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Cardiac viability

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062180/determination-of-cryothermal-injury-thresholds-in-tissues-impacted-by-cardiac-cryoablation
#1
Ryan P Goff, Stephen G Quallich, Robert A Buechler, John C Bischof, Paul A Iaizzo
Despite widespread clinical use of cryoablation, there remain questions regarding dosing and treatment times which may affect efficacy and collateral injury. Dosing and treatment times are directly related to the degree of cooling necessary for effective lesion formation. Human and swine atrial, ventricular, and lung tissues were ablated using two cryoablation systems with concurrent infrared thermography. Post freeze-thaw samples were cultured and stained to differentiate viable and non-viable tissue. Matlab code correlated viability staining to applied freeze-thaw thermal cycles, to determine injury thresholds...
January 3, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046063/three-dimensional-high-frequency-ultrasonography-for-early-detection-and-characterization-of-embryo-implantation-site-development-in-the-mouse
#2
Mary C Peavey, Corey L Reynolds, Maria M Szwarc, William E Gibbons, Cecilia T Valdes, Francesco J DeMayo, John P Lydon
Ultrasonography is a powerful tool to non-invasively monitor in real time the development of the human fetus in utero. Although genetically engineered mice have served as valuable in vivo models to study both embryo implantation and pregnancy progression, such studies usually require sacrifice of parous mice for subsequent phenotypic analysis. To address this issue, we used three-dimensional (3-D) reconstruction in silico of high-frequency ultrasound (HFUS) imaging data for early detection and characterization of murine embryo implantation sites and their development in utero...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041835/comparison-of-cardiac-stem-cell-sheets-detached-by-versene-solution-and-from-thermoresponsive-dishes-reveals-similar-properties-of-constructs
#3
Konstantin V Dergilev, Pavel I Makarevich, Zoya I Tsokolaeva, Maria A Boldyreva, Irina B Beloglazova, Ekaterina S Zubkova, Mikhail Yu Menshikov, Yelena V Parfyonova
Cell sheets (CS) from c-kit+ cardiac stem cell (CSC) hold a potential for application in regenerative medicine. However, manufacture of CS may require thermoresponsive dishes, which increases cost and puts one in dependence on specific materials. Alternative approaches were established recently and we conducted a short study to compare approaches for detachment of CS from c-kit+ CSC. Our in-house developed method using chelation by Versene solution was compared to UpCell™ thermoresponsive plates in terms of CSC proliferation, viability, gap junction formation and engraftment in a model of myocardial infarction...
December 16, 2016: Tissue & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035425/myocardial-stress-perfusion-magnetic-resonance-initial-experience-in-a-pediatric-and-young-adult-population-using-regadenoson
#4
Cory V Noel, Ramkumar Krishnamurthy, Brady Moffett, Rajesh Krishnamurthy
BACKGROUND: Dipyridamole and adenosine are traditional pharmacological stressors for myocardial perfusion. Regadenoson, a selective adenosine A2A agonist, has a lower side effect profile with lower incidence of bronchospasm and bradycardia. There is a growing need for myocardial perfusion assessment within pediatrics. There is no report on the utility of regadenoson as a stress agent in children. OBJECTIVE: To observe the safety and feasibility of regadenoson as a pharmacologic stressor for perfusion cardiac MR in a pilot cohort of pediatric patients weighing more than 40 kg who have congenital heart disease and pediatric acquired heart disease...
December 29, 2016: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029762/prevascularization-of-decellularized-porcine-myocardial-slice-for-cardiac-tissue-engineering
#5
Pawan Kc, Mickey Shah, Jun Liao, Ge Zhang
Prevacularization strategies have been implemented in tissue engineering to generate microvasculature networks within a scaffold prior to implantation. Prevascularizing scaffolds will shorten the time of functional vascular perfusion with host upon implantation. In this study, we explored key variables affecting the interaction between decellularized porcine myocardium slices (dPMSs) and reseeded stem cells toward the fabrication of prevascularized cardiac tissue. Our results demonstrated that dPMS supports attachment of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and rat adipose derived stem cells (rASCs) with high viability...
