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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319589/exercise-improves-v-combining-dot-above-o-2max-and-body-composition-in-adt-treated-prostate-cancer-patients
#1
Bradley A Wall, Daniel A Galvão, Naeem Fatehee, Dennis R Taaffe, Nigel Spry, David Joseph, Jeffrey J Hebert, Robert U Newton
INTRODUCTION: Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men and patients treated with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) experience unfavourbale changes in body composition and associated metabolic complications, which can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. We examined the effect of a 6-month program of aerobic and resistance exercise aimed at improving body composition and cardiorespiratory health in this population. METHODS: Ninety-seven men (43-90 years) with localized prostate cancer receiving ADT were randomized to either exercise (EX, n=50) or usual care (CON, n=47)...
March 18, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292470/sexual-dimorphism-in-the-effect-of-maternal-obesity-on-antioxidant-defense-mechanisms-in-the-human-placenta
#2
LaShauna Evans, Leslie Myatt
INTRODUCTION: Maternal obesity creates an adverse intrauterine environment, negatively impacts placental respiration, is associated with a higher incidence of pregnancy complications and programs the offspring for disease in adult life in a sexually dimorphic manner. We defined the effect of maternal obesity and fetal sex on pro- and anti-oxidant status in placenta and placental mitochondria. METHODS: Placental villous tissue was collected at term via c-section prior to labor from four groups of patients based on fetal sex and prepregnancy/1st trimester body mass index: lean - BMI 22...
March 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286203/association-between-manual-loading-and-newly-developed-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-subjects-with-physical-disabilities-a-follow-up-study
#3
Yen-Nung Lin, Chun-Chieh Chiu, Shih-Wei Huang, Wen-Yen Hsu, Tsan-Hon Liou, Yi-Wen Chen, Kwang-Hwa Chang
OBJECTIVE: To identify the association between body composition and newly developed carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and search for the best probabilistic cutoff value of associated factors to predict subjects with physical disabilities developing new CTS. DESIGN: Longitudinal. SETTING: A serial yearly physical check-up program for full-time employees of an organization. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-seven subjects with physical disabilities (mean age ±SD, 42...
March 9, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285470/the-effect-of-a-muscle-weight-bearing-and-aerobic-exercise-program-on-the-body-composition-muscular-strength-biochemical-markers-and-bone-mass-of-obese-patients-who-have-undergone-gastric-bypass-surgery
#4
Luciana Campanha-Versiani, Danielle Aparecida Gomes Pereira, Giane Amorim Ribeiro-Samora, Adauto Versiani Ramos, Maria Fatima H de Sander Diniz, Luiz Armando De Marco, Maria Marta Sarquis Soares
BACKGROUND: The effect of an exercise program on the body composition, muscular strength (MS), biochemical markers, and bone mineral density (BMD) of individuals undergoing gastric bypass is unclear. We assessed lean mass (LM), MS, bone remodeling markers, and BMD before and after supervised weight-bearing and aerobic exercise training in obese patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). METHODS: This study included 37 obese patients (81.1% women, mean age 38...
March 11, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277381/working-toward-quality-in-obstetric-anesthesia-a-business-approach
#5
Grant C Lynde
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Physicians are increasingly required to demonstrate that they provide quality care. How does one define quality? A significant body of literature in industries outside of health care provides guidance on how to define appropriate metrics, create teams to troubleshoot problem areas, and sustain those improvements. RECENT FINDINGS: The modern quality movement in the United States began in response to revolutionary gains in both quality and productivity in Japanese manufacturing in the 1980's...
March 8, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274988/incorporation-of-lean-methodology-into-pharmacy-residency-programs
#6
Natalie John, Holly Snider, Lisa Edgerton, Laurie Whalin
PURPOSE: The implementation of lean methodology into pharmacy residency programs at a community teaching hospital is described. SUMMARY: New Hanover Regional Medical Center, a community teaching hospital in southeastern North Carolina, fully adopted a lean culture in 2010. Given the success of lean strategies organizationally, this methodology was used to assist with the evaluation and development of its pharmacy residency programs in 2014. Lean tools and activities have also been incorporated into residency requirements and rotation learning activities...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267286/differentiation-of-effect-across-systemic-literacy-programs-in-rwanda-the-philippines-and-senegal
#7
REVIEW
Rachel Christina, Elena Vinogradova
In this article, we compare three localized applications (in Rwanda, Senegal, and the Philippines) of a literacy approach for resource-lean environments and examine the factors influencing its impact in each context, considering dosage, duration, and environment. In Rwanda, a bilingual early grade literacy initiative implemented in partnership with the ministry of education included literacy standards development, training for early grade teachers, materials development, leadership support, and community-based activities...
