keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Scholar OR scopus OR mendeley

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908461/air-pollution-and-the-fetal-origin-of-disease-a-systematic-review-of-the-molecular-signatures-of-air-pollution-exposure-in-human-placenta
#1
REVIEW
Leen J Luyten, Nelly D Saenen, Bram G Janssen, Karen Vrijens, Michelle Plusquin, Harry A Roels, Florence Debacq-Chainiaux, Tim S Nawrot
BACKGROUND: Fetal development is a crucial window of susceptibility in which exposure-related alterations can be induced on the molecular level, leading to potential changes in metabolism and development. The placenta serves as a gatekeeper between mother and fetus, and is in contact with environmental stressors throughout pregnancy. This makes the placenta as a temporary organ an informative non-invasive matrix suitable to investigate omics-related aberrations in association with in utero exposures such as ambient air pollution...
June 13, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908409/heroism-and-nursing-a-thematic-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
Kathleen MacDonald, Jessica De Zylva, Margaret McAllister, Donna Lee Brien
OBJECTIVES: Nursing history is replete with examples of heroic individuals acting courageously to meet the needs of vulnerable patients and communities. Heroism exemplifies the pinnacle of self-actualised behaviour. It fuels the plots of countless human stories, and enthrals and inspires people. Yet, heroism may be seen as an extreme behaviour that only exceptional individuals are capable of enacting, and may thus be seen as out of reach for ordinary nurses, and something that could be risky to teach and disseminate...
June 8, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908308/efficacy-of-whole-cell-pneumococcal-vaccine-in-mice-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Mona Mohammadzadeh, Babak Pourakbari, Shima Mahmoudi, Abbas Keshtkar, Mahdi Habibi-Anbouhi, Setareh Mamishi
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) have significantly reduced the rate of invasive pneumococcal diseases through the use of vaccine serotypes, infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae remains a major public health hazard. Serotype-independent vaccines that are economically viable species of common protein antigens such as whole-cell vaccines (WCVs) are needed. Considering the ongoing debate about the effectiveness of WCVs, a systematic literature review and meta-analysis was carried out to determine the efficacy of WCVs against colonization in mice...
June 13, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908034/association-between-chewing-dysfunctions-and-temporomandibular-disorders-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Maria Carolina Ferreira, Isabela Porto de Toledo, Kamile Leonardi Dutra, Fabiane Miron Stefani, André Luís Porporatti, Carlos Flores-Mir, Graziela De Luca Canto
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is an umbrella condition presenting several signs and symptoms including pain in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and masticatory muscles, articular noises, earache, headache, irregular or restricted jaw function, chewing difficulty, and limited mouth opening. Such TMD impairment may cause disorders during the chewing process. Therefore, the purpose of this systematic review was to assess chewing dysfunctions measured by sEMG, and their association with TMD. A combination and variation of the descriptors "temporomandibular joint disorders", "masticatory dysfunctions", and electromyography were used to perform the searches across databases...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908027/factors-affecting-empathetic-patient-care-behaviour-among-medical-doctors-and-nurses-an-integrative-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Muntaha Elayyan, Janet Rankin, M W Chaarani
Background: Healthcare professionals' empathic behaviour is an important component of quality health care. Patients' reports suggest that empathy is often lacking. Specific factors that may facilitate or inhibit empathetic behaviour have not been extensively examined. In Qatar, empathy may be affected by a completely multicultural, multilinguistic setting where healthcare professionals and patients interact. Aim: The purpose of this integrative literature review is to provide the latest evidence on factors that influence the demonstration of empathetic behaviour of nurses and physicians toward patients and to draw general conclusions that increase understanding...
June 10, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907923/how-durable-are-ethnoracial-segregation-and-spatial-disadvantage-intergenerational-contextual-mobility-in-france
#6
Haley McAvay
Building on emerging research into intergenerational contextual mobility, I use longitudinal data from France (1990-2008) to investigate the extent to which second-generation immigrants and the French majority continue to live in similar neighborhood environments during childhood and adulthood. To explore the persistence of ethnoracial segregation and spatial disadvantage, I draw on two measures of neighborhood composition: the immigrant share and the unemployment rate. The analysis explores the individual and contextual factors underpinning intergenerational contextual mobility and variation across immigrant-origin groups...
