keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Intermediate care

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916417/in-hospital-clinical-outcomes-after-upper-gastrointestinal-surgery-data-from-an-international-observational-study
#1
T Szakmany, J Ditai, M Kirov, D Protsenko, B Osinaike, A Venara, N Demartines, M Hubner, R M Pearse, J R Prowle
AIMS: Previous research suggests that patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal surgery are at high risk of poor postoperative outcomes. The aim of our study was to describe patient outcomes after elective upper gastrointestinal surgery at a global level. METHODS: Prospective analysis of data collected during an international seven-day cohort study of 474 hospitals in 27 countries. Patients undergoing elective upper gastrointestinal surgery were recruited. Outcome measures were in-hospital complications and mortality at 30-days...
August 18, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915247/trends-and-correlates-of-cystic-echinococcosis-in-chile-2001-2012
#2
Soledad Colombe, Eri Togami, Fkadu Gelaw, Marina Antillon, Rodrigo Fuentes, Daniel Martin Weinberger
Echinococcosis is a neglected zoonotic disease affecting over 1 million people worldwide at any given time. It is the leading cause of hospital admissions for parasitic diseases in Chile. We conducted a retrospective investigation of hospitalized cases to describe the epidemiological trends of echinococcosis in Chile. We also examined the potential environmental risk factors for echinococcosis hospitalization rates. Through nation-wide hospital discharge data, a total of 11,516 hospitalized patients with cystic echinococcosis were identified between January 2001 and December 2012...
September 15, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913495/improvement-of-recovery-parameters-using-patient-controlled-epidural-analgesia-after-oncological-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-single-center-study
#3
Armeana Olimpia Zgâia, Cosmin Ioan Lisencu, Alexandru Rogobete, Cătălin Vlad, Patriciu Achimaş-Cadariu, Gabriel Lazăr, Maximilian Muntean, Florin Ignat, Vlad Ormindean, Alexandru Irimie
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) versus conventional opioid intravenous (IV) infusion after gastrointestinal cancer surgery regarding several post-surgery parameters of recovery. METHODS: One hundred and one patients were prospectively randomized to receive either thoracic/lumbar PCEA (PCEA group) or the standard analgesia technique used in our hospital, conventional IV infusion of morphine (IVMO group) after gastrointestinal cancer surgery...
April 2017: Rom J Anaesth Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911354/drug-resistance-patterns-among-extra-pulmonary-tuberculosis-cases-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-north-india
#4
S K Sharma, J Chaubey, B K Singh, R Sharma, A Mittal, A Sharma
BACKGROUND: xtra-pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is a growing public health concern, and data on drug resistance are limited. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Specimens from 2468 clinically diagnosed EPTB patients received at the Intermediate Reference Laboratory (IRL) of a tertiary centre in India were subjected to Ziehl-Neelsen staining, Xpert® MTB/RIF testing, liquid culture and drug susceptibility testing (DST) using automated BACTEC MGIT™ 960™. Line-probe assay (LPA) was performed on all culture-positive isolates...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904770/islands-mainland-and-terrestrial-fragments-how-isolation-shapes-plant-diversity
#5
Emi Martín-Queller, Cécile H Albert, Pierre-Jean Dumas, Arne Saatkamp
The fragmentation of natural habitats is a major threat for biodiversity. However, the impact and spatial scale of natural isolation mechanisms leading to species loss, compared to anthropogenic fragmentation, are not clear, mainly due to differences between fragments and islands, such as matrix permeability. We studied a 500 km(2) Mediterranean region in France, including urban habitat fragments, continuous habitat, and continental-shelf islands. On the basis of 295 floristic relevés, we built species-area relationships to compare isolation in fragments after urbanization, with continuous habitat and continental-shelf islands...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901234/risk-factors-for-unfavorable-outcomes-after-bidirectional-cavopulmonary-anastomosis
#6
Nataliya R Nichay, Yuriy N Gorbatykh, Igor A Kornilov, Ilya A Soynov, Yuriy Y Kulyabin, Artem V Gorbatykh, Sergey M Ivantsov, Alexander V Bogachev-Prokophiev, Alexander M Karaskov
BACKGROUND: Bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis (BCPA) is an important preliminary step toward the Fontan procedure; thus, understanding of risk factors for morbidity and mortality after BCPA may ultimately promote improved rates of success with Fontan completion and general survival. This study evaluated survival and predictors of unfavorable outcomes in patients after BCPA. METHODS: Clinical data of 157 patients who underwent BCPA from 2003 to 2015 at a single center were retrospectively analyzed...
September 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895666/current-standards-of-surgical-management-in-primary-melanoma
#7
Matthew C Perez, Sonia T Orcutt, Jonathan S Zager
Melanoma accounts for the majority of skin cancer-related deaths, and its incidence continues to rise worldwide. While advanced disease has historically been associated with poor long-term survival, early-stage disease has a favorable prognosis and therefore, early diagnosis is paramount. Resection of primary melanoma requires a balance of maximizing oncological outcome while minimizing morbidity. Wide excision with 1-2 cm margins, depending on depth of the tumor, is the standard of care for surgical treatment of primary, invasive melanoma...
