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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022041/empathy-and-burnout-a-study-on-residents-from-a-singapore-institution
#1
Phong Teck Lee, Julian Loh, Gerald Sng, Joshua Tung, Khung Keong Yeo
INTRODUCTION: Empathy and burnout are two entities that are important in a physician's career. They are likely to relate to one another and can be heavily influenced by surrounding factors, such as medical education, local practices and cultural expectations. Empathy and burnout studies have not been performed in Singapore. This study was designed to evaluate empathy and burnout levels using the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE) and Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) among residents in Singapore, and compare them with US literature...
October 12, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990151/burnout-and-stress-amongst-interns-in-irish-hospitals-contributing-factors-and-potential-solutions
#2
E Hannan, N Breslin, E Doherty, M McGreal, D Moneley, G Offiah
BACKGROUND: The transition from medical school to internship can be daunting for newly qualified doctors. High rates of stress and burnout have been reported, with negative impacts on patient care and physician wellbeing. AIMS: We surveyed interns in our hospital group to evaluate rates of stress and burnout, as well as identify the causative factors and propose potential solutions to these. METHODS: A hundred and one interns working in four different hospitals over a 2-year period were invited to participate in an anonymous survey...
October 9, 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976883/is-the-burnout-syndrome-associated-with-elder-mistreatment-in-nursing-homes-results-of-a-cross-sectional-study-among-nurses
#3
Marijana Neuberg, Danica Železnik, Tomislav Meštrović, Rosana Ribić, Goran Kozina
As this issue has not yet been addressed in Croatia, our aim was to explore the presence of the burnout syndrome in nurses and see how it is related to their perception of elder mistreatment in nursing homes and extended care units. The burnout syndrome was assessed in 171 nursing professionals with a standardised Maslach Burnout Inventory for Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) for three dimensions: emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (DP), and personal accomplishment (PA). High EE was reported by 43...
September 26, 2017: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924275/relationship-among-academic-engagement-burnout-and-student-perceptions-of-curriculum-delivery-in-speech-and-language-therapy-students-from-university-of-concepcion-chile
#4
Rocio Glaria, Lorena Carmona, Cristhian Perez, Paula Parra
OBJECTIVE: To relate engagement and academic burnout with curriculum evaluation among speech therapy students. METHODS: This observational, cross-sectional study was conducted at the end of the first academic semester for each level and at the end of a theoretical class in order to ensure the maximum participation rate at the University of Concepción, Concepción, Chile, and comprised students of a speech and language therapy programme.Curriculum evaluation scale, academic engagement and academic burnout questionnaires were used...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924267/burnout-among-gynaecological-residents-in-lahore-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Khadija Waheed, Naeem Liaqat, Amna Khanum, Sara Ejaz, Shamila Ijaz, Ambreen Butt, Fawad Ahmed Randhawa, Iffat Naheed, Salman Javed
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of burnout among gynaecological residents and factors associated with it. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed at the University Medical and Dental College, Faisalabad, Pakistan, from March to April 2016, and comprised female medical students. Participants were divided into groups on the basis of their ABO blood groups and on body mass index criteria. Blood groups were determined by simple conventional slide method...
September 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839120/occupational-stress-and-burnout-among-hong-kong-dentists
#6
H B Choy, M Cm Wong
INTRODUCTION: Professional burnout has been described as a gradual erosion of a person and may be one of the possible consequences of chronic occupational stress. Although occupational stress has been surveyed among dentists in Hong Kong, no study has been published about burnout in the profession. This study aimed to evaluate burnout among Hong Kong dentists and its association with occupational stress. METHODS: We surveyed a random sample of 1086 registered dentists in Hong Kong, which formed 50% of the local profession...
October 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832234/deferring-the-decision-point-treatment-assertions-in-neurology-outpatient-consultations
#7
Merran Toerien
Recommendations can be implied by asserting some generalisation about a treatment's benefit without overtly directing the patient to take it. Focusing on a collection of assertions in UK neurology consultations, this paper shows that these are overwhelmingly receipted as "merely" doing informing and argues that this is made possible by their ambiguous design: their relatively depersonalised formats convey that the neurologist is simply telling the patient what's available, but the link made between the treatment and the patient's condition implies that it will be of benefit...
