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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161798/intrapartum-care-quality-indicators-a-literature-review
#1
Elisa Lazzaretto, Antonella Nespoli, Simona Fumagalli, Elisabetta Colciago, Sofia Perego, Anna Locatelli
BACKGROUND: Quality of care is increasingly recognized as a critical aspect of the maternal and newborn health, mainly with respect to care around labour and delivery and in the immediate postnatal period. The Aim of this Review is to identify the recommended intrapartum care indicators in order to measure the quality of Midwifery care. METHODS: A structured literature search was conducted in August 2017 incorporating English and Italian language studies from 1993 and onwards to identify published articles on quality standards of intrapartum care...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161783/cancer-treatment-and-management-for-elderly-patients-80-years-of-age-or-older-with-malignant-solid-tumors
#2
Mao Matsubayashi, Fumihiro Oshita, Natsuki Kawata, Takafumi Yanagibashi, Satoshi Tanaka, Yoshiteru Hao, Yuichi Kurakami, Keisuke Iwabuchi, Yohsuke Kunishi, Mitsuyasu Ohta, Yuki Nakamura, Kohichiro Yoshie
We retrospectively analyzed the backgrounds, treatment and nursing care for 96 patients aged 80 years or more with malignant tumors. Twenty of them were hospitalized on an emergency basis. Sixty patients were male and 36 were female, with a median age of 83 years (range: 80-94 years). Twenty-seven had a PS of 3 or 4, and 41 were rated as not independent based on analysis of autonomy at hospitalization. Forty-seven patients had clinical stage III or IV malignancies. The proportions of patients with disease complications were 33...
November 2017: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161751/the-jellyfish-sign-a-new-sonographic-cervical-marker-to%C3%A2-predict-maternal-morbidity-in-abnormally-invasive-placenta-previa
#3
Emma Bertucci, Filomena Giulia Sileo, Giovanni Grandi, Valentina Fenu, Carlotta Cani, Luciano Mancini, Ema Mataca, Fabio Facchinetti
Purpose To investigate the value of a new cervical sonographic sign, called the jellyfish sign (JS), for predicting the risk of maternal morbidity in cases of abnormally invasive placenta (AIP) previa totalis. Materials and Methods Retrospective evaluation of transvaginal (TV) and transabdominal (TA) scans performed in all singleton pregnancies with placenta previa totalis. JS, i. e. the absence of the normal linear demarcation between the placenta previa and the cervix, was evaluated by TV scans. The presence/severity of AIP and outcomes of maternal morbidity were related to this sign...
November 21, 2017: Ultraschall in der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161682/socioeconomic-status-disparities-in-late-life-disability-based-on-age-period-and-cohort-in-japan
#4
Hidehiro Sugisawa, Ken Harada, Yoko Sugihara, Shizuko Yanagisawa, Masaya Shinmei
INTRODUCTION: Effects of disparities in socioeconomic status (SES) on late-life disabilities have been reported around the world. However, there are only a few studies that have examined age, period, and cohort dependent influences of SES disparities on late-life disabilities. We investigated associations between SES disparities and late-life disability based on the Age-Period-Cohort. We also investigated how macro-economic conditions unique to a period, or a cohort might explain the period or the cohort trends...
November 14, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161599/perfluorinated-alkyl-acids-and-fecundity-assessment-in-striped-mullet-mugil-cephalus-at-merritt-island-national-wildlife-refuge
#5
Jacqueline T Bangma, Jessica L Reiner, Russell H Lowers, Theresa M Cantu, Jacob Scott, Jeffrey E Korte, Doug M Scheidt, Chris McDonough, Jonathan Tucker, Brenton Back, Douglas H Adams, John A Bowden
This study investigated wild caught striped mullet (Mugil cephalus) at Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge (MINWR) for levels of 15 perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAA) in tandem with individual fecundity measurements (Oocyte sub-stage 2 late, n=42) and oocyte reproductive stages (Stages 1-5, n=128). PFAA measurements were quantified in striped mullet liver (n=128), muscle (n=49), and gonad (n=10). No significant negative impacts of liver PFAA burden on wild-caught, mullet fecundity endpoints were observed in this study; however, changes in PFAA were observed in the liver as mullet progressed through different sub-stages of oocyte development...
