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Spectral CT

Liqiang Ren, Di Wu, Yuhua Li, Bin Zheng, Yong Chen, Kai Yang, Hong Liu
This study presents a practical alignment method for X-ray spectral measurement in a rotating gantry based micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) system using three-dimensional (3D) printing technology. In order to facilitate the spectrometer placement inside the gantry, supporting structures including a cover and a stand were dedicatedly designed and printed using a 3D printer. According to the relative position between the spectrometer and the stand, the upright projection of the spectrometer collimator onto the stand was determined and then marked by a tungsten pinhole...
June 2016: Biomedical Physics & Engineering Express
Yongxia Zhao, Yanmin Wu, Ziwei Zuo, Hongna Suo, Sisi Zhao, Jun Han, Xian Chang, Shujie Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of low-concentration contrast medium on spectral computed tomography (CT) image quality for portal venography CT. METHODS: 150 patients with suspected portal diseases were divided into three groups and had spectral CT examination using a GE Discovery CT 750 HD scanner. The patients in three groups were injected with different concentrations of iodine (350 mgI/mL, 315 mgI/mL and 280 mgI/mL) at an injection rate of 4.0-5...
October 21, 2016: Journal of X-ray Science and Technology
Laura K Holden, Jill B Firszt, Ruth M Reeder, Rosalie M Uchanski, Noël Y Dwyer, Timothy A Holden
OBJECTIVE: To identify primary biographic and audiologic factors contributing to cochlear implant (CI) performance variability in quiet and noise by controlling electrode array type and electrode position within the cochlea. BACKGROUND: Although CI outcomes have improved over time, considerable outcome variability still exists. Biographic, audiologic, and device-related factors have been shown to influence performance. Examining CI recipients with consistent array type and electrode position may allow focused investigation into outcome variability resulting from biographic and audiologic factors...
October 12, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Boran Lee, Byung Gyu Park, Wansang Cho, Ho Yong Lee, András Olasz, Chun-Hsing Chen, Seung Bum Park, Dongwhan Lee
A series of air-stable boron complexes 1-5 were prepared by using N-aryl iminopyrrolide ligands. Designed as minimalist structural mimics of the privileged BODIPY motif, these new BOIMPY (BOron complexes of IMinoPYrrolide ligands) fluorophores feature low molecular symmetry that promotes emission from CT-type excited states with large Stokes shifts and little self-quenching. Through comparative studies on the homologous set of compounds 1-4, we have confirmed that a delicate interplay between conformational twisting and donor-acceptor interaction dictates the mechanism of de-excitation, which responds sensitively to solvent polarity as well as protonation states...
October 18, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Eva Mariasole Angelin, Mauro Bacci, Giovanni Bartolozzi, Emma Cantisani, Marcello Picollo
The identification of artistic materials represents a fundamental step in supporting the conservation of cultural heritage objects. The importance of their appropriate characterization is particularly relevant in modern-contemporary art, since they could be affected by the occurrence of rapid changes in chemical formulation over time. This paper focuses on an investigation of a series of contemporary blue-green commercial acrylic paints constituted of spinel pigments, using non-invasive spectroscopic techniques...
October 5, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Brent F B Huisman, J M Létang, É Testa, D Sarrut
There is interest in the particle therapy community in using prompt gammas (PGs), a natural byproduct of particle treatment, for range verification and eventually dose control. However, PG production is a rare process and therefore estimation of PGs exiting a patient during a proton treatment plan executed by a Monte Carlo (MC) simulation converges slowly. Recently, different approaches to accelerating the estimation of PG yield have been presented. Sterpin et al (2015 Phys. Med. Biol. 60 4915-46) described a fast analytic method, which is still sensitive to heterogeneities...
