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Data breach

Nathalie Devillier
In the field of health, IoT devices, mobile apps, and online communities generate an enormous amount of data. However, health data benefit from a precise legal definition and protection as sensitive data, whereas well-being data have no specific legal regime. Since those data may contribute to identify individuals' health status, there are potential breaches to confidentiality and privacy. Recent European cases (ECHR and ECJ) reaffirms citizens' fundamental rights to privacy and family life, and to an effective remedy...
October 27, 2017: Journal International de Bioéthique et D'éthique des Sciences
Safâa Achnak, Yannick Griep, Tim Vantilborgh
Previous research showed that perceptions of psychological contract (PC) breach have undesirable individual and organizational consequences. Surprisingly, the PC literature has paid little to no attention to the relationship between PC breach perceptions and stress. A better understanding of how PC breach may elicit stress seems crucial, given that stress plays a key role in employees' physical and mental well-being. Based on Conservation of Resources Theory, we suggest that PC breach perceptions represent a perceived loss of valued resources, subsequently leading employees to experience higher stress levels resulting from emerging negative emotions...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Melanie Birks, John Smithson, Janene Antney, Lin Zhao, Camilla Burkot
BACKGROUND: Universities' responsibility to ensure academic integrity is frustrated by software and communication tools that facilitate content reuse coupled with a growing international essay writing economy. A wide range of behaviours constitute academic dishonesty and while a complex phenomenon to examine, existing evidence suggests that there is sufficient proliferation (both in volume and variety) of these behaviours among Australian university students to warrant concern. This proliferation presents faculty and staff with new challenges in ensuring academic integrity...
March 2, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Mohammed Firdouse, Karen Devon, Ahmed Kayssi, Jeremy Goldfarb, Peter Rossos, Tulin D Cil
BACKGROUND: Text messaging has become ubiquitous and is being increasingly used within the health care system. The purpose of this study was to understand texting practices for clinical communication among staff surgeons at a large academic institution. METHODS: Staff surgeons in 4 subspecialties (vascular, plastics, urology, and general surgery) were surveyed electronically. RESULTS: A total of 62 surgeons from general surgery (n = 33), vascular surgery (n = 6), plastic surgery (n = 13), and urology (n = 10) completed the study (response rate 30%)...
March 1, 2018: Surgical Innovation
Richard J Napier, Brendan J Gallagher, Darrin S Wilson
Background: The 1994 Northern Ireland ceasefire heralded a new beginning for the region after 30-years of violence. In the 20-years following the cessation of hostilities, paramilitary punishment attacks continue to occur in breach of the ceasefire. The aim of this study was to review trends in these attacks over the 20-years and their impact on orthopaedic services. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of patients admitted under orthopaedic services following paramilitary assault across Northern Ireland over the last 20-years...
May 2017: Ulster Medical Journal
Canaan Aumua, Sanjeev Krishna, Udaya Samarakkody, Danny de Lore
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate whether racial disparities in healthcare exist within a New Zealand pediatric surgical outreach service in a high indigenous Māori population. METHODOLOGY: This retrospective study assessed all pediatric surgical procedures performed within a secondary center in New Zealand between May 2014 and May 2016. The days between the date of surgery booking on the waiting list and actual date of surgery were calculated and compared to their corresponding elective surgery waiting target times set by the New Zealand Ministry of Health (MoH)...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Tobias P Loka, Simon H Tausch, Piotr Wojciech Dabrowski, Aleksandar Radonic, Andreas Nitsche, Bernhard Y Renard
Motivation: In Next Generation Sequencing (NGS), re-identification of individuals and other privacy-breaching strategies can be applied even for anonymized data. This also holds true for applications in which human DNA is acquired as a by-product, e.g. for viral or metagenomic samples from a human host. Conventional data protection strategies including cryptography and post-hoc filtering are only appropriate for the final and processed sequencing data. This can result in an insufficient level of data protection and a considerable time delay in the further analysis workflow...
March 6, 2018: Bioinformatics
Niam Yaraghi, Ram D Gopal
Policy Points: Frequent data breaches in the US health care system undermine the privacy of millions of patients every year-a large number of which happen among business associates of the health care providers that continue to gain unprecedented access to patients' data as the US health care system becomes digitally integrated. Implementation of the HIPAA Omnibus Rules in 2013 has led to a significant decrease in the number of privacy breach incidents among business associates. CONTEXT: Frequent data breaches in the US health care system undermine the privacy of millions of patients every year...
March 2018: Milbank Quarterly
Michelle M Mello, Julia Adler-Milstein, Karen L Ding, Lucia Savage
Policy Points: Historically, in addition to economic and technical hurdles, state and federal health information privacy laws have been cited as a significant obstacle to expanding electronic health information exchange (HIE) in the United States. Our review finds that over the past decade, several helpful developments have ameliorated the legal barriers to HIE, although variation in states' patient consent requirements remains a challenge. Today, health care providers' complaints about legal obstacles to HIE may be better understood as reflecting concerns about the economic and competitive risks of information sharing...
March 2018: Milbank Quarterly
Kayte Spector-Bagdady, Andrew G Shuman
Clinical data registries are perhaps one of the most powerful outcomes of electronic medical records, and their benefits are projected to redound to patients and clinicians across the nation. The American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation's Reg-ent fits within the conceptual framework of a learning health system. Because the data within this system are deidentified, research informed consent is not legally required. But ethical concerns remain regarding whether and how to best notify, and whether to obtain consent from, patients whose data are included...
