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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210450/repercussions-of-intraalveolar-placement-of-combination-of-0-2-chlorhexidine-10-mg-metronidazole-gel-on-the-occurrence-of-dry-sockets-a-randomized-control-trial
#1
Jasleen Kaur, Rushik Raval, Anupam Bansal, Vinod Kumawat
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effects of intraalveolar placement of gel containing 0.2% chlorhexidine and 10gm of metronidazole on the incidence of alveolar osteitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 300 impacted third molars were extracted in 150 patients enrolled in this trial. In each subject a socket was randomly selected and packed to the crest of alveolar ridge with the gel. The contralateral socket was packed with placebo dressing. The occurrence of dry socket was assessed during 3rd and 5th postoperative days ...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190854/evaluation-of-diffusion-weighted-mr-imaging-as-a-technique-for-detecting-bone-marrow-edema-in-patients-with-osteitis-pubis
#2
Iclal Erdem Toslak, Bulent Cekic, Aysen Turk, Ali Eraslan, A Eda Parlak
PURPOSE: Our aims were to determine the feasibility of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) in the detection of bone marrow edema (BME) and explore the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) alterations in patients with osteitis pubis (OP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourty two consecutive patients clinically suspected to have athletic pubalgia and 31 control subjects were enrolled in the study. All subjects underwent diagnostic focused magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and DWI at b values of 0 and 600 s/mm(2)...
February 13, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187064/bacterial-osteomyelitis-or-nonbacterial-osteitis-in-children-a-study-involving-the-german-surveillance-unit-for-rare-diseases-in-childhood
#3
Veit Grote, Colen C G Silier, Agnes M Voit, Annette F Jansson
BACKGROUND: Although bacterial osteomyelitis (BO) is a commonly recognized diagnosis in pediatrics, it is often difficult to distinguish from nonbacterial osteitis (NBO). The goal of our study was to distinguish between the two disease entities and better define NBO. METHOD: Using the German Surveillance Unit for Rare Diseases in Childhood (Erhebungseinheit für Seltene Paediatrische Erkrankungen (ESPED) in Deutschland) this prospective study during a 5 five year period captured 657 patients at first diagnosis of either BO (n=378) or NBO (n=279) while analyzing epidemiologic, clinical and radiologic data...
December 13, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161232/-correctly-address-the-cause-of-hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis
#4
M Penel-Page, B Ben Said, A Phan, L Hees, C Hartmann-Merlin, S Girard, Y Gillet, A Belot
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare and severe syndrome usually associated with a cytotoxicity deficiency, which leads to an excess of immune response driven by activated macrophages and cytotoxic T cells. In children, HLH can be genetic, as part of a familial lymphohistiocytosis, or secondary: the most frequent causes are systemic-onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis, hematological malignancies, and severe infections, especially with Ebstein-Barr virus or leishmaniosis. We report on the case of a 3-year-old girl with no past medical history, who presented inaugural Pseudomonas aeruginosa maxillary osteitis, with secondary HLH...
February 1, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160411/active-synovitis-in-the-presence-of-osteitis-predicts-residual-synovitis-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-with-a-clinical-response-to-treatment
#5
Jun Fukae, Kazuhide Tanimura, Masato Isobe, Akemi Kitano, Mihoko Henmi, Maria Nakai, Yuko Aoki, Fumihiko Sakamoto, Akihiro Narita, Takeya Ito, Akio Mitsuzaki, Megumi Matsuhashi, Masato Shimizu, Tamotsu Kamishima, Tatsuya Atsumi, Takao Koike
AIM: To clarify the relationship between active synovitis/osteitis and subsequent residual synovitis (R-synovitis) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Three hundred and twenty finger joints of 16 patients with active RA at baseline (Disease Activity Score with 28 joints - erythrocyte sedimentation rate > 3.2) who subsequently achieved clinical low disease activity or remission afterwards were analyzed. Synovial vascularity (SV) was assessed according to a semi-quantitative ultrasound score (grades 0-3)...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155840/osteitis-in-the-course-of-pyodema-gangrenosum-case-raport
#6
Andrzej Kaźmierczak-Koćwin, Robert Pieczyrak, Damian Kusz, Eugeniusz Kucharz, Marcin Kusz
We present the case of a male patient admitted to the Department of Orthopaedics and Musculoskeletal Traumatology, Medical University of Silesia (MUS) in Katowice, due to a right hindfoot abscess with calcaneal infiltration and pain in the forehead and the back, with evidence of local inflammation. The patient had a history of ulcerative colitis and sclerosing cholangitis was suspected. During the hospital stay, the patient underwent calcaneal CT, surgery (resection of an inflammatory focus) and MRI of the thoracic and lumbosacral spine, which revealed inflamed spinous processes of the Th10, Th11 and Th12 vertebrae...
