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Yang Wei, Yu-Han Chang, Chung-Jui Liu, Ren-Jei Chung
The susceptibility of guided bone regeneration (GBR) material to infection by pathogens at wound sites during bone healing has often been overlooked. The objective of this study was the synthesis and characterization of a potential material for antibacterial GBR application. In the current study, the mechanical strength and biocompatibility of a composite restoration material-made of oxidized hyaluronic acid (HA)/type I collagen hydrogel integrated with tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) using a natural crosslinking agent, oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPCs)-were evaluated...
March 21, 2018: Pharmaceutics
Peng Cui, Hongxia Niu, Wanliang Shi, Shuo Zhang, Wenhong Zhang, Ying Zhang
Persister cells are metabolically quiescent multi-drug tolerant fraction of a genetically sensitive bacterial population and are thought to be responsible for relapse of many persistent infections. Persisters can be formed naturally in the stationary phase culture, and also can be induced by bacteriostatic antibiotics. However, the molecular basis of bacteriostatic antibiotic induced persister formation is unknown. Here, we established a bacteriostatic antibiotic induced persister model and screened the Escherichia coli single gene deletion mutant library for mutants with defect in rifampin or tetracycline induced persistence to ofloxacin...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Christoph Jans, Eleonora Sarno, Lucie Collineau, Leo Meile, Katharina D C Stärk, Roger Stephan
Background: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in bacteria is an increasing health concern. The spread of AMR bacteria (AMRB) between animals and humans via the food chain and the exchange of AMR genes requires holistic approaches for risk mitigation. The AMRB exposure of humans via food is currently only poorly understood leaving an important gap for intervention design. Method: This study aimed to assess AMRB prevalence in retail food and subsequent exposure of Swiss consumers in a systematic literature review of data published between 1996 and 2016 covering the Swiss agriculture sector and relevant imported food...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Mohamed Rahmani, Jewel Nkwocha, Elisa Hawkins, Xinyan Pei, Rebecca E Parker, Maciej Kmieciak, Joel D Leverson, Deepak Sampath, Andrea Ferreira-Gonzalez, Steven Grant
Inhibitors targeting BCL-2 apoptotic proteins have significant potential for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML); however, complete responses are observed in only 20% of patients suggesting targeting BCL-2 alone is insufficient to yield durable responses. Here we assessed the efficacy of co-administration of the PI3K/mTOR inhibitor GDC-0980 or the p110β-sparing PI3K inhibitor taselisib with the selective BCL-2 antagonist venetoclax in AML cells. Tetracycline-inducible downregulation of BCL-2 significantly sensitized MV4-11 and MOLM-13 AML cells to PI3K inhibition...
March 20, 2018: Cancer Research
Amos Kosgey, Anakalo Shitandi, Jason W Marion
Milk vending machines (MVMs) are growing in popularity in Kenya and worldwide. Milk vending machines dispense varying quantities of locally sourced, pasteurized milk. The Kenya Dairy Board has a regulatory framework, but surveillance is weak because of several factors. Milk vending machines' milk is not routinely screened for antibiotics, thereby increasing potential for antibiotic misuse. To investigate, a total of 80 milk samples from four commercial providers ( N = 25), street vendors ( N = 21), and three MVMs ( N = 34) were collected and screened in Eldoret, Kenya...
March 19, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Erwei Li, Libing Liao, Guocheng Lv, Zhaohui Li, Chengxue Yang, Yanan Lu
With a layered structure, layered double hydroxide (LDH) has potential applications in remediation of anionic contaminants, which has been a hot topic for recent years. In this study, a Cl type Mg-Al hydrotalcite (Cl-LDH) was prepared by a co-precipitation method. The adsorption process of three pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) [tetracycline (TC), diclofenac sodium (DF), chloramphenicol (CAP)] by Cl-LDH was investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Zeta potential, dynamic light scattering (DLS), BET, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and molecular dynamics simulation...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
Anthony J Mannion, Heather R Martin, Zeli Shen, Ellen M Buckley, JoAnn L Dzink-Fox, Alexis Garcia, Robert P Marini, Mary M Patterson, James G Fox
Non-human primates (NHPs) for biomedical research are commonly infected with Shigella spp. that can cause acute dysentery or chronic episodic diarrhea. These animals are often prophylactically and clinically treated with quinolone antibiotics to eradicate these possible infections. However, chromosomally- and plasmid-mediated antibiotic resistance has become an emerging concern for species in the family Enterobacteriaceae . In this study, five individual isolates of multi-drug resistant Shigella flexneri were isolated from the feces of three macaques...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Zengyin Zhu, Mancheng Zhang, Wei Wang, Qing Zhou, Fuqiang Liu
A series of magnetic multi-amine resins (MMARs, named E1D9-E9D1) was proposed for the removal of tetracycline (TC) and Cu(II) in sole and binary solutions. Results showed that the N content of the resins increased sharply from 1.7% to 15.49%, and the BET surface areas decreased from 1433.4 m2 /g to 8.9 m2 /g with methyl acrylate ratio increasing from E1D9 to E9D1. Their adsorption capacities for TC and Cu(II) could reach 0.243 and 0.453 mmol/g, respectively. The adsorption isotherms of TC onto MMARs transformed from heterogeneous adsorption to monolayer-type adsorption with DVB monomer ratio in resin matrix decrease, suggesting the dominant physical adsorption between TC and benzene rings...
