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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921015/pediatric-olecranon-fractures-associated-with-radial-neck-fractures-review-and-report-of-two-cases
#1
Kemal Gokkus, Ozkan Kose, Murat Saylik, Ergin Sagtas, Ahmet Turan Aydin
INTRODUCTION: The debate regarding the description on classification and nomenclature of the injury which includes olecranon fracture associated with radial neck fractures in children is ongoing. We report two pediatric cases that could not be classified in a Monteggia-equivalents system and were treated with open reduction and k-wire fixation. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review regarding pediatric radial neck fractures associated with olecranon fractures and presentation of two pediatric cases of olecranon fractures associated with radial neck fractures with radiocapitellar dislocation...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919058/lifting-and-exertion-injuries-decrease-after-implementation-of-an-integrated-hospital-wide-safe-patient-handling-and-mobilisation-programme
#2
Jack T Dennerlein, Elizabeth Tucker O'Day, Deborah F Mulloy, Jackie Somerville, Anne M Stoddard, Christopher Kenwood, Erin Teeple, Leslie I Boden, Glorian Sorensen, Dean Hashimoto
OBJECTIVE: With increasing emphasis on early and frequent mobilisation of patients in acute care, safe patient handling and mobilisation practices need to be integrated into these quality initiatives. We completed a programme evaluation of a safe patient handling and mobilisation programme within the context of a hospital-wide patient care improvement initiative that utilised a systems approach and integrated safe patient equipment and practices into patient care plans. METHODS: Baseline and 12-month follow-up surveys of 1832 direct patient care workers assessed work practices and self-reported pain while an integrated employee payroll and injury database provided recordable injury rates collected concurrently at 2 hospitals: the study hospital with the programme and a comparison hospital...
October 25, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916016/penetrating-neck-trauma-and-the-need-for-surgical-exploration-six-year-experience-within-a-regional-trauma-centre
#3
A V Kasbekar, E J Combellack, S G Derbyshire, A C Swift
BACKGROUND: There has been a shift towards conservative management of penetrating neck trauma in selected patients. METHODS: A retrospective case note review of the management of penetrating neck trauma (2007-2013) was undertaken at our large teaching hospital and compared against best-evidenced practice. RESULTS: Sixty-three patients were admitted over six years. The incidence of penetrating neck trauma is reducing, contrary to our belief...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913924/shear-wave-elastography-reveals-different-degrees-of-passive-and-active-stiffness-of-the-neck-extensor-muscles
#4
Angela V Dieterich, Ricardo J Andrade, Guillaume Le Sant, Deborah Falla, Frank Petzke, François Hug, Antoine Nordez
PURPOSE: The neck extensor muscles contribute to spinal support and posture while performing head and neck motion. Muscle stiffness relates to passive elasticity (support) and active tensioning (posture and movement) of muscle. It was hypothesized that support and motion requirements are reflected in the distribution of stiffness between superficial and deep neck extensor muscles. METHODS: In ten healthy participants, shear modulus (stiffness) of five neck extensor muscles was determined in prone at rest and during isometric head lift at three intensities using shear wave elastography...
December 2, 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907236/suicide-by-intentional-air-embolism
#5
Gábor Simon, Evelin Rácz, Mátyás Mayer, Veronika Heckmann, Dénes Tóth, Zsolt Kozma
Venous air embolism occurs when air enters the venous system. The main causes of venous air embolism include medical procedures, neck and head trauma, and injuries of the genitals. Self-induced suicidal (and intentional) air embolism is extremely rare. The authors report a rare case of a suicidal air embolism committed using a self-made tool composed of a plastic bottle and an infusion set, injecting nearly 2000 mL of air into the cubital vein. The toxicological analysis suggested that midazolam, together with air, was also injected into the circulation using the same bottle and infusion set...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906854/a-bullet-lying-next-to-the-common-carotid-artery-in-the-neck-of-a-young-boy
#6
Gülpembe Bozkurt, Meltem Esen Akpinar, Özlem Ünsal, Berna Uslu Coşkun
Penetrating neck trauma is most commonly caused by firearm discharge, and is potentially very dangerous, being associated with a high risk of mortality. A 12-year-old patient with a recent history of a gunshot wound to the neck was evaluated in detail; a bullet was located in close proximity to the left common carotid artery. Neck exploration was performed and the foreign body was removed without any complications. The management of the patient is discussed, as are contemporary approaches to the treatment of penetrating neck trauma...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906848/calculation-of-an-optic-nerve-injury-risk-profile-before-sphenoid-sinus-surgery
#7
Erdem Atalay Cetinkaya, Koray Koc, Mehmet Fatih Kucuk, Pinar Koc, Nuray Bayar Muluk, Cemal Cingi
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to analyze variations in the optic nerve (ON) course and surrounding structures in an effort to construct an optic nerve injury risk profile before endoscopic intranasal sphenoidal, or endoscopic endonasal transphenoidal, skull-base surgery, and eventually to construct and formulate a common classification by combining the known classes. The authors used computed tomography (CT) toward this end. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed 200 consecutive CT scans (400 sides) of the paranasal sinuses...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906742/is-preexisting-cervical-disk-degeneration-a-prognostic-factor-in-whiplash-associated-disorders
