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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234529/the-effectiveness-of-ureteric-metal-stents-in-malignant-ureteric-obstructions-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Panagiotis Kallidonis, Dimitrios Kotsiris, Francesco Sanguedolce, Panteleimon Ntasiotis, Evangelos Liatsikos, Athanasios Papatsoris
Objective: To review the literature on the effectiveness, safety and long-term patency of ureteric metal mesh stents (MSs), as a variety of MSs have been used for managing malignant ureteric obstruction over the last three decades. Materials and methods: A systematic review using the search string; Ureter∗ AND (stent OR endoprosthesis) AND metal∗ was conducted on PubMed, Scopus, Web of science and Cochrane Library online databases in May 2016. Prospective, retrospective, and comparative studies including MSs were included...
December 2017: Arab Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231958/medical-issues-in-playing-the-oboe-a-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Sofia Banzhoff, Maria Del Mar Ropero, Gabriele Menzel, Tatjana Salmen, Manfred Gross, Philipp P Caffier
Playing a musical instrument can affect physical and mental health. A literature review was conducted to determine the prevalence of health problems among oboists, which medical conditions can be caused or exacerbated by playing, whether oboe playing can be a protective factor, and whether recommendations are possible as to who should or should not play the oboe. Searches in 7 databases (Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, SocIndex, PsyIndex, Psychinfo) yielded a total of 950 studies; after exclusion of duplicates and those not meeting eligibility criteria, 37 articles were selected for final analysis...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231493/-a-new-textual-criticism-on-block-printed-edition-of-zhenjiu-dacheng-in-the-ming-dynasty
#3
Xiaoyang Yu, Junfeng Xu, Xuemin Shi
It has always been considered that Zhenjiu Dacheng (Compendium of Acupuncture and Moxibustion) printed by ZHAO Wenbing is the earliest version. In comparative study, it is found that there are two versions in the Ming dynasty, one is the original, stored in the Library of China Academy of Sciences and another one is the revision, stored in the Library of Tianjin University of TCM, Zhejiang Provincial Library and the Library of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences. The last item, Chengjiang (CV 24) in the Acupoint Indication of Conception Vessel in volume 7 is included in the revised edition, but not covered in the original one, which is the difference between the two versions...
February 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231356/-acupuncture-for-diarrhea-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Duoxi Deng, Kuikui Guo, Jie Tan, Guilan Huang, Shuai Li, Quanrui Jiang, Jiao Xie, Hui Xie, Zhiqi Zhang, Ying Chen, Liang Peng
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture on diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in the past five years. METHODS: Online databases, including CNKI, VIP, WANFANG, PubMed, CBM, ScienceDirect OnSite, Cochrane Library, etc. were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture for diarrhea-predominant IBS. Retrieval time was from January of 2011 to January of 2016. According to modified Jadad standard, the bias risk and quality assessment of each RCT included were evaluated by two researchers...
August 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229741/accuracy-of-blood-pressure-measurement-devices-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-validation-studies
#5
Natalie A Bello, Jonathan J Woolley, Kirsten Lawrence Cleary, Louise Falzon, Bruce S Alpert, Suzanne Oparil, Gary Cutter, Ronald Wapner, Paul Muntner, Alan T Tita, Daichi Shimbo
The accurate measurement of blood pressure (BP) in pregnancy is essential to guide medical decision making that affects both mother and fetus. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the accuracy of ambulatory, home, and clinic BP measurement devices in pregnant women. We searched Ovid MEDLINE, The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, CINAHL EBSCO, Clinicaltrials.gov, International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, and dabl from inception through August 3, 2017 for articles that assessed the validity of an upper arm BP measurement device against a mercury sphygmomanometer in pregnant women...
December 11, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223193/quality-indicators-for-evaluating-prehospital-emergency-care-a-scoping-review
#6
Ian Howard, Peter Cameron, Lee Wallis, Maaret Castren, Veronica Lindstrom
Introduction Historically, the quality and performance of prehospital emergency care (PEC) has been assessed largely based on surrogate, non-clinical endpoints such as response time intervals or other crude measures of care (eg, stakeholder satisfaction). However, advances in Emergency Medical Services (EMS) systems and services world-wide have seen their scope and reach continue to expand. This has dictated that novel measures of performance be implemented to compliment this growth. Significant progress has been made in this area, largely in the form of the development of evidence-informed quality indicators (QIs) of PEC...
December 10, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220427/steroid-but-not-biological-therapy-elevates-the-risk-of-venous-thromboembolic-events-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-meta-analysis
#7
Patricia Sarlos, Kata Szemes, Peter Hegyi, Andras Garami, Imre Szabo, Anita Illes, Margit Solymar, Erika Petervari, Aron Vincze, Gabriella Par, Judit Bajor, Jozsef Czimmer, Orsolya Huszar, Peter Varju, Nelli Farkas
Background and aim: Inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] is associated with 1.5- to 3-fold increased risk of venous thromboembolic events [VTE]. The aim of this study was to determine the risk of VTE in IBD as a complication of systemic corticosteroids and anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNFα] therapies. Methods: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted, which conforms to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses [PRISMA] statement...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219784/the-association-between-cartenoid-status-and-body-composition-in-children-2-18-years-of-age-a-systematic-review
#8
Jessica L Gust, John V Logomarsino
The aim of this review was to determine the association between carotenoid status and body composition in children 2 - 18 years of age. Obesity is often related to poor dietary habits and lower fruit and vegetable consumption in children. Fruit and vegetables are the primary sources of antioxidant-rich dietary carotenoids; decreased intake may lead to increased risk of chronic diseases. Identifying those with lower carotenoid status in childhood could be an important target for public health intervention. Research methods for the review were conducted using the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) checklist and the Central Michigan University library, via multiple scientific databases...
