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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785922/karyotype-evolution-of-chagas-disease-vectors-hemiptera-triatominae
#1
Kaio Cesar Chaboli Alevi, Jader de Oliveira, João Aristeu da Rosa, Maria Tercília Vilela de Azeredo-Oliveira
The Triatominae subfamily is composed of 153 hematophagous species that are potential vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi , the etiological agent of Chagas disease. Karyotypic studies in triatomines were initiated in 1909. There are 92 karyotypes described, all grouped into the tribes Rhodniini and Triatomini. Recently, a phylogenetic study of the triatomines that combines molecular data with geological changes was performed. We now discuss how the karyotype evolved with the diversification of the triatomines.
May 21, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783099/leveraging-the-cruzain-s3-subsite-to-increase-affinity-for-reversible-covalent-inhibitors
#2
Lorenzo Cianni, Geraldo Sartori, Fabiana Rosini, Daniela De Vita, Gabriel Pires, Bianca Rebelo Lopes, Andrei Leitão, Antonio C B Burtoloso, Carlos A Montanari
Cruzain is the major cysteine protease of Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiological agent of Chagas disease. Reversible covalent cruzain inhibitors can block the steps of cell differentiation in the parasite and kill the organism. To this end, the description of how inhibitors modified at the P2/P3 positions lead to analogs with greater cruzain affinity to the S2/S3 subsites is of fundamental importance. Albeit many efforts are being employed in the characterization of the interaction processes with S2 subsite, little is known about the cruzain S3 subsite...
April 26, 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782493/dissecting-the-phyloepidemiology-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-i-tci-in-brazil-by-the-use-of-high-resolution-genetic-markers
#3
Fabiola Roman, Samanta das Chagas Xavier, Louisa A Messenger, Márcio G Pavan, Michael A Miles, Ana María Jansen, Matthew Yeo
BACKGROUND: Trypanosoma cruzi, the causal agent of Chagas disease, is monophyletic but genetically heterogeneous. It is currently represented by six genetic lineages (Discrete Typing Units, DTUs) designated TcI-TcVI. TcI is the most geographically widespread and genetically heterogeneous lineage, this as is evidenced by a wide range of genetic markers applied to isolates spanning a vast geographic range in Latin America. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In total, 78 TcI isolated from hosts and vectors distributed in 5 different biomes of Brazil, were analyzed using 6 nuclear housekeeping genes, 25 microsatellite loci and one mitochondrial marker...
May 21, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781553/effects-of-melatonin-on-thymic-and-oxidative-stress-dysfunctions-during-trypanosoma-cruzi-infection
#4
Vânia Brazão, Rafaela Pravato Colato, Fabricia Helena Santello, Gabriel Tavares do Vale, Natália de Almeida Gonzaga, Carlos Renato Tirapelli, José Clóvis do Prado
Although the exact etiology of Chagas' disease is not completely elucidated, thymic atrophy and oxidative stress are believed to be important contributors to the pathogenesis during acute Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi) infection. We hypothethized that exogenous melatonin, administered by gavage (5 mg/kg, p.o., gavage) to young (5 weeks old) and middle-aged (18 months old) male Wistar rats would modulate thymic oxidative damage and reverse the age-related thymus regression during T. cruzi acute infection. Increased levels of superoxide anion (O2 - ) were detected in the thymus of infected animals and treatment with melatonin reverted this response...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778329/the-kinetoplast-dna-of-the-australian-trypanosome-trypanosoma-copemani-shares-features-with-trypanosoma-cruzi-and-trypanosoma-lewisi
#5
Adriana Botero, Irit Kapeller, Crystal Cooper, Peta L Clode, Joseph Shlomai, R C Andrew Thompson
Kinetoplast DNA (kDNA) is the mitochondrial genome of trypanosomatids. It consists of a few dozen maxicircles and several thousand minicircles, all catenated topologically to form a two-dimensional DNA network. Minicircles are heterogeneous in size and sequence among species. They present one or several conserved regions that contain three highly conserved sequence blocks (CSBs). CSB-1 (10 bp sequence) and CSB-2 (8 bp sequence) present lower interspecies homology, while CSB-3 (12 bp sequence) or the Universal Minicircle Sequence (UMS) is conserved within most trypanosomatids...
May 17, 2018: International Journal for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775566/the-challenge-of-discordant-serology-in-chagas-disease-the-role-of-two-confirmatory-techniques-in-inconclusive-cases
#6
Zaira Moure, Elena Sulleiro, Laura Iniesta, Carmen Guillen, Israel Molina, M Magdalena Alcover, Cristina Riera, Tomás Pumarola, Roser Fisa
Serodiscordance in Chagas disease (CD) remains a challenge since individuals with inconclusive results are clinically complicated to manage. This work, conducted outside the endemic area, aims to compare two different confirmatory techniques for the diagnosis of CD in individuals without a definitive diagnosis, to analyze the performance of the screening techniques in this group of patients, and to describe the serological follow-up of these subjects over time. Sera from 48 individuals with repeatedly discordant results by one recombinant enzyme immunoassay (r-ELISA) and one native ELISA (n-ELISA), were included in the study...
