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ketamine pain management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757824/effects-of-preincisional-analgesia-with-surgical-site-infiltration-of-ketamine-or-levobupivacaine-in-patients-undergoing-abdominal-hysterectomy-under-general-anesthesia-a-randomized-double-blind-study
#1
Nasr Mahmoud Abdallah, Atef Kamel Salama, Ahmed Mohamed Ellithy
CONTEXT: Postoperative pain management remains a cornerstone in patient's management to ensure a better quality of life. Preemptive analgesia is reported to inhibit the persistence of postoperative pain. AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess the analgesic effectiveness of preincisional infiltration of ketamine following elective abdominal hysterectomy as compared to levobupivacaine. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a prospective, randomized, double-blind study...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743507/ketamine-for-pain-management-side-effects-potential-adverse-events
#2
Cheryl A Allen, Julius R Ivester
An old anesthetic agent, ketamine is finding new use in lower doses for analgesic purposes. There are concerns stemming from its potential side effects-specifically psychomimetic effects. These side effects are directly related to dose amount. The doses used for analgesic purposes are much lower than those used for anesthesia purposes. A literature review was performed to ascertain potential side effects and/or adverse events when using ketamine for analgesia purposes. The search included CINAHL, PubMed, and Ovid using the search terms "ketamine," "ketamine infusion," "pain," "adverse events," "practice guideline," and "randomized controlled trial...
July 22, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731926/history-of-anaesthesia-the-ketamine-story-past-present-and-future
#3
Georges Mion
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728322/perioperative-hypertension-management-during-facelift-under-local-anesthesia-with-intravenous-hypnotics
#4
Ki Ho Chung, Myeong Soo Cho, Hoon Jin
Perioperative hypertension is a phenomenon in which a surgical patient's blood pressure temporarily increases throughout the preoperative and postoperative periods and remains high until the patient's condition stabilizes. This phenomenon requires immediate treatment not only because it is observed in a majority of patients who are not diagnosed with high blood pressure, but also because occurs in patients with underlying essential hypertension who show a sharp increase in their blood pressure. The most common complication following facelift surgery is hematoma, and the most critical risk factor that causes hematoma is elevated systolic blood pressure...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713597/ketamine-use-for-successful-resolution-of-post-ercp-acute-pancreatitis-abdominal-pain
#5
Suneel M Agerwala, Divya Sundarapandiyan, Garret Weber
We report a case in which a patient with intractable pain secondary to post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) acute pancreatitis is successfully treated with a subanesthetic ketamine infusion. Shortly after ERCP, the patient reported severe stabbing epigastric pain. She exhibited voluntary guarding and tenderness without distension. Amylase and lipase levels were elevated. Pain persisted for hours despite hydromorphone PCA, hydromorphone boluses, fentanyl boluses, and postprocedure anxiolytics...
2017: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707454/interventions-for-postoperative-pain-in-children-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#6
REVIEW
Krste Boric, Svjetlana Dosenovic, Antonia Jelicic Kadic, Marijan Batinic, Marija Cavar, Marjan Urlic, Nikolina Markovina, Livia Puljak
The aim of this study was to conduct an overview of systematic reviews that summarizes the results about efficacy and safety from randomized controlled trials involving the various strategies used for postoperative pain management in children. We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, CINAHL, Database of Reviews of Effect, Embase, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO from the earliest date to January 24, 2016. This overview included 45 systematic reviews that evaluated interventions for postoperative pain in children...
September 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698351/subdissociative-intranasal-ketamine-plus-standard-pain-therapy-versus-standard-pain-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-paediatric-sickle-cell-disease-vaso-occlusive-crises-in-resource-limited-settings-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
James R Young, Hendry Robert Sawe, Juma A Mfinanga, Ernest Nshom, Ethan Helm, Charity G Moore, Michael S Runyon, Stacy L Reynolds
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric sickle cell disease, highly prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa, carries great morbidity and mortality risk. Limited resources and monitoring make management of acute vaso-occlusive crises challenging. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of subdissociative intranasal ketamine as a cheap, readily available and easily administered adjunct to standard pain therapy. We hypothesise that subdissociative, intranasal ketamine may significantly augment current approaches to pain management in resource-limited settings in a safe and cost-effective manner...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673061/the-risk-of-upper-urinary-tract-involvement-in-patients-with-ketamine-associated-uropathy
#8
Chi-Hang Yee, Jeremy Yuen-Chun Teoh, Pui-Tak Lai, Vivian Yee-Fong Leung, Winnie Chiu-Wing Chu, Wai-Man Lee, Yuk-Him Tam, Chi-Fai Ng
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of upper tract involvement in ketamine-associated uropathy, and to determine the predictors of hydronephrosis in patients with a history of ketamine abuse. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of a prospective cohort of patients with ketamine-associated uropathy. Data including demographics, pattern of ketamine abuse, pelvic pain and urgency or frequency (PUF) symptom score, uroflowmetry (UFM) parameters, serum renal function, and liver function tests were collected...
