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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219895/effect-of-8-week-of-hospital-based-resistance-training-program-on-tcd4-cell-count-and-anthropometric-characteristic-of-hiv-patients-in-tehran-iran-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Morteza Ghayomzadeh, SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi, Mahdieh Molanouri Shamsi, Sajjad Rezaei, Conrad P Earnest, Sima Akbarnejad, Leila Taj, Minoo Mohraz, James Wilfred Navalta, Peyman Ghasemi, Fabrício Azevedo Voltarelli
We examined the effects of an 8 w circuit resistance training (RES) program using elastic bands and body weight on TCD4+ cell counts and anthropometry in HIV patients. Patients (N=21) receiving antiretroviral therapy were randomly assigned to resistance training (RES; n=14) or control group (CON; n=7) groups. RES (3/w) consisted of training with elastic bands and bodyweight training focusing on major muscle groups. CON received standard care. Statistical analyses were performed using general linear models adjusted for age, gender, length of infection and respective baseline measures...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200908/ursolic-acid-supplementation-decreases-markers-of-skeletal-muscle-damage-during-resistance-training-in-resistance-trained-men-a-pilot-study
#2
Hyun Seok Bang, Dae Yun Seo, Young Min Chung, Do Hyung Kim, Sam-Jun Lee, Sung Ryul Lee, Hyo-Bum Kwak, Tae Nyun Kim, Min Kim, Kyoung-Mo Oh, Young Jin Son, Sanghyun Kim, Jin Han
Ursolic acid (UA) supplementation was previously shown to improve skeletal muscle function in resistance-trained men. This study aimed to determine, using the same experimental paradigm, whether UA also has beneficial effects on exercise-induced skeletal muscle damage markers including the levels of cortisol, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), myoglobin, creatine kinase (CK), creatine kinase-myocardial band (CK-MB), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in resistance-trained men. Sixteen healthy participants were randomly assigned to resistance training (RT) or RT+UA groups (n=8 per group)...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199402/changes-in-body-composition-according-to-age-and-sex-among-young-non-diabetic-korean-adults-the-kangbuk-samsung-health-study
#3
Seul Ki Kim, Yu Hyun Kwon, Jung Hwan Cho, Da Young Lee, Se Eun Park, Hyung Geun Oh, Cheol Young Park, Won Young Lee, Ki Won Oh, Sung Woo Park, Eun Jung Rhee
BACKGROUND: Age-related decreases in lean mass represent a serious health problem. We aimed to analyze the risks of rapid decreases in lean mass by age and sex in relatively young Korean adults during a 4-year follow-up study. METHODS: A total of 65,856 non-diabetic participants (59.5% men, mean age 39.1 years) in a health screening program were subjected to bioimpedance body composition analyses and metabolic parameter analyses at baseline and after 4 years. The participants were sub-divided according to age, and additionally to six groups by age and the degree of body weight change over the 4-year period...
November 21, 2017: Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193674/potential-impact-of-metabolic-and-gut-microbial-response-to-pregnancy-and-lactation-in-lean-and-diet-induced-obese-rats-on-offspring-obesity-risk
#4
Heather A Paul, Kelsey H Collins, Marc R Bomhof, Hans J Vogel, Raylene A Reimer
SCOPE: Maternal obesity programs metabolic dysfunction in offspring, increasing their susceptibility to obesity and metabolic disease in later life. Moreover, pregnancy and lactation are associated with many metabolic adaptations, yet it is unclear how diet-induced maternal obesity may interrupt these processes. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed 1 H NMR serum metabolomics analysis on samples collected pre-pregnancy and in pregnant and lactating lean and high fat/sucrose (HFS) diet-induced obese Sprague-Dawley rats to identify maternal metabolic pathways associated with developmental programming of offspring obesity...
