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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343208/legal-features-of-the-drug-advertising
#1
Vitalii M Pashkov, Andrii A Olefir, Oleksiy Y Bytyak
INTRODUCTION: In the article discribed current trends of advertising in the pharmaceutical market and foreign experience of legal regulation of these relations. As for the advertising of medicines identified it's symptoms, types, basic rules and prohibitions. Modern pharmaceutical companies can not successfully carry out economic activities without advertising. Besides we can mention some fundamental changes in society (information overload, universal access to internet, social media, freedom of movement of goods, labor and finance), also self-medication becomes more popular...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342521/endovascular-management-of-chronic-symptomatic-aortic-dissection-with-the-streamliner-multilayer-flow-modulator-twelve-month-outcomes-from-the-global-registry
#2
Sherif Sultan, Edel P Kavanagh, Florian Stefanov, Mohamed Sultan, Ala Elhelali, Victor Costache, Edward Diethrich, Niamh Hynes
OBJECTIVE: Reported are initial 12-month outcomes of patients with chronic symptomatic aortic dissection managed by the Streamliner Multilayer Flow Modulator (SMFM; Cardiatis, Isnes, Belgium). Primary end points were freedom from rupture- and aortic-related death, and reduction in false lumen index. Secondary end points were patency of great vessels and visceral branches, and freedom of stroke, paraplegia, and renal failure. METHODS: Out of 876 SMFM implanted globally, we have knowledge of 542...
April 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340108/cigarette-smoking-and-musculoskeletal-pain-severity-among-male-and-female-afghanistan-iraq-era-veterans
#3
Kimberly T Green, Sarah M Wilson, Paul A Dennis, Jennifer J Runnals, Rebecca A Williams, Lori A Bastian, Jean C Beckham, Eric A Dedert, Harold S Kudler, Kristy Straits-Tröster, Jennifer M Gierisch, Patrick S Calhoun
Objective.:  Cigarette smoking and musculoskeletal pain are prevalent among Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health care system users. These conditions frequently co-occur; however, there is limited empirical information specific to Afghanistan/Iraq era veterans. The present study sought to examine gender differences in the association between cigarette smoking and moderate to severe musculoskeletal pain in US veterans with Afghanistan/Iraq era service. Methods.:  A random sample of 5,000 veterans with service after November 11, 2001, participated in a survey assessing health care needs and barriers to care...
March 14, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335392/conscientious-objection-to-animal-experimentation-in-italian-universities
#4
Ilaria Baldelli, Alma Massaro, Susanna Penco, Anna Maria Bassi, Sara Patuzzo, Rosagemma Ciliberti
In Italy, Law 413/1993 states that public and private Italian Institutions, including academic faculties, are obliged to fully inform workers and students about their right to conscientious objection to scientific or educational activities involving animals, hereafter written as "animal CO". However, little monitoring on the faculties' compliance with this law has been performed either by the government or other institutional bodies. Based on this premise, the authors have critically reviewed the existing data and compared them with those emerging from their own investigation to discuss limitations and inconsistencies...
March 13, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333532/characterizing-spouse-partner-depression-and-alcohol-problems-over-the-course-of-military-deployment
#5
Christopher R Erbes, Mark Kramer, Paul A Arbisi, David DeGarmo, Melissa A Polusny
OBJECTIVE: Spouse/partners of military personnel demonstrate elevated levels of distress during military deployments, yet there is insufficient information about courses of adjustment over time. The current study identified trajectories of depression and alcohol use problems and predictors of those trajectories across the deployment cycle. METHOD: National Guard soldiers (N = 1973) and spouses/intimate partners (N = 1020) completed assessments of risk/protective factors and baseline measures of mental health functioning 2 to 5 months prior to soldiers' 1-year deployments (Time 1) to Kuwait/Iraq in support of Operation New Dawn or Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom...
April 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332203/margins-of-freedom-a-field-theoretic-approach-to-class-based-health-dispositions-and-practices
#6
Patrick John Burnett, Gerry Veenstra
Pierre Bourdieu's theory of practice situates social practices in the relational interplay between experiential mental phenomena (habitus), resources (capitals) and objective social structures (fields). When applied to class-based practices in particular, the overarching field of power within which social classes are potentially made manifest is the primary field of interest. Applying relational statistical techniques to original survey data from Toronto and Vancouver, Canada, we investigated whether smoking, engaging in physical activity and consuming fruit and vegetables are dispersed in a three-dimensional field of power shaped by economic and cultural capitals and cultural dispositions and practices...
