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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145599/a-role-for-thiopurine-metabolites-in-the-synergism-between-thiopurines-and-infliximab-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#1
Ditte V Mogensen, Jørn Brynskov, Mark A Ainsworth, Jacob Nersting, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Casper Steenholdt
Background: Interactions between principal cytotoxic thiopurine metabolites, 6-thioguanine nucleotides (6-TGN), and infliximab (IFX) and anti-IFX antibodies (Abs) may contribute to higher effectiveness of IFX-thiopurine-combination therapy than monotherapies in inflammatory bowel disease. Methods: To examine if thiopurine metabolites influenced trough IFX and anti-IFX Abs, 89 patients previously assessed for anti-IFX Abs were included. To assess if IFX influenced thiopurine metabolites, 8 patients having responded to 12 weeks of intensified IFX at a constant thiopurine dosing were included...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145340/open-repair-of-intraoperative-popliteal-artery-injury-during-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-a-patient-with-severe-hemophilia-a-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Bin Feng, Ke Xiao, Jiang Shao, Yu Fan, Xisheng Weng
RATIONALE: Arterial injuries during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) though rare may occur. Hemophilia may further challenge the management of such injury. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 48-year-old male patient with severe hemophilia type A and stiff knee arthropathy underwent bilateral TKAs. Left popliteal artery injury was detected at the end of the left TKA. DIAGNOSES: Urgent angiography confirmed the diagnosis of the left popliteal artery transection...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145094/a-mixture-of-five-endocrine-disrupting-chemicals-modulates-concentrations-of-bisphenol-a-and-estradiol-in-mice
#3
Tyler Pollock, Rachel E Weaver, Ramtin Ghasemi, Denys deCatanzaro
Most people in developed countries are exposed to multiple endocrine-disrupting synthetic chemicals. We previously showed that a single dose of triclosan, tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), butyl paraben, propyl paraben, or di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate elevated concentrations of bisphenol A (BPA) in mice. Here we investigated whether concurrent exposure to lower doses of these five chemicals could modulate concentrations of bisphenol A (BPA) or the natural estrogen, 17β-estradiol (E2). CF1 mice were injected subcutaneously with 0...
November 7, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145056/environmental-life-cycle-assessment-of-marine-sediment-decontamination-by-citric-acid-enhanced-microwave-heating
#4
Pietro P Falciglia, Carlo Ingrao, Guido De Guidi, Alfio Catalfo, Guglielmo Finocchiaro, Marcello Farina, Maria Liali, Giuseppe Lorenzano, Gaetano Valastro, Federico G A Vagliasindi
The potential ability of microwave heating (MWH) for the remediation of marine sediments affected by severe hydrocarbon (HC) contamination was investigated. Decontamination effectiveness and environmental sustainability through a comparative Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) were addressed. Main results revealed that the application of a 650-W MWH treatment resulted in a rapid (15min) HC removal. A citric acid (CA) dose of 0.1M led to enhanced-HC removals of 76.9, 96.5 and 99.7% after 5, 10 and 15min of MW irradiation, respectively...
November 13, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144869/ocular-redness-measured-with-the-keratograph-5m-in-patients-using-anti-glaucoma-eye-drops
#5
Francisco Pérez Bartolomé, Jose María Martínez de la Casa, Pedro Arriola Villalobos, Cristina Fernández Pérez, Vicente Polo, Ruben Sánchez Jean, Julián García Feijoó
PURPOSE: To examine correlations between ocular redness measured with the new topographer Keratograph 5M and the use of topical anti-glaucoma medication. METHODS: A total of 211 eyes of 211 patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension on topical medication and 51 eyes of 51 healthy volunteers were recruited over 10 months. Outcome variables were keratograph redness scores (RS): overall, bulbar temporal (BT), bulbar nasal (BN), limbar temporal (LT), and limbar nasal (LN)...
