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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530171/the-implications-of-psychological-symptoms-for-length-of-sick-leave
#1
Antonius Schneider, Sven Hilbert, Johannes Hamann, Svenja Skadsem, Jürgen Glaser, Bernd Löwe, Markus Bühner
BACKGROUND: In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to determine the relation between sick leave duration, burnout symptoms, depression, anxiety, and somatization in a primary care setting. METHODS: Patients receiving a sickness certificate in one of 14 participating primary care practices were consecutively asked by their primary care physician to fill in a questionnaire comprising the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) containing the depression (PHQ-9), somatization (PHQ-15), and anxiety (GAD-7) scales...
April 28, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527553/comparison-of-nurses-in-two-different-cultures-who-experiences-more-burnout
#2
Zeynep Karaman Özlü, Ayşegül Çay Yayla, Kenan Gümüş, Elisha Khaghanyrad
PURPOSE: Although burnout occurs in almost all occupational groups, it is mostly observed in professions requiring face-to-face relationships with people, especially among health care workers who deal constantly with problems and expectations of people. DESIGN: The objective of this study was to determine the burnout levels of nurses working in surgical clinics in two countries. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted between June and September 2013...
June 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524379/the-reliability-and-validity-of-three-item-screening-measures-for-burnout-evidence-from-group-employed-health-care-practitioners-in-upstate-new-york
#3
Moira R Riley, David C Mohr, Anthony C Waddimba
We investigate the psychometric validity and reliability of three-item screening measures for emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal achievement comprising an abbreviated version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory®. Despite its utilization in multiple studies, the shortened instrument has not been sufficiently validated in diverse settings, populations, and organizational contexts. We examine its ability to assess burnout accruing from patient care practice in a rural, underserved area. Utilizing data from a cross-sectional survey of 308 rural-based medical professionals, we investigate how the three short-form subscales of the nine-item abbreviated inventory compare with their gold-standard parent subscales from the original 22-item human services scale in measuring corresponding dimensions of burnout...
May 19, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523217/relation-between-patterns-of-intrinsic-network-connectivity-cognitive-functioning-and-symptom-presentation-in-trauma-exposed-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#4
Melissa Parlar, Maria Densmore, Geoffrey B Hall, Paul A Frewen, Ruth A Lanius, Margaret C McKinnon
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated resting fMRI connectivity within the default mode (DMN), salience (SN), and central executive (CEN) networks in relation to neurocognitive performance and symptom severity in trauma-exposed patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHOD: Group independent component analysis was conducted among patients with MDD (n = 21), examining DMN, SN, and CEN connectivity in relation to neurocognitive performance and symptom severity...
May 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511301/-mediating-role-of-over-commitment-in-the-relationship-between-effort-reward-and-burnout
#5
C Wang, S Li, S F Yu, J M Dai, X M Liu, T Li
Objective: To explore the mediating role of over-commitment in the relationship between occupational stressors and job burnout, and to offer more specificevidence-based information in exploring the work related health effects of over-commitment. Methods: A total of 1994 samples from electronic manufacturing service industry were collected in Guangdong province based on self-rated questionnaire after written consent from June to July, 2015. The Effort-Reward Imbalance questionnaire and Maslach Burnout Invertory-General Survey were used for the measurement of occupational stress and job burnout...
March 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510762/physician-burnout-work-engagement-and-the-quality-of-patient-care
#6
A Loerbroks, J Glaser, P Vu-Eickmann, P Angerer
Background: Research suggests that burnout in physicians is associated with poorer patient care, but evidence is inconclusive. More recently, the concept of work engagement has emerged (i.e. the beneficial counterpart of burnout) and has been associated with better care. Evidence remains markedly sparse however. Aims: To examine the associations of burnout and work engagement with physicians' self-perceived quality of care. Methods: We drew on cross-sectional data from physicians in Germany...
May 16, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509902/a-latent-genetic-subtype-of-major-depression-identified-by-whole-exome-genotyping-data-in-a-mexican-american-cohort
#7
C Yu, M Arcos-Burgos, J Licinio, M-L Wong
Identifying data-driven subtypes of major depressive disorder (MDD) is an important topic of psychiatric research. Currently, MDD subtypes are based on clinically defined depression symptom patterns. Although a few data-driven attempts have been made to identify more homogenous subgroups within MDD, other studies have not focused on using human genetic data for MDD subtyping. Here we used a computational strategy to identify MDD subtypes based on single-nucleotide polymorphism genotyping data from MDD cases and controls using Hamming distance and cluster analysis...
