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Magnetization transfer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727209/a-dual-flip-angle-3d-bssfp-magnetization-transfer-like-method-to-differentiate-between-recent-and-old-myocardial-infarction
#1
Philippe Germain, Soraya El Ghannudi, Aissam Labani, Mi Y Jeung, Afshin Gangi, Patrick Ohlmann, Catherine Roy
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) tissue signal is modulated by magnetization transfer (MT) phenomena, intrinsically induced by balanced steady-state free precession (bSSFP) imaging. PURPOSE: To investigate the possible value of such a MT-like bSSFP approach in two clinical settings involving focal myocardial lesions highligthed by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE+): edema induced by recent myocardial infarction (MI) and fibrotic scar related to chronic infarction...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726937/novel-nanoparticles-with-cr-3-substituted-ferrite-for-self-regulating-temperature-hyperthermia
#2
Wei Zhang, Xudong Zuo, Ying Niu, Chengwei Wu, Shuping Wang, Shui Guan, S Ravi P Silva
For hyperthermia to be used under clinical conditions for cancer therapeutics the temperature regulation needs to be precise and accurately controllable. In the case of the metal nanoparticles used for such activities, a high coercivity is a prerequisite in order to couple more energy in a single heating cycle for efficient and faster differential heating. The chemically stable Co-Zn ferrite nanoparticles have typically not been used in such self-regulating hyperthermia temperature applications to date due to their low Curie temperature usually accompanied by a poor coercivity...
July 20, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726688/energy-efficient-and-fast-reversal-of-a-fixed-skyrmion-2-terminal-memory-with-spin-current-assisted-by-voltage-controlled-magnetic-anisotropy
#3
Dhritiman Bhattacharya, Md Mamun Al Rashid, Jayasimha Atulasimha
Recent work [1,2] suggests that ferromagnetic reversal with spin transfer torque (STT) requires more current in a system in the presence of DMI than switching a typical ferromagnet of the same dimensions and perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA). However, DMI promotes stabilization of skyrmions and we report that when the perpendicular anisotropy is modulated (reduced) for both the skyrmion and ferromagnet, it takes much smaller current to reverse the fixed skyrmion than to reverse the ferromagnet in the same time, or the skyrmion reverses much faster than the ferromagnet at similar levels of current...
July 20, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726383/marangoni-convection-assisted-single-molecule-detection-with-nanojet-surface-enhanced-raman-spectroscopy
#4
Te-Wei Chang, Xinhao Wang, Amirreza Mahigir, Georgios Veronis, Gang Logan Liu, Manas Ranjan Gartia
Many single-molecule (SM) label-free techniques such as scanning probe microscopies (SPM) and magnetic force spectroscopies (MFS) provide high resolution surface topography information, but lack chemical information. Typical surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) systems provide chemical information on the analytes, but lack spatial resolution. In addition, a challenge in SERS sensors is to bring analytes into the so-called "hot spots" (locations where the enhancement of electromagnetic field amplitude is larger than 10(3))...
July 20, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726131/detection-of-enzyme-activity-and-inhibition-during-studies-in-solution-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-with-catalycest-mri
#5
Sanhita Sinharay, Edward A Randtke, Christine M Howison, Natalia A Ignatenko, Mark D Pagel
PURPOSE: The detection of enzyme activities and evaluation of enzyme inhibitors have been challenging with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). To address this need, we have developed a diamagnetic, nonmetallic contrast agent and a protocol known as catalyCEST MRI that uses chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) to detect enzyme activity as well as enzyme inhibition. PROCEDURES: We synthesized a diamagnetic MRI contrast agent that has enzyme responsive and enzyme unresponsive CEST signals...
