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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326109/effects-of-education-on-differential-item-functioning-on-the-15-item-modified-korean-version-of-the-boston-naming-test
#1
Byung-Soo Kim, Dong-Woo Lee, Jae-Nam Bae, Ji-Hyun Kim, Shinkyum Kim, Ki Woong Kim, Jee-Eun Park, Maeng Je Cho, Sung Man Chang
OBJECTIVE: Education is expected to have an effect on differential item functioning (DIF) on the 15-item Modified Boston Naming Test in the Korean version of the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Packet (BNT-KC). However, no study has examined DIF in the BNT-KC. METHODS: We used the item response theory to investigate the impact of education on the DIF in the BNT-KC among elderly individuals with or without dementia (n=720). A two-parameter item response model was used to determine the difficulty and discrimination parameters of each item...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323626/pomegranate-punica-granatum-seed-oil-for-treating-menopausal-symptoms-an-individually-controlled-cohort-study
#2
Roman Huber, Richard Gminski, Tao Tang, Tomas Weinert, Sabine Schulz, Margareta Linke-Cordes, Ines Martin, Heide Fischer
Context • In the folk medicine of Mediterranean countries and in ancient Ayurveda, Punica granatum seeds (ie, pomegranate seeds) have been used for treatment of various disorders, including those that nowadays are classified as menopausal symptoms (MSs). Pomegranate seed oil (PSO) from those seeds mainly contains unsaturated fatty acids such as γ-linoleic acid and linolenic acid, but it also includes phytoestrogens. It is, therefore, regarded as a promising option for treating MSs today. Objectives • The study intended to investigate the safety and effectiveness of PSO as a defined P granatum seed oil for patients with MSs...
March 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317482/nutraceuticals-as-an-important-part-of-combination-therapy-in-dyslipidaemia
#3
Angelo Maria Patti, Peter P Toth, Rosaria Vincenza Giglio, Maciej Banach, Marcello Noto, Dragana Nikolic, Giuseppe Montalto, Manfredi Rizzo
Several risk factors such as abnormality of lipid metabolism (e.g. high levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), elevated triglycerides and low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C)) play a central role in the aetiology of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Nutraceutical combination together with a cholesterol-lowering action, when associated with suitable lifestyle, should furnish an alternative to pharmacotherapy in patients reporting statin-intolerance and in subjects at low cardiovascular risk...
March 17, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303364/effects-of-pomegranate-juice-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-double-blinded-randomized-crossover-controlled-trial
#4
Hossein Moazzen, Mohammad Alizadeh
The aim of this study is to investigate the simultaneous effect of pomegranate juice on components of the metabolic syndrome, including high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) as an inflammatory index and glycemic and lipid profile indices in patients with metabolic syndrome. In a double- blind 2*2 crossover study, 30 individuals suffering from metabolic syndrome received a daily dose of 500 mL pomegranate juice for a period of one week. After one week of wash out period, they received a placebo for one week...
March 16, 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290690/pomegranate-cultivars-identification-of-the-new-ige-binding-protein-pommaclein-and-analysis-of-antioxidant-variability
#5
Lisa Tuppo, Claudia Alessandri, Maria Silvia Pasquariello, Milena Petriccione, Ivana Giangrieco, Maurizio Tamburrini, Adriano Mari, Maria Antonietta Ciardiello
The consumption of pomegranate is increasing as it is considered a health-promoting food. Nevertheless, it can trigger allergic reactions, sometimes severe. The LTP Pun g 1 is the only pomegranate allergen so far reported. Based on preliminary clinical observations, the main aim of this study was the investigation of still unknown allergens contained in this fruit. Pommaclein, a homologue of peamaclein, the peach allergen Pru p 7, was isolated, identified by protein sequencing, and characterized as an IgE-binding protein by different test systems...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288617/the-effect-of-pomegranate-fresh-juice-versus-pomegranate-seed-powder-on-metabolic-indices-lipid-profile-inflammatory-biomarkers-and-the-histopathology-of-pancreatic-islets-of-langerhans-in-streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced-type-2-diabetic-sprague-dawley-rats
#6
Seyedeh Zeinab Taheri Rouhi, Md Moklesur Rahman Sarker, Asmah Rahmat, Saad Ahmed Alkahtani, Fauziah Othman
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with hyperglycemia, inflammatory disorders and abnormal lipid profiles. Several functional foods have therapeutic potential to treat chronic diseases including diabetes. The therapeutic potential of pomegranate has been stated by multitudinous scientists. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of pomegranate juice and seed powder on the levels of plasma glucose and insulin, inflammatory biomarkers, lipid profiles, and health of the pancreatic islets of Langerhans in streptozotocin (STZ)-nicotinamide (NAD) induced T2DM Sprague Dawley (SD) rats...
