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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346203/emergency-general-surgery-time-for-anesthesiology-and-surgery-to-work-together-to-drive-improvement-in-outcomes
#1
Michael J Scott, Michel B Aboutanos, Lee Fleisher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343282/investigation-of-perioperative-safety-and-clinical-results-of-one-stage-bilateral-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-selected-low-risk-patients
#2
Hirotaka Mutsuzaki, Arata Watanabe, Tetsuya Komatsuzaki, Tomonori Kinugasa, Kotaro Ikeda
BACKGROUND: An increased perioperative complication rate has been a concern with one-stage bilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to retrospectively investigate the perioperative safety and clinical results of one-stage bilateral TKA in selected low-risk patients. METHODS: Sixty-seven patients who received one-stage bilateral TKAs for osteoarthritis who were American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) class 1 or 2 were included in this study...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340504/strategies-to-optimize-medline-and-embase-search-strategies-for-anesthesiology-systematic-reviews-an-experimental-study
#3
Enilze de Souza Nogueira Volpato, Marluci Betini, Maria Eduarda Puga, Arnav Agarwal, Antônio José Maria Cataneo, Luciane Dias de Oliveira, Rodrigo Bazan, Leandro Gobbo Braz, José Eduardo Guimarães Pereira, Regina El Dib
BACKGROUND: A high-quality electronic search is essential for ensuring accuracy and comprehensiveness among the records retrieved when conducting systematic reviews. Therefore, we aimed to identify the most efficient method for searching in both MEDLINE (through PubMed) and EMBASE, covering search terms with variant spellings, direct and indirect orders, and associations with MeSH and EMTREE terms (or lack thereof). DESIGN AND SETTING: Experimental study. UNESP, Brazil...
January 15, 2018: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338143/anesthesiology-residents-induction-month-a-pilot-study-showing-an-effective-and-safe-way-to-train-novice-residents-through-simulation
#4
Federico L Barra, Luca Carenzo, Jeffrey Franc, Claudia Montagnini, Flavia Petrini, Francesco Della Corte, Pier L Ingrassia
BACKGROUND: The transition of new residents from medical school to the post-graduate clinical environment remains challenging. We hypothesized that an introductory simulation course could improve new residents' performance in anesthesiology. METHODS: "Anesthesiology Residents Induction Month" (ARIM) was designed as a non-clinical simulation training program aiming at providing the theoretical and practical skills to safely approach, as junior anesthesiologists, the operating rooms...
January 16, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337759/new-diplomates-american-board-of-anesthesiology%C3%A2-fall-2017
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335823/-drugs-for-intravenous-induction-of-anesthesia-propofol
#6
D Bolkenius, C Dumps, E Halbeck
In a series of articles dealing with hypnotics for induction of anesthesia, this article describes the development and current value of propofol. Its significance far exceeds that of a pure induction hypnotic (sedation in diagnostic and therapeutic procedures and on the intensive care unit). Propofol is also used for sedation in diagnostic and therapeutic procedures and on the intensive care unit. In the field of induction of anesthesia, the alternatives are barely used. Some contraindications are still controversial whereas others are no longer sufficiently anchored in the users' awareness (widespread off-label use)...
January 15, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327135/acquiring-and-maintaining-point-of-care-ultrasound-pocus-competence-for-anesthesiologists
#7
REVIEW
T Jared McCormick, Elizabeth Clarke Miller, Robert Chen, Viren N Naik
PURPOSE: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) involves the bedside use of ultrasound to answer specific diagnostic questions and to assess real-time physiologic responses to treatment. Although POCUS has become a well-established resource for emergency and critical care physicians, anesthesiologists are still working to obtain POCUS skills and to incorporate them into routine practice. This review defines the benefits of POCUS to anesthesia practice, identifies challenges to establishing POCUS in routine anesthesia care, and offers solutions to help guide its incorporation going forward...
