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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932378/benefits-of-ellagic-acid-from-grapes-and-pomegranates-against-colorectal-cancer
#1
Sayedalireza Mirsane, Sayedmojtaba Mirsane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928538/evaluation-of-unexplored-pomegranate-cultivars-for-physicochemical-characteristics-and-antioxidant-activity
#2
Abdul Hasib Viyar, Rashad Qadri, Amjad Iqbal, Numra Nisar, Imran Khan, Mohsin Bashir, Farooq Shah
The aim of present study was to evaluate the different pomegranate cultivars for physicochemical properties and to identify the best cultivars suitable for food processing and future breeding. Various attributes of fruit (including length, weight and diameter), rind (thickness and weight), calyx (length), aril (weight, percentage, length and width), seed (length and width) and juice (titratable acidity and soluble solids or TSS) were evaluated. Total and reducing sugar, pH, ascorbic acid, total phenolic contents, antioxidant activity and maturity index were also evaluated...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928529/antioxidant-properties-and-phenolic-profile-characterization-by-lc-ms-ms-of-selected-tunisian-pomegranate-peels
#3
Mouna Abid, Héla Yaich, Salma Cheikhrouhou, Ibtihel Khemakhem, Mohamed Bouaziz, Hamadi Attia, M A Ayadi
Antioxidant contents and activities of different extracts from four Tunisian pomegranate peels, locally called "Acide", "Gabsi", "Nebli" and "Tounsi", were studied. Peels samples were extracted with three solvents (water, ethanol and acetone). For each extract, the total phenol contents and antioxidant activity were evaluated. The highest values of polyphenol, tannins, flavonoids and anthocyanins were recorded in the acetone extract of Acide ecotype with 304.6 mg gallic acid equivalent/g; 292.23 mg gallic acid equivalent/g; 15...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923716/investigation-of-the-effect-of-pomegranate-extract-and-monodisperse-silver-nanoparticle-combination-on-mcf-7-cell-line
#4
Birgütay Şahin, Enes Demir, Ayşenur Aygün, Hülya Gündüz, Fatih Şen
In this study, we aimed to investigate whether the combination therapy of pomegranate extract and silver nanoparticle is effective on MCF-7 cell culture. The pomegranate extract was mixed and incubated with silver nitrate for the microwave assisted green synthesized of silver nanoparticle. Obtained nanoparticles were investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), UV-visible, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM), and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) methods The spectroscopic and morphological studies of the monodisperse Ag NPs which have particle size of 15...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919696/potential-of-pomegranate-fruit-extract-punica-granatum-linn-to-increase-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-and-platelet-derived-growth-factor-expressions-on-the-post-tooth-extraction-wound-of-cavia-cobaya
#5
Intan Nirwana, Priyawan Rachmadi, Devi Rianti
BACKGROUND: Pomegranates fruit extracts have several activities, among others, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antioxidants that have the main content punicalagin and ellagic acid. Pomegranate has the ability of various therapies through different mechanisms. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) function was to form new blood vessels produced by various cells one of them was macrophages. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) was a growth factor proven chemotactic, increased fibroblast proliferation and collagen matrix production...
August 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913846/cardioprotective-effects-of-pomegranate-punica-granatum-juice-in-patients-with-ischemic-heart-disease
#6
Zahra Razani, Mostafa Dastani, Hamid Reza Kazerani
Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cardioprotective effects of pomegranate juice in patients with ischemic heart disease. One hundred patients, diagnosed with unstable angina or myocardial infarction, were randomly assigned to the test and the control groups (n = 50, each). During 5 days of hospitalization, in addition to the conventional medical therapies, the test groups received 220 mL pomegranate juice, daily. During the hospitalization period, the blood pressure, heart rate, as well as the intensity, occurrence, and duration of the angina were evaluated on a regular basis...
