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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667872/detecting-european-rabbit-oryctolagus-cuniculus-disease-outbreaks-by-monitoring-digital-media
#1
David E Peacock, Tiggy L Grillo
  Digital media and digital search tools offer simple and effective means to monitor for pathogens and disease outbreaks in target organisms. Using tools such as Rich Site Summary feeds, and Google News and Google Scholar specific key word searches, international digital media were actively monitored from 2012 to 2016 for pathogens and disease outbreaks in the taxonomic order Lagomorpha, with a specific focus on the European rabbit ( Oryctolagus cuniculus). The primary objective was identifying pathogens for assessment as potential new biocontrol agents for Australia's pest populations of the European rabbit...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667463/performance-of-protein-induced-by-vitamin-k-absence-or-antagonist-ii-assessed-by-chemiluminescence-enzyme-immunoassay-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-detection-a-meta-analysis
#2
Gian Paolo Caviglia, Davide Giuseppe Ribaldone, Maria Lorena Abate, Alessia Ciancio, Rinaldo Pellicano, Antonina Smedile, Giorgio Maria Saracco
OBJECTIVES: In the setting of surveillance for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) detection, the use of serum biomarkers in addition to ultrasonography (US) is still a matter of debate. Hence, we performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-II (PIVKA-II) and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) alone or in combination for HCC detection in patients at risk of tumor development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a systematic search in PubMed and Scopus database for original articles published in English from 2011 to 2017, investigating the accuracy of PIVKA-II alone or in combination with AFP (reported as area under the curve [AUC]) for HCC detection among patients at risk of tumor development...
April 18, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667312/predatory-publishing-and-cybercrime-targeting-academics
#3
Mary Grace Umlauf, Yuki Mochizuki
The purpose of this report is to inform and warn academics about practices used by cybercriminals who seek to profit from unwary scholars and undermine the industry of science. This report describes the signs, symptoms, characteristics, and consequences of predatory publishing and related forms of consumer fraud. Methods to curb these cybercrimes include educating scholars and students about tactics used by predatory publishers; institutional changes in how faculty are evaluated using publications; soliciting cooperation from the industries that support academic publishing and indexing to curb incorporation of illegitimate journals; and taking an offensive position by reporting these consumer fraud crimes to the authorities...
April 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667204/public-stigma-and-attitudes-toward-psychological-help-seeking-in-the-united-arab-emirates-the-mediational-role-of-self-stigma
#4
Zahir Vally, Brettjet L Cody, Maryam A Albloshi, Safeya N M Alsheraifi
PURPOSE: Scholars argue that public stigma is predictive of self-stigma, and self-stigma is a primary predictor of attitudes toward seeking psychological help (ATPH). This assertion remains undetermined outside of the United States. This study examines a potential mediational model in which internalized stigma was hypothesized to mediate the relationship between public stigma and ATPH using a sample in the United Arab Emirates. DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional, correlational design; 114 students completed measures of public stigma, self-stigma, and ATPH...
April 17, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667159/physical-activity-throughout-the-adult-life-span-and-domain-specific-cognitive-function-in-old-age-a-systematic-review-of-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-data
#5
REVIEW
Tobias Engeroff, Tobias Ingmann, Winfried Banzer
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature suggests that physical activity might alleviate the age-related neurodegeneration and decline of cognitive function. However, most of this evidence is based on data investigating the association of exercise interventions or current physical activity behavior with cognitive function in elderly subjects. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic review and hypothesize that physical activity during the adult life span is connected with maintained domain-specific cognitive functions during late adulthood defined as age 60+ years...
April 17, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666750/tweet-success-scientific-communication-correlates-with-increased-citations-in-ecology-and-conservation
#6
Clayton T Lamb, Sophie L Gilbert, Adam T Ford
Science communication is seen as critical for the disciplines of ecology and conservation, where research products are often used to shape policy and decision making. Scientists are increasing their online media communication, via social media and news. Such media engagement has been thought to influence or predict traditional metrics of scholarship, such as citation rates. Here, we measure the association between citation rates and the Altmetric Attention Score-an indicator of the amount and reach of the attention an article has received-along with other forms of bibliometric performance (year published, journal impact factor, and article type)...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666465/molecular-epidemiology-of-lung-cancer-in-iran-implications-for-drug-development-and-cancer-prevention
#7
REVIEW
Zahra Fathi, Nicholas L Syn, Jian-Guo Zhou, Raheleh Roudi
Epidemiological studies undertaken over the past decades reveal a gradual but progressive increase in the incidence and mortality attributable to lung cancer in the Islamic Republic of Iran, a sovereign state geographically situated at the crossroads of Central Eurasia and Western Asia. We identified references published in English and Persian through searches of PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus, and the Scientific Information Database (SID)-a specialized Iranian database, which indexes Iranian scientific journals-between inception and 15 September 2017...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666377/potential-reporting-bias-in-neuroimaging-studies-of-sex-differences
#8
Sean P David, Florian Naudet, Jennifer Laude, Joaquim Radua, Paolo Fusar-Poli, Isabella Chu, Marcia L Stefanick, John P A Ioannidis
Numerous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have reported sex differences. To empirically evaluate for evidence of excessive significance bias in this literature, we searched for published fMRI studies of human brain to evaluate sex differences, regardless of the topic investigated, in Medline and Scopus over 10 years. We analyzed the prevalence of conclusions in favor of sex differences and the correlation between study sample sizes and number of significant foci identified. In the absence of bias, larger studies (better powered) should identify a larger number of significant foci...
