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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433995/precision-nutrition-for-prevention-and-management-of-type-2-diabetes
#1
REVIEW
Dong D Wang, Frank B Hu
Precision nutrition aims to prevent and manage chronic diseases by tailoring dietary interventions or recommendations to one or a combination of an individual's genetic background, metabolic profile, and environmental exposures. Recent advances in genomics, metabolomics, and gut microbiome technologies have offered opportunities as well as challenges in the use of precision nutrition to prevent and manage type 2 diabetes. Nutrigenomics studies have identified genetic variants that influence intake and metabolism of specific nutrients and predict individuals' variability in response to dietary interventions...
February 9, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428263/evidence-based-diagnosis-and-management-of-chronic-subdural-hematoma-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Vikram Mehta, Stephen C Harward, Eric W Sankey, Gautam Nayar, Patrick J Codd
Chronic subdural hematomas are encapsulated blood collections within the dural border cells with characteristic outer "neomembranes". Affected patients are more often male and typically above the age of 70. Imaging shows crescentic layering of fluid in the subdural space on a non-contrast computed tomography (CT) scan, best appreciated on sagittal or coronal reformats. Initial medical management involves reversing anticoagulant/antiplatelet therapies, and often initiation of anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs). Operative interventions, such as twist-drill craniostomy (TDC), burr-hole craniostomy (BHC), and craniotomy are indicated if imaging implies compression (maximum fluid collection thickness >1 cm) or the patient is symptomatic...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422170/-mobile-technology-to-improve-heart-failure-outcomes-a-proof-of-concept-paper
#3
Ponrathi Athilingam, Bradlee A Jenkins, Heather Zumpano, Miguel A Labrador
BACKGROUND: Heart failure (HF) causes significant symptom burden and human suffering with considerable economic burden due to hospital readmissions. Targeted interventions to encourage and support self-management behavior is warranted. AIM: To test the proof of concept of a mobile application (HeartMapp) in improving self-care management of patients with heart failure. METHOD: An exploratory inquiry used a field study strategy with purposeful sampling and constant comparative analysis to test the proof of concept of HeartMapp using The Business Model Canvas framework...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413767/the-role-of-intramedullary-fixation-in-ankle-fractures-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
R W Jordan, A W P Chapman, D Buchanan, P Makrides
BACKGROUND: Ankle fractures are one of the most commonly occurring fractures in the elderly population. The overall incidence has been reported to be up to 184 fractures per 100,000 persons per year, of which 20-30% occur in the elderly. Medical co-morbidities, osteoporosis, suboptimal skin quality and poor toleration of non-weight bearing status all contribute to difficulties in managing these injuries in this population. Intramedullary implants are advantageous as they utilise smaller incisions, minimise soft tissue disruption and may allow early weight bearing...
February 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393961/measuring-and-managing-population-health
#5
William M Tierney, Justin F Rousseau, Anjum Khurshid
Health care delivery and health promotion require timely, accurate, and useful information. Nowhere are useful data more needed than population health management. Although mountains of health-related data exist, useful information is often diffuse, poorly organized, and often inaccurate and incomplete, and doesn't serve those providing health care to individual patients, managing care for groups of patients, or promoting health for communities. Information and communication technologies are rapidly evolving to enhance population health management...
February 1, 2018: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338691/morca-ubiquitous-access-to-life-science-web-services
#6
Sergio Diaz-Del-Pino, Oswaldo Trelles, Juan Falgueras
BACKGROUND: Technical advances in mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets have produced an extraordinary increase in their use around the world and have become part of our daily lives. The possibility of carrying these devices in a pocket, particularly mobile phones, has enabled ubiquitous access to Internet resources. Furthermore, in the life sciences world there has been a vast proliferation of data types and services that finish as Web Services. This suggests the need for research into mobile clients to deal with life sciences applications for effective usage and exploitation...
January 16, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329145/orthopaedic-management-of-leg-length-discrepancy-in-proteus-syndrome-a-case-series
#7
Molly M Crenshaw, Cara G Goerlich, Lauren E Ivey, Julie C Sapp, Kim M Keppler-Noreuil, Allison C Scott, Leslie G Biesecker, Laura L Tosi
INTRODUCTION: Proteus syndrome (PS) is a rare mosaic disorder comprising asymmetric bony and soft tissue overgrowth leading to significant morbidity. Placement of growth inhibition hardware with subsequent epiphyseal arrest improves leg-length and angular deformities in pediatric patients without PS. The purpose of this study was to review the surgical approach and present outcomes, complications, and recommendations in 8 patients with PS and leg-length discrepancy (LLD). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 8 patients with PS whose primary reason for surgery was LLD...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328632/probing-growth-induced-anisotropic-thermal-transport-in-high-quality-cvd-diamond-membranes-by-multi-frequency-and-multi-spot-size-time-domain-thermoreflectance
#8
Zhe Cheng, Thomas Bougher, Tingyu Bai, Steven Y Wang, Chao Li, Luke Yates, Brian Foley, Mark S Goorsky, Baratunde A Cola, Firooz Faili, Samuel Graham
The maximum output power of GaN-based high-electron mobility transistors is limited by high channel temperature induced by localized self-heating which degrades device performance and reliability. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) diamond is an attractive candidate to aid in the extraction of this heat and in minimizing the peak operating temperatures of high power electronics. Due to its inhomogeneous structure, the thermal conductivity of CVD diamond varies along the growth direction and can differ between the in-plane and out-of-plane directions resulting in a complex three-dimensional distribution...