July 19, 2017: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724922/hd-66051-an-eclipsing-binary-hosting-a-highly-peculiar-hgmn-related-star
#6
Ewa Niemczura, Stefan Hümmerich, Fiorella Castelli, Ernst Paunzen, Klaus Bernhard, Franz-Josef Hambsch, Krzysztof Hełminiak
HD 66051 is an eclipsing system with an orbital period of about 4.75 d that exhibits out-of-eclipse variability with the same period. New multicolour photometric observations confirm the longevity of the secondary variations, which we interpret as a signature of surface inhomogeneities on one of the components. Using archival and newly acquired high-resolution spectra, we have performed a detailed abundance analysis. The primary component is a slowly rotating late B-type star (T eff = 12500 ± 200 K; log g = 4...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723279/magnetization-transfer-imaging-in-treatment-resistant-depression-structural-evidence-of-a-functional-derangement-that-might-help-guide-therapy
#7
Karen Buch, Bernardo Bizzo, Michael H Lev
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717799/interface-interactions-and-enhanced-room-temperature-ferromagnetism-of-ag-ceo2-nanostructures
#8
Shih-Yun Chen, Eric Tseng, Yi-Ta Lai, William Lee, Alexandre Gloter
Enhancement of room temperature ferromagnetism (RTFM) has been achieved with core-shell metal-oxide nanoparticles (Ag@CeO2). To enhance the magnetic properties, interfacial charge transfer is achieved via the formation of a core-shell interface. Furthermore, by varying the shell thicknesses, additional control of the RTFM can be obtained. The Ag@CeO2 core-shell nanoparticles are synthesized successfully via a two-step method. Ag nanoparticles (NPs) are first synthesized on a TiO2 substrate by a thermally assisted photoreduction method, and then CeO2 NPs are deposited on the surface of Ag NPs by chemical reduction...
July 18, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715606/enzymatic-mechanisms-of-biological-magnetic-sensitivity
#9
Ulyana G Letuta, Vitaly L Berdinskiy, Chikako Udagawa, Yoshifumi Tanimoto
Primary biological magnetoreceptors in living organisms is one of the main research problems in magnetobiology. Intracellular enzymatic reactions accompanied by electron transfer have been shown to be receptors of magnetic fields, and spin-dependent ion-radical processes can be a universal mechanism of biological magnetosensitivity. Magnetic interactions in intermediate ion-radical pairs, such as Zeeman and hyperfine (HFI) interactions, in accordance with proposed strict quantum mechanical theory, can determine magnetic-field dependencies of reactions that produce biologically important molecules needed for cell growth...
July 17, 2017: Bioelectromagnetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714513/in-vivo-evaluation-of-tumour-acidosis-for-assessing-the-early-metabolic-response-and-onset-of-resistance-to-dichloroacetate-by-using-magnetic-resonance-ph-imaging
#10
Annasofia Anemone, Lorena Consolino, Laura Conti, Francesca Reineri, Federica Cavallo, Silvio Aime, Dario Livio Longo
Dichloroacetate (DCA) can reverse the glycolytic phenotype that is responsible of increased lactate production and extracellular pH acidification in cancer cells. Magnetic resonance imaging-chemical exchange saturation transfer (MRI-CEST) pH mapping is a novel non-invasive imaging approach that can measure in vivo extracellular tumour pH. We examined whether MRI-CEST pH mapping can monitor in vivo changes in tumour acidosis for assessing treatment response to DCA. Cell viability and extracellular pH were assessed in TS/A breast cancer cells treated with 1-10 mM DCA for 24 h in normoxia or hypoxia (1% O2) conditions...
August 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714279/predicting-idh-mutation-status-in-grade-ii-gliomas-using-amide-proton-transfer-weighted-aptw-mri
#11
Shanshan Jiang, Tianyu Zou, Charles G Eberhart, Maria A V Villalobos, Hye-Young Heo, Yi Zhang, Yu Wang, Xianlong Wang, Hao Yu, Yongxing Du, Peter C M van Zijl, Zhibo Wen, Jinyuan Zhou
PURPOSE: To assess the amide proton transfer-weighted (APTw) MRI features of isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)-wildtype and IDH-mutant grade II gliomas and to test the hypothesis that the APTw signal is a surrogate imaging marker for identifying IDH mutation status preoperatively. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with pathologically confirmed low-grade glioma, who were previously scanned at 3T, were retrospectively analyzed. The Mann-Whitney test was used to evaluate relationships between APTw intensities for IDH-mutant and IDH-wildtype groups, and receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to assess the diagnostic performance of APTw...
