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Gastric mucosal prolapse

Xingshen Sun, Alicia K Olivier, Yaling Yi, Christopher E Pope, Hillary S Hayden, Bo Liang, Hongshu Sui, Weihong Zhou, Kyle R Hager, Yulong Zhang, Xiaoming Liu, Ziying Yan, John T Fisher, Nicholas W Keiser, Yi Song, Scott R Tyler, J Adam Goeken, Joann M Kinyon, Matthew C Radey, Danielle Fligg, Xiaoyan Wang, Weiliang Xie, Thomas J Lynch, Paul M Kaminsky, Mitchell J Brittnacher, Samuel I Miller, Kalpaj Parekh, David K Meyerholz, Lucas R Hoffman, Timothy Frana, Zoe A Stewart, John F Engelhardt
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a multiorgan disease caused by loss of a functional cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) chloride channel in many epithelia of the body. Here we report the pathology observed in the gastrointestinal organs of juvenile to adult CFTR-knockout ferrets. CF gastrointestinal manifestations included gastric ulceration, intestinal bacterial overgrowth with villous atrophy, and rectal prolapse. Metagenomic phylogenetic analysis of fecal microbiota by deep sequencing revealed considerable genotype-independent microbial diversity between animals, with the majority of taxa overlapping between CF and non-CF pairs...
May 2014: American Journal of Pathology
Alena Chlumská, Petr Mukenšnabl, Tomáš Waloschek, Michal Zámečník
Gastric epithelial dysplasia (GED) represents a recognized precursor lesion of gastric adenocarcinoma. GED types can be classified according to its morphology and patterns of mucin expression into adenomatous (intestinal), foveolar (gastric) and hybrid (mixed) types. We examined gastroscopic specimens with GED in 35 patients (21 men and 14 women, mean age 69.6 years). Adenomatous dysplasia was present in 17 patients (49 %), and was of low grade in 14 cases and high grade in 3 cases. Foveolar type dysplasia was found in 16 patients (46 %), and almost in one half of the cases it was high grade (in 7 cases, i...
January 2013: Ceskoslovenská Patologie
W De Corte, H Delrue, L J J Vanfleteren, P E M Dutré, H Pottel, D K J C Devriendt, F H E C Van Rooy, M D'Hondt, S Carlier, M B Desmet
BACKGROUND: Hyperperistalsis of the small bowel during laparoscopic surgery may cause mucosal prolapse and reduce exposure, making laparoscopic suturing or stapling more demanding for the surgeon. Although it is commonly accepted that both opioids and volatile anaesthetics induce intestinal paralysis, intestinal hyperactivity during anaesthesia is not uncommon. This randomized trial investigated the effect of different volatile anaesthetics on intestinal motility and the impact on surgeon satisfaction...
November 2012: British Journal of Surgery
Zhi-Ping Guo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2012: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
B Aramini, S Mattioli, M Lugaresi, S Brusori, M P Di Simone, F D'Ovidio
The prevalence of gastroesophageal (GE) mucosal prolapse in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) was investigated as well as the clinical profile and treatment outcome of these patients. Of the patients who were referred to our service between 1980 and 2008, those patients who received a complete diagnostic work-up, and were successively treated and followed up at our center with interviews, radiology studies, endoscopy, and, when indicated, esophageal manometry and pH recording were selected...
August 2012: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Stefano Pontone, Daniele Pironi, Chiara Eberspacher, Paolo Pontone, Angelo Filippini
Gastric hyperplastic polyps are often asymptomatic and are found incidentally at upper endoscopy performed for unrelated reasons. Although they are considered a benign lesion, all symptomatic polyps should be removed for a more reliable histological diagnosis, resolution of symptoms and to prevent potential malignant transformation. In fact, there are no significant difference between pure gastric hyperplastic polyps and gastric hyperplastic polyps with neoplastic transformation in the number, location, or gross appearance of polyps...
July 2011: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
D E Aust, J Rüschoff
Non-neoplastic and non-hamartomatous colorectal polyps or tumor-like lesions comprise a very heterogeneous group of changes in the colorectal mucosa or the colon wall. Mucosal prolapse-associated lesions and inflammatory polyps, which are predominantly associated with chronic inflammatory bowel disease, are the most prominent examples for polypoid lesions difficult to distinguish from neoplastic lesions such as adenomas, hyperplastic/serrated polyps/adenomas and invasive carcinomas. The considerably less frequent tumor-like lesions like heterotopias, endometriosis, amyloid tumors and pseudolipomatous changes are histologically often well defined and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of colorectal lesions...
