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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330234/burnout-in-young-family-physicians-variation-across-states
#1
Anna Hansen, Lars E Peterson, Bo Fang, Robert L Phillips
Family physicians 3 years out of training report high rates of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization, symptoms of burnout, with considerable variation between states. High rates of burnout among new family physicians is concerning and significant state-level variation suggests that state-related factors may contribute to or reduce burnout.
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324955/burnout-and-depressive-symptoms-in-intensive-care-nurses-relationship-analysis
#2
Eduardo Motta de Vasconcelos, Milva Maria Figueiredo De Martino, Salomão Patrício de Souza França
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the existence of a relationship between burnout and depressive symptoms among intensive care unit nursing staff. METHOD: A quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study with 91 intensive care nurses. Data collection used a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey, and the Beck Depression Inventory - I. The Pearson test verified the correlation between the burnout dimension score and the total score from the Beck Depression Inventory...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322572/burnout-among-direct-care-workers-in-nursing-homes-influences-of-organizational-work-place-interpersonal-and-personal-characteristics
#3
Dale E Yeatts, Gul Seckin, Yuying Shen, Michael Thompson, Dana Auden, Cynthia M Cready
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The many negative effects of burnout have prompted researchers to better understand the factors contributing to it. The purpose of this paper is to add to this body of knowledge through the study of burnout among direct care workers (DCWs) in nursing homes (NH). BACKGROUND: Perhaps the factor most often associated with employee burnout is the level of staffing-insufficient staffing results in work overload and eventually employee burnout. A closer look at research findings suggest that there are many other factors also contributing to burnout...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314432/prevalence-of-burnout-syndrome-in-oncology-nursing-a-meta-analytic-study
#4
REVIEW
Guillermo A Cañadas-De la Fuente, Jose L Gómez-Urquiza, Elena M Ortega-Campos, Gustavo R Cañadas, Luis Albendín-García, Emilia I De la Fuente-Solana
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of high levels of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and low personal accomplishment in nursing professionals in oncology services. METHODS: A meta-analytical study was performed. The search was carried out in March 2017 in Pubmed, CINAHL, Scopus, Scielo, Proquest, CUIDEN and LILACS databases. Studies using Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) for the assessment of burnout were included. RESULTS: The total sample of oncology nurses was n=9959...
January 3, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309320/chinese-anesthesiologists-have-high-burnout-and-low-job-satisfaction-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Hange Li, Mingzhang Zuo, Adrian W Gelb, Biao Zhang, Xiaohui Zhao, Dongdong Yao, Di Xia, Yuguang Huang
BACKGROUND: The Chinese health care system must meet the needs of 19% of the world's population. Despite recent economic growth, health care resources are unevenly distributed. This creates the potential for job stress and burnout. We therefore conducted a survey among anesthesiologists in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region focusing on job satisfaction and burnout to determine the incidence and associated factors. METHODS: A large cross-sectional study was performed in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region of China...
January 5, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303919/efficacy-and-safety-of-intensive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation
#6
Tomas Sverak, Libor Ustohal
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is customarily applied on a daily basis for prolonged periods of time for the treatment of psychiatric diseases. The process is demanding in terms of staff and patient time, and the onset of the effect is slow. Recently, intensive rTMS protocols have been introduced in which stimulation is applied to the same area more than once a day with a higher than standard number of pulses. This article reviews 16 articles to determine the safety and efficacy of such protocols...
January 2018: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302772/development-and-preliminary-psychometric-properties-of-an-instrument-for-the-measurement-of-obsessional-dissociative-experiences-the-van-obsessional-dissociation-questionnaire-vod-q
#7
Murat Boysan, Abdullah Yıldırım, Lütfullah Beşiroğlu, Mehmet Celal Kefeli, Mücahit Kağan
A growing body of research evidence documents the substantial associations between obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and dissociation. This article describes the development and preliminary psychometric properties of the Van Obsessional Dissociation Questionnaire (VOD-Q). Obsessional dissociation is defined as a tendency to dissociate in reaction to distressing, unwanted and intrusive thoughts, images and impulses. The screening tool is conceptualized to tap obsessional dissociation across three dimensions: obsessional absorption, obsessional depersonalization/ derealization and obsessional amnesia...
