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Hassan Aleid, Ahmad Alhuraiji, Abdullah Alqaraawi, Ammar Abdulbaki, Mai Altalhi, Mohamed Shoukri, Eldali Abdelmoneim, Tariq Ali
Many patients develop new-onset diabetes after kidney transplantation (NODAT). Its incidence and epidemiology are unknown in the Saudi population. We aimed to study the incidence, epidemiology, and outcomes of kidney transplant recipients who developed NODAT. This is a retrospective study of all adults who received kidney transplant between January 2003 and December 2009. NODAT was defined according to the criteria outlined in the 2003 International Consensus guidelines. A total of 500 patients were included in this study, 54% were male patients...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Shintaro Yagi, Toshimi Kaido, Taku Iida, Atsushi Yoshizawa, Hideaki Okajima, Shinji Uemoto
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It is now known that post-transplant graft function after deceased-donor liver transplantation and living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) differ; however, there is no report assessing the relationship between graft function and the development of new-onset diabetes mellitus after transplantation (NODAT). We conducted this study to identify the predictive risk factors for NODAT, including graft function after LDLT. METHODS: The subjects of this study were 175 adult recipients who underwent LDLT at Kyoto University Hospital between 2006 and 2010, and survived for more than 3 months (median observation period, 1046 days)...
November 11, 2016: Surgery Today
Gorden Muduma, Rhodri Saunders, Isaac Odeyemi, Richard F Pollock
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Several meta-analyses comparing ciclosporin with tacrolimus have been conducted since the 1994 publication of the tacrolimus registration trials, but most captured data from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) predating recent improvements in waiting list prioritization, induction protocols and concomitant medications. The present study comprised a systematic review and meta-analysis of ciclosporin and tacrolimus in liver transplant recipients using studies published since January 2000...
2016: PloS One
Mani Nagarajan, Sakthirajan Ramanathan, Jeyachandran Dhanapriya, Thanigachalam Dineshkumar, T Bala Subramaniyan, Natarajan Gopalakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the major determinants of graft survival in kidney transplantation (KTx). Renal Transplant recipients are more vulnerable to develop AKI than general population. AKI in the transplant recipient differs from community acquired, in terms of risk factors, etiology and outcome. Our aim was to study the incidence, risk factors, etiology, outcome and the impact of AKI on graft survival. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 219 renal transplant recipients (both live and deceased donor) was done...
October 24, 2016: Renal Failure
Sanjay K Agarwal, Dipankar Bhowmik, Sandeep Mahajan, Soumita Bagchi
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis (TB) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in renal transplant recipient (RTR). Immunosuppressive drugs are one of the most important risk factor for post-transplant tuberculosis (PTTB). A paucity of data exists about the impact of the type of calcineurin inhibitor on PTTB. METHODS: In this retrospective study, all adult patients on calcineurin inhibitor-based immunosuppression were included. Patients receiving TB chemoprophylaxis were excluded...
October 24, 2016: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
O P Prajapati, A K Verma, R K Sharma, M Sabaretnam
We conducted a prospective study (between November 2013 and January 2015) to identify "foot at risk" in the diabetic renal transplant patients at a Tertiary Care Hospital in India. Patients (151) were divided into three groups: diabetic transplant recipients (n = 42), new onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT) (n = 59), and controls (nondiabetic renal transplant recipients) (n = 50). Foot neuropathy and vasculopathy were assessed by standard methods. Patients with "at risk" feet were given foot care advice...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
I Dedinská, Ľ Laca, J Miklušica, D Kantárová, P Galajda, M Mokáň
BACKGROUND: New-onset diabetes mellitus after transplantation (NODAT) is a well-known complication of transplantation. OBJECTIVE: To determine the correlation between CMV infection and NODAT. METHODS: Retrospectively, we detected CMV replication (PCR) in every month after renal transplantation in the first 12 months of the procedure in a homogenous group of patients from the immunosuppression point of view. RESULTS: In 167 patients (64 with NODAT and 103 in the control group), the average amount of CMV viremia was not significantly different between the NODAT and the control group (p=0...
