Read by QxMD icon Read


Man-Yee Man, Hoi-Ping Shum, Wing-Wa Yan, Susanna K P Lau
We report a 21-year-old young male with Lemierre's syndrome presented as tonsillitis and Fusobacterium septicemia with respiratory failure and required intensive care. Lemierre's syndrome is the septic embolic complication of recent pharyngeal illness. Fusobacterium spp. accounts for the majority of cases. High index of suspicion is needed and prolonged antibiotic is advised. It is seldom seen in intensive care but should never be forgotten.
February 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Michael Gottlieb, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Pharyngitis is a common disease in the emergency department (ED). Despite a relatively low incidence of complications, there are many dangerous conditions that can mimic this disease and are essential for the emergency physician to consider. OBJECTIVE: This article provides a review of the evaluation and management of group A β-hemolytic Streptococcal (GABHS) pharyngitis, as well as important medical conditions that can mimic this disease. DISCUSSION: GABHS pharyngitis often presents with fever, sore throat, tonsillar exudates, and anterior cervical lymphadenopathy...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Vivek Vijay, Zozik Fattah
Lemierre's syndrome is a condition characterised by suppurative thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular (IJ) vein following a recent oropharyngeal infection, with resulting septicaemia and metastatic lesions. It is strongly associated with Fusobacterium necrophorum, a Gram-negative bacilli. Key to early diagnosis is awareness of the classical history and course of this illness, and therefore to ask about a history of recent oropharyngeal infections when a young patient presents with fever and rigors. Diagnosis can be confirmed by showing thrombophlebitis of the IJ vein, culturing F necrophorum from normally sterile sites or demonstrating metastatic lesions in this clinical setting...
February 2018: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
Jan Hedenmark, Karin Holm, Fredrik Moberger, Erik Torell
The purpose of this case report and discussion is to heighten the awareness of Lemierres syndrome (postanginal sepsis).  Affected patients present in various fields of medicine and an increased incidence of "the forgotten disease" may be expected. Fusobacterium necrophorum is the most common pathogen. The clinical course includes a primary head or neck infection with thrombosis of the internal jugular vein with subsequent septic pulmonary embolization. The syndrome bears considerable morbidity and even mortality...
February 2, 2018: Läkartidningen
Saloni P Sheth, Paul Ilkanich, Blaise Congeni
Fusobacterium infections and Lemierre Syndrome are traditionally associated with pharyngitis. We report three cases of Fusobacterium sinusitis that resulted in Pott Puffy Tumor. One of these cases also had Lemierre Syndrome. We encourage expansion of the clinical spectrum of Lemierre Syndrome to include complicated Fusobacterium sinusitis.
January 31, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
T Prescott Atkinson, Robert M Centor, Li Xiao, Fuchenchu Wang, Xiangqin Cui, William Van Der Pol, Casey D Morrow, Amy E Ratliff, Donna M Crabb, Arthur H Totten, Carlos A Estrada, Michael B Faircloth, Ken B Waites
Fusobacterium necrophorum (Fn), a gram-negative anaerobe, is increasingly implicated as an etiologic agent in older adolescents and young adults with sore throat. Inadequately treated Fn pharyngitis may result in suppurative complications such as peritonsillar abscess and Lemierre's syndrome. Data from the literature suggest that the incidence of life-threating complications in these age groups from Fn pharyngitis (Lemierre's syndrome) in the United States exceeds those associated with group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis (acute rheumatic fever)...
2018: PloS One
Fatemeh Rafati, Vishal Bhalla, Varun Chillal, Mani Thyagarajan
Lemierre's syndrome is a rare disease of the head and neck, characterized by an initial infection, usually within the oropharynx, which can develop into a septic thrombophlebitis. It can involve the jugular vein, facial veins and respiratory tract. A 7-year-old child attended our institution with a 1-week history of fever and cough. Initial imaging demonstrated a large left sided empyema with multiple cavitating lung lesions and persisting pneumothoraces secondary to the development of a bronchopleural fistula...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Thomas James Stubington, Paul James
Lemierre's syndrome is a potentially life-threatening consequence of oropharyngeal and ear infections and often results in critical care admission and even intubation. Due to the multisystem manifestation, multiple teams may initially be involved in the care, some of which may be unfamiliar with the features and usual clinical course. This report describes a case in a 36-year-old woman with the classic features of internal jugular vein thrombosis and septic emboli to the lungs secondary to an oropharyngeal infection...
January 3, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Siew Houy Chua, Sidney Ching Liang Ong, Yuan Hwen Liew
Internal jugular vein (IJV) aneurysm is a rare entity, and a thrombosed aneurysm poses diagnostic and management challenges. We came across a 53-year-old woman who presented with fever, vomiting and right neck swelling for a week. Laboratory investigations showed neutrophilic leucocytosis, raised acute phase reactant and blood culture yielded Klebsiella pneumoniae Ultrasound and contrast-enhanced CT neck revealed a large fusiform aneurysm of the right IJV with filling defect extending from the aneurysm into the right transverse sinus...
