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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245124/bisphenol-and-phthalate-concentrations-and-its-determinants-among-pregnant-women-in-a-population-based-cohort-in-the-netherlands-2004-5
#1
Elise M Philips, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Alexandros G Asimakopoulos, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Eric A P Steegers, Susana Santos, Leonardo Trasande
BACKGROUND: Exposure to bisphenols and phthalates in pregnancy may lead to adverse health effects in women themselves and their offspring. OBJECTIVE: To describe first trimester bisphenol and phthalate urine concentrations, including bisphenol and phthalate replacements, and determine nutritional, socio-demographic and lifestyle related determinants. METHODS: In a population-based prospective cohort of 1396 mothers, we measured first trimester bisphenol, phthalate and creatinine urine concentrations (samples collected in 2004-2005, median gestational age 12...
December 12, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244104/-if-it-s-issues-to-do-with-nutrition%C3%A2-i-can-decide%C3%A2-gendered-decision-making-in-joining-community-based-child-nutrition-interventions-within-rural-coastal-kenya
#2
Kelly W Muraya, Caroline Jones, James A Berkley, Sassy Molyneux
Gender roles and relations play an important role in child health and nutritional status. While there is increasing recognition of the need to incorporate gender analysis in health planning and programme development, there has been relatively little attention paid to the gendered nature of child nutrition interventions. This qualitative study undertaken in rural Coastal Kenya aimed to explore the interaction between household gender relations and a community-based child nutrition programme, with a focus on household decision-making dynamics related to joining the intervention...
December 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243005/efficacy-and-safety-outcomes-in-vitamin-d-supplement-users-in-the-fingolimod-phase-3-trials
#3
Kira Hongell, Diego G Silva, Shannon Ritter, Daniela Piani Meier, Merja Soilu-Hänninen
BACKGROUND: Low serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D have been associated with worse outcomes in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients treated with interferon-beta. Association of vitamin D nutrition on the outcomes of other MS therapies has been studied less. OBJECTIVE: Whether patients in the phase 3 fingolimod trials using vitamin D supplements have better clinical, MRI and safety outcomes than non-users. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pooled data from phase 3 FREEDOMS trials was analyzed post hoc...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239791/in%C3%A2-vitro-flowering-in-oldenlandia-umbellata-l
#4
Shuvra Kanta Behera, Chandrasekaran Rajasekaran, S Payas, Devanand P Fulzele, C George Priya Doss, Ramamoorthy Siva
BACKGROUND: Oldenlandia umbellata L. (Indian madder) is an antique Ayurvedic Indian herb and a source of various anthraquinone derivatives. The red dye from its roots has been used in diverse applications since ancient times. OBJECTIVES: To establish reliable and effective protocols for in vitro flowering of O. umbellata. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For in vitro flowering, organogenic calli were subcultured onto Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with various concentrations of Naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) (0...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239176/development-of-betalain-producing-callus-lines-from-colored-quinoa-varieties-chenopodium-quinoa-willd
#5
Paula Henarejos-Escudero, Berenice Guadarrama-Flores, M Alejandra Guerrero-Rubio, Luz Rayda Gómez-Pando, Francisco García-Carmona, Fernando Gandía-Herrero
Betalains are water soluble plant pigments of hydrophilic nature with promising bioactive potential. Among the scarce edible sources of betalains is the grain crop quinoa (Chenopodim quinoa Willd), with violet, red, and yellow grains being colored by these pigments. In this work callus cultures have been developed from differently colored plant varieties. Stable callus lines exhibited color and pigment production when maintained on Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with the plant growth regulators 6-benzylaminopurine (8...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236569/lactation-advice-through-texting-can-help-an-analysis-of-intensity-of-engagement-via-two-way-text-messaging
#6
J L Martinez-Brockman, N Harari, R Pérez-Escamilla
Rates of breastfeeding initiation and duration among women who attend the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) are dramatically lower than nonparticipants. Innovative solutions are needed to improve breastfeeding rates in this population. The Lactation Advice through Texting Can Help (LATCH) study was one such approach, designed to augment and reinforce the WIC breastfeeding peer counseling process. The purpose of the present study was to examine engagement via two-way text messaging in a sample of women attending the WIC breastfeeding peer counseling program and enrolled in LATCH...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235046/efficiency-of-nitrogen-metabolism-in-beef-cattle-grazing-pasture-and-supplemented-with-different-protein-levels-in-the-rainy-season
#7
Renata Pereira da Silva-Marques, Joanis Tilemahos Zervoudakis, Luciana Keiko Hatamoto-Zervoudakis, Pedro Ivo José Lopes da Rosa E Silva, Núbia Bezerra do Nascimento Matos, Andresa Lazzarotto Feliciano, Rones Goulart de Paula Júnior, Luciano da Silva Cabral
Supplementation of animals in the rainy season is essential to maximise weight gain. Thus, the objective was to evaluate the effects of supplementation with low-, medium- and high-protein levels on nutritional parameters of grazing beef cattle in the rainy season. Eight rumen-cannulated Nellore bulls (437 kg body weight) were used in a 4 × 4 double Latin square design with four supplements and four experimental periods. The treatments were mineral supplement (ad libitum) and supplements with low-protein (LPSU), medium-protein (MPS) and high-protein (HPS) levels, providing 106, 408 and 601 g/day of crude protein (CP), respectively...