November 16, 2017: Seminars in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144737/infant-and-adult-inhalation-exposure-to-resuspended-biological-particulate-matter
#6
Tianren Wu, Martin Taubel, Rauno Holopainen, Anna-Kaisa Viitanen, Sinikka Vainiotalo, Timo Tuomi, Jorma Keskinen, Anne Hyvärinen, Kaarle Hämeri, Sampo Saari, Brandon Boor
Human-induced resuspension of floor dust is a dynamic process that can serve as a major indoor source of biological particulate matter (bioPM). Inhalation exposure to the microbial content of indoor dust is associated with adverse and protective health effects. This study evaluates infant and adult inhalation exposures and respiratory tract deposited dose rates of resuspended bioPM from carpets. Chamber experiments were conducted with a robotic crawling infant and an adult performing a walking sequence. Breathing zone (BZ) size distributions of resuspended fluorescent biological aerosol particles (FBAPs), a bioPM proxy, were monitored in real-time...
November 16, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144307/reduction-of-chromium-vi-from-aqueous-solution-by-biomass-of-cladosporium-cladosporioides
#7
María Teresa Garza-González, Jonathan Eduardo Ramírez-Vázquez, María de Los Ángeles García-Hernández, María Elena Cantú-Cárdenas, Adriana Liñan-Montes, Juan Francisco Villarreal-Chiu
The capacity of Cladosporium cladosporioides biomass for removal of Cr(VI) in aqueous solutions was evaluated. A 2 × 2 factorial experiment design was used to study the effects of pH and biomass doses. Lower pH values and larger biomass doses increased the capacity of C. cladosporioides biomass for removal of Cr(VI), reaching a reduction capacity of 492.85 mg g(-1), a significantly higher value compared to other biomass reported. Cr(VI) removal kinetic rates followed a pseudo-second order model, like other fungal biomass reported previously...
November 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144016/what-is-the-protective-effect-of-metformin-on-rat-ovary-against-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#8
Cemile Dayangan Sayan, Gokhan Karaca, Zehra Sema Ozkan, Ozlem B Tulmac, Aslı Ceylan Isik, Tuba Devrim, Gülcin Aydin, Ilkin Yeral
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effect of metformin on the rat ovary against ischemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS: Thirty-seven female Wistar albino rats were used in the study. The rats were divided into five groups, as follows: sham operation group (group 1); torsion group (group 2); torsion/detorsion + saline group (group 3); torsion/detorsion + low-dose metformin group (group 4); and torsion/detorsion + high-dose metformin group (group 5)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143969/the-molecular-basis-of-cytotoxicity-of-%C3%AE-spinasterol-from-ganoderma-resinaceum-induction-of-apoptosis-and-overexpression-of-p53-in-breast-and-ovarian-cancer-cell-lines
#9
Nada K Sedky, Zaynab El Gammal, Amir E Wahba, Eman Mosad, Zahraa Y Waly, Amira Ali El-Fallal, Reem K Arafa, Nagwa El-Badri
OBJECTIVES: Despite advances in therapy of breast and ovarian cancers, they still remain among the most imperative causes of cancer death in women. The first can be considered one of the most widespread diseases among females, while the latter is more lethal and needs prompt treatment. Thus, the research field can still benefit from discovery of new compounds that can be of potential use in management of these grave illnesses. We hereby aimed to assess the antitumor activity of the phytosterol α-spinasterol isolated from Ganoderma resinaceum mushroom on human breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7, MDA-MB-231), as well as, on human ovarian cancer cell line (SKOV-3)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143919/iglarlixi-reduces-glycated-hemoglobin-to-a-greater-extent-than-basal-insulin-regardless-of-levels-at-screening-post-hoc-analysis-of-lixilan-l
#10
Elisabeth Niemoeller, Elisabeth Souhami, Yujun Wu, Klaus H Jensen
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes uncontrolled on basal insulin and oral glucose-lowering drugs was investigated previously in the LixiLan-L trial. In the LixiLan-L trial, patients experienced a 6-week run-in with insulin glargine U100 (iGlar) as part of the screening phase, followed by treatment with a fixed-ratio combination of iGlar + lixisenatide (iGlarLixi) or iGlar alone over 30 weeks. In the study reported here, we investigated the achievement of glycemic control in those who completed the 30-week LixiLan-L trial, as assessed by change in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels from screening, both for the overall category and for screening HbA1c subcategories...