2016: International Journal of Organ Transplantation Medicine
Ester García-Casarrubios, Carlos de Moura, Ana I Arroba, Nuria Pescador, María Calderon-Dominguez, Laura Garcia, Laura Herrero, Dolors Serra, Susana Cadenas, Flavio Reis, Eugenia Carvalho, Maria Jesus Obregon, Ángela M Valverde
New onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT) is a metabolic disorder that affects 40% of patients on immunosuppressive agent (IA) treatment, such as rapamycin (also known as sirolimus). IAs negatively modulate insulin action in peripheral tissues including skeletal muscle, liver and white fat. However, the effects of IAs on insulin sensitivity and thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT) have not been investigated. We have analyzed the impact of rapamycin on insulin signaling, thermogenic gene-expression and mitochondrial respiration in BAT...
December 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Alireza Mehrnia, Thuy X Le, Tamer R Tamer, Suphamai Bunnapradist
Improving long-term transplant and patient survival is still an ongoing challenge in kidney transplant medicine. Our objective was to identify the subsequent risks of new-onset diabetes after transplant (NODAT) and acute rejection (AR) in the first year post-transplant in predicting mortality and transplant failure. A total of 4687 patients without preexisting diabetes (age 2-20 years, 2004-2010) surviving with a functioning transplant for longer than 1 year with at least one follow-up report were identified from the OPTN/UNOS database as of September 2014...
August 31, 2016: Pediatric Transplantation
Mengjuan Xue, Chaoyang Lv, Xianying Chen, Jing Liang, Chenhe Zhao, Yao Zhang, Xiaowu Huang, Qiman Sun, Ting Wang, Jian Gao, Jian Zhou, Mingxiang Yu, Jia Fan, Xin Gao
AIM: To investigate whether donor liver steatosis increases the incidence of new-onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT) in liver transplant recipients. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed liver transplant recipients at our hospital from April 2001 to December 2014. The final analysis involved 763 patients. The cumulative incidence of NODAT at 1, 3, 5, and 10 years after liver transplantation was investigated. Further, according to the findings of donor liver biopsy before transplantation, patients were divided into steatotic and non-steatotic donor liver groups, and NODAT incidence was compared between these groups...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
D Cieniawski, P Miarka, E Ignacak, A Bętkowska-Prokop, M Waluś-Miarka, B Idzior-Waluś, M Kuźniewski, W Sułowicz
BACKGROUND: Patients who are receiving immunosuppressive treatment after kidney transplantation are at greater risk of developing new-onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT). New biochemical markers that may contribute to a better assessment of the prognosis of renal failure for patients diagnosed with diabetes mellitus (DM) are needed. The aim of this study was to assess selected proinflammatory markers in patients after kidney transplantation depending on the prevalence of DM and to evaluate the predictive value of these cytokines...
June 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Hoon Yu, Hyosang Kim, Chung Hee Baek, Seung Don Baek, Soomin Jeung, Duck Jong Han, Su-Kil Park
BACKGROUND: New-onset diabetes mellitus after transplantation (NODAT) is a serious complication following renal transplantation. The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors for the development of NODAT in Korean transplant patients. METHODS: Recipients who underwent living donor kidney transplantation between January 2009 and April 2012 at Asan Medical Center were reviewed. Diagnosis of NODAT was defined according to the American Diabetes Association criteria...
2016: BMC Nephrology
Oluwatoyin Bamgbola
Among other factors, sophistication of immunosuppressive (IS) regimen accounts for the remarkable success attained in the short- and medium-term solid organ transplant (SOT) survival. The use of steroids, mycophenolate mofetil and calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) have led to annual renal graft survival rates exceeding 90% in the last six decades. On the other hand, attrition rates of the allograft beyond the first year have remained unchanged. In addition, there is a persistent high cardiovascular (CV) mortality rate among transplant recipients with functioning grafts...
