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Three dimensional echocardiography

Xiaohua Yin, Rong Xu, Yingchun Wang, Tao Cheng, Hui Zhou
Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) can provide abundant information about the anatomy of the coronary artery. However, this modality is limited in evaluation of myocardial function. Four-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (4DSTE) is a novel and sensitive technique for quantitative evaluation of myocardial deformation. We estimated the value of these imaging modalities to predict the risk of MACE in 209 patients with suspected coronary artery disease(CAD) after a median follow-up of 727 days...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Natalia Lorenzo, Irene Mendez, Mikel Taibo, Gianfranco Martinis, Sara Badia, Guillermo Reyes, Rio Aguilar
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation frequently affects patients with valvular heart disease. Ablation of atrial fibrillation during valvular surgery is an alternative for restoring sinus rhythm. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate mid-term results of successful atrial fibrillation surgical ablation during valvular heart disease surgery, to explore left atrium post-ablation mechanics and to identify predictors of recurrence. METHODS: Fifty-three consecutive candidates were included...
March 19, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Lidia Capotosto, Francesco Massoni, Simone De Sio, Serafino Ricci, Antonio Vitarelli
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) still remains the main cause of morbidity and mortality and consequently early diagnosis is of paramount importance. Working conditions can be regarded as an additional risk factor for CVD. Since different aspects of the job may affect vascular health differently, it is important to consider occupation from multiple perspectives to better assess occupational impacts on health. Standard echocardiography has several targets in the cardiac population, as the assessment of myocardial performance, valvular and/or congenital heart disease, and hemodynamics...
2018: BioMed Research International
Guangli Yin, Ruiqin Xie, Ling You, Hongning Yin, Yucui Sun, Jinglan Wu, Yansha Zhao, Xue Geng, Yanan Zhang
BACKGROUND: The conversion of atrial fibrillation (AF) to sinus rhythm is associated with transient dysfunction of the left atrium (LA). This study aimed to investigate the time course of LA function and inflammation after radiofrequency (RF) ablation for paroxysmal AF. METHODS: Fifty-three patients with paroxysmal AF undergoing RF ablation were recruited. White blood cells were counted and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), fibrinogen, and D-dimer levels were measured...
March 15, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Kathleen W Zhang, Brian S Finkelman, Gaurav Gulati, Hari K Narayan, Jenica Upshaw, Vivek Narayan, Ted Plappert, Virginia Englefield, Amanda M Smith, Carina Zhang, W Gregory Hundley, Bonnie Ky
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the changes in three-dimensional (3D) speckle-tracking echocardiography-derived measures of mechanics and their associations with systolic and diastolic dysfunction after anthracyclines. BACKGROUND: An improved understanding of the changes in 3D cardiac mechanics with anthracyclines may provide important mechanistic insight and identify new metrics to detect cardiac dysfunction. METHODS: A total of 142 women with breast cancer receiving doxorubicin (240 mg/m2 ) with or without trastuzumab underwent 3D speckle-tracking echocardiography at standardized intervals prior to, during, and annually after chemotherapy...
March 9, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
Denisa Muraru, Alice Niero, Hugo Rodriguez-Zanella, Diana Cherata, Luigi Badano
Three-dimensional (3D) speckle-tracking echocardiography (3DSTE) is an advanced imaging technique designed for left ventricular (LV) myocardial deformation analysis based on 3D data sets. 3DSTE has the potential to overcome some of the intrinsic limitations of two-dimensional STE (2DSTE) in the assessment of complex LV myocardial mechanics, offering additional deformation parameters (such as area strain) and a comprehensive quantitation of LV geometry and function from a single 3D acquisition. Albeit being a relatively young technique still undergoing technological developments, several experimental studies and clinical investigations have already demonstrated the reliability and feasibility of 3DSTE, as well as several advantages of 3DSTE over 2DSTE...