December 12, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235012/implications-of-celiac-disease-among-patients-undergoing-gastric-bypass
#8
Lindsey M Freeman, Andrew T Strong, Gautam Sharma, Suriya Punchai, John H Rodriguez, Donald F Kirby, Matthew Kroh
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgery is generally safe and effective, but co-existing malabsorptive processes may increase the risk of complications or nutritional deficiencies. Bariatric surgery has not been well studied in the setting of pre-existing celiac disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) from January 2002 to December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed for either diagnosis of or serum testing for celiac disease...
December 12, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234200/nutrition-and-muscle-in-cirrhosis
#9
REVIEW
Anil C Anand
As the cirrhosis progresses, development of complication like ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, variceal bleeding, kidney dysfunction, and hepatocellular carcinoma signify increasing risk of short term mortality. Malnutrition and muscle wasting (sarcopenia) is yet other complications that negatively impact survival, quality of life, and response to stressors, such as infection and surgery in patients with cirrhosis. Conventionally, these are not routinely looked for, because nutritional assessment can be a difficult especially if there is associated fluid retention and/or obesity...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233128/double-up-food-bucks-program-effects-on-snap-recipients-fruit-and-vegetable-purchases
#10
Marie Steele-Adjognon, Dave Weatherspoon
BACKGROUND: To encourage the consumption of more fresh fruits and vegetables, the 2014 United Sates Farm Bill allocated funds to the Double Up Food Bucks Program. This program provided Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program beneficiaries who spent $10 on fresh fruits and vegetables, in one transaction, with a $10 gift card exclusively for Michigan grown fresh fruits and vegetables. This study analyzes how fruit and vegetable expenditures, expenditure shares, variety and purchase decisions were affected by the initiation and conclusion, as well as any persistent effects of the program...
December 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232566/association-of-total-zinc-iron-copper-and-selenium-intakes-with-depression-in-the-us-adults
#11
Zongyao Li, Weijing Wang, Xueling Xin, Xingxing Song, Dongfeng Zhang
BACKGROUND: The aim of present study was to examine the associations of total zinc, iron, copper and selenium intakes from diet and supplements with depression. METHODS: Cross-sectional study used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2014 in the present study. Logistic regression models and restricted cubic spline models were applied to examine the associations of total zinc, iron, copper and selenium intakes with depression...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231156/efficient-bio-production-of-citramalate-using-an-engineered-escherichia-coli-strain
#12
Joseph P Webb, S Alison Arnold, Scott Baxter, Stephen J Hall, Graham Eastham, Gill Stephens
Citramalic acid is a central intermediate in a combined biocatalytic and chemocatalytic route to produce bio-based methylmethacrylate, the monomer used to manufacture Perspex and other high performance materials. We developed an engineered E. coli strain and a fed-batch bioprocess to produce citramalate at concentrations in excess of 80 g l-1 in only 65 h. This exceptional efficiency was achieved by designing the production strain and the fermentation system to operate synergistically. Thus, a single gene encoding a mesophilic variant of citramalate synthase from Methanococcus jannaschii, CimA3...
December 12, 2017: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230952/children-tolerate-intradialytic-oral-nutrition
#13
Andrew M South, Bonnie Fainman, Scott M Sutherland, Cynthia J Wong
BACKGROUND: People undergoing haemodialysis (HD) often have poor nutrition, which in turn can contribute to worse outcomes. Inadequate nutrition has a particularly deleterious effect on growth and neurocognitive development, as well as mortality, in children and adolescents. Nutritional supplementation can improve outcomes but can be difficult to administer. OBJECTIVE: Determine the tolerability of intradialytic oral nutrition in children and adolescents. DESIGN: A cross-sectional quality improvement study in an outpatient paediatric HD unit...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230627/effect-of-pollen-extract-supplementation-on-the-varroatosis-tolerance-of-honey-bee-apis-mellifera-larvae-reared-in-vitro
#14
Vincent Piou, Jérémy Tabart, Jean-Louis Hemptinne, Angélique Vétillard
As the main source of lipids and proteins in honey bees, pollen is a major nutrient provider involved in development and health and has been studied for tolerance stimulation against pathogens and parasites. In the case of Varroa destructor Anderson & Trueman (Acari, Mesostigmata: Varroidae) parasitization, the lack of a complete laboratory system to rear both the bee larva and the acarian parasite limited the studies concerning larval nutrition effects on the bee tolerance and resistance against varroatosis...