September 15, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903731/phytochemical-rich-foods-inhibit-the-growth-of-pathogenic-trichomonads
#7
Sabrina M Noritake, Jenny Liu, Sierra Kanetake, Carol E Levin, Christina Tam, Luisa W Cheng, Kirkwood M Land, Mendel Friedman
BACKGROUND: Plants produce secondary metabolites that often possess widespread bioactivity, and are then known as phytochemicals. We previously determined that several phytochemical-rich food-derived preparations were active against pathogenic foodborne bacteria. Trichomonads produce disease (trichomoniasis) in humans and in certain animals. Trichomonads are increasingly becoming resistant to conventional modes of treatment. It is of interest to test bioactive, natural compounds for efficacy against these pathogens...
September 13, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900232/three-novel-structural-phenomena-in-the-cellular-ontogeny-of-oenococcus-oeni-from-northern-china
#8
Yun Wang, Shuwen Liu, Jing Su, Yu Zhang, Jing Li, Yin-Qiang Sui, Ying-Ying Li, Hua Wang, Hua Li
Stress resistance and growth are important aspects to consider when engineering Oenococcus oeni strains for winemaking. We identified 3 previously unreported structural phenomena in the cell ontogeny of O. oeni sampled in northern China. We show that budding and binary fission (BBF) occur simultaneously in the growth process; that a novel 'pomegranate-shaped structure' (PSS) occurs mainly in the stationary and death phases; and that symbiosis and cyclical phenomena (SCP) occur throughout the various cell growth phases...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884082/effects-of-pomegranate-seed-oil-on-oxidant-antioxidant-balance-in-heart-and-kidney-homogenates-and-mitochondria-of-diabetic-rats-and-high-glucose-treated-h9c2-cell-line
#9
Hamid Mollazadeh, Mohammad Taher Boroushaki, Mohammad Soukhtanloo, Amir Reza Afshari, Mohammad Mahdi Vahedi
OBJECTIVE: Oxidative stress is a major cause of diabetes complications. The present study aimed to investigate the beneficial effects of Pomegranate Seed Oil (PSO) on diabetes-induced changes in oxidant/antioxidant balance of the kidney, heart and mitochondria from rats and H9c2 cell line. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In these in vivo and in vitro studies, male rats were divided into four groups (twelve each): group 1 served as control, group 2-4 received a single dose of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg, i...
July 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878788/transcriptomic-analysis-reveals-candidate-genes-for-female-sterility-in-pomegranate-flowers
#10
Lina Chen, Jie Zhang, Haoxian Li, Juan Niu, Hui Xue, Beibei Liu, Qi Wang, Xiang Luo, Fuhong Zhang, Diguang Zhao, Shangyin Cao
Pomegranate has two types of flowers on the same plant: functional male flowers (FMF) and bisexual flowers (BF). BF are female-fertile flowers that can set fruits. FMF are female-sterile flowers that fail to set fruit and that eventually drop. The putative cause of pomegranate FMF female sterility is abnormal ovule development. However, the key stage at which the FMF pomegranate ovules become abnormal and the mechanism of regulation of pomegranate female sterility remain unknown. Here, we studied ovule development in FMF and BF, using scanning electron microscopy to explore the key stage at which ovule development was terminated and then analyzed genes differentially expressed (differentially expressed genes - DEGs) between FMF and BF to investigate the mechanism responsible for pomegranate female sterility...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873521/effect-of-substituted-gelling-agents-from-pomegranate-peel-on-colour-textural-and-sensory-properties-of-pomegranate-jam
#11
Mouna Abid, Héla Yaich, Hayfa Hidouri, Hamadi Attia, M A Ayadi
A series of pomegranate jams were prepared from a Tunisian ecotype (Tounsi) with different amounts of sugar (10, 20 and 30%) and low-methoxylated pectin (0.2, 0.7 and 1.2%). The most appreciated formulation was that contaning 30% sugars and 0.2% pectin. Then, commercial pectin was substituted by other gelling agents (pomegranate peel powders dried at 50°C vs lyophilized, pectin and fibre extracted from pomegranate peel) for the preparation of pomegranate peel-based jams. The elaborated jams were evaluated for physichochemical, colour, texture and sensory characteristics...
