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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523792/the-impact-of-calcineurin-inhibitors-on-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-and-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-in-long-term-kidney-transplant-patients
#1
Inger Hjørdis Bleskestad, Inga Strand Thorsen, Grete Jonsson, Øyvind Skadberg, Lasse Gunnar Gøransson
BACKGROUND: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a protein with bacteriostatic functions rapidly excreted from stimulated or damaged epithelial cells, is elevated in acute and chronic kidney disease. A calcineurin dependent signaling pathway for fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) has been revealed, but the effect of calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) on the levels of NGAL and markers of mineral metabolism in long-term kidney transplant patients has not been explored. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 39 patients who received a first kidney transplant more than 10 years ago were split into two groups based on whether (n=28) or not (n=11) they used CNIs...
May 19, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522674/prognostic-value-of-urinary-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-on-the-first-day-of-admission-for-adverse-events-in-patients-with-acute-decompensated-heart-failure
#2
Yasuki Nakada, Rika Kawakami, Masaru Matsui, Tomoya Ueda, Tomoya Nakano, Akihiro Takitsume, Hitoshi Nakagawa, Taku Nishida, Kenji Onoue, Tsunenari Soeda, Satoshi Okayama, Makoto Watanabe, Hiroyuki Kawata, Hiroyuki Okura, Yoshihiko Saito
BACKGROUND: Urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (U-NGAL) is an early predictor of acute kidney injury and adverse events in various diseases; however, in acute decompensated heart failure patients, its significance remains poorly understood. This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of U-NGAL on the first day of admission for the occurrence of acute kidney injury and long-term outcomes in acute decompensated heart failure patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 260 acute decompensated heart failure patients admitted to our department between 2011 and 2014 by measuring U-NGAL in 24-hour urine samples collected on the first day of admission...
May 18, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507626/follow-up-of-value-of-the-intrarenal-resistivity-indices-and-different-renal-biomarkers-for-early-identification-of-diabetic-nephropathy-in-type-1-diabetic-patients
#3
Soha Abd El Dayem, Abo El Magd El Bohy, Mona Hamed, Solaf Ahmed
AIM: To evaluate intrarenal resistivity index (RI) and different biomarkers of diabetic nephropathy (DN) with clinical signs of DN and its progression over time as early detection of DN. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This longitudinal study included 48 type 1 diabetic patients who were studied at baseline and after three years. A blood sample was taken for assessment of glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1), lipid profile and a urine sample was taken for assessment of albumin/creatinine ratio, Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), liver-type fatty acid binding protein (L-FABP) and kidney injury molecule-1 (Kim-1) at baseline and after three years...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506550/cardioprotective-efficacy-of-sevoflurane-vs-propofol-during-induction-and-or-maintenance-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-revascularization-surgery-without-pump-a-randomized-trial
#4
J L Guerrero Orriach, M Galán Ortega, A Ramirez Fernandez, M Ramirez Aliaga, M I Moreno Cortes, D Ariza Villanueva, A Florez Vela, J Alcaide Torres, C Santiago Fernandez, E Matute Gonzalez, E Alsina Marcos, J J Escalona Belmonte, M Rubio Navarro, L Garrido Sanchez, J Cruz Mañas
PURPOSE: Pre and post-operative administration of sevoflurane in myocardial revascularization surgery provides enhanced cardioprotective effects exerted by pharmacologic pre- and post-conditioning, as compared to propofol. The identification of the enzymes involved in conditioning mechanisms is crucial to the understanding of the effects of sevoflurane in cardiac surgery patients. The impact of sevoflurane on another crucial target organ-the kidney-was also assessed. METHODS: Ninety patients undergoing off-pump myocardial revascularization surgery were allocated to receive either intra- and postoperative sevoflurane (SS), intraoperative sevoflurane and postoperative propofol (SP), or intra- and postoperative propofol (PP))...
May 3, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506129/kidney-injury-in-infants-and-children-with-iron-deficiency-anemia-before-and-after-iron-treatment
#5
Rasha H Hassan, Shaimaa M Kandil, Mayada S Zeid, Maysaa E Zaki, Ashraf E Fouda
BACKGROUND: Our study aimed to investigate the effects of iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) on renal tubular functions before and after iron treatment for infants and children with IDA. We measured urinary levels of two kidney injury markers: neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-six infants and children with IDA and 20 matched healthy controls were included. We assessed different laboratory parameters, estimated glomerular filtration rate, urinary levels of NGAL, and L-FABP...
May 16, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505627/endothelial-damage-signals-refractory-acute-kidney-injury-in-critically-ill-patients
#6
Theis S Itenov, Jens-Ulrik Jensen, Sisse R Ostrowski, Pär I Johansson, Katrin M Thormar, Jens D Lundgren, Morten H Bestle
Critically ill patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) are heterogeneous on pathophysiology and prognosis. The role of endothelial damage in the pathogenesis of refractory AKI has not been clarified. The aim was to determine if biomarkers of endothelial damage, independently of the inflammatory insult on the kidney, can predict recovery of acute kidney injury. METHODS: From the "Procalcitonin And Survival Study" multicenter intensive care unit cohort, followed for 28 days after admission, we included patients without chronic kidney disease, who survived >24 h after admission and with plasma samples at admission available for biomarker analysis...