May 16, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509616/depersonalization-adversity-emotionality-and-coping-with-stressful-situations
#8
Paula Thomson, S Victoria Jaque
Depersonalization is defined as persistent or recurrent episodes of feeling detached or estranged from a sense of self and the world. This study addressed the primary question: Do non-clinical individuals who endorse high symptomatic depersonalization have inherently more intense emotional responses, along with more childhood adversity and past trauma? In this IRB approved study, participants who met clinical levels of depersonalization (n = 43, 16.3%) were compared to a group without clinical levels of depersonalization (n = 221, 83...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507528/cognitive-impairments-in-occupational-burnout-error-processing-and-its-indices-of-reactive-and-proactive-control
#9
Krystyna Golonka, Justyna Mojsa-Kaja, Magda Gawlowska, Katarzyna Popiel
The presented study refers to cognitive aspects of burnout as the effects of long-term work-related stress. The purpose of the study was to investigate electrophysiological correlates of burnout to explain the mechanisms of the core burnout symptoms: exhaustion and depersonalization/cynicism. The analyzed error-related electrophysiological markers shed light on impaired cognitive mechanisms and the specific changes in information-processing in burnout. In the EEG study design (N = 80), two components of error-related potential (ERP), error-related negativity (ERN), and error positivity (Pe), were analyzed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503931/burnout-among-healthcare-workers-at-l-aquila-its-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#10
Antonella Mattei, Fabiana Fiasca, Mariachiara Mazzei, Vincenzo Abbossida, Valeria Bianchini
Burnout, which is now recognized as a real problem in terms of its negative outcome on healthcare efficiency, is a stress condition that can be increased by exposure to natural disasters, such as the 2009 L'Aquila earthquake. This study aims to evaluate burnout syndrome, its associated risk factors and stress levels, and the individual coping strategies among healthcare professionals at L'Aquila General Hospital. A cross-sectional study of 190 healthcare workers was conducted. There was a questionnaire for the collection of the socio-demographic, occupational and anamnestic data, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory, the General Health Questionnaire-12 items (GHQ-12) and the Brief COPE were used...
May 15, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482856/the-impact-of-the-inpatient-practice-of-continuous-deep-sedation-until-death-on-healthcare-professionals-emotional-well-being-a-systematic-review
#11
Sarah Ziegler, Hannes Merker, Margareta Schmid, Milo A Puhan
BACKGROUND: The practice of continuous deep sedation is a challenging clinical intervention with demanding clinical and ethical decision-making. Though current research indicates that healthcare professionals' involvement in such decisions is associated with emotional stress, little is known about sedation-related emotional burden. This study aims to systematically review the evidence on the impact of the inpatient practice of continuous deep sedation until death on healthcare professionals' emotional well-being...
May 8, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482250/posttraumatic-symptoms-among-maltreated-youth-using-classification-and-regression-tree-analysis
#12
Emma H Ross, Christopher A Kearney
Individual psychological factors have been shown to exacerbate risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in youth following maltreatment, but the novel contribution of the present study includes a focus on interactive relationships between these factors on specific PTSD symptom clusters. This study identified maltreated youth at highest risk for re-experiencing, avoidance, and hyperarousal symptom clusters via cognitive, affective, and demographic variables. Participants (n=400) included ethnically diverse maltreated youth...
