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Exercise induced immune suppression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713319/debunking-the-myth-of-exercise-induced-immune-suppression-redefining-the-impact-of-exercise-on-immunological-health-across-the-lifespan
#1
REVIEW
John P Campbell, James E Turner
Epidemiological evidence indicates that regular physical activity and/or frequent structured exercise reduces the incidence of many chronic diseases in older age, including communicable diseases such as viral and bacterial infections, as well as non-communicable diseases such as cancer and chronic inflammatory disorders. Despite the apparent health benefits achieved by leading an active lifestyle, which imply that regular physical activity and frequent exercise enhance immune competency and regulation, the effect of a single bout of exercise on immune function remains a controversial topic...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452585/beta-2-adrenergic-receptors-increase-treg-cell-suppression-in-an-ova-induced-allergic-asthma-mouse-model-when-mice-are-moderate-aerobically-exercised
#2
Kari J Dugger, Taylor Chrisman, Sarah L Sayner, Parker Chastain, Kacie Watson, Robert Estes
BACKGROUND: The potency of T regulatory (TREG) cells to inhibit T helper (Th)-driven immune cell responses has been linked to increased intracellular cyclic-AMP (cAMP) levels of TREG cells. In an ovalbumin (OVA)-driven allergic asthma mouse model, moderate aerobic exercise increases TREG cell function in a contact-dependent manner that leads to a significant reduction in chronic inflammation and restoration of lung function. However, the mechanism, whereby exercise increases TREG function, remains unknown and was the focus of these investigations...
February 17, 2018: BMC Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231614/-effects-of-preventative-moxibustion-on-ampk-and-mtor-in-myocardial-tissue-in-rats-with-exhaustive-exercise
#3
Haoran Zhang, Hongru Zhang, Shengfeng Lu, Hua Bai, Yihuang Gu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of preventative moxibustion on adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in myocardial tissue in rats with exhaustive exercise, and to explore the action mechanism of preventative moxibustion for myocardial injury by exhaustive exercise. METHODS: Eighteen SD male rats were randomly divided into a blank group, an exhaustive exercise group and a moxibustion group, 6 rats in each one...
May 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031957/exercise-training-attenuates-experimental-autoimmune-encephalomyelitis-by-peripheral-immunomodulation-rather-than-direct-neuroprotection
#4
Ofira Einstein, Nina Fainstein, Olga Touloumi, Roza Lagoudaki, Ester Hanya, Nikolaos Grigoriadis, Abram Katz, Tamir Ben-Hur
BACKGROUND: Conflicting results exist on the effects of exercise training (ET) on Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis (EAE), nor is it known how exercise impacts on disease progression. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether ET ameliorates the development of EAE by modulating the systemic immune system or exerting direct neuroprotective effects on the CNS. METHODS: Healthy mice were subjected to 6weeks of motorized treadmill running. The Proteolipid protein (PLP)-induced transfer EAE model in mice was utilized...
January 2018: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640248/voluntary-distance-running-prevents-tnf-mediated-liver-injury-in-mice-through-alterations-of-the-intrahepatic-immune-milieu
#5
Yvonne Huber, Nadine Gehrke, Jana Biedenbach, Susanne Helmig, Perikles Simon, Beate K Straub, Ina Bergheim, Tobias Huber, Detlef Schuppan, Peter R Galle, Marcus A Wörns, Marcus Schuchmann, Jörn M Schattenberg
Physical activity confers a broad spectrum of health benefits. Beyond the obvious role in metabolically driven diseases, the role of physical activity in acute liver injury is poorly explored. To study the role of physical activity in acute liver injury, a novel model of voluntary distance running in mice was developed and mice were subjected to acute liver injury induced by N-galactosamine (GalN) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Analyses included histological stains, immunoblotting, qRT-PCR and FACS analysis...
