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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049991/comparison-of-quality-of-life-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-and-peritoneal-dialysis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Luca Zazzeroni, Gianandea Pasquinelli, Eleonora Nanni, Valeria Cremonini, Ivan Rubbi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The increase in the survival rate of patients with chronic renal failure due to substitution treatment prompts an investigation of their quality of life (QoL), a key measure to evaluate the outcomes of chronic disease treatment. To determine whether hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis provide a better QoL, a systematic meta-analysis was performed. METHODS: We searched through the database Cinahl, Medline, PubMed, Scopus and Proquest, including articles published from 2011 until June 2016...
October 19, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049707/influence-of-staged-repair-and-primary-repair-on-outcomes-in-patients-with-complete-atrioventricular-septal-defect-and-tetralogy-of-fallot-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Evgeniy Lenko, Yuriy Kulyabin, Alexey Zubritskiy, Yuriy Gorbatykh, Yuriy Naberukhin, Nataliya Nichay, Alexander Bogachev-Prokophiev, Alexander Karaskov
OBJECTIVES: Complete atrioventricular septal defect with tetralogy of Fallot is a rare congenital heart disease. The combination of these lesions occurs in about 1% of all patients with atrioventricular canal defects and in 5-6% of patients with tetralogy of Fallot. To assess the influence of surgical strategy on the survival and reintervention rate for the left atrioventricular valve and right ventricular outflow tract. METHODS: We analyzed all related studies since 1986...
August 25, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049421/complementary-religious-and-spiritual-interventions-in-physical-health-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-clinical-trials
#3
Juliane Piasseschi de Bernardin Gonçalves, Giancarlo Lucchetti, Paulo Rossi Menezes, Homero Vallada
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether religious and spiritual interventions (RSIs) can promote physical health and quality of life in individuals. METHODS: The following databases were used to conduct a systematic review: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane, and Scielo. Randomized controlled trials that evaluated RSIs regarding physical health outcomes and/or quality of life in English, Spanish or Portuguese were included. RSI protocols performed at a distance (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049416/musicians-have-better-memory-than-nonmusicians-a-meta-analysis
#4
Francesca Talamini, Gianmarco Altoè, Barbara Carretti, Massimo Grassi
BACKGROUND: Several studies have found that musicians perform better than nonmusicians in memory tasks, but this is not always the case, and the strength of this apparent advantage is unknown. Here, we conducted a meta-analysis with the aim of clarifying whether musicians perform better than nonmusicians in memory tasks. METHODS: Education Source; PEP (WEB)-Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing; Psychology and Behavioral Science (EBSCO); PsycINFO (Ovid); PubMed; ScienceDirect-AllBooks Content (Elsevier API); SCOPUS (Elsevier API); SocINDEX with Full Text (EBSCO) and Google Scholar were searched for eligible studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049231/dose-duration-and-strain-of-bacillus-calmette-guerin-in-the-treatment-of-nonmuscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#5
Yongjun Quan, Chang Wook Jeong, Cheol Kwak, Hyeon Hoe Kim, Hyung Suk Kim, Ja Hyeon Ku
BACKGROUND: Intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) instillation is widely used as an adjuvant therapy after transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT) in patients with intermediate- and high-risk nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). However, the effective dose, duration, and strain of BCG have not yet been clearly determined. We aimed to elucidate the relationship between dose, duration, and strain of BCG and clinical outcomes in NMIBC patients treated with TURBT. METHODS: We conducted a literature search in Embase, Scopus, and PubMed databases for all relevant articles published up to October 2016 in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis guidelines...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049073/postoperative-outcomes-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-comparative-studies
#6
Mahesh Nagappa, George Ho, Jayadeep Patra, Jean Wong, Mandeep Singh, Roop Kaw, Davy Cheng, Frances Chung
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common comorbidity in patients undergoing cardiac surgery and may predispose patients to postoperative complications. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to determine the evidence of postoperative complications associated with OSA patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: A literature search of Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Medline, Medline In-process, Web of Science, Scopus, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and CINAHL until October 2016 was performed...
October 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048987/health-literacy-and-vaccination-a-systematic-review
#7
Chiara Lorini, Francesca Santomauro, Martina Donzellini, Leonardo Capecchi, Angela Bechini, Sara Boccalini, Paolo Bonanni, Guglielmo Bonaccorsi
This systematic review describes the current relationship between health literacy (HL) and vaccination (including attitude to vaccines, intention to vaccinate, and vaccine uptake). The aim is to comprehend the role of HL as a determinant of vaccine hesitancy. For this purpose, the following databases were explored from 1 January 2007 to 15 January 2017: PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, ERIC, Health Evidence, Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library. Nine studies were included in the final synthesis...
