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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819489/-elastic-stable-intramedullary-nailing-esin-in-the-treatment-of-both-bone-forearm-fractures-in-the-child-about-87-cases
#1
Saad Andaloussi, Mohamed Amine Oukhouya, Othmane Alaoui, Karima Atarraf, Lamiae Chater, My Abderrahmane Afifi
This study aims to describe the complications of elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) in the treatment of both-bone forearm diaphyseal fractures in the child. Between January 2009 and December 2013, 87 children with both-bone forearm diaphyseal fractures were treated by elastic stable intramedullary nailing with Métaizeau nails. 76 boys and 11 girls, with an average age of 12 years, were enrolled in the study. Nailing was promptly performed in 50 cases and after secondary displacement during plaster-cast treatment in the other cases...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811353/the-omeract-rheumatoid-arthritis-magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri-scoring-system-updated-recommendations-by-the-omeract-mri-in-arthritis-working-group
#2
Mikkel Østergaard, Charles G Peterfy, Paul Bird, Frédérique Gandjbakhch, Daniel Glinatsi, Iris Eshed, Espen A Haavardsholm, Siri Lillegraven, Pernille Bøyesen, Bo Ejbjerg, Violaine Foltz, Paul Emery, Harry K Genant, Philip G Conaghan
OBJECTIVE: The Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scoring system (RAMRIS), evaluating bone erosion, bone marrow edema/osteitis, and synovitis, was introduced in 2002, and is now the standard method of objectively quantifying inflammation and damage by MRI in RA trials. The objective of this paper was to identify subsequent advances and based on them, to provide updated recommendations for the RAMRIS. METHODS: MRI studies relevant for RAMRIS and technical and scientific advances were analyzed by the OMERACT MRI in Arthritis Working Group, which used these data to provide updated considerations on image acquisition, RAMRIS definitions, and scoring systems for the original and new RA pathologies...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774219/nonoperative-management-and-rehabilitation-of-osteitis-pubis-pubic-bone-stress-in-professional-soccer-players-a-report-of-5-cases
#3
Stephen S McAleer, Ed Lippie, Darcy Norman, Helge Riepenhof
Study Design Case series. Background Pubic bone stress (PBS) is a common acute or chronic response of the pelvis in sports where sprinting, kicking, twisting and cutting are the dominant movements. Little literature exists regarding non-operative rehabilitation strategies for the condition and the outcome of conservative treatment has not been documented. Case Description Five professional and aspiring professional soccer players complaining of pubic symphysis pain, confirmed as PBS on magnetic resonance imaging and objective assessment...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765183/a-case-of-bronchiolitis-obliterans-organising-pneumonia-associated-with-sapho-synovitis-acne-pustulosis-hyperostosis-osteitis-syndrome
#4
Fawad Hameed, Henry Steer
A 57-year-old woman with SAPHO (synovitis-acne-pustulosis-hyperostosis-osteitis) syndrome presented with recurrent episodes of pneumonia. She was treated with multiple courses of antibiotics with no success. The transbronchial biopsy undertaken via bronchoscopy revealed organising pneumonia (OP). She was treated with steroids and responded well with full clinical recovery and normalisation of her chest X-ray.To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of OP in association with SAPHO syndrome. This case report highlights the importance of considering OP in patients with SAPHO syndrome who present with chest infection...
August 1, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754477/chlorhexidine-gel-probably-reduces-the-incidence-of-alveolar-osteitis-after-mandibular-third-molar-extraction
#5
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749306/successful-treatment-of-digital-osteitis-by-intravenous-regional-perfusion-of-ceftiofur-in-an-african-elephant-loxodonta-africana
#6
Christopher J Dutton, Pauline G Delnatte, Simon R Hollamby, Graham J Crawshaw
A 41-yr-old African elephant ( Loxodonta africana ) presented with a swollen third digit of the left forelimb and a 2-cm hole in the pad. Corrective trimming, topical treatments, and an oral antibiotic resulted in apparent resolution; however, it reoccurred after 4 mo. Radiographs suggested bone lysis in the third phalanx, with the primary differential diagnosis being septic osteitis. Flushing with metronidazole solution and intravenous regional perfusion (IVRP) of the foot were commenced. A tourniquet was applied just above the carpus, an interdigital vein was identified by ultrasound, and into this vein 2 g (20 ml) of ceftiofur sodium solution, followed by 60 ml of heparinized saline, was administered...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749173/assessment-of-sacroiliitis-for-the-diagnosis-of-spondyloarthropathy-fat-saturated-t2-weighted-imaging-with-stir-versus-fat-saturated-contrast-enhanced-t1-weighted-imaging
#7
Siyoun Sung, Hyun Su Kim, Jong Won Kwon
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether there is significant differences between contrastenhanced fat-saturated T1-weighted imaging and non-enhanced fat-suppression imaging for diagnosing sacroiliitis in patients with inflammatory back pain. METHODS: Ninety-two patients, consisting of 46 men and 46 women (mean age: 34 years; range: 15-63 years), who met at least four out of five Assessment in SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS) criteria for inflammatory low back pain were enrolled in this study...
