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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656488/importance-of-coverage-and-quality-for-impact-of-nutrition-interventions-delivered-through-an-existing-health-programme-in-bangladesh
#1
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Edward A Frongillo, Tina Sanghvi, Sunny S Kim, Silvia Alayon, Lan Mai Tran, Zeba Mahmud, Bachera Aktar, Purnima Menon
Understanding implementation of interventions is critical to illuminate if, how, and why the interventions achieve impact. Alive & Thrive integrated a nutrition intervention into an existing maternal, neonatal, and child health (MNCH) programme in Bangladesh, documenting improvements in women's micronutrient supplement intake and dietary diversity. Here, we examined how well the nutrition intervention was implemented and which elements of implementation explained intervention impact. Survey data were collected in 2015 and 2016 from frontline health workers (FLW) and households in areas randomized to nutrition-focused MNCH (intensified interpersonal counselling, community mobilization, distribution of free micronutrient supplements, and weight-gain monitoring) or standard MNCH (antenatal care with standard nutrition counselling)...
April 14, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653169/nanoencapsulation-of-lemon-essential-oil-in-chitosan-hicap-system-part-1-study-on-its-physical-and-structural-characteristics
#2
Shirin Hasani, Seyed Mahdi Ojagh, Mohammad Ghorbani
Lemon essential oils (LEOs) as a bioactive compound with health beneficial potential are used as safe additives in foods, medicine and nutritional supplements. However, it is a chemical compound which is sensitive to light, thermal condition and oxidation. To overcome these challenge encapsulation could be an adequate technique to protect them from degradation and evaporation. In this study, nanocapsules based on chitosan (CS) and modified starch (Hicap) with LEOs as an active ingredient was prepared by freeze-drying...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652981/-metabolic-syndrome-in-hiv-patients-an-opportunity-for-nutritional-supplementation
#3
Wendy Valdivia-Caramantín, Julca Malca, Edward Mezones-Holguín
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652839/selenium-rich-ricegrass-juice-improves-antioxidant-properties-and-nitric-oxide-inhibition-in-macrophage-cells
#4
Rattanamanee Chomchan, Panupong Puttarak, Adelheid Brantner, Sunisa Siripongvutikorn
Ricegrass juice ( Oryza sativa L.) was introduced as a functional food as the consumption of sprouts or seedlings has been claimed to provide high nutritive value. Selenium (Se) is a trace mineral that plays a key role in the human antioxidation scheme. Supplementation of Se into plants is one strategy to enhance plant bioactivities, and the consumption of Se plant foods may confer superior health benefits. In this study, ricegrass juice extract was analyzed for its major phenolic components. The effect of ricegrass juice extracts bio-fortified with 0, 10 and 40 mg Se/L named as RG0, RG10, and RG40, respectively, were investigated for a percentage of cell viability, changes of endogenous antioxidant enzymes, lipid peroxidation, and nitric oxide inhibition in RAW264...
April 13, 2018: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652436/quick-changes-of-milk-fatty-acids-after-inclusion-or-suppression-of-linseed-oil-in-the-diet-of-goats
#5
Pilar Gómez-Cortés, Alfonso Cívico, Miguel Angel de la Fuente, Nieves Núñez Sánchez, Manuela Juárez, Francisco Peña Blanco, Andrés L Martínez Marín
BACKGROUND: Lipid supplementation of ruminant diet is an excellent tool to improve the nutritional quality of dairy fat. The purpose of this research was to monitor in detail the goat milk fatty acid (FA) profile during the first 24 h after linseed oil (LO) supplementation or suppression in the diet. Particular emphasis was placed in the changes of FA with bioactive properties. Milk fat was analysed by gas chromatography from milkings at 0, 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 h after diet shift. RESULTS: The α-linolenic acid levels increased 12 h after LO incorporation in the diet and decreased 3 h after oil suppression...
April 13, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651922/prior-exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-associated-with-less-hiv-testing-among-young-women
#6
Yukiko Washio, Elizabeth Novack Wright, Annet Davis-Vogel, Jesse Chittams, Claire Anagnostopulos, Linda M Kilby, Anne M Teitelman
Low-income minority women are disproportionately represented among those living with HIV in the United States. They are also at risk for the SAVA (substance abuse, violence, and HIV/AIDS) syndemic issues. Women who have recently given birth are at high risk for substance use and intimate partner violence (IPV), and HIV testing is not routinely administered during the postpartum visit. We explored the relationship between substance use, IPV, and HIV testing among low-income young adult women attending Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), a federally supported nutrition program...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651322/management-of-frailty-at-individual-level-clinical-management-systematic-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Gregor Veninšek, Branko Gabrovec
Introduction: To deliver quality management of a frail individual, a clinician should understand the concept of frailty, be aware of its epidemiology and be able to screen for frailty and assess it when it is present, and, finally, to recommend successful interventions. Methodology: A systematic literature search was conducted in the following databases: PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, Cinahl and UpToDate. The criterion in selecting the literature was that articles were published in the period from 2002 to 2017...
