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Pediatric infection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918242/predictive-value-of-thomsen-friedenreich-antigen-activation-for-streptococcus-pneumoniae-infection-and-severity-in-pediatric-lobar-pneumonia
#1
Chia-Jung Chang, Nan-Chang Chiu, Fu-Yuan Huang, Daniel Tsung-Ning Huang, Lung Chang, Ching-Ying Huang, Yen-Hsin Kung, Hsin Chi
BACKGROUND: Most cases of complicated pneumonia in children are caused by pneumococcal infections. Thomsen-Friedenreich antigen (TA) is present on erythrocytes, platelets and glomeruli, and it can be activated during pneumococcal infection. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of TA activation for pneumococcal infection and association with the severity of complicated pneumonia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with lobar pneumonia were routinely tested for TA at the Department of Pediatrics, Mackay Memorial Hospital from January 2010 to December 2015...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917602/comparing-inpatient-versus-outpatient-bowel-preparation-in-children-and-adolescents-undergoing-appendicovesicostomy
#2
David L Weatherly, Konrad M Szymanski, Benjamin M Whittam, William E Bennett, Shelly King, Rosalia Misseri, Martin Kaefer, Richard C Rink, Mark P Cain
PURPOSE: The need for mechanical inpatient bowel preparation (IBP) in reconstructive pediatric urology has come under scrutiny, secondary to literature demonstrating little benefit regarding outcomes. Starting in 2013, a majority of patients undergoing reconstructive procedures at our institution no longer underwent IBP. We hypothesized that outpatient bowel preparation (OBP) would reduce length of stay (LOS) without increasing postoperative complications after appendicovesicostomy surgery...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917436/comparison-of-the-loop-technique-with-incision-and-drainage-for-soft-tissue-abscesses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Michael Gottlieb, Gary D Peksa
INTRODUCTION: Skin and soft tissue infections are a common presentation to the emergency department. Traditional management of abscesses involves a linear incision through the center of the abscess with packing placed. The loop drainage technique (LDT) is an alternate approach that may reduce pain and scarring, as well as decrease the number of follow up visits needed. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to compare the efficacy of the LDT with conventional incision and drainage (CID) in the treatment of soft tissue abscesses...
September 10, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917068/group-a-streptococcal-bacteraemia-experience-at-king-fahad-medical-city-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#4
Fawzyh J Al-Khadidi, Mohammed A AlSheheri, Tariq S AlFawaz, Mushira A Enani, Abdulaziz A AlAqeel, Dayel A AlShahrani
To identify clinical presentation, predisposing factors, and the outcome in patients with Group A Streptococcal bacteremia. Methods: This is a retrospective study of 33 pediatric and adult patients with Streptococcus pyogenes bacteremia, admitted at King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from 2007 to 2015. Results: Thirty-three patient records, documenting bacteremia with group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus, were reviewed. Approximately 51.5% were pediatric and 48.5% were adult patients, with a male to female ratio of 2:1...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917067/dengue-fever-clinical-features-of-567-consecutive-patients-admitted-to-a-tertiary-care-center-in-saudi-arabia
#5
Samar Badreddine, Fahmi Al-Dhaheri, Ammar Al-Dabbagh, Abdulrahman Al-Amoudi, Maged Al-Ammari, Nader Elatassi, Haytham Abbas, Rami Magliah, Abdulbasit Malibari, Hani Almoallim
To delineate the clinical features and outcomes of dengue infection and to guide clinician of early diagnosis and identification of risks factors for dengue hemorrhagic fever. Methods: This study is a retrospective cross-sectional. Clinical records of 567 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of dengue infection, admitted to a single hospital in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, between January 2010 and  June 2014 were reviewed.  Results: Dengue infection was most common in adult males. Sixty-eight percent of infections were in Saudi nationals...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#6
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914343/image-guided-percutaneous-removal-of-ballistic-foreign-bodies-secondary-to-air-gun-injuries
#7
Jacob L Rothermund, Andrew J Rabe, Nicholas A Zumberge, James W Murakami, Patrick S Warren, Mark J Hogan
BACKGROUND: Ballistic injuries with retained foreign bodies from air guns is a relatively common problem, particularly in children and adolescents. If not removed in a timely fashion, the foreign bodies can result in complications, including pain and infection. Diagnostic methods to identify the presence of the foreign body run the entire gamut of radiology, particularly radiography, ultrasound (US) and computed tomography (CT). Removal of the foreign bodies can be performed by primary care, emergency, surgical, and radiologic clinicians, with or without imaging guidance...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914333/-acute-skin-infections-and-their-imitators-in-children-a-photo-quiz
#8
REVIEW
M Theiler, A Schwieger-Briel, L Weibel
BACKGROUND: Skin infections account for 40% of emergency visits in pediatric dermatology. It is important to promptly recognize skin infections with potential complications and initiate treatment. However some characteristic skin findings may imitate skin infections and are often misdiagnosed. OBJECTIVES: To illustrate frequent pediatric skin infections and pitfalls in view of imitators and differential diagnoses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A photo quiz is presented with the discussion of a selection of acute pediatric skin infections in comparison to their infectious or noninfectious differential diagnoses...
