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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530517/contributions-of-body-composition-characteristics-to-critical-power-and-anaerobic-work-capacity
#1
M Travis Byrd, Jonathan Robert Switalla, Joel E Eastman, Brian J Wallace, Jody L Clasey, Haley C Bergstrom
Critical power (CP) and anaerobic work capacity (AWC) from the CP test represent distinct parameters related to metabolic characteristics of the whole body and active muscle tissue, respectively. PURPOSE: This study examined the contribution of whole body composition characteristics and local lean mass to further elucidate the differences in metabolic characteristics between CP and AWC as they relate to whole body and local factors. METHODS: Fifteen, anaerobically trained males were assessed for whole body (% body fat [%BF] and mineral-free, lean mass [LBM]) and local mineral-free thigh lean mass (TLM) composition characteristic...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528621/using-lean-to-rapidly-and-sustainably-transform-a-behavioral-health-crisis-program-impact-on-throughput-and-safety
#2
Margaret E Balfour, Kathleen Tanner, Paul J Jurica, Dawn Llewellyn, Robert G Williamson, Chris A Carson
BACKGROUND: Lean has been increasingly applied in health care to reduce waste and improve quality, particularly in fast-paced and high-acuity clinical settings such as emergency departments. In addition, Lean's focus on engagement of frontline staff in problem solving can be a catalyst for organizational change. In this study, ConnectionsAZ demonstrates how they applied Lean principles to rapidly and sustainably transform clinical operations in a behavioral health crisis facility. METHODS: A multidisciplinary team of management and frontline staff defined values-based outcome measures, mapped the current and ideal processes, and developed new processes to achieve the ideal...
June 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528340/evaluation-of-hypocaloric-diet-with-protein-supplementation-in-middle-aged-sarcopenic-obese-women-a-pilot-study
#3
Rosa Sammarco, Maurizio Marra, Maria Luisa Di Guglielmo, Marianna Naccarato, Franco Contaldo, Eleonora Poggiogalle, Lorenzo Maria Donini, Fabrizio Pasanisi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a nutritional program, which is characterized by a different modulation of proteins, in adult patients with sarcopenic obesity. METHODS: We studied 18 obese women aged 41-74 years. Obesity was diagnosed as fat mass > 34.8% and sarcopenia was defined when lean body mass was <90% of the subject's ideal fat free mass. All subjects were randomly assigned to different nutritional interventions: Hypocaloric diet plus placebo (A) and hypocaloric high-protein diet (1...
May 20, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527156/the-effect-of-aerobic-or-aerobic-strength-exercise-on-body-composition-and-functional-capacity-in-patients-with-bmi-%C3%A2-35-after-bariatric-surgery-a-randomized-control-trial
#4
Alireza Hassannejad, Alireza Khalaj, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mastaneh Rajabian Tabesh, Zahra Alizadeh
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies suggested that bariatric surgery is the most effective and sustainable treatment method for morbid obesity in long term, but without changing in lifestyle, maintaining optimal weight loss is almost impossible. METHODS: Sixty morbid obese patients (BMI ≥ 35) were evaluated before and after 12 weeks of bariatric surgery in order to compare the impact of two different exercise programs on body composition and functional capacity outcomes...
May 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515498/using-lean-to-develop-frontline-clinical-staff-pharmacists-as-residency-program-primary-preceptors
#5
EDITORIAL
Leah Frantzen, Brandon Ordway
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514618/aerobic-or-resistance-exercise-or-both-in-dieting-obese-older-adults
#6
Dennis T Villareal, Lina Aguirre, A Burke Gurney, Debra L Waters, David R Sinacore, Elizabeth Colombo, Reina Armamento-Villareal, Clifford Qualls
BACKGROUND: Obesity causes frailty in older adults; however, weight loss might accelerate age-related loss of muscle and bone mass and resultant sarcopenia and osteopenia. METHODS: In this clinical trial involving 160 obese older adults, we evaluated the effectiveness of several exercise modes in reversing frailty and preventing reduction in muscle and bone mass induced by weight loss. Participants were randomly assigned to a weight-management program plus one of three exercise programs - aerobic training, resistance training, or combined aerobic and resistance training - or to a control group (no weight-management or exercise program)...
