keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Freedom of Information

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737168/distribution-of-high-dimensional-entanglement-via-an-intra-city-free-space-link
#1
Fabian Steinlechner, Sebastian Ecker, Matthias Fink, Bo Liu, Jessica Bavaresco, Marcus Huber, Thomas Scheidl, Rupert Ursin
Quantum entanglement is a fundamental resource in quantum information processing and its distribution between distant parties is a key challenge in quantum communications. Increasing the dimensionality of entanglement has been shown to improve robustness and channel capacities in secure quantum communications. Here we report on the distribution of genuine high-dimensional entanglement via a 1.2-km-long free-space link across Vienna. We exploit hyperentanglement, that is, simultaneous entanglement in polarization and energy-time bases, to encode quantum information, and observe high-visibility interference for successive correlation measurements in each degree of freedom...
July 24, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736930/technical-note-mobile-accelerator-guidance-using-an-optical-tracker-during-docking-in-ioert-procedures
#2
Eugenio Marinetto, Juan González Victores, Mónica García-Sevilla, Mercedes Muñoz, Felipe Ángel Calvo, Carlos Balaguer, Manuel Desco, Javier Pascau
PURPOSE: Intraoperative electron radiation therapy (IOERT) involves the delivery of a high radiation dose during tumor resection in a shorter time than other radiation techniques, thus improving local control of tumors. However, a linear accelerator device is needed to produce the beam safely. Mobile linear accelerators have been designed as dedicated units that can be moved into the operating room and deliver radiation in situ. Correct and safe dose delivery is a key concern when using mobile accelerators...
July 24, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732036/an-accurate-coarse-grained-model-for-chitosan-polysaccharides-in-aqueous-solution
#3
Levan Tsereteli, Andrea Grafmüller
Computational models can provide detailed information about molecular conformations and interactions in solution, which is currently inaccessible by other means in many cases. Here we describe an efficient and precise coarse-grained model for long polysaccharides in aqueous solution at different physico-chemical conditions such as pH and ionic strength. The Model is carefully constructed based on all-atom simulations of small saccharides and metadynamics sampling of the dihedral angles in the glycosidic links, which represent the most flexible degrees of freedom of the polysaccharides...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728947/an-actual-load-forecasting-methodology-by-interval-grey-modeling-based-on-the-fractional-calculus
#4
Yang Yang, Dingyü Xue
The operation processes for thermal power plant are measured by the real-time data, and a large number of historical interval data can be obtained from the dataset. Within defined periods of time, the interval information could provide important information for decision making and equipment maintenance. Actual load is one of the most important parameters, and the trends hidden in the historical data will show the overall operation status of the equipments. However, based on the interval grey parameter numbers, the modeling and prediction process is more complicated than the one with real numbers...
July 17, 2017: ISA Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725288/views-of-caregivers-on-the-ethics-of-assistive-technology-used-for-home-surveillance-of-people-living-with-dementia
#5
Maurice Mulvenna, Anton Hutton, Vivien Coates, Suzanne Martin, Stephen Todd, Raymond Bond, Anne Moorhead
This paper examines the ethics of using assistive technology such as video surveillance in the homes of people living with dementia. Ideation and concept elaboration around the introduction of a camera-based surveillance service in the homes of people with dementia, typically living alone, is explored. The paper reviews relevant literature on surveillance of people living with dementia, and summarises the findings from ideation and concept elaboration workshops, designed to capture the views of those involved in the care of people living with dementia at home...
2017: Neuroethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720500/essential-slow-degrees-of-freedom-in-protein-surface-simulations-a-metadynamics-investigation
#6
Arushi Prakash, K G Sprenger, Jim Pfaendtner
Many proteins exhibit strong binding affinities to surfaces, with binding energies much greater than thermal fluctuations. When modelling these protein-surface systems with classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, the large forces that exist at the protein/surface interface generally confine the system to a single free energy minimum. Exploring the full conformational space of the protein, especially finding other stable structures, becomes prohibitively expensive. Coupling MD simulations with metadynamics (enhanced sampling) has fast become a common method for sampling the adsorption of such proteins...
July 15, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720133/developing-a-questionnaire-to-determine-the-impact-of-self-management-in-diabetes-giving-people-with-diabetes-a-voice
#7
J Carlton, J Elliott, D Rowen, K Stevens, H Basarir, K Meadows, J Brazier
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is increasing dramatically, placing considerable financial burden on the healthcare budget of each country. Patient self-management is crucial for the control of blood glucose, which largely determines the chances of developing diabetes-related complications. Self-management interventions vary widely, and a method is required for assessing the impact of self-management. This paper describes the development of a questionnaire intended for use to measure the impact of self-management in diabetes...