June 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655364/systematic-review-of-the-use-of-low-dose-ketamine-for-analgesia-in-the-emergency-department
#9
Gauri Ghate, Eric Clark, Christian Vaillancourt
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to determine the performance of low-dose ketamine (LDK) as an analgesic for acute pain management in adult patients in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: We systematically reviewed electronic databases, grey literature, conference abstracts, and clinical trial registries. Two independent reviewers identified eligible studies. These selections were subsequently reviewed by one reviewer who identified the final eligible studies, using refined inclusion and exclusion criteria...
June 28, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631150/low-dose-subcutaneous-ketamine-for-postoperative-pain-management-in-rwanda-a-dose-finding-study
#10
Jon Tuchscherer, William P McKay, Theogene Twagirumugabe
PURPOSE: Good pain control is not a normal part of surgical care in sub-Saharan Africa due to lack of resources. The primary objective of this study was to determine an efficacious dose of subcutaneous ketamine for postoperative pain for use in a future randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Following research ethics board and local hospital approval for this research, we obtained informed consent from 31 patients undergoing major surgery for a random walk dose-finding study...
June 19, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesth├ęsie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625307/postcesarean-delivery-analgesia
#11
REVIEW
Brendan Carvalho, Alexander J Butwick
Effective pain management should be a key priority in women undergoing cesarean delivery. Suboptimal perioperative pain management is associated with chronic pain, greater opioid use, delayed functional recovery, impaired maternal-fetal bonding, and increased postpartum depression. Severe acute postoperative pain is also strongly associated with persistent pain after cesarean delivery. Multimodal analgesia is the core principle for cesarean delivery pain management. The use of neuraxial morphine and opioid-sparing adjuncts such as scheduled nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications and acetaminophen is recommended for all women undergoing cesarean delivery with neuraxial anesthesia unless contraindicated...
March 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536358/modulation-of-nmda-receptor-activity-in-fibromyalgia
#12
REVIEW
Geoffrey Littlejohn, Emma Guymer
Activation of the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) results in increased sensitivity of spinal cord and brain pathways that process sensory information, particularly those which relate to pain. The NMDAR shows increased activity in fibromyalgia and hence modulation of the NMDAR is a target for therapeutic intervention. A literature review of interventions impacting on the NMDAR shows a number of drugs to be active on the NMDAR mechanism in fibromyalgia patients, with variable clinical effects. Low-dose intravenous ketamine and oral memantine both show clinically useful benefit in fibromyalgia...
April 11, 2017: Biomedicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526150/pharmacogenomics-in-pain-management
#13
REVIEW
Ramsey Saba, Alan D Kaye, Richard D Urman
There is interpatient variability to analgesic administration. Much can be traced to pharmacogenomics variations between individuals. Certain ethnicities are more prone to reduced function of CYP2D6. Weak opioids are subject to interpatient variation based on their CYP2D6 type. Strong opioids have variations based on their transport and individual metabolism. Several cytochrome enzymes have been found to be involved with ketamine but there is no strong evidence of individual polymorphisms manifesting in clinical outcomes...
June 2017: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525529/is-intravenous-ketamine-effective-for-postoperative-pain-management-in-adults
#14
Camila Stuardo, Diego Lobos-Urbina, Fernando Altermatt
Ketamine is a N-Metil-D-Aspartate receptor antagonist that has been used as adjuvant in the acute postoperative pain management because of its analgesic properties. However, its role is not clearly determined. To answer this question, we searched in Epistemonikos database, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources. We identified 19 systematic reviews including 226 randomized trials overall. We extracted data and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach. We concluded intravenous ketamine probably has little or no effect in reducing postoperative pain...