May 15, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774028/nlrp3-inflammasome-and-caspase-1-11-pathway-orchestrate-different-outcomes-in-the-host-protection-against-trypanosoma-cruzi-acute-infection
#7
Augusto F Paroli, Patricia V Gonzalez, Cintia Díaz-Luján, Luisina I Onofrio, Alfredo Arocena, Roxana C Cano, Eugenio A Carrera-Silva, Susana Gea
Infection with protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi results in activation of nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat containing receptors (NLRs). NLR activation leads to inflammasome formation, the activation of caspase-1, and the subsequent cleavage of IL-1β and IL-18. Considering that inflammasome activation and IL-1β induction by macrophages are key players for an appropriate T cell response, we investigated the relevance of NLR pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) and caspase-1/11 to elucidate their roles in the induction of different T cell phenotypes and the relationship with parasite load and hepatic inflammation during T...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771525/an-nmr-biochemical-assay-for-oxidosqualene-cyclase-evaluation-of-inhibitor-activities-on-trypanosoma-cruzi-and-human-enzymes
#8
Osamu Tani, Yukie Akutsu, Shinji Ito, Takayuki Suzuki, Yukihiro Tateishi, Tomohiko Yamaguchi, Tatsuya Niimi, Ichiji Namatame, Yasunori Chiba, Hitoshi Sakashita, Tomomi Kubota, Tetsuo Yanagi, Shusaku Mizukami, Kenji Hirayama, Koji Furukawa, Kazuhiko Yamasaki
Oxidosqualene cyclase (OSC), a membrane-associated protein, is a key enzyme of sterol biosynthesis. Here we report a novel assay for OSC, involving reaction in aqueous solution, NMR quantification in organic solvent, and factor analysis of spectra. We evaluated one known and three novel inhibitors on OSC of Trypanosoma cruzi, a parasite causative of Chagas disease, and compared with their effects on human OSC for selectivity. Among them, one novel inhibitor showed a significant parasiticidal activity.
May 17, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768603/-satisfaction-of-chagas-disease-patients-attended-at-a-pharmaceutical-care-service-in-the-state-of-cear%C3%A3-brazil
#9
Alanna Carla da Costa, Darlan da Silva Cândido, Arduina Sofia Ortet de Barros Vasconcelos Fidalgo, José Damião da Silva Filho, Carlos Eduardo Menezes Viana, Monise Anne Lima, Mônica Coelho Andrade, Maria de Fátima Oliveira
In 2005, a pharmaceutical care service was created in the State of Ceará to provide pharmacotherapeutic follow-up for individuals infected with Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas Disease). After 10 years of operation, an evaluation was conducted to assess the degree of satisfaction of patients treated under the service. This prospective study used a questionnaire comprising the following sections: socioeconomic data; infrastructure, facilities and operations; pharmaceutical care; and importance of the service. Seventy patients of both sexes and over 18 years of age were interviewed between August 2014 and May 2015...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768552/natural-infection-by-trypanosoma-cruzi-in-triatomines-and-seropositivity-for-chagas-disease-of-dogs-in-rural-areas-of-rio-grande-do-norte-brazil
#10
Yannara Barbosa Nogueira Freitas, Celeste da Silva Freitas de Souza, Jamille Maia E Magalhães, Maressa Laíse Reginaldo de Sousa, Luiz Ney d'Escoffier, Tânia Zaverucha do Valle, Teresa Cristina Monte Gonçalves, Hélcio Reinaldo Gil-Santana, Thais Aaparecida Kazimoto, Sthenia Santos Albano Amora
INTRODUCTION: Chagas disease is caused by the protozoa Trypanosoma cruzi. Its main reservoir is the domestic dog, especially in rural areas with favorable characteristics for vector establishment and proliferation. The aims of this study were to collect data, survey and map the fauna, and identify T. cruzi infection in triatomines, as well as to assess the presence of anti-T. cruzi antibodies in dogs in rural areas of the municipality of Mossoró, Brazil. METHODS: An active entomologic research was conducted to identify adult specimens through an external morphology dichotomous key...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768550/insect-vectors-of-chagas-disease-trypanosoma-cruzi-in-northeastern-brazil
#11
Arduina Sofia Ortet de Barros Vasconcelos Fidalgo, Alanna Carla da Costa, José Damião da Silva Filho, Darlan da Silva Cândido, Erlane Chaves Freitas, Laíse Dos Santos Pereira, Mônica Coelho de Andrade, Kátia Cristina Morais Soares Gomes, Cláudia Mendonça Bezerra, Maria de Fátima Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Chagas disease remains a public health problem in the rural and urban areas of 19 countries in the Americas. METHODS: The aim of the present study was to investigate the Trypanosoma cruzi infection rate of triatomines collected from both intra- and peridomiciliary areas in eleven municipalities of Southeastern Ceará, Brazil, from 2009 to 2015. RESULTS: A total of 32,364 triatomine specimens, including nymphs and adults, were collected, and 31,736 (98...
