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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054031/mental-health-of-heroin-users-with-differing-injection-drug-use-histories-a-non-treatment-sample-of-mexican-american-young-adult-men
#1
Kathryn M Nowotny, Tasha Perdue, Alice Cepeda, Avelardo Valdez
BACKGROUND: While the comorbidity of mental health and injecting heroin has been documented, current research is limited by describing the mental health of people who inject drugs without a comparison group and by the lack of research on nontreatment samples in the United States, particularly among Hispanics. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of injecting history (never, former, occasional, and daily) and multiple outcomes of global and mental health using a sample of U...
October 7, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053158/prevalence-of-myeloma-precursor-state-monoclonal-gammopathy-of-undetermined-significance-in-12372-individuals-10-49-years-old-a-population-based-study-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#2
O Landgren, B I Graubard, S Kumar, R A Kyle, J A Katzmann, K Murata, R Costello, A Dispenzieri, N Caporaso, S Mailankody, N Korde, M Hultcrantz, T M Therneau, D R Larson, J R Cerhan, S V Rajkumar
We studied the prevalence of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) in younger individuals, age 10-49 years, using samples from the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES) III. NHANES prevalence rates were standardized to the 2000 US total population. Among 12 372 individuals (4073 blacks, 4146 Mexican-Americans, 3595 whites, and 558 others), MGUS was identified in 63 persons (0.34%, 95% CI 0.23-0.50). The prevalence of MGUS was significantly higher in blacks (0.88%, 95% CI 0...
October 20, 2017: Blood Cancer Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050235/ethnic-heterogeneity-and-prostate-cancer-mortality-in-hispanic-latino-men-a-population-based-study
#3
Felix M Chinea, Vivek N Patel, Deukwoo Kwon, Narottam Lamichhane, Chris Lopez, Sanoj Punnen, Erin N Kobetz, Matthew C Abramowitz, Alan Pollack
BACKGROUND: Few studies focus on prostate cancer (PCa) outcomes in Hispanic/Latino men. Our study explores whether Hispanic/Latino subgroups demonstrate significantly different prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) relative to Non-Hispanic White (NHW) and Non-Hispanic Black (NHB) men. METHODS: We extracted a population-based cohort of men diagnosed with local-regional PCa from 2000-2013 (n= 486,865). PCSM was measured in racial/ethnic groups: NHW (n=352,886), NHB (n= 70,983), Hispanic/Latino (n= 40,462), and Asian American/Pacific Islander (n= 22,534)...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049140/metopism-a-study-of-the-persistent-metopic-suture
#4
Matthew J Zdilla, Michelle L Russell, Aaron W Koons, Kaitlyn N Bliss, Kelsey R Mangus
Metopism, the persistence of the metopic suture in adulthood, is a clinically significant radiographic finding. In addition to masquerading as a fracture of the frontal bone, a persistent metopic suture may be associated with other clinically significant anatomical variations including frontal sinus abnormalities. Several geographically and craniofacially distinct populations have yet to be assessed for the prevalence of metopism. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of metopic sutures in adult crania of diverse populations among which scant research exists...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048324/measurement-invariance-of-the-satisfaction-with-life-scale-swls-by-country-gender-and-age
#5
Igor Esnaola, Manuel Benito, Iratxe Antonio-Agirre, John Freeman, Marta Sarasa
BACKGROUND: Although the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) is the most widely used instrument to measure life satisfaction with its validation having been carried out across ages and countries, few studies have analyzed SWLS measurement cross-cultural invariance with adolescents. With respect to Spanish adolescents, measurement invariance across gender has not been found and the one-factor structure has not been confirmed in Mexican adolescents through Structural Equation Modeling. METHOD: The main purpose of this study was to explore the measurement invariance of the SWLS in a sample of 701 adolescents (Mage = 14...
November 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047007/author-correction-association-between-g1733a-rs6152-polymorphism-in-androgen-receptor-gene-and-recurrent-spontaneous-abortions-in-mexican-population
#6
Angela Porras-Dorantes, Aniel Jessica Leticia Brambila-Tapia, Alma Benita Lazcano-Castellanos, Thiago Donizete Da Silva-José, Jesús Alejandro Juárez-Osuna, José Elías García-Ortiz
The original version of this article unfortunately contained two mistakes in the Abstract and the Discussion sections that the authors would like to correct.