June 2018: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650459/examining-the-feasibility-of-healthy-minimum-stocking-standards-for-small-food-stores
#8
Allison Karpyn, Robin S DeWeese, Jennifer E Pelletier, Melissa N Laska, Punam Ohri-Vachaspati, Amy Deahl-Greenlaw, Ogheneruona Ughwanogho, Stephanie Bell Jilcott Pitts
OBJECTIVE: In response to recent national efforts to increase the availability of healthy food in small stores, we sought to understand the extent to which small food stores could implement the newly published Healthy Small Store Minimum Stocking Recommendations and reflect on the new US Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service's final rule for stocking of staple foods for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-approved retailers. DESIGN: We collected qualitative and quantitative data from 57 small stores in four states (Arizona, Delaware, Minnesota, and North Carolina) that accepted Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program but not Special Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program for Women, Infants, and Children benefits...
April 9, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650340/longitudinal-evaluation-of-efficacy-safety-and-nutritional-status-during-one-year-treatment-with-the-duodenal-jejunal-bypass-liner
#9
Nina Riedel, Katharina Laubner, Anne Lautenbach, Gerhard Schön, Matthias Schlensak, Rainer Stengel, Thomas Eberl, Frank Dederichs, Jens Aberle, Jochen Seufert
BACKGROUND: The endoscopic duodenal-jejunal bypass liner (DJBL) represents a novel temporary endoscopic approach for treatment of obesity-associated type 2 diabetes. Recent results from the German DJBL registry confirmed substantial positive metabolic effects of the DJBL in type 2 diabetes. However, the last Food and Drug Administration trial was stopped due to a high occurrence of hepatic abscesses (3.5%). OBJECTIVES: Here, we analyzed time courses of development of co-morbidities, nutritive changes, and occurrence of adverse events during the 1-year treatment phase with the DJBL in the German DJBL registry...
March 9, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649273/do-all-infants-need-vitamin-d-supplementation
#10
Ane Cristina Fayão Almeida, Francisco José Albuquerque de Paula, Jacqueline Pontes Monteiro, Carlos Alberto Nogueira-de-Almeida, Luiz Antonio Del Ciampo, Davi Casale Aragon, Ivan Savioli Ferraz
A high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (VDD) in children has been observed worldwide, but there are few studies on the nutritional status of vitamin D (VD) in healthy infants. The main cause of deficiency in healthy children is breastfeeding without supplementation and lack or insufficiency of sun exposure. The aims of this study were to determine serum concentrations of 25(OH)D and verify its association with parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations and use of VD supplementation in healthy infants aged ≥ 6 to ≤ 24 months attended at two Primary Health Care Units in Ribeirão Preto city, São Paulo, Brazil...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649182/applications-of-microalgal-biotechnology-for-disease-control-in-aquaculture
#11
REVIEW
Patai Charoonnart, Saul Purton, Vanvimon Saksmerprome
Aquaculture industries, and in particular the farming of fish and crustaceans, are major contributors to the economy of many countries and an increasingly important component in global food supply. However, the severe impact of aquatic microbial diseases on production performance remains a challenge to these industries. This article considers the potential applications of microalgal technology in the control of such diseases. At the simplest level, microalgae offer health-promoting benefits as a nutritional supplement in feed meal because of their digestibility and high content of proteins, lipids and essential nutrients...
April 12, 2018: Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648479/dietary-intervention-and-health-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#12
Marília Cristina Santos de Medeiros, Jussara Cristina Alves Medeiros, Humberto Jefferson de Medeiros, José Carlos Gomes de Carvalho Leitão, Maria Irany Knackfuss
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the scientific evidence of dietary intervention, either through diet or supplementation, and its effects on the health of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted using Scopus, PubMed, BioMed Central and Science Direct databases. The terms used for the search were diet, nutritional support, nutrition therapy and systemic lupus erythematosus. RESULTS: Eleven studies with interventions related to supplementation of omega-3 fatty acids, vitamin D and turmeric, as well as changes in diet composition, such as low glycaemic index diet were identified...
April 12, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644468/-pharmacological-treatment-of-osteoarthritis-related-pain
#13
REVIEW
T A Nees, M Schiltenwolf
Joint pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) is often severe and disabling and affects a large proportion of the aging population impairing daily living and quality of life. Numerous pharmacological treatment approaches are available. Including major OA guidelines this review presents the current evidence of pharmacological therapies in OA-related pain and covers topical, oral and intraarticular treatment approaches. In patients with mild OA topical nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can be recommended...
April 11, 2018: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643159/role-of-iodine-containing-multivitamins-during-pregnancy-for-children-s-brain-function-protocol-of-an-ongoing-randomised-controlled-trial-the-swiddich-study
#14
Sofia Manousou, Birgitta Johansson, Anna Chmielewska, Janna Eriksson, Kerstin Gutefeldt, Carl-Johan Tornhage, Robert Eggertsen, Helge Malmgren, Lena Hulthen, Magnus Domellöf, Helena Nystrom Filipsson
INTRODUCTION: Iodine is essential for normal brain development. Moderate and severe fetal iodine deficiency results in substantial to serious developmental delay in children. Mild iodine deficiency in pregnancy is associated with neurodevelopmental deficits in the offspring, but evidence from randomised trials is lacking. The aim of the Swedish Iodine in Pregnancy and Development in Children study is to determine the effect of daily supplementation with 150 µg iodine during pregnancy on the offspring's neuropsychological development up to 14 years of age...