May 18, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507406/evaluation-of-different-agroindustrial-waste-on-the-effect-of-different-carcass-characteristics-and-physiological-and-biochemical-parameters-in-broilers-chicken
#7
Y Sánchez-Roque, Y D C Pérez-Luna, E Pérez-Luna, R Berrones Hernández, S Saldaña-Trinidad
AIM: This study was conducted to evaluate the physiological and biochemical effect in chickens of the Ross breed of a food enriched with agroindustrial waste. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The food is one of the main components of the total cost for the production of chickens. Rations should be formulated to provide the correct balance of energy, protein, amino acids, minerals, vitamins and essential fatty acids, to allow optimal growth and performance. This study was intended to evaluate a natural feed for chicken, made from corn, yucca meal, eggshells, orange peel, soybean meal, salt and garlic, enriched with agroindustrial waste (molasses, milk whey and ferment of coffee)...
April 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501537/effects-of-exercise-on-liver-fat-and-metabolism-in-alcohol-drinkers
#8
David Houghton, Kate Hallsworth, Christian Thoma, Sophie Cassidy, Timothy Hardy, Sarah Heaps, Kieren G Hollingsworth, Roy Taylor, Christopher P Day, Steve Masson, Stuart McPherson, Quentin M Anstee, Michael I Trenell
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Exercise is an important component of obesity associated disorders and has been shown to reduce markers of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, little is known about how these effects are influenced by alcohol intake. We performed a randomized controlled trial to investigate the effects of exercise on hepatic triglyceride content (HTGC) and metabolism in overweight or obese patients who consume alcohol. METHODS: We performed a prospective study of 27 patients (mean age 54±11years, body mass index [BMI], 31±4kg/m2) with >5% HTGC in the United Kingdom, consuming alcohol (mean 221±75 g/week)...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494624/an-overview-of-the-performance-improvement-initiatives-by-the-ministry-of-health-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#9
Mazen Hassanain
Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Health (MOH) use corporate performance improvement methodologies to develop and implement performance improvement initiatives designed to continue building on the Ministry's vision of transforming hospital operations and instituting a culture of quality and performance focused on the "patient first" principle. We evaluated the feasibility of setting up a performance improvement unit (PIU) within the MOH to apply the principles of Lean Six Sigma and to change management methodologies...
January 1, 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486003/placental-lipoprotein-lipase-dna-methylation-alterations-are-associated-with-gestational-diabetes-and-body-composition-at-5%C3%A2-years-of-age
#10
Valérie Gagné-Ouellet, Andrée-Anne Houde, Simon-Pierre Guay, Patrice Perron, Daniel Gaudet, Renée Guérin, Jean-Patrice Baillargeon, Marie-France Hivert, Diane Brisson, Luigi Bouchard
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with obesity in childhood. This suggests that consequences of in utero exposure to maternal hyperglycemia extend beyond the fetal development, possibly through epigenetic programming. The aims of this study were to assess whether placental DNA methylation (DNAm) marks were associated with maternal GDM status and to offspring body composition at 5 years old in a prospective birth cohort. DNAm levels were measured in the fetal side of the placenta in 66 samples (24 from GDM mothers) using bisDNA-pyrosequencing...
