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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927926/short-dental-implants-a-scoping-review-of-the-literature-for-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Faraj Edher, Caroline T Nguyen
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Dental implants can be essential in the rehabilitation of various cancer defects, but their ideal placement can be complicated by the limited dimensions of the available host bone. Surgical interventions developed to increase the amount of bone are not all predictable or successful and can sometimes be contraindicated. Short dental implants have been suggested as an alternative option in sites where longer implants are not possible. Whether they provide a successful treatment option is unclear...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924398/what-does-the-future-hold-for-scientific-journals-visual-abstracts-and-other-tools-for-communicating-research
#2
REVIEW
Vahagn C Nikolian, Andrew M Ibrahim
Journals fill several important roles within academic medicine, including building knowledge, validating quality of methods, and communicating research. This section provides an overview of these roles and highlights innovative approaches journals have taken to enhance dissemination of research. As journals move away from print formats and embrace web-based content, design-centered thinking will allow for engagement of a larger audience. Examples of recent efforts in this realm are provided, as well as simplified strategies for developing visual abstracts to improve dissemination via social media...
September 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922135/learning-from-short-text-streams-with-topic-drifts
#3
Peipei Li, Lu He, Haiyan Wang, Xuegang Hu, Yuhong Zhang, Lei Li, Xindong Wu
Short text streams such as search snippets and micro blogs have been popular on the Web with the emergence of social media. Unlike traditional normal text streams, these data present the characteristics of short length, weak signal, high volume, high velocity, topic drift, etc. Short text stream classification is hence a very challenging and significant task. However, this challenge has received little attention from the research community. Therefore, a new feature extension approach is proposed for short text stream classification with the help of a large-scale semantic network obtained from a Web corpus...
September 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913717/after-deployment-adaptive-parenting-tools-1-year-outcomes-of-an-evidence-based-parenting-program-for-military-families-following-deployment
#4
Abigail H Gewirtz, David S DeGarmo, Osnat Zamir
Despite significant stressors facing military families over the past 15 years of wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, no parenting programs adapted or developed for military families with school-aged children have been rigorously tested. We present outcome data from the first randomized controlled trial of a behavioral parent training program for families with a parent deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan. In the present study, 336 primarily National Guard and Reserve families with 4-12-year-old children were recruited from a Midwestern state...
September 15, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912113/mobile-augmented-reality-as-a-feature-for-self-oriented-blended-learning-in-medicine-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Christoph Noll, Ute von Jan, Ulrike Raap, Urs-Vito Albrecht
BACKGROUND: Advantages of mobile Augmented Reality (mAR) application-based learning versus textbook-based learning were already shown in a previous study. However, it was unclear whether the augmented reality (AR) component was responsible for the success of the self-developed app or whether this was attributable to the novelty of using mobile technology for learning. OBJECTIVE: The study's aim was to test the hypothesis whether there is no difference in learning success between learners who employed the mobile AR component and those who learned without it to determine possible effects of mAR...
September 14, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903733/increasing-confidence-and-changing-behaviors-in-primary-care-providers-engaged-in-genetic-counselling
#6
Michael S Wilkes, Frank C Day, Tonya L Fancher, Haley McDermott, Erik Lehman, Robert A Bell, Michael J Green
BACKGROUND: Screening and counseling for genetic conditions is an increasingly important part of primary care practice, particularly given the paucity of genetic counselors in the United States. However, primary care physicians (PCPs) often have an inadequate understanding of evidence-based screening; communication approaches that encourage shared decision-making; ethical, legal, and social implication (ELSI) issues related to screening for genetic mutations; and the basics of clinical genetics...
September 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903538/possum-a-bioinformatics-toolkit-for-generating-numerical-sequence-feature-descriptors-based-on-pssm-profiles
#7
Jiawei Wang, Bingjiao Yang, Jerico Revote, André Leier, Tatiana T Marquez-Lago, Geoffrey Webb, Jiangning Song, Kuo-Chen Chou, Trevor Lithgow
Summary: Evolutionary information in the form of a Position-Specific Scoring Matrix (PSSM) is a widely used and highly informative representation of protein sequences. Accordingly, PSSM-based feature descriptors have been successfully applied to improve the performance of various predictors of protein attributes. Even though a number of algorithms have been proposed in previous studies, there is currently no universal web server or toolkit available for generating this wide variety of descriptors...