January 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024566/electrospun-polyurethane-membranes-for-tissue-engineering-applications
#6
Laís P Gabriel, Ana Amélia Rodrigues, Milton Macedo, André L Jardini, Rubens Maciel Filho
Tissue Engineering proposes, among other things, tissue regeneration using scaffolds integrated with biological molecules, growth factors or cells for such regeneration. In this research, polyurethane membranes were prepared using the electrospinning technique in order to obtain membranes to be applied in Tissue Engineering, such as epithelial, drug delivery or cardiac applications. The influence of fibers on the structure and morphology of the membranes was studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), the structure was evaluated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and the thermal stability was analyzed by thermogravimetry analysis (TGA)...
March 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006945/neonatal-capsaicin-administration-impairs-postnatal-development-of-the-cardiac-chronotropy-and-inotropy-in-rats
#7
J Kuncová, A Jirkovská, J Švíglerová, M Marková, D Meireles, M Čedíková
The present study evaluated the impact of neonatal administration of capsaicin (neurotoxin from red hot pepper used for sensory denervation) on postnatal development of the heart rate and ventricular contractility. In the rats subjected to capsaicin administration (100 mg/kg) on postnatal days 2 and 3 and their vehicle-treated controls at the ages of 10 to 90 days, function of the sympathetic innervation of the developing heart was characterized by evaluation of chronotropic responses to metipranolol and atropine, norepinephrine concentrations in the heart, and norepinephrine release from the heart atria...
December 22, 2016: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997926/exogenous-hydrogen-sulfide-attenuates-high-glucose-induced-cardiotoxicity-by-inhibiting-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-by-suppressing-tlr4-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-in-h9c2-cells
#8
Zena Huang, Xiaodong Zhuang, Chuli Xie, Xun Hu, Xiaobian Dong, Yue Guo, Shaofen Li, Xinxue Liao
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to investigate whether exogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S) confered cardiac protection against high glucose (HG)-induced injury by inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome activation via a specific TLR4/NF-κB pathway. METHODS: H9c2 cardiac cells were exposed to 33 mM glucose for 24 h to induce HG-induced cytotoxicity. The cells were pretreated with NaHS (a donor of H2S) before exposure to HG. Cell viability, cell apoptosis, intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and TLR4, NF-κB, NLRP3 inflammasome, IL-1β, IL-18 and caspase-3 expression were measured by standard methods...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997133/injectable-guest-host-assembled-polyethylenimine-hydrogel-for-sirna-delivery
#9
Leo L Wang, Janna N Sloand, Ann C Gaffey, Chantel M Venkataraman, Zhichun Wang, Alen Trubelja, Daniel A Hammer, Pavan Atluri, Jason A Burdick
While siRNA has tremendous potential for therapeutic applications, advancement is limited by poor delivery systems. Systemically, siRNAs are rapidly degraded, may have off-target silencing, and necessitate high working concentrations. To overcome this, we developed an injectable, guest-host assembled hydrogel between polyethylenimine (PEI) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) for local siRNA delivery. Guest-host modified polymers assembled with siRNAs to form polyplexes that had improved transfection and viability compared to PEI...
December 20, 2016: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993213/an-ex%C3%A2-vivo-comparison-of-adenosine-and-lidocaine-solution-and-university-of-wisconsin-solution-for-hypothermic-machine-perfusion-of-porcine-kidneys-potential-for-development
#10
Karim Hamaoui, Adeel Aftab, Sally Gowers, Martyn Boutelle, Terry Cook, Donna Rudd, Geoffrey P Dobson, Vassilios Papalois
BACKGROUND: The optimal hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) solution has not yet been developed. An adenosine and lidocaine (AL) solution has been shown to be protective in cardiac preservation. The aim of the present study was to examine a modified AL solution with low Ca(2+), 16 mM Mg(2+), and 4% albumin on kidney preservation compared with University Wisconsin solution (UW). METHODS: Twenty donation of organs after cardiac death porcine kidneys underwent HMP for 10 h (AL, n = 10; UW, n = 10) and then 2 h of normothermic reperfusion...