September 15, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914131/safety-and-efficacy-of-repeat-open-label-abobotulinumtoxina-treatment-in-pediatric-cerebral-palsy
#9
Mauricio R Delgado, Marcin Bonikowski, Jorge Carranza, Edward Dabrowski, Dennis Matthews, Barry Russman, Ann Tilton, Juan Carlos Velez, Anne-Sophie Grandoulier, Philippe Picaut
This was a prospective, repeat-treatment, open-label study (NCT01251380) of abobotulinumtoxinA for the management of lower limb spasticity in children who had completed a double-blind study. Children (2-17 years) received injections into the gastrocnemius-soleus complex, and other distal and proximal muscles as required (maximum total dose per injection cycle: 30 U/kg or 1000U). A total of 216 of the 241 double-blind patients entered the extension study and 207 received ≥1 open label injection into the gastrocnemius-soleus; 17-24% of patients also had injections into the hamstrings...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913888/viral-upper-respiratory-infection-at-pediatric-liver-transplant-is-associated-with-hepatic-artery-thrombosis
#10
Jordan A Kohler, Flor M Munoz, John A Goss, Tamir A Miloh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913339/ulcerative-gastritis-and-esophagitis-in-two-children-with-sarcina-ventriculi-infection
#11
Tim G J de Meij, Michiel P van Wijk, Aart Mookhoek, Andries E Budding
Sarcina ventriculi is a Gram-positive, obligate anaerobic coccus, with a characteristic morphology. Only 22 cases of human infections by this microorganism, including 7 in children, have been reported in literature so far. Affected subjects usually present with abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and delayed gastric emptying. However, life-threatening complications, like emphysematous gastritis and gastric perforation have also been described. Gastroparesis and gastric outlet obstruction have been considered as a potential etiologic factor...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913332/the-impact-of-disclosure-on-health-and-related-outcomes-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-children-a-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
Angela Odiachi
This review explores the association between pediatric human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disclosure and health and related outcomes among children living with HIV. A multi-stage process was used to search for relevant articles on the ISI Web of Knowledge database. Fifteen articles met the inclusion criteria. Five major outcomes emerged from children's knowledge of their HIV-seropositive status: physical/physiological outcomes; adherence to antiretroviral therapy; psychosocial outcomes; sexual and reproductive health, including HIV prevention outcomes; and disclosure of status by the children...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912948/outbreak-of-fusarium-oxysporum-infections-in-children-with-cancer-an-experience-with-7-episodes-of-catheter-related-fungemia
#13
Fabianne Carlesse, Anna-Paula C Amaral, Sarah S Gonçalves, Hemilio Xafranski, Maria-Lucia M Lee, Victor Zecchin, Antonio S Petrilli, Abdullah M Al-Hatmi, Ferry Hagen, Jacques F Meis, Arnaldo L Colombo
BACKGROUND: Fusarium species are widely spread in nature as plant pathogens but are also able to cause opportunistic fungal infections in humans. We report a cluster of Fusarium oxysporum bloodstream infections in a single pediatric cancer center. METHODS: All clinical and epidemiological data related to an outbreak involving seven cases of fungemia by Fusarium oxysporum during October 2013 and February 2014 were analysed. All cultured isolates (n = 14) were identified to species level by sequencing of the TEF1 and RPB2 genes...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912187/pediatric-cardiomyopathies
#14
REVIEW
Teresa M Lee, Daphne T Hsu, Paul Kantor, Jeffrey A Towbin, Stephanie M Ware, Steven D Colan, Wendy K Chung, John L Jefferies, Joseph W Rossano, Chesney D Castleberry, Linda J Addonizio, Ashwin K Lal, Jacqueline M Lamour, Erin M Miller, Philip T Thrush, Jason D Czachor, Hiedy Razoky, Ashley Hill, Steven E Lipshultz
Pediatric cardiomyopathies are rare diseases with an annual incidence of 1.1 to 1.5 per 100 000. Dilated and hypertrophic cardiomyopathies are the most common; restrictive, noncompaction, and mixed cardiomyopathies occur infrequently; and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy is rare. Pediatric cardiomyopathies can result from coronary artery abnormalities, tachyarrhythmias, exposure to infection or toxins, or secondary to other underlying disorders. Increasingly, the importance of genetic mutations in the pathogenesis of isolated or syndromic pediatric cardiomyopathies is becoming apparent...
