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Andrea Di Marco, Teresa Oloriz Sanjuan, Gabriele Paglino, Francesca Baratto, Pasquale Vergara, Caterina Bisceglia, Nicola Trevisi, Simone Sala, Alessandra Marzi, Simone Gulletta, Manuela Cireddu, Ignasi Anguera, Paolo Della Bella
INTRODUCTION: Late potentials (LP) abolition is recognized as an effective strategy for substrate ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT). The presence of a chronic total occlusion in a coronary artery responsible for a previous myocardial infarction (infarct related artery CTO, IRA-CTO) is emerging as a predictor of ventricular arrhythmias and VT recurrence after ablation. We sought to analyze the effects of LP abolition, focusing on the high-risk sub-group of patients with IRA-CTO...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Asaad A Khan, George D Dangas
Several chronic total occlusions (CTOs) may be undilatable despite successful wire passage; several techniques can be used for lesion preparation, such as high-pressure balloon inflations, rotational atherectomy laser, cutting balloon, and scoring balloons. Presence of moderate to severe calcification and lesion length over 40 mm in association with comorbidities, such as diabetes mellitus and reduced ejection fraction, may contribute to making a CTO lesion undilatable. Still, appropriate therapy selection for a patient with CTO should be individualized and procedure safety attended to...
March 1, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Damianos G Kokkinidis, Bejan Alvandi, Ryan Cotter, Prio Hossain, T Raymond Foley, Gagan D Singh, Stephen W Waldo, John R Laird, Ehrin J Armstrong
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of re-entry device (RED) use on 1- and 5-year outcomes after endovascular treatment of common iliac artery (CIA) chronic total Occlusions (CTOs). BACKGROUND: There are not enough data regarding the long-term safety and efficacy of RED. METHODS: We performed a two-center retrospective study of 115 patients (140 lesions) undergoing CIA CTO endovascular intervention between 2006 and 2016. Baseline characteristics and long-term outcomes were described...
March 9, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Qian Wu, Mengmeng Yu, Yuehua Li, Wenbin Li, Zhigang Lu, Meng Wei, Jing Yan, Jiayin Zhang
Objective: To investigate the morphological changes of coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) as determined by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) follow-up using semi-automated quantitative analysis. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients with 31 CTO lesions confirmed by invasive coronary angiography and baseline/follow-up CCTA were retrospectively included. CTOs were quantitatively analyzed by a semi-automated coronary plaque analysis software (Coronary Plaque Analysis, version 2...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
Li Wang, Min-Jie Lu, Lei Feng, Juan Wang, Wei Fang, Zuo-Xiang He, Ke-Fei Dou, Shi-Hua Zhao, Min-Fu Yang
BACKGROUND: The relationship between myocardial viability and angiographic collateral flow is not fully elucidated in ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) with coronary artery chronic total occlusion (CTO). We aimed to clarify the relationship between myocardial hibernation, myocardial scar, and angiographic collateral flow in these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-one consecutive ICM patients with 122 CTOs and 652 dysfunctional segments within CTO territories were retrospectively analyzed...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Jiangtao Tong, Qian Yu, Chenggang Li, Xiaojuan Shao, Yong Xia
BACKGROUND: Randomized trials and meta-analyses demonstrated that chronic total occlusion (CTO) in noninfarct related artery (n-IRA) was associated with increased all-cause mortality. Recently, several observational studies suggested that the successful revascularization of n-IRA with CTO decreased all-cause mortality. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in Cochrane Controlled Trials Registry, PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE databases for relevant studies. Article assessing the prognostic role of revascularization of n-IRA with CTO was enrolled in this meta-analysis...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Michael Furian, Sara E Hartmann, Tsogyal D Latshang, Deborah Flueck, Christian Murer, Philipp M Scheiwiller, Batyr Osmonov, Silvia Ulrich, Malcolm Kohler, Marc J Poulin, Konrad E Bloch
BACKGROUND: Effects of hypobaric hypoxia at altitude on exercise performance of lowlanders with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have not been studied in detail. OBJECTIVES: To quantify changes in exercise performance and associated physiologic responses in lowlanders with COPD travelling to moderate altitude. METHODS: A total of 31 COPD patients with a median age (quartiles) of 66 years (59; 69) and FEV1 of 56% predicted (49; 69) living below 800 m performed a constant-load bicycle exercise to exhaustion at 60% of the maximal work rate at 490 m (Zurich) and at an identical work rate at 2,590 m (Davos) in randomized order...