March 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282584/pomegranate-polyphenolics-reduce-inflammation-and-ulceration-in-intestinal-colitis-involvement-of-the-mir-145-p70s6k1-hif1%C3%AE-axis-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#7
Hyemee Kim, Nivedita Banerjee, Maritza A Sirven, Yasushi Minamoto, Melissa E Markel, Jan S Suchodolski, Stephen T Talcott, Susanne U Mertens-Talcott
This study investigated the potential role of the p70S6K1/HIF1α axis in the anti-inflammatory activities of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) polyphenolics in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis in Sprague-Dawley rats and in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated CCD-18Co colon-myofibroblastic cells. Rats were administered either control (CT) or pomegranate beverage (PG), containing ellagic acid and ellagitannins, then exposed to three cycles of 3% DSS followed by a 2-week recovery period. PG protected against DSS-induced colon inflammation and ulceration (50% and 66...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276100/a-polyphenol-rich-pomegranate-fruit-extract-suppresses-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-il-6-expression-by-blocking-the-activation-of-ikk%C3%AE-and-nik-in-primary-human-chondrocytes
#8
Abdul Haseeb, Nazir M Khan, Omer S Ashruf, Tariq M Haqqi
Pomegranate fruit extract (PE) rich in polyphenols has been shown to exert chondroprotective effects, but the mechanism is not established. Here, we used an in vitro model of inflammation in osteoarthritis (OA) to investigate the potential of PE to suppress interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β)-stimulated expression of inflammatory cytokine IL-6, generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, and investigated the mechanism of NF-κB inhibition by analyzing the activation of the kinases upstream of IκBα in primary human chondrocytes...
March 9, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274866/application-of-fungal-chitosan-incorporated-with-pomegranate-peel-extract-as-edible-coating-for-microbiological-chemical-and-sensorial-quality-enhancement-of-nile-tilapia-fillets
#9
Mohammed S Alsaggaf, Shaaban H Moussa, Ahmed A Tayel
Fish are generous sources for providing man with his essential nutritional requirements, but the extreme susceptibility to quality deterioration hinders their optimal usage and storage. Natural derivatives are always the perfect alternatives for food preservation. The application of fungal chitosan (Ch), from Aspergillus niger, and pomegranate peel extract (PPE), in coating films for Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fillets preservation ‎and maintaining their microbiological, chemical and sensorial quality during cooled storage at 4°C for 30days, was investigated...
