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Chao Tian, Wei Zhang, Van Phuc Nguyen, Xueding Wang, Yannis M Paulus
Photoacoustic ocular imaging is an emerging ophthalmic imaging technology that can noninvasively visualize ocular tissue by converting light energy into sound waves and is currently under intensive investigation. However, most reported work to date is focused on the imaging of the posterior segment of the eyes of small animals, such as rats and mice, which poses challenges for clinical human translation due to small eyeball sizes. This manuscript describes a novel photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) dual-modality system for posterior segment imaging of the eyes of larger animals, such as rabbits...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Cedric Allier, Romaric Vincent, Fabrice Navarro, Mathilde Menneteau, Lamya Ghenim, Xavier Gidrol, Thomas Bordy, Lionel Hervé, Olivier Cioni, Sabine Bardin, Michel Bornens, Yves Usson, Sophie Morales
Here, we demonstrate that lens-free video microscopy enables us to simultaneously capture the kinetics of thousands of cells directly inside the incubator and that it is possible to monitor and quantify single cells along several cell cycles. We describe the full protocol used to monitor and quantify a HeLa cell culture for 2.7 days. First, cell culture acquisition is performed with a lens-free video microscope, and then the data is analyzed following a four-step process: multi-wavelength holographic reconstruction, cell-tracking, cell segmentation and cell division detection algorithms...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Milena L Pachowsky, Arnd Kleyer, Lisa Wagner, Andreas Langenbach, David Simon, Rolf Janka, Matthias May, Goetz H Welsch
Objective A minimally invasive treatment of osteoporotic and nonosteoporotic thoracic and lumbar spine fractures is cement augmentation (kyphoplasty). Little is known about the impact on adjacent intervertebral discs. A quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) approach in addition to morphological MRI is desirable to evaluate changes in the intervertebral disc. Our study aims to evaluate the feasibility of T2 mapping for the detection of subtle changes in the intervertebral discs in spines after kyphoplasty...
March 1, 2018: Cartilage
Zuoyan Wang, Lihui Ren, Na Liu, Jianjun Peng
OBJECTIVE: Because the no-reflow phenomenon in patients with ST- segment elevation myocardial infarction can lead to poor outcomes and early identification of patients at high risk may alter the clinical outcome, we aimed to study possible differences in the predictive utility among hematological parameters for early identification of patients at high risk of the no-reflow phenomenon during the primary percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS: A total of 612 patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention were enrolled...
January 1, 2018: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
Cebrail Akyuz, Necdet Fatih Yasar, Orhan Uzun, Kıvanc Derya Peker, Oguzhan Sunamak, Mustafa Duman, Ahmet Ozer Sehirli, Sinan Yol
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to investigate the effect of melatonin on the healing of colon anastomosis following chemotherapy. METHODS: 32 rats were randomised into four groups: (a) control group (Group 1), which underwent sigmoid colon transaction and primary anastomosis; (b) melatonin group (Group 2), which received melatonin daily following anastomosis; (c) 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) group (Group 3), which received 5-FU for five days prior to anastomosis; and (d) 5-FU+melatonin group (Group 4), which received 5-FU for five days prior to anastomosis and melatonin daily following anastomosis...
March 19, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
Ge Yang, Kun Yu, Jan Kubicek, Jörg Labahn
The data presented here are related to the research article entitled "Expression, purification, and preliminary characterization of human presenilin-2" [1]. Human Presenilin-2 is the catalytic subunit of γ-secretase and a possible calcium leakage channel (Kimberly et al., 2000; Tu et al., 2006) [2], [3]. HisPS2 which was obtained by overexpression in E. coli strain C43 (DE3) was extracted by detergent solubilisation. The sample isolation efficiency by detergents and the protein identification by mass spectrometry and western blot are described...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Timm Oberwahrenbrock, Ghislaine L Traber, Sebastian Lukas, Iñigo Gabilondo, Rachel Nolan, Christopher Songster, Lisanne Balk, Axel Petzold, Friedemann Paul, Pablo Villoslada, Alexander U Brandt, Ari J Green, Sven Schippling
Objective: To evaluate the inter-rater reliability of semiautomated segmentation of spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) macular volume scans. Methods: Macular OCT volume scans of left eyes from 17 subjects (8 patients with MS and 9 healthy controls) were automatically segmented by Heidelberg Eye Explorer (v1.9.3.0) beta-software (Spectralis Viewing Module v6.0.0.7), followed by manual correction by 5 experienced operators from 5 different academic centers...
