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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828249/quid-est-clea-helena-evidence-for-a-previously-unrecognized-radiation-of-assassin-snails-gastropoda-buccinoidea-nassariidae
#1
Ellen E Strong, Lee Ann Galindo, Yuri I Kantor
The genus Clea from SE Asia is from one of only two unrelated families among the megadiverse predatory marine Neogastropoda to have successfully conquered continental waters. While little is known about their anatomy, life history and ecology, interest has grown exponentially in recent years owing to their increasing popularity as aquarium pets. However, the systematic affinities of the genus and the validity of the included species have not been robustly explored. Differences in shell, operculum and radula characters support separation of Clea as presently defined into two distinct genera: Clea, for the type species Clea nigricans and its allies, and Anentome for Clea helena and allies...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808792/using-natural-language-processing-of-free-text-radiology-reports-to-identify-type-1-modic-endplate-changes
#2
Hannu T Huhdanpaa, W Katherine Tan, Sean D Rundell, Pradeep Suri, Falgun H Chokshi, Bryan A Comstock, Patrick J Heagerty, Kathryn T James, Andrew L Avins, Srdjan S Nedeljkovic, David R Nerenz, David F Kallmes, Patrick H Luetmer, Karen J Sherman, Nancy L Organ, Brent Griffith, Curtis P Langlotz, David Carrell, Saeed Hassanpour, Jeffrey G Jarvik
Electronic medical record (EMR) systems provide easy access to radiology reports and offer great potential to support quality improvement efforts and clinical research. Harnessing the full potential of the EMR requires scalable approaches such as natural language processing (NLP) to convert text into variables used for evaluation or analysis. Our goal was to determine the feasibility of using NLP to identify patients with Type 1 Modic endplate changes using clinical reports of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging examinations of the spine...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806953/a-fast-healthcare-interoperability-resources-fhir-layer-implemented-over-i2b2
#3
Abdelali Boussadi, Eric Zapletal
BACKGROUND: Standards and technical specifications have been developed to define how the information contained in Electronic Health Records (EHRs) should be structured, semantically described, and communicated. Current trends rely on differentiating the representation of data instances from the definition of clinical information models. The dual model approach, which combines a reference model (RM) and a clinical information model (CIM), sets in practice this software design pattern. The most recent initiative, proposed by HL7, is called Fast Health Interoperability Resources (FHIR)...
August 14, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805668/locally-sustainable-school-lunch-intervention-improves-hemoglobin-and-hematocrit-levels-and-body-mass-index-among-elementary-schoolchildren-in-rural-west-java-indonesia
#4
Makiko Sekiyama, Katrin Roosita, Ryutaro Ohtsuka
School lunch is not provided in public elementary schools in Indonesia, and students frequently buy and eat snacks at school. We hypothesized that providing a traditional Sundanese meal as school lunch would be beneficial for children in rural West Java. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated the effect of a 1-month school lunch intervention aiming at sustainability and based on children's nutritional intake, hemoglobin and hematocrit levels, and body mass index (BMI). A lunch (including rice, vegetable dish, animal protein dish, plant protein dish, and fruit) containing one-third of the recommended daily allowance of energy was offered every school day for 1 month, targeting 68 fourth-grade elementary schoolchildren...
August 12, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796045/with-a-little-help-from-a-computer-discriminating-between-bacterial-and-viral-meningitis-based-on-dominance-based-rough-set-approach-analysis
#5
Ewelina Gowin, Danuta Januszkiewicz-Lewandowska, Roman Słowiński, Jerzy Błaszczyński, Michał Michalak, Jacek Wysocki
Differential Diagnosis of bacterial and viral meningitis remains an important clinical problem. A number of methods to assist in the diagnoses of meningitis have been developed, but none of them have been found to have high specificity with 100% sensitivity.We conducted a retrospective analysis of the medical records of 148 children hospitalized in St. Joseph Children's Hospital in Poznań. In this study, we applied for the first time the original methodology of dominance-based rough set approach (DRSA) to diagnostic patterns of meningitis data and represented them by decision rules useful in discriminating between bacterial and viral meningitis...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792687/ols-client-and-ols-dialog-open-source-tools-to-annotate-public-omics-datasets
#6
Yasset Perez-Riverol, Tobias Ternent, Maximilian Koch, Harald Barsnes, Olga Vrousgou, Simon Jupp, Juan Antonio Vizcaíno
The availability of user-friendly software to annotate biological datasets and experimental details is becoming essential in data management practices, both in local storage systems and in public databases. The Ontology Lookup Service (OLS, http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ols) is a popular centralized service to query, browse and navigate biomedical ontologies and controlled vocabularies. Recently, the OLS framework has been completely redeveloped (version 3.0), including enhancements in the data model, like the added support for Web Ontology Language (OWL)-based ontologies, among many other improvements...
