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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429547/the-use-of-bone-turnover-markers-in-chronic-kidney-disease-mineral-and-bone-disorders
#1
Cherie Chiang
Bone turnover markers assist in fracture risk prediction, management and monitoring of osteoporosis in patients without chronic kidney disease (CKD). The use in CKD-mineral bone disorder (MBD) has been limited as many of these markers and breakdown products are renally excreted, including the most commonly used and well standardized procollagen type I N propeptide and C-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type I collagen. Of the markers unaffected by renal function, bone specific alkaline phosphatase is associated with mortality and fracture rate in CKD subjects and is now available on several automated analysers...
March 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412700/takayasu-arteritis-and-spondyloarthritis-coincidence-or-association-a-study-of-14-cases
#2
Elodie Rivière, Laurent Arnaud, Mikael Ebbo, Yannick Allanore, Pascal Claudepierre, Emmanuelle Dernis, Jean-Marc Ziza, Corinne Miceli-Richard, Peggy Philippe, Christophe Richez, Martin Soubrier, Rakiba Belkhir, Raphaèle Seror, Xavier Mariette, Stephan Pavy
OBJECTIVE: Spondyloarthritis (SpA) and Takayasu arteritis (TA) are 2 chronic inflammatory diseases; their coexistence in a single patient is uncommon. The aims of our study were to describe clinical features of patients having SpA associated with TA and to identify some characteristics of the types of patients with SpA associated with TA. We also analyzed treatments used in this context. METHODS: This French multicenter retrospective survey called for observations on behalf of the Club Rhumatismes et Inflammations, with a standardized questionnaire established by the investigators...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409098/endoscopic-rectus-abdominis-and-prepubic-aponeurosis-repairs-for-treatment-of-athletic-pubalgia
#3
Dean K Matsuda, Nicole A Matsuda, Rachel Head, Tanya Tivorsak
Review of the English orthopaedic literature reveals no prior report of endoscopic repair of rectus abdominis tears and/or prepubic aponeurosis detachment. This technical report describes endoscopic reattachment of an avulsed prepubic aponeurosis and endoscopic repair of a vertical rectus abdominis tear immediately after endoscopic pubic symphysectomy for coexistent recalcitrant osteitis pubis as a single-stage outpatient surgery. Endoscopic rectus abdominis repair and prepubic aponeurosis repair are feasible surgeries that complement endoscopic pubic symphysectomy for patients with concurrent osteitis pubis and expand the less invasive options for patients with athletic pubalgia...
February 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406129/prevention-of-alveolar-osteitis-after-third-molar-surgery-comparative-study-of-the-effect-of-warm-saline-and-chlorhexidine-mouth-rinses
#4
O D Osunde, C E Anyanechi, G O Bassey
BACKGROUND: Chlorhexidine mouth rinses have a proven efficacy for the prevention of alveolar osteitis after third molar surgery. This study compares the efficacy of warm saline rinse, a component of postextraction instructions, with that of chlorhexidine in our institution over a period of 2 years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Apparently healthy patients who were referred to the Oral Surgery Clinic of our institution, with an indication for surgical extraction of lower third molar were prospectively, consecutively, and uniformly randomized into warm saline and chlorhexidine groups...
April 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403046/bacterial-osteomyelitis-or-nonbacterial-osteitis-in-children-a-study-involving-the-german-surveillance-unit-for-rare-diseases-in-childhood
#5
MULTICENTER STUDY
Veit Grote, Colen C G Silier, Agnes M Voit, Annette F Jansson
BACKGROUND: Although bacterial osteomyelitis (BO) is a commonly recognized diagnosis in pediatrics, it is often difficult to distinguish from nonbacterial osteitis (NBO). The goal of our study was to distinguish between the 2 disease entities and better define NBO. METHODS: Using the German Surveillance Unit for Rare Diseases in Childhood (Erhebungseinheit für Seltene Paediatrische Erkrankungen in Deutschland), this prospective study during a 5-year period captured 657 patients at first diagnosis of either BO (n = 378) or NBO (n = 279) while analyzing epidemiologic, clinical and radiologic data...
May 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398508/examining-the-validity-of-the-rheumatoid-arthritis-magnetic-resonance-imaging-score-according-to-the-omeract-filter-a-systematic-literature-review
#6
Thasia G Woodworth, Olga Morgacheva, Olga L Pimienta, Orrin M Troum, Veena K Ranganath, Daniel E Furst
Objective.: To examine whether the RA MRI score (RAMRIS) for RA of the wrist/hand meets the OMERACT filter criteria-truth (validity), discrimination and feasibility. Methods.: We conducted a systematic literature review in PubMed and Scopus, from 1970 through June 2014, focused on MRI measures of synovitis, osteitis/bone marrow oedema, erosions and/or joint space narrowing in RA randomized controlled trials and observational studies with cohort size ⩾10. Strength of evidence was assessed using the Cochrane Handbook criteria...
