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Riaz A Agha, Alexander J Fowler, Shivanchan Rajmohan, Ishani Barai, Dennis P Orgill
INTRODUCTION: Case series have been a long held tradition within the surgical literature and are still frequently published. Reporting guidelines can improve transparency and reporting quality. No guideline exists for reporting case series and our recent systematic review highlights key data being missed from such reports. Our objective was to develop reporting guidelines for surgical case series. METHODS: A Delphi consensus exercise was conducted to determine items to include in the reporting guideline...
October 19, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
M C M Conde, L A Chisini, R Sarkis-Onofre, H S Schuch, J E Nör, F F Demarco
The aim of this Scoping Study was to evaluate the survival rate and nature of tissue formed inside root canals of human Necrotic Immature Permanent Teeth (NIPT) under root canal revascularization (RCR). The search was performed in SciVerse Scopus(®) , PubMed/Medline, Web of Science(®) , BIREME and in grey literature up to November 2015. The keywords were selected using MeSH terms and DECs. Two independent reviewers scrutinized the records obtained considering specific inclusion criteria. The included studies were evaluated in accordance with a modified Arksey and O' Malley's framework...
October 22, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
Fausto Petrelli, Sandro Barni, Giacomo Bregni, Filippo de Braud, Serena Di Cosimo
BACKGROUND: The interest in platinum salts in breast cancer (BC) therapy has been recently renewed as inhibition of DNA damage response may enhance the effects of DNA-damaging agents in BC tumors with high genomic instability. The present systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials were performed to assess the efficacy and safety of therapy with platinum salts in patients with locally advanced or metastatic (hereinafter advanced) BC. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, and CINAHL for phase II/III clinical trials that assessed efficacy of platinum-based therapy in patients with advanced BC...
October 21, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Jan Hattendorf, Kevin Louis Bardosh, Jakob Zinsstag
Surveillance of zoonotic disease requires special attention because the animal and human health sectors are involved. A proliferation of scholarly literature and technical guidelines exist for early detection of exotic and re-emerging diseases and to demonstrate freedom from disease as part of international trade agreements. In contrast, literature focussing on surveillance of endemic zoonotic diseases is relatively rare. In this article, we describe and discuss the main aspects to consider when planning a surveillance system for endemic zoonotic diseases in a resource-limited country...
October 18, 2016: Acta Tropica
Rebecca Leddy, Madelene Lewis, Susan Ackerman, Jeanne Hill, Paul Thacker, Maria Matheus, Sameer Tipnis, Leonie Gordon
Utilization of a radiology resident-specific quality improvement (QI) program and curriculum based on the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) milestones can enable a program's assessment of the systems-based practice component and prepare residents for QI implementation post graduation. This article outlines the development process, curriculum, QI committee formation, and resident QI project requirements of one institution's designated radiology resident QI program. A method of mapping the curriculum to the ACGME milestones and assessment of resident competence by postgraduate year level is provided...
October 18, 2016: Academic Radiology
Roxanne Keynejad, Maya Semrau, Mark Toynbee, Sara Evans-Lacko, Crick Lund, Oye Gureje, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Emilie Courtin, Jibril O Abdulmalik, Atalay Alem, Abebaw Fekadu, Graham Thornicroft, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the interventions required to build the capacity of mental health policy-makers and planners in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We conducted a systematic review with the primary aim of identifying and synthesizing the evidence base for building the capacity of policy-makers and planners to strengthen mental health systems in LMICs. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Web of Knowledge, Web of Science, Scopus, CINAHL, LILACS, ScieELO, Google Scholar and Cochrane databases for studies reporting evidence, experience or evaluation of capacity-building of policy-makers, service planners or managers in mental health system strengthening in LMICs...
October 21, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Vadim V Yerokhin, Branden K Carr, Guy Sneed, Matt Vassar
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews and meta-analyses that do not include unpublished data in their analyses may be prone to publication bias, which in some cases has been shown to have deleterious consequences on determining the efficacy of interventions. METHODS: We retrieved systematic reviews and meta-analyses published in the past 8 years (January 1, 2007-December 31, 2015) from the top 20 journals in the Pregnancy and Childbirth literature, as rated by Google Scholar's h5-index...
October 21, 2016: BMC Research Notes
Signe Mezinska, Péter Kakuk, Goran Mijaljica, Marcin Waligóra, Dónal P O'Mathúna
BACKGROUND: Conducting research during or in the aftermath of disasters poses many specific practical and ethical challenges. This is particularly the case with research involving human subjects. The extraordinary circumstances of research conducted in disaster settings require appropriate regulations to ensure the protection of human participants. The goal of this study is to systematically and qualitatively review the existing ethical guidelines for disaster research by using the constant comparative method (CCM)...
October 21, 2016: BMC Medical Ethics
Hamidreza Majidiani, Sahar Dalvand, Ahmad Daryani, Ma de la Luz Galvan-Ramirez, Masoud Foroutan-Rad
INTRODUCTION: The global protozoan parasite, Toxoplasma gondii, infects many warm-blooded animals and humans by employing different transmission routes. There have been some recent studies on the probable relevance of infectious agents and diabetes. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify the possible association between chronic toxoplasmosis and diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This study was conducted following the general methodology recommended for systematic reviews and meta-analysis...
October 18, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Joshua F Wiley, Bei Bei, Julienne E Bower, Annette L Stanton
OBJECTIVES: Allostatic load (AL) represents cumulative wear-and-tear on the body and is operationalized as a multisystem index of biomarkers. Allostatic load is associated with morbidities and mortality, leading to a growing body of literature that uses AL as an outcome in its own right. Psychosocial resources (PSRs), such as mastery and social support, may influence health outcomes in part via AL, and the current review seeks to characterize the relations between PSRs and AL. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted by searching PubMed, CINAHL Plus, PsycINFO, Scopus, and Embase for studies examining the relation between PSR(s) and AL in humans...