August 9, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769568/incidence-causative-drugs-and-economic-consequences-of-drug-induced-sjs-ten-and-sjs-ten-overlap-and-potential-drug-drug-interactions-during-treatment-a-retrospective-analysis-at-an-indonesian-referral-hospital
#7
Rizky Abdulah, Tazkia F Suwandiman, Nadhira Handayani, Dika P Destiani, Auliya A Suwantika, Melisa I Barliana, Keri Lestari
BACKGROUND: Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are acute life-threatening adverse drug reactions (ADRs) that are commonly caused by medications. Apart from their contribution to morbidity and mortality, these diseases may also present substantial consequences on health care resources. In this study, we aimed to identify the incidence, causative drugs, and economic consequences of these serious ADRs and potential drug-drug interactions (DDIs) during treatment...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768481/piil-visualization-of-dna-methylation-and-gene-expression-data-in-gene-pathways
#8
Behrooz Torabi Moghadam, Neda Zamani, Jan Komorowski, Manfred Grabherr
BACKGROUND: DNA methylation is a major mechanism involved in the epigenetic state of a cell. It has been observed that the methylation status of certain CpG sites close to or within a gene can directly affect its expression, either by silencing or, in some cases, up-regulating transcription. However, a vertebrate genome contains millions of CpG sites, all of which are potential targets for methylation, and the specific effects of most sites have not been characterized to date. To study the complex interplay between methylation status, cellular programs, and the resulting phenotypes, we present PiiL, an interactive gene expression pathway browser, facilitating analyses through an integrated view of methylation and expression on multiple levels...
August 2, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766465/the-dynamic-of-tuberculosis-case-finding-in-the-era-of-the-public-private-mix-strategy-for-tuberculosis-control-in-central-java-indonesia
#9
Reviono Reviono, Wahyu Setianingsih, Kusmadewi Eka Damayanti, Ratna Ekasari
BACKGROUND: The public-private mix (PPM) strategy has strengthened tuberculosis care and control in many countries. Indonesia, a country with a high tuberculosis burden, has a low tuberculosis case detection rate (CDR), despite PPM implementation in 2003. The PPM in Indonesia involves primary healthcare centers, hospitals, and specialized chest clinics. The long-term impact of the strategy is unknown. OBJECTIVE:  We aimed to explore the case detection achievements of the tuberculosis program since PPM implementation in Central Java in 2003...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763720/increasing-the-uptake-of-long-acting-and-permanent-methods-of-family-planning-a-qualitative-study-with-village-midwives-in-east-java-and-nusa-tenggara-barat-provinces-indonesia
#10
Christiana R Titaley, Ratna U Wijayanti, Rita Damayanti, Agus Dwi Setiawan, Dadun, Dini Dachlia, Ferdinand Siagian, Heru Suparno, Dwi Astuti Yunita Saputri, Sarah Harlan, Yunita Wahyuningrum, Douglas Storey
OBJECTIVE: this analysis aims to explore midwives' insights into the provision of long-acting and permanent methods of contraception (LAPMs) in the selected areas of East Java and Nusa Tenggara Barat (NTB) Provinces, Indonesia. DESIGN: a qualitative study using in-depth interviews was conducted with 12 village midwives from 12 villages, to explore their perceptions and experiences in delivering family planning services. SETTING: the study was carried out in May-June 2013, as part of the baseline assessment in the Improving Contraceptive Method Mix (ICMM) study...
