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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282704/diet-medication-use-and-drug-intake-during-pregnancy-data-from-the-consecutive-swiss-health-surveys-of-2007-and-2012
#1
Cornelia Bornhauser, Katharina Quack Lötscher, Burkhardt Seifert, Ana Paula Simões-Wüst
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to gain knowledge on the health status of pregnant women in Switzerland, especially their attitude to and decisions about diet, use of medication and consumption of drugs, including alcohol and tobacco. METHODS: Data collected by the consecutive Swiss Health Surveys of 2007 and 2012 on sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics (including nutrition), type and intake of medication, use of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs of the female population were analysed...
December 28, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994115/the-effect-of-fertility-treatment-on-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-in-women-aged-at-least-40-years
#2
Avi Harlev, Asnat Walfisch, Eynan Oran, Iris Har-Vardi, Michael Friger, Eitan Lunenfeld, Eliahu Levitas
OBJECTIVE: To compare perinatal outcomes between spontaneous conception and assisted reproductive technologies (ART) among patients of advanced maternal age. METHODS: The present retrospective study included data from singleton pregnancies of women aged at least 40 years who delivered between January 1, 1991, and December 31, 2013, at Soroka University Medical Center, Beer Sheva, Israel. Demographic, obstetric, and perinatal data were compared between pregnancies conceived with ART (in vitro fertilization [IVF] or ovulation induction) and those conceived spontaneously...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985745/mucus-and-mucins-do-they-have-a-role-in-the-inhibition-of-the-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#3
REVIEW
Anwar Suleman Mall, Habtom Habte, Yolanda Mthembu, Julia Peacocke, Corena de Beer
BACKGROUND: Mucins are large O-linked glycosylated proteins which give mucus their gel-forming properties. There are indications that mucus and mucins in saliva, breast milk and in the cervical plug inhibit the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) in an in vitro assay. Crude mucus gels form continuous layers on the epithelial surfaces of the major internal tracts of the body and protect these epithelial surfaces against aggressive luminal factors such as hydrochloric acid and pepsin proteolysis in the stomach lumen, the movement of hard faecal pellets in the colon at high pressure, the effects of shear against the vaginal epithelium during intercourse and the presence of foreign substances in the respiratory airways...
October 6, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888645/eradication-of-bovine-viral-diarrhea-virus-in-germany-diversity-of-subtypes-and-detection-of-live-vaccine-viruses
#4
Kerstin Wernike, Horst Schirrmeier, Heinz-Günter Strebelow, Martin Beer
Bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) causes high economic losses in the cattle population worldwide. In Germany, an obligatory control program with detection and removal of persistently infected animals is in force since 2011. For molecular tracing of virus transmission, a comprehensive sequence data base of the currently circulating BVD viruses was established. Partial sequences of 1007 samples collected between 2008 and 2016 were generated. As dominant viruses, subtypes 1b (47.0%) and 1d (26.5%) could be identified with no marked geographic or sampling year effect, a much higher amount of BVDV-2c was detected in 2013 compared to other years, predominantly in Western Germany...
September 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600043/placenta-associated-pregnancy-complications-in-pregnancies-complicated-with-placenta-previa
#5
Yael Baumfeld, Reli Herskovitz, Zehavi Bar Niv, Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia, Adi Y Weintraub
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of our study was to examine the hypothesis that pregnancies complicated with placenta previa have an increased risk of placental insufficiency associated pregnancy complications (IUGR, preeclampsia, placental abruption and perinatal mortality). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study included all deliveries that occurred at Soroka University Medical Center (Beer Sheva, Israel) between January 1998 and December 2013. Of them 1,249 were complicated by placenta previa and represented our study group...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790525/prevalence-and-predictors-of-alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-in-south-eastern-nigeria
#6
Chidinma Ifechi Onwuka, Emmanuel Onyebuchi Ugwu, Cyril Chukwudi Dim, Ifeanyi Emmanuel Menuba, Emeka Ifeanyi Iloghalu, Chidozie Ifechi Onwuka
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is a major public health problem because of the enormous deleterious effects on a developing fetus. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is among the highest per capita rates of alcohol consumption in the world, thus suggesting a high burden of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorder (FASD) in the sub-region. Despite this, there is limited data on alcohol exposed pregnancies for most SSA countries including Nigeria. AIM: To determine the prevalence and predictors of alcohol consumption during pregnancy in Enugu, South-Eastern Nigeria...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736953/projected-uptake-of-new-antiretroviral-arv-medicines-in-adults-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-forecast-analysis-2015-2025
#7
Aastha Gupta, Sandeep Juneja, Marco Vitoria, Vincent Habiyambere, Boniface Dongmo Nguimfack, Meg Doherty, Daniel Low-Beer
With anti-retroviral treatment (ART) scale-up set to continue over the next few years it is of key importance that manufacturers and planners in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) hardest hit by the HIV/AIDS pandemic are able to anticipate and respond to future changes to treatment regimens, generics pipeline and demand, in order to secure continued access to all ARV medicines required. We did a forecast analysis, using secondary WHO and UNAIDS data sources, to estimate the number of people living with HIV (PLHIV) and the market share and demand for a range of new and existing ARV drugs in LMICs up to 2025...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581754/alcohol-consumption-and-fecundability-prospective-danish-cohort-study
#8
Ellen M Mikkelsen, Anders H Riis, Lauren A Wise, Elizabeth E Hatch, Kenneth J Rothman, Heidi T Cueto, Henrik Toft Sørensen
OBJECTIVE:  To investigate to what extent alcohol consumption affects female fecundability. DESIGN:  Prospective cohort study. SETTING:  Denmark, 1 June 2007 to 5 January 2016. PARTICIPANTS:  6120 female Danish residents, aged 21-45 years, in a stable relationship with a male partner, who were trying to conceive and not receiving fertility treatment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:  Alcohol consumption was self reported as beer (330 mL bottles), red or white wine (120 mL glasses), dessert wine (50 mL glasses), and spirits (20 mL) and categorized in standard servings per week (none, 1-3, 4-7, 8-13, and ≥14)...