June 22, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614774/new-insight-into-the-direct-anti-inflammatory-activity-of-a-myokine-irisin-against-proinflammatory-activation-of-adipocytes-implication-for-exercise-in-obesity
#6
A I Mazur-Bialy, J Bilski, E Pochec, T Brzozowski
A biological activity of myokine irisin, has been intensively investigated in the context of a browning process occurring in white adipose tissue, but its role as a modulator of immune response has been little studied. The aim of our study was to determine the impact of irisin (0 - 100 nM) on pro-inflammatory activation of adipocyte 3T3 L1 cell line. Irisin reduced in a concentration-dependent manner the expression and activity of major proinflammatory cytokines, e.g. tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) expression and their secretion into cell medium...
April 2017: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385921/the-effects-of-physical-exercise-on-non-motor-symptoms-and-on-neuroimmune-rage-network-in-experimental-parkinsonism
#7
Sofia D Viana, Inês R Pita, Cristina Lemos, Daniel Rial, Patrícia Couceiro, Paulo Rodrigues-Santos, Francisco Caramelo, Félix Carvalho, Syed F Ali, Rui D Prediger, Carlos A Fontes Ribeiro, Frederico C Pereira
Parkinson's disease (PD) prodromic stages comprise neuropsychiatric perturbations that critically compromise patient's quality of life. These non-motor symptoms (NMS) are associated with exacerbated innate immunity, a hallmark of overt PD. Physical exercise (PE) has the potential to improve neuropsychiatric deficits and to modulate immune network including receptors for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE) and Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in distinct pathological settings. Accordingly, the present study aimed to test the hypothesis that PE i) alleviates PD NMS and ii) modulates neuroimmune RAGE-network in experimental PD...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368329/vitamin-a-oral-supplementation-induces-oxidative-stress-and-suppresses-il-10-and-hsp70-in-skeletal-muscle-of-trained-rats
#8
Lyvia Lintzmaier Petiz, Carolina Saibro Girardi, Rafael Calixto Bortolin, Alice Kunzler, Juciano Gasparotto, Thallita Kelly Rabelo, Cristiane Matté, José Claudio Fonseca Moreira, Daniel Pens Gelain
Exercise training intensity is the major variant that influences the relationship between exercise, redox balance, and immune response. Supplement intake is a common practice for oxidative stress prevention; the effects of vitamin A (VA) on exercise training are not yet described, even though this molecule exhibits antioxidant properties. We investigated the role of VA supplementation on redox and immune responses of adult Wistar rats subjected to swimming training. Animals were divided into four groups: sedentary, sedentary + VA, exercise training, and exercise training + VA...
April 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326005/bioactivity-of-food-peptides-biological-response-of-rats-to-bovine-milk-whey-peptides-following-acute-exercise
#9
Carolina Soares Moura, Pablo Christiano Barboza Lollo, Priscila Neder Morato, Eder Muller Risso, Jaime Amaya-Farfan
Background: Several physiologically beneficial effects of consuming a whey protein hydrolysate (WPH) have been attributed to the greater availability of bioactive peptides. Aims: The aim was to investigate the effect of four branched-chain amino acid- (BCAA-)containing dipeptides, present in WPH, on immune modulation, stimulation of HSP expression, muscle protein synthesis, glycogen content, satiety signals and the impact of these peptides on the plasma free amino acid profiles. Methods: The animals were divided in groups: control (rest, without gavage), vehicle (water), L-isoleucyl-L-leucine (lle-Leu), L-leucyl-L-isoleucine (Leu-lle), L-valyl-Lleucine (Val-Leu), L-leucyl-L-valine (Leu-Val) and WPH...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303736/the-protective-effect-of-the-vacha-rhizome-extract-on-chronic-stress-induced-immunodeficiency-in-rat
#10
H N Sarjan, S Divyashree, H N Yajurvedi
CONTEXT: Chronic stress is an inevitable factor in the modern day society which affects cell mediated as well as humoral immunity. There is a need to prevent stress effects with traditionally used herbs. OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken to investigate the immunoprotective effect of Vacha (Acorus calamus L. Acoraceae) rhizome under stressful condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Soxlet extraction of Vacha rhizome was performed with increasing polarity of solvents, i...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886064/probiotic-supplements-beneficially-affect-tryptophan-kynurenine-metabolism-and-reduce-the-incidence-of-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-in-trained-athletes-a-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-trial
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Barbara Strasser, Daniela Geiger, Markus Schauer, Johanna M Gostner, Hannes Gatterer, Martin Burtscher, Dietmar Fuchs
BACKGROUND: Prolonged intense exercise has been associated with transient suppression of immune function and an increased risk of infections. In this context, the catabolism of amino acid tryptophan via kynurenine may play an important role. The present study examined the effect of a probiotic supplement on the incidence of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) and the metabolism of aromatic amino acids after exhaustive aerobic exercise in trained athletes during three months of winter training...