March 6, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274113/influence-of-fermentation-with-different-lactic-acid-bacteria-and-in-vitro-digestion-on-the-biotransformation-of-phenolic-compounds-in-fermented-pomegranate-juices
#10
Estefanía Valero-Cases, Nallely Nuncio-Jáuregui, Maria Jose Frutos
This study describes the effect of fermentation and the impact of simulated gastrointestinal digestion (SGD) of four fermented pomegranate juices with different lactic acid bacteria (LAB) on the biotransformation of phenolic compounds. The changes of the antioxidant capacity (AOC) and of LAB growth and survival in different fermented juices were also studied. Two new phenolic derivatives (catechin and α-punicalagin) were identified only in fermented juices. During SGD, the AOC increased together with the phenolic derivatives concentration mainly in the juices fermented with Lactobacillus...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274059/-rhetoric-to-reality-efficacy-of-punica-granatum-peel-extract-on-oral%C3%A2-candidiasis-an-in-vitro-study
#11
Preethi Madugula, Sudhakara Reddy, Jyothirmai Koneru, Atla Srinivasa Rao, Rayapureddi Sruthi, Divya Teja Dalli
INTRODUCTION: Global usage of synthetic drugs inadvertently has resulted in deleterious effects and antimicrobial resistance. Phytoextarcts with therapeutic properties appear to be appropriate substitutes for synthetic drugs. Punica granatum (Pomegranate) is a fruit rich in nutraceuticals and therapeutic properties that has lead to its widespread use as folk-medicine for treating innumerable diseases. AIM: To determine the in vitro antifungal efficacy of Punica granatum peel extract against the oral Candida compared with clotrimazole...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273584/antioxidant-activity-of-pomegranate-peel-extract-on-lipid-and-protein-oxidation-in-beef-meatballs-during-frozen-storage
#12
Sebahattin Serhat Turgut, Fatma Işıkçı, Ayla Soyer
Antioxidant effect of pomegranate peel extract (PE) to retard lipid and protein oxidation in beef meatballs was investigated during frozen storage at -18±1°C. Concentrated and freeze dried aqueous extract of pomegranate peel was incorporated into freshly prepared meatball mix at 0.5% and 1.0% concentrations, and compared with 0.01% butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and control (without any antioxidant). In PE treated samples, particularly in high PE concentration, peroxide, malondialdehyde and carbonyl formation, loss of total protein solubility and sulfhydryl groups were significantly lower than control after 6months of storage...
March 2, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265546/protective-effect-of-pomegranate-seed-oil-against-h2o2-induced-oxidative-stress-in-cardiomyocytes
#13
Mehdi Bihamta, Azar Hosseini, Ahmad Ghorbani, Mohammad Taher Boroushaki
OBJECTIVE: It has been well documented that oxidative stress is involved in the pathogenesis of cardiac diseases. Previous studies have shown that pomegranate seed oil (PSO) has antioxidant properties. This study was designed to investigate probable protective effects of PSO against hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced damage in H9c2 cardiomyocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cells were pretreated 24 hr with PSO 1 hr before exposure to 200 µM H2O2. Cell viability was evaluated using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay...
January 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259073/food-by-products-as-potential-antioxidant-and-antimicrobial-additives-in-chill-stored-raw-lamb-patties
#14
A I Andrés, M J Petrón, J D Adámez, M López, M L Timón
The aim of this work was to study the in vitro antioxidant potential of aqueous extracts obtained from tomato (TOM), red grape (GRA), olive (OLI) and pomegranate (POM) by-products as well as to evaluate the effect of their addition into lamb meat patties (1000mg/kg) in order to improve shelf life. A negative (CON) and a positive control (sodium ascorbate, ASC) were also included in the experiment. Results for radical scavenging activity, metal chelating activity and reducing power indicated that GRA and OLI extracts could inhibit oxidation more efficiently than POM and TOM extracts (P<0...
February 16, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253999/isolation-characterization-and-evaluation-of-the-probiotic-potential-of-a-novel-lactobacillus-strain-isolated-from-feta-type-cheese
#15
Stavros Plessas, Chrysanthi Nouska, Athanasios Karapetsas, Stavros Kazakos, Athanasios Alexopoulos, Ioanna Mantzourani, Pelagia Chondrou, Maria Fournomiti, Alex Galanis, Eugenia Bezirtzoglou
In the present study 45 lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains were isolated from Feta-type cheese and were screened for probiotic potential in a series of established in vitro tests, including resistance to low pH, resistance to pepsin and pancreatin and tolerance to bile salts. The strain K5, which displayed properties similar to or even better than the reference strain Lactobacillus plantarum ATCC 14917, was chosen for further analysis. Firstly, multiplex PCR analysis indicated that the novel strain belongs to the paracasei species...