#8
Nam-Su Chung, Chang-Hoon Jeon, Yu-Sang Lee, Jang-Ho Park, Han-Dong Lee
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective control study. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether preexisting cervical disk degeneration is a prognostic factor in Whiplash-associated disorder (WAD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: WAD is a common injury of traffic accident and has a broad range of prognoses. Although numerous studies have investigated prognostic factors in WAD, few have evaluated the effect of preexisting disk degeneration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study involved 45 consecutive patients with grade I or II WAD having advanced disk degeneration (at least 1 disk of Miyazaki grade≥III on magnetic resonance imaging) and a control cohort of 52 patients with no or mild disk degeneration (all disks having Miyazaki grades≤II)...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906643/sports-and-recreation-related-injury-episodes-in-the-united-states-2011-2014
#9
Yahtyng Sheu, Li-Hui Chen, Holly Hedegaard
Objective-Much of the research on sports- and recreation-related injuries focuses on a specific population, activity, or type of injury, and national estimates of the total burden of sports- and recreation-related injuries are limited. This study provides national estimates of the injury burden and examines the distribution of sports- and recreation-related injuries across demographic groups, activities, and injury circumstances. Methods-Information on medically attended injury episodes for persons aged 5 years and over were obtained from the 2011-2014 National Health Interview Survey...
November 2016: National Health Statistics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905366/-experience-of-transaxillary-endoscopic-thyroid-surgery
#10
V K Lyadov, M V Neklyudova, D R Pashaeva
AIM: To compare the outcomes after open and endoscopic interventions on thyroid gland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have retrospectively analyzed 158 interventions on thyroid gland for the period March 2014 - January 2016. Herewith, 21 interventions were performed endoscopically with transaxillary removal of specimen. RESULTS: The study was designed in 2 groups - main (endoscopic surgery) and control (open surgery). There were 2 complications in the main group: intraoperative injury of cricoid cartilage by harmonic scalpel and unilateral subcutaneous emphysema of the neck and face...
2016: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904721/usefulness-of-k-point-injection-for-the-nonspecific-neck-pain-in-so-called-k-point-syndrome
#11
Jeong Jae Moon, Myun Whan Ahn, Hyo Sae Ahn, Sung Jun Lee, Dong Yeol Lee
BACKGROUND: Shoichi Kokubun introduced his successful experience with local anesthetic injection at the occipital insertion of the sternocleidomastoid muscle in K-point syndrome. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the short-term and long-term effectiveness of K-point injection and investigate factors affecting treatment results. METHODS: K-point injection was performed in 58 patients with K-point syndrome at Yeungnam University Medical Center. The syndrome was associated with cervical whiplash injury in 10 patients and was of nonspecific origin in the rest...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904004/delayed-diagnosis-of-blunt-carotid-trauma-in-a-seat-belt-syndrome-with-associated-abdominal-wall-injury-a-case-report
#12
Savino Occhionorelli, Dario Andreotti, Daniela Tartarini, Lorenzo Cappellari, Rocco Stano, Lucia Morganti, Giorgio Vasquez
: The aim of this case report is to be aware of occult carotid lesions in thoracic- abdominal trauma because, carotid artery injury consequent to blunt trauma is rare, affecting less than 1% of patients as reported in literature. A 45-years-old female, involved in a traffic accident, arrived to Emergency Room hemodynamically stable, with a Glasgow Coma Scale of 15, complaining abdominal pain, without any neurological signs. She underwent Computed Tomography (CT) scan that showed a complete disruption of left abdominal wall muscles, associated with massive bowel loops herniation...
November 28, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902596/portable-disposable-ultrathin-endoscopy-tested-through-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy
#13
Myong Ki Baeg, Chul-Hyun Lim, Jin Su Kim, Yu Kyung Cho, Jae Myung Park, Bo-In Lee, In-Seok Lee, Myung-Gyu Choi
BACKGROUND: A portable disposable ultrathin endoscope (DUE) with high visual quality and maneuverability would reduce the need for expensive facilities and emergency endoscopy could be available anywhere. It would increase patient satisfaction, prevent unnecessary sedation, and reduce infection. Our aim was to evaluate the usefulness of portable DUE in performing percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG). METHODS: We prospectively enrolled patients who underwent PEG under DUE guidance and compared them with historical controls who underwent PEG under conventional ultrathin endoscopy (CUE) guidance...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899209/with-the-noose-around-the-neck-marine-debris-entangling-otariid-species
#14
Valentina Franco-Trecu, Massimiliano Drago, Helena Katz, Emanuel Machín, Yamandú Marín
Plastic debris in marine environments and its impact on wildlife species is becoming a problem of increasing concern. In pinnipeds, entanglements commonly consist of loops around the neck of non-biodegradable materials from fishing gear or commercial packaging, known as "neck collars". These entanglements can cause injuries, death by suffocation and starvation, and therefore they may add to the overall decrease in population. Our objective was to describe the entanglement of two species of otariids (Arctocephalus australis and Otaria flavescens) in the South West Atlantic Ocean...
