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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672809/sapho-and-crmo-the-value-of-imaging
#1
Anne Grethe Jurik, Rikke Fuglsang Klicman, Paolo Simoni, Philip Robinson, James Teh
The syndromes synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) and chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) constitute a group of chronic relapsing inflammatory osteoarticular disorders with frequently associated skin eruptions such as palmoplantar pustulosis and acne conglobata and rather characteristic imaging features in the form of osteitis and/or hyperostosis. CRMO predominantly occurs in children/adolescents and SAPHO in adults. Any skeletal site can be involved, and the imaging appearances vary, depending on the patient's age and the stage/age of the lesion...
April 2018: Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655872/-contribution-of-the-scrotal-flap-for-the-coverage-of-ischial-and-perineal-pressure-ulcers
#2
M Vantomme, R Viard, R Aimard, P-L Vincent, J-P Comparin, D Voulliaume
INTRODUCTION: The ischiatric pressure sore is a common pathology in rehabilitated spinal cord injured people, despite careful prevention. Medical treatment by discharge and directed healing is not always sufficient and surgery using local musculocutaneous flaps is often essential. Unfortunately, recidivism is frequent and the availability of local flaps is limited. The scrotal flap is an excellent complement to classic flaps, gluteal flaps or hamstrings. It can be used alone or in addition to another musculocutaneous flap, in first or second intention...
April 11, 2018: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652766/-chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-of-the-mandible-a-diagnostic-challenge
#3
Liliana Camison, Rick S Mai, Jesse A Goldstein, Bernard J Costello, Kathryn S Torok, Joseph E Losee
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is a rare autoinflammatory bone disorder of children and adolescents characterized by mono- or multi-focal inflammatory bone lesions that are culture-negative on biopsy, associated with periods of exacerbation and resolution that can last over several months to years. Although it is predominantly a disease of long bones and the spine, craniofacial involvement is not uncommon, affecting the mandible in up to a fifth of cases. Similarities with other etiologies of osteitis in clinical presentation and imaging, as well as the lack of specific symptoms or laboratory tests, make CRMO mainly a diagnosis of exclusion...
March 28, 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644292/serious-phlegmonous-lesion-of-the-hand-following-an-injury-by-vegetal-thorn-never-forget-pasteurella-multocida
#4
A Maleb, J Elmalki, O Bouayadi, Y Ben Lahlou, M Frikh, N Abdeljaouad, A Lemnouer, H Yacoubi, M Elouennass
Pasteurella multocida can cause serious infections after dog or cat bite. We report here a rare case of hand infection caused by P. multocida consecutive to an injury by a thorn of the prickly pear. It caused an amputation of the distal phalanx of the thumb in a trisomic patient. It is about a 27-year-old man who was admitted to the hospital with swelling and intense pain of the left hand. He reported a sting by a thorn of prickly pear 15 days before. The patient was admitted to proceed with operative irrigation and debridement...
February 2018: Trauma Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629438/influence-of-leukocyte-and-platelet-rich-fibrin-l-prf-on-the-outcomes-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molar-removal-surgery-a-split-mouth-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Povilas Daugela, Vaidas Grimuta, Dalius Sakavicius, Juozas Jonaitis, Gintaras Juodzbalys
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) on impacted mandibular third molar (IMTM) extraction wound healing, patient postoperative discomfort, and incidence of alveolar osteitis. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Thirty-four patients (20 female, 14 male) who met the inclusion criteria for this split-mouth randomized clinical trial were enrolled and 30 patients completed the study. Patients were randomized and underwent bilateral IMTM surgical extractions...
2018: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618877/infection-alveolar-osteitis-and-adverse-effects-using-metronidazole-in-healthy-patients-undergoing-third-molar-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Mario Alberto Isiordia-Espinoza, Othoniel H Aragon-Martinez, Ronell E Bollogna-Molina, Ángel J Alonso-Castro
Purpose: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the risk of surgical infection, alveolar osteitis, and adverse effects using systemic metronidazole in comparison with placebo in healthy patients undergoing third molar surgery. Materials and Methods: The eligible reports were identified from diverse science sources. Clinical trials meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria and an acceptable Oxford Quality Score were included in this study...