June 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482803/serum-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-levels-predict-the-neurological-outcomes-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-victims
#7
Tadashi Kaneko, Motoki Fujita, Yasuaki Ogino, Takahiro Yamamoto, Ryosuke Tsuruta, Shunji Kasaoka
BACKGROUND: Serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is a well-known biomarker of acute kidney injury. Serum NGAL was recently proposed as a potential predictor of mortality in post cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS) patients following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). However, the potential predictive value of NGAL for neurological outcomes is unknown. Therefore, we assessed the potential predictive value of NGAL for neurological outcomes after OHCA. We also compared its predictive value with that of neuron-specific enolase (NSE) as an established biomarker...
May 8, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469399/a-novel-biomarker-panel-to-identify-steroid-resistance-in-childhood-idiopathic-nephrotic-syndrome
#8
Michael R Bennett, LaTawnya Pleasant, Christopher Haffner, Qing Ma, Wendy D Haffey, Jun Ying, Michael Wagner, Kenneth D Greis, Prasad Devarajan
Idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (NS) is the most common glomerular disorder of childhood. Response to initial treatment with corticosteroids is an indicator of prognosis, as resistant patients often present more progressive disease. In this cross-sectional pilot study, we set out to discover a panel of noninvasive biomarkers that could distinguish steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) from steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS). Information gleaned from such a panel could yield more individualized treatment plans and prevent unnecessary steroid exposure in patients unlikely to respond...
2017: Biomarker Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465698/effects-of-atorvastatin-on-biomarkers-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-amikacin-recipients-a-pilot-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#9
Behrooz Heydari, Hossein Khalili, Mohammad-Taghi Beigmohammadi, Alireza Abdollahi, Iman Karimzadeh
BACKGROUND: The most common clinical indication of aminoglycosides (AG) is the treatment of serious Gram-negative infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate plausible effects of atorvastatin on the biomarkers of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients receiving amikacin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this double-blinded randomized clinical trial, fifty patients (25 in each group) receiving amikacin (15 mg/kg/day) were randomly assigned to either atorvastatin (40 mg/day) or placebo (40 mg/day) groups for 7 days...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454401/safety-and-effectiveness-of-localized-lung-resection-combined-with-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-stage-i-ii-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#10
Bing Zhu, Jianru Yang, Pei Zhang, Lin Shen, Xiaolong Li, Jing Li
This study was conducted to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of localized lung resection combined with neoadjuvant chemotherapy in the treatment of stage I-II non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A total of 88 patients, who were admitted to our hospital for first diagnosis and treatment, were selected. The patients were divided into control group (n=40 cases) and observation group (n=48 cases) according to the last digit of the admission number. The control group was treated with minimally invasive localized lung resection by thoracoscope...
April 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452097/neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-accurately-predicts-renal-tubular-injury-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-administered-with-nucleos-t-ide-analogs
#11
Yao Zhang, Jing Li, Fahong Li, Xun Qi, Jiming Zhang
AIM: Little is currently known regarding the impact on tubular function in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) under long-term use of nucleos(t)ide analogs. Previous studies showed that neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) elevation was associated with renal tubular injury. We evaluated renal function markers and bone mineral density (BMD) in patients treated long-term with adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) or entecavir (ETV). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study,we enrolled 78 patients (ADV: 36, ETV: 42), and 21 patients matched for age, observation time, and baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) from each group...
April 28, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424824/resistin-and-ngal-are-associated-with-inflammatory-response-endothelial-activation-and-clinical-outcomes-in-sepsis
#12
Stephen P J Macdonald, Erika Bosio, Claire Neil, Glenn Arendts, Sally Burrows, Lisa Smart, Simon G A Brown, Daniel M Fatovich
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: Resistin and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) are upregulated in circulating leucocytes in sepsis, but the significance of this is uncertain. We evaluated associations between Resistin and NGAL with endothelial cell activation and clinical outcomes in a prospective observational study in the Emergency Department (ED). METHODS: Serum levels of Resistin, NGAL, inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-10) and soluble endothelial adhesion molecules (VCAM-1, ICAM-1) were measured at defined time points up to 24 h...
