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Beer pregnancy

Aastha Gupta, Sandeep Juneja, Marco Vitoria, Vincent Habiyambere, Boniface Dongmo Nguimfack, Meg Doherty, Daniel Low-Beer
With anti-retroviral treatment (ART) scale-up set to continue over the next few years it is of key importance that manufacturers and planners in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) hardest hit by the HIV/AIDS pandemic are able to anticipate and respond to future changes to treatment regimens, generics pipeline and demand, in order to secure continued access to all ARV medicines required. We did a forecast analysis, using secondary WHO and UNAIDS data sources, to estimate the number of people living with HIV (PLHIV) and the market share and demand for a range of new and existing ARV drugs in LMICs up to 2025...
2016: PloS One
Ellen M Mikkelsen, Anders H Riis, Lauren A Wise, Elizabeth E Hatch, Kenneth J Rothman, Heidi T Cueto, Henrik Toft Sørensen
OBJECTIVE:  To investigate to what extent alcohol consumption affects female fecundability. DESIGN:  Prospective cohort study. SETTING:  Denmark, 1 June 2007 to 5 January 2016. PARTICIPANTS:  6120 female Danish residents, aged 21-45 years, in a stable relationship with a male partner, who were trying to conceive and not receiving fertility treatment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:  Alcohol consumption was self reported as beer (330 mL bottles), red or white wine (120 mL glasses), dessert wine (50 mL glasses), and spirits (20 mL) and categorized in standard servings per week (none, 1-3, 4-7, 8-13, and ≥14)...
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Amy Lewin, Stephanie Mitchell, Lee Beers, Kristine Schmitz, Michel Boudreaux
PURPOSE: The Generations program, a patient-centered medical home, providing primary medical care, social work, and mental health services to teen mothers and their children, offers a promising approach to pregnancy prevention for teen mothers. This study tested whether the Generations intervention was associated with improved rates of contraceptive and condom use among participants 12 months after program entry. METHODS: This study compared teen mothers enrolled in Generations to those receiving standard community-based pediatric primary care over 12 months...
August 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Linnea Bärebring, Petra Brembeck, Marie Löf, Hilde K Brekke, Anna Winkvist, Hanna Augustin
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate if food intake (dairy, snacks, caloric beverages, bread, cheese, margarine/butter, potato/rice/pasta/grains, red meat, fish and fruit/berries/vegetables) is associated with gestational weight gain (GWG) in Swedish women. METHODS: Four day food records from 95 pregnant Swedish women were collected in the last trimester. GWG was calculated as weighed body weight in the last trimester (median gestational week 36) minus self-reported pre-pregnancy body weight...
2016: SpringerPlus
Audrey J Gaskins, Janet W Rich-Edwards, Paige L Williams, Thomas L Toth, Stacey A Missmer, Jorge E Chavarro
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have documented the negative effects of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy on risk of pregnancy loss, yet whether prepregnancy alcohol intake affects the risk of spontaneous abortion is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess prepregnancy alcohol intake and risk of spontaneous abortion and stillbirth. METHODS: Our prospective cohort study included 27,580 pregnancies reported by 17,929 women in the Nurses' Health Study II between 1990 and 2009...
March 9, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
Omer Mor, Moshe Stavsky, Maayan Yitshak-Sade, Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia, Ruthy Beer-Weisel, Tal Rafaeli-Yehudai, Limor Besser, Batel Hamou, Moshe Mazor, Offer Erez
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a late sequel of pregnancy, and the role of preeclampsia is debatable. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine the association between preeclampsia and cerebral palsy and to determine the risk factors for the development of cerebral palsy in these patients. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective population-based cohort study was designed that included 229,192 singleton pregnancies. The study population was divided into 2 groups: (1) patients with preeclampsia (n = 9749) and (2) normotensive gestations (n = 219,443)...
