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Intraoperative echocardiography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742780/absent-pulmonary-valve-in-a-case-of-tetralogy-of-fallot-an-incidental-discovery-on-intraoperative-transesophageal-echocardiography
#1
Parag Gharde, Neelam Aggarwal, Kamal Prakash Sharma, Shrinivas Gadhinglajkar, Saravana Babu, Sandeep Chauhan, Palleti Rajashekar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734428/rupture-of-anterolateral-papillary-muscle-resulting-from-small-artery-occlusion
#2
Tomoki Sakata, Kenji Mogi, Manabu Sakurai, Anan Nomura, Masahiko Fujii, Shinichiro Shimizu, Yoshiharu Takahara
A 69-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for dyspnea and fever. Echocardiography showed a mobile mass on the anterolateral papillary muscle and severe mitral regurgitation. Coronary artery angiography showed no stenotic lesion. Infective endocarditis or cardiac tumor was suspected, and a mitral valve operation was performed. Intraoperative observation revealed a partially ruptured anterolateral papillary muscle and no evidence of infection or tumor. Pathologic examination of the resected papillary muscle showed atherosclerotic changes in small arteries and infarcted areas in different postinfarct time phases along the ruptured edge...
August 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723765/perioperative-management-of-intracardiac-leiomyomatosis-an-observational-cohort-study
#3
Jiaying Xu, Min Wei, Qi Miao, Bin Zhu, Chunhua Yu, Yuguang Huang
Intracardiac leiomyomatosis (ICLM) is a rare condition in which the benign tumor extends into the right heart chambers through inferior vena cava. The best surgical approach still remains unclear.We present a retrospective cohort of 36 patients diagnosed with ICLM in Peking Union Medical College Hospital between 2002 and 2016.The mean patient age was 44.5 (range 25-55) years. The clinical manifestations were various, including shortness of breath, chest tightness, edema of the lower extremities, palpitations, syncope, etc...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713813/incidental-finding-of-an-aorto-right-atrial-fistula-in-a-patient-undergoing-repair-of-a-sinus-of-valsalva-aneurysm
#4
Byron R Rosero-Britton, Anthony Nguyen, Ibrahim Warsame, Muhammad Shabsigh, Luke Dong, James Wolfe, Bryan Whitson, Michael Essandoh
A sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is a rare malformation of the aortic root that can fistulize to another cardiac structure such as the right atrium. Although transthoracic echocardiography and computed tomography angiography have demonstrated utility for the diagnosis of a sinus of Valsalva-to-right atrial fistula, there are few cases where a misdiagnosis may occur. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography may be an essential imaging tool for the diagnosis and management of incidental findings such as a sinus of Valsalva-to-right atrial fistula during cardiac surgery and should be used routinely...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709918/unroofed-coronary-sinus-syndrome-an-easily-corrected-congenital-anomaly-but-more-diagnostic-suspicions-are-needed
#5
Changcheng Chen, Lili Xu, Yi Xu, Ping Li, Shuo Liu, Bin You
BACKGROUND: Unroofed coronary sinus syndrome (URCSS) is a spectrum of cardiac anomalies in which part (partial type) or the entire common wall (complete type) between the coronary sinus (CS) and left atrium is absent. It is commonly associated with a persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC). The PLSVC can even anomalously connect to the left atrium in complete type anomaly. URCSS has been reported to be associated with delayed diagnosis and life-threatening cerebral injury. The purpose of the present study was to review our experience with surgical correction of this often-concealed malformation and discuss methods for reducing diagnostic omission...
June 22, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701605/role-of-transesophageal-echocardiography-in-surgical-retrieval-of-embolized-amplatzer-device-and-closure-of-coronary-cameral-fistula
#6
Bhupesh Kumar, Alok Kumar, Ganesh Kumar, Harkant Singh
Congenital coronary artery fistula is an uncommon anomaly. Transcatheter coil embolization or Amplatzer vascular plug device closure of fistula is often done in symptomatic patients with safe accessibility to the feeding coronary artery. Embolization of Amplatzer vascular plug device is rare. We report an 11-year-old male child who presented to us with increasing shortness of breath for 7 years. He had a history of Amplatzer vascular plug device closure of right coronary-cameral fistula 8 years back. Echocardiography demonstrated a dilated aneurysmal right coronary artery with turbulent jet entering into the right ventricle (RV) and device embolized into the left pulmonary artery (LPA)...
