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Mental myths

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409339/ten-myths-about-work-addiction
#1
Mark D Griffiths, Zsolt Demetrovics, Paweł A Atroszko
Background and aims Research into work addiction has steadily grown over the past decade. However, the literature is far from unified and there has been much debate on many different issues. Aim and methods This paper comprises a narrative review and focuses on 10 myths about work addiction that have permeated the psychological literature and beyond. The 10 myths examined are (a) work addiction is a new behavioral addiction, (b) work addiction is similar to other behavioral addictions, (c) there are only psychosocial consequences of work addiction, (d) work addiction and workaholism are the same thing, (e) work addiction exclusively occurs as a consequence of individual personality factors, (f) work addiction only occurs in adulthood, (g) some types of work addiction are positive, (h) work addiction is a transient behavioral pattern related to situational factors, (i) work addiction is a function of the time spent engaging in work, and (j) work addiction is an example of overpathogizing everyday behavior and it will never be classed as a mental disorder in the DSM...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283983/psychiatry-between-glorification-and-stigmatization
#2
Alija Sutovic
In psychiatry, stigma means negative marking of the person only because s(he) has a diagnosis of mental disease, and usually this refers to schizophrenia. Stigmatization is related to prejudice, i.e. negative attitudes that are deeply rooted on false beliefs that schizophrenia cannot be treated. In principle, stigma is caused by combination of ignorance and fear which represents the basis of the creation of entrenched myths and prejudice. From a historical point of view, schizophrenia as a disease remains for public, one of the medical areas that are related to fear, a sense of discomfort, prejudice and avoidance...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279028/helping-smokers-quit-the-smoking-cessation-leadership-center-engages-behavioral-health-by-challenging-old-myths-and-traditions
#3
Steven A Schroeder, Brian Clark, Christine Cheng, Catherine B Saucedo
Smoking is much more common among persons with behavioral health conditions (mental illnesses and/or substance use disorders). Persons with these disorders are more likely to die from smoking-related causes than any other reason. Studies have shown that stopping smoking can improve mental health function, as well as improve outcomes for substance use disorders. Yet, for a variety of reasons, smoking cessation has not been integrated into the treatment of behavioral health conditions, and in many instances tobacco use was not only condoned but encouraged...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278777/seven-myths-of-memory
#4
REVIEW
Nicola S Clayton, Clive Wilkins
In this paper we highlight seven myths about memory, which centre around the fact that memories, as we experience them, are not only about the past, they are also prospective. Although episodic memory provides the template for future scenarios, it can be reassessed each time it is recalled, and in part is dependent on the sequence in which events unfold. We explore seven myths about memory, and the relationship between memory and experience. We refer to 'The Moustachio Quartet', a series of novels, which highlight themes and ideas relevant to our argument, and 'The Creatures in the Night', a picture book of paintings that explore the passage of time...
December 23, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183418/defending-psychiatry-or-defending-the-trivial-effects-of-therapeutic-interventions-a-citation-content-analysis-of-an-influential-paper
#5
I A Cristea, F Naudet
AIMS: Leucht et al. in 2012 described an overview of meta-analyses of the efficacy of medication in psychiatry and general medicine, concluding that psychiatric drugs were not less efficacious than other drugs. Our goal was to explore the dissemination of this highly cited paper, which combined a thought provoking message with a series of caveats. METHODS: We conducted a prospectively registered citation content analysis. All papers published before June 1st citing the target paper were independently rated by two investigators...
November 29, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131332/the-impact-of-rape-acknowledgment-on-survivor-outcomes-the-moderating-effects-of-rape-myth-acceptance
#6
Laura C Wilson, Amie R Newins, Susan W White
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about how rape acknowledgment relates to posttrauma functioning; recent research suggests the effect may depend on additional factors. In the current study, the moderating effect of rape myth acceptance (RMA) on the relationships between rape acknowledgment and mental health outcomes was examined. METHOD: A sample of 181 female rape survivors recruited from a university completed an online survey assessing RMA, rape acknowledgment, depression symptoms, and alcohol use...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084191/therapy-of-a-couple-with-a-bipolar-spouse
#7
Andrzej Witusik, Tadeusz Pietras
Qualitative analysis of therapy of a couple with a partner who has bipolar disorder is an important research paradigm in contemporary psychotherapy of mental disorders.The qualitative method of the study is important both from the cognitive point of view and for the evaluation of the therapeutic efficacy in the individual, idiographical aspect. AIM: The aim of the study is a qualitative analysis of the therapeutic process of a couple in which one partner suffers from bipolar affective disorder...
