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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768027/professional-burnout-and-work-stress-among-israeli-dental-assistants
#1
Nir Uziel, Joseph Meyerson, Yonatan Birenzweig, Ilana Eli
Professional burnout and work-related stress are known problems that have been the subject of in-depth examination among dentists. Nevertheless, these issues have not been widely studied among dental assistants. The aims of this study were threefold: to confirm the structure of a Work Stress Inventory (WSI) for Dental Assistants which was originally developed for Jordanian dental assistants (factor analysis); to evaluate work stress and burnout among Israeli dental assistants and to discover the factors predicting Israeli assistants' burnout (regression analyses)...
May 16, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765311/altered-sense-of-body-ownership-and-agency-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-its-dissociative-subtype-a-rubber-hand-illusion-study
#2
Daniela Rabellino, Dalila Burin, Sherain Harricharan, Chantelle Lloyd, Paul A Frewen, Margaret C McKinnon, Ruth A Lanius
Traumatic experiences have been linked to the development of altered states of consciousness affecting bodily perception, including alterations in body ownership and in sense of agency, the conscious experience of the body as one's own and under voluntary control. Severe psychological trauma and prolonged distress may lead to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Together, symptoms of derealization and, related specifically to the sense of body ownership and agency, of depersonalization (where parts of the body or the entire body itself is perceived as detached and out of control), constitute the dissociative subtype (PTSD+DS)...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759029/burnout-in-otolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-a-single-academic-center-experience
#3
Katie Geelan-Hansen, Samantha Anne, Michael S Benninger
Burnout in modern medicine is becoming more recognized and researched. The objective in this study is to evaluate burnout in a tertiary care academic institution and compare results among faculty, trainees, and advanced practice practitioners (APPs) in a cross-sectional survey using the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Fifty-two surveys were distributed; 44 participants completed the survey (85%): 25 staff physicians (57%), 14 resident physicians (32%), and 5 nurse practitioners (11%). Staff physicians had low emotional exhaustion, moderate depersonalization, and low result for reduced personal accomplishments; trainees reported low emotional exhaustion, high depersonalization, and moderate reduced personal accomplishment; and nurse practitioners reported moderate on all 3 dimensions...
May 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754115/delusional-misidentifications-in-a-procrustean-bed
#4
EDITORIAL
G N Christodoulou, M Margariti, N Christodoulou
The Delusional Misidentification Syndromes (DMSs) are characterized by defective integration of the normally The Delusional Misidentification Syndromes (DMSs) are characterized by defective integration of the normally fused functions of perception and recognition. The classical sub-types are: the syndromes of Capgras, Fregoli,Intermetamorphosis (mentioned in 3) and Subjective doubles. These syndromes occur in a clear sensorium and shouldbe differentiated from the banal transient misidentifications occurring in confusional states and in mania and from thenon-delusional misidentifications (e...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747579/burnout-syndrome-and-its-prevalence-in-primary-care-nursing-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Carolina S Monsalve-Reyes, Concepción San Luis-Costas, Jose L Gómez-Urquiza, Luis Albendín-García, Raimundo Aguayo, Guillermo A Cañadas-De la Fuente
BACKGROUND: burnout syndrome is a significant problem in nursing professionals. Although, the unit where nurses work may influence burnout development. Nurses that work in primary care units may be at higher risk of burnout. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low personal accomplishment in primary care nurses. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis. We searched Pubmed, CINAHL, Scopus, Scielo, Proquest, CUIDEN and LILACS databases up to September 2017 to identify cross-sectional studies assessing primary care nurses' burnout with the Maslach Burnout Inventory were included...
May 10, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739129/evaluation-of-relationship-between-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-dissociative-experiences
#6
Mustafa Tatlı, Ozlem Cetinkaya, Fulya Maner
Objective: The aim of the study is to evaluate the relationship between obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms and dissociative experiences and the effect of childhood traumatic experiences on this relationship in OCD patients. Methods: Fifty consecutive OCD patients and 50 healthy controls are enrolled for this study. Sociodemographic and Clinical Data Form, Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES), Padua Inventory (PI) and Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) are applied to participants...
May 31, 2018: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733035/psychosocial-risks-burnout-and-intention-to-quit-following-the-introduction-of-new-software-at-work
#7
Mouna Knani, Pierre-Sébastien Fournier, Caroline Biron
BACKGROUND: Despite a rich literature on association between psychosocial factors, the demand-control-support (DCS) model and burnout, there are few integrated frameworks encompassing the DCS model, burnout and intention to quit, particularly in a technological context. OBJECTIVE: This manuscript examines the relationships between psychosocial risks, the demand-control-support (DCS) model, burnout syndrome and intention to quit following the introduction of new software at work...