March 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253046/effect-of-moderate-intensity-exercise-on-inflammatory-markers-among-postmenopausal-women
#8
Eduardo Federighi Baisi Chagas, Mariana Rotta Bonfim, Bruna Camilo Turi, Nair Cristina Margarida Brondino, Henrique Luiz Monteiro
BACKGROUND: Declines in ovarian function in postmenopausal women may contribute to increase inflammatory cytokines, which can lead to chronic diseases. However, studies have shown that exercise interventions are important to manage inflammatory conditions. Thus, the objective of this study was to analyze the effect of exercise intervention on inflammatory markers among obese and postmenopausal women. METHODS: 70 women composed the sample (Exercise group [EG; n=35] and non-exercise group [nEG; n=35])...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251782/one-year-calorie-restriction-impacts-gut-microbial-composition-but-not-its-metabolic-performance-in-obese-adolescents
#9
Alicia Ruiz, Tomás Cerdó, Ruy Jáuregui, Dietmar H Pieper, Ascensión Marcos, Alfonso Clemente, Federico García, Abelardo Margolles, Manuel Ferrer, Cristina Campoy, Antonio Suárez
Recent evidence has disclosed a connection between gut microbial glycosidase activity and adiposity in obese. Here, we measured microbial α-glucosidase and β-galactosidase activities and sorted fluorescently labeled β-galactosidase containing (βGAL) microorganisms in faecal samples of eight lean and thirteen obese adolescents that followed a controlled calorie restriction program during one year. β-galactosidase is a highly distributed functional trait, mainly expressed by members of Blautia, Bacteroides, Alcaligenes, Acinetobacter and Propionibacterium...
March 2, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249114/impact-of-soot-on-nox-adsorption-over-cu-modified-hydrotalcite-derived-lean-nox-trap-catalyst
#10
Bo Li, Chonglin Song, Gang Lv, Ke Chen, Xiaofeng Cao
The impact of soot on NOx adsorption was studied over a Cu-modified hydrotalcite-derived lean NOx trap catalyst in a NO + O2 atmosphere. Powder X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, Raman scattering spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were used to characterize the surface properties of the pure catalyst and the soot/catalyst mixture. The adsorbed NOx species on the samples were evaluated by in situ diffuse reflectance Fourier transform spectroscopy. The soot coverage decreases the available adsorption sites on the surface of the catalyst, and a portion of active oxygen species are consumed by the soot oxidation during He pretreatment process...
March 14, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242899/investigation-on-temperature-fields-in-industrial-chilling-of-pork-legs-for-pdo-parma-ham-production-and-coupled-temperature-microbial-growth-simulation
#11
Massimiliano Rinaldi, Matteo Cordioli, Davide Barbanti
In the present work, temperature distribution within an industrial blast chiller with pork leg for Protected Designation of Origin Parma ham production was studied and the slowest cooling zone and the fastest cooling zone were recognized. Moreover, apparent heat transfer coefficients in both positions were calculated and resulted equal to 27.1 and 15.6 W m(-2) °C(-1), respectively. A finite element method model by distinguishing the three main components (skin, lean meat and bone) of the leg for the unsteady heat transfer during cooling was developed and validated against industrial chiller data...
January 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242513/emotionalized-learning-experiences-tapping-into-the-affective-domain
#12
Zane Asher Green, Sadia Batool
The experimental study was undertaken to examine the effect of emotionalized learning experiences on the academic achievement of students at Preston University. The major objectives of the study were to identify the effect of teaching methods on students' academic achievement and to evaluate the relationship between affective learning conditions and students' academic achievement. Based on four intact semesters, the population of the study comprised 140 students from the Bachelors of Business Administration Program...
February 6, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225809/the-renal-consequences-of-maternal-obesity-in-offspring-are-overwhelmed-by-postnatal-high-fat-diet
#13
Sarah J Glastras, Hui Chen, Michael Tsang, Rachel Teh, Rachel T McGrath, Amgad Zaky, Jason Chen, Muh Geot Wong, Carol A Pollock, Sonia Saad
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Developmental programming induced by maternal obesity influences the development of chronic disease in offspring. In the present study, we aimed to determine whether maternal obesity exaggerates obesity-related kidney disease. METHODS: Female C57BL/6 mice were fed high-fat diet (HFD) for six weeks prior to mating, during gestation and lactation. Male offspring were weaned to normal chow or HFD. At postnatal Week 8, HFD-fed offspring were administered one dose streptozotocin (STZ, 100 mg/kg i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214525/-is-there-an-optimal-diet-for-weight-management-and-metabolic-health
#14
George Thom, Mike Lean
Individuals can lose body weight and improve health status on a wide range of energy (calorie) restricted dietary interventions. In this paper, we have reviewed the effectiveness of the most commonly utilized diets, including low-fat, low-carbohydrate and Mediterranean approaches in addition to commercial slimming programmes, meal replacements and newly-popularized intermittent fasting diets. We also consider the role of artificial sweeteners in weight management. Low-fat diets tend to improve LDL-cholesterol most, whilst lower-carbohydrate diets may preferentially improve triglycerides and HDL-cholesterol, however differences between diets are marginal...