September 12, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894557/clinico-pathological-spectrum-and-novel-karyotypic-findings-in-myelodysplastic-syndrome-experience-of-tertiary-care-center-in-india
#8
Ruchi Gupta, Khaliqur Rahman, Manish Kumar Singh, Surabhi Kumari, Geeta Yadav, Soniya Nityanand
BACKGROUND: Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a heterogeneous disorder characterized clinically by the presence of cytopenia/s. Limited data are available about the morphological spectrum and cytogenetic profile of Indian MDS patients. The aim of the study was to ascertain the clinico-pathological, morphological and cytogenetic spectrum of Indian MDS patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all patients diagnosed with MDS from June 2012 to December 2016 was performed...
2017: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891217/reproducibility-of-f18-fdg-pet-radiomic-features-for-different-cervical-tumor-segmentation-methods-gray-level-discretization-and-reconstruction-algorithms
#9
Baderaldeen A Altazi, Geoffrey G Zhang, Daniel C Fernandez, Michael E Montejo, Dylan Hunt, Joan Werner, Matthew C Biagioli, Eduardo G Moros
Site-specific investigations of the role of radiomics in cancer diagnosis and therapy are emerging. We evaluated the reproducibility of radiomic features extracted from (18) Flourine-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18) F-FDG) PET images for three parameters: manual versus computer-aided segmentation methods, gray-level discretization, and PET image reconstruction algorithms. Our cohort consisted of pretreatment PET/CT scans from 88 cervical cancer patients. Two board-certified radiation oncologists manually segmented the metabolic tumor volume (MTV1 and MTV2 ) for each patient...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888753/the-role-of-gut-microbiome-in-the-pathogenesis-of-prostate-cancer-a-prospective-pilot-study
#10
David M Golombos, Abimbola Ayangbesan, Padraic O'Malley, Patrick Lewicki, LaMont Barlow, Christopher E Barbieri, Chrystal Chan, Casey DuLong, Galeb Abu-Ali, Curtis Huttenhower, Douglas S Scherr
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate potential biomarkers or mechanistic principles involved with the gut microbiota and its impact on prostate cancer pathogenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective case-control pilot study evaluating the gut microbiome of 20 men with either benign prostatic conditions (n = 8) or intermediate/high risk clinically localized prostate cancer (Gleason ≥4+3 cN0M0) (n = 12) undergoing care at tertiary referral center from 9/1/2015 - 3/1/2016...
September 6, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888417/american-brachytherapy-society-recurrent-carcinoma-of-the-endometrium-task-force-patterns-of-care-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Mitchell Kamrava, Sushil Beriwal, Beth Erickson, David Gaffney, Anuja Jhingran, Ann Klopp, Sang June Park, Akila Viswanathan, Catheryn Yashar, Lilie Lin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this American Brachytherapy Society task force is to present a literature review and patterns of care by a panel of experts for the management of vaginal recurrence of endometrial cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In 2016, the American Brachytherapy Society Board selected a panel of experts in gynecologic brachytherapy to update our current state of knowledge for managing vaginal recurrence of endometrial cancer. Practice patterns were evaluated via an online survey and clinical updates occurred through a combination of literature review and clinical experience and/or expertise...
September 6, 2017: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888309/head-and-neck-reconstruction
#12
REVIEW
Shannon Wong, Alyson Melin, Debra Reilly
Management of head and neck burns involves acute and intermediate phases. Acutely, the goals are establish a secure airway and treat life-threatening injuries. Then, optimize nutrition, assess extent of the burn, perform local wound care, and provide eye protection. Management depends on the degree of the head and neck burn. Postinjury splinting and rehabilitation are vital to healing. After the acute inflammation has resolved and the scars have matured, reconstruction begins with the goals of restoring both function and aesthetics...
October 2017: Clinics in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888273/multinational-and-multiethnic-variations-in-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#13
Nancy Luo, Tiew-Hwa Katherine Teng, Wan Ting Tay, Inder S Anand, William E Kraus, Houng Bang Liew, Lieng Hsi Ling, Christopher M O'Connor, Ileana L Piña, A Mark Richards, Wataru Shimizu, David J Whellan, Jonathan Yap, Carolyn S P Lam, Robert J Mentz
BACKGROUND: Assessing health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with heart failure (HF) is an important goal of clinical care and HF research. We sought to investigate ethnic differences in perceived HRQoL and its association with mortality among patients with HF and left ventricular ejection fraction ≤35%, controlling for demographic characteristics and HF severity. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared 5697 chronic HF patients of Indian (26%), white (23%), Chinese (17%), Japanese/Koreans (12%), black (12%), and Malay (10%) ethnicities from the HF-ACTION and ASIAN-HF multinational studies using the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ; range 0-100; higher scores reflect better health status)...