November 28, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189702/nurse-training-in-self-management-of-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases-a-multicentre-observational-study
#5
Rachele La Sala, Rita Bruna Dicembrino, Simona Dall'Argine, Monica Baiguera, Lorena Gazzotti, Elena Gubin, Alessia Rondini, Ilaria Mamei
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The therapeutic education and self-management carried out by nurses, are winning elements in cardiovascular secondary prevention, but because they are complex matters, they require special training by the professionals. The target of the study has been to assess the effects in clinical practice of a training program for nurses in the management of patients with cardiovascular diseases, leaning towards a self-oriented patient management and therapeutic patient education...
November 30, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188900/effects-of-aerobic-and-resistance-training-combined-with-fortified-milk-on-muscle-mass-muscle-strength-and-physical-performance-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Y Osuka, S Fujita, N Kitano, K Kosaki, J Seol, Y Sawano, H Shi, Y Fujii, S Maeda, T Okura, H Kobayashi, K Tanaka
OBJECTIVES: Fortified milk and resistance training (RT) increase muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance in older adults, but it remains unclear whether RT combined with aerobic training (AT) would have stronger effects on these outcomes. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of aerobic and resistance training (ART) combined with fortified milk consumption on muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance in older adults. DESIGN: Open-labeled randomized controlled trial...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188869/changes-in-lean-mass-and-serum-myostatin-with-habitual-protein-intake-and-high-velocity-resistance-training
#7
A Binns, M Gray, A C Henson, I L Fort
OBJECTIVES: Examine the associations between dietary protein intake, lean mass (LM), and serum myostatin (Mstn) levels among community-dwelling older adults participating in a 20-week high-velocity resistance training (HVRT) program. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This longitudinal study consisted of 33 community-dwelling, older adults (mean age 77.0 years, SD = 6.4); all of which obtained physician clearance prior to study participation. MEASUREMENTS: Twenty-five females and eight males were randomized to a control (CON) or HVRT group...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164285/referent-control-of-the-orientation-of-posture-and-movement-in-the-gravitational-field
#8
Aditi A Mullick, Nicolas A Turpin, Szu-Chen Hsu, Sandeep K Subramanian, Anatol G Feldman, Mindy F Levin
This study addresses the question of how posture and movement are oriented with respect to the direction of gravity. It is suggested that neural control levels coordinate spatial thresholds at which multiple muscles begin to be activated to specify a referent body orientation (RO) at which muscle activity is minimized. Under the influence of gravity, the body is deflected from the RO to an actual orientation (AO) until the emerging muscle activity and forces begin to balance gravitational forces and maintain body stability...
November 21, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152318/gut-microbiota-composition-may-relate-to-weight-loss-rate-in-obese-pet-dogs
#9
Ida N Kieler, Shamrulazhar Shamzir Kamal, Anne D Vitger, Dennis S Nielsen, Charlotte Lauridsen, Charlotte R Bjornvad
Obese dogs seem to have a different gut microbiome (GM) composition compared to lean dogs, and in humans, GM composition may negatively impact the ability to lose weight in some individuals. The purpose of this study was to investigate the interaction between exercise, weight-loss and the composition of GM in dogs. Eighteen obese pet dogs were recruited for a 12-week weight-loss intervention. All dogs were fed restrictively with a commercial high-protein/high-fibre dry diet, and eight of these dogs were enrolled in an exercise program in addition to the diet intervention...