November 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161577/histological-characteristics-of-the-gonads-of-pig-fetuses-and-their-relationship-with-fetal-anatomical-measurements
#6
Thais Preisser Pontelo, José Rafael Miranda, Matheus Augusto Rodrigues Felix, Barbara Azevedo Pereira, William Eduardo da Silva, Gleide Fernandes Avelar, Flávia Cristina Martins Queiroz Mariano, Gregório Corrêa Guimarães, Márcio Gilberto Zangeronimo
The objective was to evaluate the histomorphometric characteristics of the testis and ovaries of pig fetuses at different gestational ages, as well as their correlation with some fetus measurements. Forty-four fetuses were separated for gender (male and female) and gestational age (50, 80 and 106days of gestation). After slaughter, fetuses had their body length, head and thoracic perimeters measured and their gonads submitted to histomorphometric analyses. The gonadal characteristics at different gestational ages were statistically compared, correlations with the fetal measurements were performed and equations to predict the gonadal characteristics from the fetal measurements were obtained...
November 11, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161479/-laboratory-susceptibility-tests-of-aedes-aegypti-and-culex-quinquefasciatus-larvae-to-the-entomopathogenic-nematode-heterorhabditis-bacteriophora
#7
Carolina Ulvedal, Marìa Alejandra Bertolotti, Susana Raquel Cagnolo, Walter Ricardo Almirón
INTRODUCTION: Aedes aegypti is the vector of dengue, yellow fever, Zika and Chikungunya viruses, and Culex quinquefasciatus is the vector of St. Louis and West Nile encephalitis viruses. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate infectivity of Heterorhabditis bacteriophora N4 in C. quinquefasciatus and A. aegypti larvae under laboratory conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty second-instar larvae of the two mosquito species were exposed each to different doses (0:1, 1:1, 5:1, 15:1, 100:1, 500:1, 750:1 and 1,500:1) of nematode infective juveniles...
March 29, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161406/evaluation-of-the-bacterioscan-216dx-for-standalone-preculture-screen-of-preserved-urine-specimens-in-a-clinical-setting
#8
Amity L Roberts, Upasana Joneja, Tatiana Villatoro, Eileen Andris, Judith A Boyle, James Bondi
Background: The BacterioScan 216Dx laser microbial growth monitoring system was evaluated as an option for preurine culture screening of preserved urine specimens at an acute care medical center. Methods: The BacterioScan 216Dx system performance characteristics and the economic impact (cost effectiveness) for the laboratory were assessed. Urinalysis performance compared to urine culture was assessed if urinalysis was ordered as part of the patient care set. Results: When compared to urine culture, the BacterioScan had an overall performance with corresponding 95% confidence intervals of 76% (68-83) sensitivity, 84% (80-87) specificity, 55% (48-63) positive predictive value, and 93% (90-95) negative predictive value for 610 randomly selected preserved urine specimens...
November 17, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161369/pace-capture-guided-ablation-after-contact-force-guided-pulmonary-vein-isolation-results-of-the-randomized-controlled-dragon-trial
#9
Masaharu Masuda, Masashi Fujita, Osamu Iida, Shin Okamoto, Takayuki Ishihara, Kiyonori Nanto, Takashi Kanda, Akihiro Sunaga, Takuya Tsujimura, Yasuhiro Matsuda, Takuya Ohashi, Masaaki Uematsu
Aims: Before the discovery of contact-force guidance, eliminating pacing capture along the pulmonary vein (PV) isolation line had been reported to improve PV isolation durability and rhythm outcomes. DRAGON (UMIN-CTR, UMIN000015332) aimed to elucidate the efficacy of pace-capture-guided ablation following contact-force-guided PV isolation ablation in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) patients. Methods and results: A total of 156 paroxysmal AF patients with AF-trigger ectopies from any of the four PVs induced by isoproterenol were randomly assigned to undergo pace-capture-guided ablation along a contact-force-guided isolation line around AF-trigger PVs (PC group, n = 76) or contact-force-guided PV isolation ablation alone (control group, n = 80)...