September 15, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910517/pediatric-flexible-and-rigid-bronchoscopy-in-european-centers-availability-and-current-practice
#15
Dirk Schramm, Yin Yu, Anna Wiemers, Christina Vossen, Deborah Snijders, Uros Krivec, Kostas Priftis, Eber Ernst, Petr Pohunek
AIM: Eighteen years have passed since the last European survey concerning practices in pediatric bronchoscopy was conducted. Therefore, members of the European Respiratory Society (ERS) Pediatric Bronchology Group 7.7, initiated the "European Pediatric Bronchoscopy Survey 2015," which aimed to assess the current state of this evolving diagnostic and therapeutic procedure in the field of pediatric respiratory medicine. METHOD: A questionnaire was sent to national representatives of 44 European countries with the request to distribute it to all centers performing pediatric bronchoscopies...
September 14, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910409/risk-of-acute-gastroenteritis-associated-with-human-bocavirus-infection-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Ri De, Liying Liu, Yuan Qian, Runan Zhu, Jie Deng, Fang Wang, Yu Sun, Huijin Dong, Liping Jia, Linqing Zhao
Human bocaviruses (HBoVs), which were first identified in 2005 and are composed of genotypes 1-4, have been increasingly detected worldwide in pediatric patients with acute gastroenteritis. To investigate if HBoV infection is a risk factor of acute gastroenteritis in children younger than 5 years old, we searched PubMed, Embase (via Ovid), the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), and the Cochrane Library for studies assessing the prevalence of HBoVs in individuals from Oct 25, 2005 to Oct 31, 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906365/the-antibiotic-susceptibility-patterns-of-uropathogens-among-children-with-urinary-tract-infection-in-shiraz
#17
Gholamreza Pouladfar, Mitra Basiratnia, Mojtaba Anvarinejad, Pejman Abbasi, Fatemeh Amirmoezi, Samaneh Zare
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infections in pediatrics. Delay in diagnosis and treatment can cause significant morbidity. The physicians knowledge regarding the symptoms, microorganisms that caused UTI, and effective antibiotics in a geographical area can help them to select the appropriate antibiotics. This study was performed to determine the prevalence of bacteria that cause UTI and their susceptibility to common antibiotics as well as the common symptoms and associated factors in children of Shiraz, Southern Iran...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905470/outcomes-of-berlin-heart-excor-%C3%A2-pediatric-ventricular-assist-device-support-in-patients-with-restrictive-and-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#18
Jennifer A Su, Jondavid Menteer
The outcomes of pediatric ventricular assist device support in patients with diastolic heart failure have not been well described. This study reviews the North American experience with Berlin Heart EXCOR(®) ventricular assist device implants in children with such physiology. The Berlin Heart clinical database was reviewed. Patients with primary diastolic dysfunction are included in this study. Twenty pediatric patients with restrictive cardiomyopathy (n = 13), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (n = 3), or congenital heart disease with restrictive physiology (n = 4) who were supported with EXCOR(®) were identified...
September 14, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904931/isolation-of-candida-species-from-gastroesophageal-lesions-among-pediatrics-in-isfahan-iran-identification-and-antifungal-susceptibility-testing-of-clinical-isolates-by-e-test
#19
Fatemeh Salehi, Mehran Esmaeili, Rasoul Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Candida species can become opportunistic pathogens causing local or systemic invasive infections. Gastroesophageal candidiasis may depend on the Candida colonization and local damage of the mucosal barrier. Risk factors are gastric acid suppression, diabetes mellitus, chronic debilitating states such as carcinomas, and the use of systemic antibiotics and corticosteroids. The aim of this study is collection and molecular identification of Candida species from gastroesophageal lesions among pediatrics in Isfahan, and determination of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) ranges for clinical isolates...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904568/pediatric-autoimmune-encephalitis
#20
REVIEW
Massimo Barbagallo, Giovanna Vitaliti, Piero Pavone, Catia Romano, Riccardo Lubrano, Raffaele Falsaperla
Autoimmune (antibody mediated) encephalitis (AE) is emerging as a more common cause of pediatric encephalopathy than previously thought. The autoimmune process may be triggered by an infection, vaccine, or occult neoplasm. In the latter case, onconeural autoantibodies are directed against intracellular neuronal antigens, but a recent heterogeneous group of encephalitic syndromes has been found not to have underlying tumor but is associated with autoantibodies to the neuronal surface or synaptic antigens. Neuropsychiatric symptoms are very common in autoimmune encephalopathy; as a result, affected children may be initially present to psychiatrists...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
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