July 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678069/echocardiographic-assessment-of-mitral-stenosis-orifice-area-a-comparison-of-a-novel-three-dimensional-method-versus-conventional-techniques
#7
Sergey Karamnov, Nelson Burbano-Vera, Chuan-Chin Huang, John A Fox, Stanton K Shernan
BACKGROUND: A comprehensive evaluation of mitral stenosis (MS) severity commonly utilizes two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography techniques. However, the complex three-dimensional (3D) structure of the mitral valve (MV) poses challenges to accurate measurements of its orifice area by 2D imaging modalities. We aimed to assess MS severity by comparing measurements of the MV orifice area using conventional echocardiography methods to 3D orifice area (3DOA), a novel echocardiographic technique which minimizes geometric assumptions...
July 1, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669704/low-pressure-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-with-the-airseal-system-at-olv-hospital-results-from-a-prospective-study
#8
Sabrina La Falce, Giacomo Novara, Giorgio Gandaglia, Paolo Umari, Geert De Naeyer, Frederiek D'Hondt, Jean Beresian, Rik Carette, Martin Penicka, Yujiing Mo, Geert Vandenbroucke, Alexandre Mottrie
BACKGROUND: Limited studies examined effects of pneumoperiotneum during robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) and with AirSeal. The aim of this study was to assess the effect on hemodynamics of a lower pressure pneumoperitoneum (8 mmHg) with AirSeal, during RARP in steep Trendelenburg 45° (ST). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an institutional review board-approved, prospective, interventional, single-center study including patients treated with RARP at OLV Hospital by one extremely experienced surgeon (July 2015-February 2016)...
June 2, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664669/does-three-dimensional-transesophageal-echocardiography-provide-incremental-value-in-percutaneous-closure-of-ascending-aortic-pseudoaneurysm
#9
Ahmed Elkaryoni, Ming C Hsiung, Mohammed J Arisha, Amier Ahmad, Navin C Nanda, Ahmed H Mohamed, Doaa Attia, Ankush Sachdeva, Lovepreet Singh, Wei-Hsian Yin
Ascending aortic pseudoaneurysms (AO PSAs), if left untreated, are complicated by a high rate of rupture resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. New transcatheter modalities have emerged as acceptable surgical alternatives for their management. We present a case of an ascending aortic PSA in which intraoperative two- and three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (2DTEE and 3DTEE) provided a comprehensive assessment of the PSA in pre- and postclosure settings.
June 29, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654552/severe-upper-airway-obstruction-after-intraoperative-transesophageal-echocardiography-in-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-a-retrospective-analysis
#10
Jörg Michel, Michael Hofbeck, Christian Schineis, Matthias Kumpf, Ellen Heimberg, Harry Magunia, Eckhard Schmid, Christian Schlensak, Gunnar Blumenstock, Felix Neunhoeffer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate if there is a correlation between the use of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography and an increased rate of extubation failure and to find other risk factors for severe upper airway obstructions after pediatric cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Cardiac PICU. PATIENTS: Patients 24 months old or younger who underwent surgery for congenital heart disease with cardiopulmonary bypass were retrospectively enrolled and divided into two groups depending on whether they received an intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography or not...
June 24, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639568/intraoperative-transesophageal-echocardiography-in-the-operation-of-ebstein-s-anomaly-a-retrospective-study
#11
Xiu-Jie Tang, Min Bao, He Zhao, Lian-Yi Wang, Qing-Yu Wu
BACKGROUND: Ebstein's anomaly (EA) has various spectrums in clinical and anatomic features. This study aimed to report the experience of two-dimensional intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (2D-ITEE) during the EA surgery and to analyze the characteristics of the tricuspid valve (TV) by comparing the data from 2D-ITEE with the results from the surgery. METHODS: 2D-ITEE data of 164 patients with EA who were operated in the First Hospital of Tsinghua University between July 2004 and April 2014 were retrospectively analyzed in this study...
July 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631103/transesophageal-echocardiography-in-orthotopic-liver-transplantation-a-comprehensive-intraoperative-monitoring-tool
#12
REVIEW
Luigi Vetrugno, Federico Barbariol, Umberto Baccarani, Francesco Forfori, Giovanni Volpicelli, Giorgio Della Rocca
Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography is a minimally invasive monitoring tool that can provide real-time visual information on ventricular function and hemodynamic volume status in patients undergoing liver transplantation. The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases states that transesophageal echocardiography should be used in all liver transplant candidates in order to assess chamber sizes, hypertrophy, systolic and diastolic function, valvular function, and left ventricle outflow tract obstruction...