October 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072648/-mental-health-of-elderly-and-old-people-when-using-a-complete-dry-dental-prosthesis-myth-or-reality
#8
A K Iordanishvili
The study studied the ratio of 17 adults with complete loss of teeth and using complete removable acrylic dentures, to the disease, taking into account the degree of stability of dentures during chewing. To determine the type of patient's attitude toward the disease, a clinical test method was used to determine the type of attitude towards the disease, in which the clinical-psychological typology of patients' attitude to 'illness' was realized, which provides the possibility of determining one of the twelve types of response...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934907/the-use-of-assistive-technologies-after-stroke-is-debunking-the-myths-about-the-elderly
#9
Marija Tomšič, Barbara Domajnko, Melita Zajc
Background Through the concept of ageism, we highlight and explain how the society prejudices the elderly. WHO classifies 12 most common stereotypes pertaining to old age. Elderly people are being excluded from social life due to their chronological age rather than any actual reduced physical and/or mental ability. Some of these stereotypes are directly related to the (un)willingness and the ability of the elderly to use technology in everyday life. Objectives The study presented in this article aims to explain the phenomenon of technology use among elderly people who had had a stroke...
September 22, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876216/you-re-deaf-breaking-through-myths-for-effective-therapeutic-practice
#10
Teresa Crowe
Most mental health practitioners provide services to hearing clients and might be unprepared when a deaf individual requests services. The purpose of this article is to explore commonly held stereotypes and myths about deaf people and to provide guidance to clinicians who encounter deaf clients in their practices. Myths and stereotypes can affect the way clinicians perceive their clients' needs. This can lead to miscommunication, misunderstanding, and misinformation, which can harm the therapeutic relationship, thus making effective therapy unattainable...
July 2017: Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871846/traits-of-vulnerability-in-repetitive-sexual-assaults-of-mentally-disabled-people
#11
Elmas Shaqiri, Granit Shahu, Bledar Xhemali, Gentian Vyshka
The issue of sexual abuse, assault, rape and unwanted pregnancies among mentally disabled women is largely under-reported for many reasons. Several myths prevail including that mentally disabled women offer little interest to sexual predators, together with a negative public attitude and this contributes to the problem. We report the case of a single centre in Albania, where repetitive sexual assaults were perpetrated against three mentally disabled women. Three unwanted pregnancies followed. The issue gained public attention after three criminal abortions were performed secretly with the aim of covering up the story...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805197/family-of-a-person-suffering-from-schizophrenia-in-the-context-of-a-qualitative-approach-to-understanding-the-family-as-a-system
#12
Andrzej Witusik
Qualitative analysis of the family system including a person suffering from schizophrenia is an underestimated research paradigm in modern psychiatry, clinical psychology and psychotherapy. This method is important both from the cognitive point of view and for evaluation of the effectiveness of therapy. AIM: The aim of the study was a qualitative analysis of the therapeutic process in a family whose member is suffering from schizophrenic psychosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study of the process using qualitative research methodology in the paradigm of systemic thinking pointing to the mutual interactions in the family system inducing relapses in the identified patient, with identification of triangulation processes, transgenerational myths inheritance and coalitions formed by the family members...
July 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758765/ptsd-mental-illness-and-care-among-survivors-of-sexual-violence-in-northern-uganda-findings-from-the-ways-study
#13
Kennedy Amone-P'Olak, Ask Elklit, Sarah Bøgelund Dokkedahl
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have mainly considered war-affected youth as a homogenous group yet several subpopulations of war-affected youth, such as survivors of sexual violence, exist with unique mental health problems and treatment needs. This study aimed to assess posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), perceptions and meaning of mental illness, and access and barriers to mental health care among survivors of sexual violence. METHOD: Data were collected from survivors of sexual violence during war (N = 181) who are participants in the longitudinal War-Affected Youth Survey (WAYS) study in Northern Uganda...
