keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Depersonalization

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449364/the-association-between-peritraumatic-dissociation-and-ptsd-symptoms-the-mediating-role-of-negative-beliefs-about-the-self
#1
Johanna Thompson-Hollands, Janie J Jun, Denise M Sloan
Peritraumatic dissociation, a term used to describe a complex array of reactions to trauma, including depersonalization, derealization, and emotional numbness, has been associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms across a number of studies. Cognitive theory suggests that interpretations of traumatic events and reactions underlie the persistence of PTSD. The present study examined the associations among peritraumatic dissociation, posttraumatic cognitions, and PTSD symptoms in a group of trauma-exposed adults (N = 169)...
April 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447622/modern-clinical-research-on-lsd
#2
REVIEW
Matthias E Liechti
All modern clinical studies using the classic hallucinogen lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) in healthy subjects or patients in the last 25 years are reviewed herein. There were five recent studies in healthy participants and one in patients. In a controlled setting, LSD acutely induced bliss, audiovisual synesthesia, altered meaning of perceptions, derealization, depersonalization, and mystical experiences. These subjective effects of LSD were mediated by the 5-HT2A receptor. LSD increased feelings of closeness to others, openness, trust, and suggestibility...
April 27, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430672/lamotrigine-uses-in-psychiatric-practice-beyond-bipolar-prophylaxis-a-hope-or-hype
#3
Ahmed Naguy, Najah Al-Enezi
BACKGROUND: Lamotrigine (LAM), an antiepileptic, with panoply of indications and uses in neurology, is FDA approved, in psychiatry, for bipolar prophylaxis. Apart from this indication, trend of its use in psychiatry is on the rise addressing a multitude of disorders. STUDY QUESTION: LAM remains one of only few psychotropic drugs with antiglutamate activity. This might render LAM a potential therapeutic option in treatment-resistant major psychiatric disorders. We reviewed LAM pharmacology and its diverse indications while examining the extant evidence...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410476/fear-reactivity-to-cognitive-dyscontrol-via-novel-head-mounted-display-perceptual-illusion-exercises
#4
Daniel W Capron, Aaron M Norr, Brian J Albanese, Norman B Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Anxiety sensitivity cognitive concerns (ASCC), refer to fears of mental catastrophe or losing control over mental processes. Recent findings show that ASCC are related to suicide risk, mood disorders and trauma-related disorders. Using controlled experimental psychopathology paradigms could be one heretofore unutilized method of increasing understanding of ASCC. Our goal was to test fear reactivity to four head-mounted display perceptual illusion challenges designed to bring on feelings of cognitive dyscontrol (i...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399575/evaluation-of-the-prevalence-of-burnout-and-psychological-morbidity-among-radiation-oncologist-members-of-the-kyoto-radiation-oncology-study-group-krosg
#5
Wambaka Ange Mampuya, Yukinori Matsuo, Akira Nakamura, Masahiro Hiraoka
This study aimed to evaluate the self-reported prevalence of burnout and psychological morbidity among radiation oncologists members of the Kyoto Radiation Oncology Study Group (KROSG) and to identify factors contributing to burnout. We mailed an anonymous survey to 125 radiation oncologists members of the KROSG. The survey included; the demographic data, the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) and the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). There were 87 responses out of 125 eligible respondents (69...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382057/empathy-burnout-demographic-variables-and-their-relationships-in-oncology-nurses
#6
Fariba Taleghani, Elaheh Ashouri, Morteza Saburi
INTRODUCTION: Development of nurse-patient empathic communication in the oncology ward is of great importance for the patients to relieve their psychological stress, however, nursing care of cancer patients is accompanied with high stress and burnout. The present study aimed to define the level of empathy and its association with burnout and some demographic characteristics of oncology nurses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive/correlation study was conducted in a professional cancer treatment center in Isfahan...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344714/moral-distress-and-burnout-in-internal-medicine-residents
#7
Sharareh Sajjadi, Monica Norena, Hubert Wong, Peter Dodek
BACKGROUND: Residents frequently encounter situations in their workplace that may induce moral distress or burnout. The objective of this study was to measure overall and rotation-specific moral distress and burnout in medical residents, and the relationship between demographics and moral distress and burnout. METHODS: The revised Moral Distress Scale and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (Human Service version) were administered to Internal Medicine residents in the 2013-2014 academic year at the University of British Columbia...
