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T J Tan, Kenneth K Lau, Dana Jackson, Nicholas Ardley, Adina Borasu
The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR), statistical iterative reconstruction (SIR), and filtered back projection (FBP) image reconstruction algorithms in the delineation of ureters and overall image quality on non-enhanced computed tomography of the renal tracts (NECT-KUB). This was a prospective study of 40 adult patients who underwent NECT-KUB for investigation of ureteric colic. Images were reconstructed using FBP, SIR, and MBIR techniques and individually and randomly assessed by two blinded radiologists...
October 21, 2016: Emergency Radiology
Helle Precht, Pieter H Kitslaar, Alexander Broersen, Jouke Dijkstra, Oke Gerke, Jesper Thygesen, Kenneth Egstrup, Jess Lambrechtsen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to study the effect of iterative reconstruction (IR) software on quantitative plaque measurements in coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). METHODS: Thirty patients with a three clinical risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) had one CCTA performed. Images were reconstructed using FBP, 30% and 60% adaptive statistical IR (ASIR). Coronary plaque analysis was performed as per patient and per vessel (LM, LAD, CX and RCA) measurements...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Omran S Habib, Jasim N Al-Asadi, Osama G Hussein
OBJECTIVES: To study the incidence rate of lung cancer and its time trend in Basrah during 2005-2012. METHODS: This was a cancer registry-based retrospective study including all Basrah inhabitant patients diagnosed with primary lung cancer during the period from January 2005 to December 2012. The crude incidence rate was calculated in addition to the age standardized incidence rate (ASIR)/100,000 using the world standard population. Results: Out of 746 registered cases of lung cancer in Basrah, 75...
November 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Sangyun Lee, Heejin Kwon, Jihan Cho
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate image quality characteristics of abdominal computed tomography (CT) scans reconstructed with adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction V (ASIR-V) vs currently using applied adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR). MATERIALS AND METHOD: This institutional review board-approved study included 35 consecutive patients who underwent CT of the abdomen. Among these 35 patients, 27 with focal liver lesions underwent abdomen CT with a 128-slice multidetector unit using the following parameters: fixed noise index of 30, 1...
October 10, 2016: Academic Radiology
Kevin P Murphy, Patrick D McLaughlin, Maria Twomey, Vincent E Chan, Fiachra Moloney, Adrian J Fung, Faimee E Chan, Tafline Kao, Siobhan B O'Neill, Benjamin Watson, Owen J O'Connor, Michael M Maher
INTRODUCTION: We assess the ability of low-dose hybrid iterative reconstruction (IR) and 'pure' model-based IR (MBIR) images to maintain accurate Hounsfield unit (HU)-determined tissue characterization. METHODS: Standard-protocol (SP) and low-dose modified-protocol (MP) CTs were contemporaneously acquired in 34 Crohn's disease patients referred for CT. SP image reconstruction was via the manufacturer's recommendations (60% FBP, filtered back projection; 40% ASiR, Adaptive Statistical iterative Reconstruction; SP-ASiR40)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Zhiguo Zhou, Haixi Chen, Wei Wei, Shanghui Zhou, Jingbo Xu, Xifu Wang, Qingguo Wang, Guixiang Zhang, Zhuoli Zhang, Linfeng Zheng
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the image quality and radiation dose in computed tomography urography (CTU) images acquired with a low kilovoltage peak (kVp) in combination with an adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR) algorithm. METHODS: A total of 45 subjects (18 women, 27 men) who underwent CTU with kV assist software for automatic selection of the optimal kVp were included and divided into two groups (A and B) based on the kVp and image reconstruction algorithm: group A consisted of patients who underwent CTU with a 80 or 100 kVp and whose images were reconstructed with the 50% ASiR algorithm (n=32); group B consisted of patients who underwent CTU with a 120 kVp and whose images were reconstructed with the filtered back projection (FBP) algorithm (n=13)...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Yong-Xia Zhao, Zi-Wei Zuo, Hong-Na Suo, Jia-Ning Wang, Jin Chang
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the appropriate body mass index (BMI)-dependent noise index (NI) setting in computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) with automatic tube current modulation with adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 480 patients who had a CTPA were divided into group A (18.5 kg/m(2) ≤ BMI < 25 kg/m(2)), group B (25 kg/m(2) ≤ BMI < 30 kg/m(2)), and group C (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)), according to their BMI values; each group had 160 patients...