March 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Andrew Kozlov, Lorenzo Bean, Emilie V Hill, Lisa Zhao, Eric Li, Gary P Wang
Background: Intra-abdominal abscesses are localized collections of pus, which generally arise from a breach in the normal mucosal defense barrier that allows bacteria from gastrointestinal tract, and less commonly from the gynecologic or urinary tract, to induce inflammation, resulting in an infection. The microbiology of these abscesses is usually polymicrobial, associated with the primary disease process. However, the microbial identity, diversity and richness in intra-abdominal abscesses have not been well characterized, due in part to the difficulty in cultivating commensal organisms using standard culture-based techniques...
February 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
Sophie Rintoul-Hoad, Andrew Shindler, Gordon H Muir
Photographs are frequently taken during urological presentations and distributed on social media; they may represent a breach of copyright and, in instances of clinical photographs, a breach of data protection and human rights laws. Presenters and delegates attending conferences should be advised of the conference's copyright policies. Acceptable use of camera phones during scientific presentations should be debated by the scientific community.
February 20, 2018: European Urology
Meghan Hufstader Gabriel, Alice Noblin, Ashley Rutherford, Amanda Walden, Kendall Cortelyou-Ward
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to describe the locations in hospitals where data are breached, the types of breaches that occur most often at hospitals, and hospital characteristics, including health information technology (IT) sophistication and biometric security capabilities, that may be predicting factors of large data breaches that affect 500 or more patients. STUDY DESIGN: The Office of Civil Rights breach data from healthcare providers regarding breaches that affected 500 or more individuals from 2009 to 2016 were linked with hospital characteristics from the Health Information Management Systems Society and the American Hospital Association Health IT Supplement databases...
February 2018: American Journal of Managed Care
Wiktor Urbanski, Wojciech Jurasz, Michal Wolanczyk, Miroslaw Kulej, Piotr Morasiewicz, Szymon Lukasz Dragan, Rafal Zaluski, Grzegorz Miekisiak, Szymon Feliks Dragan
BACKGROUND: The clinical value of pedicle screws in spinal deformity surgery is well known; however, screw insertion is demanding and sometimes associated with complications. Navigation systems based on intraoperatively obtained three-dimensional (3-D) images were developed to minimize pedicle screw misplacements. However, there is a lack of data confirming superiority of navigation above other techniques. There are also concerns regarding increased radiation used during the procedure...
February 8, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Susan Kirkpatrick, Louise Locock, Albert Farre, Sara Ryan, Helen Salisbury, Janet E McDonagh
BACKGROUND: We explore the concept of "untimely diagnosis," where the onset of a long-term condition occurs at a life stage which does not conform to traditional expectations, focusing on two conditions (asthma and arthritis) typically associated with a particular life stage (childhood and older adulthood, respectively). Previous literature has focused on the meaning of chronic illness in terms of life history, and the biographical lens has been used in various ways to make sense of the experience...
February 9, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
Namita Mishra, Meely Panda, Souvik Pyne, Nallala Srinivas, Sandipana Pati, Sanghamitra Pati
Background: Promoting family planning practices aid considerably in attaining Millennium Development Goals by various mechanisms. Despite concerted health system efforts, adoption of especially reversible contraceptive methods such as intrauterine devices (IUDs) has remained negatively skewed in India, which is the pioneer country to implement Family Planning programme way back in 1952. Although few studies in India have looked into the reasons for its nonacceptance, literature from Odisha was scant and hence the study was undertaken...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Hans Ulrich Scherer, Tom W J Huizinga, Gerhard Krönke, Georg Schett, Rene E M Toes
The immune response to citrullinated antigens is found almost exclusively in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It is a dynamic response that expands before the onset of disease and generates antibodies (anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs)) that are extensively glycosylated in the variable domain. This feature of ACPAs is remarkable and warrants detailed investigation, as it can offer insights into the earliest immunologic mechanisms that lead up to the development of RA. The acquisition of variable domain glycans, in fact, could enable ACPA-expressing B cells to breach tolerance...
March 2018: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
Donald A Redelmeier, Nicole C Kraus
BACKGROUND: Electronic patient portals provide a new method for sharing personal medical information with individual patients. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to review utilization patterns of the largest online patient portal in Canada's largest city. METHODS: We conducted a 4-year time-trend analysis of aggregated anonymous utilization data of the MyChart patient portal at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre in Ontario, Canada, from January 1, 2012, through December 31, 2015...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Cindy Sage, Lennart Hardell
Wireless-enabled headsets that connect to the internet can provide remote transcribing of patient examination notes. Audio and video can be captured and transmitted by wireless signals sent from the computer screen in the frame of the glasses. But using wireless glass-type devices can expose the user to a specific absorption rates (SAR) of 1.11-1.46 W/kg of radiofrequency radiation. That RF intensity is as high as or higher than RF emissions of some cell phones. Prolonged use of cell phones used ipsilaterally at the head has been associated with statistically significant increased risk of glioma and acoustic neuroma...
February 5, 2018: Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine
Angelina Patrick Olesen, Latifah Amin, Zurina Mahadi
This paper offers a qualitative analysis of research misconduct witnessed by researchers during their careers, either by research students or fellow researchers when conducting or supervising research in their respective departments. Interviews were conducted with 21 participants from various research backgrounds and with a range of research experience, from selected universities in Malaysia. Our study found that misbehavior such as, manipulating research data, misrepresentation of research outcomes, plagiarism, authorship disputes, breaching of research protocols and unethical research management, were witnessed by participants among junior and senior researchers, albeit for different reasons...
February 2, 2018: Accountability in Research
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