April 6, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369847/palmoplantar-pustulosis-and-pustulotic-arthro-osteitis-treatment-with-potassium-iodide-and-tetracycline-a-novel-remedy-with-an-old-drug-a-review-of-25-patients
#7
Shujiro Hayashi, Yayoi Shimaoka, Yoichiro Hamasaki, Atsushi Hatamochi
BACKGROUND: The use of potassium iodide (KI) to treat palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP) and pustulotic arthro-osteitis (PAO) has not previously been reported. Here, we report the first successful treatment of PPP and PAO with KI. PATIENT AND METHODS: Among 25 patients with PPP, seven had an associated PAO. All patients were administered 900 mg KI three times per day for 3 months. Overall, 12 patients received this medical treatment for the first time or had >6 months interval since the last therapy for PPP...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363833/postoperative-neurosurgical-infection-rates-after-shared-resource-intraoperative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-single-center-experience-with-195-cases
#8
Nikolaj Dinevski, Johannes Sarnthein, Flavio Vasella, Jorn Fierstra, Athina Pangalu, David Holzmann, Luca Regli, Oliver Bozinov
OBJECTIVE: To determine the rate of surgical site infections (SSI) in neurosurgical procedures involving a shared-resource intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (ioMRI) scanner at a single institution derived from a prospective clinical quality management database METHODS: All consecutive neurosurgical procedures that were performed with a high-field, two-room ioMRI between April 2013 and June 2016 were included (N=195; 109 craniotomies and 86 endoscopic transsphenoidal procedures)...
March 28, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359665/incidental-findings-in-small-field-of-view-cone-beam-computed-tomography-scans
#9
David G Oser, Brett R Henson, Elaine Y Shiang, Matthew D Finkelman, Robert B Amato
INTRODUCTION: The use of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in endodontics has increased in recent years. In clinical application of small field of view (FOV) CBCTs, these scans are not reviewed routinely by a radiologist. Studies of large FOV CBCT scans show the prevalence of incidental findings to be greater than 90%. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of missed findings by endodontic residents as compared with a radiologist on small FOV CBCT scans. METHODS: Two hundred three small FOV CBCTs obtained for endodontic purposes were analyzed by an endodontic resident and a medical radiologist...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356684/effects-of-honey-in-the-management-of-alveolar-osteitis-a-study
#10
Nikita Soni, Vibha Singh, Shadab Mohammad, R K Singh, U S Pal, Ranjana Singh, Jyatasana Aggrwal, Mahesh Pal
INTRODUCTION: Alveolar osteitis (AO) is a complication of tooth extraction which indicates inflammation of alveolar bone of either maxilla or mandible. This study uses Apitherapy where honey catalyses biological reactions to improve immune system, makes local environment unbearable for microorganisms in the affected socket and enhances healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 50 patients of AO were included in the study. After cleansing of the affected socket, honey dressing was applied...
July 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353620/electrode-array-displacement-into-the-fallopian-canal-in-revisions-of-long-standing-cochlear-implants
#11
Jennifer Alyono, Garrett Locketz, Carleton Eduardo Corrales, Nikolas H Blevins
OBJECTIVE: To describe extracochlear extension of revision cochlear implant arrays into the Fallopian canal. PATIENTS: Two adult patients with extension of revision cochlear implant arrays into the Fallopian canal. INTERVENTIONS: Computed tomography (CT), selective deactivation of non-functional electrodes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Facial nerve function, facial nerve stimulation, cochlear implant electrode position, radiography, functional hearing...
March 28, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341449/do-antibiotics-decrease-the-risk-of-inflammatory-complications-after-third-molar-removal-in-community-practices
#12
Melanie S Lang, Martin L Gonzalez, Thomas B Dodson
PURPOSE: The role of antibiotic use in third molar (M3) surgery is controversial. The purpose of this study was to measure the association between antibiotic use and postoperative inflammatory complications after M3 surgery in the community office-based ambulatory private practice setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors designed and implemented a prospective cohort study and enrolled a sample composed of patients who had at least one M3 removed in a private practice setting by oral and maxillofacial surgeons participating in a practice-based research collaborative from June 2011 through May 2012...