June 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618385/endoscopic-management-of-maxillary-sinus-inverted-papilloma-attachment-sites-to-minimize-disease-recurrence
#7
Vincent Wu, Jennifer Siu, Jonathan Yip, John M Lee
BACKGROUND: Inverted papillomas (IPs) are benign neoplasms, most commonly arising from the mucosal lining of the maxillary sinus. IPs can have single or multifocal sites of attachment. Although pedicle location is an important factor to consider in surgical planning, it is less clear whether the location or number of IP attachment sites hold any prognostic value. Herein, we aimed to determine the prognostic significance of the number and location of attachment sites of IPs originating from the maxillary sinus when managed by a pure endoscopic approach...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609668/radiopacities-of-the-jaws-interpretation-and-diagnosis
#8
David Andrew
General dental practitioners are less confident at diagnosing radiopaque lesions of the jaws than radiolucent ones, possibly because the incidence of jaw radiopacities is comparatively low. The current review covers the majority of radiopaque lesions that are referred for a specialist opinion, and focuses on those lesions that occur commonly or those that mimic other diagnoses. The majority of radiopaque jaw lesions represent normal anatomy/normal variants or superimposed soft tissue calcifications that are typically of no clinical significance...
March 1, 2018: Primary Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595277/-the-role-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-diagnostics-of-axial-spondyloarthritis
#9
Martin Žlnay
Axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) is a chronic inflammatory rheumatic disorder that primary affects axial skeleton. It comprises wide spectrum of patients with immune mediated spine inflammation, from early, so called non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis to clinically evident ankylosing spondylitis. Conventional radiography is still the cornerstone of diagnosis, evaluation and classification of SpA. However, it has limitations in early disease, because it can only depict the consequences of inflammation for its inability to visualize soft tissue abnormalities within bone marrow...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593877/refractory-hyperparathyroidism-with-a-t3-bony-lesion-differential-diagnoses
#10
Daniela W C Chan, Diana Moir, Richard Standish, Mark A Kotowicz
We report a case of severe hyperparathyroidism complicated by osteitis fibrosa cystica in an 83-year-old man post-myocardial infarction. The lesions were evident on magnetic resonance imaging only. A diagnosis of parathyroid carcinoma was considered due to clinical appearance of the parathyroid intraoperatively and the presence of an invasive T3 lesion mimicking metastatic disease. Differentiating parathyroid carcinoma from the benign causes at presentation can be difficult due to overlapping clinical, biochemical, radiological and histological features...
March 2018: Oxford Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590703/-osteitis-fibrosa-cystica-in-the-hand-a-rare-but-important-differential-diagnosis
#11
Rüdiger Spicher, Thomas Patzelt, Hans-Joachim Bauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568027/chlorhexidine-gel-to-prevent-alveolar-osteitis-following-mandibular-third-molar-extractions
#12
Marianne Dobson, Louisa Pillon, Ohsun Kwon, Nicola Innes
Data sourcesMedline/PubMed, Cochrane central, Scopus and Google scholar.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials (RCTs) published in English between January 2010 and December 2015 were identified by two reviewers. Unpublished studies were not considered.Data extraction and synthesisStandard Cochrane Collaboration assessment tools were used to carry out a risk of bias assessment. The following data were collected from the articles; sample size, country, mean age of participants, diagnosis of alveolar osteitis (AO), type of intervention and outcomes...
March 23, 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568017/the-use-of-chlorhexidine-in-the-prevention-of-alveolar-osteitis-after-third-molar-extractions
#13
Christopher Wright, Vinay Mistry, Joshua Smyth, Wei Ning Saik, Nicola Innes, Thomas Lamont
Data sourcesCochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Medline through PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, ISI Web of Science, Evidence-Based Dentistry, ClinicalTrials.gov, the European Union Clinical Trials Register, the Spanish General University Board database of doctoral theses in Spain (TESEO), the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) bibliographic databases, and the Spanish Medical Index (IME).Study selectionRandomised controlled trials (RCTs) (with or without placebo) of patients of any age or gender who underwent maxillary or mandibular third molar extractions...