October 19, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048965/the-effectiveness-of-hiv-prevention-interventions-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-ethnic-minority-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Isabel Ruiz-Perez, Matthew Murphy, Guadalupe Pastor-Moreno, Antonio Rojas-García, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco
BACKGROUND: Surveys in the United States and Europe have shown a plateau of new HIV cases, with certain regions and populations disproportionately affected by the disease. Ethnic minority women and socioeconomically disadvantaged groups are disproportionately affected by HIV. Previous reviews have focused on prevention interventions targeting ethnic minority men who have sex with men, have not accounted for socioeconomic status, or have included only interventions carried out in clinical settings...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048926/kheyr-on-nessa-amoli-an-iranian-lady-physician-in-the-gurkani-court-of-india
#9
Seyyed Alireza Golshani, Ziba Ghafouri, Mohammad Ebrahim Zohalinezhad
The popularity of the science of medicine in the Gurkani Court of India relied on the presence and scientific work of Iranian scholars. Iranian women, like men, enjoyed this area of science and were also actively involved in social issues. The remarkable participation of Iranian female physicians in some medical fields, such as issues and care in pregnancy, child-bearing, and baby care, is among their scientific contributions to the changes and growing trends in medicine. These affairs were monopolized by women who held this knowledge for centuries...
September 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048922/an-overview-of-tracheal-stenosis-research-trends-and-hot-topics
#10
Roya Farzanegan, Mansoureh Feizabadi, Fariba Ghorbani, Masoud Movassaghi, Esmaeil Vaziri, Mahdi Zangi, Seyedamirmohammad Lajevardi, Mohammad Behgam Shadmehr
BACKGROUND: Tracheal stenosis remains a challenge in the thoracic surgery field. Recognizing the hot topics and major concepts in this area would help the health policy makers to determine their own priorities and design the effective research plans. The present study analyzed and mapped the topics and trends of tracheal stenosis studies over time as well as authors' and countries' contributions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Search results were obtained employing Bibexcel...
September 2017: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048862/order-without-intellectual-property-law-open-science-in-influenza
#11
Amy Kapczynski
Today, intellectual property (IP) scholars accept that IP as an approach to information production has serious limits. But what lies beyond IP? A new literature on "intellectual production without IP" (or "IP without IP") has emerged to explore this question, but its examples and explanations have yet to convince skeptics. This Article reorients this new literature via a study of a hard case: a global influenza virus-sharing network that has for decades produced critically important information goods, at significant expense, and in a loose-knit group--all without recourse to IP...
2017: Cornell Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048779/cytometry-part-a-isac-marylou-ingram-scholars-and-srl-emerging-leaders-mentorship-program-the-next-step
#12
EDITORIAL
Attila Tárnok
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Cytometry. Part A: the Journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048468/policy-determinants-of-physical-activity-across-the-life-course-a-dedipac-umbrella-systematic-literature-review
#13
Anna Puggina, Katina Aleksovska, Christoph Buck, Con Burns, Greet Cardon, Angela Carlin, Simon Chantal, Donatella Ciarapica, Giancarlo Condello, Tara Coppinger, Cristina Cortis, Sara D'Haese, Marieke De Craemer, Andrea Di Blasio, Sylvia Hansen, Licia Iacoviello, Johann Issartel, Pascal Izzicupo, Lina Jaeschke, Martina Kanning, Aileen Kennedy, Fiona Chun Man Ling, Agnes Luzak, Giorgio Napolitano, Julie-Anne Nazare, Camille Perchoux, Tobias Pischon, Angela Polito, Alessandra Sannella, Holger Schulz, Rhoda Sohun, Astrid Steinbrecher, Wolfgang Schlicht, Walter Ricciardi, Ciaran MacDonncha, Laura Capranica, Stefania Boccia
Background: Despite the large number of studies and reviews available, the evidence regarding the policy determinants of physical activity (PA) is inconclusive. This umbrella systematic literature review (SLR) summarizes the current evidence on the policy determinants of PA across the life course, by pooling the results of the available SLRs and meta-analyses (MAs). Methods: A systematic online search was conducted on MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, Scopus and SPORTDiscus databases up to April 2016...