May 17, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489643/factors-influencing-quality-of-pain-management-in-a-physician-staffed-helicopter-emergency-medical-service
#15
Nicole Oberholzer, Alexander Kaserer, Roland Albrecht, Burkhardt Seifert, Mario Tissi, Donat R Spahn, Konrad Maurer, Philipp Stein
BACKGROUND: Pain is frequently encountered in the prehospital setting and needs to be treated quickly and sufficiently. However, incidences of insufficient analgesia after prehospital treatment by emergency medical services are reported to be as high as 43%. The purpose of this analysis was to identify modifiable factors in a specific emergency patient cohort that influence the pain suffered by patients when admitted to the hospital. METHODS: For that purpose, this retrospective observational study included all patients with significant pain treated by a Swiss physician-staffed helicopter emergency service between April and October 2011 with the following characteristics to limit selection bias: Age > 15 years, numerical rating scale (NRS) for pain documented at the scene and at hospital admission, NRS > 3 at the scene, initial Glasgow coma scale > 12, and National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics score < VI...
July 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469132/population-scale-data-reveals-the-antidepressant-effects-of-ketamine-and-other-therapeutics-approved-for-non-psychiatric-indications
#16
Isaac V Cohen, Tigran Makunts, Rabia Atayee, Ruben Abagyan
Current therapeutic approaches to depression fail for millions of patients due to lag in clinical response and non-adherence. Here we provide new support for the antidepressant effect of an anesthetic drug, ketamine, by Inverse-Frequency Analysis of eight million reports from the FDA Adverse Effect Reporting System. The results of the examination of population scale data revealed that patients who received ketamine had significantly lower frequency of reports of depression than patients who took any other combination of drugs for pain...
May 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468999/ketamine-induced-converged-synchronous-gamma-oscillations-in-the-cortico-basal-ganglia-network-of-nonhuman-primates
#17
Maya Slovik, Boris Rosin, Shay Moshel, Rea Mitelman, Eitan Schechtman, Renana Eitan, Aeyal Raz, Hagai Bergman
N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) antagonists are widely used in anesthesia, pain management, and schizophrenia animal model studies, and recently as potential antidepressants. However, the mechanisms underlying their anesthetic, psychotic, cognitive, and emotional effects are still elusive. The basal ganglia (BG) integrate input from different cortical domains through their dopamine-modulated connections to achieve optimal behavior control. NMDA antagonists have been shown to induce gamma oscillations in human EEG recordings and in rodent cortical and BG networks...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463863/is-subdissociative-ketamine-as-safe-and-effective-as-morphine-for-pain-management-in-the-emergency-department
#18
Patricia Kunz Howard, Christine M Gisness
: Review of recent evidence with translation to practice for the advanced practice nurse (APN) role is presented using a case study module for "Intravenous Subdissociative-Dose Ketamine Versus Morphine for Analgesia in the Emergency Department: A Randomized Controlled Trial." This prospective, randomized controlled inquiry enrolled 90 patients into 2 groups (ketamine vs. morphine) for patients seeking care in an emergency department with acute pain. Data regarding pain scores were collected at baseline, 15, 30, 60, 90, and 120 min...
April 2017: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460699/case-study-of-high-dose-ketamine-for-treatment-of-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-in-the-pediatric-intensive-care-unit
#19
REVIEW
Tracy Ann Pasek, Kelli Crowley, Catherine Campese, Rachel Lauer, Charles Yang
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a life-altering and debilitating chronic pain condition. The authors are presenting a case study of a female who received high-dose ketamine for the management of her CRPS. The innovative treatment lies not only within the pharmacologic management of her pain, but also in the fact that she was the first patient to be admitted to our pediatric intensive care unit solely for pain control. The primary component of the pharmacotherapy treatment strategy plan was escalating-dose ketamine infusion via patient-controlled-analgesia approved by the pharmacy and therapeutics committee guided therapy for this patient...
June 2017: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435316/subanesthetic-ketamine-for-pain-management-in-hospitalized-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-single-center-cohort-study
#20
Kathy A Sheehy, Caroline Lippold, Amy L Rice, Raissa Nobrega, Julia C Finkel, Zenaide Mn Quezado
BACKGROUND: Subanesthetic doses of ketamine, an N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor antagonist used as an adjuvant to opioid for the treatment of pain in adults with acute and chronic pain, have been shown, in some instances, to improve pain intensity and to decrease opioid intake. However, less is known about the role of ketamine in pain management in children, adolescents, and young adults. PURPOSE: We examined the effects of subanesthetic ketamine on pain intensity and opioid intake in children, adolescents, and young adults with acute and chronic pain syndromes treated in an inpatient setting...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
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