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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822328/the-effects-of-haptic-input-on-biomechanical-and-neurophysiological-parameters-of-walking-a-scoping-review
#1
REVIEW
Alison R Oates, Laura Hauck, Renato Moraes, Kathryn M Sibley
Walking is an important component of daily life requiring sensorimotor integration to be successful. Adding haptic input via light touch or anchors has been shown to improve standing balance; however, the effect of adding haptic input on walking is not clear. This scoping review systematically summarizes the current evidence regarding the addition of haptic input on walking in adults. Following an established protocol, relevant studies were identified using indexed data bases (Medline, EMBASE, PsychINFO, Google Scholar) and hand searches of published review articles on related topics...
August 9, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822275/the-functionality-appreciation-scale-fas-development-and-psychometric-evaluation-in-u-s-community-women-and-men
#2
Jessica M Alleva, Tracy L Tylka, Ashley M Kroon Van Diest
Body functionality has been identified as an important dimension of body image that has the potential to be useful in the prevention and treatment of negative body image and in the enhancement of positive body image. Specifically, cultivating appreciation of body functionality may offset appearance concerns. However, a scale assessing this construct has yet to be developed. Therefore, we developed the Functionality Appreciation Scale (FAS) and examined its psychometric properties among three online community samples totalling 1042 women and men (ns=490 and 552, respectively)...
August 16, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822067/association-between-serum-osteocalcin-and-body-mass-index-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Hamed Kord-Varkaneh, Kurosh Djafarian, Masoud Khorshidi, Sakineh Shab-Bidar
PURPOSE: Osteocalcin is considered as a bone-derived hormone affecting on the body fat distribution and body mass index. Several cross-sectional studies have investigated the association between serum osteocalcin and body mass index. The aim of this study was to summarize the evidence on the relationship between serum osteocalcin and body mass index. METHODS: We conducted a complete search up to November 2016 in PubMed and SCOPUS and reviewed reference list of all relevant articles and reviews...
August 18, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820623/anticipating-loss-learning-to-live-with-my-father-s-cancer
#4
Emily T Cripe
In this article, I explore my experience living with my father's cancer diagnosis and treatment, as well as how it has affected our family. I discuss how this 12-year journey of living with cancer as a chronic illness has impacted my experience and how living with the anticipation of loss has shaped me. I reflect on the dialectical tension faced by families dealing with chronic cancer and the implications for how health communication scholars explore the impact of cancer on family members.
August 18, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819746/the-effects-of-resistance-exercise-training-on-anxiety-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
REVIEW
Brett R Gordon, Cillian P McDowell, Mark Lyons, Matthew P Herring
BACKGROUND: The salutary effects of resistance exercise training (RET) are well established, including increased strength and function; however, less is known regarding the effects of RET on mental health outcomes. Aerobic exercise has well-documented positive effects on anxiety, but a quantitative synthesis of RET effects on anxiety is needed. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the population effect size for resistance exercise training (RET) effects on anxiety and to determine whether variables of logical, theoretical, and/or prior empirical relation to anxiety moderate the overall effect...
August 17, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818748/association-of-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-gene-polymorphisms-with-body-mass-index-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Shahab-Aldin Akbarian, Amin Salehi-Abargouei, Makan Pourmasoumi, Roya Kelishadi, Parvaneh Nikpour, Motahar Heidari-Beni
BACKGROUND: Many studies with inconsistent results have assessed the association of Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene polymorphisms with prevalence of obesity and overweight. This review aims to provide a summary of the literature evaluating the relation between BDNF genotype and body mass index (BMI). METHODS: A systematic search through PubMed, Scopus, Science direct, Ovid and Cochrane was performed. We included observational studies with cross-sectional and case-control design, which investigated relationship between all kinds of BDNF polymorphisms with BMI, as a representative index of obesity and overweight...
August 14, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818727/neuroprotective-effects-of-plant-polysaccharides-a-review-of-the-mechanisms
#7
REVIEW
Qing-Han Gao, Xueyan Fu, Rui Zhang, Zhisheng Wang, Muzhen Guo
Polysaccharides are an important class of phytochemicals, and many studies have demonstrated their beneficial effects in the context of a number of pathologies including neurological disorders. Numerous studies have indicated that polysaccharides exhibit neuroprotection through a variety of mechanisms. We performed a comprehensive review of the literature to consolidate studies for the period 2010-2016, and assessed the protection mechanisms on brain function of polysaccharide-rich extracts from natural sources...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818509/the-use-of-high-flow-nasal-cannula-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#8
REVIEW
Katherine N Slain, Steven L Shein, Alexandre T Rotta
OBJECTIVES: To summarize the current literature describing high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) use in children, the components and mechanisms of action of a HFNC system, the appropriate clinical applications, and its role in the pediatric emergency department (ED). SOURCES: A computer-based search of PubMed/MEDLINE and Google Scholar for literature on HFNC use in children was performed. DATA SUMMARY: HFNC, a non-invasive respiratory support modality, provides heated and fully humidified gas mixtures to patients via a nasal cannula interface...
