keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Lean program

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429746/children-with-severe-burns-display-no-sex-differences-in-exercise-capacity-at-hospital-discharge-or-adaptation-after-exercise-rehabilitation-training
#1
Eric Rivas, David N Herndon, Martha L Chapa, Janos Cambiaso-Daniel, Victoria G Rontoyanni, Ileana L Gutierrez, Kevin Sanchez, Shauna Glover, Oscar E Suman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Females have a 50% increased risk of death from burn injury compared to males. However, whether exercise capacity and exercise induced training adaptations differ between burned boys and girls is unknown. This project tested the hypothesis that girls with burns have lower exercise capacity and different exercise induced training adaptations. METHODS: Twenty-five girls were matched to 26 boys (mean, 95%CI; years 13 [12,14], cm 151 [143,161], kg 54 [45,63]; each P>0...
February 8, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415060/precision-of-mri-based-body-composition-measurements-of-postmenopausal-women
#2
Janne West, Thobias Romu, Sofia Thorell, Hanna Lindblom, Emilia Berin, Anna-Clara Spetz Holm, Lotta Lindh Åstrand, Anette Karlsson, Magnus Borga, Mats Hammar, Olof Dahlqvist Leinhard
OBJECTIVES: To determine precision of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) based fat and muscle quantification in a group of postmenopausal women. Furthermore, to extend the method to individual muscles relevant to upper-body exercise. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a sub-study to a randomized control trial investigating effects of resistance training to decrease hot flushes in postmenopausal women. Thirty-six women were included, mean age 56 ± 6 years. Each subject was scanned twice with a 3...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383073/using-medical-student-quality-improvement-projects-to-promote-evidence-based-care-in-the-emergency-department
#3
Michael W Manning, Eric W Bean, Andrew C Miller, Suzanne J Templer, Richard S Mackenzie, David M Richardson, Kristin A Bresnan, Marna R Greenberg
Introduction: The Association of American Medical Colleges' (AAMC) initiative for Core Entrustable Professional Activities for Entering Residency includes as an element of Entrustable Professional Activity 13 to "identify system failures and contribute to a culture of safety and improvement." We set out to determine the feasibility of using medical students' action learning projects (ALPs) to expedite implementation of evidence-based pathways for three common patient diagnoses in the emergency department (ED) setting (Atrial fibrillation, congestive heart failure, and pulmonary embolism)...
January 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380855/single-arm-resistance-training-study-to-determine-the-relationship-between-training-outcomes-and-muscle-growth-factor-mrnas-in-older-adults-consuming-numerous-medications-and-supplements
#4
R A Dennis, K K Garner, P M Kortebein, C M Parkes, M M Bopp, S Li, K P Padala, P R Padala, D H Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: Determine if the muscle mRNA levels of three growth factors (insulin-like growth factor-1 [IGF1], ciliary neurotropic factor [CNTF], and vascular endothelial growth factor-D [VEGFD]) are correlated with muscle size and strength gains from resistance exercise while piloting a training program in older adults taking medications and supplements for age-associated problems. DESIGN: Single-arm prospective study. SETTING: US Veterans Affairs hospital...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376141/physical-therapy-considerations-for-chronic-kidney-disease-and-secondary-sarcopenia
#5
Haniel J Hernandez, Gideon Obamwonyi, Michael O Harris-Love
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive condition that may negatively affect musculoskeletal health. These comorbidities may include malnutrition, osteoporosis, and decreased lean body mass. Secondary sarcopenia due to CKD may be associated with mobility limitations and elevated fall risk. Physical therapists are well-positioned among the health care team to screen for secondary sarcopenia in those with CKD and for the treatment of musculoskeletal comorbid conditions that may affect functional performance...
