keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

ECC

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921726/chlamydia-trachomatis-regulates-innate-immune-barrier-integrity-and-mediates-cytokine-and-antimicrobial-responses-in-human-uterine-ecc-1-epithelial-cells
#1
Lucy Rudo Mukura, Danica K Hickey, Marta Rodriguez-Garcia, John V Fahey, Charles R Wira
PROBLEM: Chlamydia trachomatis infection is the most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection worldwide and known to increase the risk for HIV acquisition. Few studies have investigated how infection of epithelial cells compromises barrier integrity and antimicrobial response. METHOD OF STUDY: ECC-1 cells, a human uterine epithelial cell line, were treated with live and heat-killed C. trachomatis. Epithelial barrier integrity measured as transepithelial resistance (TER), chemokines antimicrobial levels, and antimicrobial mRNA expression was measured by ELISA and Real-time RT-PCR...
September 16, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917595/perioperative-and-oncologic-outcomes-of-nephrectomy-and-caval-thrombectomy-using-extracorporeal-circulation-and-deep-hypothermic-circulatory-arrest-for-renal-cell-carcinoma-invading-the-supradiaphragmatic-inferior-vena-cava-and-or-right-atrium
#2
Alessandro Nini, Umberto Capitanio, Alessandro Larcher, Paolo Dell'Oglio, Federico Dehò, Nazareno Suardi, Fabio Muttin, Cristina Carenzi, Massimo Freschi, Roberta Lucianò, Giovanni La Croce, Alberto Briganti, Renzo Colombo, Andrea Salonia, Alessandro Castiglioni, Patrizio Rigatti, Francesco Montorsi, Roberto Bertini
BACKGROUND: Radical nephrectomy (RN) and caval thrombectomy (CT) for renal cell carcinoma, with extracorporeal circulation (ECC) and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) is a challenging surgical approach. OBJECTIVE: To assess peri-operative and oncologic outcomes of renal cell carcinoma patients treated with RN and CT, using ECC and DHCA. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We retrospectively evaluated 46 patients who underwent RN and CT using ECC and DHCA...
September 13, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914240/comparison-of-candida-species-isolated-from-children-with-and-without-early-childhood-caries-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#3
M S Beena, Faizal C Peedikayil, M B GufranAfmed, T P Chandru, K Soni, N Dhanesh
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is characterized by the presence of one or more decayed, missing (due to caries), or filled teeth surfaces in any primary tooth, in a child below 6 years of age. Although ECC is primarily associated with high levels of maternal Streptococcus mutans, there has been an increased interest in finding the relationship between oral fungal flora and dental caries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to identify and characterize the Candida species and to compare the candidal isolates in children with ECC and without ECC...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893046/the-association-between-cariogenic-factors-and-the-occurrence-of-early-childhood-caries-in-children-from-salem-district-of-india
#4
Arokiaraj Stephen, Ramesh Krishnan, Paul Chalakkal
INTRODUCTION: Various aetiological factors for Early Childhood Caries (ECC) have been suggested in literature, but the role of each factor has been disputed in various studies. AIM: To evaluate the association between ECC and its related factors in children between three to six years of age, from rural, semi-urban and urban schools in the district of Salem (India). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study consisted of children between three to six years of age, selected randomly from schools in semi-urban, urban and rural schools at Salem...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890620/prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-severe-early-childhood-caries-in-12-to-36-month-old-children-of-sirmaur-district-himachal-pradesh-india
#5
Ritu G Mangla, Raman Kapur, Abhishek Dhindsa, Manish Madan
AIM: To assess the prevalence, distribution, and associated risk factors of severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) among 12- to 36-month-old children of district Sirmaur, Himachal Pradesh, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted on a random sample of 510 children, both boys and girls, between 12 and 36 months of age randomly selected from various government-sponsored day-care centers, private day-care centers, and vaccination centers. Caries was recorded using World Health Organization criteria...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890609/association-of-feeding-methods-and-streptococcus-mutans-count-with-early-childhood-caries-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Deepa Bullappa, Manjunath P Puranik, K R Sowmya, T Nagarathnamma
INTRODUCTION: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a virulent form of dental caries that can destroy the primary dentition of toddlers and preschool children. The aim was to determine the relationship of feeding methods and oral Streptococcus mutans count in 3- to 5-year-old children with ECC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in children aged 3 to 5 years. Participating mothers were interviewed regarding child's demographic profile, educational level and socioeconomic status of parents, past medical and dental history of the mother and child, child's feeding habits, and dietary habits and oral hygiene practices of mother and child...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888107/comparison-of-dislocation-characterization-by-electron-channeling-contrast-imaging-and-cross-correlation-electron-backscattered-diffraction
#7
Bret E Dunlap, Timothy J Ruggles, David T Fullwood, Brian Jackson, Martin A Crimp
In this work, the relative capabilities and limitations of electron channeling contrast imaging (ECCI) and cross-correlation electron backscattered diffraction (CC-EBSD) have been assessed by studying the dislocation distributions resulting from nanoindentation in body centered cubic Ta. Qualitative comparison reveals very similar dislocation distributions between the CC-EBSD mapped GNDs and the ECC imaged dislocations. Approximate dislocation densities determined from ECC images compare well to those determined by CC-EBSD...