July 20, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758628/dictyobacter-aurantiacus-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-member-of-the-family-ktedonobacteraceae-isolated-from-soil-and-emended-description-of-the-genus-thermosporothrix
#11
Shuhei Yabe, Yasuteru Sakai, Keietsu Abe, Akira Yokota, Akira Také, Atsuko Matsumoto, Arwan Sugiharto, Dwiningsih Susilowati, Moriyuki Hamada, Kazuhide Nara, I Made Sudiana, Shigeto Otsuka
A mesophilic, Gram-stain-positive, spore-forming bacterium that formed branched mycelia was isolated from paddy soil in Gunung Salak (Mount Salak), West Java, Indonesia. This strain, designated S-27T, grew at temperatures between 20 and 37 °C; the optimum growth temperature was 25 to 30 °C, and no growth was observed at 15 or 45 °C. The pH range for growth was pH 3.5 to 8.6; the optimum pH was 6.0, and no growth was observed at pH 3.0 or 9.2. Strain S-27T was able to hydrolyse polysaccharides such as starch, cellulose and xylan...
July 31, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748430/inicu-integrated-neonatal-care-unit-capturing-neonatal-journey-in-an-intelligent-data-way
#12
Harpreet Singh, Gautam Yadav, Raghuram Mallaiah, Preetha Joshi, Vinay Joshi, Ravneet Kaur, Suneyna Bansal, Samir K Brahmachari
Neonatal period represents first 28 days of life, which is the most vulnerable time for a child's survival especially for the preterm babies. High neonatal mortality is a prominent and persistent problem across the globe. Non-availability of trained staff and infrastructure are the major recognized hurdles in the quality care of these neonates. Hourly progress growth charts and reports are still maintained manually by nurses along with continuous calculation of drug dosage and nutrition as per the changing weight of the baby...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743033/analysis-of-the-genetic-structure-of-the-malay-population-ancestry-informative-marker-snps-in-the-malay-of-peninsular-malaysia
#13
Padillah Yahya, Sarina Sulong, Azian Harun, Hatin Wan Isa, Nur-Shafawati Ab Rajab, Pongsakorn Wangkumhang, Alisa Wilantho, Chumpol Ngamphiw, Sissades Tongsima, Zilfalil Alwi
Malay, the main ethnic group in Peninsular Malaysia, is represented by various sub-ethnic groups such as Melayu Banjar, Melayu Bugis, Melayu Champa, Melayu Java, Melayu Kedah Melayu Kelantan, Melayu Minang and Melayu Patani. Using data retrieved from the MyHVP (Malaysian Human Variome Project) database, a total of 135 individuals from these sub-ethnic groups were profiled using the Affymetrix GeneChip Mapping Xba 50-K single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array to identify SNPs that were ancestry-informative markers (AIMs) for Malays of Peninsular Malaysia...
