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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914690/incidence-trends-and-survival-of-skin-melanoma-and-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-cluj-county-romania
#1
Ofelia Şuteu, Mihaiela L Blaga, Florian Nicula, Patricia Şuteu, Ovidiu Coza, Patriciu Achimaş-Cadariu, Daniela Coza
The aim of this study was to determine the incidence trends of cutaneous melanoma (CM) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in Cluj County, from 1998 to 2011, and the 5-year net survival between 2006 and 2010. Data on all cases of CM and SCC between 1998 and 2011 were obtained from Cluj Cancer Registry. Incidence rates were age standardized by the direct method Age Standardized Incidence Rate (ASIR), using the world standard population. Trends and annual percentage change (APC) of incidence rates were calculated by joinpoint regression analysis...
September 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888094/low-dose-scanning-technology-combined-with-low-concentration-contrast-material-in-renal-computed-tomography-angiography-cta-a-preliminary-study
#2
Sulan Liu, Wei Li, Hao Shi, Huaqiang Sheng, Jingli Fan, Jingzhen He, Hongjun Sun
BACKGROUND This study is to investigate the feasibility of low iodine concentration contrast material (CM) combined with low tube voltage and adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR) in renal computed tomography angiography (CTA). MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 136 patients were enrolled in this prospective trial, and randomly divided into two groups: group A (n=68) and group B (n=68). Group A received 120-kVp and iopromide (370 mg/mL) with filtered back projection (FBP) reconstruction, and group B received 100-kVp and iodixanol (270 mg/mL) with ASIR 40% (ASIR40)...
September 9, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887646/cancer-in-first-nations-people-living-in-british-columbia-canada-an-analysis-of-incidence-and-survival-from-1993-to-2010
#3
Colleen E McGahan, Kevin Linn, Preston Guno, Harmony Johnson, Andrew J Coldman, John J Spinelli, Nadine R Caron
BACKGROUND: For First Nations (FN) peoples living in British Columbia (BC), little is known regarding cancer in the population. The aim of this study was to explore cancer incidence and survival in the FN population of BC and compare it to the non-FN population. METHODS: All new cancers diagnosed from 1993 to 2010 were linked to the First Nations Client File (FNCF). Age-standardized incidence rates (ASIR) and rate ratios, and 1- and 5-year cause-specific survival estimates and hazard ratios were calculated...
September 8, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873571/production-of-rs4-from-rice-starch-and-its-utilization-as-an-encapsulating-agent-for-targeted-delivery-of-probiotics
#4
Bilal Ahmad Ashwar, Asir Gani, Adil Gani, Asima Shah, Farooq Ahmad Masoodi
The research reported in this article is based on the hypothesis that crosslinking of starch can make it a potential wall material for targeted delivery of probiotics by altering its digestion. Three probiotic strains namely Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus brevis and Lactobacillus plantarum were microencapsulated with resistant starch. Encapsulation yield (%) of resistant starch microspheres was in the range of 43.01-48.46. The average diameter of resistant starch microparticles was in the range of 45.53-49...
January 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855038/-effect-of-scanning-and-reconstruction-parameters-on-three-dimensional-volume-and-ct-value-measurement-of-pulmonary-nodules-a-phantom-study
#5
Datong Su, Lei Feng, Yingjian Jiang, Ying Wang
BACKGROUND: The computed tomography (CT) follow-up of indeterminate pulmonary nodules aiming to evaluate the change of the volume and CT value is the common strategy in clinic. The CT dose needs to considered on serious CT scans in addition to the measurement accuracy. The purpose of this study is to quantify the precision of pulmonary nodule volumetric measurement and CT value measurement with various tube currents and reconstruction algorithms in a phantom study with dual-energy CT...