March 2, 2018: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
Grigoris V Karamasis, Andreas S Kalogeropoulos, Shah H Mohdnazri, Firas Al-Janabi, Rohan Jagathesan, Gerald J Clesham, Kare H Tang, Paul A Kelly, John R Davies, Thomas R Keeble
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of right atrial pressure (Pra) on non-CTO vessels FFR measurements in patients with a chronic total occlusion. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent PCI for a CTO of the right coronary artery (RCA) were included. Prior to RCA recanalization, FFR and FFRmyo were measured in non-CTO vessels. FFR was calculated using the Pd/Pa equation during maximum hyperaemia and also accounting for right atrial pressure (Pd-Pra/Pa-Pra)...
February 7, 2018: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
Hsin-I Teng, Shih-Hsien Sung, Shao-Sung Huang, Ju-Pin Pan, Shing-Jong Lin, Wan-Leong Chan, Wen-Lieng Lee, Tse-Min Lu, Cheng-Hsueh Wu
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term clinical impact of revascularization of coronary concomitant coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) in patients with Non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). BACKGROUND: CTO is associated with poorer prognosis in patients with NSTEMI. The evidence of revascularization of CTO in patients with NSTEMI is still conflicting. METHODS: Consecutive patients with NSTEMI and CTO who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) within 72 h of admission from 2006 to 2015 were retrospectively recruited and analyzed...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
Barbara A Danek, Mir B Basir, William W O'Neill, Mohammad Alqarqaz, Aris Karatasakis, Dimitri Karmpaliotis, Farouc A Jaffer, Robert W Yeh, Michael Wyman, William L Lombardi, David Kandzari, Nicholas Lembo, Anthony Doing, Mitul Patel, Ehtisham Mahmud, James W Choi, Catalin Toma, Jeffrey W Moses, Ajay Kirtane, Manish Parikh, Ziad A Ali, Santiago Garcia, Judit Karacsonyi, Bavana V Rangan, Craig A Thompson, Subhash Banerjee, Emmanouil S Brilakis, Khaldoon Alaswad
OBJECTIVE: To study outcomes with use of percutaneous mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices in chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: We examined characteristics and outcomes of 1598 CTO-PCIs performed from 2012-2017 at 12 high-volume centers. RESULTS: Patient age was 66 ± 10 years; 86% were men. An MCS device was used electively in 69 procedures (4%) and urgently in 22 procedures (1%). The most commonly used elective MCS device was Impella 2...
March 2018: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
Fadi Saab, Michael R Jaff, Larry J Diaz-Sandoval, Gwennan D Engen, Theresa N McGoff, George Adams, Ashraf Al-Dadah, Philip P Goodney, Farhan Khawaja, Jihad A Mustapha
PURPOSE: To present the chronic total occlusion (CTO) crossing approach based on plaque cap morphology (CTOP) classification system and assess its ability to predict successful lesion crossing. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of imaging and procedure data from 114 consecutive symptomatic patients (mean age 69±11 years; 84 men) with claudication (Rutherford category 3) or critical limb ischemia (Rutherford category 4-6) who underwent endovascular interventions for 142 CTOs...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
Rustem Dautov, Luiz Fernando Ybarra, Can Manh Nguyen, Claire Gibrat, Dominique Joyal, Stéphane Rinfret
OBJECTIVES: We examined the incidence of periprocedural cardiac enzyme rise (PCER) [troponin T (TnT) or high-sensivity (hs)TnT >5× the upper limit of normal (ULN)] and periprocedural myocardial infarction (PMI), predictors of PCER and impact of PCER on the longer-term major adverse cardiac events (MACE) following hybrid chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: PCER and PMI after CTO PCI, risk factors for PCER and its impact on longer-term MACE are not fully understood...
February 26, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Brian J Potter, Alexis Matteau, Nicolas Noiseux, Samer Mansour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Silviu Sabou, Hossein Mehdian, Dritan Pasku, Luca Boriani, Nasir A Quraishi
PURPOSE: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) can result in severe cervico-thoracic kyphotic deformity (CTKD). Few studies have addressed the relationship between cervico-thoracic osteotomies in AS and health-related quality of life scores. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of cervico-thoracic osteotomy (CTO) on improving quality of life for patients with fixed CTKD. METHODS: A database of all patients who underwent a CTO for CTKD in patients with AS was created...