November 16, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143875/the-role-of-18f-fdg-pet-ct-and-pet-mri-in-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#11
Randy Yeh, Laurent Dercle, Ishan Garg, Zhen Jane Wang, David M Hough, Ajit H Goenka
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains a difficult disease to treat and continues to portend a poor prognosis, as most patients are unresectable at diagnosis. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) combined with CT (PET/CT) has been a cornerstone in oncological imaging of different cancers; however, the role of PET/CT in PDAC is continually evolving and currently not well established. Studies have shown the potential of PET/CT in guiding the management of patients with PDAC, with possible added benefit over anatomic imaging with CT or MRI in certain scenarios...
November 16, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143669/considerations-for-using-minocycline-vs-doxycycline-for-treatment-of-canine-heartworm-disease
#12
Mark G Papich
BACKGROUND: Doxycycline has been considered the first drug of choice for treating Wolbachia, a member of the Rickettsiaceae, which has a symbiotic relationship with filarial worms, including heartworms. Wolbachia, is susceptible to tetracyclines, which have been used as adjunctive treatments for heartworm disease. Treatment with doxycycline reduces Wolbachia numbers in all stages of heartworms and improves outcomes and decreased microfilaremia in dogs treated for heartworm disease. The American Heartworm Society recommends treatment with doxycycline in dogs diagnosed with heartworm disease at a dose of 10 mg/kg twice daily for 28 days...
November 9, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143216/self-perception-and-determinants-of-color-vision-in-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Alexander U Brandt, Hanna G Zimmermann, Timm Oberwahrenbrock, Justine Isensee, Thomas Müller, Friedemann Paul
Visual dysfunction is common in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). The objective of this study was to investigate the perceived impact of visual dysfunction and especially color vision loss on PD patients, and to identify retinal and disease factors associated with color vision. Thirty PD patients and thirty-four healthy controls were included. Participants performed the Farnsworth-Munsell Hue-100 test (FMT). Patients answered the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI-VFQ), Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) assessment, and underwent optical coherence tomography with measurement of retinal nerve fiber layer, ganglion cell layer + inner plexiform layer (GCIPL), and outer nuclear and photoreceptor layer...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142987/prospective-study-of-routine-heparin-avoidance-hemodialysis-in-a-tertiary-acute-care-inpatient-practice
#14
Sami Safadi, Robert C Albright, John J Dillon, Amy W Williams, Fares Alahdab, Julie K Brown, Amanda L Severson, Walter K Kremers, Mary Ann Ryan, Marie C Hogan
Introduction: Extracorporeal circuit (EC) anticoagulation with heparin is a key advance in hemodialysis (HD), but anticoagulation is problematic in inpatients at risk of bleeding. We prospectively evaluated a heparin-avoidance HD protocol, clotting of the EC circuit (CEC), impact on dialysis efficiency, and associated risk factors in our acute care inpatients who required HD (January 17, 2014 to May 31, 2015). Methods: HD sessions without routine EC heparin were performed using airless dialysis tubing...
July 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142983/efficacy-and-safety-of-sparsentan-compared-with-irbesartan-in-patients-with-primary-focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis-randomized-controlled-trial-design-duet
#15
Radko Komers, Debbie S Gipson, Peter Nelson, Sharon Adler, Tarak Srivastava, Vimal K Derebail, Kevin E Meyers, Pablo Pergola, Meghan E MacNally, Jennifer L Hunt, Alvin Shih, Howard Trachtman
Introduction: Primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a leading cause of nephrotic syndrome and end-stage renal disease. There are no US Food and Drug Administration-approved therapies for FSGS, and treatment often fails to reduce proteinuria. Endothelin is an important factor in the pathophysiology of podocyte disorders, including FSGS. Sparsentan is a first-in-class, orally active, dual-acting angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) and highly selective endothelin Type A receptor antagonist...