March 23, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317470/anthropology-brokerage-and-collaboration-in-the-development-of-a-tongan-public-psychiatry-local-lessons-for-global-mental-health
#7
Mike Poltorak
The Global Mental Health (GMH) movement has raised questions of the translatability of psychiatric concepts and the challenges of community engagement. In Tonga, the local psychiatrist Dr Puloka successfully established a publicly accessible psychiatry that has improved admission rates for serious mental illnesses and addressed some of the stigma attached to diagnosis. On the basis of historical analysis and ethnographic fieldwork with healers, doctors, and patients since 1998, this article offers an ethnographic contextualization of the development and reception of Puloka's three key interventions during the 1990s: (a) collaboration with traditional healers; (b) translation of psychiatric diagnoses into local cultural concepts; and (c) encouraging freedom of movement and legal appeal to involuntary admission...
December 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315665/physician-scientists-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-predictors-of-success-in-obtaining-independent-research-funding
#8
Ijeoma Okeigwe, Cynthia Wang, Joseph A Politch, Linda J Heffner, Wendy Kuohung
BACKGROUND: Obstetrics and gynecology departments receive the smallest amount of National Institutes of Health (NIH) research funding and have significantly lower application success rates compared to pediatric, internal medicine, and surgery departments. The development of mentored early career development training grants (K awards) has been one strategy implemented by the NIH to help aspiring physician-scientists establish independent research careers. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe the cohort of ob/gyn physician-scientists who were K08, K12, and K23 recipients from 1988-2015 and to identify predictors of success in obtaining independent federal funding, as defined by acquisition of an R01, R21, R34, U01, U54, P01, or P50...
March 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302586/mantisbot-is-a-robotic-model-of-visually-guided-motion-in-the-praying-mantis
#9
Nicholas S Szczecinski, Andrew P Getsy, Joshua P Martin, Roy E Ritzmann, Roger D Quinn
Insects use highly distributed nervous systems to process exteroception from head sensors, compare that information with state-based goals, and direct posture or locomotion toward those goals. To study how descending commands from brain centers produce coordinated, goal-directed motion in distributed nervous systems, we have constructed a conductance-based neural system for our robot MantisBot, a 29 degree-of-freedom, 13.3:1 scale praying mantis robot. Using the literature on mantis prey tracking and insect locomotion, we designed a hierarchical, distributed neural controller that establishes the goal, coordinates different joints, and executes prey-tracking motion...
March 13, 2017: Arthropod Structure & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290938/postconcussive-symptoms-ptsd-and-medical-disease-burden-in-treatment-seeking-oef-oif-ond-veterans
#10
Joah L Williams, Meghan E McDevitt-Murphy, James G Murphy, Ellen M Crouse
INTRODUCTION: The most common psychological and cognitive sequelae associated with deployments to Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom) and Iraq (Operation Iraqi Freedom) are mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). High rates of PTSD are often observed among Veterans with a history of mTBI, and persistent postconcussive symptoms commonly endorsed after mTBI are known to be associated with PTSD. Therefore, this study examined whether PTSD mediates relations between postconcussive symptoms and 2 indices of medical disease burden: 1) the number of disease categories positive for a diagnosis, or system disease burden, and 2) total number of physical diagnoses, or cumulative disease burden...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290927/understanding-primary-care-behavioral-health-across-military-settings-a-preliminary-comparison-between-deployed-and-in-garrison-care
#11
Ryan R Landoll, Matthew K Nielsen, Kathryn K Waggoner
BACKGROUND: Integrated primary care behavioral health (PCBH) is a growing trend in health care delivery, particularly in the Department of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs. This consultative model has been applied within the U.S. Air Force for over 15 years and has demonstrated positive health impacts and patient satisfaction. With extended conflicts and engagements, including Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom, deployment behavioral health care has expanded and positively received, but there is less empirical support of particular models of care in a deployed environment...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282017/considering-employee-needs-during-a-catastrophe-requires-innovative-recovery-plans-why-traditional-workplace-recovery-solutions-are-outdated
#12
Joe Sullivan
Mobile technology has changed the way we live and operate, with co-working, flexible spaces and home office solutions that offer us the freedom to work when and where we choose. However, when disaster strikes the workplace, people are often the last to be considered in the recovery process. This paper examines strategies for businesses and their employees to continue working after a disaster strikes. It explores the trends in the market, the benefits and drawbacks of different approaches and the attitudes of continuity experts and small business owners who have the responsibility to ensure that businesses, and people, continue to function, even when their main place of work is inaccessible...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277603/safety-observations-with-three-years-of-denosumab-exposure-comparison-between-subjects-who-received-denosumab-during-the-randomized-freedom-trial-and-subjects-who-crossed-over-to-denosumab-during-the-freedom-extension
#13
N B Watts, J P Brown, S Papapoulos, E M Lewiecki, D L Kendler, P Dakin, R B Wagman, A Wang, N S Daizadeh, S Smith, H G Bone
Denosumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody against RANKL that decreases osteoclast formation, function and survival, and is approved for the treatment of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis at increased or high risk for fracture, among other indications. During the pivotal 3-year fracture trial FREEDOM, denosumab 60 mg subcutaneously every 6 months significantly reduced new vertebral (68%), hip (40%), and nonvertebral (20%) fractures; increased bone mineral density (BMD); and reduced bone turnover markers compared with placebo in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277055/patients-experiences-of-a-computerised-self-help-program-for-treating-depression-a-qualitative-study-of-internet-mediated-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-in-primary-care
#14
Anna Holst, Shabnam Nejati, Cecilia Björkelund, Maria C M Eriksson, Dominique Hange, Marie Kivi, Carl Wikberg, Eva-Lisa Petersson
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore primary care patients' experiences of Internet mediated cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) depression treatment. DESIGN: Qualitative study. Data were collected from focus group discussions and individual interviews. SETTING: Primary care. METHOD: Data were analysed by systematic text condensation by Malterud. SUBJECTS: Thirteen patients having received iCBT for depression within the PRIM-NET study...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269078/extracting-dielectric-spectroscopic-properties-from-microwave-induced-thermoacoustic-signals
#15
Shiyu Liu, Hao Nan, Nemat Dolatsha, Amin Arbabian
Available data on the dielectric properties of biological tissue across a frequency range adds an extra degree of freedom of contrast besides the baseline structural information obtained by conventional imaging techniques. In this paper, we propose a new methodology to non-invasively extract the normalized effective conductivity of samples over a large frequency range using microwave-induced thermoacoustic (TA) signals. Additionally, a calibration approach has been adopted to remove the frequency dependency of the experimental setup errors as well as the RF power variation...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267348/quantum-confined-stark-effect-of-individual-defects-in-a-van-der-waals-heterostructure
#16
Chitraleema Chakraborty, Kenneth Matthew Goodfellow, Sajal Dhara, Anthony Yoshimura, Vincent Meunier, Nick Vamivakas
The optical properties of atomically thin semiconductor materials have been widely studied since the isolation of monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs). They have rich opto-electronic properties owing to their large direct bandgap, the interplay between the spin and the valley degree of freedom of charge carriers, and the recently discovered localized excitonic states giving rise to single photon emission. In this letter, we study the quantum-confined Stark effect of these localized emitters present near the edges of monolayer tungsten diselenide (WSe2)...
March 7, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246083/commissioning-of-specialist-palliative-care-services-in-england
#17
Harriet Lancaster, Ilora Finlay, Maxwell Downman, James Dumas
OBJECTIVES: Some failures in end-of-life care have been attributed to inconsistent provision of palliative care across England. We aimed to explore the variation in commissioning of services by Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs) using a data collection exercise. METHODS: We sent a Freedom of Information request in the form of an open questionnaire to all 209 CCGs in England to assess their commissioning of palliative and end-of-life care services, mainly focused on the provision of specialist palliative care services...
February 28, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245602/quantifying-variation-in-gait-features-from-wearable-inertial-sensors-using-mixed-effects-models
#18
Kellen Garrison Cresswell, Yongyun Shin, Shanshan Chen
The emerging technology of wearable inertial sensors has shown its advantages in collecting continuous longitudinal gait data outside laboratories. This freedom also presents challenges in collecting high-fidelity gait data. In the free-living environment, without constant supervision from researchers, sensor-based gait features are susceptible to variation from confounding factors such as gait speed and mounting uncertainty, which are challenging to control or estimate. This paper is one of the first attempts in the field to tackle such challenges using statistical modeling...
February 25, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241623/hybrid-imprinting-process-to-fabricate-a-multi-layer-compound-eye-for-multispectral-imaging
#19
Jianwei Chen, Hiu Hung Lee, Dongping Wang, Si Di, Shih-Chi Chen
We present a high-precision hybrid imprinting method to fabricate multi-layer micro-optical structures on nonplanar substrates using a custom-built vacuum imprinting system; with the application of kinematic couplings that align the flexible stamps in all six degrees of freedom, a cross-layer pattern registration precision of 400 nm has been achieved on nonplanar substrates. To demonstrate the precision and feasibility of the new process and instrument, we have designed and fabricated a multi-layer artificial compound eye (ACE) for multispectral imaging...
February 20, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241410/inertial-navigation-system-doppler-velocity-log-ins-dvl-fusion-with-partial-dvl-measurements
#20
Asaf Tal, Itzik Klein, Reuven Katz
The Technion autonomous underwater vehicle (TAUV) is an ongoing project aiming to develop and produce a small AUV to carry on research missions, including payload dropping, and to demonstrate acoustic communication. Its navigation system is based on an inertial navigation system (INS) aided by a Doppler velocity log (DVL), magnetometer, and pressure sensor (PS). In many INSs, such as the one used in TAUV, only the velocity vector (provided by the DVL) can be used for aiding the INS, i.e., enabling only a loosely coupled integration approach...
February 22, 2017: Sensors
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