December 11, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228787/health-promotion-potential-of-vegetables-cultivated-in-northern-thailand-a-preliminary-screening-of-tannin-and-flavonoid-contents-5%C3%AE-reductase-inhibition-astringent-activity-and-antioxidant-activities
#15
Naphatsorn Kumar, Chaiyavat Chaiyasut
Many of scientific evidences suggest that regular consumption of fruits and vegetables can prevent chronic diseases. In Northern Thailand, there are many vegetables that are usually consumed by local people. In this study, 17 local vegetables were selected and extracted with 95% ethanol. The extracts were screened for 5α-reductase inhibitory activity, total tannin and flavonoid contents, astringent and antioxidant activities. The results showed that Spondias pinnata and Ocimum americanum had the highest tannin and flavonoid content, respectively...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228152/effectiveness-of-nutritional-interventions-addressed-to-elderly-persons-umbrella-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#16
Andrea Poscia, Sonja Milovanovic, Daniele Ignazio La Milia, Mariusz Duplaga, Marcin Grysztar, Francesco Landi, Umberto Moscato, Nicola Magnavita, Agnese Collamati, Walter Ricciardi
Background: The number of Europeans aged over 65 will double between 2010 and 2060, reaching 30% of the European population. Nutrition is emerging as a key element of healthy life since both obesity and malnutrition are established risk factors for morbidity and disability. The aim of this umbrella review (UR) is to summarize the findings of all current systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyzes (MAs) on the effectiveness of nutritional intervention designed to promote healthy aging in older individuals...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226282/feasibility-of-conducting-a-6-month-long-home-based-exercise-program-with-protein-supplementation-in-elderly-community-dwelling-individuals-with-heart-failure
#17
Masil George, Gohar Azhar, Amanda Pangle, Eric Peeler, Amanda Dawson, Robert Coker, Kellie S Coleman, Amy Schrader, Jeanne Wei
Objective: Cardiac cachexia is a condition associated with heart failure, particularly in the elderly, and is characterized by loss of muscle mass with or without the loss of fat mass. Approximately 15% of elderly heart failure patients will eventually develop cardiac cachexia; such a diagnosis is closely associated with high morbidity and increased mortality. While the mechanism(s) involved in the progression of cardiac cachexia is incompletely established, certain factors appear to be contributory...
2017: Journal of Physiotherapy & Physical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226031/sodium-salt-medium-chain-fatty-acids-and-bacillus-based-probiotic-strategies-to-improve-growth-and-intestinal-health-of-gilthead-sea-bream-sparus-aurata
#18
Paula Simó-Mirabet, M Carla Piazzon, Josep Alvar Calduch-Giner, Álvaro Ortiz, Mónica Puyalto, Ariadna Sitjà-Bobadilla, Jaume Pérez-Sánchez
Background: The increased demand for fish protein has led to the intensification of aquaculture practices which are hampered by nutritional and health factors affecting growth performance. To solve these problems, antibiotics have been used for many years in the prevention, control and treatment against disease as well as growth promoters to improve animal performance. Nowadays, the use of antibiotics in the European Union and other countries has been completely or partially banned as a result of the existence of antibiotic cross-resistance...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225208/dietary-calcium-and-serum-25ohd-protect-chinese-women-from-type-2-diabetes
#19
Lijun Feng, Zhefang Hu, Qingqing Wang
The Chinese dietary structure is different from Western and Mediterranean diets. This study aimed to assess the association of dietary calcium, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD), and other macronutrients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Chinese patients. This case-control study enrolled 605 patients (males, 337; females, 268) with T2D and 724 healthy subjects (males, 405; females, 319) at Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital from February to April 2014. Dietary calcium, total energy, fat to energy ratio, glucose administration, 2-h postprandial blood glucose, serum total cholesterol and high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, and serum 25OHD level were assessed...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224583/nutrients-for-neurocognition-in-health-and-disease-measures-methodologies-and-mechanisms
#20
Andrew Scholey
Effective pharmaceutical treatments for age-related cognitive decline have proved elusive. There is, however, compelling evidence that nutritional status and supplementation could play crucial roles in modifying the expression of cognitive change through the lifespan. Subjective memory impairment and mild cognitive impairment can be harbingers of dementia but this is by no means inevitable. Neurocognitive change is influenced by a variety of processes, many of which are involved in other aspects of systemic health, including cardiovascular function...
December 11, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
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