November 23, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522585/pro-and-anti-inflammatory-cytokine-responses-to-a-164-km-road-cycle-ride-in-a-hot-environment
#12
Hui-Ying Luk, Danielle E Levitt, Elaine C Lee, Matthew S Ganio, Brendon P McDermott, Brian R Kupchak, Brian K McFarlin, David W Hill, Lawrence E Armstrong, Jakob L Vingren
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the circulating cytokine response to a recreational 164-km road cycling event in a high ambient temperature and to determine if this response was affected by self-paced exercise time to completion. METHODS: Thirty-five men and five women were divided into tertiles based on time to complete the cycling event: slowest (SLOW), moderate (MOD), and fastest (FAST) finishers. Plasma samples were obtained 1-2 h before (PRE) and immediately after (IP) the event...
October 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27103377/acute-bouts-of-exercise-induce-a-suppressive-effect-on-lymphocyte-proliferation-in-human-subjects-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Jacob A Siedlik, Stephen H Benedict, Evan J Landes, Joseph P Weir, John P Vardiman, Philip M Gallagher
OBJECTIVE: Lymphocyte proliferative responses are commonly used to assess immune function in clinical settings, yet it is unclear how proliferative capacity is altered by exercise. This analysis aims to quantitatively assess the proliferative response of lymphocytes following an acute bout of exercise. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for articles containing the keywords "exercise" OR "acute" OR "aerobic" OR "resistance training" OR "immune function" AND "proliferation" AND "lymphocyte...
August 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26867141/endurance-exercise-improves-molecular-pathways-of-aerobic-metabolism-in-patients-with-myositis
#14
Li Alemo Munters, Ingela Loell, Elena Ossipova, Joan Raouf, Maryam Dastmalchi, Eva Lindroos, Yi-Wen Chen, Mona Esbjörnsson, Marina Korotkova, Helene Alexanderson, Kanneboyina Nagaraju, Leslie J Crofford, Per-Johan Jakobsson, Ingrid E Lundberg
OBJECTIVE: Endurance exercise demonstrates beneficial effects in polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM); however, the molecular effects of exercise on skeletal muscle are incompletely understood. We undertook this controlled pilot study to investigate the effects of a 12-week endurance exercise training program on the molecular profile of skeletal muscle in patients with established PM/DM compared to a nonexercised control group of patients with established PM/DM. METHODS: Fifteen patients (7 in the exercise group and 8 in the control group) with paired baseline and 12-week follow-up muscle biopsy samples were included...
July 2016: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26356264/regular-exercise-enhances-the-immune-response-against-microbial-antigens-through-up-regulation-of-toll-like-receptor-signaling-pathways
#15
Qishi Zheng, Guangying Cui, Jianing Chen, Hainv Gao, Yingfeng Wei, Toshimitsu Uede, Zhi Chen, Hongyan Diao
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Regular physical exercise can enhance resistance to many microbial infections. However, little is known about the mechanism underlying the changes in the immune system induced by regular exercise. METHODS: We recruited members of a university badminton club as the regular exercise (RE) group and healthy sedentary students as the sedentary control (SC) group. We investigated the distribution of peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) subsets and functions in the two groups...