September 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888126/rural-urban-disparities-in-unmet-long-term-care-needs-in-china-the-role-of-the-hukou-status
#14
Yumei Zhu, August Österle
This article studies rural-urban disparities in unmet long-term care (LTC) needs in China. Firstly, it investigates the prevalence of unmet LTC needs for three populations which differ according to the extent of LTC needs. Secondly, it examines the impact of having rural or urban hukou registration status and rural or urban residence. The analysis is based on the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) 2013. The broadly, intermediately and narrowly defined LTC population comprises, respectively, 3,682, 1002 and 446 functionally disabled people aged 45 and older...
August 24, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882092/bayesian-sensitivity-analysis-for-unmeasured-confounding-in-causal-mediation-analysis
#15
Lawrence C McCandless, Julian M Somers
Causal mediation analysis techniques enable investigators to examine whether the effect of the exposure on an outcome is mediated by some intermediate variable. Motivated by a data example from epidemiology, we consider estimation of natural direct and indirect effects on a survival outcome. An important concern is bias from confounders that may be unmeasured. Estimating natural direct and indirect effects requires an elaborate series of assumptions in order to identify the target quantities. The analyst must carefully measure and adjust for important predictors of the exposure, mediator and outcome...
January 1, 2017: Statistical Methods in Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880724/prevalence-of-recent-antimicrobial-exposure-among-elective-surgical-patients
#16
Christopher A Guidry, Robert G Sawyer
BACKGROUND: The annual prevalence of antimicrobial exposure is high in the outpatient setting and should be a common exposure for surgical patients. Antimicrobials have negative side effects and may be associated with poor outcomes. Logically, one would expect surgical patients to be particularly susceptible to any negative effects of recent antimicrobial exposure. Despite these observations, however, the prevalence of recent antimicrobial exposure among surgical patients remains undefined...
September 7, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877388/motivation-of-the-nurses-in-pre-hospital-emergency-and-educational-hospitals-emergency-in-the-southeast-of-iran
#17
Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri, Gholamreza Khademipour, Mahmoud Nekoei-Moghadam, Mohsen Aminizadeh
INTRODUCTION: Nurses, as the largest human resource element of health care systems, have a major role in providing ongoing, high-quality care to patients. Therefore, due to the importance of this issue, this study aimed to determine job motivation of the nurses in pre-hospital and educational hospitals emergency in the southeast of Iran. METHODS: In this study, a cross-sectional method was used, and it was conducted in educational hospitals and pre-hospital emergencies under supervision of the Kerman University of Medical Sciences in 2017...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875216/a-crystalline-alpo4-5-intermediate-designed-synthesis-structure-and-phase-transformation
#18
Cong Lin, Jian Li, Fengjuan Pan, Yifang Zhao, Le Xu, Yanquan Yang, Xin Du, Xiaohuan Lin, Fuhui Liao, Jianhua Lin, Tao Yang, Junliang Sun
AlPO4-5 is the most extensively studied material in exploring the crystallization mechanism of aluminophosphate molecular sieves, and it can be synthesized using 4-dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP) as an organic structure-directing agent (OSDA). Achieving the AlPO4-5 intermediate in the crystalline form would be of great importance and significance for this purpose. In this study, we proposed a concept that by carefully regulating the synthesis conditions, crystalline alumimophosphate intermediates could be rationally prepared...
September 6, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874177/improving-diets-and-nutrition-through-an-integrated-poultry-value-chain-and-nutrition-intervention-selever-in-burkina-faso-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-trial
#19
Aulo Gelli, Elodie Becquey, Rasmane Ganaba, Derek Headey, Melissa Hidrobo, Lieven Huybregts, Hans Verhoef, Romain Kenfack, Sita Zongouri, Hannah Guedenet
BACKGROUND: The SELEVER study is designed to evaluate the impact of an integrated agriculture-nutrition package of interventions (including poultry value chain development, women's empowerment activities, and a behavior change communications strategy to promote improved diets and feeding, care, and hygiene practices) on the diets, health, and nutritional status of women and children in Burkina Faso. This paper presents the rationale and study design. METHODS: The impact evaluation involves a cluster randomized controlled trial design that will be implemented in 120 rural communities/villages within 60 communes supported by SELEVER in the Boucle de Mouhoun, Centre-Ouest, and Haut-Bassins regions of Burkina Faso...
September 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872534/morphological-analysis-of-true-acetabulum-in-hip-dysplasia-crowe-classes-i-iv-via-3-d-implantation-simulation
#20
Yuhui Yang, Jianlin Zuo, Tong Liu, Jianlin Xiao, Shuanglu Liu, Zhongli Gao
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the 3-dimensional (3D) morphological features of the true acetabulum in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). METHODS: Seventy-nine hips-53 in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and 36 normal hips-were included in the present study. According to the Crowe classification, 26 hips were graded as Class I, 31 were Class II or III, and 22 were Class IV. The anterior pelvic plane was defined to standardize the measurements in the study...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
keyword
keyword
18190
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"