January 5, 2018: Journal of functional morphology and kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366724/effects-of-community-based-exercise-in-adults-with-severe-burns-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Charles D Voigt, Guillermo Foncerrada, Raquel Peña, Ashley N Guillory, Clark R Andersen, Craig G Crandall, Steven E Wolf, David N Herndon, Oscar E Suman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of community-based exercise programs (COMBEX) in the rehabilitation of adult burn patients as compared to standard of care (SOC). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial, with 2:1 randomization. SETTING: Assessments were performed in a hospital setting. The intervention was performed in a community setting. PARTICIPANTS: Adult patients with ≥ 30% total body surface area burns were randomized to participate in COMBEX (N = 31) or standard of care (SOC) (N = 14)...
January 20, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353742/trunk-pelvis-and-hip-biomechanics-in-individuals-with-femoroacetabular-impingement-syndrome-strategies-for-step-ascent
#7
Laura E Diamond, Kim L Bennell, Tim V Wrigley, Rana S Hinman, Michelle Hall, John O'Donnell, Paul W Hodges
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingment (FAI) syndrome is common among young active adults and a proposed risk factor for the future development of hip osteoarthritis. Pain is dominant and drives clinical decision-making. Evidence for altered hip joint function in this patient population is inconsistent, making the identification of treatment targets challenging. A broader assessment, considering adjacent body segments (i.e. pelvis, trunk) and individual movement strategies, may better inform treatment programs...
January 11, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352654/resistance-training-during-a-12-week-protein-supplemented-vlcd-treatment-enhances-weight-loss-outcomes-in-obese-patients
#8
Edward Jo, Phillip R Worts, Marcus L Elam, Ann Frost Brown, Andy V Khamoui, Do-Houn Kim, Ming-Chia Yeh, Michael J Ormsbee, Carla M Prado, Angelina Cain, Katie Snyder, Jeong-Su Kim
BACKGROUND: This investigation evaluated the efficacy by which resistance training enhances body composition, metabolic, and functional outcomes for obese patients undergoing a 12-week medically supervised hypocaloric treatment. METHODS: This was a single-blind, randomized, parallel-group prospective trial. Morbidly obese patients were prescribed a 12-week proprietary very low calorie diet (VLCD) treatment (Optifast®) with supplemental protein (1120 kcals/day) and were placed in one of two groups for 14 weeks: 1) Standard Treatment Control (CON) (n = 5) or 2) Resistance Training (RT) (n = 6)...
December 23, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351383/muscular-performance-and-body-composition-changes-following-multi-versus-combined-multi-and-single-joint-exercises-in-aging-adults
#9
Ewertton de Souza Bezerra, Antônio Renato Pereira Moro, Lucas Bet da Rosa Orssatto, Mariane Eichendorf da Silva, Jeffrey Michael Willardson, Roberto Simão
The aim of the present study was to compare muscular performance and body composition changes following low volume resistance training programs consisting of multi-joint (MJ) exercises (cable chest press and seated row)versus a combination of multi- and single-joint (MJ+SJ) exercises (cable chest press, seated row, biceps curl, and triceps extension). Thirty untrained healthy aging adults were randomly assigned to three groups: MJ (n=11), MJ+SJ (n=11), and Control (n=8). Twelve-repetition maximums (12-RM) for the cable chest press and seated row; localized muscular endurance for the elbow flexors handgrip strength; and body composition were assessed before and after the 8-week training program...
January 19, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333574/unique-metabolic-activation-of-adipose-tissue-macrophages-in-obesity-promotes-inflammatory-responses
#10
Lily Boutens, Guido J Hooiveld, Sourabh Dhingra, Robert A Cramer, Mihai G Netea, Rinke Stienstra
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Recent studies have identified intracellular metabolism as a fundamental determinant of macrophage function. In obesity, proinflammatory macrophages accumulate in adipose tissue and trigger chronic low-grade inflammation, that promotes the development of systemic insulin resistance, yet changes in their intracellular energy metabolism are currently unknown. We therefore set out to study metabolic signatures of adipose tissue macrophages (ATMs) in lean and obese conditions...