January 4, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296086/brain-functional-integration-an-epidemiologic-study-on-stress-producing-dissociative-phenomena
#8
Raffaele Sperandeo, Vincenzo Monda, Giovanni Messina, Marco Carotenuto, Nelson Mauro Maldonato, Enrico Moretto, Elena Leone, Vincenzo De Luca, Marcellino Monda, Antonietta Messina
Dissociative phenomena are common among psychiatric patients; the presence of these symptoms can worsen the prognosis, increasing the severity of their clinical conditions and exposing them to increased risk of suicidal behavior. Personality disorders as long duration stressful experiences may support the development of dissociative phenomena. In 933 psychiatric outpatients consecutively recruited, presence of dissociative phenomena was identified with the Dissociative Experience Scale (DES). Dissociative phenomena were significantly more severe in the group of people with mental disorders and/or personality disorders...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280446/burnout-evaluation-of-radiation-residents-nationwide-results-of-a-survey-of-united-states-residents
#9
Stephen J Ramey, Awad A Ahmed, Cristiane Takita, Lynn D Wilson, Charles R Thomas, Raphael Yechieli
PURPOSE: To assess rates of burnout among US radiation oncology residents and evaluate program/resident factors associated with burnout. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A nationwide survey was distributed to residents in all US radiation oncology programs. The survey included the Maslach Burnout Index-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) as well as demographic and program-specific questions tailored to radiation oncology residents. Primary endpoints included rates of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment from MBI-HSS subscale scores...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275938/the-prevalence-of-burnout-among-nursing-home-physicians-an-international-perspective
#10
Arif Nazir, Martin Smalbrugge, Andrea Moser, Jurgis Karuza, Charles Crecelius, Cees Hertogh, Sid Feldman, Paul R Katz
Physician burnout is a critical factor influencing the quality of care delivered in various healthcare settings. Although the prevalence and consequences of burnout have been well documented for physicians in various jurisdictions, no studies to date have reported on burnout in the postacute and long-term care setting. In this exploratory study, we sought to quantify the prevalence of burnout among 3 cohorts of physicians, each practicing in nursing homes in the United States (US), Canada, or The Netherlands...
January 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239771/burnout-among-chinese-adult-reconstructive-surgeons-incidence-risk-factors-and-relationship-with-intraoperative-irritability
#11
Hanlong Zheng, Hongyi Shao, Yixin Zhou
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a major concern in human service occupations, mainly characterizing in emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. There is very limited research dealing with burnout in orthopedic surgeons. Exploring burnout prevalence, risk factors, and intraoperative irritability-related incidences is necessary to improve the quality of life for surgeons. METHODS: The study population consisted of 202 registered adult reconstructive doctors in China. Burnout was measured using a normalized translated version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Service Survey...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225482/the-relationship-between-empathy-and-burnout-lessons-for-paramedics-a-scoping-review
#12
REVIEW
Brett Williams, Rosalind Lau, Emma Thornton, Lauren S Olney
Background: The concepts of empathy and burnout are critical for practicing paramedics and the profession. While there has been an increasing body of research on the relationship between empathy and burnout with physicians and nurses, surprisingly, no research has been undertaken with paramedics. The aim of this scoping review was to explore the relationship between empathy and burnout. Method: A scoping review was performed based on Arskey and O'Malley's framework...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223304/the-relationship-between-perceived-gender-judgment-and-well-being-among-surgical-residents
#13
Arghavan Salles, Laurel Milam, Geoffrey Cohen, Claudia Mueller
BACKGROUND: Physician well-being is a significant problem. Here we explore whether one factor, a resident's concern for being judged by one's gender, influences well-being. METHODS: Over two years at one institution, we surveyed surgical residents on validated measures of well-being as well as the extent to which they felt they were judged because of their gender (gender judgment). We used correlations and linear regression to investigate the relationships between gender judgment and well-being...
November 6, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200142/burnout-rates-in-pediatric-emergency-medicine-physicians
#14
Jasmine Patterson, Alison Gardner
OBJECTIVE: Burnout is a syndrome in which a reduced sense of personal accomplishment, depersonalization, and emotional exhaustion develop in response to prolonged stress. It is well known that physicians suffer high rates of burnout; emergency medicine physicians experience significantly increased rates of burnout, whereas physicians in other specialties, like pediatrics, may be spared. Pediatric emergency medicine physicians are on the frontline of care for the critically ill child, which could put them at high risk for burnout...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198214/teachers-perceived-disruption-at-school-and-related-variables-from-teachers-and-school-functioning
#15
María Belén Martínez Fernández, José C Chacón Gómez, Javier Martín Babarro, María José Díaz-Aguado Jalón, Rosario Martínez Arias
This study explores variables related to teachers' perception of disruption at school as a function of teachers (sense of personal accomplishment, professional disengagement and depersonalization and emotional exhaustion) and school (overall school management and quality of school rules) factors. Using a questionnaire regarding school climate, data from 4,055 teachers across 187 high schools were analyzed. Hierarchical linear modeling was applied and the results indicate that, taken separately, significant individual teacher predictors (Model 1) explain 26% (95% CI [...