June 15, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907742/nmda-antagonists-for-treating-the-non-motor-symptoms-in-parkinson-s-disease
#7
REVIEW
Brigitte Vanle, William Olcott, Jaime Jimenez, Luma Bashmi, Itai Danovitch, Waguih William IsHak
Among patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), depression is prevalent and disabling, impacting both health outcomes and quality of life. There is a critical need for alternative pharmacological methods to treat PD depression, as mainstream antidepressant drugs are largely ineffective in this population. Currently, there are no recommendations for the optimal treatment of PD neuropsychiatric symptoms. Given the dual antidepressant and anti-dyskinetic effects of ketamine and other N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists for PD, this review aims to examine the current evidence of NMDA antagonists for treating neuropsychiatric symptoms, including memantine, amantadine, ketamine, dizoclopine, and d-cycloserine...
June 15, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907579/a-mobile-revolution-for-healthcare-setting-the-agenda-for-bioethics
#8
Federica Lucivero, Karin R Jongsma
Mobile health (mHealth) is rapidly being implemented and changing our ways of doing, understanding and organising healthcare. mHealth includes wearable devices as well as apps that track fitness, offer wellness programmes or provide tools to manage chronic conditions. According to industry and policy makers, these systems offer efficient and cost-effective solutions for disease prevention and self-management. While this development raises many ethically relevant questions, so far mHealth has received only little attention in medical ethics...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907356/effect-of-vegetarian-diets-on-the-presentation-of-metabolic-syndrome-or-its-components-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Maria C Picasso, Jessica A Lo-Tayraco, Juselly M Ramos-Villanueva, Vinay Pasupuleti, Adrian V Hernandez
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Several studies have examined the effect of vegetarian diets (VD) on metabolic syndrome (MetS) or its components, but findings have been inconsistent. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies to assess the association between VD and MetS or its components (systolic blood pressure [SBP], diastolic blood pressure [DBP], fasting glucose triglycerides, waist circumference [WC], HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C)) in adults...
June 6, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907351/dietary-sodium-sodium-to-potassium-ratio-and-risk-of-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-nonlinear-dose-response-meta-analysis
#10
Ahmad Jayedi, Farnoosh Ghomashi, Mahdieh Sadat Zargar, Sakineh Shab-Bidar
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The association of high sodium intake with risk of stroke has been accepted. But considering the proposed J/U-shaped association between sodium intake and risk of all-cause mortality, the shape of the dose-response relationship has not been determined yet. This study aimed to test the dose-response association of dietary sodium and sodium-to-potassium ratio with risk of stroke in adults aged 18 years or older. METHODS: We performed a systematic search using PubMed and Scopus, from database inception up to October 2017...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907317/the-role-of-pharmacists-in-general-practice-a-realist-review
#11
REVIEW
Claire Anderson, Kevin Zhan, Matthew Boyd, Claire Mann
BACKGROUND: The review was carried out to inform the evaluation of the clinical pharmacists in general practice pilot scheme, a world leading initiative to improve health care delivery in England. Around 500 pharmacists are already working in general practice as part of the pilot, launched in July 2015. OBJECTIVES: The review attempts to explain the how pharmacists working in general practice is being implemented in the UK and beyond, what works well, what does not work so well and everything in-between...
June 12, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907265/soft-tissue-assessment-before-and-after-mandibular-advancement-or-setback-surgery-using-three-dimensional-images-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
C O Lisboa, M M Martins, A C O Ruellas, D M T P Ferreira, L C Maia, C T Mattos
The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the effects of mandibular advancement or setback surgery on the facial soft tissue assessed using three-dimensional images. An electronic search was performed in the MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Virtual Health Library (VHL), Web of Science, and OpenGrey databases. Inclusion criteria comprised studies that evaluated the soft tissues of adult patients before and after mandibular advancement or setback surgery using computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907240/effect-of-programmed-exercise-on-perceived-stress-in-middle-aged-and-old-women-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#13
REVIEW
Meletios P Nigdelis, Samuel J Martínez-Domínguez, Dimitrios G Goulis, Faustino R Pérez-López
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the effect of programmed exercise (PE), performed for at least six weeks, on perceived stress (PS) in middle aged and old women. METHODS: A structured search was carried out in PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Scielo, Web of Science and Scopus, from database inception through January 10, 2018, without language restriction. The US, UK, and Australian clinical trials databases were also searched. The search included a combination of the terms "programmed exercise", "perceived stress", "menopausal women" and "randomized controlled trial" (RCTs)...