October 14, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Lara Massai, Alessandro Pratesi, Jovana Bogojeski, Marco Banchini, Serena Pillozzi, Luigi Messori, Živadin D Bugarčić
Three Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes with chelating mono(imidazolin-2-imine) and bis(imidazolin-2-imine) ligands i.e. [Pd(DMEAIm(iPr))Cl2] (1) (DMEAIm(iPr), 2-(1,3-diisopropyl-4,5-dimethylimidazolin-2-imine)ethan-1-dimethylamine), [Pd(DACH(Im(iPr))2)Cl2] (2) (DACH(Im(iPr))2, N,N'-(cyclohexane-1,2-diyl)bis(1,3-diisopropyl-4,5-dimethylimidazolin-2-imine)) and [Pt(DMEAIm(iPr))Cl2] (3), are evaluated here as potential cytotoxic and anticancer agents. An acceptable solution behaviour was found for the three study compounds in terms of solubility and stability...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Milan M Milutinović, Jovana V Bogojeski, Olivera Klisurić, Andreas Scheurer, Sofi K C Elmroth, Živadin D Bugarčić
A novel rhodium(iii) complex [Rh(III)(H2L(tBu))Cl3] (1) (H2L(tBu) = 2,6-bis(5-tert-butyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)pyridine) containing a pincer type, tridentate nitrogen-donor chelate system was synthesized. Single crystal X-ray structure analysis revealed that 1 crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pbcn with a = 20.7982(6), b = 10.8952(4), c = 10.9832(4) Å, V = 2488.80(15) Å(3), and eight molecules in the unit cell. The rhodium center in the complex [Rh(III)(H2L(tBu))Cl3] (1) is coordinated in a slightly distorted octahedral geometry by the tridentate N,N,N-donor and three chloro ligands, adopting a mer arrangement with an essentially planar ligand skeleton...
October 4, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Meng Hu, Martin Krauss, Werner Brack, Tobias Schulze
Liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) is a well-established technique for nontarget screening of contaminants in complex environmental samples. Automatic peak detection is essential, but its performance has only rarely been assessed and optimized so far. With the aim to fill this gap, we used pristine water extracts spiked with 78 contaminants as a test case to evaluate and optimize chromatogram and spectral data processing. To assess whether data acquisition strategies have a significant impact on peak detection, three values of MS cycle time (CT) of an LTQ Orbitrap instrument were tested...
November 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Zhengwei Zhang, Yuanting Zhou, Zhifang Xie, Tiantian Chen, Yan Gu, Shui Lu, Zhifeng Wu
The purpose of the current study was to investigate the effect of topical atropine on choroidal thickness using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. A total of 30 healthy eyes from 30 children were analyzed in this study. A single drop of 1% atropine gel was administered twice daily for a week. Choroidal thickness (CT) was measured using SD-OCT, and changes in CT before and after administration of the eye drops were analyzed at the subfovea and at 1.0-mm intervals (up to 3.0 mm) from the fovea at superior, inferior, nasal, and temporal locations...
October 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
Nenad Joksimović, Dejan Baskić, Suzana Popović, Milan Zarić, Marijana Kosanić, Branislav Ranković, Tatjana Stanojković, Sladjana B Novaković, Goran Davidović, Zorica Bugarčić, Nenad Janković
A serie of novel square pyramidal copper(ii) complexes [Cu(L)2H2O] (3a-d) with O,O-bidentate ligands [L = ethyl-2-hydroxy-4-aryl-4-oxo-2-butenoate; aryl = 3-methoxyphenyl-2a, (E)-2-phenylvinyl-2b, (E)-2-(4'-hydroxy-3'-methoxyphenyl)vinyl-2c, 3-nitrophenyl-2d, 2-thienyl-2e] were synthesized and characterized by spectral (UV-Vis, IR, ESI-MS and EPR), elemental and X-ray analysis. The antimicrobial activity was estimated by the determination of the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) using the broth microdilution method...
September 27, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
V Violet Dhayabaran, T Daniel Prakash, R Renganathan, Elsa Friehs, Detlef W Bahnemann
Novel bioactive complexes of Co(II), Cu(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) metal ions with Schiff base ligand derived from histidine and 1,3-indandione were synthesized and thoroughly characterized by various analytical and spectral techniques. The biological investigations were carried out to examine the efficiency of the binding interaction of all the complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA). The binding properties were studied and evaluated quantitatively by Kb and Ksq values using UV-visible, fluorescence spectroscopy and voltammetric techniques...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Fluorescence
Víctor González-Pérez, Estanislao Arana, María Barrios, Albert Bartrés, Julia Cruz, Rafael Montero, Manuel González, Carlos Deltoro, Encarnación Martínez-Pérez, Karol De Aguiar-Quevedo, Miguel Arrarás
PURPOSE: To determine whether parameters generated by Dual-Energy Computed Tomography (DECT) can distinguish malignant from benign lung lesions. METHODS: A prospective review of 125 patients with 126 lung lesions (23 benign and 103 malignant) who underwent lung DECT during arterial phase. All lesions were confirmed by tissue sampling. A radiologist semi-automatically contoured lesions and placed regions of interest (ROIs) in paravertebral muscle (PVM) for normalization...