May 2018: Neurology® Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation
Yu-Cherng Chang, Keke Liu, Florence Cabot, Sonia H Yoo, Marco Ruggeri, Arthur Ho, Jean-Marie Parel, Fabrice Manns
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) offers new options for imaging the ciliary muscle allowing direct in vivo visualization. However, variation in image quality along the length of the muscle prevents accurate delineation and quantification of the muscle. Quantitative analyses of the muscle are accompanied by variability in segmentation between examiners and between sessions for the same examiner. In processes such as accommodation where changes in muscle thickness may be tens of microns- the equivalent of a small number of image pixels, differences in segmentation can influence the magnitude and potentially the direction of thickness change...
February 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Jaidip Jagtap, Gayatri Sharma, Abdul K Parchur, Venkateswara Gogineni, Carmen Bergom, Sarah White, Michael J Flister, Amit Joshi
Vascular supply is a critical component of the tumor microenvironment (TME) and is essential for tumor growth and metastasis, yet the endogenous genetic modifiers that impact vascular function in the TME are largely unknown. To identify the host TME modifiers of tumor vascular function, we combined a novel genetic mapping strategy [Consomic Xenograft Model] with near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence imaging and multiparametric analysis of pharmacokinetic modeling. To detect vascular flow, an intensified cooled camera based dynamic NIR imaging system with 785 nm laser diode based excitation was used to image the whole-body fluorescence emission of intravenously injected indocyanine green dye...
February 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Hyung-Jin Kim, Minji Kim, Min Gyu Hyeon, Youngwoon Choi, Beop-Min Kim
We propose a new method of determining the optical axis (OA), pupillary axis (PA), and visual axis (VA) of the human eye by using dual-depth whole-eye optical coherence tomography (OCT). These axes, as well as the angles "α" between the OA and VA and "κ" between PA and VA, are important in many ophthalmologic applications, especially in refractive surgery. Whole-eye images are reconstructed based on simultaneously acquired images of the anterior segment and retina. The light from a light source is split into two orthogonal polarization components for imaging the anterior segment and retina, respectively...
February 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Kalliopi Pitarokoili, Moritz Kronlage, Philip Bäumer, Daniel Schwarz, Ralf Gold, Martin Bendszus, Min-Suk Yoon
Background: We present a clinical, electrophysiological, sonographical and magnetic resonance neurography (MRN) study examining the complementary role of two neuroimaging methods of the peripheral nervous system for patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). Furthermore, we explore the significance of cross-sectional area (CSA) increase through correlations with MRN markers of nerve integrity. Methods: A total of 108 nerve segments on the median, ulnar, radial, tibial and fibular nerve, as well as the lumbar and cervical plexus of 18 CIDP patients were examined with high-resonance nerve ultrasound (HRUS) and MRN additionally to the nerve conduction studies...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
Muhammad Abdullah, Yunpeng Cao, Xi Cheng, Awais Shakoor, Xueqiang Su, Junshan Gao, Yongping Cai
The SQUAMOSA promoter binding protein (SBP)-box proteins are plant-specific transcriptional factors in plants. SBP TFs are known to play important functions in a diverse development process and also related in the process of evolutionary novelties. SBP gene family has been characterized in several plant species, but little is known about molecular evolution, functional divergence and comprehensive study of SBP gene family in Rosacea. We carried out genome-wide investigations and identified 14, 32, 17, and 17 SBP genes from four Rosacea species ( Fragaria vesca , Pyrus bretschneideri, Prunus persica and Prunus mume , respectively)...
2018: Frontiers in Genetics
Philippe Malcolm, Samuel Galle, Wim Derave, Dirk De Clercq
The bi-articular m. gastrocnemius and the mono-articular m. soleus have different and complementary functions during walking. Several groups are starting to use these biological functions as inspiration to design prostheses with bi-articular actuation components to replace the function of the m. gastrocnemius. Simulation studies indicate that a bi-articular configuration and spring that mimic the m. gastrocnemius could be beneficial for orthoses or exoskeletons. Our aim was to test the effect of a bi-articular and spring configuration that mimics the m...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Ruifu Yang, Mingwu Zhou, Chaofeng Xing, Shimin Li, Li Song, Jia Chen, Yingjie Xiong, Kai Zhang
Objective: To expound the clinical effect of a new operation by transplanting double segment triangular fibula flap with vascular pedicle to repair the forefoot with lateral bone defect, and to study how to improve the operation method in the following stage. Methods: The inclusion criteria: More than 2 phalangeal and metatarsal bones defects of the lateral forefoot, widespread skin and soft tissue defects on pelma and dorsal foot, and destruction of the anterior aspect of foot arch, which seriously affects the foot function...