August 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906916/randomizing-growing-networks-with-a-time-respecting-null-model
#14
Zhuo-Ming Ren, Manuel Sebastian Mariani, Yi-Cheng Zhang, Matúš Medo
Complex networks are often used to represent systems that are not static but grow with time: People make new friendships, new papers are published and refer to the existing ones, and so forth. To assess the statistical significance of measurements made on such networks, we propose a randomization methodology-a time-respecting null model-that preserves both the network's degree sequence and the time evolution of individual nodes' degree values. By preserving the temporal linking patterns of the analyzed system, the proposed model is able to factor out the effect of the system's temporal patterns on its structure...
May 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906531/association-between-matrix-metalloproteinase-family-gene-polymorphisms-and-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-29-studies
#15
REVIEW
Shubham Misra, Pumanshi Talwar, Amit Kumar, Pradeep Kumar, Ram Sagar, Deepti Vibha, Awadh K Pandit, Arti Gulati, Suman Kushwaha, Kameshwar Prasad
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke (IS) is a complex and devastating vascular disease that has become one of the leading causes of disability and mortality worldwide. Several studies have shown the association between matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family gene polymorphisms and IS. However, the results have been indecisive. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between Matrix Metalloproteinase gene polymorphisms and risk of IS. METHODS: A literature search for eligible candidate gene studies published before, 28 June 2017, was conducted in the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane and Google Scholar databases...
June 12, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906307/understanding-compound-interconnected-interacting-and-cascading-risks-a-holistic-framework
#16
Gianluca Pescaroli, David Alexander
In recent years, there has been a gradual increase in research literature on the challenges of interconnected, compound, interacting, and cascading risks. These concepts are becoming ever more central to the resilience debate. They aggregate elements of climate change adaptation, critical infrastructure protection, and societal resilience in the face of complex, high-impact events. However, despite the potential of these concepts to link together diverse disciplines, scholars and practitioners need to avoid treating them in a superficial or ambiguous manner...
June 15, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905986/bibliometric-analysis-of-100-most-cited-articles-on-oral-submucous-fibrosis
#17
Shailesh M Gondivkar, Sachin C Sarode, Amol R Gadbail, Rima S Gondivkar, Revant Chole, Gargi S Sarode
BACKGROUND: Citation analysis reflects the scientific recognition and influential performance of an article in the scientific community. The objective of this study was to identify and characterize the 100 most cited articles on oral submucous fibrosis (OSF). METHODS: A list of 100 most cited articles related to OSF was retrieved from the Science Citation Index-Expanded tool of Scopus database in May 2018.The articles were further reviewed, and basic information was recorded including the number of citations, citation density, journals, with its impact factor, category and quartile, publication year, authors, institution and country of origin, article type and level of evidence...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905785/healthcare-services-for-syrian-refugees-in-jordan-a-systematic-review
#18
R El Arab, M Sagbakken
Background: This review aims to explore the healthcare needs and access to healthcare services among Syrian refugees in Jordan. Furthermore, it identifies possible ways of responding to such needs within the framework of the structural challenges faced in this particular context. Methods: Through qualitative techniques, this study systematically reviewed nine articles identified in academic and international organizations' databases. Six articles are from scholarly sources, while three are published reports or commentary articles; thus, there are variations in methodological rigour...
June 13, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905389/mortality-in-bullous-pemphigoid-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-standardized-mortality-ratios
#19
Khalaf Kridin, Naama Schwartz, Arnon D Cohen, Shira Zelber-Sagi
There are inconsistent data on mortality rates in patients with bullous pemphigoid (BP). Trends in mortality in BP throughout the years are yet to be established. The aim of the present study was to study the mortality in BP patients relative to the general population and to estimate trends in standardized mortality over the past 30 years. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies in Medline, Embase and Scopus (1823-2017). Reference lists of included studies were also searched for eligible studies...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904998/effect-of-low-carbohydrate-diet-on-markers-of-renal-function-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Perdana Samekto Tyasnugroho Suyoto
Meta-analysis was conducted to clarify the effect of low carbohydrate diet (LCD) on renal function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). An extensive literature search was conducted on scientific databases including PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane Library until September 2017. Only controlled trials on human subjects written in English were included in this meta-analysis. Several markers of renal function were compared between subjects who adopted a LCD or control diet, including estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), creatinine clearance, urinary albumin, serum creatinine, and serum uric acid...
June 14, 2018: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
keyword
keyword
1822
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"