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Nabita Singh, Kellie Knight, Caroline Wright, Marilyn Baird, Duane Akroyd, Robert D Adams, Michal E Schneider
INTRODUCTION: Evidence demonstrates that health care professionals are more prone to burnout than other professionals due to the emotionally taxing interactions they have with their patients on a daily basis. The aims of this study were to measure occupational burnout levels among sonographers, radiographers and radiologists and to examine predictors of burnout according to demographic characteristics. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was administered in 2010 to radiographers, sonographers and radiologists who were members of the following professional bodies: Australian Institute of Radiography, Australian Sonographers Association and The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Shulamit Ben-Itzhak, Jonathan Dvash, Maya Maor, Noa Rosenberg, Pinchas Halpern
OBJECTIVE: Burnout is common in physicians and particularly acute in emergency physicians. Physician burnout may adversely affect physicians' lives and the quality of care they provide, but much remains unknown about its main contributing factors. The present study evaluated burnout rates and contributing factors in emergency physicians in Israel, specifically focusing on the role of a sense of meaning, which has received little attention in the literature concerning burnout in emergency physicians...
December 2015: Clin Exp Emerg Med
Márcia Oliveira Staffa Tironi, José Mário Meira Teles, Dalton de Souza Barros, Débora Feijó Villas Bôas Vieira, Colbert Martins da Silva Filho, Davi Felix Martins Júnior, Marcos Almeida Matos, Carlito Lopes Nascimento Sobrinho
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of burnout in intensivist doctors working in adult, pediatric and neonatal intensive care units in five Brazilian capitals. METHODS: Descriptive epidemiological study with a random sample stratified by conglomerate with 180 intensivist doctors from five capitals representing the Brazilian geographic regions: Porto Alegre (RS), Sao Paulo (SP), Salvador (BA), Goiania (GO) and Belem (PA). A self-administered questionnaire examining sociodemographic data and the level of burnout was evaluated through the Maslach Burnout Inventory...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
Habib Niyaraq Nobakht, Karl Yngvar Dale
This study aims to investigate the prevalence of Deliberate self-harm and its relationship to childhood and recent trauma and different patterns of dissociative features. 100 men and 100 women among college students were administered a 58-item questionnaire designed to detect the extent of dissociation, Deliberate self-harm and trauma history, respectively. Participants with Deliberate self-harm behaviors reported more traumatic experiences and dissociative features than participants without such behaviors...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Sara de la Salle, Joelle Choueiry, Dhrasti Shah, Hayley Bowers, Judy McIntosh, Vadim Ilivitsky, Verner Knott
N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists administered to healthy humans results in schizophrenia-like symptoms, which preclinical research suggests are due to glutamatergically altered brain oscillations. Here, we examined resting-state electroencephalographic activity in 21 healthy volunteers assessed in a placebo-controlled, double-blind, randomized study involving administration of either a saline infusion or a sub-anesthetic dose of ketamine, an NMDA receptor antagonist. Frequency-specific current source density (CSD) was assessed at sensor-level and source-level using eLORETA within regions of interest of a triple network model of schizophrenia (this model posits a dysfunctional switching between large-scale Default Mode and Central Executive networks by the monitor-controlling Salience Network)...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Yao-Tiao Deng, Jie Liu, Jie Zhang, Bo-Yan Huang, Ting-Wu Yi, Yu-Qing Wang, Bo Zheng, Di Luo, Pei-Xin Du, Yu Jiang
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study is to develop a novel tool-the Burnout Battery-for briefly screening burnout among oncology professionals in China and assessing its validity. METHODS: A multicenter study was conducted in doctors and nurses of the oncology departments in China from November 2014 to May 2015. The Burnout Battery was administered with the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) and the Doctors' Job Burnout Questionnaire. RESULTS: Of 538 oncology doctors and nurses who completed all the survey, using MBI-HSS as the standard tool for measuring burnout, 52% had emotional exhaustion, 39...