December 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
L Vidyaratne, M Alam, Z Shboul, K M Iftekharuddin
Brain tumor segmentation is a fundamental step in surgical treatment and therapy. Many hand-crafted and learning based methods have been proposed for automatic brain tumor segmentation from MRI. Studies have shown that these approaches have their inherent advantages and limitations. This work proposes a semantic label fusion algorithm by combining two representative state-of-the-art segmentation algorithms: texture based hand-crafted, and deep learning based methods to obtain robust tumor segmentation. We evaluate the proposed method using publicly available BRATS 2017 brain tumor segmentation challenge dataset...
2018: Proceedings of SPIE
Natsuki Hemmi, Yasuko Akiyama-Oda, Koichi Fujimoto, Hiroki Oda
One of the conserved traits of arthropod embryonic development is striped expression of homologs of Drosophila segment polarity genes, including hedgehog (hh). Although a diversity of stripe-forming processes is recognized among arthropod embryos, such varied stripe-forming processes have not been well characterized from cellular and quantitative perspectives. The spider Parasteatoda tepidariorum embryo, which has a hh-dependent mechanism of axis formation, offers a cell-based field where the stripes of Pt-hh (a hh homolog) expression dynamically develop in accordance with axis formation and growth, with the patterning processes varying among the regions of the field...
March 15, 2018: Developmental Biology
Dianne J Crellin, Denise Harrison, Nick Santamaria, Hamidul Huque, Franz E Babl
The Face, Legs, Activity, Cry and Consolability scale (FLACC) is one of the most commonly and widely used behavioural observation pain scales. The aim of this study was to test the psychometric and practical properties of the FLACC scale to quantify procedural pain in infants and young children. Twenty-six clinicians independently applied the FLACC scale to segments of video collected from 100 children aged six to 42 months undergoing a procedure. Video segments were scored by four reviewers. Inter- and intra-rater reliability coefficients were high (0...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
Angelique L W M M Rops, Erik Jansen, Alie van der Schaaf, Elmar Pieterse, Nils Rother, Julia Hofstra, Henry B P M Dijkman, Anne-Els van de Logt, Jack Wetzels, Johan van der Vlag, Annemiek B van Spriel
Immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy (IgAN), the most common glomerulonephritis worldwide, is characterized by IgA depositions in the kidney. Deficiency of CD37, a leukocyte-specific tetraspanin, leads to spontaneous development of renal pathology resembling IgAN. However, the underlying molecular mechanism has not been resolved. Here we found that CD37 expression on B cells of patients with IgAN was significantly decreased compared to B cells of healthy donors. Circulating interleukin (IL)-6 levels, but not tumor necrosis factor-α or IL-10, were elevated in Cd37-/- mice compared to wild-type mice after lipopolysaccharide treatment...
March 15, 2018: Kidney International
M G Frías-De-León, E Rosas-de Paz, R Arenas, C Atoche, E Duarte-Escalante, D Molina de Soschin, G Acosta-Altamirano, M R Reyes-Montes
OBJECTIVE: Aspergillus section Nigri comprises a group of related species that include Aspergillus niger, A. welwitschiae, A. carbonarius, A. brasiliensis and A. tubingensis. Some of these species are morphologically very similar to A. niger but exhibit different patterns of susceptibility to antifungal agents; such is the case for A. tubingensis. Therefore, when diagnosing aspergillosis, it is important to identify the pathogen at the species level. This study aimed to identify the species of an Aspergillus spp...
March 15, 2018: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
Trevor J Pemberton, Zachary A Szpiech
Genomic regions of autozygosity (ROAs) represent segments of individual genomes that are homozygous for haplotypes inherited identical-by-descent (IBD) from a common ancestor. ROAs are nonuniformly distributed across the genome, and increased ROA levels are a reported risk factor for numerous complex diseases. Previously, we hypothesized that long ROAs are enriched for deleterious homozygotes as a result of young haplotypes with recent deleterious mutations-relatively untouched by purifying selection-being paired IBD as a consequence of recent parental relatedness, a pattern supported by ROA and whole-exome sequence data on 27 individuals...
March 10, 2018: American Journal of Human Genetics
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