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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346005/ethical-issues-in-social-media-research-for-public-health
#1
Ruth F Hunter, Aisling Gough, Niamh O'Kane, Gary McKeown, Aine Fitzpatrick, Tom Walker, Michelle McKinley, Mandy Lee, Frank Kee
Social media (SM) offer huge potential for public health research, serving as a vehicle for surveillance, delivery of health interventions, recruitment to trials, collection of data, and dissemination. However, the networked nature of the data means they are riddled with ethical challenges, and no clear consensus has emerged as to the ethical handling of such data. This article outlines the key ethical concerns for public health researchers using SM and discusses how these concerns might best be addressed. Key issues discussed include privacy; anonymity and confidentiality; authenticity; the rapidly changing SM environment; informed consent; recruitment, voluntary participation, and sampling; minimizing harm; and data security and management...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344040/health-journalism-health-reporting-status-and-challenges
#2
Mahrokh Keshvari, Niko Yamani, Peyman Adibi, Hossein Shahnazi
Background: Media play crucial role in disseminating health information. Due to the importance of accurate health news reports, and the national need to professionalism in health journalism, this study aimed to investigate the characteristics of health journalists, and health reporting status and the challenges involved. Materials and Methods: Using consensus sampling, this descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on all health news reporters in Isfahan (34 journalists) in 2015-2016...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343460/facebook-groups-for-the-management-of-chronic-diseases
#3
Stephanie R Partridge, Patrick Gallagher, Becky Freeman, Robyn Gallagher
The use of Facebook groups by health care researchers and professionals for chronic disease management, namely type 2 diabetes mellitus and coronary heart disease, is in its early stages and challenges are emerging. While Facebook groups offer great potential to deliver health support, research of Facebook groups for chronic disease management remains in its infancy, with robust evidence not yet available. Designing Facebook groups that are acceptable to users, health care researchers as well as health care professionals is a challenge, and there is a poor fit with traditional research and evaluation methods...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342158/real-time-community-detection-in-full-social-networks-on-a-laptop
#4
Benjamin Paul Chamberlain, Josh Levy-Kramer, Clive Humby, Marc Peter Deisenroth
For a broad range of research and practical applications it is important to understand the allegiances, communities and structure of key players in society. One promising direction towards extracting this information is to exploit the rich relational data in digital social networks (the social graph). As global social networks (e.g., Facebook and Twitter) are very large, most approaches make use of distributed computing systems for this purpose. Distributing graph processing requires solving many difficult engineering problems, which has lead some researchers to look at single-machine solutions that are faster and easier to maintain...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340625/seen-through-the-patients-eyes-surgical-safety-and-checklists
#5
Jochen Bergs, Frank Lambrechts, Melissa Desmedt, Johan Hellings, Ward Schrooten, Annemie Vlayen, Dominique Vandijck
Objective: We sought to explore the views patients have towards surgical safety and checklists. As a secondary aim, we explored if previous experience of error or other patient characteristics influence these views. Design: A cross-sectional survey study design was applied. Participants: The Flemish Patients' Platform network and social media were used to recruit participants. Main outcome measure(s): An 11-item questionnaire was designed to assess the following constructs: perception of surgical safety, attitudes towards the WHO surgical safety checklist and attitudes regarding checklist usage...
January 11, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338704/alcohol-marketing-on-youtube-exploratory-analysis-of-content-adaptation-to-enhance-user-engagement-in-different-national-contexts
#6
Himanshu Gupta, Tina Lam, Simone Pettigrew, Robert J Tait
BACKGROUND: We know little about how social media alcohol marketing is utilized for alcohol promotion in different national contexts. There does not appear to be any academic work on online exposure to alcohol marketing via social media in India, and most of the limited research in Australia has focused on Facebook. Hence, the present study extends previous research by investigating alcohol promotion conducted on an under-researched form of social media (YouTube) in two contrasting geographic contexts...