July 2011: Der Pathologe
Elvira Gonzalez-Obeso, Hiroshi Fujita, Vikram Deshpande, Fumihiro Ogawa, Mikhail Lisovsky, Muriel Genevay, Krzysztof Grzyb, William Brugge, Jochen K Lennerz, Michio Shimizu, Amitabh Srivastava, Gregory Y Lauwers
BACKGROUND: Gastric hyperplastic polyps are the second most common subtype of gastric polyps. There has been an ongoing debate about their precise diagnostic criteria and etiological associations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 208 gastric polyps that were originally diagnosed as hyperplastic polyps in our department during an 8-year period were reviewed using recently emphasized diagnostic criteria, and their clinicopathologic associations were explored. RESULTS: Only 41 cases were confirmed as hyperplastic polyps, whereas 103 cases (49%) were reclassified as polypoid foveolar hyperplasia, and 64 cases (31%) were diagnosed as gastric mucosal prolapse polyps...
May 2011: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1946: Canadian Medical Association Journal
M Stöwhas, K Dommisch, J Sauer
HISTORY AND ADMISSION FINDINGS: A 46-year-old woman presented with nausea and vomiting, colics and localized pain in the upper abdomen. There was a family history of juvenile polyposis (3 of 4 siblings). Twelve years ago a colectomy had been performed in the patient for a gastric mucosal polyps. INVESTIGATIONS: The physical examination showed a nearly normal BMI of 20,9 kg/m2. Gastroscopy showed polyps prolapsed into the duodenum, some of them incarcerated causing the listed symptoms...
October 2009: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Sisir Kumar Saha
Despite so much contributions reported in the literature, the aetiology of the duodenal ulcer remains an enigmatic subject to the medical profession. Findings of Helicobacter pylori seem to have overshadowed the real issue, in that, how a small area of the duodenal mucosa could be inflicted with the acid-pepsin injury has not been questioned? One hundred and sixty-eight consecutive patients, presented with epigastric pain were included in the endoscopic study. The aim of the study was to find out the prevalence and its clinical importance on the sizes of the pyloric aperture in the aetiology of peptic ulcer disease...
April 2009: Journal of the Indian Medical Association
Serhat Aymaz, Arno-J Dormann
The incidence of adenocarcinoma of the esophago-gastric junction is constantly increasing. Curative treatment is no longer possible at the time of diagnosis in more than 50% of patients with esophageal carcinoma, and palliative treatment focusing on eliminating dysphagia is required. Endoscopic therapy with stent implantation is an established method of achieving this. It can be carried out quickly, with a low rate of early complications, and leads to fast symptomatic improvement, assessed using the dysphagia score...
June 28, 2008: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
V S Jones, E R La Hei, A Shun
We present a paediatric institutional experience with laparoscopic gastrostomies (LG) and evaluate its appropriateness as the recommended method for gastrostomy placement. We also sought to evaluate the efficacy of a simple technique for LG and collected information on long-term follow-up after LG. LG was performed in 112 children over a 6-year-period. The procedure involves visualization of the stomach through an umbilical port and a second epigastric gastrostomy site to select and anchor the stomach with sutures prior to the placement of a low profile gastrostomy feeding device (LPGD)...
November 2007: Pediatric Surgery International
Girolamo Geraci, Carmelo Sciumè, Franco Pisello, Francesco Li Volsi, Tiziana Facella, Giuseppe Modica
INTRODUCTION: Mason's Vertical Banded Gastroplasty (VBG) is characterized by peculiar complications, related to surgical pitfalls, from "outlet syndrome" (5%) to complete outlet obstruction (3%), passing to reflux oesophagitis (45%), that require redo. We report a case of "outlet syndrome" treated by operative endoscopy with success. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 40 yrs male, operated by VBG 2 years ago for morbid obesity (BMI > 40). After surgery, initial ponderal decrement as attended...
March 2007: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Michael B Robertson, Kyuran A Choe, Patricia M Joseph
Cystic fibrosis is a common inherited fatal disease. As the life expectancy of affected individuals continues to increase with advances in disease management, this disease is no longer limited to the pediatric population. Currently, 40% of patients with cystic fibrosis are adults. In addition, patients may not present until adulthood and frequently have extrapulmonary symptoms. Abdominal manifestations are common and affect multiple organ systems. Hepatobiliary manifestations include fatty infiltration of the liver, gallbladder abnormalities, bile duct abnormalities, focal biliary fibrosis, and multinodular cirrhosis...
May 2006: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1952: Medizinische Monatsschrift
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1951: Radiology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 1954: Boletines y Trabajos—Sociedad de Cirugía de Buenos Aires
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1963: American Journal of Roentgenology, Radium Therapy, and Nuclear Medicine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1963: Radiology
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