2015: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26341995/exercise-training-attenuates-neutrophil-infiltration-and%C3%A2-elastase-expression-in-adipose-tissue-of-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-mice
#16
Noriaki Kawanishi, Hiroyuki Niihara, Tsubasa Mizokami, Koichi Yada, Katsuhiko Suzuki
The innate immune system is associated with the development of local inflammation. Neutrophils play an essential role in the development of the adipose tissue (AT) inflammation associated with obesity by producing elastase, which can promote the activation and infiltration of macrophages. Exercise training attenuates AT inflammation via suppression of macrophage infiltration. However, the mechanisms driving this phenomenon remains to be elucidated. Here, we evaluated the effects of exercise training on the infiltration of neutrophils and elastase expression in an obese mouse model...
September 2015: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26151770/exercise-suppresses-cox-2-pro-inflammatory-pathway-in-vestibular-migraine
#17
Yi-Yen Lee, Yi-Ping Yang, Pin-I Huang, Wen-Cheng Li, Ming-Chao Huang, Chung-Lan Kao, Yann-Jang Chen, Ming-Teh Chen
Migraine and dizziness are relatively common disorders. Patients with dizziness have a higher incidence of migraines than the general population. The discomfort experienced by these patients is often poorly controlled by medication. However, the pathophysiology of vestibular migraine (VM) remains unclear. We hypothesized that patients with VM would experience remission from symptoms after exercise training and that this effect may be mediated through the suppression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)-mediated inflammation...
July 2015: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25691103/effect-of-orally-administered-soy-milk-fermented-with-lactobacillus-plantarum-lab12-and-physical-exercise-on-murine-immune-responses
#18
M Appukutty, K Ramasamy, S Rajan, S Vellasamy, R Ramasamy, A K Radhakrishnan
Probiotics are live microorganisms that confer health benefits through the gastrointestinal microbiota. This nutritional supplement may benefit athletes who undergo rigorous training by maintaining their gastrointestinal functions and overall health. In this study the influence of moderate physical exercise using a graded treadmill exercise, alone or in combination with the consumption of a soy product fermented with Lactobacillus plantarum LAB12 (LAB12), on tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) responses was investigated in a murine model...
2015: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25686106/the-ketone-metabolite-%C3%AE-hydroxybutyrate-blocks-nlrp3-inflammasome-mediated-inflammatory-disease
#19
Yun-Hee Youm, Kim Y Nguyen, Ryan W Grant, Emily L Goldberg, Monica Bodogai, Dongin Kim, Dominic D'Agostino, Noah Planavsky, Christopher Lupfer, Thirumala D Kanneganti, Seokwon Kang, Tamas L Horvath, Tarek M Fahmy, Peter A Crawford, Arya Biragyn, Emad Alnemri, Vishwa Deep Dixit
The ketone bodies β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) and acetoacetate (AcAc) support mammalian survival during states of energy deficit by serving as alternative sources of ATP. BHB levels are elevated by starvation, caloric restriction, high-intensity exercise, or the low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet. Prolonged fasting reduces inflammation; however, the impact that ketones and other alternative metabolic fuels produced during energy deficits have on the innate immune response is unknown. We report that BHB, but neither AcAc nor the structurally related short-chain fatty acids butyrate and acetate, suppresses activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome in response to urate crystals, ATP and lipotoxic fatty acids...
March 2015: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25511621/beneficial-metabolic-activities-of-inflammatory-cytokine-interleukin-15-in-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes
#20
Jianping Ye
In obesity, chronic inflammation is believed to induce insulin resistance and impairs adipose tissue function. Although this view is supported by a large body of literature, it has been challenged by growing evidence that pro-inflammatory cytokines may favor insulin sensitivity through induction of energy expenditure. In this review article, interleukin 15 (IL-15) is used as a new example to explain the beneficial effects of the proinflammatory cytokines. IL-15 is secreted by multiple types of cells including macrophages, neutrophils and skeletal muscle cells...
June 2015: Frontiers of Medicine
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