October 20, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
Ashley Currier, Thérèse Migraine-George
Understandings of African lesbian sexualities have been affected by silence, repression, and uncertainty. The subject of lesbian experiences and sexualities in Africa constitutes an opportunity for feminist scholars to address the transnational politics of knowledge production about African lesbians' lives and the contours of lesbian art, activism, and relationships in African nations. This article contextualizes the state of research on African lesbian sexualities and introduces the special issue.
October 21, 2016: Journal of Lesbian Studies
Kate Greenwell, Derek J Hoare
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore the presence of key interactive design features across Internet-based audiology rehabilitation and self-management interventions, and whether there is evidence of them mediating effects of the intervention. Method: Adult audiology interventions relevant to this review were identified through a literature search in Google Scholar and a hand search of key journals. Four key interactive design features that have been proposed to mediate the effects of Internet-based health interventions were reported for each intervention: social context and support, contacts with the intervention, tailoring, and self-management...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Waleed Brinjikji, Vivek N Iyer, Christopher P Wood, Giuseppe Lanzino
OBJECTIVE Patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) are known to suffer from high rates of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). The authors performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature examining prevalence rates, characteristics, and clinical presentation of cerebral AVMs in the HHT population. METHODS To identify studies on AVM prevalence and characteristics in the HHT population, 4 databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus and Web of Science) were searched by a reference librarian with over 30 years experience in systematic reviews and meta-analysis...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Agda Marobo Andreotti, Marcelo Coelho Goiato, Adhara Smith Nobrega, Emily Vivianne Freitas da Silva, Humberto Gennari Filho, Eduardo Piza Pellizzer, Daniela Micheline Dos Santos
The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the relationship between two methods used to assess implant stability, investigating whether both provide similar implant stability assessments for the same clinical case. A literature search was conducted on MEDLINE-PubMed and Scopus databases, without limitation publication period, up to November 2015. The following key words were used, with associations among them: "dental implant", "dental implants", "Osstell", "resonance frequency analysis", "implant stability quotient", "ISQ", "Periostest", "Periotest value" and "PTV"...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Vivian M Nguyen, Nathan Young, Steven J Cooke
Scholars across all disciplines have long been interested in how knowledge moves within and beyond their community of peers. In conservation and natural resource management, however, we are lagging behind. Rapid environmental changes and calls for sustainable management practices mean that we urgently need to be using the best knowledge possible in forming decisions, policies, and practices to protect biodiversity and sustainably manage vulnerable natural resources. While the conservation literature on knowledge exchange (KE) and knowledge mobilization (KMb) has grown in recent years, much of it is based on context-specific case studies...
October 21, 2016: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
Shawneequa L Callier, Rachel Abudu, Maxwell J Mehlman, Mendel E Singer, Duncan Neuhauser, Charlisse Caga-Anan, Georgia L Wiesner
PURPOSE: This review identifies the prominent topics in the literature pertaining to the ethical, legal, and social issues (ELSI) raised by research investigating personalized genomic medicine (PGM). METHODS: The abstracts of 953 articles extracted from scholarly databases and published during a 5-year period (2008-2012) were reviewed. A total of 299 articles met our research criteria and were organized thematically to assess the representation of ELSI issues for stakeholders, health specialties, journals, and empirical studies...
November 2016: Bioethics
Chris R Triggle, David J Triggle
Preclinical Research With the almost global availability of the Internet comes the expectation of universal accessibility to knowledge, including scientific knowledge-particularly that generated by public funding. Currently this is not the case. In this Commentary we discuss access to this knowledge, the politics that govern peer review and publication, and the role of this knowledge as a public good in medicine. With the almost global availability of the Internet comes the expectation of universal accessibility to knowledge, including scientific knowledge-particularly that generated by public funding...
October 21, 2016: Drug Development Research
Roy George
Data sourcesCochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline, Embase and Scopus databases.Study selectionStudies that reported the precision of electronic apex locators (EALs) in locating the apical constriction (AC) in primary root canal treatment of human teeth compared with a histologic evaluation of the AC were considered.Data extraction and synthesisData were extracted and quality assessed independently by two reviewers.ResultsTen studies were included, reporting on 1105 EAL measurements. Seven studies were considered to be at high risk of bias and three at low risk...
September 2016: Evidence-based Dentistry
Jennifer E Arnold
It is well established that language production and comprehension are influenced by information status, for example, whether information is given, new, topical, or predictable, and many scholars suggest that an important component of information status is keeping track of what information is in common ground (i.e., what is shared), and what is not. Information status affects both speakers' choices (e.g., word order, pronoun use, prosodic prominence) and how listeners interpret the speaker's meaning (e.g., Chafe, 1994; Prince, 1981)...
October 20, 2016: Topics in Cognitive Science
Martin de Santibañes, Luis Boccalatte, Eduardo de Santibañes
Recently, associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) emerged as a novel surgical strategy to induce a rapid and large hypertrophy of the future liver remnant (FLR). We conducted a computerized search using PubMed and Google Scholar for reports published between March 2012 and July 2016 using mesh headings and key words relating to the ALPPS surgical procedure. The promising results obtained up to date are difficult to interpret due to the heterogeneous group of patients with different underlying pathologies and different chemotherapy schemes...
October 20, 2016: Updates in Surgery
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