August 31, 2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448947/improved-contraceptive-use-among-teen-mothers-in-a-patient-centered-medical-home
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Amy Lewin, Stephanie Mitchell, Lee Beers, Kristine Schmitz, Michel Boudreaux
PURPOSE: The Generations program, a patient-centered medical home, providing primary medical care, social work, and mental health services to teen mothers and their children, offers a promising approach to pregnancy prevention for teen mothers. This study tested whether the Generations intervention was associated with improved rates of contraceptive and condom use among participants 12 months after program entry. METHODS: This study compared teen mothers enrolled in Generations to those receiving standard community-based pediatric primary care over 12 months...
August 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066384/food-intake-and-gestational-weight-gain-in-swedish-women
#10
Linnea Bärebring, Petra Brembeck, Marie Löf, Hilde K Brekke, Anna Winkvist, Hanna Augustin
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate if food intake (dairy, snacks, caloric beverages, bread, cheese, margarine/butter, potato/rice/pasta/grains, red meat, fish and fruit/berries/vegetables) is associated with gestational weight gain (GWG) in Swedish women. METHODS: Four day food records from 95 pregnant Swedish women were collected in the last trimester. GWG was calculated as weighed body weight in the last trimester (median gestational week 36) minus self-reported pre-pregnancy body weight...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26962177/prepregnancy-low-to-moderate-alcohol-intake-is-not-associated-with-risk-of-spontaneous-abortion-or-stillbirth
#11
Audrey J Gaskins, Janet W Rich-Edwards, Paige L Williams, Thomas L Toth, Stacey A Missmer, Jorge E Chavarro
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have documented the negative effects of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy on risk of pregnancy loss, yet whether prepregnancy alcohol intake affects the risk of spontaneous abortion is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess prepregnancy alcohol intake and risk of spontaneous abortion and stillbirth. METHODS: Our prospective cohort study included 27,580 pregnancies reported by 17,929 women in the Nurses' Health Study II between 1990 and 2009...
March 9, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26283455/early-onset-preeclampsia-and-cerebral-palsy-a-double-hit-model
#12
Omer Mor, Moshe Stavsky, Maayan Yitshak-Sade, Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia, Ruthy Beer-Weisel, Tal Rafaeli-Yehudai, Limor Besser, Batel Hamou, Moshe Mazor, Offer Erez
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a late sequel of pregnancy, and the role of preeclampsia is debatable. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine the association between preeclampsia and cerebral palsy and to determine the risk factors for the development of cerebral palsy in these patients. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective population-based cohort study was designed that included 229,192 singleton pregnancies. The study population was divided into 2 groups: (1) patients with preeclampsia (n = 9749) and (2) normotensive gestations (n = 219,443)...
January 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26090439/maternal-alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-early-age-leukemia-risk-in-brazil
#13
Jeniffer Dantas Ferreira, Arnaldo Cézar Couto, Mariana Emerenciano, Maria S Pombo-de-Oliveira, Sergio Koifman
Objectives. To investigate the association between the maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy and early age leukemia (EAL) in offspring. Methods. Datasets were analyzed from a case-control study carried out in Brazil during 1999-2007. Data were obtained by maternal interviews using a standardized questionnaire. The present study included 675 children (193 acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL), 59 acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and 423 controls). Unconditional logistic regression was performed, and adjusted odds ratios (adj...