July 18, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719140/do-english-mental-health-services-know-whether-they-followed-n-i-c-e-guidelines-with-patients-who-killed-themselves
#8
Jim Geekie, John Read, Julia Renton, Christopher Harrop
Freedom of Information Act requests sent to 51 NHS mental health providers in England showed an average of 20.5 suicides per organization. Only one provider, however, could report how many people that had killed themselves had been offered N.I.C.E. recommended psychological therapy. Information that might prevent suicides is being ignored. PRACTITIONER POINTS: Mental health services need, urgently, to develop data systems that can inform clinical team leaders about gaps in their services to suicidal people in their care Clinical psychologists have a particular responsibility to pressure managers to effectively monitor the provision of evidence-based treatments to suicidal people Trusts and commissioners must be aware of, and rectify, any failings of their services in relation to the prevention of suicide...
July 18, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718878/deep-brain-and-cortical-stimulation-for-epilepsy
#9
REVIEW
Mathieu Sprengers, Kristl Vonck, Evelien Carrette, Anthony G Marson, Paul Boon
BACKGROUND: Despite optimal medical treatment, including epilepsy surgery, many epilepsy patients have uncontrolled seizures. Since the 1970s interest has grown in invasive intracranial neurostimulation as a treatment for these patients. Intracranial stimulation includes both deep brain stimulation (DBS) (stimulation through depth electrodes) and cortical stimulation (subdural electrodes). This is an updated version of a previous Cochrane review published in 2014. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy, safety and tolerability of DBS and cortical stimulation for refractory epilepsy based on randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
July 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709269/sparse-modeling-approach-to-analytical-continuation-of-imaginary-time-quantum-monte-carlo-data
#10
Junya Otsuki, Masayuki Ohzeki, Hiroshi Shinaoka, Kazuyoshi Yoshimi
A data-science approach to solving the ill-conditioned inverse problem for analytical continuation is proposed. The root of the problem lies in the fact that even tiny noise of imaginary-time input data has a serious impact on the inferred real-frequency spectra. By means of a modern regularization technique, we eliminate redundant degrees of freedom that essentially carry the noise, leaving only relevant information unaffected by the noise. The resultant spectrum is represented with minimal bases and thus a stable analytical continuation is achieved...
June 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707641/comparing-the-academic-performance-of-graduate-entry-and-undergraduate-medical-students-at-a-uk-medical-school
#11
James Knight, Anthony P Stead, Thomas Oliver Geyton
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess whether graduate-entry (GE) medicine is a valid route to medical school in the United Kingdom. We set out to analyze the academic performance of GE students when compared with undergraduate (UG) students by assessing the representation of high achievers and students with fail grades within the two cohorts. METHODS: Using the Freedom of Information Act, we requested examination result data for the academic year 2013-2014 at St...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706215/synthetic-lattice-enabled-all-optical-devices-based-on-orbital-angular-momentum-of-light
#12
Xi-Wang Luo, Xingxiang Zhou, Jin-Shi Xu, Chuan-Feng Li, Guang-Can Guo, Chuanwei Zhang, Zheng-Wei Zhou
All-optical photonic devices are crucial for many important photonic technologies and applications, ranging from optical communication to quantum information processing. Conventional design of all-optical devices is based on photon propagation and interference in real space, which may rely on large numbers of optical elements, and the requirement of precise control makes this approach challenging. Here we propose an unconventional route for engineering all-optical devices using the photon's internal degrees of freedom, which form photonic crystals in such synthetic dimensions for photon propagation and interference...
July 14, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703178/an-investigation-into-the-variability-of-primary-care-oral-surgery-contracts-and-tariffs-in-england-and-wales-2014-2015
#13
R J Hierons, G Gerrard, R Jones
Primary care oral surgery services vary markedly throughout the country but until now there has been a paucity of data on these services. The British Association of Oral Surgeons (BAOS) primary care group (the authors) were tasked to gather data around primary care oral surgery contracts and tariffs and provide evidence-based recommendations on the commissioning of these services. Following a freedom of information (FOI) request, data were obtained for 27 English local area teams and seven Welsh local health boards...