December 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596055/posterior-aortic-root-enlargement-during-aortic-valve-replacement-role-of-intraoperative-transesophageal-echocardiography
#13
Neelam Aggarwal, Shrinivas V Gadhinglajkar, Varghese T Panicker, Rupa Sreedhar, Saravana Babu, Deepak Gregory Mathew, Chirag S Prasannakumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595225/-mitral-valve-repair-in-a-patient-with-two-aneurysms-of-the-mitral-valve-due-to-infective-endocarditis-report-of-a-case
#14
Maiko Tsuji, Dai Une, Atsushi Kurata, Mimiko Tabata, Takayoshi Matsuyama, Hiroshi Seki, Akiyo Uda, Tomonobu Beika
Echocardiography revealed 2 aneurysms in the mitral valve with mitral regurgitation and aortic regurgitation,in a 42-years-old man. He had had infective endocarditis due to Streptococcus 9 months before. A prolapse in the right coronary cusp without vegetation and 2 aneurysms in the anterior mitral leaflet were found intraoperatively. Aortic valve was replaced, and then mitral aneurysms were resected and repaired using his own pericardium. There has been almost no regurgitation or recurrence of infection over 3 years...
June 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595217/-pulmonary-valve-plasty-after-postoperative-pulmonary-insufficiency
#15
Takafumi Kozaki, Tai Fuchigami, Masahiko Nishioka, Toru Akashige, Nobuhiro Nagata
A 6-year-old boy (weight 15.5 kg) underwent pulmonary valve plasty using autologous pericardium. He received a diagnosis of aortic coarctation and ventricular septal defect. Total correction was performed at the age of 18 days ( weight 2.2 kg). Intraoperatively, to confirm the position of the ventricular septum defect, we needed to incise from the main pulmonary artery to right ventricle through a commissure part of pulmonary valve. Although he exhibited stable hemodynamics, pulmonary valve regurgitation progressed...
June 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582370/isolated-neurofibroma-of-the-orbit-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
Puneet S Braich, Jared C Donaldson, Gurtej S Bajaj, William H Bearden
PURPOSE: To summarize the clinical, radiographic, and intraoperative characteristics of isolated neurofibromas of the orbit (INFO) in the literature and report a case of INFO. METHODS: Case report and a systematic review of the literature. RESULTS: A total of 45 patients were identified from 18 previous studies. There was no sex predilection and mean ages were between 32.3 and 40.0 years with a standard deviation of 9.8 to 19.5 years, median age was 32 to 38 years with a range of 1...
June 2, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540072/standard-imaging-techniques-in-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#17
REVIEW
Arash Salemi, Berhane M Worku
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has become a widely accepted therapeutic option for patients with severe, symptomatic aortic stenosis at intermediate, high, or extreme risk for conventional surgery as determined through a heart team approach. Two valve prostheses are currently available and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved in the United States for TAVR: the self-expandable Medtronic CoreValve (Medtronic, Inc., Minneapolis, MN, USA) and the balloon-expandable Edwards Sapien Valve (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine CA, USA)...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540070/an-update-on-intraoperative-three-dimensional-transesophageal-echocardiography
#18
REVIEW
Lisa Qia Rong
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) was first used routinely in the operating rooms in the 1980s to facilitate surgical decision-making. Since then, TEE has evolved from the standard two-dimensional (2D) exam to include focused real-time three-dimensional (RT-3D) imaging both inside and outside the operating rooms. Improved spatial and temporal resolution due to technological advances has expedited surgical interventions in diseased valves. 3D imaging has also emerged as a crucial adjunct in percutaneous interventions for structural heart disease...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526040/catching-a-floating-thrombus-a-case-report-on-the-treatment-of-a-large-thrombus-in-the-ascending-aorta
#19
Gijs Eduard de Maat, Giorgio Vigano, Massimo Alessandro Mariani, Ehsan Natour
BACKGROUND: The ascending aorta is an uncommon site for non-infective thrombus. In non-aneurysmal and non-atherosclerotic vessels this condition becomes extremely rare, while it represents a source of potential cerebral and peripheral embolic events. Currently, there is no consensus in the guidelines on how to treat a free floating thrombus in ascending aorta, therefore we present our decision making process and therapeutic strategy. CASE PRESENTATION: A healthy 48-year-old man was hospital admitted with acute abdominal pain...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515742/the-use-of-intraoperative-epiaortic-ultrasonography-in-monitoring-patients-over-75-years-old-treated-with-aortic-valve-replacement
#20
Tomasz Niklewski, Michał Zembala, Dariusz Puszczewicz, Paweł Nadziakiewicz, Wojciech Karolak, Marian Zembala
INTRODUCTION: Epiaortic ultrasound scanning (EAS) extended the use of ultrasound to the intraoperative diagnosis of aortic pathology. Surgical palpation of the ascending aorta underestimates the presence and severity of atherosclerotic plaques. Epiaortic ultrasound scanning has been used as an adjunct to transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) or as a primary direct diagnostic tool for imaging the ascending aorta as well as the aortic arch, which gained prominence as part of a multipronged intraoperative strategy to reduce atherosclerotic emboli...
March 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
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