January 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338659/enfranchising-grief-following-suicide-a-case-study-of-an-israeli-social-organization
#7
Zohar Gazit
Researchers have yet to explore suicide survivors' activities in social organizations, which was the present purpose. I studied an Israeli organization, Path to Life, by interviewing 16 members, attending 11 events, and examining media, online, and print information. Although mainly comprised of activists whose loss occurred in civilian circumstances, frame analysis revealed that the organization emphasizes connections between suicide and esteemed military-related death. By relying on a legitimate model of dealing with death, the activists provided meaning to suicide and promoted a socio-cultural change through drawing attention to a silenced death, upgrading the suicide victims' status, and enfranchising survivors' grief...
January 17, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336684/a-systematic-search-and-review-of-adult-targeted-overweight-and-obesity-prevention-mass-media-campaigns-and-their-evaluation-2000-2017
#8
James Kite, Anne Grunseit, Erika Bohn-Goldbaum, Bill Bellew, Tom Carroll, Adrian Bauman
Mass media campaigns are a commonly used strategy in public health. However, no review has assessed whether the design and evaluation of overweight and obesity campaigns meets best practice recommendations. This study aimed to fill this gap. We systematically searched five databases for peer-reviewed articles describing adult-targeted obesity mass media campaigns published between 2000 and 2017, complemented by reference list searches and contact with authors and agencies responsible for the campaigns. We extracted data on campaign design, implementation, and evaluation from eligible publications and conducted a qualitative review of 29 publications reporting on 14 campaigns...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336364/mechanism-of-chronic-stress-induced-reduced-atherosclerotic-medial-area-and-increased-plaque-instability-in-rabbit-models-of-chronic-stress
#9
Ze-Mou Yu, Xiao-Tao Deng, Ruo-Mei Qi, Lu-Yan Xiao, Chong-Qing Yang, Tao Gong
BACKGROUND: Chronic stress contributes to increased risks of atherosclerotic diseases including heart disease, stroke, and transient ischemic attack. However, its underline mechanisms are poorly understood. This study aimed to elucidate the mechanism via which chronic stress exerts its effect on atherosclerosis (AS). METHODS: Fifty male New Zealand white rabbits were used. Aortic balloon-injury model was applied. Both social stress and physical stress methods were adopted to establish chronic stress models...
January 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336345/-the-role-of-social-media-in-academic-training-in-urology-adequate-use
#10
Juan Gómez Rivas, Leonardo Tortolero Blanco, Moises Rodríguez Socarras, Miguel García Sanz, Diego M Carrión, Zhamshid Okhunov, Domenico Veneziano
Social media is characterized because all its services are participative. Users of 2.0 technologies can interact easily and openly with other people, share resources and communicate immediately and simultaneously. Research improves from participatory technologies by allowing groups to share reflections, methodologies, resources and results.The social media platform with greater diffusion and use in urology is possibly Twitter because it allows to realize what is known like "microblogging", the users generate comments and brief messages through the creation of "tweets"...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336344/-the-urologist-of-the-future-and-new-technologies
#11
Francois Peinado, Atanasio Fernández, Fernando Teba, Guillermo Celada, Marco Antonio Acosta
The last 25 years have brought about revolutionary changes for medicine and in particular for urology: internet was only in its infancy, medical records were written on paper, searches for medical information were done in the hospital library, medical articles were photocopied and our relationship with patients only existed face to face. Social networks had not yet appeared and even Google did not exist. Just imagine what might happen during the next 25 years, we're going to see even more radical changes. The urologist of the future is going to see the arrival of artificial intelligence, collaborative medicine, telemedicine, machine learning, the Internet of Things and personalized robotics; in the meantime, social media will continue to transform the interaction between physician and patient...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335160/mobile-phone-use-among-patients-and-health-workers-to-enhance-primary-healthcare-a-qualitative-study-in-rural-south-africa
#12
Jocelyn Olivia Todd Anstey Watkins, Jane Goudge, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Frances Griffiths
Mobile phones have the potential to improve access to healthcare information and services in low-resourced settings. This study investigated the use of mobile phones among patients with chronic diseases, pregnant women, and health workers to enhance primary healthcare in rural South Africa. Qualitative research was undertaken in Mpumalanga in 2014. Semi structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 113 patients and 43 health workers from seven primary healthcare clinics and one district hospital. Data were thematically analysed...