August 23, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811913/burnout-and-psychiatric-morbidity-among-doctors-in-the-uk-a-systematic-literature-review-of-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#8
REVIEW
Udemezue O Imo
Aims and method To systematically review the prevalence and associated factors of burnout and stress-related psychiatric disorders among UK doctors. An extensive search was conducted of PubMed, EBSCOhost and British medical journals for studies published over a 20-year span measuring the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity (using the General Health Questionnaire) and burnout (using the Maslach Burnout Inventory). Results Prevalence of psychiatric morbidity ranged from 17 to 52%. Burnout scores for emotional exhaustion ranged from 31 to 54...
August 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806863/influence-of-gender-working-field-and-psychosocial-factors-on-the-vulnerability-for-burnout-in-mental-hospital-staff-results-of-an-austrian-cross-sectional-study
#9
Petra Schadenhofer, Michael Kundi, Heidemarie Abrahamian, Harald Stummer, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer
INTRODUCTION: According to the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA), hospitals represent a work environment with high job strain. Prolonged perceived occupational stress may result in symptoms of burnout, such as emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (DP) and reduced personal accomplishment (PA). Understanding which factors may reduce vulnerability for burnout is an important requirement for well-targeted occupational stress prevention in mental hospital staff...
August 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717000/empathy-burnout-and-antibiotic-prescribing-for-acute-respiratory-infections-a-cross-sectional-primary-care-study-in-the-us
#10
Bob Z Sun, Alexander Chaitoff, Bo Hu, Kathleen Neuendorf, Mahesh Manne, Michael B Rothberg
BACKGROUND: The impact of physician-patient relationship factors, such as physician empathy and burnout, on antibiotic prescribing has not been characterised. AIM: To assess associations between physician empathy and burnout and antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in primary care. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study of primary care practices in the Cleveland Clinic Health System in the US. METHOD: Patient and prescribing data were obtained from the medical record...
August 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712041/nightmares-in-the-general-population-identifying-potential-causal-factors
#11
Stephanie Rek, Bryony Sheaves, Daniel Freeman
BACKGROUND: Nightmares are inherently distressing, prevent restorative sleep, and are associated with a number of psychiatric problems, but have rarely been the subject of empirical study. Negative affect, linked to stressful events, is generally considered the key trigger of nightmares; hence nightmares have most often been considered in the context of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, many individuals with heightened negative affect do not have nightmares. The objective of this study was to identify mechanistically plausible factors, beyond negative affect, that may explain why individuals experience nightmares...
July 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697615/predictors-of-burnout-among-hiv-nurses-in-the-western-cape
#12
Rizwana Roomaney, Jeanette Steenkamp, Ashraf Kagee
BACKGROUND: Burnout has been implicated as one of the reasons for key healthcare personnel, such as nurses, leaving their profession, resulting in insufficient staff to attend to patients. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the predictors of three dimensions of burnout, namely emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and personal accomplishment, among nurses in South Africa attending to patients living with HIV. METHOD: Participants were recruited at a large tertiary hospital in the Western Cape region, with the help of the assistant director of nursing at the hospital...
June 28, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687289/occupational-burnout-among-radiation-therapists-in-australia-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study
#13
N Singh, C Wright, K Knight, M Baird, D Akroyd, R D Adams, M E Schneider
INTRODUCTION: Evidence demonstrates that health care professionals in the palliative care context are more burned out than other health professionals. The aims of this study were to examine: (1) occupational burnout levels among radiation therapists in Australia, (2) association between demographic factors on burnout and (3) radiation therapists' perceptions of burnout. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey including the Maslach Burnout Inventory was administered to Radiation Therapists in Australia...
