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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205460/complaints-against-health-care-professionals-providing-police-custodial-and-forensic-medical-health-care-services-and-sexual-offence-examiner-services-in-england-wales-and-northern-ireland
#1
Kieran M Kennedy, Peter G Green, J Jason Payne-James
Complaints management is an integral component of good clinical governance and an essential contributor to patient safety. Little is known about complaints against health-care professionals (HCPs) in police custodial settings and sexual assault referral centres. This study explored the frequency with which complaints are made against such HCPs working in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. It explored the nature of those complaints and the procedures by which they are investigated. Relevant information was requested from all police services in England, Wales and Northern Ireland; professional regulatory bodies; and the Independent Police Complaints Commission under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)...
January 1, 2017: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188682/stereotactic-ablative-body-radiotherapy-for-inoperable-primary-kidney-cancer-a-prospective-clinical-trial
#2
Shankar Siva, Daniel Pham, Tomas Kron, Mathias Bressel, Jacqueline Lam, Tan Teng Han, Brent Chesson, Mark Shaw, Sarat Chander, Suki Gill, Nicholas R Brook, Nathan Lawrentschuck, Declan G Murphy, Farshad Foroudi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and safety of stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR) for RCC in patients unsuitable for surgery. Secondary objectives were to assess oncologic and functional outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective interventional clinical trial with institutional ethics board approval. Inoperable patients were enrolled after multidisciplinary consensus for intervention and informed consent. Tumor response was defined using RECIST 1...
February 10, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174594/preventing-involuntary-admissions-special-needs-for-distinct-patient-groups
#3
Knut Hoffmann, I S Haussleiter, F Illes, J Jendreyschak, A Diehl, B Emons, C Armgart, A Schramm, G Juckel
BACKGROUND: Coercive measures in psychiatry are a controversial topic and raise ethical, legal and clinical issues. Involuntary admission of patients is a long-lasting problem and indicates a problematic pathway to care situations within the community, largely because personal freedom is fundamentally covered by the UN declaration of human rights and the German constitution. METHODS: In this study, a survey on a large and comprehensive population of psychiatric in-patients in the eastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, was carried out for the years 2004-2009, including 230...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174182/contribution-of-industry-funded-post-marketing-studies-to-drug-safety-survey-of-notifications-submitted-to-regulatory-agencies
#4
Angela Spelsberg, Christof Prugger, Peter Doshi, Kerstin Ostrowski, Thomas Witte, Dieter Hüsgen, Ulrich Keil
OBJECTIVES:  To investigate the practice of post-marketing studies in Germany during a three year period and to evaluate whether these trials meet the aims specified in the German Medicinal Products Act. DESIGN:  Survey of notifications submitted to German regulatory agencies before post-marketing studies were carried out, 2008-10. SETTING:  Notifications obtained through freedom of information requests to the three authorities responsible for registering post-marketing studies in Germany...
February 7, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170406/youth-as-contested-sites-of-culture-the-intergenerational-acculturation-gap-amongst-new-migrant-communities-parental-and-young-adult-perspectives
#5
Andre M N Renzaho, Nidhi Dhingra, Nichole Georgeou
BACKGROUND: Immigration often results in changes in family dynamics, and within this process of dynamic relational adjustment youth can be conceptualised as contested sites of culture and associated intergenerational conflicts. This paper considers the experiences of migrant youth in Greater Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia using conflict as a useful lens through which to view issues of migrant youth identity and their sense of social connectedness, belonging, and agency. The aim of this study was twofold: 1) to explore how migrant youth cope with acculturative stress and intergenerational conflicts, and 2) to better understand the systemic and family-related factors that facilitate positive settlement experiences for migrant youth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166451/serology-in-finfish-for-diagnosis-surveillance-and-research-a-systematic-review
#6
Diana Jaramillo, Edmund J Peeler, Emilie Laurin, Ian A Gardner, Richard J Whittington
Historically, serological tests for finfish diseases have been underused when compared with their use in terrestrial animal health. For years the nonspecific immune response in fish was judged to make serology unreliable and inferior to the direct measurement of agent analytes. We conducted a systematic review of peer-reviewed publications that reported on the development, validation, or application of serological tests for finfish diseases. A total of 168 articles met the screening criteria; most of them were focused on salmonid pathogens (e...
March 2017: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164420/an-exploration-of-caregiver-choice-through-the-lens-of-sartrean-existentialism
#7
Kristin L Corey, Mary K McCurry
There are innumerable social and ethical factors which affect one's decision to become an informal caregiver for someone with chronic illness. The existential philosophy of Jean-Paul Sartre provides unique insight into human motivation and choice. The purpose of this paper was to examine the social and ethical influences on the individual's decision to become a caregiver through the lens of Sartrean existentialism and discuss how this unique philosophy can advance nursing knowledge. The factors affecting one's choice to become a caregiver were considered using the Sartrean existential concepts of The Other, human freedom, choice, bad faith, shame and authenticity...