August 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808371/efficacy-of-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-approach-in-the-patient-with-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-critical-care-outpatient-department
#6
Manu Goyal, Kanu Goyal, Kanimozhi Narkeesh, Asir John Samuel, Narkeesh Arumugam, Subhasish Chatterjee, Sorabh Sharma
The purpose of the present case study was to explore the efficacy of osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) in patient with pulmonary fibrosis (PF) in the critical care outpatient department. Here, we present a 48-year-old male case with breathlessness, increased frequency of defecation, and pain in and around the nape of neck with diagnosed pulmonary fibrosis. He scored 3 on a patient-reported modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) dyspnea scale. Osteopathic examination reveals multiple somatic findings across the chest and abdominal region and treated by OMT...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806318/computed-tomography-image-quality-evaluation-of-a-new-iterative-reconstruction-algorithm-in-the-abdomen-adaptive-statistical-iterative-reconstruction-v-a-comparison-with-model-based-iterative-reconstruction-adaptive-statistical-iterative-reconstruction-and
#7
Martin H Goodenberger, Nicolaus A Wagner-Bartak, Shiva Gupta, Xinming Liu, Ramon Q Yap, Jia Sun, Eric P Tamm, Corey T Jensen
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare abdominopelvic computed tomography images reconstructed with adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction-V (ASIR-V) with model-based iterative reconstruction (Veo 3.0), ASIR, and filtered back projection (FBP). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Abdominopelvic computed tomography scans for 36 patients (26 males and 10 females) were reconstructed using FBP, ASIR (80%), Veo 3.0, and ASIR-V (30%, 60%, 90%). Mean ± SD patient age was 32 ± 10 years with mean ± SD body mass index of 26...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750966/the-effectiveness-of-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-in-an-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-related-pain-and-health-related-quality-of-life-hr-qol-a-case-report
#8
Kanu Goyal, Manu Goyal, Kanimozhi Narkeesh, Asir John Samuel, Sorabh Sharma, Subhasish Chatterjee, Narkeesh Arumugam
Abnormal uterine bleeding is characterized by painful and/or excessive menorrhea, chronic pelvic pain due to the endometriosis (Em). Osteopathic treatment is commonly used in the gynecological dysfunctions. The aim of the present case study was to explore the effect of osteopathic treatment (OT) for a woman with abnormal uterine bleeding related pain and quality of life (QoL). We reported a case of 29 year old female who presented with chief complaints of increased flow during periods, lower abdominal pain, leukorrhoea, lower back pain and with occasional constipation for the last 3 years...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746162/lung-cancer-and-annual-mean-exposure-to-outdoor-air-pollution-in-crete-greece
#9
Dimitra Sifaki-Pistolla, Christos Lionis, Filippos Koinis, Vassilis Georgoulias, Nikos Tzanakis
The increasing burden of lung cancer (LC) in Crete, Greece, has raised certain concerns about the potential association of environmental risk factors with LC. The aim of this study was to assess outdoor air pollution (OAP) and the risk for LC mortality for the first time in Crete using LC primary data. 5057 LC cases (diagnosed from 1992 to 2013) were obtained from the Cancer Registry of Crete (http://www.crc.uoc.gr) and followed up until 2014. The age-standardized incidence and mortality rates (ASIR) were calculated...
September 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673448/renovascular-ct-comparison-between-adaptive-statistical-iterative-reconstruction-and-model-based-iterative-reconstruction
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Y Noda, S Goshima, H Koyasu, S Shigeyama, T Miyoshi, H Kawada, N Kawai, M Matsuo
AIM: To compare contrast enhancement and image quality between renovascular computed tomography (CT) images with adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR) and that with model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board and written informed consent was waived. Twenty-five consecutive patients who underwent renovascular CT were enrolled in this study. The same raw projection data were reconstructed using ASiR 40%, 100%, and MBIR...
October 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668422/effects-of-pure-and-hybrid-iterative-reconstruction-algorithms-on-high-resolution-computed-tomography-in-the-evaluation-of-interstitial-lung-disease
#11
Masaki Katsura, Jiro Sato, Masaaki Akahane, Yoko Mise, Kaoru Sumida, Osamu Abe
OBJECTIVES: To compare image quality characteristics of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) in the evaluation of interstitial lung disease using three different reconstruction methods: model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR), adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR), and filtered back projection (FBP). METHODS: Eighty-nine consecutive patients with interstitial lung disease underwent standard-of-care chest CT with 64-row multi-detector CT...
August 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651263/quality-and-dose-optimized-ct-trauma-protocol-recommendation-from-a-university-level-i-trauma-center
#12
Johannes Kahn, David Kaul, Georg Böning, Roman Rotzinger, Patrick Freyhardt, Philipp Schwabe, Martin H Maurer, Diane Miriam Renz, Florian Streitparth
Purpose As a supra-regional level-I trauma center, we evaluated computed tomography (CT) acquisitions of polytraumatized patients for quality and dose optimization purposes. Adapted statistical iterative reconstruction [(AS)IR] levels, tube voltage reduction as well as a split-bolus contrast agent (CA) protocol were applied. Materials and Methods 61 patients were split into 3 different groups that differed with respect to tube voltage (120 - 140 kVp) and level of applied ASIR reconstruction (ASIR 20 - 50 %)...
September 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647981/-disparities-of-sex-on-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-in-jiashan-county-zhejiang-province-1990-2014
#13
X Y Jiang, Y Q Hu, D Ye, Q L Li, K Chen, M J Jin
Objective: This study aimed to describe the sex disparities on cancer incidence and mortality in Jiashan population. Methods: All data concerning incident and death cases of cancers were gathered from the database of Cancer Registry in Jiashan county. Data from the 2010 China census was used as the standard population. Sex-specific age-standardized incidence rates (ASIRs), mortality rates (ASMRs) per 100 000 persons for all cancers and types of each cancer were calculated for the years of 1990 to 1999, 2000 to 2009, 2010 to 2014, and 1990 to 2014...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629559/prospective-intra-individual-comparison-of-standard-dose-versus-reduced-dose-thoracic-ct-using-hybrid-and-pure-iterative-reconstruction-in-a-follow-up-cohort-of-pulmonary-nodules-effect-of-detectability-of-pulmonary-nodules-with-lowering-dose-based-on-nodule
#14
Varut Vardhanabhuti, Chun-Lap Pang, Sean Tenant, James Taylor, Christopher Hyde, Carl Roobottom
OBJECTIVES: To determine the diagnostic accuracy of lung nodule detection in thoracic CT using 2 reduced dose protocols comparing 3 available CT reconstruction algorithms (filtered back projection-FBP, adaptive statistical reconstruction-ASIR and model-based iterative reconstruction-MBIR) in a western population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective single-center study recruited 98 patients with written consent. Standard dose (STD) thoracic CT followed by 2 reduced-dose protocols using automatic tube current modulation (RD1) and fixed tube current (RD2) were performed and reconstructed with FBP, ASIR and MBIR with subsequent diagnostic accuracy analysis for nodule detection...