October 19, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044768/prevalence-of-osteoporosis-and-low-bone-mass-among-puerto-rican-older-adults
#7
Sabrina E Noel, Kelsey M Mangano, John L Griffith, Nicole C Wright, Bess Dawson-Hughes, Katherine L Tucker
Historically, osteoporosis has not been considered a public health priority for the Hispanic population. However, recent data indicate that Mexican Americans are at increased risk for this chronic condition. Although it is well established that there is heterogeneity in social, lifestyle, and health-related factors among Hispanic subgroups, there are currently few studies on bone health among Hispanic subgroups other than Mexican Americans. The current study aimed to determine the prevalence of osteoporosis and low bone mass (LBM) among 953 Puerto Rican adults, aged 47 to 79 yr and living on the U...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044207/demographic-history-and-biologically-relevant-genetic-variation-of-native-mexicans-inferred-from-whole-genome-sequencing
#8
Sandra Romero-Hidalgo, Adrián Ochoa-Leyva, Alejandro Garcíarrubio, Victor Acuña-Alonzo, Erika Antúnez-Argüelles, Martha Balcazar-Quintero, Rodrigo Barquera-Lozano, Alessandra Carnevale, Fernanda Cornejo-Granados, Juan Carlos Fernández-López, Rodrigo García-Herrera, Humberto García-Ortíz, Ángeles Granados-Silvestre, Julio Granados, Fernando Guerrero-Romero, Enrique Hernández-Lemus, Paola León-Mimila, Gastón Macín-Pérez, Angélica Martínez-Hernández, Marta Menjivar, Enrique Morett, Lorena Orozco, Guadalupe Ortíz-López, Fernando Pérez-Villatoro, Javier Rivera-Morales, Fernando Riveros-McKay, Marisela Villalobos-Comparán, Hugo Villamil-Ramírez, Teresa Villarreal-Molina, Samuel Canizales-Quinteros, Xavier Soberón
Understanding the genetic structure of Native American populations is important to clarify their diversity, demographic history, and to identify genetic factors relevant for biomedical traits. Here, we show a demographic history reconstruction from 12 Native American whole genomes belonging to six distinct ethnic groups representing the three main described genetic clusters of Mexico (Northern, Southern, and Maya). Effective population size estimates of all Native American groups remained below 2,000 individuals for up to 10,000 years ago...
October 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043390/p-nitrophenyl-acetate-esterase-activity-and-cortisol-as-biomarkers-of-metal-pollution-in-blood-of-olive-ridley-turtles-lepidochelys-olivacea
#9
Adriana A Cortés-Gómez, Asta Tvarijonaviciute, Mariana Teles, Rafaela Cuenca, Gisela Fuentes-Mascorro, Diego Romero
This study was designed to determine the concentrations of p-nitrophenyl acetate esterase activity (EA) and cortisol in serum of marine Olive Ridley turtles (Lepidochelys olivacea) from a Mexican Pacific population ("La Escobilla" beach) and to evaluate the possible relationship of inorganic elements with these biomarkers. EA, cortisol, and selected chemical elements (Cd, Pb, Ti, Sr, Se, Al, As, and Zn) were measured in the blood of 44 sea turtles from the Eastern Pacific (Southeast Mexico). Serum EA ranged from 0...
October 17, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043024/validating-distribution-models-for-twelve-endemic-bird-species-of-tropical-dry-forest-in-western-mexico
#10
Miguel A Ortega-Huerta, Jorge H Vega-Rivera
Considering the high biodiversity and conservation concerns of the tropical dry forest, this study aim is to predict and evaluate the potential and current distributions of twelve species of endemic birds which distribute along the western slope of Mexico. The main goal is to evaluate altogether different methods for predicting actual species distribution models (ADMs) of the twelve species including the identification of key environmental potential limiting factors. ADMs for twelve endemic Mexican birds were generated and validated by means of applying: (1) three widely used species niche modeling approaches (ENFA, Garp, and Maxent); (2) two thresholding methods, based on ROC curves and Kappa Index, for transforming continuous models to presence/absence (binary) models; (3) documented habitat-species associations for reducing species potential distribution models (PDMs); and (4) field occurrence data for validating final ADMs...