July 16, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713843/probing-ultrafast-changes-of-spin-and-charge-density-profiles-with-resonant-xuv-magnetic-reflectivity-at-the-free-electron-laser-fermi
#12
C Gutt, T Sant, D Ksenzov, F Capotondi, E Pedersoli, L Raimondi, I P Nikolov, M Kiskinova, S Jaiswal, G Jakob, M Kläui, H Zabel, U Pietsch
We report the results of resonant magnetic XUV reflectivity experiments performed at the XUV free-electron laser FERMI. Circularly polarized XUV light with the photon energy tuned to the Fe M2,3 edge is used to measure resonant magnetic reflectivities and the corresponding Q-resolved asymmetry of a Permalloy/Ta/Permalloy trilayer film. The asymmetry exhibits ultrafast changes on 240 fs time scales upon pumping with ultrashort IR laser pulses. Depending on the value of the wavevector transfer Qz , we observe both decreasing and increasing values of the asymmetry parameter, which is attributed to ultrafast changes in the vertical spin and charge density profiles of the trilayer film...
September 2017: Structural Dynamics (Melville, N.Y.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709641/glucocest-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in%C3%A2-vivo-may-be-diagnostic-of-acute-renal-allograft-rejection
#13
Dominik Kentrup, Philipp Bovenkamp, Annika Busch, Katharina Schuette-Nuetgen, Helga Pawelski, Hermann Pavenstädt, Eberhard Schlatter, Karl-Heinz Herrmann, Jürgen R Reichenbach, Bettina Löffler, Barbara Heitplatz, Veerle Van Marck, Nirbhay N Yadav, Guanshu Liu, Peter C M van Zijl, Stefan Reuter, Verena Hoerr
Acute cellular renal allograft rejection (AR) frequently occurs after kidney transplantations. It is a sterile T-cell mediated inflammation leading to increased local glucose metabolism. Here we demonstrate in an allogeneic model of Brown Norway rat kidneys transplanted into uninephrectomized Lewis rats the successful implementation of the recently developed glucose chemical exchange saturation transfer (glucoCEST) magnetic resonance imaging. This technique is a novel method to assess and differentiate AR...
July 11, 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708840/index-extraction-for-electromagnetic-field-evaluation-of-high-power-wireless-charging-system
#14
SangWook Park
This paper presents the precise dosimetry for highly resonant wireless power transfer (HR-WPT) system using an anatomically realistic human voxel model. The dosimetry for the HR-WPT system designed to operate at 13.56 MHz frequency, which one of the ISM band frequency band, is conducted in the various distances between the human model and the system, and in the condition of alignment and misalignment between transmitting and receiving circuits. The specific absorption rates in the human body are computed by the two-step approach; in the first step, the field generated by the HR-WPT system is calculated and in the second step the specific absorption rates are computed with the scattered field finite-difference time-domain method regarding the fields obtained in the first step as the incident fields...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708734/t2-correction-in-dynamic-contrast-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-glioblastoma-from-a-half-dose-of-high-relaxivity-contrast-agent
#15
Silvano Filice, Girolamo Crisi, Gunter Erb
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the arterial input function (AIF) and tissue enhancement time curve (tissue function [TF]) obtained after the administration of a half-dose gadobenate dimeglumine (0.05-mmol/kg body weight [bw]) compared with a full dose (0.1-mmol/kg bw) of a standard-relaxivity contrast agent. METHODS: We enrolled 40 adult patients with glioblastoma in an interindividual comparative study. Patients were randomized to 1 of the 2 study arms: 20 patients received 0...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708728/differentiating-primary-central-nervous-system-lymphomas-from-glioblastomas-and-inflammatory-demyelinating-pseudotumor-using-relative-minimum-apparent-diffusion-coefficients
#16
Jian-Bo Wen, Wei-Yuan Huang, Wei-Xing-Zi Xu, Gang Wu, Dao-Ying Geng, Bo Yin