November 30, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137444/preliminary-results-of-the-induced-membrane-in-upper-limb-about-6-cases
#7
N M Anoumou, M Traoré, M Kouamé, A Yepié, G Varango
The aim of this study was to describe the preliminary results after reconstruction of segmental bone defects (SBDs) in the upper limb of six patients. This retrospective study included three men and three women with an average age of 35years (range 18-62years), who had four primary and two secondary SBDs. The average length of the SBD was 4.5 cm (2-10cm). According to the SOFCOT classification, type I (1 case), type II (4 cases) and type III (1 case) defects were identified. The reconstruction involved the humerus in two cases and the forearm bones in four cases...
February 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134079/development-and-validation-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-magnetic-resonance-imaging-inflammation-thresholds-associated-with-lack-of-damage-progression
#8
Joshua F Baker, Mikkel Østergaard, Paul Emery, Daniel G Baker, Philip G Conaghan
OBJECTIVES: To determine thresholds for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) magnetic resonance imaging scores (RAMRIS) associated with a low risk of structural damage progression. METHODS: MRI of the dominant hand was performed and RAMRIS scores determined at weeks 0, 24, and 52. X-rays were performed and van der Heijde-Sharp scores (vdHS) determined. In a development cohort (n=297) the changes in MRI erosion score and vdHS score were determined over the 24-week to 52-week interval and progression was defined as change >0...
January 27, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128085/antiphospholipid-syndrome-with-anti%C3%AE-2glicoprotein-1-antibodies-as-the-cause-of-recurrent-tibial-vein-thrombosis-in-sapho-syndrome
#9
Hanna Przepiera-Będzak, Marek Brzosko
The antiphospholipid antibody syndrome is defined by the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies in patients with recurrent venous or arterial thromboembolism (1). SAPHO syndrome is a rare disease, characterized by specific clinical manifestations of synovitis, acne pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis. It is a disease that manifests with a combination of osseous and articular manifestations associated with skin lesions (2). Venous thrombosis complicating SAPHO syndrome seems to be uncommon with an unclear pathogenesis (3-9)...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123909/skeletal-pathology-and-variable-anatomy-in-elephant-feet-assessed-using-computed-tomography
#10
Sophie Regnault, Jonathon J I Dixon, Chris Warren-Smith, John R Hutchinson, Renate Weller
Foot problems are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in elephants, but are underreported due to difficulties in diagnosis, particularly of conditions affecting the bones and internal structures. Here we evaluate post-mortem computer tomographic (CT) scans of 52 feet from 21 elephants (seven African Loxodonta africana and 14 Asian Elephas maximus), describing both pathology and variant anatomy (including the appearance of phalangeal and sesamoid bones) that could be mistaken for disease. We found all the elephants in our study to have pathology of some type in at least one foot...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093636/non-surgical-treatment-of-pubic-overload-and-groin-pain-in-amateur-football-players-a-prospective-double-blinded-randomised-controlled-study
#11
M Schöberl, L Prantl, O Loose, J Zellner, P Angele, F Zeman, M Spreitzer, M Nerlich, W Krutsch
PURPOSE: The incidence of groin pain in athletes is steadily increasing. Symptomatic pubic overload with groin pain and aseptic osteitis pubis represent well-known and frequently misdiagnosed overuse injuries in athletes. This study investigated the benefits of standardised non-surgical treatment for swift return-to-football. METHODS: In a prospective double-blinded controlled study, 143 amateur football players with groin pain as well as radiological signs and clinical symptoms of pubic overload were analysed for 1 year...
January 16, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081583/-early-results-of-adjuvant-topical-treatment-of-recurrent-osteomyelitis-with-absorbable-antibiotic-carriers
#12
Y Gramlich, G Walter, J Gils, R Hoffmann
Background Treatment of musculoskeletal infections principally consists of radical surgical debridement and systemic administration of antibiotics. Additional local antibiotic therapy is not yet generally established, and lacks evidence-based proof of efficacy. Nonetheless, there are a variety of practical approaches, as most specialised departments are unwilling to forego this option. The established polymethylmetacrylate (PMMA) carrier system has a number of practical disadvantages. This has led to the increased use of absorbable carrier systems, and those based on calcium sulphate have given particularly encouraging results...