December 8, 2017: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217324/-medical-human-resources-planning-in-europe-a-literature-review-of-the-forecasting-models
#9
N Benahmed, D Deliège, A De Wever, M Pirson
BACKGROUND: Healthcare is a labor-intensive sector in which half of the expenses are dedicated to human resources. Therefore, policy makers, at national and internal levels, attend to the number of practicing professionals and the skill mix. This paper aims to analyze the European forecasting model for supply and demand of physicians. METHODS: To describe the forecasting tools used for physician planning in Europe, a grey literature search was done in the OECD, WHO, and European Union libraries...
December 4, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212464/sexual-dysfunction-and-mode-of-delivery-in-chinese-primiparous-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Dazhi Fan, Song Li, Wen Wang, Guo Tian, Li Liu, Song Wu, Xiaoling Guo, Zhengping Liu
BACKGROUND: Up to now, there is controversy over the effect of delivery mode cesarean delivery and spontaneous vaginal delivery on sexual function. Therefore, we did a systematic review and meta-analysis in postpartum women to explore the mode of delivery, cesarean delivery, and spontaneous vaginal delivery and differences in postpartum sexual function (short- and long-term) in Chinese primiparous women. METHODS: Comprehensive electronic searches of PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Elsevier Science Direct, Cochrane Library, the Chinese Biological Medical Literature database and the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database were conducted to identify any study in each database published to August 31, 2017...
December 6, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209213/traditional-and-current-food-use-of-wild-plants-listed-in-the-russian-pharmacopoeia
#11
REVIEW
Alexander N Shikov, Andrey N Tsitsilin, Olga N Pozharitskaya, Valery G Makarov, Michael Heinrich
Historically Russia can be regarded as a "herbophilious" society. For centuries the multinational population of Russia has used plants in daily diet and for self-medication. The specificity of dietary uptake of medicinal plants (especially those in the unique and highly developed Russian herbal medical tradition) has remained mostly unknown in other regions. Based on 11th edition of the State Pharmacopoeia of the USSR, we selected 70 wild plant species which have been used in food by local Russian populations...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206399/association-between-structural-and-functional-brain-alterations-in-drug-free-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-multimodal-meta-analysis
#12
Xin Gao, Wenjing Zhang, Li Yao, Yuan Xiao, Lu Liu, Jieke Liu, Siyi Li, Bo Tao, Chandan Shah, Qiyong Gong, John Sweeney, Su Lui
Background: Neuroimaging studies have shown both structural and functional abnormalities in patients with schizophrenia. Recently, studies have begun to explore the association between structural and functional grey matter abnormalities. By conducting a meta­-analysis on morphometric and functional imaging studies of grey matter alterations in drug-free patients, the present study aims to examine the degree of overlap between brain regions with anatomic and functional changes in patients with schizophrenia...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204670/polymyxin-b-immobilized-hemoperfusion-and-mortality-in-critically-ill-adult-patients-with-sepsis-septic-shock-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Tomoko Fujii, Riki Ganeko, Yuki Kataoka, Toshi A Furukawa, Robin Featherstone, Kent Doi, Jean-Louis Vincent, Daniela Pasero, René Robert, Claudio Ronco, Sean M Bagshaw
PURPOSE: Polymyxin B-immobilized hemoperfusion (PMX-HP) is an adjuvant therapy for sepsis or septic shock that clears circulating endotoxin. Prior trials have shown that PMX-HP improves surrogate endpoints. We aimed to conduct an evidence synthesis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of PMX-HP in critically ill adult patients with sepsis or septic shock. METHODS: We searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, the Health Technology Assessment Database, CINAHL, "Igaku Chuo Zasshi", the National Institute of Health Clinical Trials Register, the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, the University Hospital Medical Information Network Clinical Trials Registry, the reference lists of retrieved articles, and publications by manufacturers of PMX-HP...
December 4, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197987/surgery-in-adenomyosis
#14
Marco Aurelio Pinho Oliveira, Claudio Peixoto Crispi, Leila Cristina Brollo, Claudio Peixoto Crispi, Rudy Leon De Wilde
INTRODUCTION: Adenomyosis is defined as the presence of endometrial glands and stroma within the myometrium. The true prevalence is unknown and has been reported to range from 1 to 70%. It has a significantly negative impact on women's quality of life, causing abnormal uterine bleeding, dysmenorrhea, and chronic pelvic pain. The definitive treatment for adenomyosis is hysterectomy, although it does not contemplate patients who wish to preserve their fertility. The aim of this paper is to discuss the latest evidence on the surgical techniques for the treatment of adenomyosis published in medical-scientific databases...