February 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344515/burnout-among-nurses-working-in-social-welfare-centers-for-the-disabled
#8
Eleni Lahana, Konstantina Papadopoulou, Olga Roumeliotou, Andreas Tsounis, Pavlos Sarafis, Dimitris Niakas
BACKGROUND: In the healthcare sector, we often come across the burnout syndrome. It is an occupational syndrome which causes, physical and emotional exhaustion. More information is needed on the dangers of burnout and how often it occurs in healthcare. The purpose of this study was to investigate burnout and factors associated with the syndrome among nurses working with people that are mentally challenged. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted, among 180 nurses working in public health centers for the disabled in multiple regions of Greece...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342622/an-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-burnout-socio-demographic-and-workplace-factors-and-job-satisfaction-among-emergency-department-health-professionals
#9
Menderes Tarcan, Neşet Hikmet, Benjamin Schooley, Mehmet Top, Gamze Yorgancıoglu Tarcan
INTRODUCTION: Burnout among emergency medical practitioners and personnel negatively affects career satisfaction and job performance and can lead to mental health issues, including anxiety, depression, and suicide. PURPOSE: This study investigated the relationship between the perceptions of burnout and job satisfaction of those working in two different hospital's emergency departments assessing the effect of burnout dimensions and additional factors (age, position, marital status, annual income, employment type, gender, patient encounters, and household economic well-being) on job satisfaction...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341410/emotional-wellness-of-current-musculoskeletal-radiology-fellows
#10
Jack Porrino, Michael J Mulcahy, Hyojeong Mulcahy, Annemarie Relyea-Chew, Felix S Chew
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Burnout is a psychological syndrome composed of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and sense of lack of personal accomplishment, as a result of prolonged occupational stress. The purpose of our study was to determine the prevalence of burnout among current musculoskeletal radiology fellows and to explore causes of emotional stress. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 24-item survey was constructed on SurveyMonkey using the Maslach Burnout Inventory...
March 21, 2017: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337433/occupational-stress-and-burnout-among-surgeons-in-fiji
#11
Rajeev Patel, Peter Huggard, Annik van Toledo
AIM: This study examined the levels of occupational stress and burnout among surgeons in Fiji. METHODS: A document set comprising a cover letter; a consent form; a sociodemographic and supplementary information questionnaire; the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI); the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12); the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT); and the Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL) questionnaires were provided to surgeons from three public divisional hospitals in Fiji...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317213/dual-role-as-a-protective-factor-for-burnout-related-depersonalization-in-oncologists
#12
Yi He, Ying Pang, Yening Zhang, Richard Fielding, Lili Tang
PURPOSE: This study compared self-reported burnout between dual-role oncologists (oncologists who also do psychosocial work) and single-role oncologists, to explore if dual role is protective against or a risk factor for burnout. METHODS: Dual-role oncologists from across China (n = 131) were consecutively recruited via the Chinese Psychosocial Oncology Society (CPOS) and asked to identify single-role oncologist peers (n = 168) working in the same institution...
March 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291042/commentary-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-does-it-matter-where-or-what-or-whom-you-target
#13
Joshua Berman
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation is a promising treatment for depression and possibly for other psychiatric disorders. Clinical trials show a small but significant benefit compared with sham treatment. Occasional patients respond dramatically, as witnessed in the 2 cases presented here of patients with depersonalization symptoms. The guest discussant, Dr Joshua Berman, analyzes the challenges of finding individualized treatment parameters that could make repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation more predictably effective...
March 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291041/treatment-of-a-patient-with-depersonalization-disorder-with-low-frequency-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-of-the-right-temporo-parietal-junction-in-a-private-practice-setting
#14
Fady Rachid
Depersonalization disorder (DPD) is a debilitating dissociative condition with no proven treatments. Although the pathophysiology of DPD is poorly understood, there are reports of increased excitability of the prefrontal cortex in patients with this condition. The temporo-parietal junction may also play a major role in the conscious experience of the spatial unity of the normal self and body. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation has been shown in some case studies to effectively treat this condition...