March 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Shirin Heidari, Mohammad Haghighi, Maryam Shabani
Bi2 Sn2 O7 -C3 N4 /Y nanophotocatalyst with various ratios of zeolite and high activity under simulated solar light irradiation were successfully synthesized using ultrasound-assisted dispersion method. The effect of different amounts of zeolite (10, 20 and 30 wt%) on the photocatalytic degradation of antibiotic tetracycline was investigated. The as-prepared nanophotocatalysts were characterized by XRD, FESEM, EDX, BET, FTIR, DRS and pHpzc techniques. The degradation results demonstrated that, Bi2 Sn2 O7 -C3 N4 /Y(10) nanophotocatalyst with a degradation efficiency of about 80...
May 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Huiling DI, Sisi Liang, Qingyang Li, Lei Shi, Ayaka Shima, Hecheng Meng, He Yan, Shinji Yamasaki
Bacteria of the genus Providencia are opportunistic pathogens of clinical significance due to their association with diarrhea and urinary tract infections. The present study was conducted to examine the prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Providencia spp. in retail meats sold in Guangzhou, China and Osaka, Japan. Out of 158 meat samples including beef, pork and chicken, 67 Providencia (42%) belonging to four species viz., P.alcalifaciens, P. rustigianii, P. stuartii and P. rettgeri were isolated, and most of them were resistant to tetracycline (91%) followed by ampicillin (69%) and streptomycin (49%)...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Li-Ching Lin, Chi-Fen Chen, Chun-Te Ho, Jun-Jen Liu, Tsan-Zon Liu, Chi-Liang Chern
AIMS: This study uncovered that the genetically endowed intracellular glutathione contents (iGSH) regulated by the catalytic subunit of γ‑glutamylcysteine synthetase heavy chain (γ‑GCSh) as a prime target for overcoming both the inherited and stimuli-activated chemo- and radio-resistance of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. MAIN METHODS: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψm) were determined by the probe-based flow cytometry...
April 1, 2018: Life Sciences
Shijie Li, Shiwei Hu, Wei Jiang, Yanping Liu, Yingtang Zhou, Yu Liu, Liuye Mo
A huge challenge in the field of pollutant removal is the scarcity of visible-light-driven (VLD) photocatalysts that are efficient, stable, easily recyclable and capable of mineralizing organic pollutants. In this regard, a novel hierarchical architecture of Bi2 MoO6 nanosheets onto NiTiO3 nanofibers for tetracycline hydrochloride (TC) removal was rationally designed and fabricated via a facile approach. In this heterojunction system, highly homogeneous-distributed Bi2 MoO6 nanosheets were anchored on electrospun NiTiO3 nanofibers, endowing the heterojunction with compact interfacial contact...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Grzegorz Ziółkowski, Iwona Pawłowska, Lech Krawczyk, Jadwiga Wojkowska-Mach
BACKGROUND: Acinetobacter baumannii strains are currently the most commonly isolated non-fermenting rods at Polish intensive care units (ICUs), and they are the dominant aetiological agents of pneumonia. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of A. baumannii isolated from patients who were hospitalised at Sosnowiec Hospital's ICU. We also investigated the drug sensitivity of A. baumannii in relation to antibiotic consumption expressed as the defined daily dose (DDD) and Clostridium difficile infection (CDI)...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Ayano Goto, Yuichi Ozawa, Keigo Koda, Daisuke Akahori, Takashi Koyauchi, Yusuke Amano, Takuya Kakutani, Yoshiko Sato, Hirotsugu Hasegawa, Takashi Matsui, Koshi Yokomura, Takafumi Suda
BACKGROUND: The management of skin toxicity is crucial for efficient afatinib treatment, but the role of tetracycline class antibiotics (TCs) in managing these rashes is relatively unknown. METHODS: We reviewed the clinical records of patients who were administered afatinib for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer harboring epidermal growth factor receptor mutations between October 2014 and November 2016. Twenty-five patients, who received TCs for the management of afatinib-related skin disorders, were enrolled...