July 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142965/ferritin-elevation-and-improved-responsiveness-to-erythropoiesis-stimulating-agents-in%C3%A2-patients-on-ferric-citrate-hydrate
#16
Keitaro Yokoyama, Masafumi Fukagawa, Takashi Akiba, Masaaki Nakayama, Toshiya Otoguro, Kana Yamada, Yasuo Nagamine, Steven Fishbane, Hideki Hirakata
Introduction: In hemodialysis patients on ferric citrate hydrate, the increase in ferritin level is mainly due to the administration of the compound. We investigated possible other factors associated with ferritin level and how erythropoietin resistance index and erythropoiesis in those patients were affected. We looked at ferritin-elevating factors using data from a Japanese phase III long-term clinical trial of ferric citrate hydrate. Methods: The factors with a strong association with ferritin levels at week 28 were selected by the process of variable selection...
May 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142954/asymmetric-dimethylarginine-adma-levels-are-lower-in-hemodialysis-patients%C3%A2-treated-with-paricalcitol
#17
Elena Oliva-Damaso, Nestor Oliva-Damaso, Francisco Rodriguez-Esparragon, Juan Payan, Alberto Marañes, Yanet Parodis, Lopez Eduardo Baamonde-Laborda, Nicanor Vega Diaz, Jose Carlos Rodriguez-Perez
Introduction: Chronic kidney disease is a major public health problem. In the last decade, it has been shown that the early stages of chronic kidney disease are associated with an inflammatory condition involving an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity and long-term mortality. In patients with chronic kidney disease and more specifically those on hemodialysis, cardiovascular events are the most common cause of death. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase and may be an independent risk factor for endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular disease...
March 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142833/the-effect-of-long-term-thyroid-stimulating-hormone-suppressive-therapy-on-the-gonadal-steroid-hormones-of-patients-with-thyroid-carcinoma-after-surgery
#18
Xiaoli Liu, Ying Zhou, Nan Liang, Yang Hong, Gianlorenzo Dionigi, Hui Sun
Background: To analyze the effect of long-term thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) suppressive therapy on the gonadal hormones and related symptoms in patients after surgery. Methods: From 2008 to 2011, totally 238 patients were recruited, who underwent thyroid surgery and subsequent TSH suppression treatment in Department of thyroid Surgery, China-Japan Union hospital, Jilin University. Then their postoperative follow-up data (3-8 years) were collected, including operational method, pathological diagnosis, whether processed radioiodine therapy and the period/dose of TSH suppression treatment...
October 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142618/melatonin-supplementation-lowers-oxidative-stress-and-regulates-adipokines-in-obese-patients-on-a-calorie-restricted-diet
#19
Karolina Szewczyk-Golec, Paweł Rajewski, Marcin Gackowski, Celestyna Mila-Kierzenkowska, Roland Wesołowski, Paweł Sutkowy, Marta Pawłowska, Alina Woźniak
Obesity is one of the major global health problems. Melatonin deficiency has been demonstrated to correlate with obesity. The aim of the study was to estimate the effect of melatonin on oxidative stress and adipokine levels in obese patients on a calorie-restricted diet. Thirty obese patients were supplemented with a daily dose of 10 mg of melatonin (n = 15) or placebo (n = 15) for 30 days with a calorie-restricted diet. Serum levels of melatonin, 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), adiponectin, omentin-1, leptin, and resistin, as well as erythrocytic malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration and Zn/Cu-superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities, were measured at baseline and after supplementation...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142478/chronic-opioids-in-gastroparesis-relationship-with-gastrointestinal-symptoms-healthcare-utilization-and-employment
#20
Asad Jehangir, Henry P Parkman
AIM: To examine the relationship of chronic scheduled opioid use on symptoms, healthcare utilization and employment in gastroparesis (Gp) patients. METHODS: Patients referred to our tertiary care academic center from May 2016 to July 2017, with established diagnosis or symptoms suggestive of Gp filled out the Patient Assessment of Upper GI Symptoms, abdominal pain and demographics questionnaires, and underwent gastric emptying and blood tests. They were asked about taking pain medicines and the types, doses, and duration...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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