September 1, 2017: Ultramicroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885532/governance-practices-in-an-era-of-healthcare-transformation-achieving-a-successful-turnaround
#8
Samuel E Sondheim, Dipesh M Patel, Nicole Chin, Kurt Barwis, Julie Werner, Alexus Barclay, Angela Mattie
This article illustrates the successful application of principles established by the American Hospital Association (AHA) to foster hospital transformations (). We examined a small community hospital's successful transition from one emergency care center (ECC) physician group to another and the methods by which significant improvements in outcomes were achieved. The foundation of this transformation included a generative governance style at the board level, a shared governance model at the employee level, a renewed sense of employee and physician engagement, and a sense of individual accountability...
September 2017: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882580/lotus-birth-a-holistic-approach-on-physiological-cord-clamping
#9
Laura A Zinsser
BACKGROUND: The positive effects of delayed cord clamping (DCC) has been extensively researched. DCC means: waiting at least one minute after birth before clamping and cutting the cord or till the pulsation has stopped. With physiological clamping and cutting (PCC) the clamping and cutting can happen at the earliest after the pulsation has stopped. With a Lotus birth, no clamping and cutting of the cord is done. A woman called Clair Lotus Day imitated the holistic approach of PCC from an anthropoid ape in 1974...
September 4, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882338/relationship-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-adiposity-with-left-ventricular-strain-in-middle-age-adults-from-the-dallas-heart-study
#10
Ambarish Pandey, Bryan Park, Spencer Martens, Colby Ayers, Ian J Neeland, Mark J Haykowsky, Michael D Nelson, Satyam Sarma, Jarett D Berry
Low cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and obesity are significant risk factors for heart failure (HF). However, given the inverse association between CRF and obesity, the independent contributions of low CRF and adiposity toward HF risk are not well established. We evaluated the association of CRF and measures of adiposity with left ventricular (LV) peak systolic strain-a subclinical measure of LV dysfunction-among the Dallas Heart Study phase II participants without cardiovascular disease who had CRF estimated using a submaximal treadmill test and LV systolic circumferential strain assessment by tissue-tagged cardiac magnetic resonance imaging...
July 25, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877374/role-of-oral-nystatin-prophylaxis-in-cardiac-surgery-with-prolongedextracorporeal-circulation
#11
Alessandro Russo, Giovanni Carriero, Alessio Farcomeni, Giancarlo Ceccarelli, Luigi Tritapepe, Mario Venditti
Duration >120 minutes of extracorporeal circulation (ECC) during cardiopulmonary bypass procedure was associated to an increased risk of candidemia in the intensive care unit (ICU). To evaluate oral nystatin prophylaxis in cardiac surgery considering its exclusive effect on Candida, in the absence of systemic effects and selection of resistant strains to polyene. We conducted an observational study in the postcardiac surgery ICU of Policlinico "Umberto I" of Rome. From January 2014, all patients with a prolonged ECC >120 minutes were systematically treated with oral nystatin (Prophylaxis group)...
September 6, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875089/use-of-a-teledentistry-based-program-for-screening-of-early-childhood-caries-in-a-school-setting
#12
Subbalekshmi T, Vasanthakumari Anandan, Renugalekshmi Apathsakayan
Aim The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and feasibility of using teledentistry for the screening and diagnosis of dental caries in children between the age groups of three to six years. Design This study included a total of 318 school-going children whose caries scores were calculated by visual method and using digital photographs generated by an intraoral camera by two examiners: examiner 1 and examiner 2 (E1 and E2). Intra-examiner and inter-examiner variability were determined. Reliability was compared across the three groups...
July 1, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868798/feeding-frequency-in-infancy-and-dental-caries-in-childhood-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Carlos Alberto Feldens, Priscila Humbert Rodrigues, Gislaine de Anastácio, Márcia Regina Vítolo, Benjamin W Chaffee
OBJECTIVES: Feeding patterns in infancy are plausible contributors to dental caries later in childhood, yet relatively few cohort studies have examined potential dietary risk factors at this age. This study aimed to investigate the associations between feeding frequency at age 12 months and caries prevalence at age 3 years. METHODS: In this prospective birth cohort of 345 Brazilian children, all foods and drinks consumed at age 12 months, including bottle-use and breastfeeding, were recorded using two 24-hour infant dietary recalls with mothers...
September 3, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858630/quantitative-assessment-of-salivary-oral-bacteria-according-to-the-severity-of-dental-caries-in-childhood
#14
Natália H Colombo, Paula F Kreling, Laís F F Ribas, Jesse A Pereira, Christine A Kressirer, Marlise I Klein, Anne C R Tanner, Cristiane Duque
This study aimed to assess differences in selected oral bacteria in children according to the severity of dental caries. One hundred and thirty-six children, 36-60 months old were divided into three groups according to caries status: caries-free (CF) (n=47), early childhood caries (ECC) (n=40) and severe-early childhood caries (S-ECC) (n=49). Saliva was collected for detection and quantification of selected oral streptococci, Actinomyces naeslundii, Lactobacillus spp., Bifidobacterium spp., and Scardovia wiggsiae by quantitative-polymerase chain reaction...