November 17, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161332/osteoglycin-inhibition-by-microrna-mir-155-impairs-myogenesis
#10
Paula Paccielli Freire, Sarah Santiloni Cury, Grasieli de Oliveira, Geysson Javier Fernandez, Leonardo Nazario Moraes, Bruno Oliveira da Silva Duran, Juarez Henrique Ferreira, César Seigi Fuziwara, Edna Teruko Kimura, Maeli Dal-Pai-Silva, Robson Francisco Carvalho
Skeletal myogenesis is a regulated process in which mononucleated cells, the myoblasts, undergo proliferation and differentiation. Upon differentiation, the cells align with each other, and subsequently fuse to form terminally differentiated multinucleated myotubes. Previous reports have identified the protein osteoglycin (Ogn) as an important component of the skeletal muscle secretome, which is expressed differentially during muscle development. However, the posttranscriptional regulation of Ogn by microRNAs during myogenesis is unknown...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161297/prognostic-performance-of-mr-pro-adrenomedullin-in-patients-with-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-the-emergency-department-compared-to-clinical-severity-scores-psi-and-curb
#11
Jacopo Maria Legramante, Maria Mastropasqua, Beniamino Susi, Ottavia Porzio, Marta Mazza, Grazia Miranda Agrippino, Cartesio D Agostini, Antonella Brandi, Germano Giovagnoli, Vito Nicola Di Lecce, Sergio Bernardini, Marilena Minieri
AIM: (i) evaluate the performance of MR-pro-ADM in reflecting the outcome and risk for CAP patients in the emergency department, and (ii) compare the prognostic performance of MR-pro-ADM with that of clinical scores PSI and CURB65. METHODS: Observational prospective, single-center study in patients with suspected community acquired pneumonia (CAP). Eighty one patients underwent full clinical and laboratory assessment as by protocol, and were followed up a 28 days...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161296/epithelial-periostin-expression-is-correlated-with-poor-survival-in-patients-with-invasive-breast-carcinoma
#12
Ga-Eon Kim, Ji Shin Lee, Min Ho Park, Jung Han Yoon
Invasion and metastasis are direct causes of mortality in patients with breast cancer and require reciprocal interactions between cancer cells and the extracellular matrix (ECM). Periostin, a fasciclin-containing adhesive ECM glycoprotein, is frequently overexpressed in various types of human cancer, and its overexpression in cancer-associated stroma and/or cancer cells is usually associated with poor clinical outcomes. However, the expression of periostin in the successive steps of breast tumorigenesis and its association with outcome variables have not been well established in breast carcinoma...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161285/hpv-genotypes-co-infections-associated-with-cervical-carcinoma-special-focus-on-phylogenetically-related-and-non-vaccine-targeted-genotypes
#13
Rashmirani Senapati, Bhagyalaxmi Nayak, Shantanu Kumar Kar, Bhagirathi Dwibedi
HPV is the major causative agent for cervical cancer. Study on the risk of cervical cancer associated with different hr-HPV genotypes would be useful for disease management and new vaccine strategy. With limited reports available, the present study aimed to investigate the pattern of HPV genotypes coinfections and risk of cervical carcinoma associated with them in Indian population. 15 HPV genotypes were detected by E6/E7 multiplex nested type-specific PCR in the HPV-positive cervical samples of 172 cervical cancer cases and 174 subjects with normal cytology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161255/neurogenic-mediators-contribute-to-local-edema-induced-by-micrurus-lemniscatus-venom
#14
Luciana Lyra Casais-E-Silva, Catarina Teixeira
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Micrurus is one of the four snake genera of medical importance in Brazil. Coral snakes have a broad geographic distribution from the southern United States to Argentina. Micrurine envenomation is characterized by neurotoxic symptoms leading to dyspnea and death. Moreover, various local manifestations, including edema formation, have been described in patients bitten by different species of Micrurus. Thus, we investigated the ability of Micrurus lemniscatus venom (MLV) to induce local edema...
November 21, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161192/patient-preferences-in-subglottic-stenosis-treatment-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#15
Matthew R Naunheim, Margaret L Naunheim, Vinay K Rathi, Ramon A Franco, Mark G Shrime, Phillip C Song
Objectives Subglottic stenosis can be addressed with several different surgical techniques, but patient preferences for these treatment modalities are poorly understood. Economic methods are increasingly being used to understand how patients make decisions. The objective of this pilot study was to assess preferences in subglottic stenosis treatment using patient-centric stated preference techniques. Study Design Discrete choice experiment (DCE). Setting Academic research facility. Subjects and Methods A computer-based DCE was administered in a monitored setting to volunteers from the general population...
