keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Otitis media

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807086/oral-steroids-alone-or-followed-by-intranasal-steroids-versus-watchful-waiting-in-the-management-of-otitis-media-with-effusion
#1
A Hussein, H Fathy, S M Amin, N Elsisy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of oral steroids alone or followed by intranasal steroids versus watchful waiting on the resolution of otitis media with effusion in children aged 2-11 years. METHODS: A total of 290 children with bilateral otitis media with effusion were assigned to 3 groups: group A was treated with oral steroids followed by intranasal steroids, group B was treated with oral steroids alone and group C was managed with watchful waiting. Patients were evaluated with audiometry and tympanometry...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807075/relationship-between-chronic-otitis-media-with-effusion-and-overweight-or-obesity-in-children
#2
S Kaya, E Selimoğlu, S Cureoğlu, M A Selimoğlu
OBJECTIVES: Otitis media with effusion and obesity are both common in childhood and might share some immunological alterations. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between chronic otitis media with effusion and childhood overweight or obesity, including the potential effects of adenoid or tonsillar hypertrophy on that relationship. METHODS: This study included 60 children with chronic otitis media with effusion and 86 healthy children aged from 2 to 10 years...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806779/a-mutation-in-nischarin-causes-otitis-media-via-limk1-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathways
#3
Michael Crompton, Tom Purnell, Hayley E Tyrer, Andrew Parker, Greg Ball, Rachel E Hardisty-Hughes, Richard Gale, Debbie Williams, Charlotte H Dean, Michelle M Simon, Ann-Marie Mallon, Sara Wells, Mahmood F Bhutta, Martin J Burton, Hilda Tateossian, Steve D M Brown
Otitis media (OM), inflammation of the middle ear (ME), is a common cause of conductive hearing impairment. Despite the importance of the disease, the aetiology of chronic and recurrent forms of middle ear inflammatory disease remains poorly understood. Studies of the human population suggest that there is a significant genetic component predisposing to the development of chronic OM, although the underlying genes are largely unknown. Using N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea mutagenesis we identified a recessive mouse mutant, edison, that spontaneously develops a conductive hearing loss due to chronic OM...
August 14, 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802389/cholesteatoma-as-a-complication-of-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-of-the-temporal-bone-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-analysis
#4
Jonathan C Simmonds, Mark Vecchiotti
OBJECTIVE: To determine if patients with Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) of the temporal bone have a higher risk of developing cholesteatoma. METHODS: Review of literature and cross-sectional weighted analysis of patients under 19 with a diagnosis of LCH from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) and Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) from 2000 to 2013. ICD-9 codes and demographics were analyzed; pairwise comparisons and multivariate analyses were performed. RESULTS: Only seven cases of cholesteatoma after the treatment for LCH of the temporal bone have been documented in the literature...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802377/an-innovative-approach-to-improve-ear-nose-and-throat-surgical-access-for-remote-living-cape-york-indigenous-children
#5
Susan P Jacups, Denise Newman, Deborah Dean, Ann Richards, Kate M McConnon
INTRODUCTION: On a background of high rates of severe otitis media (OM) with associated hearing loss, children from the Torres Strait and Cape York region requiring ear, nose and throat (ENT) surgery, faced waiting times exceeding three years. After numerous clinical safety incidents were raised, indicating a failure of the current system to deliver appropriate care, the governing Hospital and Health service opted to deliver surgical care through an alternate process. ENT surgeries were performed on 16 consented children from two remote locations via the private health care system, funded by a health provider partnership...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802367/impact-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccines-on-otitis-media-a-review-of-measurement-and-interpretation-challenges
#6
REVIEW
Ivo Vojtek, Marcus Nordgren, Bernard Hoet
Acute otitis media (AOM) is among the most frequent childhood diseases and is caused by various bacterial and viral etiological agents. In this article, we provide an overview of published studies assessing the impact of higher-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) on AOM. In some instances, reports of PCV impact on complications of AOM have been included. While randomized controlled trials (RCTs) allow for the most precise assessment of vaccine efficacy against AOM, observational studies provide answers to questions regarding the public health value of these vaccines in real-life settings...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802356/intracranial-complications-of-csom-in-pediatric-patients-a-persisting-problem-in-developing-countries
#7
Avani Jain, Nikhil Arora, Ravi Meher, J C Passey, Ramanuj Bansal
BACKGROUND: Intracranial complications (ICC) of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) occur even in the antibiotic area. These complications are commonly seen in pediatric patients due to poor hygiene and low immunity. They are more prevalent in developing countries due to illiteracy, low socioeconomic status and lack of access to health care facilities. OBJECTIVE: To study the incidence, clinical profile, treatment and outcome of pediatric patients presenting with intracranial complications of chronic suppurative otitis media...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799140/management-of-labyrinthine-fistula-hearing-preservation-versus-prevention-of-residual-disease
#8
S Geerse, M J F de Wolf, F A Ebbens, E van Spronsen
The objective of the study was to evaluate postoperative hearing and disease control after cholesteatoma surgery for labyrinthine fistulas. In a retrospective cohort study, we evaluated a consecutive cohort comprising 44 patients (45 ears) with labyrinthine fistulas associated with chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma who underwent surgery between 2002 and 2015. We looked at patient characteristics, pre- and postoperative bone conduction thresholds (BCT), operative approach and findings, extent of disease and the occurrence of residual disease...