December 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Muhammad Asim Rana, Yashwant Kumar, Abdullah Ali Lashari, Ahmed F Mady
Lemierre's syndrome is also known as postangina septicemia, which is commonly caused by Fusobacterium necrophorum also known as Necrobacillus and also by other microorganisms like Staphylococcus , Streptococcus , Peptostreptococcus , and Bacteroides . Though the disease starts as an upper respiratory tract infection, it may spread and cause thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein. It may present itself through cranial nerve palsy or sepsis involving distant organs like the lungs or bones. It is also known as forgotten disease because of its rarity...
2017: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
John Rae, Katie Misselbrook
Lemierre's syndrome is a rare complication of acute pharyngitis characterised by septicaemia with infective thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein, most commonly due to Fusobacterium necrophorum. It characteristically affects healthy young adults causing persistent pyrexia and systemic sepsis presenting several days after an initial pharyngitis. Septic emboli seed via the bloodstream to distant sites including the lung, joints, skin, liver, spleen and brain. Prolonged antimicrobial therapy is required and admission to intensive care common...
November 2017: Journal of the Intensive Care Society
Olivia Jones, Aram Salehi
The presentation of a 'sore throat' is common and often requires only symptomatic treatment. This is the case of a 20-year-old female who presented with persistent symptoms of a sore throat. On admission she had raised inflammatory markers and a subsequent blood culture demonstrated a fusobacterium necrophorum and arcanobacterium haemolyticum bacteraemia. Further investigations established an internal jugular vein thrombosis, confirming the diagnosis of Lemierre's syndrome. This case highlights the importance of further investigation when a sore throat fails to improve, and to remember this often-forgotten syndrome...
2017: Acute Medicine
Daniel R Quast, Tanja A Lotz, Thomas G K Breuer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Thomas E Mellor, Natalie Mitchell, Jessica Logan
Infectious suppurative thrombophlebitis of the portal venous system, referred to as pylephlebitis, is a rare complication of intra-abdominal inflammatory processes. Advances in diagnostics and antibiotics have improved survival, but mortality remains remarkably high even in the most recent literature. The majority of patients have concomitant bacteraemia on presentation most commonly with typical gastrointestinal (GI) organisms. On rare occasion, patients have culture positive Fusobacterium, which has recently been associated with occult GI and genitourinary malignancies...
October 20, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Ali Raza Ghani, Mohsin Hamid, Ahsan Raza, Rizwan Naseer, Joseph Crocetti
Lemierre's syndrome also termed post-anginal septicemia, is a disease characterized by internal jugular septic thrombophlebitis leading to Fusobacterium septicemia with multiple metastatic foci following an oropharyngeal infection. Diagnosis and management is challenging and can result in fatal consequences due to potential multisystem involvement and multiple complications. We describe here a case of Lemierre's syndrome with multifocal pneumonia, acute renal failure and protracted course of illness over forty days with successful recovery...
October 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Arnaud Martel
An 86-year-old patient was hospitalized for fever and left acute orbital syndrome (red eye with moderate visual impairment, chemosis, ophthalmoplegia without proptosis, or any fundus involvement). CT scan showed superior ophthalmic vein and cavernous sinus enlargement complicating ipsilateral sphenoidal sinusitis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated the left cavernous sinus thrombosis extended to the ipsilateral jugular vein and transversal sinus (Lemierre syndrome). Intravenous broad-spectrum antibiotics and curative anticoagulation were prescribed...
October 17, 2017: Orbit
Christina M Meade, Valeria D Cantos, Hachem Nasri, Mara Serbanescu, Evan J Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
Takahiro Matsuo, Nobuyoshi Mori, Aki Sakurai, Yumiko Mikami, Keiichi Furukawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: IDCases
Melissa R Held, Hannah Kotler, Hannah Sneller, Catherine B Sullivan
Lemierre's syndrome is more common in young adults and the majority of patients present with pharyngitis. Multifocal pyomyositis is very rare in this setting and in young children. We present here a case of multifocal pyomyositis caused by Fusobacterium sp. in a young child. Fusobacterium should be considered in the differential diagnosis of multifocal pyomyositis of unclear etiology.
September 5, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Adrian C Mattke, Sudesh Prabhu, Julia Clark, Robert Labrom, Hanna Burns, Luregn J Schlapbach
OBJECTIVES: Lemierre's syndrome cause by methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus is rare, but can lead to necrotizing pneumonia and septicaemia. When treating such patient with extracorporeal life support source control can be both challenging and controversial. METHODS: In this report we present a 12 year old male who presented with Lemierre's syndrome from which he developed septic shock and severe necrotizing pneumonia. He also showed multiple pulmonary embolisms from the internal jugular vein thrombi, resulting in acute respiratory distress syndrome...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"