2015: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25681995/a-prior-placenta-accreta-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-post-partum-hemorrhage-in-subsequent-gestations
#14
Adi Vinograd, Tamar Wainstock, Moshe Mazor, Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia, Ruthy Beer-Weisel, Vered Klaitman, Doron Dukler, Batel Hamou, Neta Benshalom-Tirosh, Ofir Vinograd, Offer Erez
OBJECTIVE: The rate of placenta accreta, a life threatening condition, is constantly increasing, mainly due to the rise in the rates of cesarean sections. This study is aimed to determine the effect of a history of placenta accreta on subsequent pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: A population based retrospective cohort study was designed, including all women who delivered at our medical center during the study period. The study population was divided into two groups including pregnancies with: (1) a history of placenta accreta (n=514); and (2) control group without placenta accreta (n=239,126)...
April 2015: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25614410/reversal-of-mirror-syndrome-after-selective-feticide-of-a-hydropic-fetus-in-a-dichorionic-diamniotic-twin-pregnancy
#15
LETTER
Rania Okby, Moshe Mazor, Offer Erez, Ruthy Beer-Weizel, Reli Hershkovitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25586083/anesthetic-management-of-parturients-with-a-fontan-circulation-a-review-of-published-case-reports
#16
REVIEW
Mohamed Tiouririne, Duncan G de Souza, Kevin T Beers, Terrance A Yemen
Parturients with Fontan physiology provide unique and complex challenges to anesthesiologists. Such challenges include the maintenance of a perfect balance between preload, pulmonary vascular resistance, afterload, and cardiac output in a setting of a single ventricle physiology. The physiological changes of pregnancy add additional burden to an already "fragile" physiology, making the anesthetic management for labor and/or cesarean delivery even more complex. Understanding the impact of these changes on the Fontan physiology and the effect of anesthetic choices on this dyad (pregnancy-Fontan) is an imperative prior to caring for these patients...
September 2015: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25561409/adhesion-prevention-agents-for-gynaecological-surgery-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#17
REVIEW
Akshay Hindocha, Lawrence Beere, Sofia Dias, Andrew Watson, Gaity Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Intraperitoneal adhesions are associated with considerable co-morbidity and have large financial and public health repercussions. They have secondary effects that include chronic pelvic pain, dyspareunia, subfertility and bowel obstruction. In women with adhesions, subsequent surgery is more difficult, often takes longer, and is associated with a higher complication rate (Broek 2013). The significant burden of adhesions has led to the development of several anti-adhesion agents, although there is disagreement as to their relative effectiveness...
January 6, 2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25363013/antenatal-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hypothyroid-fetal-goiter-in-an-euthyroid-mother-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#18
REVIEW
Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia, Amarilla Mandola, Moshe Mazor, Reli Hershkovitz, Oded Mesner, Ruthy Beer-Weisel, Limor Besser, Ilan Shelef, Neta Loewenthal, Agneta Golan, Igor Gruzman, Offer Erez
Fetal goiter is an extremely rare complication of pregnancy. Its incidence is 1 in 40,000 deliveries. Antithyroid maternal therapy is responsible for 10-15% of fetal congenital hypothyroidism and can be considered as the most frequent underlying cause for this condition. The frequency of fetal goiter that is associated with fetal hypothyroidism and normal maternal thyroid function, as in our case, is even less frequent. Fetal goiter is associated with increased rate of perinatal complications and long-term morbidity, due to peripartum complications including labor dystocia due to its mass effect, as well as neonatal airway obstruction that may lead to hypoxic-ischemic brain injury and death...
2015: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25141936/relation-of-maternal-hypertension-with-infant-growth-in-a-prospective-birth-cohort-the-abcd-study
#19
M de Beer, T G M Vrijkotte, M F van der Wal, M M van Weissenbruch, R J B J Gemke
The aim of this study was to investigate the assumed positive association of pre-existent and pregnancy-induced hypertension with the offspring's weight and length gain in the first 14 months of life. We studied 3994 pregnant women and their offspring in a prospective community-based cohort study, starting between 2003 and 2004 (Amsterdam Born Children and their Development, ABCD study). Questionnaires obtaining information about hypertension during pregnancy were completed, and this was complemented with additional information from the obstetric caregiver...
October 2010: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25122816/consuming-non-alcoholic-beer-and-other-beverages-during-pregnancy-and-breastfeeding
#20
John Patrick Adiong, Eunji Kim, Gideon Koren, Pina Bozzo
QUESTION: An increasing number of my patients are asking about the safety of consuming non-alcoholic beer and other alcohol-free versions of alcoholic beverages during pregnancy and breastfeeding, as they believe that these drinks might be a "safer" alternative to regular alcoholic beverages. What are Motherisk's recommendations regarding these products? ANSWER: Such drinks might contain higher ethanol levels than what is indicated on their labels. As there is no known safe level of alcohol intake in pregnancy, abstinence from non-alcoholic beverages would eliminate any risk of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder...
August 2014: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
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