February 6, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157356/spatial-bell-state-generation-without-transverse-mode-subspace-postselection
#8
E V Kovlakov, I B Bobrov, S S Straupe, S P Kulik
Spatial states of single photons and spatially entangled photon pairs are becoming an important resource in quantum communication. This additional degree of freedom provides an almost unlimited information capacity, making the development of high-quality sources of spatial entanglement a well-motivated research direction. We report an experimental method for generation of photon pairs in a maximally entangled spatial state. In contrast to existing techniques, the method does not require postselection of a particular subspace of spatial modes and allows one to use the full photon flux from the nonlinear crystal, providing a tool for creating high-brightness sources of pure spatially entangled photons...
January 20, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152056/transmission-dynamics-and-elimination-potential-of-zoonotic-tuberculosis-in-morocco
#9
Mahamat Fayiz Abakar, Hind Yahyaoui Azami, Philipp Justus Bless, Lisa Crump, Petra Lohmann, Mirjam Laager, Nakul Chitnis, Jakob Zinsstag
Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) is an endemic zoonosis in Morocco caused by Mycobacterium bovis, which infects many domestic animals and is transmitted to humans through consumption of raw milk or from contact with infected animals. The prevalence of BTB in Moroccan cattle is estimated at 18%, and 33% at the individual and the herd level respectively, but the human M. bovis burden needs further clarification. The current control strategy based on test and slaughter should be improved through local context adaptation taking into account a suitable compensation in order to reduce BTB prevalence in Morocco and decrease the disease burden in humans and animals...
February 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146525/compact-sorting-of-optical-vortices-by-means-of-diffractive-transformation-optics
#10
Gianluca Ruffato, Michele Massari, Filippo Romanato
The orbital angular momentum (OAM) of light has recently attracted a growing interest as a new degree of freedom in order to increase the information capacity of today's optical networks, both for free-space and optical fiber transmission. Here we present our work of design, fabrication, and optical characterization of diffractive optical elements for compact OAM mode division demultiplexing based on optical transformations. Samples have been fabricated with 3D high-resolution electron beam lithography on a polymethylmethacrylate resist layer spun over a glass substrate...
February 1, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144283/the-impact-of-the-eu-general-data-protection-regulation-on-scientific-research
#11
Gauthier Chassang
The use of personal data is critical to ensure quality and reliability in scientific research. The new Regulation [European Union (EU)] 2016/679 of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data [general data protection regulation (GDPR)], repealing Directive 95/46/EC, strengthens and harmonises the rules for protecting individuals' privacy rights and freedoms within and, under certain conditions, outside the EU territory...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144026/mental-health-status-and-coping-behaviors-of-the-guangxi-baiku-yao-population-in-response-to-life-events
#12
Junduan Wu, Jianbo Liu, Jian Qin, Cairong Lan, Hanjun Yang, Li Yang
BACKGROUND Ethnic minorities present specific mental health characteristics that are based on their unique cultural background. We aimed to investigate the mental health status and coping behaviors in the Guangxi Baiku Yao population, an ethnic minority in China. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 121 Baiku Yao, 149 Zhuang, and 141 Han from Nandan Guangxi were enrolled in a survey using stratified random cluster sampling. The questionnaires included general information, a simplified mental symptom checklist, life events, coping behaviors, and social support...
February 1, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126511/efficacy-of-mindfulness-meditation-for-smoking-cessation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Margaret A Maglione, Alicia Ruelaz Maher, Brett Ewing, Benjamin Colaiaco, Sydne Newberry, Ryan Kandrack, Roberta M Shanman, Melony E Sorbero, Susanne Hempel
BACKGROUND: Smokers increasingly seek alternative interventions to assist in cessation or reduction efforts. Mindfulness meditation, which facilitates detached observation and paying attention to the present moment with openness, curiosity, and acceptance, has recently been studied as a smoking cessation intervention. AIMS: This review synthesizes randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of mindfulness meditation (MM) interventions for smoking cessation. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched from inception to October 2016 to identify English-language RCTs evaluating the efficacy and safety of MM interventions for smoking cessation, reduction, or a decrease in nicotine cravings...