October 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040557/divergence-and-convergence-in-cause-specific-premature-adult-mortality-in-mexico-and-us-mexican-hispanics-from-1995-to-2015-analyses-of-4-9-million-individual-deaths
#11
Luz Myriam Reynales-Shigematsu, Carlos Manuel Guerrero-López, Mauricio Hernández Ávila, Hyacinth Irving, Prabhat Jha
Background: Mexicans and US Mexican Hispanics share modifiable determinants of premature mortality. We compared trends in mortality at ages 30-69 in Mexico and among US Mexican Hispanics from 1995 to 2015. Methods: We examined nationally representative statistics on 4.2 million Mexican and 0.7 million US deaths to examine cause-specific mortality. We used lung cancer indexed methods to estimate smoking-attributable deaths stratified by high and lower burden Mexican states...
September 23, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035935/prevalence-and-correlations-between-suicide-attempt-depression-substance-use-and-functionality-among-patients-with-limb-amputations
#12
Pedro I Arias Vázquez, Rosa G Castillo Avila, Mayra Del C Dominguez Zentella, Yazmín Hernández-Díaz, Thelma B González-Castro, Carlos A Tovilla-Zárate, Isela E Juárez-Rojop, María L López-Narváez, Ana Frésan
Most patients undergoing limb amputations suffer significant emotional changes. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of suicide attempts and depression in a sample of Mexican patients with limb amputations and, second, to determine whether the patients' functionality correlates with the presence of depression. We studied 40 patients who had undergone a limb amputation. The suicide attempt was evaluated using the Suicide Intent Scale. The depression was assessed using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, whereas the functionality of the patients was measured using the Functional Independence Measure...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035840/characteristics-of-mexican-children-and-adolescents-who-died-by-suicide-a-study-of-psychological-autopsies
#13
Thelma Beatriz González-Castro, Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zárate, Yazmín Hernández-Díaz, Isela E Juárez-Rojop, Alejandra Giovanna León-Garibay, Crystell Guadalupe Guzmán-Priego, Lilia López-Narváez, Ana Frésan
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, suicide in children and adolescents has increased considerably, becoming the second cause of death in this age group. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify characteristics and factors that could precipitate deaths by suicide in children and adolescents. METHODS: Using the psychological autopsy method, we studied 28 suicide cases of children and adolescents between 10 and 17 years old. Socio-demographic factors, characteristics of the suicide and family history were documented...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035748/body-dissatisfaction-predicts-poor-behavioral-weight-loss-treatment-adherence-in-overweight-mexican-american-women
#14
Julia L Austin, Kelsey N Serier, Ruth E Sarafin, Jane Ellen Smith
Poor adherence poses a major barrier to the success of behavioral weight loss (BWL) programs, particularly for overweight Mexican American women. Given the high prevalence and costs of overweight/obesity, factors that contribute to attendance and adherence problems should be identified, especially in ethnic minority populations. The current study examined the role of pre-treatment body dissatisfaction and depression in predicting attendance and adherence in a BWL intervention. Ninety-nine overweight/obese Mexican American women enrolled in the intervention and completed baseline measures...