August 14, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818457/relationship-between-sleep-duration-and-childhood-obesity-systematic-review-including-the-potential-underlying-mechanisms
#9
R Felső, S Lohner, K Hollódy, É Erhardt, D Molnár
AIM: The prevalence of obesity is continually increasing worldwide. Determining risk factors for obesity may facilitate effective preventive programs. The present review focuses on sleep duration as a potential risk factor for childhood obesity. The aim is to summarize the evidence on the association of sleep duration and obesity and to discuss the underlying potential physiological and/or pathophysiological mechanisms. DATA SYNTHESIS: The Ovid MEDLINE, Scopus and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) databases were searched for papers using text words with appropriate truncation and relevant indexing terms...
July 25, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818090/trends-in-maternal-and-neonatal-mortality-in-south-africa-a-systematic-review-protocol
#10
Damian J Damian, Bernard Njau, Ester Lisasi, Sia E Msuya, Andrew Boulle
BACKGROUND: Measuring and monitoring progress towards Millennium Development Goals (MDG) 4 and 5 requires valid and reliable estimates of maternal and neonatal mortality. In South Africa, there are conflicting reports on the estimates of maternal and neonatal mortality, derived from both direct and indirect estimation techniques. This study aims to systematically review the estimates made of maternal and neonatal mortality in the period from 1990 to 2015 in South Africa and determine trends over this period...
August 17, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817981/the-use-of-flexible-intramedullary-nails-in-limb-lengthening
#11
Arnold Popkov, Patrick Foster, Alexander Gubin, Dmitry Borzunov, Dmitry Popkov
Lower and upper limb length discrepancy and deformity, congenital or acquired, are amongst the most common conditions in children for orthopaedic referral. Over the last twenty years, surgical techniques have evolved in an attempt to decrease Healing Index and minimise these complications. Areas covered: The flexible intramedullary nailing (FIN) is a minimally invasive intramedullary osteosynthesis. In combination with an external fixator, it is appropriated for pediatric bone lengthenings and lengthening of bones of small diameter in adults...
August 18, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817676/psychological-determinants-of-physical-activity-across-the-life-course-a-determinants-of-diet-and-physical-activity-dedipac-umbrella-systematic-literature-review
#12
Cristina Cortis, Anna Puggina, Caterina Pesce, Katina Aleksovska, Christoph Buck, Con Burns, Greet Cardon, Angela Carlin, Chantal Simon, Donatella Ciarapica, Giancarlo Condello, Tara Coppinger, Sara D'Haese, Marieke De Craemer, Andrea Di Blasio, Sylvia Hansen, Licia Iacoviello, Johann Issartel, Pascal Izzicupo, Lina Jaeschke, Martina Kanning, Aileen Kennedy, Fiona Chun Man Ling, Agnes Luzak, Giorgio Napolitano, Julie-Anne Nazare, Grainne O'Donoghue, Camille Perchoux, Tobias Pischon, Angela Polito, Alessandra Sannella, Holger Schulz, Rhoda Sohun, Astrid Steinbrecher, Wolfgang Schlicht, Walter Ricciardi, Loriana Castellani, Ciaran MacDonncha, Laura Capranica, Stefania Boccia
Low levels of physical activity (PA) are reported to contribute to the occurrence of non-communicable diseases over the life course. Although psychological factors have been identified as an important category concerning PA behavior, knowledge on psychological determinants of PA is still inconclusive. Therefore, the aim of this umbrella systematic literature review (SLR) was to summarize and synthesize the scientific evidence on psychological determinants of PA behavior across the life course. A systematic online search was conducted on MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, Scopus, and SPORTDiscus databases...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817639/impacts-of-forest-restoration-on-water-yield-a-systematic-review
#13
Solange Filoso, Maíra Ometto Bezerra, Katherine C B Weiss, Margaret A Palmer
BACKGROUND: Enhancing water provision services is a common target in forest restoration projects worldwide due to growing concerns over freshwater scarcity. However, whether or not forest cover expansion or restoration can improve water provision services is still unclear and highly disputed. PURPOSE: The goal of this review is to provide a balanced and impartial assessment of the impacts of forest restoration and forest cover expansion on water yields as informed by the scientific literature...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817628/effectiveness-of-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-in-the-prevention-of-primary-gastric-cancer-in-healthy-asymptomatic-people-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-comparing-risk-ratio-with-risk-difference
#14
Takeshi Seta, Yoshimitsu Takahashi, Yoshinori Noguchi, Satoru Shikata, Tatsuya Sakai, Kyoko Sakai, Yukitaka Yamashita, Takeo Nakayama