May 1, 2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731948/job-demands-burnout-and-teamwork-in-healthcare-professionals-working-in-a-general-hospital-that-was-analysed-at-two-points-in-time
#8
Dragan Mijakoski, Jovanka Karadzhinska-Bislimovska, Sasho Stoleski, Jordan Minov, Aneta Atanasovska, Elida Bihorac
AIM: The purpose of the paper was to assess job demands, burnout, and teamwork in healthcare professionals (HPs) working in a general hospital that was analysed at two points in time with a time lag of three years. METHODS: Time 1 respondents (N = 325) were HPs who participated during the first wave of data collection (2011). Time 2 respondents (N = 197) were HPs from the same hospital who responded at Time 2 (2014). Job demands, burnout, and teamwork were measured with Hospital Experience Scale, Maslach Burnout Inventory, and Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture, respectively...
April 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730662/anomalous-self-experiences-markers-of-schizophrenia-vulnerability-or-symptoms-of-depersonalization-disorder-a-phenomenological-investigation-of-two-cases
#9
Tor Gunnar Værnes, Jan Ivar Røssberg, Paul Møller
BACKGROUND: Basic self-disturbance (BSD) is proposed to constitute the clinical core of schizophrenia spectrum disorders, including prodromal states and schizotypy. Anomalous self-experiences (ASEs) are suggested as phenotypic variants of BSD, representing markers of schizophrenia vulnerability. However, ASEs are not restricted to the schizophrenia spectrum, but may also occur in non-psychotic states like depersonalization disorder (DPD). It is unclear to what extent the prevalence and nature of ASEs are differing between the two conditions...
May 4, 2018: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723388/burnout-in-the-staff-of-a-chronic-care-hospital
#10
Maria Jose Merino-Plaza, Francisco Javier Carrera-Hueso, Nuria Arribas-Boscá, Amparo Martínez-Asensi, Emilia Trull-Maravilla, Narjis Fikri-Benbrahim
OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of Burnout in a medium or long-stay hospital, to monitor its evolution and to highlight the importance of cut-off points used to avoid distortions in the interpretation of the results. METHODS Two cross-sectional studies (2013-2016) were carried out, applying the Spanish version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory to the staff of a chronic care hospital (n = 323). Result variables were: Burnout prevalence and a high degree of affectation of the subscales and predictor variables: sociodemographic characteristics and factors that trigger and modulate the syndrome...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723320/the-effect-of-too-much-caring-a-preliminary-study
#11
Meriting Thokoane, C Peter Owen
PURPOSE: To determine the presence of burnout and psychiatric morbidity among prosthodontic residents and prosthodontists working in a maxillofacial prosthetic clinic and to compare these outcomes between those treating cancer patients and those not treating cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two questionnaires were used: the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). MBI assesses the three components of burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment), and the GHQ-12 screens for nonpsychotic psychiatric morbidity...
May 2018: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701626/moral-distress-md-and-burnout-in-mental-health-nurses-a-multicenter-survey
#12
Fabiana Delfrate, Paolo Ferrara, Daniela Spotti, Stefano Terzoni, Giulia Lamiani, Eleonora Canciani, Loris Bonetti
INTRODUCTION: Moral Distress (MD) is a common experience among nurses and if it is not recognised and treated, it may lead to serious consequences on nurses' health and quality of care. MD has been studied in several healthcare contexts. However, there are only few studies on MD in psychiatry and in Italy there are no data in this field.  Objective: To assess the presence of MD among mental health nurses in Italy and verify whether there is a relationship between MD and burnout. METHODS: We conducted a multicentre survey among nurses of Mental Health services of four hospitals in Milan...
February 6, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697450/a-statistical-model-driven-surgical-case-scheduling-system-improves-multiple-measures-of-operative-suite-efficiency-findings-from-a-single-center-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Panos Kougias, Vikram Tiwari, Sherene E Sharath, Andrea Garcia, Amita Pathak, Millie Chen, David Ramsey, Neal R Barshes, David H Berger
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether a data-driven scheduling approach improves Operative Suite (OS) efficiency. BACKGROUND: Although efficient use of the OS is a critical determinant of access to health care services, OS scheduling methodologies are simplistic and do not account for all the available characteristics of individual surgical cases. METHODS: We randomly scheduled cases in a single OS by predicting their length using either the historical mean (HM) duration of the most recent 4 years; or a regression modeling (RM) system that accounted for operative and patient characteristics...