February 2018: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Julien Ternacle, Romain Gallet, Annabelle Nguyen, Jean-François Deux, Antonio Fiore, Emmanuel Teiger, Jean-Luc Dubois-Randé, Elisabeth Riant, Pascal Lim
Percutaneous approaches to treat structural heart diseases are growing in number and complexity. Multimodality imaging is essential for planning and monitoring such interventions. The combination of three-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography with fluoroscopy is the cornerstone of interventional imaging. However, these two modalities are displayed on separate screens, and are handled by different physicians, which requires a complex mental reconstruction for the interventional team. To overcome this issue, echocardiographic-fluoroscopic fusion imaging has been introduced recently in clinical practice...
March 11, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Krunoslav Michael Sveric, Stefan Ulbrich, Mohamed Rady, Christian Pflücke, Silvio Quick, Stefanie Katzke, Karim Ibrahim, Ruth H Strasser, Stefanie Jellinghaus
Objectives: Non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is characterised by a highly variable disease progression. Stress echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) are beneficial in risk assessment, but are labour intensive. Repetitive squatting and standing without weights is a simple exercise (EX). The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic role of left ventricular (LV) contractile recruitment (CR) after a simple EX of repetitive squatting through three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography...
2018: Open Heart
Michael Dandel, Roland Hetzer
Compared with the left ventricle (LV), the right ventricle (RV) is less suited for evaluation by echocardiography (ECHO). Nevertheless, RV ECHO-assessment has currently emerged as an important diagnostic tool with meaningful prognostic value and essential contribution to therapeutic decisions. Although significant progress has been made, including generation of higher-quality normative data, validation of several two-dimensional measurements and improvements in three-dimensional ECHO-techniques, many challenges in RV ECHO-assessment still persist...
March 9, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
Dai Asada, Kenichi Okumura, Kazuyuki Ikeda, Toshiyuki Itoi
As the important role of longitudinal shortening in ventricular function has been well recognized over the past decade, evaluation of longitudinal systolic function of the left ventricle has become a subject of growing interest. Tissue motion annular displacement of the mitral valve (TMAD) is a new parameter of longitudinal systolic function. Although some studies have reported that this new parameter correlates with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in adults, little is known about TMAD in normal children...
March 8, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
F Freccero, A Cordella, F Dondi, C Castagnetti, K Niinistö, M Cipone
BACKGROUND: In dogs, due to better alignment with the aortic outflow, the subcostal (SC) transducer site provides greater Doppler-derived velocities than those obtained from the left parasternal view. The feasibility of this imaging approach has never been described in equine echocardiography. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility of the SC view in newborn foals and compare aortic two-dimensional and Doppler-derived velocity measurements with those of standard parasternal long-axis (LAX) views...
March 8, 2018: Equine Veterinary Journal
Renuka E Peterson, Grace Freire, Cynthia J Marino, Saadeh B Jureidini
Right ventricular-dependent coronary circulation (RVDCC) is associated with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum and is defined by two or more epicardial coronary arteries with atresia or severe stenosis resulting in the dependency of coronary supply by retrograde flow. The hypothesis of this study is that coronary Doppler flow patterns on echocardiography can be used to distinguish patients with RVDCC. Between 2007 and 2016, we reviewed 16 patients with pulmonary atresia or critical pulmonary stenosis...
March 8, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
Witold Streb, Katarzyna Mitręga, Tomasz Podolecki, Magdalena Szymała, Anna Leopold-Jadczyk, Tomasz Kukulski, Zbigniew Kalarus
BACKGROUND: Real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT3D TEE) enables better visualization of the left atrial appendage (LAA) and may be superior to real-time two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT2D TEE) for LAA occlusion (LAAO). The aim of this study was to assess inter- and intra-observer variability of RT2D TEE and RT3D TEE measurements of LAA, and to assess the accordance of RT2D TEE and RT3D TEE with appropriate occluder selection. METHODS: Transesophageal echocardiography was performed in 40 patients during LAAO...
March 7, 2018: Cardiology Journal
Qingqing Wang, Kaibin Tan, Hongmei Xia, Yunhua Gao
AIMS: The aims of the current study were to analyze and compare the left ventricular (LV) structure and function in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with or without hyperlipidemia using conventional echocardiography and real-time three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (3DSTE) and to determine the variables that could affect LV strain values in these patients. METHODS: Eighty-one T2DM patients with normal LVEF (≥55%) were included, 41 of whom had hyperlipidemia as comorbidity...