January 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Jeniffer Dantas Ferreira, Arnaldo Cézar Couto, Mariana Emerenciano, Maria S Pombo-de-Oliveira, Sergio Koifman
Objectives. To investigate the association between the maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy and early age leukemia (EAL) in offspring. Methods. Datasets were analyzed from a case-control study carried out in Brazil during 1999-2007. Data were obtained by maternal interviews using a standardized questionnaire. The present study included 675 children (193 acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL), 59 acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and 423 controls). Unconditional logistic regression was performed, and adjusted odds ratios (adj...
2015: BioMed Research International
Adi Vinograd, Tamar Wainstock, Moshe Mazor, Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia, Ruthy Beer-Weisel, Vered Klaitman, Doron Dukler, Batel Hamou, Neta Benshalom-Tirosh, Ofir Vinograd, Offer Erez
OBJECTIVE: The rate of placenta accreta, a life threatening condition, is constantly increasing, mainly due to the rise in the rates of cesarean sections. This study is aimed to determine the effect of a history of placenta accreta on subsequent pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: A population based retrospective cohort study was designed, including all women who delivered at our medical center during the study period. The study population was divided into two groups including pregnancies with: (1) a history of placenta accreta (n=514); and (2) control group without placenta accreta (n=239,126)...
April 2015: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Rania Okby, Moshe Mazor, Offer Erez, Ruthy Beer-Weizel, Reli Hershkovitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Mohamed Tiouririne, Duncan G de Souza, Kevin T Beers, Terrance A Yemen
Parturients with Fontan physiology provide unique and complex challenges to anesthesiologists. Such challenges include the maintenance of a perfect balance between preload, pulmonary vascular resistance, afterload, and cardiac output in a setting of a single ventricle physiology. The physiological changes of pregnancy add additional burden to an already "fragile" physiology, making the anesthetic management for labor and/or cesarean delivery even more complex. Understanding the impact of these changes on the Fontan physiology and the effect of anesthetic choices on this dyad (pregnancy-Fontan) is an imperative prior to caring for these patients...
September 2015: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Akshay Hindocha, Lawrence Beere, Sofia Dias, Andrew Watson, Gaity Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Intraperitoneal adhesions are associated with considerable co-morbidity and have large financial and public health repercussions. They have secondary effects that include chronic pelvic pain, dyspareunia, subfertility and bowel obstruction. In women with adhesions, subsequent surgery is more difficult, often takes longer, and is associated with a higher complication rate (Broek 2013). The significant burden of adhesions has led to the development of several anti-adhesion agents, although there is disagreement as to their relative effectiveness...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia, Amarilla Mandola, Moshe Mazor, Reli Hershkovitz, Oded Mesner, Ruthy Beer-Weisel, Limor Besser, Ilan Shelef, Neta Loewenthal, Agneta Golan, Igor Gruzman, Offer Erez
Fetal goiter is an extremely rare complication of pregnancy. Its incidence is 1 in 40,000 deliveries. Antithyroid maternal therapy is responsible for 10-15% of fetal congenital hypothyroidism and can be considered as the most frequent underlying cause for this condition. The frequency of fetal goiter that is associated with fetal hypothyroidism and normal maternal thyroid function, as in our case, is even less frequent. Fetal goiter is associated with increased rate of perinatal complications and long-term morbidity, due to peripartum complications including labor dystocia due to its mass effect, as well as neonatal airway obstruction that may lead to hypoxic-ischemic brain injury and death...
2015: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
M de Beer, T G M Vrijkotte, M F van der Wal, M M van Weissenbruch, R J B J Gemke
The aim of this study was to investigate the assumed positive association of pre-existent and pregnancy-induced hypertension with the offspring's weight and length gain in the first 14 months of life. We studied 3994 pregnant women and their offspring in a prospective community-based cohort study, starting between 2003 and 2004 (Amsterdam Born Children and their Development, ABCD study). Questionnaires obtaining information about hypertension during pregnancy were completed, and this was complemented with additional information from the obstetric caregiver...