February 22, 2018: European Spine Journal
Joëlle Elias, Ivo M van Dongen, Truls Råmunddal, Peep Laanmets, Erlend Eriksen, Martijn Meuwissen, H Rolf Michels, Matthijs Bax, Dan Ioanes, Maarten Jan Suttorp, Bradley H Strauss, Emanuele Barbato, Koen M Marques, Bimmer E P M Claessen, Alexander Hirsch, René J van der Schaaf, Jan G P Tijssen, José P S Henriques, Loes P Hoebers
BACKGROUND: During primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), a concurrent chronic total occlusion (CTO) is found in 10% of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Long-term benefits of CTO-PCI have been suggested; however, randomised data are lacking. Our aim was to determine mid-term and long-term clinical outcome of CTO-PCI versus CTO-No PCI in patients with STEMI with a concurrent CTO. METHODS: The Evaluating Xience and left ventricular function in PCI on occlusiOns afteR STEMI (EXPLORE) was a multicentre randomised trial that included 302 patients with STEMI after successful primary PCI with a concurrent CTO...
February 20, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
Lisa Brophy, Vrinda Edan, Piers Gooding, Bernadette McSherry, Tatum Burkett, Sue Carey, Andrew Carroll, Sascha Callaghan, Anne Finch, Margaret Hansford, Sarah Hanson, Steven Kisely, Sharon Lawn, Edwina Light, Sean Maher, Gunvant Patel, Christopher James Ryan, Keir Saltmarsh, Anthony Stratford, Juan Jose Tellez, Maggie Toko, Penelope Weller
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to report on a half-day multi-stakeholder symposium on community treatment orders (CTOs) hosted by the Melbourne Social Equity Institute (MSEI), which identified research gaps and opportunities, and produced an agreed agenda for future CTO research. METHODS: The MSEI convened a symposium for 22 experts in CTO research to discuss research priorities in this field in Australasia. An independent moderator elicited views and recommendations and produced a report detailing possible research projects...
February 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
Gopakumar Ks, Mathew Iype, Sunitha Viswanathan, A George Koshy, Prabha Nini Gupta, K Sivaprasad, V V Radhakrishnan
Chronic Total Occlusion (CTO) intervention is a challenging area in interventional cardiology. Presently about 70% of CTO interventions are successful. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a single center prospective study of a cohort of all patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) as elective or adhoc procedure for CTO from August 2014 to June 2015. Only antegrade CTO interventions were included. In all patients the following data were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 210 (8...
January 2018: Indian Heart Journal
Francesco Gallo, Matteo Tebaldi, Carlo Tumscitz
Percutaneous treatment of chronic total occlusions (CTO) is one of the major challenges in contemporary interventional cardiology. These lesions are identified in 15% to 30% of all patients referred for coronary angiography. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of CTOs is technically challenging and requires familiarity with advanced interventional techniques as well as specialty equipment. The choice of strategy and materials is based on clinical features and coronary anatomy; the correct choice is essential to improve the success probability...
January 2018: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Liam Trevithick, Jane Carlile, Sunil Nodiyal, Patrick Keown
BACKGROUND: Community treatment orders (CTOs) were introduced in England in 2008. Aims To measure the rate of CTO use in England during the first 5 years following introduction. METHOD: The number of involuntary detentions and CTOs in National Health Service (NHS) hospital trusts was collected between 2009 and 2014. Rates of CTO use and the ratio of CTOs to detentions on admission were calculated, and how these varied between trusts. RESULTS: The number of new CTOs each year ranged between 3834 and 4647...
March 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Athanasios Diamantopoulos, Serafino Santonocito, Narayanan Thulasidasan, Panos Gkoutzios, Irfan Ahmed, Hany Zayed, Konstantinos Katsanos
PURPOSE: To report use of the Outback reentry device for targeted distal reentry during subintimal recanalization of chronic total occlusions (CTOs) in the infragenicular arteries. METHODS: During an 18-month period, the Outback device was applied in 10 patients (mean age 71.8±18.8 years; 8 men) to achieve reentry at the infragenicular segment following either unsuccessful spontaneous reentry after subintimal crossing of a CTO or when a targeted reentry was desired...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
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