July 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244373/lactic-acid-fermentation-drives-the-optimal-volatile-flavor-aroma-profile-of-pomegranate-juice
#16
Raffaella Di Cagno, Pasquale Filannino, Marco Gobbetti
Pomegranate juice (PJ) fermented with Lactobacillus plantarum C2, POM1, and LP09, unstarted-PJ, and raw-PJ were characterized for the profile of the volatile components (VOC) by PT-GC-MS. Lactic acid fermentation through selected strains enhanced the flavor profile of PJ. Concentrations of desired compounds (e.g., alcohols, ketones, and terpenes) were positively affected, whereas those of non-desired aldehydes decreased. Unstarted-PJ mainly differentiated from fermented PJs for the highest levels of aldehydes and sulfur compounds, and in lesser extent of furans, whereas alcohols, ketones, and alkenes followed by terpenes and benzene derivatives mainly differentiated fermented PJs...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243786/daily-supplementation-with-fresh-pomegranate-juice-increases-paraoxonase-1-expression-and-activity-in-mice-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#17
D Estrada-Luna, E Martínez-Hinojosa, J C Cancino-Diaz, H Belefant-Miller, G López-Rodríguez, G Betanzos-Cabrera
PURPOSE: Studies have found that pomegranate juice (PJ) consumption increases the binding of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) to paraoxonase 1 (PON1), thus increasing the catalytic activity of this enzyme. PON1 is an antioxidant arylesterase synthesized in the liver and transported in plasma in association with HDL. Decreased levels of PON1 are associated with higher levels of cholesterol. We determined the effects of PJ on body weight, cholesterol, and triacylglycerols through 5 months of supplementation...
February 27, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221934/effect-of-process-temperature-on-virus-inactivation-during-high-hydrostatic-pressure-processing-of-contaminated-fruit-puree-and-juice
#18
Hao Pan, Matthew Buenconsejo, Karl F Reineke, Y Carol Shieh
High pressure processing (HPP) can inactivate pathogens and retain fruit qualities. Elevated HPP pressure or time increases virus inactivation, but the effect of temperature is not consistently observed for norovirus and hepatitis A virus. In the present study, the effectiveness of HPP holding temperatures (<40°C) and pressures were evaluated for inactivating surrogates (murine norovirus [MNV] and MS2 coliphage) in pomegranate and strawberry juices and strawberry puree using a 24-liter HPP system. The holding temperature was established by setting the HPP initial temperature via pretrials...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221859/effects-of-methanolic-pomegranate-peel-extract-on-the-chemical-sensory-textural-and-microbiological-properties-of-gutted-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-during-frozen-storage
#19
Enayat Berizi, Seyed Shahram Shekarforoush, Saeid Hosseinzadeh
The effects of methanolic pomegranate peel extract (MPPE) on the quality of gutted rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ) were examined periodically during 6 months of storage at -18°C. Fresh samples were dipped (ratio of fish to liquid, 1:2 [wt/vol]) in sterile water or in sterile water containing 1, 2, or 4% (wt/vol) MPPE and packed in low-density polyethylene pouches. The control and treated samples were analyzed monthly for microbiological, chemical, sensory, and textural characteristics. Microbial growth in samples was significantly reduced by MPPE treatment (P < 0...
October 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221045/hierarchical-colloidal-polymeric-structure-from-surfactant-like-amphiphiles-in-selective-solvents
#20
Chenglin Wang, Shiying Ma, Yi Hu, Rong Wang
We investigated the self-assembly of surfactant-like amphiphile consisting of a hydrophilic head and a hydrophobic tail using dissipative particle dynamics method. By controlling the interaction parameter between the hydrophilic head and the solvent, the length of hydrophobic tail, the size of hydrophilic head, and the polymer concentration, we found seven self-assembled morphologies, including sphere-like micelle, pomegranate-like micelle, hierarchical colloidal polymeric structure, pomegranate-like columnar structure, branched hybrid structure, disk-like micelle, and vesicle...
February 21, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
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