December 2, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197489/no-279-female-sexual-health-consensus-clinical-guidelines
#15
John Lamont, Krisztina Bajzak, Céline Bouchard, Margaret Burnett, Sandra Byers, Trevor Cohen, William Fisher, Stephen Holzapfel, Vyta Senikas
OBJECTIVE: To establish national guidelines for the assessment of women's sexual health concerns and the provision of sexual health care for women. EVIDENCE: Published literature was retrieved through searches of PubMed, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library from May to October 2010, using appropriate controlled vocabulary (e .g., sexuality, "sexual dysfunction," "physiological," dyspareunia) and key words (e .g ., sexual dysfunction, sex therapy, anorgasmia). Results were restricted, where possible, to systematic reviews, randomized control trials/controlled clinical trials, and observational studies...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192733/systematic-review-lack-of-evidence-for-the-success-of-revision-arthroplasty-outcome-in-younger-patients
#16
Marloes W J L Schmitz, Carla Timmer, Gerjon Hannink, Berend W Schreurs
INTRODUCTION: Total hip arthroplasties (THAs) in younger patients are becoming increasingly popular. However, the outcome of subsequent revisions in younger patients is not well known and, therefore, their success (subsequent revision prosthesis survival) might be overestimated. We investigated available data on the outcome of primary- and subsequent revision THAs performed in the same cohort of patients who underwent primary THA under the age of 50. METHODS: Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Library (CENTRAL) were searched up until April 13, 2016 for studies that reported both the survival of primary and subsequent revisions THA of single cohorts of patients younger than 50...
December 1, 2017: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191519/opisthorchis-felineus-infection-prevalence-in-western-siberia-a-review-of-russian-literature
#17
REVIEW
Olga S Fedorova, Marina M Fedotova, Tatiana S Sokolova, Ekaterina A Golovach, Yulia V Kovshirina, Tatiana S Ageeva, Anna E Kovshirina, Olga S Kobyakova, Ludmila M Ogorodova, Peter Odermatt
In this study we reviewed Russian scientific literature (scientific publications, book chapters, monographs) published between 1 January 1979 and 31 August 2015 from two sources: Main database of the Russian Scientific Electronic Library (eLIBRARY, http://elibrary.ru/), and the Scientific Medical Library of Siberian State Medical University (http://medlib.tomsk.ru/). Specifically, the review details the infection prevalence of Opisthorchis felineus (O. felineus) in Western Siberia, Russian Federation. From the primary key words screening, 1591 records were identified from which 32 Russian-language publications were relevant...
November 27, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191009/prediction-of-broad-spectrum-pathogen-attachment-to-coating-materials-for-biomedical-devices
#18
Paulius Mikulskis, Andrew L Hook, Adam Dundas, Derek J Irvine, Olutoba Sanni, Daniel G Anderson, Robert Langer, Morgan Russell Alexander, Paul Williams, David A Winkler
Bacterial infections in healthcare settings are a frequent accompaniment to both routine procedures such as catheterization and surgical site interventions. Their impact is becoming even more marked as the numbers of medical devices that are used to manage chronic health conditions and improve quality of life increases. The resistance of pathogens to multiple antibiotics is also increasing, adding an additional layer of complexity to the problems of employing safe and effective medical procedures. One approach to reducing the rate of infections associated with implanted and indwelling medical devices is the use of polymers that resist the formation of bacterial biofilms...
December 1, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190871/-fifty-years-of-services-of-biomedical-information-in-health-documentation-centers-in-puebla-mexico
#19
Rafael Eduardo Culebro-Trujillo, Enrique López-Cancino, Arturo García-Villaseñor, Carlos José Montiel-Jarquín, Rodolfo Gregorio Barragán-Hervella, Gerardo López-Cázares, María Del Socorro Romero-Figueroa
Librarian and information services focused on supporting research, teaching, and health care are vital for the generation of new knowledge and its application in health care, both by staff and students, helps to improve the quality of medical care. Therefore, in this article we expose an historical and social tour of 50 years of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social's library services in Puebla. From 1964 to 2014 occurred many events in the development of these services in our area, from the creation of a small space in the basement, to the implementation of spaces created deliberately to provide dignified service to all users, which is why this historical sketch is here as an acknowledgement to the first librarians who contributed to the training of specialists in Mexico...
November 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190791/can-self-testing-increase-hiv-testing-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Ci Zhang, Xianhong Li, Mary-Lynn Brecht, Deborah Koniak-Griffin
BACKGROUND: Globally, four out of ten individuals living with HIV have not been tested for HIV. Testing is especially important for men who have sex with men (MSM), among whom an increasing HIV epidemic has been identified in many regions of the world. As a supplement to site-based HIV testing services, HIV self-testing (HIVST) provides a promising approach to promote HIV testing. However, evidence is scattered and not well-summarized on the effect of HIVST to improve HIV testing behaviors, especially for MSM...
2017: PloS One
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