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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352579/informed-consent-in-physiotherapy-practice-it-is-not-what-is-said-but-how-it-is-said
#1
G Copnell
This paper discusses the concept of informed consent in the context of contemporary biomedical ethics. A change in UK law regarding what information should be provided to patients has brought to the fore the role of physiotherapists in the process of gaining informed consent. It is important that physiotherapists are aware of how this change in the law will affect their practice. For an individual to consent, they need to have both the capacity and freedom to exercise rational thought. These concepts are challenged in contemporary biomedical ethics...
August 7, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349443/large-valley-polarization-in-monolayer-mote2-on-a-magnetic-substrate
#2
Ningbo Li, Jiayong Zhang, Yang Xue, Tong Zhou, Zhongqin Yang
On the basis of valley degree of freedom, there would be immense potential application in valleytronics. Introducing magnetism into triangular or hexagonal lattices is a promising route to realize valley polarization, which is indispensable for applying the valley degree of freedom. In this study, we explored valley polarization by depositing a heterostructure of a MoTe2 monolayer on the (0 0 1) surface of an antiferromagnetic RbMnCl3 substrate. First principles-calculations showed that due to proximity-induced Zeeman effects, the MoTe2 monolayer was drastically magnetized by the topmost Mn layer in the substrate and a very large valley splitting (about 109 meV) was achieved...
January 19, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347633/stochastic-thermodynamics-of-interacting-degrees-of-freedom-fluctuation-theorems-for-detached-path-probabilities
#3
Jannik Ehrich, Andreas Engel
Systems with interacting degrees of freedom play a prominent role in stochastic thermodynamics. Our aim is to use the concept of detached path probabilities and detached entropy production for bipartite Markov processes and elaborate on a series of special cases including measurement-feedback systems, sensors, and hidden Markov models. For these special cases we show that fluctuation theorems involving the detached entropy production recover known results which have been obtained separately before. Additionally, we show that the fluctuation relation for the detached entropy production can be used in model selection for data stemming from a hidden Markov model...
October 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342904/improved-coarray-interpolation-algorithms-with-additional-orthogonal-constraint-for-cyclostationary-signals
#4
Jinyang Song, Feng Shen
Many modulated signals exhibit a cyclostationarity property, which can be exploited in direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation to effectively eliminate interference and noise. In this paper, our aim is to integrate the cyclostationarity with the spatial domain and enable the algorithm to estimate more sources than sensors. However, DOA estimation with a sparse array is performed in the coarray domain and the holes within the coarray limit the usage of the complete coarray information. In order to use the complete coarray information to increase the degrees-of-freedom (DOFs), sparsity-aware-based methods and the difference coarray interpolation methods have been proposed...
January 14, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342091/dna-based-single-molecule-electronics-from-concept-to-function
#5
REVIEW
Kun Wang
Beyond being the repository of genetic information, DNA is playing an increasingly important role as a building block for molecular electronics. Its inherent structural and molecular recognition properties render it a leading candidate for molecular electronics applications. The structural stability, diversity and programmability of DNA provide overwhelming freedom for the design and fabrication of molecular-scale devices. In the past two decades DNA has therefore attracted inordinate amounts of attention in molecular electronics...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331124/characterizing-protein-conformations-by-correlation-analysis-of-coarse-grained-contact-matrices
#6
Richard J Lindsay, Jan Siess, David P Lohry, Trevor S McGee, Jordan S Ritchie, Quentin R Johnson, Tongye Shen
We have developed a method to capture the essential conformational dynamics of folded biopolymers using statistical analysis of coarse-grained segment-segment contacts. Previously, the residue-residue contact analysis of simulation trajectories was successfully applied to the detection of conformational switching motions in biomolecular complexes. However, the application to large protein systems (larger than 1000 amino acid residues) is challenging using the description of residue contacts. Also, the residue-based method cannot be used to compare proteins with different sequences...
January 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324410/decoding-motor-unit-activity-from-forearm-muscles-perspectives-for-myoelectric-control
#7
Tamas Kapelner, Francesco Negro, Oskar C Aszmann, Dario Farina
We prove the feasibility of decomposing high density surface EMG signals from forearm muscles in non-isometric wrist motor tasks of normally limbed and limb-deficient individuals with the perspective of using the decoded neural information for prosthesis control. For this purpose, we recorded surface EMG signals during motions of three degrees of freedom of the wrist in seven normally limbed subjects and two patients with limb deficiency. The signals were decomposed into individual motor unit activity with a convolutive blind source separation algorithm...