July 14, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724923/contrasting-evolutionary-patterns-between-two-haplogroups-of-haematobia-exigua-diptera-muscidae-from-the-mainland-and-islands-of-southeast-asia
#14
Van Lun Low, Tiong Kai Tan, Batah Kunalan Prakash, Wei Yin Vinnie-Siow, Sun Tee Tay, Roungthip Masmeatathip, Upik Kesumawati Hadi, Yvonne Ai Lian Lim, Chee Dhang Chen, Yusoff Norma-Rashid, Mohd Sofian-Azirun
Uncovering the hidden diversity and evolutionary history of arthropods of medico-veterinary importance could have significant implications for vector-borne disease control and epidemiological intervention. The buffalo fly Haematobia exigua is an obligate bloodsucking ectoparasite of livestock. As an initial step towards understanding its population structures and biogeographic patterns, we characterized partial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) and cytochrome b (Cytb) sequences of H. exigua from three distinct geographic regions in Southeast Asia...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724851/potential-risk-of-viral-transmission-from-flying-foxes-to-domestic-animals-and-humans-on-the-southern-coast-of-west-java-indonesia
#15
Chaerul Basri, Eko Muhammad Zainal Arifin, Hitoshi Takemae, Yupadee Hengjan, Keisuke Iida, Etih Sudarnika, Abdul Zahid, Retno Damayanti Soejoedono, Heru Susetya, Bambang Sumiarto, Ryosuke Kobayashi, Srihadi Agungpriyono, Eiichi Hondo
Flying foxes have been considered to be involved in the transmission of serious infectious diseases to humans. Using questionnaires, we aimed to determine the direct and/or indirect contacts of flying foxes in an Indonesian nature conservation area with domestic animals and humans living in the surrounding area. We surveyed 150 residents of 10 villages in West Java. Villages were classified into 3 groups: inside and/or within 1 km from the outer border of the conservation area and 1-5 km or 5-10 km away from the reserve's outer border...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715152/demographic-and-ecological-risk-factors-for-human-influenza-a-virus-infections-in-rural-indonesia
#16
Elisabeth Dowling Root, Dwi Agustian, Cissy Kartasasmita, Timothy M Uyeki, Eric A F Simões
BACKGROUND: Indonesia has the world's highest reported mortality for human infections with highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) A(H5N1) virus. Indonesia is an agriculturally-driven country where human-animal mixing is common and provides a unique environment for zoonotic influenza A virus transmission. OBJECTIVES: To identify potential demographic and ecological risk factors for human infection with seasonal influenza A viruses in rural Indonesia, a population-based study was conducted in Cileunyi and Soreang sub-districts near Bandung in western Java from 2008 to 2011...
July 17, 2017: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712156/-unfit-for-human-consumption-a-study-of-the-contamination-of-formula-milk-fed-to-young-children-in-east-java-indonesia
#17
Sarah Gibson, Daniel Sahanggamu, Dewi Fatmaningrum, Val Curtis, Sian White
OBJECTIVES: To examine levels of bacterial contamination in formula feeding bottles in Sidoarjo, East Java, and to assess the preparation practices that may have been responsible. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 92 randomly selected households with children under the age of two who were bottle-fed formula. In each household, we carried out video observation of mothers/caregivers preparing bottles, and examined samples of formula for coliform bacteria and Escherichia coli (E...
July 16, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695440/an-ir-sensor-based-smart-system-to-approximate-core-body-temperature
#18
Partha Pratim Ray
Herein demonstrated experiment studies two methods, namely convection and body resistance, to approximate human core body temperature. The proposed system is highly energy efficient that consumes only 165 mW power and runs on 5 VDC source. The implemented solution employs an IR thermographic sensor of industry grade along with AT Mega 328 breakout board. Ordinarily, the IR sensor is placed 1.5-30 cm away from human forehead (i.e., non-invasive) and measured the raw data in terms of skin and ambient temperature which is then converted using appropriate approximation formula to find out core body temperature...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688496/change-in-care-dependency-of-stroke-patients-a-longitudinal-and-multicenter-study
#19
Nursiswati Nursiswati, Ruud J G Halfens, Christa Lohrmann
PURPOSE: The study was conducted to investigate the change of care dependency in stroke patients from inpatient wards and outpatient units in Indonesia. METHODS: This study is longitudinal and multicentered. One hundred and nine patients were included from four hospitals on the island of Java. Care dependency was assessed using the Indonesian version of the 15-item Care Dependency Scale (CDS) at five points in time: at inpatient wards for admission and discharge and at outpatient units after discharge in the 1st week, the 5th week, and the 13th week...
June 2017: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685036/mapping-the-global-research-landscape-and-knowledge-gaps-on-multimorbidity-a-bibliometric-study
#20
Xiaolin Xu, Gita D Mishra, Mark Jones
BACKGROUND: To summarize global research trends and activities on multimorbidity; then to assess the knowledge gaps and to identify implications for knowledge exchange between high income countries (HICs) and low- and middle- income countries (LMICs). METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted to identify research publications on multimorbidity in the Web of Science(TM), as well as diabetes, depression, hypertension, and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
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