January 11, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324480/anesthesiology-board-certification-changes-a-real-time-example-of-assessment-drives-learning
#8
David J Murray, John R Boulet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318277/association-between-handover-of-anesthesia-care-and-adverse-postoperative-outcomes-among-patients-undergoing-major-surgery
#9
Philip M Jones, Richard A Cherry, Britney N Allen, Krista M Bray Jenkyn, Salimah Z Shariff, Suzanne Flier, Kelly N Vogt, Duminda N Wijeysundera
Importance: Handing over the care of a patient from one anesthesiologist to another occurs during some surgeries and might increase the risk of adverse outcomes. Objective: To assess whether complete handover of intraoperative anesthesia care is associated with higher likelihood of mortality or major complications compared with no handover of care. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective population-based cohort study (April 1, 2009-March 31, 2015 set in the Canadian province of Ontario) of adult patients aged 18 years and older undergoing major surgeries expected to last at least 2 hours and requiring a hospital stay of at least 1 night...
January 9, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309320/chinese-anesthesiologists-have-high-burnout-and-low-job-satisfaction-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Hange Li, Mingzhang Zuo, Adrian W Gelb, Biao Zhang, Xiaohui Zhao, Dongdong Yao, Di Xia, Yuguang Huang
BACKGROUND: The Chinese health care system must meet the needs of 19% of the world's population. Despite recent economic growth, health care resources are unevenly distributed. This creates the potential for job stress and burnout. We therefore conducted a survey among anesthesiologists in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region focusing on job satisfaction and burnout to determine the incidence and associated factors. METHODS: A large cross-sectional study was performed in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region of China...
January 5, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309317/academic-anesthesiology-career-development-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-the-role-of-foundation-for-anesthesiology-education-and-research-funding
#11
Rebecca M Speck, Denham S Ward, Lee A Fleisher
BACKGROUND: In 1986, the American Society of Anesthesiologists created the Foundation for Anesthesiology Education and Research (FAER) to fund young anesthesiology investigators toward the goal of helping launch their academic careers. Determining the impact of the FAER grant program has been of importance. METHODS: This mixed-methods study included quantitative data collection through a Research Electronic Data Capture survey and curriculum vitae (CV) submission and qualitative interviews...
January 5, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307207/the-role-of-clinical-hypnosis-and-self-hypnosis-to-relief-pain-and-anxiety-in-severe-chronic-diseases-in-palliative-care-a-2-year-long-term-follow-up-of-treatment-in-a-nonrandomized-clinical-trial
#12
Maria Paola Brugnoli, Giancarlo Pesce, Emanuela Pasin, Maria Francesca Basile, Stefano Tamburin, Enrico Polati
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe chronic diseases and advanced cancer receiving palliative care, have a complex range of pain and anxiety that can arise early in the course of illness. We studied two groups of patients with severe chronic diseases who participated in a nonrandomized clinical trial of early integration of clinical hypnosis in palliative care versus standard pharmacological care. The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate whether a long-term intervention of 2 years with clinical hypnosis and self-hypnosis as an adjuvant therapy in chronic pain and anxiety, is more effective than pharmacological therapy alone...
December 12, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301653/successful-emergency-pain-control-for-posterior-rib-fractures-with-ultrasound-guided-erector-spinae-plane-block
#13
Josh Luftig, Daniel Mantuani, Andrew A Herring, Brittany Dixon, Eben Clattenburg, Arun Nagdev
The Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma and Trauma Anesthesiology Society Guidelines recommend prompt and effective multimodal analgesia for rib fractures that combines regional anesthesia (RA) techniques with pharmacotherapy to treat pain, optimize pulmonary function, and reduce opioid related complications. However, RA techniques such as epidurals and paravertebral blocks, are generally underutilized or unavailable for emergency department (ED) patients. The recently described serratus anterior plane block (SAPB) is a promising technique, but failures with posterior rib fractures have been observed...
December 28, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290050/osteotomies-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-where-how-many-and-how-much
#14
REVIEW
H Koller, M Mayer, A Hempfing, J Koller
INTRODUCTION: This article presents the current concepts of correction of spinal deformity in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients. Untreated AS can be a debilitating disease. In a few patients, disease progression results in severe spinal deformity affecting not only the thoracolumbar, but also the cervical spine. Surgery for correction in AS patients has a long history. With the advent of modern instrumentation, standardization of surgical and anesthesiologic techniques, surgical safety and corrective results could be improved and experiences from lumbar osteotomies could be transferred to the cervical spine...