January 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321265/contribution-of-low-temperature-single-molecule-techniques-to-structural-issues-of-pigment-protein-complexes-from-photosynthetic-purple-bacteria
#8
REVIEW
Alexander Löhner, Richard Cogdell, Jürgen Köhler
As the electronic energies of the chromophores in a pigment-protein complex are imposed by the geometrical structure of the protein, this allows the spectral information obtained to be compared with predictions derived from structural models. Thereby, the single-molecule approach is particularly suited for the elucidation of specific, distinctive spectral features that are key for a particular model structure, and that would not be observable in ensemble-averaged spectra due to the heterogeneity of the biological objects...
January 2018: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318615/playing-off-the-beat-applying-the-jazz-paradigm-to-psychotherapy
#9
David Read Johnson
A jazz paradigm is applied to traditional psychotherapy practice, illuminating the links between psychotherapy and the Romantic aesthetic tradition, primarily in the centrality of concepts such as attunement. Modernist disruptions of realism during the early 20th century, such as jazz, elaborated dissonant and improvisational artistic impulses that brought new vitality to their art forms. The psychotherapeutic relationship also has potential avenues for multilevel and discrepant communication that open possibilities of freedom...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316824/fear-of-communicating-fear-versus-fear-of-terrorism-a-human-rights-violation-or-a-sign-of-our-time
#10
Chika Anyanwu
At its very first session, the United Nations General Assembly, adopted Resolution 59(I) which states that "freedom of information is a fundamental human right and … the touchstone of all the freedoms to which the United Nations is consecrated". In 1948, it proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Paris. Article 19 of that Declaration states that "everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers"...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314463/prevalence-and-patterns-of-anti-epileptic-medication-prescribing-in-the-treatment-of-epilepsy-in-older-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#11
M O'Dwyer, J Peklar, N Mulryan, P McCallion, M McCarron, M C Henman
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of epilepsy is higher in people with intellectual disability (ID) and increases with the degree of ID. Although life expectancy for people with ID is increasing, people with ID coexisting with epilepsy have a higher mortality rate, particularly those who had recent seizures. There have been few observational studies of the prevalence and patterns of anti-epileptic prescribing among older people with ID and epilepsy. The aim of this study was to investigate prevalence and patterns of anti-epileptic prescribing in the treatment of epilepsy in a representative population of older people with ID and epilepsy...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305185/predictors-of-outcome-after-surgery-in-134-children-with-drug-resistant-tle
#12
Ashalatha Radhakrishnan, Ramshekhar Menon, Mathew Abraham, George Vilanilam, Suvasini Sharma, Bejoy Thomas, Chandrashekharan Kesavadas, Ajith Cherian, Raviprasad Varma, Sanjeev V Thomas
PURPOSE: To determine the factors predicting seizure outcome in children who underwent anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) for drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). METHODS: Among the 664 patients who underwent ATL for TLE from 1995 to 2008, there were 134 children. "Excellent" outcome in them was defined as seizure freedom during the entire follow-up (Engel class I a); "good outcome", if in remission last 2 years, and the rest as "unfavorable outcome". To identify the potential predictors of seizure recurrence, the attributes of recurred and non-recurred groups was compared by univariate and multivariate analysis...
January 2, 2018: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302170/at-the-nexus-how-hiv-related-immigration-policies-affect-foreign-nationals-and-citizens-in-south-korea
#13
Jessica M Keralis
Effective HIV prevention requires the protection and empowerment of marginalized groups at high risk of infection. However, many policies persist that stigmatize these groups and hinder HIV prevention efforts, including HIV-related travel restrictions. In the Republic of Korea, which requires HIV tests for certain visa categories, these restrictions negatively affect the national HIV response and access to accurate information on effective HIV prevention. In addition, they violate migrants' human rights to confidentiality and informed consent to testing and the rights of persons living with HIV (PLHIV) to privacy, work, medical care, bodily integrity, and freedom from discrimination...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302163/inconvenient-human-rights-water-and-sanitation-in-sweden-s-informal-roma-settlements
#14
Martha F Davis, Natasha Ryan
Following an increase in Roma migration under the European "freedom of movement" laws, Swedish municipalities initiated more than 80 evictions of informal Roma settlements on the grounds of poor sanitation between 2013 and 2016. These evictions echo policies from earlier in the 20th century, when Roma living in Sweden were often marginalized through the denial of access to water and sanitation facilities. The recent Swedish evictions also follow similar government actions across Europe, where Roma settlements are controlled through the denial of access to water and sanitation...