July 31, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666562/emergency-medicine-myths-computed-tomography-of-the-head-prior%C3%A2-to-lumbar-puncture-in-adults-with-suspected-bacterial-meningitis-due-diligence-or-antiquated-practice
#14
Michael D April, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Various sources purport an association between lumbar puncture and brainstem herniation in patients with intracranial mass effect lesions. Several organizations and texts recommend head computed tomography (CT) prior to lumbar puncture in selected patients. OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence regarding the utility of obtaining head CT prior to lumbar puncture in adults with suspected bacterial meningitis. DISCUSSION: Observational studies report a risk of post-lumbar puncture brainstem herniation in the presence of intracranial mass effect (1...
September 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597854/decentralizing-provision-of-mental-health-care-in-sri-lanka
#15
Neil Fernando, Thirupathy Suveendran, Chithramalee de Silva
In the past, mental health services in Sri Lanka were limited to tertiary-care institutions, resulting in a large treatment gap. Starting in 2000, significant efforts have been made to reconfigure service provision and to integrate mental health services with primary health care. This approach was supported by significant political commitment to establishing island-wide decentralized mental health care in the wake of the 2004 tsunami. Various initiatives were consolidated in The mental health policy of Sri Lanka 2005-2015, which called for implementation of a comprehensive community-based, decentralized service structure...
April 2017: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529371/siva-the-mad-lord-a-puranic-perspective
#16
Ottilingam Somasundaram, Tejus Murthy
The eccentricities of Lord Shiva, especially His attire, behavior - particularly the midnight dance at the cremation grounds surrounded by various strange beings, fondness to remain naked, and love for strange pets such as snakes and fawn, have attracted the loving and devout attention from His various adiyargal (devotees). This has resulted in the outpouring of their love for their Lord in the form of Thevaram and Thiruvachakam of Sambandar, Appar, Sundarar, Karaikal Ammaiyar, and Manickavachakar. Along with these writings, the background Puranic myths are mentioned...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459272/a-longitudinal-study-of-the-aftermath-of-rape-among-rural-south-african-women
#17
Gail E Wyatt, Mashudu Davhana-Maselesele, Muyu Zhang, Lauren H Wong, Fiona Nicholson, Alissa Der Sarkissian, Lufuno Makhado, Hector F Myers
OBJECTIVE: Sexual assaults against women are a global health crisis, with alarmingly high rates in South Africa. However, we know very little about the circumstances and the aftermath of these experiences. Further, there is limited information about how factors specific to the rape (e.g., fighting back) versus those that are specific to the individual-and potentially modifiable-influence mental health outcomes. This study examined how situational characteristics of rape as well as individual and situational factors confer risk for symptoms of depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and dysfunctional sexual behavior at 12-month follow-up...
May 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419879/challenging-the-myth-of-right-nondominant-hemisphere-lessons-from-corticosubcortical-stimulation-mapping-in-awake-surgery-and-surgical-implications
#18
REVIEW
Tatiana Vilasboas, Guillaume Herbet, Hugues Duffau
For many years, the right hemisphere (RH) was considered as nondominant, especially in right-handers. In neurosurgical practice, this dogma resulted in the selection of awake procedure with language mapping only for lesions of the left dominant hemisphere. Conversely, surgery under general anesthesia (possibly with motor mapping) was usually proposed for right lesions. However, when objective neuropsychological assessments were performed, they frequently showed cognitive and behavioral deficits after brain surgery, even in the RH...
July 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377805/no-such-thing-as-mental-illness-critical-reflections-on-the-major-ideas-and-legacy-of-thomas-szasz
#19
EDITORIAL
Tony B Benning
Enfant terrible of psychiatry and widely known as one of its most indefatigable as well as iconoclastic critics, Thomas Szasz (1961-2012) had a prolific writing career that extended some 51 years beyond the publication of his first book, The Myth of Mental Illness, in 1961. This editorial identifies and critically discusses three major themes in Szasz's writings: his contention that there is no such thing as mental illness, his contention that individual responsibility is never compromised in those suffering from what is generally considered as mental illness, and his perennial interest in calling attention to the political nature of psychiatric diagnosis...
December 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261996/addressing-the-arguments-against-implementation-of-smoke-free-policies-in-psychiatric-facilities
#20
M Thomas, R Richmond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
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