June 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism
S Ong, S-W Kang, Y-H Kim, T-H Kim, K-H Jeong, S-K Kim, Y-C Yoon, S-K Seo, J-Y Moon, S-H Lee, C-G Ihm, T-W Lee, J-H Chung
BACKGROUND: New-onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT) is a serious metabolic complication that may follow renal transplantation. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) contribute to insulin insufficiency and beta-cell dysfunction in a rat model. The MMP-2 concentrations were lower in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, and the plasma MMPs levels were related to diabetes. Similar to the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance and insulin secretion dysfunction occur in patients with the development of NODAT...
April 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Charat Thongprayoon, Priya Vijayvargiya, Pimjai Anthanont, Stephen B Erickson
OBJECTIVES: New-onset diabetes after kidney transplantation (NODAT) is associated with both renal allograft failure and increased rates of mortality. The objective of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the risk for NODAT in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). METHODS: A literature search was performed using MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from inception through July 2015. Studies that reported relative risks, odd ratios or hazard ratios comparing the risk for NODAT in patients with ADPKD were included...
December 2016: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Allon Kahn, Justin A Reynolds, Harini A Chakkera, Bashar A Aqel, Thomas J Byrne, David D Douglas, Adyr A Moss, Hugo E Vargas, Elizabeth J Carey
BACKGROUND: Liver transplant recipients are at increased risk of metabolic complications, including new-onset diabetes mellitus after transplantation (NODAT) and post-transplant metabolic syndrome (PTMS), both of which are associated with decreased patient survival. We prospectively monitored traditional and novel metabolic parameters in nondiabetic liver transplantation (LT) candidates to determine their role in detecting these conditions. METHODS: Nondiabetic adults undergoing initial LT were prospectively identified...
August 2016: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
E A Cohen, D Mulligan, S Kulkarni, E M Tichy
Benefits of belatacept-based immunosuppressive regimens in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive renal transplant recipients include avoidance of drug interactions between calcineurin inhibitors and highly active antiretroviral agents and decreased likelihood or severity of nonimmune toxicities such as new-onset diabetes after transplant, hyperlipidemia and hypertension. We report a successful case of de novo belatacept at >18 mo from transplant in an HIV-positive black man aged 50 years who received his first transplant from a living related kidney donor...
September 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
Ayse Sinangil, Vedat Celik, Soykan Barlas, Tamer Sakaci, Yener Koc, Taner Basturk, Emin Baris Akin, Tevfik Ecder
AIM: Hypomagnesemia is a frequent finding in kidney transplant patients and plays a causal role in insulin resistance and diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the pretransplant magnesium (Mg) level is a risk factor for the development of new-onset diabetes after kidney transplantation (NODAT) and the presence of relationship between pretransplant hypomagnesemia and the development period of NODAT. METHODS: Four hundred and nineteen nondiabetic renal transplant recipients were evaluated retrospectively...
March 2016: Progress in Transplantation
Tess Montada-Atin, Diana Choi, Minna Woo, Ravi Retnakaran, Michael Huang, G V Ramesh Prasad, Jeffrey S Zaltzman
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESAs) protect mice against the development of diabetes through direct effects on pancreatic ß cells. However, the effect of ESAs on the incidence of diabetes in humans has not been well studied. It is unknown whether exposure to ESAs is associated with a reduced incidence of new-onset diabetes after transplant (NODAT). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine the relationship between ESA exposure post-renal transplant and the development of NODAT...
2016: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
Amisha Wallia, Vidhya Illuri, Mark E Molitch
Patients who undergo solid organ transplantation may have preexisting diabetes mellitus (DM), develop new-onset DM after transplantation (NODAT), or have postoperative hyperglycemia that resolves shortly after surgery. Although insulin is usually used to control hyperglycemia in the hospital, following discharge most of the usual diabetes oral and parenteral medications can be used in treatment. However, when there are comorbidities such as impaired kidney or hepatic function, or heart disease, special precautions may be necessary...
May 2016: Medical Clinics of North America
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