June 9, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698335/risk-of-a-seizure-recurrence-after-a-breakthrough-seizure-and-the-implications-for-driving-further-analysis-of-the-standard-versus-new-antiepileptic-drugs-sanad-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
L J Bonnett, G A Powell, C Tudur Smith, A G Marson
OBJECTIVES: A breakthrough seizure is one occurring after at least 12 months seizure freedom while on treatment. The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) allows an individual to return to driving once they have been seizure free for 12 months following a breakthrough seizure. This is based on the assumption that the risk of a further seizure in the next 12 months has dropped <20%. This analysis considers whether the prescribed 1 year off driving following a breakthrough seizure is sufficient for this and stratifies risk according to clinical characteristics...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698329/a-cross-sectional-study-using-freedom-of-information-requests-to-evaluate-variation-in-local-authority-commissioning-of-community-pharmacy-public-health-services-in-england
#15
Adam John Mackridge, Nicola Jane Gray, Janet Krska
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to provide a national picture of the extent and nature of public health services commissioned by local authorities (LAs) from community pharmacies across England in financial year 2014/15. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of public health services commissioned in community pharmacies by LAs, gathered via freedom of information requests and documentary analysis. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: All 152 LAs in England. RESULTS: A total of 833 commissioned services were reported across England (range 3-10 per LA)...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688707/long-term-follow-up-of-bioprosthetic-aortic-valve-replacement-in-patients-aged-%C3%A2-60%C3%A2-years
#16
Amedeo Anselmi, Erwan Flecher, Celine Chabanne, Vito Giovanni Ruggieri, Thierry Langanay, Hervé Corbineau, Alain Leguerrier, Jean-Philippe Verhoye
OBJECTIVE: To address the long-term durability of bioprostheses used for aortic valve replacement (AVR) in adult patients aged ≤60 years at the time of surgery. METHODS: Through a retrospective review of a prospectively collected database, we identified 416 bioprosthetic AVRs performed between 1977 and 2013. A prospective follow-up of valve-related and non-valve-related events was performed. RESULTS: Follow-up was 98.5% complete (2423.1 patient-years; average, 6 ± 5...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684957/practice-guideline-summary-sudden-unexpected-death-in-epilepsy-incidence-rates-and-risk-factors-report-of-the-guideline-development-dissemination-and-implementation-subcommittee-of-the-american-academy-of-neurology-and-the-american-epilepsy-society
#17
Cynthia Harden, Torbjörn Tomson, David Gloss, Jeffrey Buchhalter, J Helen Cross, Elizabeth Donner, Jacqueline A French, Anthony Gil-Nagel, Dale C Hesdorffer, W Henry Smithson, Mark C Spitz, Thaddeus S Walczak, Josemir W Sander, Philippe Ryvlin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence rates of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) in different epilepsy populations and address the question of whether risk factors for SUDEP have been identified. METHODS: Systematic review of evidence; modified Grading Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation process for developing conclusions; recommendations developed by consensus. RESULTS: Findings for incidence rates based on 12 Class I studies include the following: SUDEP risk in children with epilepsy (aged 0-17 years) is 0...
May 2017: Epilepsy Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681500/continuous-support-for-women-during-childbirth
#18
REVIEW
Meghan A Bohren, G Justus Hofmeyr, Carol Sakala, Rieko K Fukuzawa, Anna Cuthbert
BACKGROUND: Historically, women have generally been attended and supported by other women during labour. However, in hospitals worldwide, continuous support during labour has often become the exception rather than the routine. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to assess the effects, on women and their babies, of continuous, one-to-one intrapartum support compared with usual care, in any setting. Secondary objectives were to determine whether the effects of continuous support are influenced by:1...
July 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680042/coherent-manipulation-of-valley-states-at-multiple-charge-configurations-of-a-silicon-quantum-dot-device
#19
Joshua S Schoenfield, Blake M Freeman, HongWen Jiang
Qubits based on silicon quantum dots are emerging as leading candidates for the solid-state implementation of quantum information processing. In silicon, valley states represent a degree of freedom in addition to spin and charge. Characterizing and controlling valley states is critical for the encoding and read-out of electrons-in-silicon-based qubits. Here, we report the coherent manipulation of a qubit, which is based on the two valley states of an electron confined in a silicon quantum dot. We carry out valley qubit operations at multiple charge configurations of the double quantum dot device...
July 5, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678690/emotional-freedom-techniques-to-treat-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-veterans-review-of-the-evidence-survey-of-practitioners-and-proposed-clinical-guidelines
#20
Dawson Church, Sheri Stern, Elizabeth Boath, Antony Stewart, David Feinstein, Morgan Clond
BACKGROUND: High prevalence rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in active military and veterans present a treatment challenge. Many PTSD studies have demonstrated the efficacy and safety of Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT). OBJECTIVES: To develop clinical best practice guidelines for the use of EFT to treat PTSD, on the basis of the published literature, practitioner experience, and typical case histories. METHODS: We surveyed 448 EFT practitioners to gather information on their experiences with PTSD treatment...
2017: Permanente Journal
keyword
keyword
18185
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"