April 24, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697394/specificities-of-endometrial-proliferation-stem-cell-index-distribution-in-endometrioid-carcinoma-of-different-grade-of-malignancy
#14
N Kikalishvili, R Beriashvili, T Muzashvili, G Burkadze
Endometrial neoplasia is the most common malignant tumor of female genital system in developed countries. The incidence of endometrial cancer has increased in the last years and despite advances in diagnosis and treatment, the death rates have steadily been increasing over the past 20 years. Therefore aspects of endometrial cancer development, pathogenesis and effective treatment is especially urgent to this day, as much of the risk for endometrial cancer development is influenced by the environment and lifestyle...
March 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685089/faculty-wellness-educator-burnout-among-otolaryngology-graduate-medical-educators
#15
Katherine R Kavanagh, Jeffrey Spiro
Objectives Burnout is a well-described psychological construct with 3 aspects: exhaustion, depersonalization, and lack of personal accomplishment. The objective of this study was to assess whether faculty members of an otolaryngology residency program exhibit measurable signs and symptoms of burnout with respect to their roles as medical educators. Study Design Cross-sectional survey. Setting Otolaryngology-head and neck surgery residency program. Subjects and Methods Faculty members from an otolaryngology residency program, all of whom are involved in resident education, completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey (MBI-ES)...
April 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680976/the-burden-of-care-and-burnout-in-individuals-caring-for-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#16
Eren Yıldızhan, Nesibe Ören, Ayten Erdoğan, Fatih Bal
Alzheimer's disease imposes a severe burden upon patients and their caregivers. We examined the relationship between the sociodemographic factors, burden of care and burnout level of 120 of 203 professional caregiving staff dealing with Alzheimer's disease patients in eight geriatric care centers in Istanbul/Turkey. The Zarit Caregiver Burden Scale was used to measure the level of burden of care, and the Maslach burnout inventory to measure the level of burnout. High levels of emotional exhaustion were present in 25% of our sample, and depersonalization was found in 30% reduced personal accomplishment was present in 26% of the caregivers...
April 21, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669617/does-a-modified-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-mbct-course-have-the-potential-to-reduce-stress-and-burnout-in-nhs-gps-feasibility-study
#17
Kate Hamilton-West, Tracy Pellatt-Higgins, Neil Pillai
AimTo explore, for the first time, whether a modified mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) course has the potential to reduce stress and burnout among National Health Service (NHS) General Practitioners. BACKGROUND: There is a crisis of low morale among NHS GPs, with most describing their workload as 'unmanageable'. MBCT has been demonstrated to improve stress and burnout in other populations, but has not yet been evaluated in a cohort of NHS GPs. METHODS: NHS GPs in South East England (n=22) attended a modified version of the MBCT course approved by National Institute for Health and Care Excellence for prevention of depressive relapse...
April 19, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666844/burnout-among-anesthetists-and-intensive-care-physicians
#18
Audrius Mikalauskas, Rimantas Benetis, Edmundas Širvinskas, Judita Andrejaitienė, Šarūnas Kinduris, Andrius Macas, Žilvinas Padaiga
Burnout is a syndrome of depersonalization, emotional exhaustion, and low personal accomplishment. Little is known about burnout in physicians. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of burnout among anesthetists and intensive care physicians, and associations between burnout and personal, as well as professional, characteristics. Methods: In total, 220 anesthetists and intensive care physicians were contacted by email, asking them to participate in the study. For depression screening the PHQ-2 questionnaire, for problem drinking, CAGE items were used...
2018: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663846/childhood-trauma-and-dissociative-intimate-partner-violence
#19
Aliya R Webermann, Christopher M Murphy
The present study assesses childhood abuse/neglect as a predictor of dissociative intimate partner violence (IPV) among 118 partner-abusive men. One third (36%) endorsed dissociative IPV, most commonly losing control (18%), surroundings seeming unreal (16%), feeling someone other than oneself is aggressing (16%), and seeing oneself from a distance aggressing (10%). Childhood physical abuse/neglect predicted IPV-specific derealization/depersonalization, aggressive self-states, and flashbacks to past violence...
April 1, 2018: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656675/professional-burnout-among-medical-students-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Rebecca Erschens, Katharina Eva Keifenheim, Anne Herrmann-Werner, Teresa Loda, Juliane Schwille-Kiuntke, Till Johannes Bugaj, Christoph Nikendei, Daniel Huhn, Stephan Zipfel, Florian Junne
BACKGROUND: This systematic review and meta-analysis aim to summarize the available evidence on the prevalence of professional burnout among medical students. METHODS: The review was performed according to the PRISMA guidelines. Databases were systematically searched for peer-reviewed articles, reporting burnout among medical students published between 2000 and 2017. The meta-analysis was conducted on the available data on burnout rates in medical students measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-HSS)...
April 14, 2018: Medical Teacher
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