January 14, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333569/an-integrated-fuzzy-based-advanced-eutrophication-simulation-model-to-develop-the-best-management-scenarios-for-a-river-basin
#11
Rallapalli Srinivas, Ajit Pratap Singh
Assessment of water quality status of a river with respect to its discharge has become prerequisite to sustainable river basin management. The present paper develops an integrated model for simulating and evaluating strategies for water quality management in a river basin management by controlling point source pollutant loadings and operations of multi-purpose projects. Water Quality Analysis and Simulation Program (WASP version 8.0) has been used for modeling the transport of pollutant loadings and their impact on water quality in the river...
January 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315169/health-benefits-of-an-innovative-exercise-program-for-mitochondrial-disorders
#12
Carmen Fiuza-Luces, Jorge Díez-Bermejo, Miguel Fernández-de la Torre, Gabriel Rodríguez-Romo, Paz Sanz-Ayán, Aitor Delmiro, Diego Munguía-Izquierdo, Irene Rodríguez-Gómez, Ignacio Ara, Cristina Domínguez-González, Joaquín Arenas, Miguel A Martín, Alejandro Lucia, María Morán
PURPOSE: We determined the effects of an innovative 8-week exercise intervention (aerobic, resistance and inspiratory muscle training) for patients with mitochondrial disease (MD). METHODS: Several endpoints were assessed in 12 patients (19-59 years, 4 female) at pre-training, post-training and after 4-week detraining: aerobic power, muscle strength/power and maximal inspiratory pressure (main endpoints), ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL), body composition, quality of life and blood myokines (secondary endpoints)...
January 8, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300423/effects-of-low-dose-dairy-protein-plus-micronutrient-supplementation-during-resistance-exercise-on-muscle-mass-and-physical-performance-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
S Seino, K Sumi, M Narita, Y Yokoyama, K Ashida, A Kitamura, S Shinkai
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether supplementation with low-dose dairy protein plus micronutrients augments the effects of resistance exercise (RE) on muscle mass and physical performance compared with RE alone among older adults. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Tokyo, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-two community-dwelling older adults (mean age, 73.5 years) were randomly allocated to an RE plus dairy protein and micronutrient supplementation group or an RE only group (n = 41 each)...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290349/dxa-assessed-changes-in-body-composition-in-obese-women-following-two-different-weight-loss-programs
#14
Federico Ponti, Valentina Soverini, Andrea Plazzi, Maria Pilar Aparisi Gómez, Daniele Mercatelli, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Giuseppe Battista, Giulio Marchesini, Alberto Bazzocchi
OBJECTIVE: Changes in body composition during weight loss programs might have a significant effect on long-term results. The aim of this study was to test these changes by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in obese women enrolled into two different weight loss medical programs. METHODS: We prospectively studied 71 women assigned to either an intensive 3-mo cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) or a 1-mo nutritional counseling plan (NCP). All patients underwent DXA whole-body scan before treatment and after 3, 6, and 12 mo...
February 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275080/leg-muscle-activation-patterns-during-walking-and-leg-lean-mass-are-different-in-children-with-and-without-developmental-coordination-disorder
#15
Timothy T T Yam, Shirley S M Fong
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) have a higher body fat and greater gait variability. Little research has investigated the gait muscle activity and lean mass measures in children with DCD. AIMS: To compare the leg muscle activation patterns of the gait cycle and leg lean mass between children with and without DCD. METHODS: Fifty-one children were in the DCD group (38 males and 13 females; 7...