September 1, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899418/the-effect-of-a-national-web-course-help-brain-heart-as-a-supplemental-learning-tool-before-cpr-training-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#8
Anette Nord, Leif Svensson, Andreas Claesson, Johan Herlitz, Håkan Hult, Susanne Kreitz-Sandberg, Lennart Nilsson
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) learning methods is unclear. Our aim was to evaluate whether a web course before CPR training, teaching the importance of recognition of symptoms of stroke and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and a healthy lifestyle, could influence not only theoretical knowledge but also practical CPR skills or willingness to act in a cardiac arrest situation. METHODS: Classes with 13-year-old students were randomised to CPR training only (control) or a web course plus CPR training (intervention)...
September 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898196/teens-and-technology-transforming-acne-treatment
#9
Donna Lee Ettel, Lora Rose Lamanno, Sarah Anne Neyra, Wallace John Ettel, George Leonard Ettel Iii, Matthew Kevin Mitchell
INTRODUCTION: Although the Internet contains many health Web sites with valid information, it also contains sites with false information. OBJECTIVE: To learn whether high school students searching health care information believe they are using evidence-based sites and to understand their topics of interest, frequently navigated sites, and trust/confidence in the credibility of information found. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Students at a private high school answered an anonymous survey inquiring about their belief that they were using evidence-based sites, topics of interest, search engines of choice, and their trust in information obtained...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883161/the-implementation-of-medical-informatics-in-the-national-competence-based-catalogue-of-learning-objectives-for-undergraduate-medical-education-nklm
#10
Marianne Behrends, Sandra Steffens, Michael Marschollek
INTRODUCTION: The National Competence Based Catalogue of Learning Objectives for Undergraduate Medical Education (NKLM) describes medical skills and attitudes without being ordered by subjects or organs. Thus, the NKLM enables systematic curriculum mapping and supports curricular transparency. In this paper we describe where learning objectives related to Medical Informatics (MI) in Hannover coincide with other subjects and where they are taught exclusively in MI. METHODS: An instance of the web-based MERLIN-database was used for the mapping process...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881973/biosses-a-semantic-sentence-similarity-estimation-system-for-the-biomedical-domain
#11
Gizem Sogancioglu, Hakime Öztürk, Arzucan Özgür
Motivation: The amount of information available in textual format is rapidly increasing in the biomedical domain. Therefore, natural language processing (NLP) applications are becoming increasingly important to facilitate the retrieval and analysis of these data. Computing the semantic similarity between sentences is an important component in many NLP tasks including text retrieval and summarization. A number of approaches have been proposed for semantic sentence similarity estimation for generic English...
July 15, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877918/very-deep-convolutional-neural-networks-for-morphologic-classification-of-erythrocytes
#12
Thomas J S Durant, Eben M Olson, Wade L Schulz, Richard Torres
BACKGROUND: Morphologic profiling of the erythrocyte population is a widely used and clinically valuable diagnostic modality, but one that relies on a slow manual process associated with significant labor cost and limited reproducibility. Automated profiling of erythrocytes from digital images by capable machine learning approaches would augment the throughput and value of morphologic analysis. To this end, we sought to evaluate the performance of leading implementation strategies for convolutional neural networks (CNNs) when applied to classification of erythrocytes based on morphology...
September 6, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877865/developing-a-web-based-geolocated-directory-of-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-providing-clinics-the-prep-locator-protocol-and-operating-procedures
#13
Aaron J Siegler, Susan Wirtz, Shannon Weber, Patrick S Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is highly effective in preventing HIV transmission, yet patients interested in learning more about PrEP or in getting a PrEP prescription may not be able to find local medical providers willing to prescribe PrEP. OBJECTIVE: We sought to create a national database of PrEP-providing clinics to allow for patients to have access to a unified, vetted source of PrEP providers in an easily accessible database...
September 6, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872627/epul-an-enhanced-positive-unlabeled-learning-algorithm-for-the-prediction-of-pupylation-sites
#14
Xuanguo Nan, Lingling Bao, Xiaosa Zhao, Xiaowei Zhao, Arun Kumar Sangaiah, Gai-Ge Wang, Zhiqiang Ma
Protein pupylation is a type of post-translation modification, which plays a crucial role in cellular function of bacterial organisms in prokaryotes. To have a better insight of the mechanisms underlying pupylation an initial, but important, step is to identify pupylation sites. To date, several computational methods have been established for the prediction of pupylation sites which usually artificially design the negative samples using the verified pupylation proteins to train the classifiers. However, if this process is not properly done it can affect the performance of the final predictor dramatically...