March 2018: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768103/efficacy-of-recombinase-polymerase-amplification-to-diagnose-trypanosoma-cruzi-infection-in-dogs-with-cardiac-alterations-from-an-endemic-area-of-mexico
#12
Matilde Jimenez-Coello, Thomas Shelite, Alejandro Castellanos-Gonzalez, Omar Saldarriaga, Rocio Rivero, Antonio Ortega-Pacheco, Carlos Acevedo-Arcique, Karla Amaya-Guardia, Nisha Garg, Peter Melby, Bruno L Travi
Chagas disease is a lingering Public Health problem in Latin America with ∼5.7 million people infected with Trypanosoma cruzi. Transmission is still taking place in most countries of the Americas, including the United States. Dogs are frequently infected with T. cruzi and its high infection prevalence is associated with increased risk of Chagas disease in humans. The city of Mérida in the Yucatan peninsula is endemic for Chagas disease and canines are frequently infected with T. cruzi. The objective of this study was to evaluate the performance of a qualitative point of care (POC) molecular test (RPA-LF, recombinase polymerase amplification-lateral flow) developed in our laboratory for identifying infected dogs...
May 16, 2018: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755837/chagasic-cardiomyopathy-and-pompe-disease-case-report
#13
Rafael Ob de Morais, Ândrea V Chaves-Markman, Anna Pp Miranda, Ingrid G Amorim, Maria da Ga de M Cavalcanti, Manuel Markman, Brivaldo Markman-Filho
BACKGROUND: Pompe disease is a lysosomal storage disease with an autosomal recessive inheritance characterized by an insufficient activity of the acid alpha-glucosidase enzyme. The incidence varies from 1:40000 to 1:200000 live births and cardiac involvement in adults is rare. Chagas disease is an infection caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, in which one-third of the cases progress to the chronic form, and may lead to cardiac involvement, usually from the fifth decade of life onwards...
2018: American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755558/antiparasitic-activity-and-essential-oil-chemical-analysis-of-the-piper-tuberculatum-jacq-fruit
#14
Valterlúcio Dos Santos Sales, Álefe Brito Monteiro, Gyllyandeson de Araújo Delmondes, Emmily Petícia do Nascimento, Francisco Rodolpho Sobreira Dantas Nóbrega de Figuêiredo, Cristina Kelly de Souza Rodrigues, Josefa Fernanda Evangelista de Lacerda, Cícera Norma Fernandes, Maysa de Oliveira Barbosa, Adamo Xenofonte Brasil, Saulo Relison Tintino, Maria Celeste Vega Gomez, Cathia Coronel, Henrique Douglas Melo Coutinho, José Galberto Martins da Costa, Cícero Francisco Bezerra Felipe, Irwin Rose Alencar de Menezes, Marta Regina Kerntopf
With the increase of neglected diseases such as leishmaniasis and Chagas disease, there was a need for the search for new therapeutic alternatives that reduce the harm caused by medicine available for treatment. Thus, this study was performed to investigate the antiparasitic activity of the essential oil from the fruits of Piper tuberculatum Jacq, against lines of Leishmania braziliensis (MHOM/CO/88/UA301), Leishmania infantum (MHOM/ES/92/BCN83) and Trypanosoma cruzi (LC-B5 clone). Before running protocols, an analysis of the chemical composition of essential oil was conducted, which presented monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes...