December 2017: Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290004/a-republican-argument-against-nudging-and-informed-consent
#15
Paul Hamilton
I argue that it is impermissible to use nudges as a tool to influence patients in the context of informed consent. The motivation for such nudges is that their use can help reconcile potential conflicts between a physician's duty of beneficence and duty to respect patient autonomy. I argue that their use places physicians in a position of domination over patients. That is, it violates the republican freedom of patients because it grants physicians the power to arbitrarily interfere. I also argue that if one tries to adjust the duty of beneficence to avoid this conclusion, then the republican freedom of patients is still threatened under conditions of clinical equipoise...
December 30, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289057/a-unifying-view-of-synchronization-for-data-assimilation-in-complex-nonlinear-networks
#16
Henry D I Abarbanel, Sasha Shirman, Daniel Breen, Nirag Kadakia, Daniel Rey, Eve Armstrong, Daniel Margoliash
Networks of nonlinear systems contain unknown parameters and dynamical degrees of freedom that may not be observable with existing instruments. From observable state variables, we want to estimate the connectivity of a model of such a network and determine the full state of the model at the termination of a temporal observation window during which measurements transfer information to a model of the network. The model state at the termination of a measurement window acts as an initial condition for predicting the future behavior of the network...
December 2017: Chaos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274692/cultural-adaptation-of-a-medication-adherence-intervention-with-prisoners-living-with-hiv-in-indonesia-a-pragmatic-approach-to-intervention-development
#17
Gabriel J Culbert, Ann B Williams
Cultural adaptation is a research strategy used to tailor evidence-informed interventions for new populations and settings. We describe a pragmatic approach used to culturally adapt a nurse-led medication adherence intervention, Adherence Through Home Education and Nursing Assessment (ATHENA), for prisoners living with HIV in Indonesia. Researchers reviewed data from completed studies in Indonesia and identified core components of the ATHENA intervention considered essential for effectiveness. Adaptations likely to render ATHENA acceptable and feasible in the Indonesian prison setting were proposed...
December 5, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259943/a-robust-and-accurate-non-rigid-medical-image-registration-algorithm-based-on-multi-level-deformable-model
#18
Yanli Wan, Hongpu Hu, Yanli Xu, Quan Chen, Yan Wang, Dongping Gao
Background: Compared to the rigid image registration task, the non-rigid image registration task faces much more challenges due to its high degree of freedom and inherent requirement of smoothness in the deformation field. The purpose was to propose an efficient coarse-to-fine non-rigid medical image registration algorithm based on a multilevel deformable model. Methods: In this paper, a robust and efficient coarse-to-fine non-rigid medical image registration algorithm is proposed...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248989/stratified-prevention-opportunities-and-limitations-report-on-the-1st-interdisciplinary-cardiovascular-workshop-in-augsburg
#19
Gregor Kirchhof, Josef Franz Lindner, Stephan Achenbach, Klaus Berger, Stefan Blankenberg, Heiner Fangerau, Henner Gimpel, Ulrich M Gassner, Jens Kersten, Dorothea Magnus, Herbert Rebscher, Heribert Schunkert, Stephan Rixen, Paulus Kirchhof
Sufficient exercise and sleep, a balanced diet, moderate alcohol consumption and a good approach to handle stress have been known as lifestyles that protect health and longevity since the Middle Age. This traditional prevention quintet, turned into a sextet by smoking cessation, has been the basis of the "preventive personality" that formed in the twentieth century. Recent analyses of big data sets including genomic and physiological measurements have unleashed novel opportunities to estimate individual health risks with unprecedented accuracy, allowing to target preventive interventions to persons at high risk and at the same time to spare those in whom preventive measures may not be needed or even be harmful...
December 16, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247218/wavevector-multiplexed-atomic-quantum-memory-via-spatially-resolved-single-photon-detection
#20
Michał Parniak, Michał Dąbrowski, Mateusz Mazelanik, Adam Leszczyński, Michał Lipka, Wojciech Wasilewski
Parallelized quantum information processing requires tailored quantum memories to simultaneously handle multiple photons. The spatial degree of freedom is a promising candidate to facilitate such photonic multiplexing. Using a single-photon resolving camera, we demonstrate a wavevector multiplexed quantum memory based on a cold atomic ensemble. Observation of nonclassical correlations between Raman scattered photons is confirmed by an average value of the second-order correlation function [Formula: see text] in 665 separated modes simultaneously...
December 15, 2017: Nature Communications
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