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Otitis media

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050087/-study-on-the-correlation-between-meteorological-factors-and-acute-otitis-media-in-outpatients-of-children-in-beijing
#1
Y X Lu, J Q Liang, Q L Gu, X M Yu, X Yan
Objective: To explore the characteristics of acute otitis media(AOM) in children in Beijing and its correlation with meteorological factors. Methods: Data were collected in 2011-2013 in the Otolaryngology Department of Capital Institute of Pediatrics. AOM in children with relevant information, such as age, sex and season, with the same period of the Beijing municipal meteorological data (the average temperature, average pressure, average wind speed, humidity and PM2.5) were compared to analysis the relationship of meteorological environmental parameters and the onset of AOM in children...
October 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040145/neutrophil-lymphocyte-and-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-for-the-effusion-viscosity-in-otitis-media
#2
Satvinder Singh Bakshi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039751/a-review-expression-of-aquaporins-in-otitis-media
#3
REVIEW
Su Young Jung, Sung Su Kim, Young Il Kim, Sang Hoon Kim, Seung Geun Yeo
Otitis media (OM) refers to inflammatory diseases of the middle ear (ME), regardless of cause or pathological mechanism. Among the molecular biological studies assessing the pathology of OM are investigations of the expression of aquaporins (AQPs) in the ME and Eustachian tube (ET). To date, fifteen studies have evaluated AQPs expression in the ME and ET. Although the expression of individual AQPs varies by species and model, eleven types of AQP, AQP1 to AQP11, were found to be expressed in mammalian ME and ET...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039253/stakeholder-driven-quality-improvement-a-compelling-force-for-clinical-practice-guidelines
#4
Richard M Rosenfeld, Peter C Wyer
Clinical practice guideline development should be driven by rigorous methodology, but what is less clear is where quality improvement enters the process: should it be a priority-guiding force, or should it enter only after recommendations are formulated? We argue for a stakeholder-driven approach to guideline development, with an overriding goal of quality improvement based on stakeholder perceptions of needs, uncertainties, and knowledge gaps. In contrast, the widely used topic-driven approach, which often makes recommendations based only on randomized controlled trials, is driven by epidemiologic purity and evidence rigor, with quality improvement a downstream consideration...
October 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039160/influenza-vaccines-for-preventing-acute-otitis-media-in-infants-and-children
#5
REVIEW
Mohd N Norhayati, Jacqueline J Ho, Mohd Y Azman
BACKGROUND: Acute otitis media (AOM) is one of the most common infectious diseases in children. It has been reported that 64% of infants have an episode of AOM by the age of six months and 86% by one year. Although most cases of AOM are due to bacterial infection, it is commonly triggered by a viral infection. In most children AOM is self limiting, but it does carry a risk of complications. Since antibiotic treatment increases the risk of antibiotic resistance, influenza vaccines might be an effective way of reducing this risk by preventing the development of AOM...
October 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038860/the-role-of-subtotal-petrosectomy-in-cochlear-implant-recipients
#6
Xabier Altuna, Leire García, Zuriñe Martínez, Mercedes Fernández de Pinedo
Describe the indications and outcome of subtotal petrosectomy for cochlear implant recipients. Tertiary care referral center. This is a retrospective study of all subtotal petrosectomies and cochlear implants performed between January 2012 and December 2014. We review the charts of these patients collecting the following data: age, gender, otologic history, audiologic tests, indication of subtotal petrosectomy, data of surgery, surgical and immediate complications, late complications and follow-up of for at least 2...
October 16, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038714/ear-diseases-and-factors-associated-with-ear-infections-among-the-elderly-attending-hospital-in-arar-city-northern-saudi-arabia
#7
Naif Gharbi Alenezi, Abdulmajeed Ahmed Alenazi, Yahia Abdelgawad Elsayed Elboraei, Abdulrhman Ahmed Alenazi, Tariq Hulayyil Alanazi, Anwar Khalid Alruwaili, Abdulrahman Sulaiman Alanazi, Bader Khalid Alruwaili, Abdulelah Farhan Alanazi
BACKGROUND: Changes in the anatomical structures and function of the ear can result in ear diseases, and may affect all age groups including the elderly as a result of aging. OBJECTIVE: To identify the frequency and types of ear diseases among the elderly attending Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz bin Musa'ed Al Saud hospital, Arar city, in the Northern Province of KSA, and factors associated with ear infections among them. METHODS: This cross-sectional hospital based study conducted from December 2016 through May 2017 included 138 elderly participants...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037099/eosinophilic-otitis-media-diagnosis-using-flow-cytometric-immunophenotyping
#8
Issam Saliba, Musaed Alzahrani, Xiaoduan Weng, Alain Bestavros
OBJECTIVES: (1) To assess the ability of flow cytometric immunophenotyping to detect and quantitate eosinophils in patients with eosinophilic otitis media (EOM). (2) to evaluate the association of EOM to bronchial asthma. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with chronic otorrhea or middle ear effusion (MEE) were included in this prospective cohort study. Group I composed of 10 patients (14 ears) and associated to bronchial asthma. Group II included 11 patients (11 ears) without bronchial asthma...