January 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870713/dietary-pomegranate-extract-and-inulin-affect-gut-microbiome-differentially-in-mice-fed-an-obesogenic-diet
#12
Song Zhang, Jieping Yang, Susanne M Henning, Rupo Lee, Mark Hsu, Emma Grojean, Rita Pisegna, Austin Ly, David Heber, Zhaoping Li
Growing evidence suggests that dysbiosis of gut microbiota is associated with pathogenesis of a variety of human diseases. Using dietary intervention to shape the composition and metabolism of the gut microbiota is increasingly recognized. In the present study, we investigated the effects of polysaccharide inulin and polyphenol-rich pomegranate extract (PomX) alone or in combination on the cecal microbiota composition and function in a diet induced obesity mouse model. Male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into four experimental groups and consumed either high-fat/high-sucrose [HF/HS (32% energy from fat, 25% energy from sucrose, 17% energy from protein)] diet, HF/HS diet supplemented with PomX (0...
September 13, 2017: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867945/genetic-biochemical-nutritional-and-antimicrobial-characteristics-of-pomegranate-punica-granatum-l-%C3%A2-grown-in-istria
#13
Ana Miklavčič Višnjevec, Ajda Ota, Mihaela Skrt, Bojan Butinar, Sonja Smole Možina, Nina Gunde Cimerman, Marijan Nečemer, Alenka Baruca Arbeiter, Matjaž Hladnik, Marin Krapac, Dean Ban, Milena Bučar-Miklavčič, Nataša Poklar Ulrih, Dunja Bandelj
This study characterises the genetic variability of local pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) germplasm from the Slovenian and Croatian areas of Istria. The bioactive components and antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of ethanol and water extracts of different parts of pomegranate fruit were also determined, along with their preliminary nutritional characterisation. Twenty-six different genotypes identified with microsatellite analysis indicate the great diversity of pomegranate in Istria. The pomegranate fruit ethanol extracts represent rich sources of phenolic compounds (mean value of the mass fraction in exocarp and mesocarp expressed as gallic acid is 23 and 16 mg/g, respectively)...
June 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867799/could-pomegranate-juice-help-in-the-control-of-inflammatory-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Francesca Danesi, Lynnette R Ferguson
Fruits rich in polyphenols, such as pomegranates, have been shown to have health benefits relating to their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Using data obtained from PubMed and Scopus, this article provides a brief overview of the therapeutic effects of pomegranate on chronic inflammatory diseases (CID) such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), metabolic and cardiovascular disorders, and other inflammatory-associated conditions, with an emphasis on fruit-derived juices...
August 30, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844841/effect-of-resveratrol-on-cognitive-and-memory-performance-and-mood-a-meta-analysis-of-225-patients
#15
REVIEW
Mohammad Hosein Farzaei, Roja Rahimi, Shekoufeh Nikfar, Mohammad Abdollahi
Resveratrol is a natural dietary phenolic compound which is extensively present in many edible fruits, including grape, berries, pomegranates, and peanuts. Reseveratrol has a broad spectrum of biological activities including anti-aging, chemopreventive, anti-carcinogenic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects and thus it is effective in related diseases. Particularly, the positive effects of resveratrol in neuropsychological diseases have been proven in in-vitro and in-vivo studies. Some clinical trials have reported that resveratrol possesses preventive and therapeutic effects in cognitive disorders...