February 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992507/trpc4%C3%AE-and-trpc4%C3%AE-similarly-affect-neonatal-cardiomyocyte-survival-during-chronic-gpcr-stimulation
#11
Nadine Kirschmer, Sandra Bandleon, Viktor von Ehrlich-Treuenstätt, Sonja Hartmann, Alice Schaaf, Anna-Karina Lamprecht, Erick Miranda-Laferte, Tanja Langsenlehner, Oliver Ritter, Petra Eder
The Transient Receptor Potential Channel Subunit 4 (TRPC4) has been considered as a crucial Ca2+ component in cardiomyocytes promoting structural and functional remodeling in the course of pathological cardiac hypertrophy. TRPC4 assembles as homo or hetero-tetramer in the plasma membrane, allowing a non-selective Na+ and Ca2+ influx. Gαq protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) stimulation is known to increase TRPC4 channel activity and a TRPC4-mediated Ca2+ influx which has been regarded as ideal Ca2+ source for calcineurin and subsequent nuclear factor of activated T-cells (NFAT) activation...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989830/hydrogel-based-approaches-for-cardiac-tissue-engineering
#12
Laura Saludas, Simon Pascual-Gil, Felipe Prósper, Elisa Garbayo, María Blanco-Prieto
Heart failure still represents the leading cause of death worldwide. Novel strategies using stem cells and growth factors have been investigated for effective cardiac tissue regeneration and heart function recovery. However, some major challenges limit their translation to the clinic. Recently, biomaterials have emerged as a promising approach to improve delivery and viability of therapeutic cells and proteins for the regeneration of the damaged heart. In particular, hydrogels are considered one of the most promising vehicles...
October 29, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974731/egb-761-protects-cardiac-microvascular-endothelial-cells-against-hypoxia-reoxygenation-injury-and-exerts-inhibitory-effect-on-atm-pathway
#13
Chao Zhang, Deng-Feng Wang, Zhuang Zhang, Dong Han, Kan Yang
Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761) has been widely clinically used to reduce myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (MIRI). Microvascular endothelial cells (MVECs) may be a proper cellular model in vitro for the effect and mechanism study against MIRI. However, the effect of EGb 761 on MVECs resisting hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury is little reported. In this study, H/R-injuried MVECs were treated with EGb 761, then cell viability, apoptosis, ROS production, SOD activity, caspase-3 activity, and the protein level of ATM, γ-H2AX, p53, Bax were measured...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958262/role-of-low%C3%A2-dose-dobutamine-echocardiography-in-predicting-response-to-biventricular-pacing-results-from-the%C3%A2-multicenter-viability-in-cardiac-resynchronisation-therapy-viacrt-study
#14
Edyta Płońska-Gościniak, Jarosław D Kasprzak, Tomasz Kukulski, Katarzyna Mizia-Stec, Ewa Nowalany-Kozielska, Zbigniew Gąsior, Krystian Wita, Władysław Sinkiewicz, Hanna Szwed, Piotr Gościniak, Łukasz Chrzanowski
INTRODUCTION    The response to Cardiac Resynchronisation Therapy (CRT) varies significantly, resulting in lack of improvement among the substantial patients proportion.  OBJECTIVES    To identify mechanical dyssynchrony indices with combination of myocardial viability characteristics for predicting long-term response to CRT.  PATIENTS AND METHODS    ViaCRT was a multicentre study coordinated by the Working Group on Echocardiography of  Polish Cardiac Society. 127 patients with heart failure were assessed prospectively...
December 12, 2016: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956366/biohybrid-cardiac-ecm-based-hydrogels-improve-long-term-cardiac-function-post-myocardial-infarction
#15
Yael Efraim, Hadar Sarig, Noa Cohen Anavy, Udi Sarig, Elio de Berardinis, Su-Yin Chaw, Muthukumar Krishnamoorthi, Jérôme Kalifa, Hanumakumar Bogireddi, Thang Vu Duc, Theodoros Kofidis, Limor Baruch, Freddy Y C Boey, Subbu S Venkatraman, Marcelle Machluf
: Injectable scaffolds for cardiac tissue regeneration are a promising therapeutic approach for progressive heart failure following myocardial infarction (MI). Their major advantage lies in their delivery modality that is considered minimally invasive due to their direct injection into the myocardium. Biomaterials comprising such scaffolds should mimic the cardiac tissue in terms of composition, structure, mechanical support, and most importantly, bioactivity. Nonetheless, natural biomaterial-based gels may suffer from limited mechanical strength, which often fail to provide the long-term support required by the heart for contraction and relaxation...