January 12, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320466/an-efficient-wireless-sensor-network-for-industrial-monitoring-and-control
#9
Juan Aponte-Luis, Juan Antonio Gómez-Galán, Fernando Gómez-Bravo, Manuel Sánchez-Raya, Javier Alcina-Espigado, Pedro Miguel Teixido-Rovira
This paper presents the design of a wireless sensor network particularly designed for remote monitoring and control of industrial parameters. The article describes the network components, protocol and sensor deployment, aimed to accomplish industrial constraint and to assure reliability and low power consumption. A particular case of study is presented. The system consists of a base station, gas sensing nodes, a tree-based routing scheme for the wireless sensor nodes and a real-time monitoring application that operates from a remote computer and a mobile phone...
January 10, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314478/navigating-systems-ideas-for-health-practice-towards-a-common-learning-device
#10
Martin Reynolds, Eric Sarriot, Robert Chad Swanson, Evan Rusoja
Systems thinking and reference to complexity science have gained currency in health sector practice and research. The extent to which such ideas might represent a mere passing fad or might more usefully be mobilized to tackle wicked problems in health systems is a concern underpinning this paper. Developing the usefulness of the systems idea requires appreciating how systems ideas are used essentially as constructs conceptually bounded by practitioners. Systems are used for purposes of understanding and engaging the reality of health issues, with the intent of transforming the reality into one that is more manageable, equitable, and sustainable...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310532/a-systematic-review-of-technology-assisted-interventions-for-co-morbid-depression-and-substance-use
#11
Nicola A Holmes, Joseph Em van Agteren, Diana S Dorstyn
Introduction Mental health interventions disseminated via, or accessed using, digital technologies are an innovative new treatment modality for managing co-morbid depression and substance use disorder. The present systematic review assessed the current state of this literature. Methods A search of the Cochrane Library, Embase, Pubmed, PsychINFO and Scopus databases identified six eligible studies ( Nparticipants = 862), utilising quasi-experimental or randomised controlled designs. Reporting quality was evaluated and Hedge's g effect sizes (with 95% confidence intervals and p-values) were calculated to determine treatment effectiveness...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310277/calibration-and-field-evaluation-of-the-chemcatcher%C3%A2-passive-sampler-for-monitoring-metaldehyde-in-surface-water
#12
Glenn D Castle, Graham A Mills, Adil Bakir, Anthony Gravell, Melanie Schumacher, Ian Townsend, Lewis Jones, Richard Greenwood, Stuart Knott, Gary R Fones
Metaldehyde is a potent molluscicide. It is the active ingredient in most slug pellets used for crop protection. This polar compound is considered an emerging pollutant. Due to its environmental mobility, metaldehyde is frequently detected at impacted riverine sites, often at concentrations above the EU Drinking Water Directive limit of 0.1µgL-1 for an individual pesticide. This presents a problem when such waters are abstracted for use in the production of potable water supplies, as this chemical is difficult to remove using conventional treatment processes...