May 9, 2017: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484595/fetal-and-neonatal-programming-of-postnatal-growth-and-feed-efficiency-in-swine
#11
REVIEW
Yun Ji, Zhenlong Wu, Zhaolai Dai, Xiaolong Wang, Ju Li, Binggen Wang, Guoyao Wu
Maternal undernutrition or overnutrition during pregnancy alters organ structure, impairs prenatal and neonatal growth and development, and reduces feed efficiency for lean tissue gains in pigs. These adverse effects may be carried over to the next generation or beyond. This phenomenon of the transgenerational impacts is known as fetal programming, which is mediated by stable and heritable alterations of gene expression through covalent modifications of DNA and histones without changes in DNA sequences (namely, epigenetics)...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481431/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-the-body-project-more-than-muscles-for-men-with-body-dissatisfaction
#12
Tiffany A Brown, K Jean Forney, Dennis Pinner, Pamela K Keel
OBJECTIVE: Pressures for men to conform to a lean, muscular ideal have, in part, contributed to eating disorder and muscle dysmorphia symptoms, yet few programs have been developed and empirically evaluated to help men. This study investigated the acceptability and efficacy of a cognitive dissonance-based (DB) intervention in reducing eating disorder and muscle dysmorphia risk factors in men with body dissatisfaction. METHOD: Men were randomized to a two-session DB intervention (n = 52) or a waitlist control condition (n = 60)...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473006/aquatic-exercise-for-residential-aged-care-adults-with-dementia-benefits-and-barriers-to-participation
#13
Timothy Henwood, Christine Neville, Chantelle Baguley, Elizabeth Beattie
BACKGROUND: Pilot work by our group has demonstrated that aquatic exercise has valuable functional and psychosocial benefits for adults living in the residential aged care setting with dementia. The aim of the currents study was to advance this work by delivering the Watermemories Swimming Club aquatic exercise program to a more representative population of older, institutionalized adults with dementia. METHODS: The benefits of 12 weeks of twice weekly participation in the Watermemories Swimming Club aquatic exercise program were assessed among an exercise and usual care control group of residential aged care adults with advanced dementia...
May 5, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457933/circuit-resistance-training-is-an-effective-means-to-enhance-muscle-strength-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Assaf Buch, Ofer Kis, Eli Carmeli, Lital Keinan-Boker, Yitshal Berner, Yael Barer, Gabi Shefer, Yonit Marcus, Naftali Stern
Physical exercise, particularly resistance training (RT), is presently the only proven means to reduce the accelerated decline in muscle strength exhibited by older adults, but its effect is hindered by low adherence rate, even under well-structured programs. Here we investigate the efficacy of circuit resistance training (CRT) on muscle strength, lean mass and aerobic capacity in older adults. MEDLINE (Ovid), EMBASE, ClinicalTrials.gov, Cochrane electronic databases were systematically searched including references of pertinent articles up to August 2016...
April 27, 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422532/effects-of-post-exercise-protein-intake-on-muscle-mass-and-strength-during-resistance-training-is-there-an-optimal-ratio-between-fast-and-slow-proteins
#15
Marina Fabre, Christophe Hausswirth, Eve Tiollier, Odeline Molle, Julien Louis, Alexandre Durguerian, Nathalie Neuveux, Xavier Bigard
While effects of the two classes of proteins found in milk (i.e. soluble proteins, including whey, and casein) on muscle protein synthesis have been well investigated after a single bout of resistance exercise (RE), the combined effects of these two proteins on the muscle responses to resistance training (RT) have not yet been investigated. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the effects of protein supplementation varying by the ratio between milk soluble proteins (fast-digested protein) and casein (slow-digested protein) on the muscle to a 9-week RT program...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415067/effect-of-whey-protein-in-conjunction-with-a-caloric-restricted-diet-and-resistance-training
#16
Wesley D Dudgeon, Elizabeth P Kelley, Timothy P Scheett
Dudgeon, WD, Kelley, EP, and Scheett, TP. Effect of whey protein in conjunction with a caloric-restricted diet and resistance training. J Strength Cond Res 31(5): 1353-1361, 2017-Caloric-restricted weight loss, especially rapid weight loss, results from a decrease in both lean and fat mass (FM). The goal for many is to lose FM while retaining lean body mass (LBM) and muscular performance thus many turn to supplements. Sixteen resistance-trained men (24 ± 1.6 years of age) completed a 4 d·wk body building style split resistance training program for 8 weeks in conjunction with a pre-exercise, periexercise, and postexercise ingestion of whey protein (WHEY) nutritional supplement or carbohydrate (CON)-based nutritional supplement...