January 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072711/the-coexistence-of-sapho-syndrome-and-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-case-report
#13
Wenrui Xu, Chen Li, Weihong Zhang
RATIONAL: SAPHO (Synovitis-Acne-Pustulosis-Hyperstosis-Osteitis) syndrome is a rare disease featured by its dermatological and osteoarthritic disorders, the latter of which mainly affecting the anterior chest wall, spine, and sacroiliac joint. However, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease, mainly affecting the synovial tissue of small joints in hands and feet. Here, we present an extremely rare case diagnosed with both SAPHO syndrome and RA, with an onset interval of 10 years...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066748/the-use-of-platelet-rich-plasma-to-augment-conservative-and-surgical-treatment-of-hip-and-pelvic-disorders
#14
REVIEW
Matthew J Kraeutler, Tigran Garabekyan, Omer Mei-Dan
BACKGROUND: In recent years, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) has gained popularity within the orthopaedic community as a treatment modality to enhance tissue healing. PURPOSE: This review aims to concisely present the current indications for PRP injections in the treatment of hip and pelvic pathologies and to describe some novel applications for PRP which have not yet been reported in the literature. METHODS: We reviewed the literature on the non-operative and operative indications for PRP in the treatment of hip and pelvic pathologies...
July 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026738/-infectious-inflammation-of-pubic-symphysis-symphysitis-pubis-purulenta-five-case-reports-and-literature-view
#15
F Fridrich, V Báča, V Džupa
Purulent inflammation of the pubic symphysis is a rare condition involving the symphysis and parasymphyseal parts of the pubic bones. It is usually found in immuno-compromised patients and its most frequent cause is Staphylococcus aureus. Conservative treatment is based on long-term administration of antibiotics and has been efficient, as reported, in about 50% of the patients. The authors treated five patients with a late diagnosis of purulent infection of the pubic symphysis in whom the antibiotic therapy had to be completed by surgical intervention...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004967/the-value-of-the-t2-weighted-multipoint-dixon-sequence-in-mri-of-sacroiliac-joints-for-the-diagnosis-of-active-and-chronic-sacroiliitis
#16
Ali Özgen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the value of the T2-weighted multipoint Dixon technique as a single sequence in MRI of the sacroiliac joints for the diagnosis of active and chronic sacroiliitis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The T2-weighted multipoint Dixon sequence with water-only, in-phase, opposed-phase, and fat-only images was added to a routine MRI protocol, which included T1-weighted, fat-saturated T2-weighted, and contrast-enhanced fat-saturated T1-weighted sequences, for imaging 73 patients...
December 22, 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993538/sapho-syndrome-in-childhood-a-case-report
#17
Manuel Vargas Pérez, Belén Sevilla Pérez
The acronym of SAPHO syndrome (synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis and osteitis) combines a cluster of cutaneous and musculoskeletal manifestations, such as hyperostosis of bones of the anterior chest wall associated with acne fulminans and hidradenitis suppurativa. There are no validated diagnostic criteria in children. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are not always sufficient, and the use of corticosteroids, disease-modifying agents, tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitors or bisphosphonates may be necessary...
December 16, 2016: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980326/cone-beam-computed-tomography-in-pre-surgical-assessment-of-mandibular-third-molars
#18
Patrick A Fee, Alison Wright, Claudia Cunningham
DesignMulticentre, randomised controlled clinical trial.InterventionPatients referred for third molar removal received a digital panoramic radiograph(PR). Adults with one or more lower third molars in a close relationship with the mandibular canal were eligible for the study. Patients randomised to the cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) group received a high resolution CBCT scan in addition to the PR. All lower third molar extractions were performed under local anaesthesia without sedation and without antibiotic prophylaxis...
December 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974302/short-term-changes-on-mri-predict-long-term-changes-on-radiography-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-an-analysis-by-an-omeract-task-force-of-pooled-data-from-four-randomised-controlled-trials
#19
Charles Peterfy, Vibeke Strand, Lu Tian, Mikkel Østergaard, Ying Lu, Julie DiCarlo, Peter Countryman, Atul Deodhar, Robert Landewé, Veena K Ranganath, Orrin Troum, Philip G Conaghan
OBJECTIVE: In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), MRI provides earlier detection of structural damage than radiography (X-ray) and more sensitive detection of intra-articular inflammation than clinical examination. This analysis was designed to evaluate the ability of early MRI findings to predict subsequent structural damage by X-ray. METHODS: Pooled data from four randomised controlled trials (RCTs) involving 1022 RA hands and wrists in early and established RA were analysed...
December 14, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936930/different-contributions-of-cdkal1-kif21b-and-lrrk2-muc19-polymorphisms-to-sapho-syndrome-rheumatoid-arthritis-ankylosing-spondylitis-and-seronegative-spondyloarthropathy
#20
Nan Li, Junfen Ma, Kai Li, Changlong Guo, Liang Ming
OBJECTIVES: Synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and seronegative spondyloarthropathy (SPA) are autoimmune diseases of unknown etiology, which share some clinical manifestations in common. Previous family-based investigations support genetic contributions to the susceptibility of these diseases. The current study evaluated whether three previously reported AS-associated single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs6908425 T>C in CDKAL1, rs11584383 T>C near KIF21B, and rs11175593 C>T near LRRK2/MUC19, have any genetic overlap across multiple autoimmune diseases including SAPHO syndrome, RA, AS, and SPA...
February 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
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