August 10, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797141/butterfly-cartilage-tympanoplasty-long-term-results-excellent-treatment-method-in-small-and-medium-sized-perforations
#9
Isa Kaya, Murat Benzer, Mustafa Uslu, Cem Bilgen, Tayfun Kirazli
Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate and report the long-term results of the butterfly cartilage tympanoplasty. Short-term and long-term hearing outcomes were compared according to age and perforation location as well. Methods: Ninety-three patients who were diagnosed with noncomplicated chronic otitis media and underwent microscopic transcanal butterfly cartilage tympanoplasty due to anterior, posterior, and central tympanic membrane perforation were included...
August 12, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796849/neutrophil-extracellular-traps-and-fibrin-in-otitis-media-analysis-of-human-and-chinchilla-temporal-bones
#10
Patricia A Schachern, Geeyoun Kwon, David E Briles, Patricia Ferrieri, Steven Juhn, Sebahattin Cureoglu, Michael M Paparella, Vladimir Tsuprun
Background: Bacterial resistance in acute otitis can result in bacterial persistence and biofilm formation, triggering chronic and recurrent infections. Objective: To investigate the middle ear inflammatory response to bacterial infection in human and chinchilla temporal bones. Design, Setting, and Participants: Six chinchillas underwent intrabullar inoculations with 0.5 mL of 106 colony-forming units (CFUs) of Streptococcus pneumoniae, serotype 2...
August 10, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795503/can-vitamin-d-supplementation-prevent-chronic-otitis-media-with-effusion
#11
EDITORIAL
Peter Bergman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790141/prognostic-factors-for-treatment-failure-in-acute-otitis-media
#12
Paula A Tähtinen, Miia K Laine, Aino Ruohola
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Antimicrobial treatment is effective in the management of acute otitis media (AOM), but approximately half of the children may recover without antimicrobial agents. By identifying patients who may not require antimicrobial treatment for the management of AOM, the use of antimicrobial agents could be substantially reduced. Our aim was to identify subgroups of children with AOM who would benefit most from antimicrobial treatment and children who could be suitable for initial observation...
August 8, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774486/histopathology-of-tympanic-membranes-from-patients-with-ventilation-tubes
#13
Mehmet Faruk Oktay, Hasan Deniz Tansuker, Hisaki Fukushima, Michael M Paparella, Patricia A Schachern, Sebahattin Cureoglu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the histopathologic changes in tympanic membranes (TMs) with ventilation tubes (VTs). METHODS: In this retrospective human temporal bone study our overall study group included 4 subgroups of TMs from deceased donors as follows: 24 with a history of VT insertion for chronic otitis media with effusion (COME-VT); 5 with a history of VT insertion for Meniere's disease (MD-VT); 33 without a history of VT insertion for chronic otitis media with effusion (COME); and 14 without a history of VT insertion for Meniere's disease (MD)...
July 31, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768669/immunogenicity-of-nontypeable-haemophilus-influenzae-outer-membrane-vesicles-and-protective-ability-in-the-chinchilla-model-of-otitis-media
#14
Linda E Winter, Stephen J Barenkamp
Outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) produced by Gram-negative bacteria are enriched in several outer membrane components, including major and minor outer membrane proteins and lipooligosaccharide. We assessed the functional activity of nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) OMV-specific antisera and the protective ability of NTHi OMVs as vaccine antigens in the chinchilla otitis media model. OMVs were purified from three HMW1/HMW2-expressing NTHi strains, two of which were also engineered to overexpress Hia proteins...