October 4, 2016: Academic Radiology
Kevin J Chang, Scott Collins, Baojun Li, William W Mayo-Smith
For assessment of the effect of varying the peak kilovoltage (kVp), the adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction technique (ASiR), and automatic dose modulation on radiation dose and image noise in a human cadaver, a cadaver torso underwent CT scanning at 80, 100, 120 and 140 kVp, each at ASiR settings of 0, 30 and 50 %, and noise indices (NIs) of 5.5, 11 and 22. The volume CT dose index (CTDIvol), image noise, and attenuation values of liver and fat were analyzed for 20 data sets. Size-specific dose estimates (SSDEs) and liver-to-fat contrast-to-noise ratios (CNRs) were calculated...
October 3, 2016: Radiological Physics and Technology
Asir John Samuel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Guang Li, Xinming Liu, Cristina T Dodge, Corey T Jensen, X John Rong
The purpose of this study was to evaluate performance of the third generation of model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) system, Veo 3.0, based on noise power spectrum (NPS) analysis with various clinical presets over a wide range of clinically applicable dose levels. A CatPhan 600 surrounded by an oval, fat-equivalent ring to mimic patient size/shape was scanned 10 times at each of six dose levels on a GE HD 750 scanner. NPS analysis was performed on images reconstructed with various Veo 3.0 preset combinations for comparisons of those images reconstructed using Veo 2...
2016: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
Azeez Omotayo, Idris Elbakri
OBJECTIVE: Iterative algorithms are gaining clinical acceptance in CT. We performed objective phantom-based image quality evaluation of five commercial iterative reconstruction algorithms available on four different multi-detector CT (MDCT) scanners at different dose levels as well as the conventional filtered back-projection (FBP) reconstruction. METHODS: Using the Catphan500 phantom, we evaluated image noise, contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), modulation transfer function (MTF) and noise-power spectrum (NPS)...
September 9, 2016: Journal of X-ray Science and Technology
B Dustin Pooler, Meghan G Lubner, David H Kim, Oliver T Chen, Ke Li, Guang-Hong Chen, Perry J Pickhardt
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively compare the diagnostic performance of reduced-dose (RD) contrast-enhanced CT (CECT) with standard-dose (SD) CECT for detection of low-contrast liver lesions. METHODS: Seventy adults with non-liver primary malignancies underwent abdominal SD-CECT immediately followed by RD-CECT, aggressively targeted at 60-70 % dose reduction. SD series were reconstructed using FBP. RD series were reconstructed with FBP, ASIR, and MBIR (Veo). Three readers-blinded to clinical history and comparison studies-reviewed all series, identifying liver lesions ≥4 mm...
September 5, 2016: European Radiology
D Kaul, J Kahn, L Huizing, E Wiener, G Böning, D M Renz, F Streitparth
AIM: To assess how adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR) contributes to dose reduction and affects image quality of non-contrast cranial computed tomography (cCT) in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Non-contrast cranial CT acquired in 78 paediatric patients (age 0-12 years) were evaluated. The images were acquired and processed using four different protocols: Group A (control): 120 kV, filtered back projection (FBP), n=18; Group B: 100 kV, FBP, n=22; Group C: 100 kV, scan and reconstruction performed with 20% ASIR, n=20; Group D1: 100 kV, scan and reconstruction performed with 30% ASIR, n=18; Group D2: raw data from Group D1 reconstructed using a blending of 40% ASIR and 60% FBP, n=18...
November 2016: Clinical Radiology
Bjørn Helge Østerås, Kristin Livelten Heggen, Hans Kristian Pedersen, Hilde Kjernlie Andersen, Anne Catrine T Martinsen
BACKGROUND: Iterative reconstruction can reduce image noise and thereby facilitate dose reduction. PURPOSE: To evaluate qualitative and quantitative image quality for full dose and dose reduced head computed tomography (CT) protocols reconstructed using filtered back projection (FBP) and adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fourteen patients undergoing follow-up head CT were included. All patients underwent full dose (FD) exam and subsequent 15% dose reduced (DR) exam, reconstructed using FBP and 30% ASIR...