March 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291040/treatment-of-depersonalization-disorder-with-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation
#15
Bianca C Karris, Marc Capobianco, Xin Wei, Lesley Ross
High frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2008 to treat major depressive disorder in those who did not respond to at least 1 antidepressant trial. Previous studies have shown that both high frequency rTMS to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and low frequency rTMS to the right DLPFC have antidepressant efficacy in treatment-resistant depression. Although rTMS has been widely used in the treatment of depression, very few studies of rTMS in patients with depersonalization disorder (DPD) have been published so far...
March 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290941/professional-stress-and-burnout-in-u-s-military-medical-personnel-deployed-to-afghanistan
#16
Amy B Adler, Amanda L Adrian, Marla Hemphill, Nicole H Scaro, Maurice L Sipos, Jeffrey L Thomas
BACKGROUND: Studies of medical staff members have consistently documented high levels of burnout compared to those in other professions. Although there are studies of burnout in military medical staff, there are gaps in understanding the experience of medical staff while they are deployed and few occupationally-related factors associated with decreased burnout have been identified in this population. PURPOSE: To assess work-related variables accounting for burnout over and above rank, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and professional stressors in the deployed environment...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288439/the-relationship-between-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-and-burnout-symptoms-in-psychiatrists-with-different-therapeutic-approaches
#17
Ahmet Gül, Hesna Gül, Ummuhan Ceviz Özkal, Zeliha Kıncır, Gozde Gültekin, Hacı Murat Emul
Burnout is a serious problem for psychiatrists that has implications for clinical practice and personal health. While burnout is known to affect cognitive functions, no studies have examined the relationship between sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) and burnout. This study aimed to examine this relationship and related factors as socio-demographic, occupational environment in psychiatrists. Participants(n=201, aged between 25 and 52 years,57.7% female) completed socio-demographic information form, Maslach Burnout Inventory and SCT Scale...
March 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281921/lateralization-of-neurobiological-response-in-adolescents-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-related-to-severe-childhood-sexual-abuse-the-tri-modal-reaction-t-mr-model-of-protection
#18
Tuba Mutluer, Vedat Şar, Çiğdem Kose-Demiray, Harun Arslan, Sibel Tamer, Serap Inal, Anıl Ş Kaçar
This study inquires into neurobiological response to stress and its clinical correlates among adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) measures of cerebral anatomy were carried out on 23 female adolescents with PTSD related to severe childhood sexual abuse and 21 matched healthy controls. Clinician Administered PTSD Scale for Children and Adolescents, Adolescent Dissociative Experiences Scale, Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Age Children, Beck Depression Scale and a set of neuro-cognitive tests were administered to all participants...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281148/patient-autonomy-and-quality-of-care-in-telehealthcare
#19
Giovanni Rubeis, Maximilian Schochow, Florian Steger
Telemedicine is a complex field including various applications and target groups. Especially telehealthcare is seen by many as a means to revolutionize medicine. It gives patients the opportunity to take charge of their own health by using self-tracking devices and allows health professionals to treat patients from a distance. To some, this means an empowerment of patient autonomy as well as an improvement in the quality of care. Others state the dangers of depersonalization of medicine and the pathologization of daily life...
March 9, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259879/basic-self-disturbances-beyond-schizophrenia-discrepancies-and-affinities-in-panic-disorder-an-empirical-clinical-study
#20
Luís Madeira, Sergio Carmenates, Cristina Costa, Ludgero Linhares, Giovanni Stanghellini, Maria Luísa Figueira, Louis Sass
BACKGROUND: Anomalous self-experiences (ASEs), presumably involving alterations in "core" or "minimal self," have been studied as manifest in schizophrenia and its spectrum, in contrast with mood disorder and personality disorder samples. This is the first study to examine ASEs in panic disorder (PD), beginning the exploration of these disturbances of subjectivity in anxiety disorders. We aimed to clarify what might, or might not, be specific to the schizophrenia spectrum domain - which, in turn, could be useful for developing pathogenetic models for various disorders...
2017: Psychopathology
keyword
keyword
18184
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"