January 18, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124810/sexuality-behind-bars-in-the-female-central-penitentiary-of-santiago-chile-unlocking-the-gendered-binary
#14
Francisca Alejandra Castro Madariaga, Belén Estefanía Gómez Garcés, Alicia Carrasco Parra, Jennifer Foster
We explore what it means to promote healthy sexuality for incarcerated women. We report upon the experiences of ten inmates in the Female Central Penitentiary of Santiago, Chile, regarding their sexuality within prison. We used a qualitative, descriptive research approach. Individual and semistructured interviews were conducted with women from different sections of the prison over a 2-month period. Participants highlighted the site for conjugal visits, the Venusterio, as a place of privacy and sexual expression between couples from outside prison...
January 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123213/cigarette-smoking-and-sociodemographic-military-and-health-characteristics-of-operation-enduring-freedom-and-operation-iraqi-freedom-veterans-2009-2011-national-health-study-for-a-new-generation-of-us-veterans
#15
Yasmin S Cypel, Kim Hamlett-Berry, Shannon K Barth, Dana E Christofferson, Victoria J Davey, Stephanie Eber, Aaron I Schneiderman, Robert M Bossarte
OBJECTIVE: We examined the sociodemographic, military, and health characteristics of current cigarette smokers, former smokers, and nonsmokers among Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) / Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) veterans and estimated smoking prevalence to better understand cigarette use in this population. METHODS: We analyzed data from the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) 2009-2011 National Health Study for a New Generation of US Veterans. On the basis of a stratified random sample of 60 000 OEF/OIF veterans, we sought responses to a 72-item questionnaire via mail, telephone, or Internet...
September 2016: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120899/dynamical-proxies-of-north-atlantic-predictability-and-extremes
#16
Davide Faranda, Gabriele Messori, Pascal Yiou
Atmospheric flows are characterized by chaotic dynamics and recurring large-scale patterns. These two characteristics point to the existence of an atmospheric attractor defined by Lorenz as: "the collection of all states that the system can assume or approach again and again, as opposed to those that it will ultimately avoid". The average dimension D of the attractor corresponds to the number of degrees of freedom sufficient to describe the atmospheric circulation. However, obtaining reliable estimates of D has proved challenging...
January 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115336/e-therapies-in-england-for-stress-anxiety-or-depression-what-is-being-used-in-the-nhs-a-survey-of-mental-health-services
#17
M R Bennion, G Hardy, R K Moore, A Millings
OBJECTIVE: To document the range of web and smartphone apps used and recommended for stress, anxiety or depression by the National Health Service (NHS) in England. DESIGN: The study was conducted using Freedom of Information (FOI) requests and systematic website searches. DATA SOURCES: Data were collected via FOI requests to NHS services between 13 February 2015 and 31 March 2015, and searches conducted on NHS apps library websites between 26 March 2015 and 2 November 2015...
January 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109989/low-glycemic-index-treatment-for-seizure-control-in-angelman-syndrome-a-case-series-from-the-center-for-dietary-therapy-of-epilepsy-at-the-massachusetts-general-hospital
#18
Olivia R Grocott, Katherine S Herrington, Heidi H Pfeifer, Elizabeth A Thiele, Ronald L Thibert
The low glycemic index treatment, a dietary therapy that focuses on glycemic index and reduced carbohydrate intake, has been successful in reducing seizure frequency in the general epilepsy population. Epilepsy is a common feature of Angelman syndrome and seizures are often refractory to multiple medications, especially in those with maternal deletions. Dietary therapy has become a more frequently used option for treating epilepsy, often in combination with other antiepileptic drugs, due to its efficacy and favorable side effect profile...
January 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109267/the-use-of-physical-restraints-in-long-term-care-in-spain-a-multi-center-cross-sectional-study
#19
Gabriel J Estévez-Guerra, Emilio Fariña-López, Eduardo Núñez-González, Manuel Gandoy-Crego, Fernando Calvo-Francés, Elizabeth A Capezuti
BACKGROUND: Physical restraint is a procedure used frequently in long-term care. It is a controversial practice because its use is associated with numerous complications and also affects freedom and individual autonomy. The objective of this study was to examine the use of physical restraint of long-term care residents with the ability to move voluntarily. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional observational and correlational multi-center study. Nine centers agreed to participate...
January 21, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108199/freedom-from-infection-confirming-interruption-of-malaria-transmission
#20
REVIEW
Gillian Stresman, Angus Cameron, Chris Drakeley
The global reductions in disease burden and the continued spread of drug and insecticide resistance make malaria elimination both viable and imperative, although this may be more easily achieved in some settings compared to others. Whilst the focus has been on optimal approaches to achieve elimination, less attention has been paid to how to measure the absence of malaria. Measuring the absence of transmission poses a specific challenge in that it involves proving a negative. The concept of freedom from infection, routinely used in veterinary epidemiology, can provide quantitative and reproducible estimates that, if infections were present above a predefined (low) threshold, they would be detected with a known uncertainty...
January 17, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
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