October 2016: European Journal of Radiology
Md Wahadoszamen, Erica Belgio, Md Ashiqur Rahman, Anjue Mane Ara, Alexander V Ruban, Rienk van Grondelle
Aggregation induced conformational change of light harvesting antenna complexes is believed to constitute one of the pathways through which photosynthetic organisms can safely dissipate the surplus of energy while exposed to saturating light. In this study, Stark fluorescence (SF) spectroscopy is applied to minor antenna complexes (CP24, CP26 and CP29) both in their light-harvesting and energy-dissipating states to trace and characterize different species generated upon energy dissipation through aggregation (in-vitro) induced conformational change...
September 23, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Meike Weis, Thomas Henzler, John W Nance, Holger Haubenreisser, Mathias Meyer, Sonja Sudarski, Stefan O Schoenberg, K Wolfgang Neff, Claudia Hagelstein
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this prospective randomized controlled study was to compare 2 techniques for radiation dose reduction in non-contrast-enhanced pediatric chest computed tomography (CT): low peak kilovoltage imaging at 70 kVp and spectral beam shaping at 100 kVp using a dedicated tin filter (100-kVp Sn). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All chest CT examinations were performed on a third-generation dual-source CT system (SOMATOM Force; Siemens Healthineers, Germany). Fifty children (mean age, 6...
September 22, 2016: Investigative Radiology
Renato Antunes Schiave Germano, Marcelo Hatanaka, Remo Susanna
PURPOSE: To evaluate variations in choroidal thickness (CT) during the water drinking test (WDT) in emmetropic eyes (EE) and highly myopic eyes (ME) using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT). METHODS: Clinical trial performed at a tertiary care hospital comprising 30 randomly selected eyes. The WDT and SD-OCT macular scans were performed 10 and 45 min after water ingestion in 15 myopic and 15 EE of 15 healthy patients in each group. Primary study outcomes were average macular CT measured by SD-OCT and intraocular pressure (IOP) during the WDT...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Benjamin M Yeh, Paul F FitzGerald, Peter M Edic, Jack W Lambert, Robert E Colborn, Michael E Marino, Paul M Evans, Jeannette C Roberts, Zhen J Wang, Margaret J Wong, Peter J Bonitatibus
The introduction of spectral CT imaging in the form of fast clinical dual-energy CT enabled contrast material to be differentiated from other radiodense materials, improved lesion detection in contrast-enhanced scans, and changed the way that existing iodine and barium contrast materials are used in clinical practice. More profoundly, spectral CT can differentiate between individual contrast materials that have different reporter elements such that high-resolution CT imaging of multiple contrast agents can be obtained in a single pass of the CT scanner...
September 9, 2016: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
AyşeÖzköse Çiçek, Necati Duru, Zeynep Duru, Orhan Altunel, Arzu Seyhan Karatepe Haşhaş, Hasan Basri Arifoğlu, Bedirhan Alabay, Mustafa Ataş
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of Valsalva maneuver (VM) on choroidal thickness. METHODS: All the volunteers underwent a detailed opthalmic examination. Third-generation Spectralis OCT device (software version; Spectralis OCT, Heidelberg Engineering, Dossenheim, Germany) was used for assessment. Subfoveal and perifoveal CT of all volunteers were measured by using EDI-OCT technology. Perifoveal CT was measured 1500 µm nasally and 1500 µm temporally apart from the foveal center...
September 12, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Mehmet Giray Ersoz, Duygu Kunak Mart, Emre Ayintap, Leyla Hazar, Irfan Botan Gunes, Seda Karaca Adiyeke, Beysim Dogan
PURPOSE: To investigate whether there is a difference between primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients and control group with regard to choroidal thickness (CT) and the factors influencing CT. METHODS: Ninety eyes of 90 patients who were being followed up with POAG and 72 eyes of 72 healthy subjects matched for age and gender were included. Peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT), peripapillary CT, lamina cribrosa thickness (LCT), and prelaminar tissue thickness (PTT) were measured with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) enhanced depth imaging (EDI) in all patients...
September 12, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Jingang Liu, Wenjuan Wang, Xingsheng Zhao, Zhen Shen, Weiguang Shao, Xizhen Wang, Lixin Li, Bin Wang
INTRODUCTION: To explore the value of gemstone spectral imaging (GSI) and metal artefact reduction sequence (MARs) to reduce the artefacts of metal seeds. METHODS: Thirty-five patients with (125) I seed implantation in their abdomens underwent GSI CT. Six types of monochromatic images and the corresponding MARs images at 60-110 keV (interval of 10 keV) were reconstructed. The differences in the quality of the images of three imaging methods were subjectively assessed by three radiologists...
October 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
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