February 15, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190874/maternal-consumption-of-a-cafeteria-diet-during-lactation-in-rats-leads-the-offspring-to-a-thin-outside-fat-inside-phenotype
#15
C A Pomar, R van Nes, J Sánchez, C Picó, J Keijer, A Palou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The suckling period is a critical phase of development, in which maternal overnutrition may program the susceptibility of developing chronic diseases and disorders, such as obesity and metabolic alterations, in adult life. Here, we questioned whether the consumption of a cafeteria diet throughout lactation in rats affects the macronutrient composition of milk and whether it results in permanent metabolic effects in the offspring. METHODS: Nursing rats were fed a control diet or a cafeteria diet during lactation...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160500/il-10-expression-in-macrophages-from-neonates-born-from-obese-mothers-is-suppressed-by-il-4-and-lps-inf%C3%AE
#16
Francisca Cifuentes-Zúñiga, Viviana Arroyo-Jousse, Gustavo Soto-Carrasco, Paola Casanello, Ricardo Uauy, Bernardo J Krause, José A Castro-Rodríguez
Obese women offspring have a higher risk of developing chronic diseases associated with an altered immune function. We aim to determine, in neonatal monocyte-derived macrophages, whether maternal obesity is associated with an altered expression and DNA methylation of pro- and anti-inflammatory genes, along with a higher pro-inflammatory response. Cord blood from newborns of obese (Ob) and lean (control) women were obtained at delivery. Monocytes were isolated and differentiated into macrophages, in which M1 (LPS/IFNγ) and M2 (IL-4) polarization were assayed...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152972/using-a-collaborative-approach-for-rapid-deployment-of-advance-care-planning-in-the-outpatient-oncology-setting
#17
Jeffrey B Smerage, Jamie Lindsay, Laura Petersen, Keith Mark Swetz, Arif Kamal
255 Background: The Michigan Oncology Quality Consortium (MOQC) is a quality collaborative supported by Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan with the goal of improving cancer care in Michigan by using data gathered as part of the national Quality Oncology Practice Initiative (QOPI) program. In spring 2014, MOQC launched a statewide collaborative focused on advance care planning (ACP) with the following aim: to provide training and resources on how to engage patients in a discussion of goals, preferences, and priorities for care...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152757/lung-cancer-diagnosis-transformation-aligning-the-people-processes-and-technology-sides-of-the-learning-system
#18
Donna E Maziak, Jason R Pantarotto, Jennifer Smylie, Leanne Taylor, Thomas Timlin, Tiziana Cacciotti, Patrick James Villeneuve, Carole Dennie, Chantal Bornais, Jose Aquino, Paul Wheatley-Price, David J Stewart
50 Background: The Ottawa Hospital, serving a population of 1.2 million across a large geographic area, redesigned its regional lung cancer diagnosis and patient intake process using a systems approach. Although having a strong record of excellent coordinated care, recent challenges had created strains on delivery metrics. Prior to the implementation of the project (October 2014), it took patients a range of 15 - 225 days to get from a referral with a suspicion of lung cancer to initial treatment, with a 90(th) percentile of 117 days...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152722/integrating-lean-six-sigma-in-the-daily-operations-of-an-icu-to-achieve-safe-quality-patient-care
#19
Jacqueline Magurn, Joanne McGovern, Michelle Jetter, Sarah Beadling, Dorothy Gregoire
230 Background: Developing and maintaining a culture of safety and quality in delivering patient care is critical in the intensive care unit (ICU) especially an oncology ICU. Incorporating the Lean Six Sigma program into daily operations of the ICU achieves, simplifies, and sustains continuous improvement in the delivery of safe quality patient care. This program engages the ICU team through visual management of quality, safety, and budget indicators including medication scanning, falls, sharps exposure, infection prevention including blood stream, catheter, hospital and ventilator acquired pneumonias, venous embolism prevention, and staffing compliance...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120855/the-beneficial-effects-of-aerobic-and-concurrent-training-on-metabolic-profile-and-body-composition-after-detraining-a-1-year-follow-up-in-postmenopausal-women
#20
F E Rossi, T A Diniz, L M Neves, A C S Fortaleza, J Gerosa-Neto, D S Inoue, C Buonani, J M Cholewa, F S Lira, I F Freitas
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Aerobic and concurrent training (CT, aerobic and strength training) improves body composition and metabolic profile; however, it is not known whether these positive outcomes acquired after aerobic or CT are maintained long term (⩾6 months) after program interruption in postmenopausal women. This study investigated the changes in total and appendicular body composition, bone mineral density and metabolic profile following 16 weeks of aerobic or CT, and through 6 months and 1 year of detraining in postmenopausal women...
January 25, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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