April 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666343/interleukin-gene-polymorphisms-and-susceptibility-to-hiv-1-infection-a-meta-analysis
#9
Chrissa G Tsiara, Georgios K Nikolopoulos, Niki L Dimou, Katerina G Pantavou, Pantelis G Bagos, Benedicta Mensah, Michael Talias, Georgia G Braliou, Dimitra Paraskeva, Stefanos Bonovas, Angelos Hatzakis
Some subjects are repeatedly exposed to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), yet they remain uninfected. This suggests the existence of host-resistance mechanisms. The current study synthesizes the evidence regarding the association between interleukin (IL) gene polymorphisms and HIV susceptibility. Medline, Scopus and the Web of Science databases were systematically searched, and a meta-analysis of case-control studies was conducted. Univariate and bivariate methods were used. The literature search identified 42 eligible studies involving 15,727 subjects...
March 2018: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666134/adoption-of-a-novel-surgical-innovation-into-clinical-practice-protocol-for-a-qualitative-systematic-review-examining-surgeon-views
#10
Thomas L Lewis, Hugh N Furness, George W Miller, Nicholas Parsons, Kate Seers, Martin Underwood, Andrew J Metcalfe
INTRODUCTION: Efficient adoption of clinically effective novel surgical innovations has great potential benefits for patients. Factors affecting the adoption of surgical innovation are not well understood and proposed models of adoption do not accurately correlate with historical evidence. This protocol is for a systematic review that aims to identify the qualitative evidence relating to surgeon views regarding the adoption of novel surgical innovation into clinical practice. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic review following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidance will be performed...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666133/medical-overuse-in-the-iranian-healthcare-system-a-systematic-review-protocol
#11
Morteza Arab-Zozani, Mohammad Zakaria Pezeshki, Rahim Khodayari-Zarnaq, Ali Janati
INTRODUCTION: Lack of resources is one of the main problems of all healthcare systems. Recent studies have shown that reducing the overuse of medical services plays an important role in reducing healthcare system costs. Overuse of medical services is a major problem in the healthcare system, and it threatens the quality of the services, can harm patients and create excess costs for patients. So far, few studies have been conducted in this regard in Iran. The main objective of this systematic review is to perform an inclusive search for studies that report overuse of medical services in the Iranian healthcare system...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666129/preventing-emergency-department-ed-visits-and-hospitalisations-of-older-adults-with-cognitive-impairment-compared-with-the-general-senior-population-what-do-we-know-about-avoidable-incidents-results-from-a-scoping-review
#12
Mireille Gagnon-Roy, Benyahia Hami, Mélissa Généreux, Nathalie Veillette, Marie-Josée Sirois, Mary Egan, Véronique Provencher
OBJECTIVES: Older cognitively impaired adults present a higher risk of hospitalisation and mortality following a visit to the emergency department (ED). Better understanding of avoidable incidents is needed to prevent them and the associated ED presentations in community-dwelling adults. This study aimed to synthetise the actual knowledge concerning these incidents leading this population to ED presentation, as well as possible preventive measures to reduce them. DESIGN: A scoping review was performed according to the Arksey and O'Malley framework...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664870/outcomes-of-anatomic-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-with-b2-glenoids-a-systematic-review
#13
Colten Luedke, Michael J Kissenberth, Stefan J Tolan, Richard J Hawkins, John M Tokish
BACKGROUND: Total shoulder arthroplasty remains an effective procedure for shoulder pain relief. Despite the negative effect of abnormal glenoid morphology and specifically retroverted and posteriorly subluxated glenoids, there is no consensus for management of B2 glenoids in total shoulder arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes and complication rates for B2 glenoid techniques so as to provide a baseline understanding of the current state of treatment of this pathology...