October 5, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Vedat Sar, Firdevs Alioğlu, Gamze Akyuz
Depersonalization (DEP) and derealization (DER) were examined among college students with and without borderline personality disorder (BPD) and/or dissociative disorders (DDs) by self-report and clinician assessment. The Steinberg Depersonalization and Derealization Questionnaires (SDEPQ and SDERQ), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, and the screening tool of the BPD section of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-BPD) were administered to 1301 students. Those with BPD (n = 80) according to the SCID-BPD and 111 non-BPD controls were evaluated using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Dissociative Disorders (SCID-D) by a psychiatrist blind to the diagnosis...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Lisa Laurin-Barantke, Jürgen Hoyer, Lydia Fehm, Susanne Knappe
AIM: To examine the associations of test anxiety (TA) in written vs oral exam situations with social anxiety (SA). METHODS: A convenience sample of 204 students was recruited at the Technische Universität Dresden (TU Dresden, Germany) and contacted via e-mail asking to complete a cross-sectional online survey based on established questionnaires. The study protocol was approved by the ethics committee of the TU Dresden. Full data of n = 96 students were available for dependent t-tests and correlation analyses on the associations of SA and TA respectively with trigger events, cognitions, safety behaviors, physical symptoms and depersonalization...
September 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
Christina Prendergast, Erika Ketteler, Gregory Evans
A career as a plastic surgeon is both rewarding and challenging. The road to becoming a surgeon is a long arduous endeavor and can bring significant challenges not only to the surgeon but their family. A study by the American College of Surgeons (ACS) suggested that over 40% of surgeons experience burnout and a recent survey of American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) showed that more than one-fourth of plastic surgeons have signs of professional burnout. Burnout is a state of physical and mental exhaustion...
September 27, 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Michael C Shapiro, Sowmya R Rao, Jason Dean, Andrew R Salama
PURPOSE: Shame is an ineffective tool in residency education that often results in depression, isolation, and worse patient care. This study aimed to assess burnout, depersonalization, and personal achievement levels in current oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) residents, to assess the prevalence of the use of shame in OMS residency training, and to determine whether there is a relation between shame exposure and resident burnout, depersonalization, and personal achievement levels...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Emin Mehmet Ceylan, Bariş Önen Ünsalver, Alper Evrensel
Meningiomas are mostly benign tumors of the meninges that may stay clinically silent or present first with psychiatric symptoms only. We present a case of medial cranial fossa meningioma that was first diagnosed as mixed anxiety disorder with dissociative symptoms and vertigo. In light of the intact neurological and vestibular system examination, our patient's vertigo and depersonalization were firstly addressed as psychosomatic symptoms of the psychiatric syndrome. Despite decreased anxiety and improved mood, dissociative symptoms and vertigo were resistant to treatment which prompted further research yielding a left hemisphere localized meningioma...
2016: Case Reports in Psychiatry
Tabea L K Schweden, Andre Pittig, David Bräuer, Elisabeth Klumbies, Clemens Kirschbaum, Juergen Hoyer
Symptoms of depersonalization during feared social situations are commonly experienced by individuals with social anxiety disorder (SAD). Despite its clinical relevance, it is not addressed in standard treatment manuals and it remains unclear if depersonalization is reduced by well-established treatments. This study investigated whether cognitive therapy (CT) for SAD effectively reduces depersonalization and whether pre-treatment severity of depersonalization predicts or mediates treatment outcome. In a randomized controlled trial, patients underwent the standardized Trier Social Stress Test before and after CT (n=20) or a waitlist period (n=20) and were compared to healthy controls (n=21)...
October 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Mohammad Reza Abarghouei, Mohammad Hossein Sorbi, Mehdi Abarghouei, Reza Bidaki, Shirin Yazdanpoor
INTRODUCTION: Job stress has become one of the main factors in reducing efficiency and the loss of human resources that may cause physical and psychological adverse effects in employees. Hospital personnel are facing different stressful events, such as birth, pain and death, in a single day. Hence, identifying the job stress rates and related factors may be effective in offering proper strategies. Therefore, the present research was done to study the rate of job stress and burnout in hospital personnel and compare some of the related factors in hospitals personnel of Yazd, Iran...