October 13, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035106/does-the-hispanic-health-advantage-extend-to-better-management-of-hypertension-the-role-of-socioeconomic-status-sociobehavioral-factors-and-health-care-access
#15
Emily Bacon, Fernando Riosmena, Richard G Rogers
Hispanics in the United States (and foreign-born Hispanics in particular) have relatively favorable health given their lower socioeconomic status compared to, for example, non-Hispanic whites. This phenomenon is often called the Hispanic health paradox (HHP). This study examines whether the previously documented HHP in hypertension prevalence extends to its management using clinical and self-reported measures from the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Multivariate models adjusting for demographic, socioeconomic, and sociobehavioral characteristics show an advantage among foreign-born Mexicans in hypertension prevalence relative to non-Hispanic whites (adjusted OR = 0...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035105/racial-ethnic-differences-in-early-life-mortality-in-the-united-states
#16
Richard G Rogers, Elizabeth M Lawrence, Robert A Hummer, Andrea M Tilstra
U.S. early-life (ages 1-24) deaths are tragic, far too common, and largely preventable. Yet demographers have focused scant attention on U.S. early-life mortality patterns, particularly as they vary across racial and ethnic groups. We employed the restricted-use 1999-2011 National Health Interview Survey-Linked Mortality Files and hazard models to examine racial/ethnic differences in early-life mortality. Our results reveal that these disparities are large, strongly related to differences in parental socioeconomic status, and expressed through different causes of death...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033465/parental-modeling-and-deidentification-in-romantic-relationships-among-mexican-origin-youth
#17
Sally I-Chun Kuo, Lorey A Wheeler, Kimberly A Updegraff, Susan M McHale, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Norma J Perez-Brena
This study investigated youth's modeling of and de-identification from parents in romantic relationships, using two phases of data from adolescent siblings, mothers, and fathers in 246 Mexican-origin families. Each parent reported his/her marital satisfaction and conflict, and youth reported on parent-adolescent warmth and conflict at Time 1. Youth's reports of modeling of and de-identification from their mothers and fathers and three romantic relationship outcomes were assessed at Time 2. Findings revealed that higher parental marital satisfaction, lower marital conflict, and higher warmth and lower conflict in parent-adolescent relationships were associated with more modeling and less de-identification from parents...
October 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031783/antidiabetic-effect-of-achillea-millefollium-through-multitarget-interactions-%C3%AE-glucosidases-inhibition-insulin-sensitization-and-insulin-secretagogue-activities
#18
Fabiola Chávez-Silva, Litzia Cerón-Romero, Luis Arias-Durán, Gabriel Navarrete-Vázquez, Julio Almanza-Pérez, Rubén Román-Ramos, Guillermo Ramírez-Ávila, Irene Perea-Arango, Rafael Villalobos-Molina, Samuel Estrada-Soto
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE: Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae) is a perennial herb used in Mexican folk medicine for treatment of several pathologies, including inflammatory and spasmodic gastrointestinal disorders, hepatobiliary complaints, overactive cardiovascular, respiratory ailments and diabetes. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the potential antidiabetic effect in vivo and to establish the potential mode of action through in vitro approaches of Achillea millefolium...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028481/neuropsychiatric-symptoms-as-risk-factors-of-dementia-in-a-mexican-population-a-10-66-dementia-research-group-study
#19
Isaac Acosta, Guilherme Borges, Rebeca Aguirre-Hernandez, Ana Luisa Sosa, Martin Prince
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive and/or memory impairment are the main clinical markers currently used to identify subjects at risk of developing dementia. This study aimed to explore the relationship between the presence of neuropsychiatric symptoms and dementia incidence. METHODS: We analyzed the association between neuropsychiatric symptoms and incident dementia in a cohort of 1355 Mexican older adults from the general population over 3 years of follow-up, modeling cumulative incidence ratios using Poisson models...
October 10, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027090/morphological-and-molecular-data-for-a-new-species-of-pomphorhynchus-monticelli-1905-acanthocephala-pomphorhynchidae-in-the-mexican-redhorse-moxostoma-austrinum-bean-cypriniformes-catostomidae-in-central-mexico
#20
Martín García-Varela, Berenit Mendoza-Garfias, Anindo Choudhury, Gerardo Pérez-Ponce de León
Pomphorhynchus purhepechus n. sp. is described from the intestine of the Mexican redhorse Moxostoma austrinum Bean (Catostomidae) in central Mexico. The new species can be distinguished from the other seven described species of Pomphorhynchus Monticelli, 1905 in the Americas by a subspherical proboscis and 14 longitudinal rows with 16-18 hooks each; the third and the fourth row of hooks are alternately longest. Sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) gene and the large subunit (LSU) rDNA (including the domains D2-D3) were used to corroborate the morphological distinction between the new species and Pomphorhynchus bulbocolli Linkins in Van Cleave, 1919, a species widely distributed in several freshwater fish species across Canada, USA, and Mexico...
October 12, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
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