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of diffusion-weighted imaging, the relative minimum apparent diffusion coefficient (rADCmin) in differentiating primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSLs) from glioblastomas (GBMs) and inflammatory demyelinating pseudotumors (IDPs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Magnetic resonance images were reviewed retrospectively in 82 patients including 39 PCNSLs, 35 GBMs, and 8 IDPs. Regions of interest were drawn around the tumor on contrast-enhanced axial images; these images were transferred onto coregistered ADC maps to obtain the ADCmin, and the normalized ADCmin ratios (rADCmin) were calculated using the formula rADCmin = ADCmin of the lesion / ADCmin of the normal white matter...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706231/multiple-ligand-bound-states-of-a-phosphohexomutase-revealed-by-principal-component-analysis-of-nmr-peak-shifts
#17
Jia Xu, Akella V S Sarma, Yirui Wei, Lesa J Beamer, Steven R Van Doren
Enzymes sample multiple conformations during their catalytic cycles. Chemical shifts from Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) are hypersensitive to conformational changes and ensembles in solution. Phosphomannomutase/phosphoglucomutase (PMM/PGM) is a ubiquitous four-domain enzyme that catalyzes phosphoryl transfer across phosphohexose substrates. We compared states the enzyme visits during its catalytic cycle. Collective responses of Pseudomonas PMM/PGM to phosphosugar substrates and inhibitor were assessed using NMR-detected titrations...
July 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704960/fabrication-of-flexible-arrayed-lactate-biosensor-based-on-immobilizing-ldh-nad%C3%A2-%C2%BA-on-nio-film-modified-by-go-and-mbs
#18
Jung-Chuan Chou, Siao-Jie Yan, Yi-Hung Liao, Chih-Hsien Lai, You-Xiang Wu, Cian-Yi Wu, Hsiang-Yi Chen, Hong-Yu Huang, Tong-Yu Wu
We proposed the flexible arrayed lactate biosensor based on immobilizing l-lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide ( NAD + ) on nickel oxide (NiO) film, and which the average sensitivity could be enhanced by using graphene oxide (GO) and magnetic beads (MBs). By using GO and MBs, it exhibits excellent sensitivity (45.397 mV/mM) with a linearity of 0.992 in a range of 0.2 mM to 3 mM. According to the results of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), the electron transfer resistance of LDH- NAD + -MBs/GPTS/GO/NiO film was smaller than those of LDH-NAD⁺/GPTS/GO/NiO film and LDH- NAD + /GPTS/NiO film, and it presented the outstanding electron transfer ability...
July 12, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704644/amide-proton-transfer-weighted-magnetic-resonance-image-guided-stereotactic-biopsy-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-gliomas
#19
Shanshan Jiang, Charles G Eberhart, Yi Zhang, Hye-Young Heo, Zhibo Wen, Lindsay Blair, Huamin Qin, Michael Lim, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa, Jon D Weingart, Peter B Barker, Martin G Pomper, John Laterra, Peter C M van Zijl, Jaishri O Blakeley, Jinyuan Zhou
PURPOSE: Pathological assessment using World Health Organization (WHO) criteria is the gold standard for diagnosis of gliomas. However, the accuracy of diagnosis is limited by tissue sampling, particularly for infiltrating, heterogeneous tumours. We assessed the accuracy of amide proton transfer-weighted (APTw) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided tissue sampling to identify regions of high-grade glioma via radiographic-histopathologic correlation in patients with newly suspected glioma...
July 10, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702635/the-mechanism-of-nanoparticle-mediated-enhanced-energy-transfer-during-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-sonication
#20
Chandan Bera, Surendra B Devarakonda, Vishal Kumar, Ashok K Ganguli, Rupak K Banerjee
In this combined experimental and theoretical research, magnetic nano-particle (mNP) mediated energy transfer due to high intensity-focused ultrasound (HIFU) sonication has been evaluated. HIFU sonications have been performed on phantoms containing three different volume percentages (0%, 0.0047%, and 0.047%) of mNPs embedded in a tissue mimicking material (TMM). A theoretical model has been developed to calculate the temperature rise in the phantoms during HIFU sonication. It is observed from theoretical calculation that the phonon layer at the interface of the mNPs and TMM dominates the attenuation for higher (0...
July 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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