July 2016: Electronic Physician
Rong Wei, Hong Ji, Jianxin Li, Liyao Zhang
: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether active intervention can decrease job burnout and improve performance among ED nurses. METHODS: This study was carried out in the emergency departments of 3 hospitals randomly selected from 8 comprehensive high-level hospitals in Jinan, China. A total of 102 nurses were enrolled and randomly divided into control and intervention groups. For 6 months, nurses in intervention groups were treated with ordinary treatment plus comprehensive management, whereas nurses in the control group were treated with ordinary management, respectively...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
Osamu Nomura, Hiroki Mishina, Yoshinori Kobayashi, Akira Ishiguro, Hirokazu Sakai, Hiroyuki Kato
Duty hour regulations have been placed in residency programs to address mental health concerns and to improve wellness. Here, we elucidate the prevalence of depressive symptoms after implementing an overnight call shift system and the factors associated with burnout or depression among residents.A sequential exploratory mixed methods study was conducted in a tertiary care pediatric and perinatal hospital in Tokyo, Japan. A total of 41 pediatric residents participated in the cross-sectional survey. We determined and compared the prevalence of depressive symptoms and the number of actual working hours before and after implementing the shift system...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Guillermo Arturo Cañadas-De la Fuente, Luis Albendín-García, Emilia Inmaculada de la Fuente, Concepción San Luis, José Luis Gómez-Urquiza, Gustavo Raúl Cañadas
OBJECTIVE: Burnout syndrome is a disorder that seriously affects people who suffer it, the institutions in which they work and the quality of healthcare. It is of great interest to advance in burnout research for its possible prevention. The aim of this work was to study the levels of burnout syndrome in nurses of emergency department with overtime workdays and to know the relationship between burnout and personality characteristics. METHODS: Multicenter cross-sectional study with a sample of 1225 emergency nurses from the Andalusian Health Service...
2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
Maria Kózka, Tomasz Brzostek, Maria Cisek, Piotr Brzyski, Lucyna Przewoźniak, Teresa Gabryś, Maria Ogarek, Krzysztof Gajda, Anna Ksykiewicz-Dorota
BACKGROUND: Nurses constitute the major professional group offering constant hospital patients' care. Willingness to recommend their hospital reflects confidence in the offered care, satisfaction and identification with the work place. The aim of the present study has been to investigate which elements of hospital environment and nurse personal related factors predict recommendation of the hospital as a place of care by employed nurses. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional, correlation study was, based on 1723 self-reported, anonymous questionnaires of nurses working in 30 acute hospitals...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
Matthias Michal, Julia Adler, Iris Reiner, Andreas Wermke, Tatiana Ackermann, Tanja Schlereth, Frank Birklein
BACKGROUND:  Many patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) report some foreignness of the affected limb, which is referred to as "neglect-like symptoms" (NLS). Despite similarities of the NLS reports to symptoms of body image disturbances in mental disorders, no study has been conducted to examine such associations. METHODS:  We investigated 50 patients with CRPS and 45 pain control patients (N = 27, chronic limb pain; N = 18, migraine headache)...
September 7, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Giulia L Poerio, Stephen Kellett, Peter Totterdell
This study examined in real time the role of sleep and daydreaming as potentiating states for subsequent dissociation in depersonalization/derealization disorder (DDD). Research and theory suggests that dissociation may be exacerbated and maintained by a labile sleep-wake cycle in which "dream-like" mentation intrudes into waking life and fuels dissociative symptoms. We explore and extend this idea by examining the state of daydreaming in dissociation. Daydreaming is a state of consciousness between dreaming and waking cognition that involves stimulus-independent and task-unrelated mentation...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Hasan Belli, Mahir Akbudak, Cenk Ural, Mustafa Solmaz, Zuhal Dogan, Ramazan Konkan
BACKGROUND: A possible relationship has been suggested between social anxiety and dissociation. Traumatic experiences, especially childhood abuse, play an important role in the aetiology of dissociation. AIM: This study assesses childhood trauma history, dissociative symptoms, and dissociative disorder comorbidity in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD). METHOD: The 94 psychotropic drug-naive patients participating in the study had to meet DSM-IV criteria for SAD...
August 26, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
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