August 24, 2017: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844801/microbial-chemical-textural-and-sensory-properties-of-coated-rainbow-trout-by-chitosan-combined-with-pomegranate-peel-extract-during-frozen-storage
#16
Enayat Berizi, Saeid Hosseinzadeh, Seyed Shahram Shekarforoush, Giampiero Barbieri
The current study was aimed to investigate the combined effects of chitosan (Ch) and pomegranate peel extract (PPE) on the overall quality of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) during the frozen storage. Fresh gutted fishes were dipped for 60s either in sterile distilled water (Control) or in chitosan combined with 0 (Ch), 1% (Ch+PPE1), 2% (Ch+PPE2), or 4% (Ch+PPE4) (w/v) PPE. Microbial, chemical, textural and sensory properties of the samples were intermittently checked during six months. At the end of storage, the highest and lowest values of psychrophilic, lactic acid bacteria and mold counts in the control and Ch+PPE4 groups were respectively, 5...
August 24, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842925/polyphenol-rich-pomegranate-juice-reduces-ige-binding-to-cashew-nut-allergens
#17
Yichen Li, Christopher P Mattison
BACKGROUND: Food allergy negatively impacts quality of life and can be life-threatening. Cashew nuts can cause severe reactions in very small amounts, and they are included in a group of foods most commonly responsible for causing food allergy. Polyphenols and polyphenol rich juices have been demonstrated to complex with peanut allergens. Here, the interaction between cashew nut allergens and polyphenol rich juices is evaluated biochemically and immunologically. RESULTS: Various juices, including pomegranate (POM), blueberry (BB), and concord grape (CG) juices, were evaluated for polyphenol content and formation of polyphenol-cashew allergen complexes...
August 26, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837860/pomegranate-peel-extract-attenuates-d-galactose-induced-oxidative-stress-and-hearing-loss-by-regulating-pnuts-pp1-activity-in-the-mouse-cochlea
#18
Shuangyue Liu, Tao Xu, Xidi Wu, Yuhan Lin, Dongyan Bao, Yang Di, Tingting Ma, Yan Dang, Peili Jia, Jianqiao Xian, Aimei Wang, Yongxin Liu
Oxidative stress is considered to be a major contributor to age-related hearing loss (ARHL). Here, we investigated whether pomegranate peel extract (PPE) protected against hearing loss by decreased oxidative stress in the cochlea of D-galactose-induced accelerated aging mice. The aging mice exhibited an increase in hearing threshold shifts and hair cells loss, which were improved in the PPE-treated aging mice. The aging mice also exhibited an increase in 4-hydroxynonenal, the expression of protein phosphatase 1 nuclear targeting subunit (PNUTS), p53 and caspase-3, and a decrease in protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) and MDM2 in the cochlea...
July 25, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832232/anti-inflammatory-effect-of-pomegranate-flower-in-lipopolysaccharide-lps-stimulated-raw264-7-macrophages
#19
Jianjun Xu, Yongxin Zhao, Haji Akber Aisa
CONTEXT: Punica granatum L (Punicaceae) flower is an important diabetes treatment in oriental herbal medicine. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the inflammation effects of pomegranate flower (PFE) ethanol extract in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PFE (10, 25, 50, 100 μg/mL) was applied to 1 μg/mL LPS-induced RAW 264.7 macrophages in vitro. Levels of nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β (IL-1β), interleukin (IL)-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) in the supernatant fraction were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812011/oil-characterization-and-lipids-class-composition-of-pomegranate-seeds
#20
Zahra Amri, Houda Lazreg-Aref, Manel Mekni, Sinda El-Gharbi, Olfa Dabbaghi, Beligh Mechri, Mohamed Hammami
This study aims to investigate the physicochemical characteristics, phenolics content, and oil composition of pomegranate oil seeds (PSO). Quality indices, pigments, phenolics content, and antioxidant activity were determined. PSO was fractioned into polar lipids: glycolipids (GL) and phospholipids (PL). Sterols profile and fatty acids composition of total lipids (TL), GL, and PL were determined by GC/FID. The free acidity, the peroxide value, and the specific extinction coefficients were, respectively, 1.69%, 3...
2017: BioMed Research International
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