December 9, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939502/magnetic-resonance-imaging-assessment-of-cardiac-function-in-a-swine-model-of-hibernating-myocardium-3%C3%A2-months-following-bypass-surgery
#16
Laura L Hocum Stone, Cory Swingen, Christopher Holley, Christin Wright, Erin Chappuis, Herbert B Ward, Edward O McFalls, Rosemary F Kelly
OBJECTIVE: Clinical studies demonstrate delayed recovery of hibernating myocardium (HM) following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging is effective in identifying HM in clinical settings. Our animal model of HM shows partial but incomplete functional recovery 1 month following CABG using echocardiography. This study uses CMR imaging to determine completeness of recovery 3 months post-CABG. METHODS: Swine (N = 12) underwent left anterior descending artery (LAD) 1...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938904/myocardial-rescue-with-autologous-mitochondrial-transplantation-in-a-porcine-model-of-ischemia-reperfusion
#17
Aditya K Kaza, Isaac Wamala, Ingeborg Friehs, Joseph D Kuebler, Rahul H Rathod, Ignacio Berra, Maria Ericsson, Rouan Yao, Jerusha K Thedsanamoorthy, David Zurakowski, Sidney Levitsky, Pedro J Del Nido, Douglas B Cowan, James D McCully
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the clinical efficacy of autologous mitochondrial transplantation in preparation for translation to human application using an in vivo swine model. METHODS: A left mini-thoracotomy was performed on Yorkshire pigs. The pectoralis major was dissected, and skeletal muscle tissue was removed and used for the isolation of autologous mitochondria. The heart was subjected to regional ischemia (RI) by temporarily snaring the circumflex artery...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936534/novel-platform-of-cardiomyocyte-culture-and-coculture-via-fibroblast-derived-matrix-coupled-aligned-electrospun-nanofiber
#18
Muhammad Suhaeri, Ramesh Subbiah, Su-Hyun Kim, Chong-Hyun Kim, Seung Ja Oh, Sang-Heon Kim, Kwideok Park
For cardiac tissue engineering, much attention has been given to the artificial cardiac microenvironment in which anisotropic design of scaffold and extracellular matrix (ECM) are the major cues. Here we propose poly(l-lactide-co-caprolactone) and fibroblast-derived ECM (PLCL/FDM), a hybrid scaffold that combines aligned electrospun PLCL fibers and FDM. Fibroblasts were grown on the PLCL fibers for 5-7 days and subsequently decellularized to produce PLCL/FDM. Various analyses confirmed aligned, FDM-deposited PLCL fibers...
December 20, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931565/ex%C3%A2-vivo-perfusion-characteristics-of-donation-after-cardiac-death-kidneys-predict-long-term-graft-survival
#19
M Sevinc, S Stamp, J Ling, N Carter, D Talbot, N Sheerin
BACKGROUND: Ex vivo perfusion is used in our unit for kidneys donated after cardiac death (DCD). Perfusion flow index (PFI), resistance, and perfusate glutathione S-transferase (GST) can be measured to assess graft viability. We assessed whether measurements taken during perfusion could predict long-term outcome after transplantation. METHODS: All DCD kidney transplants performed from 2002 to 2014 were included in this study. The exclusion criteria were: incomplete data, kidneys not machine perfused, kidneys perfused in continuous mode, and dual transplantation...
December 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921402/developing-a-rat-model-of-dilated-cardiomyopathy-with-improved-survival
#20
Li-Juan Shen, Shu Lu, Yong-Hua Zhou, Lan Li, Qing-Min Xing, Yong-Liang Xu
To compare the continuous infusion and intermittent bolus injection administration protocols of doxorubicin (Dox) under the same cumulative dose (12 mg/kg), and establish a rat dilated cardiomyopathy model with improved survival, a total of 150 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into three groups: a control group, administered with normal saline; a Dox 1 group, administration twice a week at 1 mg/kg; a Dox 2, administration once a week at 2 mg/kg. Mortality rates in the Dox 1 and Dox 2 groups were 22% and 48%, respectively (P<0...
2016: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
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