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Jiří Killer, Chahrazed Mekadim, Radko Pechar, Věra Bunešová, Jakub Mrázek, Eva Vlková
An alternative molecular marker with respect to the 16S rRNA gene demonstrating better identification and phylogenetic parameters has not been designed for the whole Bifidobacteriaceae family, which includes the genus Bifidobacterium and scardovial genera. Therefore, the aim of the study was to find such a gene in available genomic sequences, suggest appropriate means and conditions for asmplification and sequencing of the desired region of the selected gene in various strains of the bacterial family and verify the importance in classification and phylogeny...
January 22, 2018: MicrobiologyOpen
Suzanne Chartier, Caroline Alby, Lucile Boutaud, Sophie Thomas, Nadia Elkhartoufi, Jelena Martinovic, Josseline Kaplan, Alexandra Benachi, Didier Lacombe, Pascale Sonigo, Séverine Drunat, Michel Vekemans, Joël Agenor, Férechté Encha Razavi, Tania Attie-Bitach
BACKGROUND: The RTTN gene encodes Rotatin, a large centrosomal protein involved in ciliary functions. RTTN mutations have been reported in seven families and are associated with two phenotypes: polymicrogyria associated with seizures and primary microcephaly associated with primordial dwarfism. CASE: A targeted exome sequencing of morbid genes causing cerebral malformations identified novel RTTN compound heterozygous mutations in a family where three pregnancies were terminated because a severe fetal microcephaly was diagnosed...
January 22, 2018: Birth Defects Research
Meena Srivastava, David Sullivan, B Ryan Phelps, Surbhi Modi, Laura N Broyles
INTRODUCTION: With the rapid scale-up of antiretroviral treatment (ART) in the "Treat All" era, there has been increasing emphasis on using differentiated models of HIV service delivery. The gaps within the clinical cascade for mothers and their infants suggest that current service delivery models are not meeting families' needs and prompt re-consideration of how services are provided. This article will explore considerations for differentiated care and encourage the ongoing increase of ART coverage through innovative strategies while also addressing the unique needs of mothers and infants...
January 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
Suzanne M Willey, Robyn P Cant, Allison Williams, Meredith McIntyre
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore service provision for Victorian regional refugee families from the perspective of Maternal and Child Health nurses. BACKGROUND: Increasingly, more families from a refugee background are resettling in regional Victoria. The refugee journey has significant effect on families. Refugee families with infants and young children can be provided with support by Maternal and Child Health services; however, many families experience barriers to ongoing engagement with this service...
January 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Muhammad Akram, Imtiaz Mahmood Tahir, Syed Muhammad Ali Shah, Zahed Mahmood, Awais Altaf, Khalil Ahmad, Naveed Munir, Muhammad Daniyal, Suhaila Nasir, Huma Mehboob
Viral infections are being managed therapeutically through available antiviral regimens with unsatisfactory clinical outcomes. The refractory viral infections resistant to available antiviral drugs are alarming threats and a serious health concern. For viral hepatitis, the interferon and vaccine therapies solely are not ultimate solutions due to recurrence of hepatitis C virus. Owing to the growing incidences of viral infections and especially of resistant viral strains, the available therapeutic modalities need to be improved, complemented with the discovery of novel antiviral agents to combat refractory viral infections...
January 22, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Guang-Tong Chen, Yun Lu, Min Yang, Jian-Lin Li, Bo-Yi Fan
Central nervous system (CNS) disorders play a major impact on individual lives and place a severe strain on health care resources. Convolvulaceae is a family comprising approximately 1,600-1,700 species grouped in 55-60 genera, and many species are reported to have an effect on CNS functions. A systematic review of the literature studies was carried out to summarize available evidences on Convolvulaceae plants with CNS efficacies. This review is based on various data sources such as Google Scholar, Web of Science, Scopus, PubMed, and Wanfang Data...