April 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643029/-a-machine-learning-model-based-on-initial-gut-microbiome-data-for-predicting-changes-of-bifidobacterium-after-prebiotics-consumption
#15
Yue-Mei Luo, Fei-Tong Liu, Mu-Xuan Chen, Wen-Li Tang, Yue-Lian Yang, Xi-Lan Tan, Hong-Wei Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of prebiotics supplementation for 9 days on gut microbiota structure and function and establish a machine learning model based on the initial gut microbiota data for predicting the variation of Bifidobacterium after prebiotic intake. METHODS: With a randomized double-blind self-controlled design, 35 healthy volunteers were asked to consume fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) or galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) for 9 days (16 g per day)...
March 20, 2018: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642965/host-symbiont-pathogen-interactions-in-blood-feeding-parasites-nutrition-immune-cross-talk-and-gene-exchange
#16
Filip Husnik
Animals are common hosts of mutualistic, commensal and pathogenic microorganisms. Blood-feeding parasites feed on a diet that is nutritionally unbalanced and thus often rely on symbionts to supplement essential nutrients. However, they are also of medical importance as they can be infected by pathogens such as bacteria, protists or viruses that take advantage of the blood-feeding nutritional strategy for own transmission. Since blood-feeding evolved multiple times independently in diverse animals, it showcases a gradient of host-microbe interactions...
April 12, 2018: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629028/effects-of-glutathione-s-transferase-gst-m1-and-t1-polymorphisms-on-antioxidant-vitamins-and-oxidative-stress-related-parameters-in-korean-subclinical-hypertensive-subjects-after-kale-juice-brassica-oleracea-acephala-supplementation
#17
Hye-Jin Lee, Jeong-Hwa Han, Yoo Kyoung Park, Myung-Hee Kang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Glutathione s-transferase ( GST ) is involved in the formation of a multigene family comprising phase II detoxification enzymes, involved in the detoxification of reactive oxygen species. This study evaluated whether daily supplementation with kale juice could modulate levels of plasma antioxidant vitamins and oxidative stress-related parameters. We further examined whether this modulation was affected by combined GSTM1 and T1 polymorphisms. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Totally, 84 subclinical hypertensive patients having systolic blood pressure (BP) over 130 mmHg or diastolic BP over 85 mmHg, received 300 mL of kale juice daily for 6 weeks...
April 2018: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627730/determination-of-cobalt-species-in-nutritional-supplements-using-icp-oes-after-microwave-assisted-extraction-and-solid-phase-extraction
#18
Magdalena Bartosiak, Krzysztof Jankowski, Jacek Giersz
Cobalt content (as vitamin B12 and inorganic cobalt) in two nutritional supplements, namely Spirulina platensis and Saccharomyces cerevisiae known as a "superfood", has been determined using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). Several sample pre-treatment protocols have been applied and compared. Microwave-assisted acid digestion efficiently decomposed all cobalt-containing compounds, thus allowed obtaining total cobalt content in supplements examined. Vitamin B12 was extracted from the samples with acetate buffer and potassium cyanide solution exposed to mild microwave radiation for 30 min, and cyanocobalamin was separated from the extract by on-column solid phase extraction using C-18 modified silica bed...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627385/regulation-of-yeast-fatty-acid-desaturase-in-response-to-iron-deficiency
#19
Antonia María Romero, Tania Jordá, Nicolas Rozès, María Teresa Martínez-Pastor, Sergi Puig
Unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) are essential components of phospholipids that greatly contribute to the biophysical properties of cellular membranes. Biosynthesis of UFAs relies on a conserved family of iron-dependent fatty acid desaturases, whose representative in the model yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is Ole1. OLE1 expression is tightly regulated to adapt UFA biosynthesis and lipid bilayer properties to changes in temperature, and in UFA or oxygen availability. Despite iron deficiency being the most extended nutritional disorder worldwide, very little is known about the mechanisms and the biological relevance of fatty acid desaturases regulation in response to iron starvation...
April 5, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622214/nutritional-analysis-of-spirulina-dietary-supplements-optimization-procedure-of-ultrasound-assisted-digestion-for-multielemental-determination
#20
Bárbara D Neher, Silvana M Azcarate, José M Camiña, Marianela Savio
Arthrospira platensis and Arthrospira maxima are a type of blue-green microalga used as a dietary supplement (Spirulina). A low time-consuming ultrasound-assisted digestion (UAD) of Spirulina supplements for multielemental determination by microwave induced plasma atomic emission spectrometry (MPAES) was performed. Several parameters such as acid concentration (AC), thermostated water bath (TWB), digestion time (DT) and UAD - probe or bath - affecting the digestion process were evaluated through a full factorial design...
August 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
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