August 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545878/burnout-and-health-among-critical-care-professionals-the-mediational-role-of-resilience
#14
Oscar Arrogante, Eva Aparicio-Zaldivar
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the mediational role of resilience in relationships between burnout and health in critical care professionals; to determine relationships among resilience level, three burnout dimensions, and physical/mental health; and to establish demographic differences in psychological variables evaluated. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS/SETTING: A total of 52 critical care professionals, mainly nurses, were recruited from an intensive care unit of Madrid (Spain)...
October 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499753/emotional-intelligence-and-stress-management-in-nursing-professionals-in-a-hospital-emergency-department
#15
Tatiana Nespereira-Campuzano, Miriam Vázquez-Campo
OBJECTIVE: To determine stress levels and to identify if there is a relationship between emotional intelligence and work stress in nurses and healthcare assistants of the Emergency Department. METHOD: Observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. The population were nurses and healthcare assistants of the Emergency Department of the University Hospital of Ourense. The data were collected between January and May 2016. The tool used was a validated, anonymous, and self-administered questionnaire that included the Trait Meta-Mood Scale and Moreno's Brief Burnout Questionnaire...
May 9, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449049/professional-burnout-in-european-young-oncologists-results-of-the-european-society-for-medical-oncology-esmo-young-oncologists-committee-burnout-survey
#16
S Banerjee, R Califano, J Corral, E de Azambuja, L De Mattos-Arruda, V Guarneri, M Hutka, K Jordan, E Martinelli, G Mountzios, M A Ozturk, M Petrova, S Postel-Vinay, M Preusser, C Qvortrup, M N M Volkov, J Tabernero, D Olmos, M H Strijbos
Background: Burnout in health care professionals could have serious negative consequences on quality of patient care, professional satisfaction and personal life. Our aim was to investigate the burnout prevalence, work and lifestyle factors potentially affecting burnout amongst European oncologists ≤40 (YOs). Methods: A survey was conducted using the validated Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and additional questions exploring work/lifestyle factors. Statistical analyses were carried out to identify factors associated with burnout...
July 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377806/job-stress-and-burnout-in-the-care-staff-of-leros-pikpa-asylum-25-years-after-the-first-deinstitutionalisation-and-rehabilitation-greek-project
#17
Anastasia Bougea, Manolis Kostas Kleisarchakis, Nikolaos Spantideas, Panagiota Voskou, Thomas Thomaides, George Chrousos, Sophia Andreas Belegri
Aims and method To identify correlates between burnout and job stress of care staff at Leros PIKPA Asylum. Forty-nine asylum employees were assessed by Maslach's Burnout Inventory, a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Perceived Stress Scale and the Job Content Questionnaire. Results Emotional exhaustion is related negatively to social support (P = 0.010, r = -0.362). Lack of job achievements is related positively to overall job responsibility (P = 0.040) and negatively to lack of job satisfaction (r = -0.430)...
December 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336554/depersonalisation-and-derealisation-assessment-and-management
#18
Elaine C M Hunter, Jane Charlton, Anthony S David
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295750/vulnerability-to-burnout-within-the-nursing-workforce-the-role-of-personality-and-interpersonal-behaviour
#19
Nina Geuens, Peter Van Bogaert, Erik Franck
AIM: To study the combination of personality and interpersonal behaviour of staff nurses in general hospitals in relation to burnout and its separate dimensions. BACKGROUND: More research on the individual factors contributing to the development of burnout is needed to improve the risk profile of nursing staff. Therefore, a combination of Leary's Interpersonal Circumplex Model, which depicts the interpersonal behaviour trait domain, and the Five Factor Model was considered in the study at hand...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076965/predictors-of-burnout-and-health-status-in-samaritans-listening-volunteers
#20
Adeline Roche, Jane Ogden
Samaritan listening volunteers provide emotional support to people in distress or suicidal. Samaritans' has high volunteer turnover, which may be due to burnout. This study evaluated the role of demographic and psychosocial factors in predicting Samaritans listening volunteers' burnout and health status. Samaritans' listening volunteers (n = 216) from seven branches across UK completed an online survey to assess their levels of burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation, personal accomplishment), subjective health status, coping, empathy and social support...
December 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
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