2018: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755471/extracellular-vesicles-shed-by-trypanosoma-cruzi-potentiate-infection-and-elicit-lipid-body-formation-and-pge-2-production-in-murine-macrophages
#15
Maria Isabel Lovo-Martins, Aparecida Donizette Malvezi, Nágela Ghabdan Zanluqui, Bruno Fernando Cruz Lucchetti, Vera Lúcia Hideko Tatakihara, Patricia Alves Mörking, Admilton Gonçalves de Oliveira, Samuel Goldenberg, Pryscilla Fanini Wowk, Phileno Pinge-Filho
During the onset of Trypanosoma cruzi infection, an effective immune response is necessary to control parasite replication and ensure host survival. Macrophages have a central role in innate immunity, acting as an important trypanocidal cell and triggering the adaptive immune response through antigen presentation and cytokine production. However, T. cruzi displays immune evasion mechanisms that allow infection and replication in macrophages, favoring its chronic persistence. One potential mechanism is the release of T...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752964/identification-and-characterization-of-a-calmodulin-binding-domain-in-the-plasma-membrane-ca-2-atpase-from-trypanosoma-equiperdum
#16
José Rubén Ramírez-Iglesias, María Carolina Pérez-Gordones, Jesús Rafael Del Castillo, Alfredo Mijares, Gustavo Benaim, Marta Mendoza
The plasma membrane Ca2+ -ATPase (PMCA) from trypanosomatids lacks a classical calmodulin (CaM) binding domain, although CaM stimulated activities have been detected by biochemical assays. Recently we proposed that the Trypanosoma equiperdum CaM-sensitive PMCA (TePMCA) contains a potential 1-18 CaM-binding motif at the C-terminal region of the pump. In the present study, we evaluated the potential CaM-binding motifs using CaM from Trypanosoma cruzi and either the recombinant full length TePMCA C-terminal sequence (P14) or synthetic peptides comprising different regions of the C-terminal domain...
May 9, 2018: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750791/impact-of-benznidazole-treatment-on-the-functional-response-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-antigen-specific-cd4-cd8-t-cells-in-chronic-chagas-disease-patients
#17
Elena Pérez-Antón, Adriana Egui, M Carmen Thomas, Concepción J Puerta, John Mario González, Adriana Cuéllar, Manuel Segovia, Manuel Carlos López
BACKGROUND: Chagas disease is caused by Trypanosoma cruzi. The persistence of the parasite is associated with the disease chronicity and the impairment of the cellular immune response. It has been reported that the CD4+CD8+ T cell population expands in chronic Chagas disease patients. Few studies have focused on this subset of cells, and very little is known about the impact of antiparasitic treatment on this population. METHODOLOGY: Thirty-eight chronic Chagas disease patients (20 asymptomatic and 18 symptomatic) and twelve healthy controls were enrolled in this study...
May 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748049/identification-and-preliminary-structure-activity-relationship-studies-of-novel-pyridyl-sulfonamides-as-potential-chagas-disease-therapeutic-agents
#18
Raiza Brandão Peres, Asma Inam Ullah, Ludmila Ferreira de Almeida Fiuza, Patricia Bernardino Silva, Marcos M Batista, Olivia Corcoran, Tummala Rama Krishna Reddy, Maria de Nazaré Correia Soeiro
Chagas disease is a neglected pathology responsible for about 12,000 deaths every year across Latin America. Although six million people are infected by the Trypanosoma cruzi, current therapeutic options are limited, highlighting the need for new drugs. Here we report the preliminary structure activity relationships of a small library of 17 novel pyridyl sulfonamide derivatives. Analogues 4 and 15 displayed significant potency against intracellular amastigotes with EC50 of 5.4 µM and 8.6 µM. In cytotoxicity assays using mice fibroblast L929 cell lines, both compounds indicated low toxicity with decent selectivity indices (SI) >36 and >23 respectively...
April 30, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746872/the-contribution-of-the-dna-microarray-technology-to-gene-expression-profiling-in-leishmania-spp-a-retrospective
#19
REVIEW
Ana Alonso, Vicente Larraga, Pedro J Alcolea
The first genome project of any living organism excluding viruses, the gammaproteobacteria Haemophilus influenzae, was completed in 1995. Until the last decade, genome sequencing was very tedious because genome survey sequences (GSS) and/or expressed sequence tags (ESTs) belonging to plasmid, cosmid and artificial chromosome genome libraries had to be sequenced and assembled in silico. Nowadays, no genome is completely assembled actually, because gaps and unassembled contigs are always remaining. However, most represent the whole genome of the organism of origin from a practical point of view...
May 7, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746871/discrete-typing-units-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-detected-by-real-time-pcr-in-chilean-patients-with-chronic-chagas-cardiomyopathy
#20
Catalina Muñoz-San Martín, Inés Zulantay, Miguel Saavedra, Cristián Fuentealba, Gabriela Muñoz, Werner Apt
Chagas disease is a major public health problem in Latin America and has spread to other countries due to immigration of infected persons. 10-30% of patients with chronic Chagas disease will develop cardiomyopathy. Chagas cardiomyopathy is the worst form of the disease, due to its high morbidity and mortality. Because of its prognostic value and adequate medical monitoring, it is very important to identify infected people who could develop Chagas cardiomyopathy. The aim of this study was to determine if discrete typing units (DTUs) of Trypanosoma cruzi are related to the presence of heart disease in patients with chronic Chagas disease...
May 7, 2018: Acta Tropica
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