February 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320544/-about-a-case-of-laryngeal-location-of-sapho
#13
L Vatin, E Jean, D Rivière, M Montava, A Giovanni, P Dessi, A Lagier
INTRODUCTION: Synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis (SAPHO) is a syndrome that combines dermatological, articular and osseous inflammatory manifestations. Bilateral laryngeal immobility relative to cricoarytenoid joint origin is very uncommon. This article presents a case of bilateral cricoarytenoid joint ankylosis in a SAPHO syndrome context. CASE REPORT: A 53-year-old patient presenting with a two year history of intermittent bouts of dyspnea. A SAPHO syndrome was discussed on repeated thoracic CT-scan...
March 17, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288724/healing-of-postextraction-sockets-preserved-with-autologous-platelet-concentrates-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Massimo Del Fabbro, Cristina Bucchi, Alessandra Lolato, Stefano Corbella, Tiziano Testori, Silvio Taschieri
PURPOSE: The true benefit of autologous platelet concentrates (APCs) for enhancing the healing of postextraction sites is still a matter of debate, and in recent years several clinical trials have addressed this issue. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an APC adjunct in the preservation of fresh extraction sockets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search was performed on Medline, Embase, Scopus, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286107/streptococcus-mutans-antigen-i-ii-and-autoimmunity-in-cardiovascular-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Alberta Lucchese
Infectious pathogens from the oral cavity cause oral diseases such as caries, gingivitis, periodontitis, endodontic infections, and alveolar osteitis, and often are also concomitant to systemic diseases, including cardiovascular disorders, stroke, preterm birth, diabetes, and pneumonia, among others. The relationship(s) between oral infections and systemic diseases are still unclear. Using the bacterial cell surface antigen I/II from S. mutans and cardiovascular diseases as a model, this study analyzes peptide commonalities that might underlie autoimmune crossreactions between the bacterial antigen and human proteins associated with cardiovascular disorders...
March 7, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274350/difficult-and-rare-forms-of-acne
#16
Clio Dessinioti, Andreas Katsambas
Acne is the most common of skin diseases, being characterized as a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous unit. Although acne is usually straightforward to diagnose and treat, some patients have difficult or rare forms of acne. What seems to be "nonresponding acne" in a patient may be caused by another acneiform disease that clinically mimics acne, thus misleading the clinician, if not ruled out, with scrutiny. Difficulties in the management of acne may be attributable to patient-related issues (low adherence to treatment or fear for side effects), treatment-related issues (inappropriate treatment, dose, or duration of treatment), or difficult-to-treat acne types (acne conglobata or acne fulminans)...
March 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258616/focal-salvage-hifu-in-radiorecurrent-prostate-cancer
#17
A Kanthabalan, M Peters, M Van Vulpen, N McCartan, R G Hindley, A Emara, M C Moore, M Arya, M Emberton, H U Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: To assess short to medium term cancer control rates and side effects of focal salvage High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective registry analysis identified 150 men who underwent focal salvage HIFU (Sonablate 500) (November 2006-August 2015). Metastatic disease was excluded using the nodal assessment on the pelvic MRI, a radioisotope bone scan and PET imaging (choline-FDG-PET or Choline PET-CT). In our current clinical practice, metastatic disease must be ruled out by both Choline PET and bone scan...
March 4, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252476/athletic-hip-injuries
#18
T Sean Lynch, Asheesh Bedi, Christopher M Larson
Historically, athletic hip injuries have garnered little attention; however, these injuries account for approximately 6% of all sports injuries and their prevalence is increasing. At times, the diagnosis and management of hip injuries can be challenging and elusive for the team physician. Hip injuries are seen in high-level athletes who participate in cutting and pivoting sports that require rapid acceleration and deceleration. Described previously as the "sports hip triad," these injuries consist of adductor strains, osteitis pubis, athletic pubalgia, or core muscle injury, often with underlying range-of-motion limitations secondary to femoroacetabular impingement...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250311/sapho-syndrome-synovitis-acne-pustulosis-hyperostosis-and-osteitis
#19
Kiyofumi Hagiwara, Yasuhiro Suyama, Kunihiko Fukuda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250144/whole-spine-computed-tomography-findings-in-sapho-syndrome
#20
Wenrui Xu, Chen Li, Xue Zhao, Jie Lu, Li Li, Nan Wu, Yuzhi Zuo, Hongli Jing, Zhenhua Dong, Wen Zhang, Weihong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the whole-spine computed tomography (CT) findings in patients with synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome to improve our understanding of this rare disease. METHODS: Whole-spine CT images obtained in 69 patients with SAPHO were reviewed. For each individual, a total of 25 vertebrae were evaluated for the distribution of affected vertebrae, CT manifestations of vertebral lesions, symmetry and location of distribution of the lesions on vertebrae, involvement pattern, and narrowing of adjacent intervertebral disc space...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
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