October 2010: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
John Patrick Adiong, Eunji Kim, Gideon Koren, Pina Bozzo
QUESTION: An increasing number of my patients are asking about the safety of consuming non-alcoholic beer and other alcohol-free versions of alcoholic beverages during pregnancy and breastfeeding, as they believe that these drinks might be a "safer" alternative to regular alcoholic beverages. What are Motherisk's recommendations regarding these products? ANSWER: Such drinks might contain higher ethanol levels than what is indicated on their labels. As there is no known safe level of alcohol intake in pregnancy, abstinence from non-alcoholic beverages would eliminate any risk of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder...
August 2014: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Silke Hechinger, Kerstin Wernike, Martin Beer
The arthropod-borne Schmallenberg virus (SBV), family Orthobunyaviridae, emerged in Europe in 2011. SBV is associated with a mild disease in adult ruminants but fetal malformation after an infection during a critical phase of pregnancy. A number of inactivated vaccines have been developed; their efficacy after two injections was demonstrated. To make the vaccination of sheep more efficient and economic the effect of a single immunization with one of these vaccines was investigated in the present study. Five vaccinated sheep and five additional control sheep were inoculated with SBV three weeks after vaccination and the results of a competitive ELISA, a standard microneutralization test and an SBV-specific real-time RT-PCR confirmed vaccine efficacy by demonstrating complete inhibition of viral replication in immunized animals...
2014: Veterinary Research
Joel Baron, Adi Y Weintraub, Tamar Eshkoli, Reli Hershkovitz, Eyal Sheiner
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether women with a previous uterine scar dehiscence are at increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes in the following delivery. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of all subsequent singleton cesarean deliveries performed at the Soroka University Medical Center, Beer-Sheva, Israel, between January 1, 1988, and December 31, 2011. Clinical and demographic characteristics, maternal obstetric complications, and fetal complications were evaluated among women with or without a previous documented uterine scar dehiscence...
August 2014: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Lyndsay Ammon Avalos, Sarah C M Roberts, Lee Ann Kaskutas, Gladys Block, De-Kun Li
BACKGROUND: Research on alcohol consumption during pregnancy and miscarriage spans over three decades, yet the relationship is still not well-understood. OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between volume and type of alcohol consumed during pregnancy in relation to miscarriage. METHODS: We utilized data from a population-based cohort study of pregnant women (n = 1061) of which 172 (16%) women had a miscarriage. Upon study entry, participants were asked about their alcohol consumption during pregnancy...
September 2014: Substance Use & Misuse
A Kalok, S Furara, S Beer, S Radhakrishnan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2014: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Giovana Brolese, Paula Lunardi, Núbia Broetto, Douglas S Engelke, Franciane Lírio, Cristiane Batassini, Ana Carolina Tramontina, Carlos-Alberto Gonçalves
Alcohol consumption by women during gestation has become increasingly common. Although it is widely accepted that exposure to high doses of ethanol has long-lasting detrimental effects on brain development, the case for moderate doses is underappreciated, and benchmark studies have demonstrated structural and behavioral defects associated with moderate prenatal alcohol exposure in humans and animal models. This study aimed to investigate the influence of in utero exposure to moderate levels of ethanol throughout pregnancy on learning/memory, anxiety parameters and neuroglial parameters in adolescent offspring...
August 1, 2014: Behavioural Brain Research
Kerstin Wernike, Franz Conraths, Gina Zanella, Harald Granzow, Kristel Gache, Horst Schirrmeier, Stephen Valas, Christoph Staubach, Philippe Marianneau, Franziska Kraatz, Detlef Höreth-Böntgen, Ilona Reimann, Stéphan Zientara, Martin Beer
In autumn 2011, a novel species of the genus Orthobunyavirus of the Simbu serogroup was discovered close to the German/Dutch border and named Schmallenberg virus (SBV). Since then, SBV has caused a large epidemic in European livestock. Like other viruses of the Simbu serogroup, SBV is transmitted by insect vectors. Adult ruminants may show a mild transient disease, while an infection during a critical period of pregnancy can lead to severe congenital malformation, premature birth or stillbirth. The current knowledge about the virus, its diagnosis, the spread of the epidemic, the impact and the possibilities for preventing infections with SBV is described and discussed...
October 15, 2014: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
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