December 21, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246338/cardiorespiratory-capacity-and-strength-remain-attenuated-in-children-with-severe-burn-injuries-at-over-3-years-postburn
#16
Janos Cambiaso-Daniel, Eric Rivas, Joshua S Carson, Gabriel Hundeshagen, Omar Nunez Lopez, Shauna Q Glover, David N Herndon, Oscar E Suman
OBJECTIVES: To compare physical capacity and body composition between children with burn injuries at approximately 4 years postburn and healthy, fit children. STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective, case-control study, we analyzed the strength, aerobic capacity, and body composition of children with severe burn injuries (n = 40) at discharge, after completion of a 6- to 12-week rehabilitative exercise training program, and at 3-4 years postburn. Values were expressed as a relative percentage of those in age- and sex-matched children for comparison (n = 40 for discharge and postexercise; n = 40 for 3...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219895/effect-of-8-week-of-hospital-based-resistance-training-program-on-tcd4-cell-count-and-anthropometric-characteristic-of-hiv-patients-in-tehran-iran-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Morteza Ghayomzadeh, SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi, Mahdieh Molanouri Shamsi, Sajjad Rezaei, Conrad P Earnest, Sima Akbarnejad, Leila Taj, Minoo Mohraz, James Wilfred Navalta, Peyman Ghasemi, Fabrício Azevedo Voltarelli
We examined the effects of an 8 w circuit resistance training (RES) program using elastic bands and body weight on TCD4+ cell counts and anthropometry in HIV patients. Patients (N=21) receiving antiretroviral therapy were randomly assigned to resistance training (RES; n=14) or control group (CON; n=7) groups. RES (3/w) consisted of training with elastic bands and bodyweight training focusing on major muscle groups. CON received standard care. Statistical analyses were performed using general linear models adjusted for age, gender, length of infection and respective baseline measures...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200908/ursolic-acid-supplementation-decreases-markers-of-skeletal-muscle-damage-during-resistance-training-in-resistance-trained-men-a-pilot-study
#18
Hyun Seok Bang, Dae Yun Seo, Young Min Chung, Do Hyung Kim, Sam-Jun Lee, Sung Ryul Lee, Hyo-Bum Kwak, Tae Nyun Kim, Min Kim, Kyoung-Mo Oh, Young Jin Son, Sanghyun Kim, Jin Han
Ursolic acid (UA) supplementation was previously shown to improve skeletal muscle function in resistance-trained men. This study aimed to determine, using the same experimental paradigm, whether UA also has beneficial effects on exercise-induced skeletal muscle damage markers including the levels of cortisol, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), myoglobin, creatine kinase (CK), creatine kinase-myocardial band (CK-MB), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in resistance-trained men. Sixteen healthy participants were randomly assigned to resistance training (RT) or RT+UA groups (n=8 per group)...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199402/changes-in-body-composition-according-to-age-and-sex-among-young-non-diabetic-korean-adults-the-kangbuk-samsung-health-study
#19
Seul Ki Kim, Yu Hyun Kwon, Jung Hwan Cho, Da Young Lee, Se Eun Park, Hyung Geun Oh, Cheol Young Park, Won Young Lee, Ki Won Oh, Sung Woo Park, Eun Jung Rhee
BACKGROUND: Age-related decreases in lean mass represent a serious health problem. We aimed to analyze the risks of rapid decreases in lean mass by age and sex in relatively young Korean adults during a 4-year follow-up study. METHODS: A total of 65,856 non-diabetic participants (59.5% men, mean age 39.1 years) in a health screening program were subjected to bioimpedance body composition analyses and metabolic parameter analyses at baseline and after 4 years. The participants were sub-divided according to age, and additionally to six groups by age and the degree of body weight change over the 4-year period...
November 21, 2017: Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193674/potential-impact-of-metabolic-and-gut-microbial-response-to-pregnancy-and-lactation-in-lean-and-diet-induced-obese-rats-on-offspring-obesity-risk
#20
Heather A Paul, Kelsey H Collins, Marc R Bomhof, Hans J Vogel, Raylene A Reimer
SCOPE: Maternal obesity programs metabolic dysfunction in offspring, increasing their susceptibility to obesity and metabolic disease in later life. Moreover, pregnancy and lactation are associated with many metabolic adaptations, yet it is unclear how diet-induced maternal obesity may interrupt these processes. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed 1 H NMR serum metabolomics analysis on samples collected pre-pregnancy and in pregnant and lactating lean and high fat/sucrose (HFS) diet-induced obese Sprague-Dawley rats to identify maternal metabolic pathways associated with developmental programming of offspring obesity...
November 28, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
keyword
keyword
18292
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"