November 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161040/does-the-cl-ch4-%C3%A2-h-ch3cl-reaction-proceed-via-walden-inversion
#16
Laszlo Krotos, Gabor Czako
We report a chemically accurate global ab initio full-dimensional potential energy surface (PES) for the Cl(2P3/2) + CH4 reaction improving the high-energy region of our previous PES [Czakó, G.; Bowman, J. M. Science 2011, 334, 343-346]. Besides the abstraction (HCl + CH3) and the Walden-inversion substitution (H + CH3Cl) channels, the new PES accurately describes novel substitution pathways via retention of configuration. Quasiclassical trajectory simulation on this PES reveals that the substitution channel opens around 40 kcal/mol collision energy via Walden inversion and the retention cross sections raise from ∼50 kcal/mol...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160925/effects-of-swaddled-and-traditional-tub-bathing-methods-on-crying-and-physiological-responses-of-newborns
#17
Sinem Yalnızoğlu Çaka, Duygu Gözen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of two bathing methods on crying duration and physiological measurements of newborns. DESIGN AND METHODS: A randomized trial design was used in this study. The sample consisted of newborns (n = 80) who were admitted to neonatal intensive care unit of a university hospital located in a large city. The groups were determined as swaddled bathing (SB) (n = 40) and traditional tub bathing (TTB) (n = 40) by using random number table...
November 21, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160915/spray-drying-of-spinach-juice-characterization-chemical-composition-and-storage
#18
Gülşah Çalışkan Koç, Safiye Nur Dirim
The 1st aim of this study is to determine the influence of inlet and outlet air temperatures on the physical and chemical properties of obtained powders from spinach juice (SJ) with 3.2 ± 0.2 °Brix (°Bx). Second, the effect of 3 different drying agents (maltodextrin, whey powder, and gum Arabic) on the same properties was investigated for the selected inlet/outlet temperatures (160/100 °C) which gives the minimum moisture content and water activity values. For this purpose, the total soluble solid content of SJ was adjusted to 5...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160872/zinc-ii-cobalt-ii-and-manganese-ii-networks-with-phosphoserine-ligand-synthesis-crystal-structures-and-magnetic-and-proton-conductivity-properties
#19
J Vallejo, I R Salcedo, R M P Colodrero, A Cabeza, A Switlicka, J Cano, M Viciano-Chumillas
A series of zinc(ii), cobalt(ii) and manganese(ii) coordination networks with phosphoserine ligand (H3PSer) are synthesized and characterized. Whereas in compounds 1 and 2 with the general formula [M(HPser)]n [M = Zn (1) and Co (2)], the metal(ii) ion presents a tetrahedral geometry, in [Co(HPSer)(H2O)2]n (3) and [Mn(HPSer)(H2O)]n (4), the metal(ii) ions are in a distorted octahedral geometry. The 3D frameworks are formed by inorganic layers built up from MO4 or MO6 polyhedra and phosphate groups. These layers are linked by the carboxylate groups of the phosphoserine ligand...
November 21, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160830/warm-pre-strain-strengthening-the-metastable-304l-austenitic-stainless-steel-without-compromising-its-hydrogen-embrittlement-resistance
#20
Yanfei Wang, Zhiling Zhou, Weijie Wu, Jianming Gong
Plastic pre-strains were applied to the metastable 304L austenitic stainless steel at both room temperature (20 °C) and higher temperatures (i.e., 50, 80 and 100 °C), and then the hydrogen embrittlement (HE) susceptibility of the steel was evaluated by cathodically hydrogen-charging and tensile testing. The 20 °C pre-strain greatly strengthened the steel, but simultaneously significantly increased the HE susceptibility of the steel, since α' martensite was induced by the pre-strain, causing the pre-existence of α' martensite, which provided "highways" for hydrogen to transport deep into the steel during the hydrogen-charging...
November 21, 2017: Materials
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