July 27, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732177/inguinal-hernia-in-athletes-role-of-dynamic-ultrasound
#8
William Kelton Vasileff, Mikhail Nekhline, Patricia A Kolowich, Gary B Talpos, Willam R Eyler, Marnix van Holsbeeck
BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernia is a commonly encountered cause of pain in athletes. Because of the anatomic complexity, lack of standard imaging, and the dynamic condition, there is no unified opinion explaining its underlying pathology. HYPOTHESIS: Athletes with persistent groin pain would have a high prevalence of inguinal hernia with dynamic ultrasound, and herniorrhaphy would successfully return athletes to activity. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study...
July 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731539/interleukin-17a-gene-polymorphism-rs2275913-is-associated-with-osteitis-after-the-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-vaccination
#9
Milla Liehu-Martiskainen, Matti Korppi, Johanna Teräsjärvi, Juho Vuononvirta, Heini Huhtala, Kirsi Nuolivirta, Liisa Kröger, Ville Peltola, Laura Pöyhönen, Qiushui He
AIM: Interleukin-17 (IL-17) appears to promote the host's defense against mycobacterial infections. This study evaluated the association between IL17A gene polymorphism and the risk of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) osteitis after newborn vaccination and between IL17A gene polymorphism and IL-17A concentrations in serum. METHODS: IL17A rs2275913 gene polymorphisms and serum IL-17A concentrations were studied in 132 adults aged 21-49 years from across Finland, who had BCG osteitis in infancy after a newborn BCG vaccination...
July 21, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730687/efficacy-of-abatacept-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-as-assessed-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-bilateral-hands
#10
Yuji Kukida, Akiko Kasahara, Takahiro Seno, Takuya Inoue, Risa Sagawa, Takashi Kida, Amane Nakabayashi, Hidetake Nagahara, Ken Murakami, Toshifumi Sugitani, Satoshi Morita, Hirotoshi Ito, Ryo Oda, Hiroyoshi Fujiwara, Masataka Kohno, Yutaka Kawahito
AIM: To examine the efficacy of abatacept in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of bilateral hands. METHOD: This prospective study included 35 RA patients. MRI of bilateral hands was performed at baseline and after 12 months of treatment with intravenous abatacept. MRI images were scored for synovitis, osteitis, erosion and joint space narrowing (JSN) according to the RA MRI Scoring System (RAMRIS). The primary endpoint was the change in RAMRIS score from baseline...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729430/imaging-chemokine-receptor-cxcr4-in-chronic-infection-of-the-bone-with-68-ga-pentixafor-pet-ct-first-insights
#11
Caroline Bouter, Birgit Meller, Carsten Oliver Sahlmann, Wieland Staab, Hans Jürgen Wester, Saskia Kropf, Johannes Meller
Due to its role in infection and inflammatory processes the chemokine receptor CXCR4 might be a potent target in imaging of infectious and inflammatory diseases. The aim of this pilot study was to determine whether the CXCR4 ligand (68)Ga-Pentixafor is suitable for imaging chronic infection of the bone. Methods: The study comprises 14 patients with suspected infection of the skeleton that underwent (68)Ga-Pentixafor-(68)Ga-Pentixafor-Positron emission tomography/computed tomography(PET/CT) between 04/2015 and 02/2017 in our facility...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726666/-pathomorphological-changes-under-latent-mastoiditis
#12
Kh Chitadze, T Jorbenadze, M Adamia
In our opinion it is caused by incomplete awareness of the distribution of pathological process and the character of morphological changes in the patients. In this regard, we studied structural changes in the soft and bone tissue taken from various cavities of the middle ear system. Operating material was formed in paraffin after the fixation and proper processing. We proceed with decalcification of bone tissues in 15-20% nitric acid. We painted 5-6 mm thick peels prepared on the rotating microtome with hematoxylin and eosin...
June 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725947/clinical-heterogeneity-of-sapho-syndrome-challenging-diagnose-and-treatment
#13
REVIEW
Francesco Cianci, Angelo Zoli, Elisa Gremese, Gianfranco Ferraccioli
Synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome is a rare disease which is often misdiagnosed and under-recognized, because of its peculiar and heterogeneous clinical presentation. Its main features consist of cutaneous and osteoarticular manifestations, the latter affecting more often the anterior chest wall and having typical radiologic findings. There are no validated diagnostic criteria for SAPHO and no guidelines for treatment, due mainly to its rarity; as a consequence, therapy is empirical and aimed to control pain and modifying inflammatory process...