May 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410337/adaptation-of-lean-six-sigma-methodologies-for-the-evaluation-of-veterans-choice-program-at-3-urban-veterans-affairs-medical-centers
#17
Sherry L Ball, Lauren D Stevenson, Amy C Ladebue, Marina S McCreight, Emily C Lawrence, Taryn Oestreich, Anne C Lambert-Kerzner
OBJECTIVE: The Veterans Healthcare Administration (VHA) is adapting to meet the changing needs of our Veterans. VHA leaders are promoting quality improvement strategies including Lean Six Sigma (LSS). This study used LSS tools to evaluate the Veterans Choice Program (VCP), a program that aims to improve access to health care services for eligible Veterans by expanding health care options to non-VHA providers. RESEARCH DESIGN: LSS was utilized to assess the current process and efficiency patterns of the VCP at 3 VHA Medical Centers...
April 13, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401400/glucose-uptake-of-the-muscle-and-adipose-tissues-in-diabetes-and-obesity-disease-models-evaluation-of-insulin-and-%C3%AE-3-adrenergic-receptor-agonist-effects-by-18-f-fdg
#18
Seigo Ishino, Taku Sugita, Yusuke Kondo, Mika Okai, Kazue Tsuchimori, Masanori Watanabe, Ikuo Mori, Masaki Hosoya, Takashi Horiguchi, Hidenori Kamiguchi
OBJECTIVE: One of the major causes of diabetes and obesity is abnormality in glucose metabolism and glucose uptake in the muscle and adipose tissue based on an insufficient action of insulin. Therefore, many of the drug discovery programs are based on the concept of stimulating glucose uptake in these tissues. Improvement of glucose metabolism has been assessed based on blood parameters, but these merely reflect the systemic reaction to the drug administered. We have conducted basic studies to investigate the usefulness of glucose uptake measurement in various muscle and adipose tissues in pharmacological tests using disease-model animals...
April 11, 2017: Annals of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400506/acute-elevations-in-serum-hormones-are-attenuated-after-chronic-training-with-traditional-isoinertial-but-not-accentuated-eccentric-loads-in-strength-trained-men
#19
Simon Walker, Keijo Häkkinen, Guy Gregory Haff, Anthony J Blazevich, Robert U Newton
It has been proposed that the maintenance of acute hormonal responses reveal an efficacy of a training stimulus to evoke ongoing increases in strength and muscle mass. We previously observed that maximum strength continued to improve throughout a 10-week period in an accentuated eccentric loading group (AEL) but not a traditional isoinertial loading (ISO) group. Therefore, this study investigated whether the magnitude of acute hormonal responses was greater (i.e., maintained) in AEL compared to ISO at the end of the training period...
April 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399016/the-effects-of-beef-chicken-or-whey-protein-post-workout-on-body-composition-and-muscle-performance
#20
Matthew H Sharp, Ryan P Lowery, Kevin A Shields, Jason R Lane, Jocelyn L Gray, Jeremy M Partl, Daniel W Hayes, Gabriel J Wilson, Chase A Hollmer, Julie R Minivich, Jacob M Wilson
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of post-workout consumption of beef protein isolate (Beef), hydrolyzed chicken protein (Chx) or whey protein concentrate (WPC), compared to a control on lean mass and strength during 8 weeks of resistance training. Forty-one males and females were randomized into four groups: WPC (m=5, f=5; Age (yrs)=19 ± 2, Height (cm)=171 ± 10, Mass (kg)= 74.60 ± 14.19), Beef (m=5, f=5; Age (yrs)=22 ± 4, Height (cm)=170 ± 7, Mass (kg)=70.13 ± 8.16), ChxC(m=5, f=6; Age (yrs)=21 ± 2, Height (cm)=169 ± 9, Mass (kg)=74...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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