January 22, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Wo-Tu Tian, Xiao-Jun Huang, Xiao Mao, Qing Liu, Xiao-Li Liu, Sheng Zeng, Xia-Nan Guo, Jun-Yi Shen, Yang-Qi Xu, Hui-Dong Tang, Xiao-Meng Yin, Mei Zhang, Wei-Guo Tang, Xiao-Rong Liu, Bei-Sha Tang, Sheng-Di Chen, Li Cao
BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia is the most common type of paroxysmal dyskinesia. Approximately half of the cases of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia worldwide are attributable to proline-rich transmembrane protein 2 mutations. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate potential causative genes and clinical characteristics in proline-rich transmembrane protein 2-negative patients with paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia. METHODS: We analyzed clinical manifestations and performed exome sequencing in a cohort of 163 proline-rich transmembrane protein 2-negative probands, followed by filtering data with a paroxysmal movement disorders gene panel...
January 22, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
H Shino, Y Otsuka-Yamasaki, T Sato, K Ooi, O Inanami, R Sato, M Yamasaki
BACKGROUND: In veterinary medicine, congenital methemoglobinemia associated with nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH)-cytochrome b5 reductase (b5R) deficiency is rare. It has been reported in several breeds of dogs, but little information is available about its etiology. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase gene, CYB5R3, in a Pomeranian dog family with methemoglobinemia suspected to be caused by congenital b5R deficiency. ANIMALS: Three Pomeranian dogs from a family with methemoglobinemia were analyzed...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
D Kerr, C Axelrod, C Hoppe, D C Klonoff
The ability of an individual living with diabetes to have human-to-human contact with their healthcare provider is not keeping pace with the number of people developing diabetes. From a futurist perspective, however, this dichotomy of diabetes care represents an opportunity for digital healthcare. The focus of technological innovation is unlikely to be the replacement of the multidisciplinary diabetes team but rather the provision of meaningful individual and family support between clinic visits and, on a larger scale, the facilitation of population health management for diabetes...
January 22, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
John K Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
Jennifer L Beebe-Dimmer, Kimberly A Zuhlke, Anna M Johnson, Daniel Liesman, Kathleen A Cooney
BACKGROUND: African Americans have both a higher incidence of prostate cancer and greater disease-specific mortality compared with non-Hispanic whites. Historically, the investigation of the contribution of rare genetic variants to prostate cancer in African American men has been hampered by low participation in large genetic studies, particularly those focused on early-onset and familial disease. METHODS: We sequenced 160 genes purported to be involved in carcinogenic pathways in germline DNA samples collected from 96 African American men diagnosed with early-onset prostate cancer (≤55 years at diagnosis)...
January 21, 2018: Prostate
Yaxuan Ren, Min-Pei Lin, Yin-Han Liu, Xu Zhang, Jo Yung-Wei Wu, Wei-Hsuan Hu, Sian Xu, Jianing You
OBJECTIVE: Nock's (2009) integrated theoretical model suggests that both intrapersonal and interpersonal factors contribute to the development of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). Based on this model, the present study examined the roles of family functioning and coping strategy in predicting NSSI, as well as the mediating effect of coping strategy in the relationship between family functioning and NSSI. Gender differences on the associations of these variables were also examined. METHOD: A sample of 1,989 secondary school students (52...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Eric C H Chen, Emmanuelle Morin, Denis Beaudet, Jessica Noel, Gokalp Yildirir, Steve Ndikumana, Philippe Charron, Camille St-Onge, John Giorgi, Manuela Krüger, Timea Marton, Jeanne Ropars, Igor V Grigoriev, Matthieu Hainaut, Bernard Henrissat, Christophe Roux, Francis Martin, Nicolas Corradi
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are known to improve plant fitness through the establishment of mycorrhizal symbioses. Genetic and phenotypic variations among closely related AMF isolates can significantly affect plant growth, but the genomic changes underlying this variability are unclear. To address this issue, we improved the genome assembly and gene annotation of the model strain Rhizophagus irregularis DAOM197198, and compared its gene content with five isolates of R. irregularis sampled in the same field...