April 19, 2017: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419138/clinical-significance-of-ngal-and-kim-1-for-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-with-scrub-typhus
#13
In O Sun, Sung Hye Shin, A Young Cho, Hyun Ju Yoon, Mi Yok Chang, Kwang Young Lee
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical significance of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) for acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with scrub typhus. METHODS: From 2014 to 2015, 145 patients were diagnosed with scrub typhus. Of these, we enrolled 138 patients who were followed up until renal recovery or for at least 3 months. We measured serum and urine NGAL and KIM-1 levels and evaluated prognostic factors affecting scrub typhus-associated AKI...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417544/urine-biomarkers-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-noncritically-ill-hospitalized-children-treated-with-chemotherapy
#14
Maya Sterling, Zubaida Al-Ismaili, Kelly R McMahon, Melissa Piccioni, Michael Pizzi, Theresa Mottes, Larry C Lands, Sharon Abish, Adam J Fleming, Michael R Bennett, Ana Palijan, Prasad Devarajan, Stuart L Goldstein, Maureen M O'Brien, Michael Zappitelli
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin (Cis), carboplatin (Carb), and ifosfamide (Ifos) are common nephrotoxic chemotherapies. Biomarkers of tubular injury may allow for early acute kidney injury (AKI) diagnosis. PROCEDURE: We performed a two-center (Canada, United States) pilot study to prospectively measure serum creatinine (SCr), urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and interleukin-18 (IL-18) in children receiving Cis/Carb (27 episodes), Ifos (30 episodes), and in 15 hospitalized, nonchemotherapy patients...
April 18, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413463/diagnostic-value-of-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-for-renal-injury-in-asphyxiated-preterm-infants
#15
Yu'E Song, Shuzhen Sun, Yonghui Yu, Gang Li, Jia Song, Hong Zhang, Chunmei Yan
The aim of the present study was to analyze the diagnostic value of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in renal injury in asphyxiated preterm infants. In total, 48 cases of asphyxiated preterm infants, 45 cases of premature infants and 45 cases of normal newborn infants were included in the study. Using ELISA we evaluated the level of urine NGAL, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), cystatin C (Cys-C) and serum creatinine (Scr). We also calculated the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)...
April 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409285/urinary-calprotectin-kidney-injury-molecule-1-and-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-for-the-prediction-of-adverse-outcome-in-pediatric-acute-kidney-injury
#16
Jens H Westhoff, Felix S Seibert, Sina Waldherr, Frederic Bauer, Burkhard Tönshoff, Alexander Fichtner, Timm H Westhoff
Early identification of patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) being at high risk for adverse outcome can influence medical treatment. This study compares urinary calprotectin, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) for their performance in predicting mortality and need for renal replacement therapy (RRT) in pediatric AKI patients. Urinary biomarker concentrations were assessed prospectively in 141 subjects aged 0-18 years including 55 patients with established AKI according to pediatric Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, and End-stage kidney disease (pRIFLE) criteria, 27 patients without AKI, and 59 healthy children...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397074/plasma-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-ngal-is-an-indicator-of-interstitial-damage-and-a-predictor-of-kidney-function-worsening-of-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-early-stage-a-pilot-study
#17
Hidekazu Moriya, Yasuhiro Mochida, Kunihiko Ishioka, Machiko Oka, Kyoko Maesato, Sumi Hidaka, Takayasu Ohtake, Shuzo Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine whether plasma neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels predict the outcome of kidney function and correlate with the severity of tubulointerstitial damages in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: In this prospective 18-month cohort study of 112 patients with CKD between 2010 and 2011, associations between plasma NGAL levels and estimated glomerular filtration ratio (eGFR), further worsening of kidney function and histological lesion on kidney biopsy were investigated...
April 10, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393227/neutrophil-gelatinase%C3%A2-associated-lipocalin-as-a-potential-novel-biomarker-for-ventilator%C3%A2-associated-lung-injury
#18
Rui Xiao, Rongchang Chen
Neutrophil gelatinase‑associated lipocalin (NGAL) is a 25‑kDa protein of the lipocalin superfamily and its presence was initially observed in activated neutrophils. It has previously been demonstrated that the expression of NGAL is markedly increased in stimulated epithelia, and is important in the innate immunological response to various pathophysiological conditions, including infection, cancer, inflammation and kidney injury. The present study constructed a ventilator‑associated lung injury model in mice...
June 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390094/early-experience-with-hypothermic-machine-perfusion-of-living-donor-kidneys
#19
Michael Moser, Nathan Ginther, Yigang Luo, Gavin Beck, Ronn Ginther, Marla Ewen, Rhianna Matsche-Neufeld, Ahmed Shoker, Grzegorz Sawicki
BACKGROUND: Although hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) has been shown to be beneficial to deceased donor kidneys, the effect of HMP on Living Donor Kidneys (LDK) is unknown. LDK are subjected to minutes of normothermic ischemia at the time of recovery. METHODS: Comparison of 16 LDK preserved by HMP with 16 LDK preserved by static cold storage (SCS). Outcomes of interest are resistive indices (RI), both while on HMP and postoperatively, and creatinine clearance (CrCl)...
April 8, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389813/plasma-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-is-associated-with-iron-status-in-anemic-patients-with-pre-dialysis-chronic-kidney-disease
#20
Il Young Kim, Joo Hui Kim, Dong Won Lee, Soo Bong Lee, Harin Rhee, Sang Heon Song, Eun Young Seong, Ihm Soo Kwak
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a biomarker of acute kidney injury, is known to be associated with iron metabolism. We investigated whether plasma NGAL level is associated with iron status in pre-dialysis CKD patients with anemia. METHODS: This study included 419 patients who had anemia. The subjects were into categorized into a pre-dialysis group (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] <60 ml/min/1...
April 7, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
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