March 2018: Respiratory Investigation
Yusuke Okubo, Nobuaki Michihata, Naho Morisaki, Kazuhiro Uda, Isao Miyairi, Yuichi Ogawa, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Hideo Yasunaga
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a major pathogen causing community-acquired pneumonia/bronchitis in children, and macrolide-resistant strains are increasing in East Asian countries. Recent practice patterns, especially for antibiotic selection, and benefits of corticosteroid treatment in pediatric Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections remain unclear. METHODS: Using the Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination inpatient database, we analyzed recent trends in antibiotic selection and corticosteroid use for pediatric Mycoplasma pneumoniae-related respiratory infections, using multivariable mixed effects logistic regressions...
March 2018: Respiratory Investigation
Wei Zheng, Zhenya Zhang, Rui Liu, Zhongfang Lei
A lab-scale intermittently aerated sequencing batch reactor (IASBR) was applied to treat anaerobically digested swine wastewater (ADSW) to explore the removal characteristics of veterinary antibiotics. The removal rates of 11 veterinary antibiotics in the reactor were investigated under different chemical organic demand (COD) volumetric loadings, solid retention times (SRT) and ratios of COD to total nitrogen (TN) or COD/TN. Both sludge sorption and biodegradation were found to be the major contributors to the removal of veterinary antibiotics...
March 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Ziyang Zhang, Haiyan Li, Huijuan Liu
In order to study the influences of functionalized groups onto the adsorption of tetracycline, we prepared a series of amino and amino-Fe3+ complex mesoporous silica adsorbents with diverse content of amino and Fe3+ groups (named N,N-SBA15 and Fe-N,N-SBA15). The resulting mesoporous silica adsorbents were fully characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectrometer (FTIR) and N2 adsorption/desorption isotherms. Furthermore, the effects of functionalized groups on the removal of TC were investigated...
March 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Yaoyin Lou, Zhi-Long Ye, Shaohua Chen, Xin Ye, Yujun Deng, Jianqiao Zhang
Tetracyclines (TCs) discharged from livestock wastewater have aroused public concerns due to their pharmacological threats to ecosystems and human health. As an important medium in the wastewater, suspended organic matters (SOMs) play vital roles in antibiotics transport and degradation. However, limited information has been reported in the relevant literature. This study investigated TCs sorption behavior on SOM, withdrawn from swine wastewater. High TCs sorption capacities were detected, with the maximum values ranging from 0...
March 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Jonas Hönig, Ivana Mižíková, Claudio Nardiello, David Emanuel Surate Solaligue, Maximilian J Daume, István Vadász, Konstantin Mayer, Susanne Herold, Stefan Günther, Werner Seeger, Rory Edward Morty
The emergence of microRNA as regulators of organogenesis and tissue differentiation has stimulated interest in the ablation of microRNA expression and function during discrete periods of development. To this end, inducible, conditional modulation of microRNA expression with doxycycline-based tetracycline-controlled transactivator and tamoxifen-based estrogen receptor systems has found widespread use. However, the induction agents and components of genome recombination systems negatively impact pregnancy, parturition, and post natal development; thereby limiting the use of these technologies between late gestation and the early post-natal period...
March 14, 2018: RNA
Marie C Matrka, Katherine A Cimperman, Sarah R Haas, Geraldine Guasch, Lisa A Ehrman, Ronald R Waclaw, Kakajan Komurov, Adam Lane, Kathryn A Wikenheiser-Brokamp, Susanne I Wells
Esophageal cancer occurs as either squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) or adenocarcinoma. ESCCs comprise almost 90% of cases worldwide, and recur with a less than 15% five-year survival rate despite available treatments. The identification of new ESCC drivers and therapeutic targets is critical for improving outcomes. Here we report that expression of the human DEK oncogene is strongly upregulated in esophageal SCC based on data in the cancer genome atlas (TCGA). DEK is a chromatin-associated protein with important roles in several nuclear processes including gene transcription, epigenetics, and DNA repair...
March 14, 2018: PLoS Genetics
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