August 2, 2017: Clinical and Vaccine Immunology: CVI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765137/childhood-respiratory-illness-presentation-and-service-utilisation-in-primary-care-a-six-year-cohort-study-in-wellington-new-zealand-using-natural-language-processing-nlp-software
#15
Anthony Dowell, Ben Darlow, Jayden Macrae, Maria Stubbe, Nikki Turner, Lynn McBain
OBJECTIVES: To identify childhood respiratory tract-related illness presentation rates and service utilisation in primary care by interrogating free text and coded data from electronic medical records. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. Data interrogation used a natural language processing software inference algorithm. SETTING: 36 primary care practices in New Zealand. Data analysed from January 2008 to December 2013. PARTICIPANTS: The records from 77 582 children enrolled were reviewed over a 6-year period to estimate the presentation of childhood respiratory illness and service utilisation...
August 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764189/comparison-of-efficacy-and-safety-of-cefpodoxime-and-amoxicillin-clavulanate-potassium-in-paediatric-acute-otitis-media-in-children-below-two-years-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#16
Arijit Ghosh, Sayan Chatterjee
INTRODUCTION: Acute Otitis Media (AOM) is one of the frequently diagnosed diseases in children below two years. Amoxicillin-clavulanate potassium is the first line drug in treatment of Paediatric AOM (PAOM). Cefpodoxime has good antimicrobial activity against various types of microorganisms that include causative microorganisms of PAOM. AIM: To compare the efficacy and safety of cefpodoxime and amoxicillin-clavulanate potassium for the treatment of PAOM in children below two years...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763425/frequency-of-acute-otitis-media-in-children-under-24-months-of-age-before-and-after-the-introduction-of-the-10-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-into-the-national-immunization-program-in-chile
#17
Andrés Rosenblut, Macarena Rosenblut, Karen García, Ximena Maul
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus pneumoniae is the leading cause of acute otitis media (AOM). Pneumococcal non-typable Haemophilus influenzae Protein D Conjugate Vaccine (PCV-10) was introduced to the Chilean national immunization program (NIP) in 2011. The aim of this study was to estimate the frequency of AOM in children < 24 months of age attending the Emergency Department (ED) of Hospital Sótero del Río (HSR) 4 years before and 4 years after the introduction of PCV-10 in the Chilean NIP...
July 31, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761581/extended-release-guaifenesin-pseudoephedrine-hydrochloride-for-symptom-relief-in-support-of-a-wait-and-see-approach-for-the-treatment-of-acute-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#18
Edward J Septimus, Helmut H Albrecht, Gail Solomon, Tim Shea, Eric P Guenin
BACKGROUND: Despite the well-known fact that antibiotics (AB) are not effective against viruses, many patients ask for - and all too often doctors provide - AB for treating URTIs. Over-prescribing of AB is one of the key causes for the development of bacterial resistance, which the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) calls "one of the world's most pressing public health problems". In addition to the CDC initiated "Get Smart About Antibiotics" campaign, focused on educating doctors the public about the importance of appropriate AB use, other programs tackling this problem include the development of new treatment paradigms...
2017: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760715/water-protection-after-tympanostomy-shepard-tubes-does-not-decrease-otorrhea-incidence-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
João Subtil, Ana Jardim, André Peralta Santos, João Araújo, José Saraiva, João Paço
INTRODUCTION: Myringotomy for tube insertion is the most common otologic surgery. Otorrhea is a frequent complication of this procedure and, to prevent it, most surgeons strongly recommend avoiding contact with water as this is thought to adversely impact on post-operative quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To understand the benefit of this recommendation. METHODS: Observational study - retrospective cohort study comparing the incidence of post-operative otorrhea and its impact on patients' quality of life, in two groups of patients comprising children under 10 years of age who underwent bilateral myringotomy and tube placement for chronic otitis media with effusion between May 2011 and May 2012...
July 17, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757935/cleft-palate-only-current-concepts
#20
L Tettamanti, A Avantaggiato, M Nardone, J Silvestre-Rangil, A Tagliabue
Cleft palate only (CPO) is one of the most common congenital malformations worldwide. The etiopathogenesis of CPO is not completely understood. Environmental factors, such as smoking, alcohol consumption, intake of drugs during pregnancy, advanced paternal age, have been demonstrated to be a risk of CPO, but conflicting results have also been published. Insufficient intake of folic acid during the pregnancy has been suggested to increase the risk for CPO. The demonstrated risk for siblings and the higher risk for monozygotic twins suggest a genetic etiopathogenesis for CPO...
January 2017: Oral & Implantology
keyword
keyword
1829
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"