March 6, 2018: Echocardiography
Xue Sun, Wenjia Lei, Yu Wang, Faiza Amber Siddiqui, Ying Zhang
Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC) is a rare malformation. We describe a case of PAPVC, in which the left pulmonary veins coursed to the left innominate vein through a vertical vein and finally drained into the right superior vena cava; the right pulmonary veins were connected to the left atrium. Tracing the origin and destination of abnormal vessels presented at the three-vessel and trachea view is useful for the diagnosis. Four-dimensional echocardiography with high-definition flow imaging and spatiotemporal image correlation facilitates the identification of the drainage of fetal pulmonary veins, which should be considered as a complementary modality in obstetric ultrasonic examination when cardiac abnormalities are suspected...
March 5, 2018: Echocardiography
Robert G Nampiaparampil, Daniel G Swistel, Michael Schlame, Muhamed Saric, Mark V Sherrid
Transesophageal echocardiography is essential in guiding the surgical approach for patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Septal hypertrophy, elongated mitral valve leaflets, and abnormalities of the subvalvular apparatus are prominent features, all of which may contribute to left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Surgery aims to alleviate the obstruction via an extended myectomy, often with an intervention on the mitral valve and subvalvular apparatus. The goal of intraoperative echocardiography is to assess the anatomic pathology and pathophysiology in order to achieve a safe intraoperative course and a successful repair...
March 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Wenyao Xia, John Moore, Elvis C S Chen, Yuanwei Xu, Olivia Ginty, Daniel Bainbridge, Terry M Peters
Three-dimensional ultrasound segmentation of mitral valve (MV) at diastole is helpful for duplicating geometry and pathology in a patient-specific dynamic phantom. The major challenge is the signal dropout at leaflet regions in transesophageal echocardiography image data. Conventional segmentation approaches suffer from missing sonographic data leading to inaccurate MV modeling at leaflet regions. This paper proposes a signal dropout correction-based ultrasound segmentation method for diastolic MV modeling...
April 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging
Charles B Nyman, G Burkhard Mackensen, Srdjan Jelacic, Stephen H Little, Thomas W Smith, Feroze Mahmood
Percutaneous intervention for mitral valve (MV) disease has been established as an alternative to open surgical MV repair in patients with prohibitive surgical risk. Multiple percutaneous approaches have been described and are in various stages of development. Edge-to-edge leaflet plication with the MitraClip (Abbott, Menlo Park, CA) is currently the only Food and Drug Administration-approved device specifically for primary or degenerative lesions. Use of the edge-to-edge clip for secondary mitral regurgitation is currently under investigation and may result in expanded indications...
February 23, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Ebraham Alskaf, Attila Kardos
Aortic valve area is one of the main criteria used by echocardiography to determine the degree of valvular aortic stenosis, and it is calculated using the continuity equation which assumes that the flow volume of blood is equal at two points, the aortic valve area and the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT). The main fallacy of this equation is the assumption that the LVOT area which is used to calculate the flow volume at the LVOT level is circular, where it is often an ellipse and sometimes irregular. The aim of this review is to explain the physiology of the continuity equation, the different sources of errors, the added benefits of using three-dimensional imaging modalities to measure LVOT area, the latest recommendations related to valvular aortic stenosis, and to introduce future perspectives...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Echocardiography
Olivia K Ginty, John M Moore, Yuanwei Xu, Wenyao Xia, Satoru Fujii, Daniel Bainbridge, Terry M Peters, Bob B Kiaii, Michael W A Chu
OBJECTIVE: Planned mitral repair strategies are generally established from preoperative echocardiography; however, specific details of the repair are often determined intraoperatively. We propose that three-dimensional printed, patient-specific, dynamic mitral valve models may help surgeons plan and trial all the details of a specific patient's mitral repair preoperatively. METHODS: Using preoperative echocardiography, segmentation, modeling software, and three-dimensional printing, we created dynamic, high-fidelity, patient-specific mitral valve models including the subvalvular apparatus...
February 22, 2018: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
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