December 4, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196079/burnout-moral-distress-work-life-balance-and-career-satisfaction-among-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-professionals
#16
Joyce L Neumann, Lih-Wen Mau, Sanya Virani, Ellen M Denzen, Deborah A Boyle, Nancy J Boyle, Jane Dabney, Alexandra De KeselLofthus, Marion Kalbacker, Tippu Khan, Navneet S Majhail, Elizabeth A Murphy, Pamela Paplham, Leslie Parran, Miguel-Angel Perales, Todd H Rockwood, Kim Schmit-Pokorny, Tait D Shanafelt, Elaine Stenstrup, William A Wood, Linda J Burns
BACKGROUND: A projected shortage of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) health professionals was identified as a major issue during the National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP)/Be The Match System Capacity Initiative. Work-related distress and work-life balance were noted to be potential barriers to recruitment/retention. This study examined these barriers and their association with career satisfaction across HCT disciplines. METHODS: A cross-sectional, 90-item, web-based survey was administered to advanced practice providers (APP), nurses, physicians, pharmacists, and social workers in 2015...
November 28, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190209/national-study-of-burnout-and-career-satisfaction-among-physician-assistants-in-oncology-implications-for-team-based-care
#17
Eric Daniel Tetzlaff, Heather Marie Hylton, Lyudmila DeMora, Karen Ruth, Yu-Ning Wong
PURPOSE: A high rate of burnout has been reported in oncology physicians. Physician assistants (PAs) may also face similar risks of burnout. We sought to measure the personal and professional characteristics associated with burnout and career satisfaction and the potential impact on the oncology PA workforce. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A national survey of PAs in oncology was completed by using the Maslach Burnout Inventory from September 2015 to January 2016. RESULTS: In all, 855 PAs were contacted and 250 submitted complete surveys (response rate, 29...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178598/workplace-bullying-and-burnout-among-healthcare-employees-the-moderating-effect-of-control-related-resources
#18
Yael Livne, Ruhama Goussinsky
Workplace bullying is a widespread and challenging problem in healthcare organizations, bearing negative consequences for individuals and organizations. Drawing on the job demands-resources theory, in this study, we examined the relationship between workplace bullying and burnout among healthcare employees, as well as the moderating role of job autonomy and occupational self-efficacy in this relationship. Using a cross-sectional design with anonymous questionnaires, data were collected from two samples of 309 healthcare employees in a mental health facility, and 105 nurses studying for their bachelor degree in health systems administration...
November 27, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173740/the-dissociative-subtype-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-among-adolescents-co-occurring-ptsd-depersonalization-derealization-and-other-dissociation-symptoms
#19
Kristen R Choi, Julia S Seng, Ernestine C Briggs, Michelle L Munro-Kramer, Sandra A Graham-Bermann, Robert C Lee, Julian D Ford
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the co-occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and dissociation in a clinical sample of trauma-exposed adolescents by evaluating evidence for the depersonalization/derealization dissociative subtype of PTSD as defined by the DSM-5 and then examining a broader set of dissociation symptoms. METHOD: A sample of treatment-seeking, trauma-exposed adolescents 12 to 16 years old (N = 3,081) from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network Core Data Set was used to meet the study objectives...
December 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172100/social-identities-and-shared-realities
#20
REVIEW
Michael A Hogg, Mark J Rinella
People are fundamentally motivated to establish a shared reality with others to validate their identity and experiences. Guided by social identity theory, we examine how social identity processes, such as self-categorization and depersonalization, create a shared identity and a sense of shared reality. Research demonstrates that internal states such as attitudes, feelings, and emotions are often shared among members of a group. Furthermore, research has shown that self-uncertainty motivates people to establish shared realities through group identification, often with highly entitative groups that are associated with a self-saturating reality that is shared absolutely...
November 4, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
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