March 23, 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561465/multifocal-osteitis-camouflaging-underlying-malignancy
#14
Narendra Kumar Bagri, Ankita Singh, Rachna Seth, A V Ramnan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556463/role-of-turmeric-in-management-of-alveolar-osteitis-dry-socket-a-randomised-clinical-study
#15
Parveen Akhter Lone, Syed Wakeel Ahmed, Vivek Prasad, Bashir Ahmed
Plants & their extracts have immense potential for the management or treatment of the wounds. The pyhto medicines for the wound healing are not only cheap & affordable but are purportedly safe as hypersensitivity reactions are rarely encountered with the use of these agents, these natural agents induce healing & regeneration of the lost tissue by multiple mechanisms Turmeric commonly is called as Haldi in Hindi. C Longa has been reported to possess anti bacterial, anti fungal & anti inflammatory activities...
January 2018: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531495/pustulotic-arthro-osteitis-sonozaki-syndrome-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#16
Reyhan Kose, Taskin Senturk, Gokhan Sargin, Songul Cildag, Yasemin Kara
Pustulotic arthro-osteitis (PAO) is a rare chronic inflammatory disease, which has now been classified as a seronegative spondyloarthritis. The sternoclavicular and sternocostal joints, pelvis, vertebra, hip, and long bones are affected. Skin findings of the disease are accepted as a variant of pustular psoriasis, but some authors have suggested that palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP) is a different entity. The synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome should be considered in the differential diagnosis...
February 2018: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524152/difficulties-in-identifying-the-bacterial-species-from-the-genus-clostridium-in-a-case-of-injury-related-osteitis
#17
REVIEW
Marta Kierzkowska, Piotr Pędzisz, Ireneusz Babiak, Jakub Janowicz, Mateusz Kulig, Anna Majewska, Anna Sawicka-Grzelak, Grażyna Młynarczyk
Most Clostridium species are part of saprophytic microflora in humans and animals; however, some are well-known human pathogens. We presented the challenges in identifying the Clostridium species isolated from a patient with an infected open dislocation of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the fourth digit of the right hand. The clinical materials were intraoperative samples collected from a patient diagnosed with an injury-related infection, with soft tissue loss and tendon sheath involvement. The available biochemical, molecular, and genetic techniques were used in identifying the isolated bacteria...
March 9, 2018: Folia Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519910/syphilis-the-great-pretender-when-is-cancer-not-cancer
#18
Neesha Rockwood, Nneka Nwokolo
The number of cases of syphilis continues to rise in the UK, USA and elsewhere and may present to a variety of clinical specialties. We report a complex case of early acquired disseminated syphilis causing an ulceronodular rash (lues maligna), orchitis, osteitis and lung nodules in an immunocompetent man who has sex with men who presented to the genitourinary medicine clinic. Syphilis should be considered in the differential diagnoses of multiple clinical presentations and optimal management should involve multidisciplinary care...
March 8, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504342/measure-of-frequency-of-alveolar-osteitis-using-two-different-methods-of-osteotomy-in-mandibular-third-molar-impactions-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Hina Rashid, Azmina Hussain, Abdul Hafeez Sheikh, Kehkishan Azam, Sofia Malik, Muhammad Amin
BACKGROUND: Dento-alveolar surgical procedures involving third molar teeth are the most common surgical procedure in the field of surgery. The objective of this research was to analyse the impact of surgery on the incidence of alveolar osteitis after surgical removal of mandibular third molar and to compare two different bone cutting methods following impacted mandibular third molar surgery.. METHODS: This double blinded randomized clinical trial was executed at the OPD of Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479474/mri-for-diagnosis-of-axial-spondyloarthritis-major-advance-with-critical-limitations-not-everything-that-glisters-is-gold-standard
#20
REVIEW
Cédric Lukas, Catherine Cyteval, Maxime Dougados, Ulrich Weber
Recognition of axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) remains challenging, as no unique reference standard is available to ascertain diagnosis. Imaging procedures have been used for long in the field, in particular pelvic radiography, to capture structural changes evocative of sacroiliitis, the key feature in SpA. The introduction of MRI of the sacroiliac joints (SIJs) has led to a major shift in recognition of the disorder. MRI has been shown to detect the initial inflammatory processes, in particular osteitis depicted by bone marrow oedema, even in patients having not yet developed structural lesions...
2018: RMD Open
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