October 16, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034852/comparison-of-direct-plating-and-broth-enrichment-culture-methods-for-detection-of-potential-bacterial-pathogens-in-respiratory-secretions
#9
Ravinder Kaur, Jareth Wischmeyer, Matthew Morris, Michael E Pichichero
OBJECTIVE: We compared the recovery of potential respiratory bacterial pathogens and normal flora from nasopharyngeal specimens collected from children during health and at the onset of acute otitis media (AOM) by selective direct-plating and overnight broth-enrichment. METHODS: Overall, 3442 nasal wash (NW) samples collected from young children were analysed from a 10-year prospective study. NWs were cultured by (1) direct-plating to TSAII/5 % sheep blood agar and chocolate agar plates and (2) overnight broth-enrichment in BacT/ALERT SA-broth followed by plating...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034850/pseudomonas-aeruginosa-variants-obtained-from-veterinary-clinical-samples-reveal-a-role-for-cyclic-di-gmp-in-biofilm-formation-and-colony-morphology
#10
Maria T Brock, Galya C Fedderly, Grace I Borlee, Michael M Russell, Liliana K Filipowska, Doreene R Hyatt, Ryan A Ferris, Bradley R Borlee
Overuse of antibiotics is contributing to an emerging antimicrobial resistance crisis. To better understand how bacteria adapt tolerance and resist antibiotic treatment, Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates obtained from infection sites sampled from companion animals were collected and evaluated for phenotypic differences. Selected pairs of clonal isolates were obtained from individual infection samples and were assessed for antibiotic susceptibility, cyclic di-GMP levels, biofilm production, motility and genetic-relatedness...
October 16, 2017: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033123/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-otitis-media-with-effusion-codepeh-recommendations
#11
Faustino Núñez-Batalla, Carmen Jáudenes-Casaubón, Jose Miguel Sequí-Canet, Ana Vivanco-Allende, Jose Zubicaray-Ugarteche
The incidence and the prevalence rates of otitis media with effusion (OME) are high. However, there is evidence that only a minority of professionals follow the recommendations provided in clinical practice guidelines. For the purpose of improving diagnosis and treatment of OME in children to prevent and/or reduce its impact on children's development, the Commission for the Early Detection of Deafness (CODEPEH) has deeply reviewed the scientific literature on this field and has drafted a document of recommendations for a correct clinical reaction to of OME, including diagnosis and medical and surgical treatment methodology...
October 13, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029129/a-visual-review-of-the-human-pathogen-streptococcus-pneumoniae
#12
Ditte Høyer Engholm, Mogens Kilian, David S Goodsell, Ebbe Sloth Andersen, Rikke Schmidt Kjærgaard
Being the principal causative agent of bacterial pneumonia, otitis media, meningitis and septicemia, the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major global health problem. To highlight the molecular basis of this problem, we have portrayed essential biological processes of the pneumococcal life cycle in eight watercolor paintings. The paintings are done to a consistent nanometer scale based on currently available data from structural biology and proteomics. In this review article, the paintings are used to provide a visual review of protein synthesis, carbohydrate metabolism, cell wall synthesis, cell division, teichoic acid synthesis, virulence, transformation and pilus synthesis based on the available scientific literature within the field of pneumococcal biology...
October 5, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028980/influenza-among-young-children-in-bangladesh-clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Elizabeth Rotrosen, K Zaman, Jodi Feser, Justin R Ortiz, Doli Goswami, Amina Tahia Sharmeen, Mustafizur Rahman, Kristen D C Lewis, Md Ziaur Rahman, Burc Barin, W Abdullah Brooks, Kathleen M Neuzil
Background: Influenza causes substantial morbidity in children worldwide, although influenza vaccine is seldom used in low-resource settings. More information on the clinical presentation of influenza and the efficacy of vaccine is needed to inform policy. Methods: In 2013 we conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial of live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) in children aged 24-59 months in Bangladesh (N = 1761). If participants met prespecified specimen collection criteria, we collected nasopharyngeal washes for testing by singleplex reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for laboratory-confirmed influenza virus infection (LCI)...