April 17, 2018: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664758/redeveloping-the-jbi-model-of-evidence-based-healthcare
#14
Zoe Jordan, Craig Lockwood, Zachary Munn, Edoardo Aromataris
BACKGROUND: In 2005, Pearson et al. presented a developmental framework of evidence-based practice that sought to situate healthcare evidence and its role and use within the complexity of practice settings globally. A decade later, it was deemed timely to re-examine the Model and its component parts to determine whether they remain relevant and a true and accurate reflection of where the evidence-based movement is today. METHODS: A two-phase process was employed for this project...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664335/maxillary-molar-distalization-with-miniscrew-supported-appliances-in-class-ii-malocclusion-a-systematic-review
#15
Roshan Noor Mohamed, Sakeenabi Basha, Yousef Al-Thomali
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the quantitative effects of miniscrew supported appliances for maxillary molar distalization in Class II malocclusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The systematic search included MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsychINFO, Scopus, and key journals and review articles. The date of the last search was January 30, 2017. Methodological quality of the retrospective studies was graded by means of the Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies, developed for the Effective Public Health Practice Project (EPHPP) and prospective studies by means of Newcastle-Ottawa Scale...
April 17, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664334/influence-of-reminder-therapy-for-controlling-bacterial-plaque-in-patients-undergoing-orthodontic-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Igor Felipe Pereira Lima, Walbert de Andrade Vieira, Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Pedro Augusto Costa, Anderson Paulo Barbosa Lima, Matheus Melo Pithon, Luiz Renato Paranhos
OBJECTIVE: To assess the scientific evidence regarding the influence of reminder therapy on plaque index, gingival index, and white spots in patients subjected to orthodontic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomized clinical trials were searched in the electronic databases LILACS, PubMed, SciELO, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, LIVIVO, and Cochrane Library. The databases OpenThesis and OpenGrey were used to capture the "gray literature," preventing selection and publication biases...
April 17, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663831/the-use-of-periodized-exercise-prescription-in-rehabilitation-a-systematic-scoping-review-of-literature
#17
Blake Yale Boggenpoel, Stephan Nel, Susan Hanekom
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of periodized exercise prescription with patients in the context of rehabilitation. DATA SOURCE: The following databases were searched: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, PubMed, CINAHL, ScienceDirect, PEDro, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, SAGE and Google Scholar. Databases were searched from inception to March 2018. RESULTS: The literature search yielded 1772 articles with 1755 being excluded leaving 17 articles in total for the full review...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663387/muscarinic-and-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-agonists-current-scenario-in-alzheimer-s-disease-therapy
#18
REVIEW
Stuti Verma, Ashwini Kumar, Timir Tripathi, Awanish Kumar
OBJECTIVES: Alzheimer's disease (AD) has become the primary cause of dementia. It shows a progressive cognitive dysfunction with degenerating neurons. Acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) propagate the cognitive ability and it consists of two primary members namely muscarinic (mAChRs) and nicotinic receptors (nAChRs). Where mAChRs is G-protein coupled receptor, (nAChRs) are ligand-gated ion channels. The conventional therapeutic regimen for AD consists of three acetylcholinestearse inhibitors while a single NMDA receptor antagonist...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662962/the-relation-of-maternal-hypothyroidism-and-hypothyroxinemia-during-pregnancy-on-preterm-birth-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Marzieh Parizad Nasirkandy, Gholamreza Badfar, Masoumeh Shohani, Shoboo Rahmati, Mohammad Hossein YektaKooshali, Shamsi Abbasalizadeh, Ali Soleymani, Milad Azami
Background: The clinical consequences of hypothyroidism and hypothyroxinemia during pregnancy such as preterm birth are not still clear. Objective: The aim of this meta-analysis was to estimate the relation of clinical and subclinical hypothyroidism and hypothyroxinemia during pregnancy and preterm birth. Materials and Methods: In this meta-analysis, Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic review and Meta-Analysis were utilized. Searching the cohort studies were done by two researchers independently without any restrictions on Scopus, PubMed, Science Direct, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, Cochrane, EBSCO and Google Scholar databases up to 2017...
September 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662961/biopsychosocial-view-to-pseudocyesis-a-narrative-review
#20
REVIEW
Marzieh Azizi, Forouzan Elyasi
Background: Pseudocyesis is a psychopathological clinical syndrome in which a non-pregnant woman firmly believes herself to be pregnant and manifests many symptoms and signs of pregnancy. Although the exact etiology of pseudocyesis has not been determined. Objective: This study was conducted with the aim of assessing the biopsychosocial view to pseudocyesis. Materials and Methods: A comprehensive search in electronic databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Web of Science, and Scopus was conducted between 1943-2016 to retrieve pseudocyesis related articles...
September 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
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