May 5, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459762/coping-with-staff-burnout-and-work-related-posttraumatic-stress-in-intensive-care
#13
Gillian A Colville, Jared G Smith, Joe Brierley, Kim Citron, Noreen M Nguru, Priyanka D Shaunak, Olivia Tam, Linda Perkins-Porras
OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations with symptoms of 1) burnout and 2) work-related posttraumatic stress, in adult and pediatric intensive care staff, focusing on the particular contributions of resilience and coping strategies. DESIGN: Point prevalence cross-sectional study. SETTING: Three adult ICUs and four PICUs. SUBJECTS: Three hundred seventy-seven ICU staff. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Brief Resilience Scale, abbreviated Maslach Burnout Inventory, Trauma Screening Questionnaire, and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
April 27, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449364/the-association-between-peritraumatic-dissociation-and-ptsd-symptoms-the-mediating-role-of-negative-beliefs-about-the-self
#14
Johanna Thompson-Hollands, Janie J Jun, Denise M Sloan
Peritraumatic dissociation, a term used to describe a complex array of reactions to trauma, including depersonalization, derealization, and emotional numbness, has been associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms across a number of studies. Cognitive theory suggests that interpretations of traumatic events and reactions underlie the persistence of PTSD. The present study examined the associations among peritraumatic dissociation, posttraumatic cognitions, and PTSD symptoms in a group of trauma-exposed adults (N = 169)...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447622/modern-clinical-research-on-lsd
#15
REVIEW
Matthias E Liechti
All modern clinical studies using the classic hallucinogen lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) in healthy subjects or patients in the last 25 years are reviewed herein. There were five recent studies in healthy participants and one in patients. In a controlled setting, LSD acutely induced bliss, audiovisual synesthesia, altered meaning of perceptions, derealization, depersonalization, and mystical experiences. These subjective effects of LSD were mediated by the 5-HT2A receptor. LSD increased feelings of closeness to others, openness, trust, and suggestibility...
April 27, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430672/lamotrigine-uses-in-psychiatric-practice-beyond-bipolar-prophylaxis-a-hope-or-hype
#16
Ahmed Naguy, Najah Al-Enezi
BACKGROUND: Lamotrigine (LAM), an antiepileptic, with panoply of indications and uses in neurology, is FDA approved, in psychiatry, for bipolar prophylaxis. Apart from this indication, trend of its use in psychiatry is on the rise addressing a multitude of disorders. STUDY QUESTION: LAM remains one of only few psychotropic drugs with antiglutamate activity. This might render LAM a potential therapeutic option in treatment-resistant major psychiatric disorders. We reviewed LAM pharmacology and its diverse indications while examining the extant evidence...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410476/fear-reactivity-to-cognitive-dyscontrol-via-novel-head-mounted-display-perceptual-illusion-exercises
#17
Daniel W Capron, Aaron M Norr, Brian J Albanese, Norman B Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns (ASCC), refer to fears of mental catastrophe or losing control over mental processes. Recent findings show that ASCC are related to suicide risk, mood disorders and trauma-related disorders. Using controlled experimental psychopathology paradigms could be one heretofore unutilized method of increasing understanding of ASCC. Our goal was to test fear reactivity to four head-mounted display perceptual illusion challenges designed to bring on feelings of cognitive dyscontrol (i...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399575/evaluation-of-the-prevalence-of-burnout-and-psychological-morbidity-among-radiation-oncologist-members-of-the-kyoto-radiation-oncology-study-group-krosg
#18
Wambaka Ange Mampuya, Yukinori Matsuo, Akira Nakamura, Masahiro Hiraoka
This study aimed to evaluate the self-reported prevalence of burnout and psychological morbidity among radiation oncologists members of the Kyoto Radiation Oncology Study Group (KROSG) and to identify factors contributing to burnout. We mailed an anonymous survey to 125 radiation oncologists members of the KROSG. The survey included; the demographic data, the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) and the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). There were 87 responses out of 125 eligible respondents (69...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382057/empathy-burnout-demographic-variables-and-their-relationships-in-oncology-nurses
#19
Fariba Taleghani, Elaheh Ashouri, Morteza Saburi
INTRODUCTION: Development of nurse-patient empathic communication in the oncology ward is of great importance for the patients to relieve their psychological stress, however, nursing care of cancer patients is accompanied with high stress and burnout. The present study aimed to define the level of empathy and its association with burnout and some demographic characteristics of oncology nurses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive/correlation study was conducted in a professional cancer treatment center in Isfahan...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344714/moral-distress-and-burnout-in-internal-medicine-residents
#20
Sharareh Sajjadi, Monica Norena, Hubert Wong, Peter Dodek
BACKGROUND: Residents frequently encounter situations in their workplace that may induce moral distress or burnout. The objective of this study was to measure overall and rotation-specific moral distress and burnout in medical residents, and the relationship between demographics and moral distress and burnout. METHODS: The revised Moral Distress Scale and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (Human Service version) were administered to Internal Medicine residents in the 2013-2014 academic year at the University of British Columbia...
February 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
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