November 2017: Veterinary Medicine and Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136390/assurance-of-myeloid-growth-factor-administration-in-an-infusion-center-pilot-quality-improvement-initiative
#10
Pamela Maree Ramirez, Barry Peterson, Christine Holtshopple, Kristina Borja, Vincent Torres, Lucille Valdivia-Peppers, Julio Harriague, Melanie D Joe
PURPOSE: Four incident reports involving missed doses of myeloid growth factors (MGFs) triggered the need for an outcome-driven initiative. From March 1, 2015, to February 29, 2016, at University of California Irvine Health Chao Infusion Center, 116 of 3,300 MGF doses were missed (3.52%), including pegfilgrastim, filgrastim, and sargramostim. We hypothesized that with the application of Lean Six Sigma methodology, we would achieve our primary objective of reducing the number of missed MGF doses to < 0...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130051/the-effect-of-a-12-week-health-training-program-on-selected-anthropometric-and-biochemical-variables-in-middle-aged-women
#11
Wanda Pilch, Łukasz Tota, Ewa Sadowska-Krępa, Anna Piotrowska, Magdalena Kępińska, Tomasz Pałka, Adam Maszczyk
Regular moderate physical activity positively affects health, fitness, and body composition; it regulates the pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines levels. Vitamin D plays an important regulatory role; its adequate levels correlate with low values of inflammation markers and an increase in muscle strength and fitness in exercising people. The study's aim was to evaluate changes in somatic variables, oxidative stress, and inflammation markers, as well as blood calcidiol concentration in middle-aged healthy women after 12 weeks of aerobics classes-endurance exercises, including choreographic sequences, aiming to improve fitness and motor coordination...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120983/assessing-differences-in-anthropometric-and-fitness-characteristics-between-police-academy-cadets-and-incumbent-officers
#12
Robin Orr, J Jay Dawes, Rodney Pope, Joseph Terry
The physical fitness of police officers must be developed in new cadets and sustained in incumbent officers. The aims of this study were to profile and compare the anthropometric and fitness characteristics of police academy cadets and incumbent officers of varying ages from a single police force. Retrospective data for 84 police academy cadets (♂=66, mean age=27.96±5.73 yrs; ♀=18, mean age=30.50±5.76 yrs) and 80 incumbent police officers (♂=73, mean age=39.43±8.28 yrs; ♀=7, mean age=37.86±3.67 yrs) were compiled...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118320/nicotinamide-mononucleotide-nmn-supplementation-ameliorates-the-impact-of-maternal-obesity-in-mice-comparison-with-exercise
#13
Golam Mezbah Uddin, Neil A Youngson, Bronte M Doyle, David A Sinclair, Margaret J Morris
Maternal overnutrition increases the risk of long-term metabolic dysfunction in offspring. Exercise improves metabolism partly by upregulating mitochondrial biogenesis or function, via increased levels of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)). We have shown that the NAD(+) precursor, nicotinamide mononucleotide (NMN) can reverse some of the negative consequences of high fat diet (HFD) consumption. To investigate whether NMN can impact developmentally-set metabolic deficits, we compared treadmill exercise and NMN injection in offspring of obese mothers...
November 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111889/the-combined-effects-of-exercise-diet-and-a-multi-ingredient-dietary-supplement-on-body-composition-and-adipokine-changes-in-overweight-adults
#14
Shawn M Arent, Alan J Walker, Joseph K Pellegrino, David J Sanders, Bridget A McFadden, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Hector L Lopez
BACKGROUND: Very few weight and fat loss supplements undergo finished-product research to examine efficacy. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of an 8-week diet and exercise program on body composition, hip and waist girth, and adipokines and evaluate whether a dietary supplement containing raspberry ketone, capsaicin, caffeine, garlic, and Citrus aurantium enhanced outcomes. METHODS: Overweight men and women completed this randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096069/exercise-training-and-weight-loss-not-always-a-happy-marriage-single-blind-exercise-trials-in-females-with-diverse-bmi
#15
Matthew Jackson, Fardin Fatahi, Kholoud Alabduljader, Charlotte Jelleyman, Jonathan P Moore, Hans-Peter Kubis
Individuals show high variability in body weight responses to exercise training. Expectations and motivation towards effects of exercise on body weight might influence eating behaviour and could conceal regulatory mechanisms. We conducted two single-blind exercise trials (4 weeks (study 1) and 8 weeks (study 2)) with concealed objectives and exclusion of individuals with weight loss intention. Circuit exercise training programs (3 times a week (45-90 min), intensity 50-90% VO2peak, for 4 and 8 weeks) were conducted...