January 10, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335036/individuals-with-currently-untreated-mental-illness-causal-beliefs-and-readiness-to-seek-help
#13
S Stolzenburg, S Freitag, S Evans-Lacko, S Speerforck, S Schmidt, G Schomerus
AIMS: Many people with mental illness do not seek professional help. Beliefs about the causes of their current health problem seem relevant for initiating treatment. Our aim was to find out to what extent the perceived causes of current untreated mental health problems determine whether a person considers herself/himself as having a mental illness, perceives need for professional help and plans to seek help in the near future. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we examined 207 untreated persons with a depressive syndrome, all fulfilling criteria for a current mental illness as confirmed with a structured diagnostic interview (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview)...
January 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333562/have-you-ever-googled-a-patient-or-been-friended-by-a-patient-social-media-intersects-the-practice-of-genetic-counseling
#14
NinaMarie F Omaggio, Maria J Baker, Laura J Conway
Patients and healthcare providers are becoming increasingly connected via social media, bringing new opportunities and challenges. Direct connection can occur between patients and providers using online tools such as Facebook and LinkedIn. In addition, providers can gather information about patients using a search engine such as Google, referred to as patient-targeted Googling (PTG). An online 54-item survey was used to gain information on (1) how and to what extent genetic counseling students and genetic counselors connect directly with patients via social media sites, and (2) gather information on providers using PTG...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332780/social-media-and-integrity
#15
Eileen Frazer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332672/motivational-factors-associated-with-drowsy-driving-behavior-a-qualitative-investigation-of-college-students
#16
Kenneth H Beck, Clark J Lee, Talia Weiner
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative investigation sought to identify the motivational factors that contribute to drowsy driving in college students and to discover important messaging strategies that may help prevent or reduce this behavior in this population. DESIGN: Four focus groups of college students. SETTING: A large university in the Washington, DC, metropolitan area during the Fall 2016 term. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-six undergraduate students between the ages of 18 and 25 years...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332530/reconciliation-of-patient-doctor-vocabulary-in-a-structured-resource
#17
Mike Donald Tapi Nzali, Jérôme Aze, Sandra Bringay, Christian Lavergne, Caroline Mollevi, Thomas Optiz
Today, social media is increasingly used by patients to openly discuss their health. Mining automatically such data is a challenging task because of the non-structured nature of the text and the use of many abbreviations and the slang terms. Our goal is to use Patient Authored Text to build a French Consumer Health Vocabulary on breast cancer field, by collecting various kinds of non-experts' expressions that are related to their diseases and then compare them to biomedical terms used by health care professionals...
January 1, 2018: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331965/right-iliac-fossa-pain-treatment-rift-study-protocol-for-an-international-multicentre-prospective-observational-study
#18
Dmitri Nepogodiev
INTRODUCTION: Patients presenting with right iliac fossa (RIF) pain are a common challenge for acute general surgical services. Given the range of potential pathologies, RIF pain creates diagnostic uncertainty and there is subsequent variation in investigation and management. Appendicitis is a diagnosis which must be considered in all patients with RIF pain; however, over a fifth of patients undergoing appendicectomy, in the UK, have been proven to have a histologically normal appendix (negative appendicectomy)...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#19
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330028/perceptions-of-the-relative-harmfulness-of-marijuana-and-alcohol-among-adults-in-oregon
#20
Jane A Allen, Matthew C Farrelly, Jennifer C Duke, Kian Kamyab, James M Nonnemaker, Sarah Wylie, Lauren Dutra, Camille Gourdet
This study documents perceptions of the relative harmfulness of marijuana and alcohol to a person's health among adults in Oregon just before the first legal sales of marijuana for recreational use. We surveyed 1941 adults in Oregon in September 2015. Respondents were recruited using an address-based sampling (ABS) frame (n = 1314) and social media advertising (n = 627). Respondents completed paper surveys (ABS-mail, n = 388) or online surveys (ABS-online, n = 926; social media, n = 627)...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
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