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection is strongly associated with gastric cancer occurrence. However, it is unclear whether eradication therapy reduces the risk of gastric cancer occurrence. We evaluated whether H. pylori eradication reduces the risk of primary gastric cancer by using both risk ratio (RR) and risk difference (RD). METHODS: Searches of PubMed, EMBASE, Google scholar, the Cochrane Library, and the Japan Medical Abstracts Society as well as those registered in databases of the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, metaRegister of Controlled Trials, ClinicalTrials...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817627/analysing-researchers-outreach-efforts-and-the-association-with-publication-metrics-a-case-study-of-kudos
#15
Mojisola Erdt, Htet Htet Aung, Ashley Sara Aw, Charlie Rapple, Yin-Leng Theng
With the growth of scholarly collaboration networks and social communication platforms, members of the scholarly community are experimenting with their approach to disseminating research outputs, in an effort to increase their audience and outreach. However, from a researcher's point of view, it is difficult to determine whether efforts to make work more visible are worthwhile (in terms of the association with publication metrics) and within that, difficult to assess which platform or network is most effective for sharing work and connecting to a wider audience...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817497/self-care-in-people-with-motor-neuron-disease-an-integrative-review
#16
Barbara Bassola, Maura Lusignani
INTRODUCTION: Self-care is a crucial aspect in the management of chronic diseases. People with motor neuron disease (MND) live with a chronic degenerative condition in rapid evolution, which leads them to high dependencies. During their illness, they must apply several behaviors including adherence to ventilation and nutritional therapy. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to systematically explore the concept of self-care for people with MND. METHOD: An integrative review of the literature has been conducted...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817430/beyond-citation-rates-a-real-time-impact-analysis-of-health-professions-education-research-using-altmetrics
#17
Lauren A Maggio, Holly S Meyer, Anthony R Artino
PURPOSE: To complement traditional citation-based metrics, which take years to accrue and indicate only academic attention, academia has begun considering altmetrics or alternative metrics, which provide timely feedback on an article's impact by tracking its dissemination via nontraditional outlets, such as blogs and social media, across audiences. This article describes altmetrics and examines altmetrics attention, outlets used, and top article characteristics for health professions education (HPE) research...
August 16, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817421/association-of-stop-bang-questionnaire-as-a-screening-tool-for-sleep-apnea-and-postoperative-complications-a-systematic-review-and-bayesian-meta-analysis-of-prospective-and-retrospective-cohort-studies
#18
Mahesh Nagappa, Jayadeep Patra, Jean Wong, Yamini Subramani, Mandeep Singh, George Ho, David T Wong, Frances Chung
BACKGROUND: The risk of postoperative complications increases with undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The high-risk OSA (HR-OSA) patients can be easily identified using the STOP-Bang screening tool. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to determine the association of postoperative complications in patients screened as HR-OSA versus low-risk OSA (LR-OSA). METHODS: The following data bases were searched from January 1, 2008, to October 31, 2016, to identify the eligible articles: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Databases of Systematic Reviews, Medline-in-Process & other nonindexed citations, Google Scholar, Embase, Web of Sciences and Scopus...
August 11, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817378/health-policy-making-for-street-children-challenges-and-strategies
#19
Fatemeh Abdi, Sara Esmaelzadeh Saeieh, Nasibeh Roozbeh, Mansoureh Yazdkhasti
Background The phenomenon of street children is a bio-psychological and social issue that not only harms children, but also endangers the health of a society. In line with the national programs for the development and promotion of street children's health in Iran, health policy making and essential strategies for this group of children will be presented in this paper. This paper will discuss the main issues and challenges of street children's health and, also, health policy and guidelines for this population...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816904/the-relationship-between-oref-grants-and-future-nih-funding-success
#20
Vishal Hegde, Daniel Johansen, Howard Y Park, Stephen D Zoller, Christopher Hamad, Nicholas M Bernthal
BACKGROUND: The Orthopaedic Research and Education Foundation (OREF) is the leading specialty-specific nongovernmental organization providing orthopaedic funding in the United States. As extramural research funding has become increasingly difficult to acquire, one mission of the OREF is to support investigators to generate data needed to secure larger extramural funding from agencies such as the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The objectives of this study were to evaluate the rate of translating OREF faculty-level grants into subsequent NIH funding and to determine if there are identifiable factors that increase the rate of converting an OREF grant into NIH funding...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
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