August 2016: Acta Radiologica Open
Zhen Li, Qiong Li, Yaqi Shen, Anqin Li, Haojie Li, Lili Liang, Yao Hu, Xuemei Hu, Daoyu Hu
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of using low tube voltage, low-concentration contrast media and adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR) for reducing the radiation and iodine contrast doses in adrenal and nephrogenic hypertension patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 148 hypertension patients who were suspected for adrenal lesions or renal artery stenoses were assigned to two groups and. Group A (n=74) underwent a low tube voltage, low molecular weight dextran enhanced multi-detector row spiral CT (MDCT) (80 kVp, 270 mg I/mL contrast agent), and the raw data were reconstructed with standard filtered back projection (FBP) and ASIR at four different levels of blending (20%, 40%, 60% and 80%, respectively)...
September 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Zhimin Liu, Lei Song, Tong Yu, Jun Gao, Qifeng Zhang, Ling Jiang, Yong Liu, Yun Peng
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of using low dose radiation and low concentration contrast media in enhanced CT examinations in children with congenital heart disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety patients with congenital heart disease were randomly divided into three groups of 30 patients each who underwent contrast-enhanced cardiac scans on a Discovery CT750 HD scanner. Group A received 270 mg I/mL iodixanol, and group B received 320 mg I/mL iodixanol contrast media and was scanned with prospective ECG triggering mode...
September 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Xiaoxia Wang, Yumin Zhong, Liwei Hu, Lianyan Xue, Meihua Shi, Haisheng Qiu, Jianying Li
PURPOSE: To quantitatively and subjectively assess the image quality of and radiation dose for an abdominal enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan with a low tube voltage and a low concentration of iodinated contrast agent in children. METHODS: Forty-eight patients were randomised to one of the two following protocols: Group A (n=24, mean age 46.96±44.65 months, mean weight 15.71±9.11 kg, BMI 16.48±2.40 kg/m(2) ) and Group B (n=24, mean age 41.33±44.59 months, mean weight 18...
September 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Mudasir Ahmad, Adil Gani, Asima Shah, Asir Gani, F A Masoodi
The nutraceutical potential of β-d-glucan is largely dependent on its structure, size and viscosity. The present study analyzed the effect of germination and microwave processing of barley on the structural, size, antioxidant and thermal characteristics of β-d-glucan. The molecular weight and viscosity of β-d-glucan obtained from germinated barley (GGB) were the lowest (144kDa and 37.33cp) as compared to β-d-glucan from microwave processed barley (GMB) and unprocessed barley (GUB). The GGB exhibited higher antioxidant potential than GMB and GUB...
November 20, 2016: Carbohydrate Polymers
Yong-Xia Zhao, Zi-Wei Zuo, Hong-Na Suo, Jia-Ning Wang, Jin Chang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to compare the image quality and radiation dose of computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) in patients with different body mass indexes using 100-kVp combination of different noise indexes (NIs) and 120-kVp scan protocol with the adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction 2.0 algorithm (ASiR 2.0). METHODS: A total of 120 patients who had undergone a CTPA were divided into 4 groups (A, B, C, and D), with 30 patients in each group...
September 2016: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Dominik C Benz, Christoph Gräni, Fran Mikulicic, Jan Vontobel, Tobias A Fuchs, Mathias Possner, Olivier F Clerc, Julia Stehli, Oliver Gaemperli, Aju P Pazhenkottil, Ronny R Buechel, Philipp A Kaufmann
OBJECTIVE: The clinical utility of a latest generation iterative reconstruction algorithm (adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction [ASiR-V]) has yet to be elucidated for coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). This study evaluates the impact of ASiR-V on signal, noise and image quality in CCTA. METHODS: Sixty-five patients underwent clinically indicated CCTA on a 256-slice CT scanner using an ultralow-dose protocol. Data sets from each patient were reconstructed at 6 different levels of ASiR-V...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
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