December 30, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285834/evidence-for-increased-use-of-the-society-of-pediatric-anesthesia-critical-events-checklist-in-resource-limited-environments-a-retrospective-observational-study-of-app-data
#15
Vikas N O'Reilly-Shah, Jamie Kitzman, Craig S Jabaley, Grant C Lynde
BACKGROUND: Electronic decision support tools in anesthesiology practice have great value, including the potential for mobile applications to simplify delivery of best-practice guidelines. AIMS: We sought to combine demographics with usage information to elucidate important patterns in the rate of use of the Society of Pediatric Anesthesia Critical Events Checklist, as measured by in-app accesses of the checklist via the freely available anesthesia calculator app anesthesiologist...
December 28, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284900/impact-of-preoperative-anxiety-in-patients-on-hemodynamic-changes-and-a-dose-of-anesthetic-during-induction-of-anesthesia
#16
Jasmina Ahmetovic-Djug, Sefik Hasukic, Haris Djug, Begzada Hasukic, Alan Jahic
Objectives: Each surgical patient is preoperatively, intraoperatively and postoperatively exposed to stress. The aim of this study was to determine the existence of preoperative anxiety, and to determine its impact on hemodynamic parameters (blood pressure, heart rate) in patients and dose of anesthetics during induction of anesthesia. Methods: A prospective clinical study conducted at the Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation and Surgery Clinic of University Clinical Center Tuzla (UCC) in the period May 2012...
October 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284852/a-comparative-study-of-postoperative-analgesia-provided-by-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-using-two-concentrations-of-bupivacaine-in-patients-undergoing-inguinal-hernia-repair
#17
Rajesh Prabhu, Dewan Roshan Singh, N Krishnaveni
Background: Pain after open inguinal hernia surgery can be moderate to severe and is known to prolong hospital stay and delay return to normal daily activities. Settings: A randomized controlled trial conducted in the Department of Anesthesiology in a tertiary care hospital. Aims and Objectives: To compare the efficacy of postoperative analgesia provided by equal volumes of 0.125% and 0.25% bupivacaine administered in an ultrasound (US)-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block in patients undergoing unilateral inguinal hernia repair...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284837/to-compare-the-effects-of-different-doses-of-dexmedetomidine-on-intrathecal-bupivacaine-in-infraumbilical-surgeries-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-clinical-study
#18
Shashikala Thuraganur Kapinegowda, Tejesh Channasandra Anandswamy, Vijaya Hanumanthappa Narayanappa, Sachin Kumar, Prashant Hatti
Introduction: Spinal anesthesia is preferred technique of choice in infraumbalical surgeries. Limitation of this technique is shorter duration of analgesia, so various adjuvants have been used with intrathecal bupivacaine such as fentanyl, clonidine, and dexmedetomidine. Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective alpha 2 adrenergic agonist. The aim of our study was to know the effect of different doses of dexmedetomidine on intrathecal bupivacaine. Materials and Methods: The prospective, randomized, double-blind study was conducted in tertiary health care center, on ninety patients of the American Society of Anesthesiology Class I and II, of age group 18-60 years of either sex...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284836/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-evaluation-of-knowledge-efficacy-and-retention-in-young-doctors-joining-postgraduation-program
#19
Vidhu Bhatnagar, Urvashi Tandon, Kavitha Jinjil, Deepak Dwivedi, S Kiran, Rohit Verma
Background: High-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and rapid defibrillation the cornerstone for resuscitation from cardiac arrest and increase the incidence of return of spontaneous circulation. Regular CPR training imparted to health-care personnel increases knowledge and helps in skill enhancing. Aims: The aim of this study is to evaluate background knowledge, percentage improvement in the skills, and residual knowledge after a period of 6 months of postgraduate (PG) students as well as the efficacy of the designed teaching program for CPR...
October 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284443/readiness-to-change-and-therapy-outcomes-of-an-innovative-psychotherapy-program-for-surgical-patients-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Henning Krampe, Anna-Lena Salz, Léonie F Kerper, Alexander Krannich, Tatjana Schnell, Klaus-Dieter Wernecke, Claudia D Spies
BACKGROUND: Readiness to change is a pivotal construct for psychotherapy research and a major target of motivational interventions. Our primary objective was to examine whether pre-treatment readiness to change moderated therapy effects of Bridging Intervention in Anesthesiology (BRIA), an innovative psychotherapy approach for surgical patients. This stepped care program aims at motivating and supporting surgical patients with mental disorders to engage in psychosocial mental health care...
December 29, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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