August 16, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858085/evaluation-of-an-interlaced-triple-procedure-penetrating-keratoplasty-extracapsular-cataract-extraction-and-nonopen-sky-intraocular-lens-implantation
#15
Shuo Yang, Bin Wang, Yangyang Zhang, Hualei Zhai, Junyi Wang, Shuang Wang, Lixin Xie
To evaluate an interlaced triple procedure that involved penetrating keratoplasty (PKP), extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE) using diathermy capsulotomy, and nonopen-sky intraocular lens (IOL) implantation.This retrospective study involved data from 34 patients who were diagnosed with severe corneal opacities and cataracts. These patients were divided into an interlaced procedure group (21 patients) and a traditional procedure group (13 patients). In the interlaced group, the method of continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) was completed via diathermy capsulotomy...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857422/four-bits-per-cell-operation-in-an-hfo2-based-resistive-switching-device
#16
Gun Hwan Kim, Hyunsu Ju, Min Kyu Yang, Dong Kyu Lee, Ji Woon Choi, Jae Hyuck Jang, Sang Gil Lee, Ik Su Cha, Bo Keun Park, Jeong Hwan Han, Taek-Mo Chung, Kyung Min Kim, Cheol Seong Hwang, Young Kuk Lee
The quadruple-level cell technology is demonstrated in an Au/Al2 O3 /HfO2 /TiN resistance switching memory device using the industry-standard incremental step pulse programming (ISPP) and error checking/correction (ECC) methods. With the highly optimistic properties of the tested device, such as self-compliance and gradual set-switching behaviors, the device shows 6σ reliability up to 16 states with a state current gap value of 400 nA for the total allowable programmed current range from 2 to 11 µA. It is demonstrated that the conventional ISPP/ECC can be applied to such resistance switching memory, which may greatly contribute to the commercialization of the device, especially competitively with NAND flash...
August 30, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856133/pioneering-and-interprofessional-pediatric-dentistry-programs-aimed-at-reducing-oral-health-disparities
#17
Francisco Ramos-Gomez, Hamida Askaryar, Cambria Garell, Jennifer Ogren
Early Childhood Caries (ECC) is the most chronic childhood disease and more predominant in low-income and underserved children. Although easily transmitted, ECC is entirely preventable. Dr. Ramos-Gomez and his team at the University of California, Los Angeles put together an interprofessional curriculum where both medical and dental knowledge and practice is integrated to prepare dentists and primary care providers to more cost effectively address ECC and thereby reduce disparities in oral health. The curriculum, known as the Strategic Partnership for Interprofessional Collaborative Education in Pediatric Dentistry (SPICE-PD), consists of nine evidence-based training modules: applied statistics and research, community partners, interprofessional education/training, quality improvement, policy and advocacy, disease management/risk assessment, ethics/professionalism, cultural competency and children with special heath-care needs...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839016/genome-sequences-of-escherichia-coli-strains-that-cause-persistent-and-transient-mastitis
#18
Tyler C Thacker, John D Lippolis, Brian W Brunelle, Thomas A Casey, Timothy A Reinhardt, Randy E Sacco, Devin B Holman
We report here the genome sequences of two strains of Escherichia coli (ECA-B and ECC-M) that cause bovine mastitis. These strains are known to be associated with persistent and transient mastitis; strain ECA-B causes a transient infection, and ECC-M leads to a persistent infection.
August 24, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835899/acute-elevated-glucose-promotes-abnormal-action-potential-induced-ca-2-transients-in-cultured-skeletal-muscle-fibers
#19
Erick O Hernández-Ochoa, Quinton Banks, Martin F Schneider
A common comorbidity of diabetes is skeletal muscle dysfunction, which leads to compromised physical function. Previous studies of diabetes in skeletal muscle have shown alterations in excitation-contraction coupling (ECC)-the sequential link between action potentials (AP), intracellular Ca(2+) release, and the contractile machinery. Yet, little is known about the impact of acute elevated glucose on the temporal properties of AP-induced Ca(2+) transients and ionic underlying mechanisms that lead to muscle dysfunction...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832392/ischemic-preconditioning-blunts-muscle-damage-responses-induced-by-eccentric-exercise
#20
Alexander Franz, Michael Behringer, Jan-Frieder Harmsen, Constantin Mayer, Rüdiger Krauspe, Christoph Zilkens, Moritz Schumann
PURPOSE: Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) is known to reduce muscle damage induced by ischemia and reperfusion-injury (I/R-Injury) during surgery. Due to similarities between the pathophysiological formation of I/R-injury and eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD), as characterized by an intracellular accumulation of Ca, an increased production of reactive oxygen species and increased pro-inflammatory signaling, the purpose of the present study was to investigate whether IPC performed prior to eccentric exercise may also protect against EIMD...
August 22, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
keyword
keyword
18139
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"