March 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300736/evaluating-authentication-options-for-mobile-health-applications-in-younger-and-older-adults
#13
Kelly Grindrod, Hassan Khan, Urs Hengartner, Stephanie Ong, Alexander G Logan, Daniel Vogel, Robert Gebotys, Jilan Yang
OBJECTIVE: Apps promoting patient self-management may improve health outcomes. However, methods to secure stored information on mobile devices may adversely affect usability. We tested the reliability and usability of common user authentication techniques in younger and older adults. METHODOLOGY: Usability testing was conducted in two age groups, 18 to 30 years and 50 years and older. After completing a demographic questionnaire, each participant tested four authentication options in random order: four-digit personal identification number (PIN), graphical password (GRAPHICAL), Android pattern-lock (PATTERN), and a swipe-style Android fingerprint scanner (FINGERPRINT)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299228/comparison-of-strategies-and-performance-of-functional-electrical-stimulation-cycling-in-spinal-cord-injury-pilots-for-competition-in-the-first-ever-cybathlon
#14
Christine Azevedo Coste, Vance Bergeron, Rik Berkelmans, Emerson Fachin Martins, Ché Fornusek, Arnin Jetsada, Kenneth J Hunt, Raymond Tong, Ronald Triolo, Peter Wolf
Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) can elicit muscular contraction and restore motor function in paralyzed limbs. FES is a rehabilitation technique applied to various sensorimotor deficiencies and in different functional situations, e.g. grasping, walking, standing, transfer, cycling and rowing. FES can be combined with mechanical devices. FES-assisted cycling is mainly used in clinical environments for training sessions on cycle ergometers, but it has also been adapted for mobile devices, usually tricycles...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299226/mobility-disorders-and-pain-interrelations-that-need-new-research-concepts-and-advanced-clinical-commitments
#15
Sascha Sajer
This Perspective will discuss topics recently suggested by Prof. Helmut Kern, Vienna, Austria, to advance the research activities of his team, that is: Topic A, 10 years post RISE; Topic B, New research for new solutions on old research questions; Topic C, Working groups on nerve regeneration, training-parameters of seniors in different ages, muscle adaptation; and studies of connective tissue and cartilage. This Perspective summarizes some of the basic concepts and of the evidence-based tools for developing further translational research activities...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295810/physical-activity-assessment-using-an-activity-tracker-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-axial-spondyloarthritis-prospective-observational-study
#16
Charlotte Jacquemin, Hervé Servy, Anna Molto, Jérémie Sellam, Violaine Foltz, Frédérique Gandjbakhch, Christophe Hudry, Stéphane Mitrovic, Bruno Fautrel, Laure Gossec
BACKGROUND: Physical activity can be tracked using mobile devices and is recommended in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) management. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends at least 150 min per week of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to assess and compare physical activity and its patterns in patients with RA and axSpA using an activity tracker and to assess the feasibility of mobile devices in this population...
January 2, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291107/hearables-feasibility-of-recording-cardiac-rhythms-from-head-and-in-ear-locations
#17
Wilhelm von Rosenberg, Theerasak Chanwimalueang, Valentin Goverdovsky, Nicholas S Peters, Christos Papavassiliou, Danilo P Mandic
Mobile technologies for the recording of vital signs and neural signals are envisaged to underpin the operation of future health services. For practical purposes, unobtrusive devices are favoured, such as those embedded in a helmet or incorporated onto an earplug. However, these locations have so far been underexplored, as the comparably narrow neck impedes the propagation of vital signals from the torso to the head surface. To establish the principles behind electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings from head and ear locations, we first introduce a realistic three-dimensional biophysics model for the propagation of cardiac electric potentials to the head surface, which demonstrates the feasibility of head-ECG recordings...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284701/more-than-bar-codes-integrating-global-standards-based-bar-code-technology-into-national-health-information-systems-in-ethiopia-and-pakistan-to-increase-end-to-end-supply-chain-visibility
#18
Liuichi Hara, Ramy Guirguis, Keith Hummel, Monica Villanueva
The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) DELIVER PROJECT work together to strengthen public health commodity supply chains by standardizing bar coding under a single set of global standards. From 2015, UNFPA and USAID collaborated to pilot test how tracking and tracing of bar coded health products could be operationalized in the public health supply chains of Ethiopia and Pakistan and inform the ecosystem needed to begin full implementation...
December 28, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277687/defibrillator-shocks-and-their-impact-on-objective-and-subjective-patient-outcomes-results-from-the-painfree-sst-clinical-trial
#19
Samuel F Sears, Lindsey Rosman, Shingo Sasaki, Yusuke Kondo, Laurence D Sterns, Edward J Schloss, Takashi Kurita, Albert Meijer, Judith Raijmakers, Bart Gerritse, Angelo Auricchio
BACKGROUND: The impact of ICD shock on device-measured activity and patient reported outcomes is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the acute and long-term effects of ICD shock on objective behavioral data (i.e., device-based physical activity) and subjective patient reported outcomes (e.g., quality of life and shock anxiety). METHODS: The PainFree SST clinical trial included 2,770 patients with a single or dual-chamber ICD, or cardiac resynchronization defibrillator (CRT-D) who were followed for 22 ± 9 months...
December 22, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260851/structure-property-relations-in-giant-semiconductor-nanocrystals-opportunities-in-photonics-and-electronics
#20
Fabiola Navarro-Pardo, Haiguang Zhao, Zhiming M Wang, Federico Rosei
Semiconductor nanocrystals exhibit size-tunable absorption and emission ranging from the ultraviolet (UV) to the near-infrared (NIR) spectral range, high absorption coefficient, and high photoluminescence quantum yield. Effective surface passivation of these so-called quantum dots (QDs) may be achieved by growing a shell of another semiconductor material. The resulting core/shell QDs can be considered as a model system to study and optimize structure/property relations. A special case consists in growing thick shells (1...
December 20, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
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