July 19, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692524/monofocal-chronic-nonbacterial-osteomyelitis-in-the-mandible-accompanied-with-mucocutaneous-disease
#14
Yiwen Wang, Chi Yang, Weijie Zhang, Yingli Lu, Wenbin Wei, Zixiang Han, Minjie Chen
Chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) is a bone disease with nonbacteria osteitis of unknown etiology. Symptoms, including pain, swelling, fever, etc, always result in misdiagnosis and wrong therapy. This study aims to introduce the clinical features and the therapy of patients with CNO accompanied with mucocutaneous disease. The authors retrospectively reviewed the patients who presented to our hospital from 2000 to 2016, the final sample including 3 patients with CNO accompanied with mucocutaneous disease, who presented repeated severe pain of bone, swelling, tenderness, and fever during attack stage with no evidence of bacterial infections...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685269/the-molecular-pathophysiology-of-chronic-non-bacterial-osteomyelitis-cno-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Sigrun Ruth Hofmann, Franz Kapplusch, Katrin Mäbert, Christian Michael Hedrich
Chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) belongs to the growing spectrum of autoinflammatory diseases and primarily affects the skeletal system. Peak onset ranges between 7 and 12 years of age. The clinical spectrum of CNO covers sometimes asymptomatic inflammation of single bones at the one end and chronically active or recurrent multifocal osteitis at the other.Despite the intense scientific efforts, the exact molecular mechanisms of CNO remain unknown. Recent data suggest CNO as a genetically complex disorder with dysregulated TLR4/MAPK/inflammasome signaling cascades resulting in an imbalance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine expression, leading to osteoclast activation and osteolytic lesions...
December 2017: Molecular and Cellular Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681563/osteitis-condensans-ilii-may-demonstrate-bone-marrow-edema-on-sacroiliac-joint-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#16
Ling Ma, Zhenhua Gao, Yi Zhong, Quanfei Meng
AIM: To reveal whether bone marrow edema (BME) may appear with osteitis condensans ilii (OCI) on sacroiliac joint (SIJ) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to evaluate the characteristics of BME demonstrated with OCI. METHOD: Altogether 27 symptomatic female OCI patients with both complete clinical records and SIJ-MRI examination data were enrolled for retrospective analysis. SIJ-MRI exams were retrospectively analyzed by two musculoskeletal radiologists. Patients were separated into BME group and non-BME group according to whether there was BME of SIJ demonstrated as high signal intensity on MR short tau inversion recovery sequences beneath the SIJ articular surface...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672135/local-application-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-during-lower-third-molar-extraction-improves-treatment-outcomes
#17
REVIEW
Yun He, Junliang Chen, Yue Huang, Qin Pan, Minhai Nie
PURPOSE: Application of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) during tooth extraction is able to accelerate wound healing, stimulate osseous and soft tissue regeneration, and reduce unwanted side effects. The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the effect of local application of PRF on controlling postoperative signs and symptoms after the extraction of an impacted lower third molar. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and the Cochrane Library was performed to identify all studies published up to October 2016 that investigated the effect of PRF on lower third molar extraction...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664712/comparative-study-on-usefulness-of-gentamycin-containing-collagen-implants-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-osteitis-and-osteomyelitis-of-the-craniofacial-skeleton
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Paweł J Zawadzki, Konrad Perkowski, Michał Kotlarski, Anna Pietruczuk-Padzik, Lidia Chomicz
<b>Introduction and objective.</b> A reduction in incidences of peri-surgical complications due to infections is achieved by antibiotic prophylaxis The objective of the study was to assess the usefulness of gentamycin-containing collagen implants (GCCI) in the treatment of patients with osteitis and osteomyelitis of the craniofacial skeleton. <b>Materials and method.</b> The retrospective study included 103 patients with osteitis and osteomyelitis. 54 patients were treated intra-operatively with GCCI (Garamycin, EusaPharma, Europe)...
May 11, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652121/high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-for-radio-recurrent-prostate-cancer-a-north-american-clinical-trial
#19
Tonye A Jones, Joseph Chin, David Mcleod, Jack Barkin, Allan Pantuck, Leonard S Marks
PURPOSE: To determine the safety and efficacy of whole-gland HIFU in men with radio-recurrent prostate cancer (CaP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 men with clinically localized recurrence of CaP at least 2 years after EBRT received whole-gland HIFU in an open-label trial (2009 to 2012). Treatments were performed at 16 sites in the U.S. (14) and Canada (2). Primary endpoint was a combination of both PSA nadir ≤0.5 ng/ml and negative biopsy at 12 months. Validated questionnaires were used to monitor changes in urinary and sexual function...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614210/congenital-syphilis-of-bone-a-potential-mimicker-of-childhood-histiocytoses
#20
Youran Zou, Matthew A Marcus, C Guy Castles, Scott E Kilpatrick
Involvement of the skeletal system by congenital syphilis is well documented in the literature, chiefly in the form of radiologic studies, including periostitis, osteitis, and osteochondritis. Because congenital syphilis is generally recognized clinically, tissue biopsy is virtually never performed. Therefore, the histopathologic findings are less well documented and mostly exist in the older literature. We report herein the clinicoradiologic and pathologic features of a 2-month-old infant who initially presented with absence of left arm movement...
September 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
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