June 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621155/the-role-of-telemedicine-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-management
#15
Vera Lugo, Jair Asir Villanueva, Onintza Garmendia, Josep M Montserrat
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disease that leads in notorious symptoms and comorbidities. Although general measures are important, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the best treatment option. However, compliance can be suboptimal and telemedicine may play a role to improve it. Areas covered: Review authors searched EMBASE, PubMed and Cochrane data bases using the following keywords: continuous positive airway pressure, Obstructive sleep apnea, telemedicine, respiratory telemedicine, information and communication technology...
June 29, 2017: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616448/adaptive-statistical-iterative-reconstruction-improves-image-quality-without-affecting-perfusion-ct-quantitation-in-primary-colorectal-cancer
#16
D Prezzi, V Goh, S Virdi, S Mallett, C Grierson, D J Breen
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of Adaptive Statistical Iterative Reconstruction (ASIR) on perfusion CT (pCT) parameter quantitation and image quality in primary colorectal cancer. METHODS: Prospective observational study. Following institutional review board approval and informed consent, 32 patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma underwent pCT (100 kV, 150 mA, 120 s acquisition, axial mode). Tumour regional blood flow (BF), blood volume (BV), mean transit time (MTT) and permeability surface area product (PS) were determined using identical regions-of-interests for ASIR percentages of 0%, 20%, 40%, 60%, 80% and 100%...
2017: European Journal of Radiology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596194/influence-of-ultra-low-dose-and-iterative-reconstructions-on-the-visualization-of-orbital-soft-tissues-on-maxillofacial-ct
#17
G Widmann, D Juranek, F Waldenberger, P Schullian, A Dennhardt, R Hoermann, M Steurer, E-M Gassner, W Puelacher
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dose reduction on CT scans for surgical planning and postoperative evaluation of midface and orbital fractures is an important concern. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the variability of various low-dose and iterative reconstruction techniques on the visualization of orbital soft tissues. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Contrast-to-noise ratios of the optic nerve and inferior rectus muscle and subjective scores of a human cadaver were calculated from CT with a reference dose protocol (CT dose index volume = 36...
June 8, 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559721/non-pharmacological-therapies-for-primary-open-angle-glaucoma-a-quasi-experimental-pilot-study
#18
Rahul Pandey, Asir John Samuel, Vencita Priyanka Aranha, Anamika Pandey, Kanimozhi Narkeesh
Purpose: One of the major causes of blindness is Primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) and it has only surgical treatment and lifelong use of medication. Hence many side effects arise. To overcome this, the drugless approach is in practice but the importance of Muscle Energy Technique (MET) and Myofacial (MFR) Release is not explored. Hence, our objective was to determine the effectiveness of MET and MFR on POAG. Methods: A total of 12 patients with POAG were recruited from the tertiary care teaching hospital through criteria based convenience sampling for the study...
April 2017: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555508/iterative-reconstruction-in-single-source-dual-energy-ct-angiography-feasibility-of-low-and-ultra-low-volume-contrast-medium-protocols
#19
Ping Hou, Xiangnan Feng, Jie Liu, Yue Zhou, Yaojun Jiang, Xiaochen Jiang, Jianbo Gao
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of using contrast medium (CM) of low and ultra-low volumes and injection rates in aortic CT angiography (CTA) through the joint application of single-source dual-energy CT (ssDECT) and adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR). METHODS: 120 patients with known or suspected aortic dissection underwent aortic CTA and were equally divided into 3 groups. Conventional 120-kVp scan with a CM volume of 70 ml and an injection rate of 5 ml s(-1) was performed on Group A...
July 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552128/application-of-data-mining-techniques-and-data-analysis-methods-to-measure-cancer-morbidity-and-mortality-data-in-a-regional-cancer-registry-the-case-of-the-island-of-crete-greece
#20
Iraklis Varlamis, Ioannis Apostolakis, Dimitra Sifaki-Pistolla, Nilanjan Dey, Vassilios Georgoulias, Christos Lionis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Micro or macro-level mapping of cancer statistics is a challenging task that requires long-term planning, prospective studies and continuous monitoring of all cancer cases. The objective of the current study is to present how cancer registry data could be processed using data mining techniques in order to improve the statistical analysis outcomes. METHODS: Data were collected from the Cancer Registry of Crete in Greece (counties of Rethymno and Lasithi) for the period 1998-2004...
July 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
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