January 22, 2018: New Phytologist
Mark C Brundrett, Leho Tedersoo
Contents I. II. III. IV. References SUMMARY: The majority of vascular plants are mycorrhizal: 72% are arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM), 2.0% are ectomycorrhizal (EcM), 1.5% are ericoid mycorrhizal and 10% are orchid mycorrhizal. Just 8% are completely nonmycorrhizal (NM), whereas 7% have inconsistent NM-AM associations. Most NM and NM-AM plants are nutritional specialists (e.g. carnivores and parasites) or habitat specialists (e.g. hydrophytes and epiphytes). Mycorrhizal associations are consistent in most families, but there are exceptions with complex roots (e...
January 22, 2018: New Phytologist
Elizabeth A Thomas, Santosh R D'Mello
By their ability to shatter quality of life for both patients and caregivers, neurodegenerative diseases are the most devastating of human disorders. Unfortunately, there are no effective or long-terms treatments capable of slowing down the relentless loss of neurons in any of these diseases. One impediment is the lack of detailed knowledge of the molecular mechanisms underlying the processes of neurodegeneration. While some neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, are mostly sporadic in nature, driven by both environment and genetic susceptibility, many others, including Huntington's disease, Spinocerebellar ataxias and Spinal-bulbar muscular atrophy, are genetically inherited disorders...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Neurochemistry
Dawn C Buse, Scott W Powers, Amy A Gelfand, Juliana H VanderPluym, Kristina M Fanning, Michael L Reed, Aubrey Manack Adams, Richard B Lipton
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of parental migraine on adolescents (aged 13-21 years) living within the parental home from the adolescent's perspective. BACKGROUND: Family members are affected by their parent's migraine. We surveyed adolescents on the social, academic, and emotional effects of their parent's migraine. METHODS: The Chronic Migraine Epidemiology and Outcomes (CaMEO) study was a longitudinal Web-based study with cross-sectional modules designed to assess migraine symptoms, severity, frequency, and disability; migraine-related consulting practices, healthcare utilization, medication use, comorbid health conditions, and family related burden associated with migraine...
January 22, 2018: Headache
Milosz Wilczynski, Justyna Danielska, Daria Domanska-Senderowska, Monika Dzieniecka, Bozena Szymanska, Andrzej Malinowski
INTRODUCTION: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are regulators of gene expression, which play an important role in many critical cellular processes including apoptosis, proliferation and cell differentiation. Aberrant miRNA expression has been reported in variety of human malignancies. Therefore, miRNAs may be potentially used as cancer biomarkers. MiRNA-200c, which is a member of miRNA-200 family, might play an essential role in tumour progression. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic and clinical significance of miRNA-200c in endometrioid endometrial cancer patients...
January 21, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Lauren J Hunt, Lorinda A Coombs, Caroline E Stephens
As part of the National Plan to Address Alzheimer's Disease, reducing potentially avoidable emergency department (ED) use by individuals with dementia has been identified as a component of enhancing the quality and efficiency of care for this population. To help inform the development of interventions to achieve this goal, an integrative review was conducted to: (a) compare rates and reasons for ED visits by community-dwelling individuals with and without dementia, considering also the effect of dementia subtype and severity; and (b) identify other risk factors for increased ED use among community-dwelling individuals with dementia...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
James Wagstaff, Jan Löwe
Most, if not all, bacterial and archaeal cells contain at least one protein filament system. Although these filament systems in some cases form structures that are very similar to eukaryotic cytoskeletons, the term 'prokaryotic cytoskeletons' is used to refer to many different kinds of protein filaments. Cytoskeletons achieve their functions through polymerization of protein monomers and the resulting ability to access length scales larger than the size of the monomer. Prokaryotic cytoskeletons are involved in many fundamental aspects of prokaryotic cell biology and have important roles in cell shape determination, cell division and nonchromosomal DNA segregation...
January 22, 2018: Nature Reviews. Microbiology
Amanda Sim, Mina Fazel, Lucy Bowes, Frances Gardner
Forcibly displaced children are at risk of a range of negative outcomes, yet little is known about how to support war-affected caregivers in promoting children's psychosocial resilience. The current study uses qualitative methods to examine the mechanisms underlying the effects of war and displacement on parenting and child adjustment in order to inform intervention development. In April and November 2016, group and individual interviews were conducted with 39 Syrian parents and 15 children in partnership with a humanitarian organization in Lebanon...
January 10, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
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