October 6, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025832/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-training-community-health-workers-in-ear-and-hearing-care-in-malawi-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Wakisa Mulwafu, Hannah Kuper, Asgaut Viste, Frederik K Goplen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and acceptability of training community health workers (CHWs) in ear and hearing care, and their ability to identify patients with ear and hearing disorders. DESIGN: Cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT). SETTING: Health centres in Thyolo district, Malawi. PARTICIPANTS: Ten health centres participated, 5 intervention (29 CHWs) and 5 control (28 CHWs). INTERVENTION: Intervention CHWs received 3 days of training in primary ear and hearing care, while among control CHWs, training was delayed for 6 months...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021451/otitis-media-with-anca-associated-vasculitis-a-new-concept-and-the-associated-criteria
#15
Yusuke Kobari, Tasuku Nagasawa
A previously healthy 77-year-old Japanese man presented with a 2-week history of daily fevers peaking at 38°C, chills, hearing loss, and almost 10 kg of unintentional weight loss over 2 months. Pure tone audiometry showed mixed conductive-sensorineural hearing loss: right, 63.6 dB, left, 80.0 dB. Blood tests after admission showed a high myeloperoxidase-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (MPO-ANCA) level (>300 U/mL), so we suspected ANCA-related vasculitis. The Japanese Otorhinolaryngology Society has recently been advocating the concept of otitis media with ANCA-associated vasculitis (OMAAV)...
October 11, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020218/pan-serotype-reduction-in-progression-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-to-otitis-media-after-rollout-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccines
#16
Joseph A Lewnard, Noga Givon-Lavi, Daniel M Weinberger, Marc Lipsitch, Ron Dagan
Background: Reductions in otitis media (OM) burden following rollout of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) have exceeded predictions of vaccine impact. In settings with active surveillance, reductions in OM caused by vaccine-targeted pneumococcal serotypes have co-occurred with reductions in OM caused by other pathogens carried in the upper-respiratory tract of children. To understand these changes, we investigated the progression of vaccine-targeted and non-vaccine pneumococcal serotypes from carriage to OM before and after vaccine rollout...
July 29, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018496/surgical-treatment-of-acquired-atresia-of-the-external-auditory-ear-canal
#17
Valerie Droessaert, Robby Vanspauwen, Erwin Offeciers, Andrzej Zarowski, Joost van Dinther, Thomas Somers
Introduction  Acquired atresia of the external auditory canal is characterized by the formation of fibrous tissue in the medial part. The causes include chronic otitis externa, perforated chronic otitis media, postoperative or idiopathic healing problems. Acquired atresia presents with hearing loss and can be associated with otorrhea. Objective  We analyzed the results of surgery after six months and two years by checking (1) pre- and postoperative hearing thresholds; (2) presence of otorrhea; and (3) whether a dry and patent ear canal is achieved...
October 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016581/bacteriological-study-of-otitis-media-and-its-antibiotic-susceptibility-pattern
#18
Rabina Basnet, Sudarshan Sharma, Jid Chani Rana, Pradeep Kumar Shah
BACKGROUND: Otitis Media is a prevailing and notorious infection in developing countries causing serious local damage and threating complication. Mainly in developing countries like Nepal, Otitis Media results because of illiteracy, poverty and poor hygiene. The aim of this study was to determine the profile of Otitis Media, its causative agents and their antibiotic susceptibility pattern. METHODS: The study included 263 pus samples from 240 patients attending ENT department of Bharatpur hospital from May 2015 to January 2016...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994723/middle-ear-prosthesis-with-bactericidal-efficacy-in-vitro-investigation
#19
Magdalena Ziąbka, Michał Dziadek, Elżbieta Menaszek, Rafał Banasiuk, Aleksandra Królicka
Materials used in ossicular replacement prostheses must possess appropriate biological properties, such as biocompatibility, stability, no cytotoxicity. Due to the risk of infection (otitis media and chronic otitis media), it is desirable to use an antibacterial agent for illness prevention during the ossicular reconstruction. The goal of this work was to observe biological properties of a new composite prosthesis made of ABS containing silver nanoparticles (AgNPs 45T). Samples for biological tests and then a prototype of middle ear prosthesis were prepared using injection moulding and extrusion techniques...
October 10, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994490/computed-tomographic-findings-in-205-dogs-with-clinical-signs-compatible-with-middle-ear-disease-a-retrospective-study
#20
Audrey Belmudes, Charline Pressanti, Paul Y Barthez, Eloy Castilla-Castaño, Lionel Fabries, Marie C Cadiergues
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) is considered to be the reference method to evaluate middle ear structures. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the presence and severity of CT changes in the middle ear and establish if any specific clinical presentations are associated with otitis media. ANIMALS: Medical records of animals referred for CT with history and clinical signs consistent with middle ear disease. METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of CT examinations of tympanic bullae performed over a six year period...
October 10, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
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