October 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048192/intersectionality-research-in-counseling-psychology
#14
Patrick R Grzanka, Carlos E Santos, Bonnie Moradi
This article introduces the special section on intersectionality research in counseling psychology. Across the 4 manuscripts that constitute this special section, a clear theme emerges: a need to return to the roots and politics of intersectionality. Importantly, the 2 empirical articles in this special section (Jerald, Cole, Ward, & Avery, 2017; Lewis, Williams, Peppers, & Gadson, 2017) are studies of Black women's experiences: a return, so to speak, to the subject positions and social locations from which intersectionality emanates...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047310/reserve-or-resident-progenitors-in-cartilage-comparative-analysis-of-chondrocytes-versus-chondroprogenitors-and-their-role-in-cartilage-repair
#15
Elizabeth Vinod, P R J V C Boopalan, Solomon Sathishkumar
Introduction Articular cartilage is made up of hyaline tissue embodying chondrocytes, which arise from mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) and specialized extracellular matrix. Despite possessing resident progenitors in and around the joint primed for chondrogenesis, cartilage has limited intrinsic capacity of repair and cell turnover. Advances in isolation, culture, and characterization of these progenitors have raised the possibility for their use in cell-based cartilage repair. Chondroprogenitors (CPCs) have been classified as MSCs and have been postulated to play a vital role in injury response and are identified by their colony forming ability, proliferative potential, telomere dynamics, multipotency, and expression of stem cell markers...
October 1, 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047120/dental-pulp-regeneration-via-cell-homing
#16
REVIEW
S Eramo, A Natali, R Pinna, E Milia
The typical treatment for irreversibly inflamed/necrotic pulp tissue is root canal treatment. As an alternative approach, regenerative endodontics aims to regenerate dental pulp-like tissues using two possible strategies: cell transplantation and cell homing. The former requires exogenously transplanted stem cells, complex procedures and high costs; the latter employs the host's endogenous cells to achieve tissue repair/regeneration, which is more clinically translatable. This systematic review examines cell homing for dental pulp regeneration, selecting articles on in vitro experiments, in vivo ectopic transplantation models and in situ pulp revascularization...
October 19, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047020/rotavirus-epidemiology-and-vaccine-demand-considering-bangladesh-chapter-through-the-book-of-global-disease-burden
#17
REVIEW
Abdullah Mahmud-Al-Rafat, Abdul Muktadir, Hasneen Muktadir, Mahbubul Karim, Arpan Maheshwari, Mohammad Mainul Ahasan
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus is the major cause of gastroenteritis in children throughout the world. Every year, a large number of children aged < 5 years die from rotavirus-related diarrhoeal diseases. Though these infections are vaccine-preventable, the vast majority of children in low-income countries suffer from the infection. The situation leads to severe economic loss and constitutes a major public health problem. METHODS: We searched electronic databases including PubMed and Google scholar using the following words: "features of rotavirus," "epidemiology of rotavirus," "rotavirus serotypes," "rotavirus in Bangladesh," "disease burden of rotavirus," "rotavirus vaccine," "low efficacy of rotavirus vaccine," "inactivated rotavirus vaccine"...
October 19, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046706/don-t-call-me-a-leader-but-i-am-one-the-dutch-mayor-and-the-tradition-of-bridging-and-bonding-leadership-in-consensus-democracies
#18
Niels Karsten, Frank Hendriks
In some democratic contexts, there is a strong aversion to the directive, individualistic and masculine expressions of leadership that have come to dominate the study of political leadership. Such leadership is antithetical to consensus democracies in parts of continental Europe, where the antipathy to leadership has linguistic, institutional as well as cultural dimensions. Political-administrative and socio-cultural contexts in these countries provide little room for heroic expressions of leadership. Consequently, alternative forms of leadership and associated vocabularies have developed that carry profound practical relevance but that have remained underexplored...
April 2017: Leadership (Lond)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046662/shared-medical-appointments-may-be-effective-for-improving-clinical-and-behavioral-outcomes-in-type-2-diabetes-a-narrative-review
#19
REVIEW
Kirthi Menon, Aya Mousa, Maximilian Pj de Courten, Georgia Soldatos, Garry Egger, Barbora de Courten
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a complex chronic disease affecting over 400 million people worldwide. Managing T2DM and its associated complications in individual patient consultations poses substantial challenges to physicians due to limited time and resources and lack of access to multidisciplinary teams. Shared medical appointments (SMAs) are consecutive medical consultations provided by a physician in a group setting, where integrated medical care and patient education are delivered in a single session...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046602/surveillance-at-sea-the-transactional-politics-of-border-control-in-the-aegean
#20
Huub Dijstelbloem, Rogier van Reekum, Willem Schinkel
The relationship between vision and action is a key element of both practices and conceptualizations of border surveillance in Europe. This article engages with what we call the 'operative vision' of surveillance at sea, specifically as performed by the border control apparatus in the Aegean. We analyse the political consequences of this operative vision by elaborating on three examples of fieldwork conducted in the Aegean and on the islands of Chios and Lesbos. One of the main aims is to bring the figure of the migrant back into the study of border technologies...
June 2017: Secur Dialogue
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