November 2, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094632/anthropometric-characteristics-and-physical-fitness-in-rural-and-urban-11-to-16-year-old-melanesian-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study-in-new-caledonian-schools
#16
Paul Zongo, Stephane Frayon, Sophie Antoine-Jonville, Guillaume Wattelez, Pierre-Yves Le Roux, Olivier Hue, Olivier Galy
We evaluated anthropometric characteristics and physical fitness in 556 Melanesian adolescents from rural and urban New Caledonia to build health education programs focused on physical activity. In 2013, body weight, height, skinfold thickness, lean body mass (LBM), percentage fat body mass (%FBM), physical fitness (power, agility, speed, maximal aerobic speed [MAS], estimated VO2max), and self-reported physical activity were assessed. Rural adolescents were significantly shorter and faster, had lower weight, %FBM, LBM, and power output and similar MAS and VO2max, and were more active than urban adolescents...
October 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094074/progressive-resistance-training-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-undergoing-concomitant-chemoradiotherapy
#17
Camilla K Lonkvist, Anders Vinther, Bo Zerahn, Eva Rosenbom, Atul S Deshmukh, Pernille Hojman, Julie Gehl
Objectives: Patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma undergoing concomitant chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) frequently experience weight loss, especially loss of lean body mass (LBM), and reduced functional performance. This study investigated whether a 12-week hospital-based progressive resistance training (PRT) program during CCRT is feasible in the clinical setting before planning initiation of a larger randomized study which is the long-term goal. Study design: Prospective pilot study...
October 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083464/initiating-exercise-interventions-to-promote-wellness-in-cancer-patients-and-survivors
#18
REVIEW
Anna L Schwartz, Hendrik Dirk de Heer, Jennifer W Bea
Exercise is associated with significant reductions in the recurrence and mortality rates of several common cancers. Cancer survivors who exercise can potentially benefit from reduced levels of fatigue, and improved quality of life, physical function, and body composition (ie, healthier ratios of lean body mass to fat mass). The amount of activity required to achieve protective effects is moderate (eg, walking 30 minutes per day at 2.5 miles per hour). However, many healthcare providers report a lack of awareness of the appropriate exercise recommendations across the phases of cancer survivorship, considerations regarding the timing of exercise interventions, and the ability to refer patients to exercise programs specifically aimed at cancer survivors...
October 15, 2017: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065054/the-importance-of-body-composition-in-the-national-hockey-league-combine-physiologic-assessments
#19
Nathan A Chiarlitti, Patrick Delisle-Houde, Ryan E R Reid, Cory Kennedy, Ross E Andersen
The National Hockey League (NHL) combine was designed to assess draft-eligible players based on body composition, speed, power, and strength. The importance of body composition in the battery of combine physical tests was investigated and differences in results based on position were explored. Thirty-seven elite male Canadian university hockey players (age = 22.86 ± 1.55 years, weight = 87.21 ± 6.52 kg, height = 181.69 ± 6.19 cm) participated in the study at the beginning of their hockey season. All participants underwent physical testing (as outlined in the 2016 NHL combine) and one total body dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan to measure body composition...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056312/bone-geometric-properties-of-the-femoral-neck-in-underweight-eumenorrheic-women
#20
Nathalie Al Rassy, Joseph Matta, Fabienne Frenn, Ghassan Maalouf, Maroun Rizkallah, Falah Bachour, Amer Sebaaly, Pierre Hardouin, Christophe Chauveau, Rawad El Hage
The aim of this study was to describe femoral neck (FN) geometry among eumenorrheic underweight women around the age of peak bone mass. Proximal femur geometry and body composition were assessed in 12 underweight women and in 24 healthy controls using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. The Hip Structural Analysis program was used to determine bone geometry at the FN. The cross-sectional area (CSA) and the cross-sectional moment of inertia (CSMI) were significantly lower in underweight women than in controls (p < 0...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
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