September 5, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864607/glu-ureido-based-inhibitors-of-prostate-specific-membrane-antigen-lessons-learned-during-the-development-of-a-novel-class-of-low-molecular-weight-theranostic-radiotracers
#15
Klaus Kopka, Martina Benešová, Cyril Bařinka, Uwe Haberkorn, John Babich
In recent years, several radioligands targeting prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) have been clinically introduced as a new class of theranostic radiopharmaceuticals for the treatment of prostate cancer (PC). In the second decade of the 21(st) century, a new era in nuclear medicine was initiated by the clinical introduction of small-molecule PSMA inhibitor radioligands, 40 y after the clinical introduction of (18)F-FDG. Because of the high incidence and mortality of PC, the new PSMA radioligands have already had a remarkable impact on the clinical management of PC...
September 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864427/social-media-for-the-dissemination-of-cochrane-child-health-evidence-evaluation-study
#16
Michele P Dyson, Amanda S Newton, Kassi Shave, Robin M Featherstone, Denise Thomson, Aireen Wingert, Ricardo M Fernandes, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: Health care providers value ready access to reliable synthesized information to support point-of-care decision making. Web-based communities, facilitated by the adoption of social media tools such as Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube, are increasingly being used for knowledge dissemination, bridging the gap between knowledge generation and synthesis and knowledge implementation. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to implement and evaluate a structured social media strategy, using multiple platforms, to disseminate Cochrane Child Health evidence to health care providers caring for children...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861140/microbiology-education-in-nursing-practice
#17
Robert J Durrant, Alexa K Doig, Rebecca L Buxton, JoAnn P Fenn
Nurses must have sufficient education and training in microbiology to perform many roles within clinical nursing practice (e.g., administering antibiotics, collecting specimens, preparing specimens for transport and delivery, educating patients and families, communicating results to the healthcare team, and developing care plans based on results of microbiology studies and patient immunological status). It is unclear whether the current microbiology courses required of nursing students in the United States focus on the topics that are most relevant to nursing practice...
2017: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855149/development-of-the-electronic-social-network-assessment-program-using-the-center-for-ehealth-and-wellbeing-research-roadmap
#18
Maija Reblin, Yelena P Wu, Justin Pok, Lauren Kane, Howard Colman, Adam L Cohen, Eduardo Mendivil, Echo L Warner, Miriah Meyer, James Agutter
BACKGROUND: The number of Web-based psychological and behavioral interventions is growing. Beyond their theoretical underpinnings, a key factor to the success of these interventions is how they are designed and developed to ensure usability over a new method of delivery. Our team has adapted ecomapping, a tool for visualizing family caregiver social network resources, for the Web. Here, we describe how we designed and developed the electronic Social Network Assessment Program (eSNAP) Web-based tool using a framework of the Center for eHealth and Wellbeing Research (CeHRes) Roadmap for Web-based intervention development...
August 30, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854574/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-web-based-hiv-std-prevention-program-for-adolescent-girls-targeting-sexual-communication-skills
#19
L Widman, C E Golin, K Kamke, J Massey, M J Prinstein
Adolescent girls are at substantial risk of sexually transmitted diseases including HIV. To reduce these risks, we developed Health Education And Relationship Training (HEART), a web-based intervention focused on developing sexual assertiveness skills and enhancing sexual decision-making. This study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of this new program and examined if perceived acceptability varied according to participant ethnicity, sexual orientation or sexual activity status. Participants were part of a randomized controlled trial of 222 10th-grade girls (Mage = 15...
August 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853766/enhancing-patient-safety-event-reporting-a-systematic-review-of-system-design-features
#20
Yang Gong, Hong Kang, Xinshuo Wu, Lei Hua
OBJECTIVES: Electronic patient safety event reporting (e-reporting) is an effective mechanism to learn from errors and enhance patient safety. Unfortunately, the value of e-reporting system (a software or web server based platform) in patient safety research is greatly overshadowed by low quality reporting. This paper aims at revealing the current status of system features, detecting potential gaps in system design, and accordingly proposing suggestions for future design and implementation of the system...
August 30, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
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