January 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899112/a-comparison-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-associated-physical-injuries-between-cohabitating-and-married-women-a-5-year-medical-chart-review
#15
Janet Yuen-Ha Wong, Anna Wai-Man Choi, Daniel Yee-Tak Fong, Edmond Pui Hang Choi, John Kit-Shing Wong, Fung Ling So, Chu-Leung Lau, Chak-Wah Kam
BACKGROUND: Cohabitation, referring to a co-residential romantic relationship between two intimate partners without a marriage license, has become widely accepted in contemporary societies. It has been found that cohabitating women have a higher risk of experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) than married women. However, as yet, no studies have investigated the level and pattern of IPV-associated physical injuries and its mental health impact on cohabitating women. Therefore, we aim to compare IPV-associated physical injuries between cohabitating and married women by conducting a review of 5-year medical records from the emergency departments of two major public hospitals in Hong Kong...
November 29, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892880/mri-cross-sectional-atlas-of-normal-canine-cervical-musculoskeletal-structure
#16
M Alizadeh, C Zindl, M J Allen, G G Knapik, N Fitzpatrick, W S Marras
Although magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been increasingly used as a diagnostic tool for cervical spine injuries in canines, a comprehensive normal MRI anatomy of the canine cervical spine muscles is lacking. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to build a magnetic resonance imaging atlas of the normal cross sectional anatomy of the muscles of the canine cervical spine. MRI scans were performed on a canine cadaver using a combination of T1 and T2-weighted images in the transverse, sagittal and dorsal planes acquired at a slice thickness of 1mm...
September 30, 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891275/tortuous-carotid-artery-extended-to-neck-level-iib-mimicking-the-metastatic-mass
#17
Lokman Uzun, Oğuz Kadir Eğilmez, M Tayyar Kalcioglu, Muhammet Tekin
Specifically in neck level IIb, the expected normal anatomy does not contain any vital structures and consequently it might direct a surgeon to perform rapid surgical dissection of tissues. Therefore aberrant anatomy of the vessels in the patients may be overlooked during neck dissection. Unexpected and potentially devastating injuries can be avoided by respecting the possible aberrant anatomy in any level of the neck. In this case report, a 74-year-old man was presented with laryngeal carcinoma who was treated with laryngectomy and bilateral neck dissection...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889119/determining-suitable-dimensions-for-dairy-goat-feeding-places-by-evaluating-body-posture-and-feeding-reach
#18
Nina M Keil, Marc Pommereau, Antonia Patt, Beat Wechsler, Lorenz Gygax
Confined goats spend a substantial part of the day feeding. A poorly designed feeding place increases the risk of feeding in nonphysiological body postures, and even injury. Scientifically validated information on suitable dimensions of feeding places for loose-housed goats is almost absent from the literature. The aim of the present study was, therefore, to determine feeding place dimensions that would allow goats to feed in a species-appropriate, relaxed body posture. A total of 27 goats with a height at the withers of 62 to 80 cm were included in the study...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886885/classification-and-management-of-pediatric-subaxial-cervical-spine-injuries
#19
REVIEW
Casey J Madura, James M Johnston
Appropriate management of subaxial spine injury in children requires an appreciation for the differences in anatomy, biomechanics, injury patterns, and treatment options compared with adult patients. Increased flexibility, weak neck muscles, and cranial disproportion predispose younger children to upper cervical injuries and spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality. A majority of subaxial cervical spine injuries can be treated nonoperatively. Surgical instrumentation options for children have significantly increased in recent years...
January 2017: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884321/the-role-of-computed-tomography-after-emergent-trauma-operation
#20
Kazuhide Matsushima, Kenji Inaba, Ryan Dollbaum, Desmond Khor, Vidhi Jhaveri, Omar Jimenez, Aaron Strumwasser, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: Although computed tomography (CT) has become the preferred diagnostic modality, immediate surgical intervention is often required for severely injured patients with minimum preoperative radiographic evaluation. The utility of postoperative CT (postop-CT) for the identification of undiagnosed injuries and its impact on patient management remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of postop-CT for the identification of clinically significant injuries in patients who underwent an emergent life-saving procedure...
December 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
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