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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222484/overweight-obese-underweight-and-frequency-of-sugar-consumption-as-risk-indicators-for-early-childhood-caries-in-brazilian-preschool-children
#1
Cecilia Claudia Costa Ribeiro, Mariana Carvalho Batista da Silva, Ana Margarida Melo Nunes, Erika Bárbara de Abreu Fonseca Thomaz, Cadidja Dayane Sousa Carmo, Marizélia Rodrigues Costa Ribeiro, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva
BACKGROUND: A possible association between being overweight or obese and early childhood caries (ECC) remains controversial. AIM: To investigated this association in a developing country testing the confounding effects of socioeconomic factors and frequency of sugar consumption. METHODS: Historical cohort study, 388 children (aged 24-71 months) living in São Luís, Brazil. A theoretical model adjusted according to income, birthweight, and nutritional status at twelve months and frequency of sugar consumption was generated with directed acyclic graphs to analyze this association...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209956/-vacuum-therapy-in-complex-treatment-of-epithelial-coccygeal-course
#2
M F Cherkasov, K M Galashokyan, Yu M Startsev, D M Cherkasov, S G Melikova
AIM: To analyze the outcomes in patients with epithelial coccygeal course (ECC) after original vacuum-therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 61 patients with ECC. Patients were divided into 3 groups: 22 patients underwent ECC excision followed by wound closure by Donati, ECC excision with following wound management with ointment swathes was used in 19 cases, vacuum-therapy of open wound was conducted in 20 patients. RESULTS: In group 1 hospital-stay was 11±1...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208259/ultrasensitive-electrochemical-detection-of-mirna-21-using-a-zinc-finger-protein-specific-to-dna-rna-hybrids
#3
Chiew San Fang, Kwang-Sun Kim, Byeongjun Yu, Sangyong Jon, Moon-Soo Kim, Haesik Yang
Both high sensitivity and high specificity are crucial for detection of miRNAs that have emerged as important clinical biomarkers. Just Another Zinc finger proteins (JAZ, ZNF346) bind preferably (but nonsequence-specifically) to DNA-RNA hybrids over single-stranded RNAs, single-stranded DNAs, and double-stranded DNAs. We present an ultrasensitive and highly specific electrochemical method for miRNA-21 detection based on the selective binding of JAZ to the DNA-RNA hybrid formed between a DNA capture probe and a target miRNA-21...
February 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206900/caregiver-illness-perception-of-their-child-s-early-childhood-caries
#4
Mary Beth Slusar, Suchitra Nelson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this case-control study was to evaluate the association between parent/caregivers' illness perception and early childhood caries (ECC). METHODS: Parent/caregivers of children younger than six years old were recruited at the dental clinic of an urban children's hospital between June 2013 and September 2015. Cases were caregivers of ECC children; controls were caregivers of children without ECC. Caregivers completed the Illness Perception Questionnaire-Revised for Dental (IPQ-RD) assessing cognitive (identity, consequences, control, timeline, illness coherence, cause) and emotional representations of dental caries...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201958/blood-infusion-and-the-risk-of-haemorrhage-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-with-extracorporeal-circulation
#5
Manuel Luque-Oliveros, María Ángeles García-Carpintero, Omar Cauli
PURPOSE: Patients undergoing cardiac surgery with extracorporeal circulation (ECC) frequently present haemorrhages as a complication associated with high morbidity and mortality. One of the factors that influences this risk is the volume of blood infused during surgery. The objective of this study was to determine the optimal volume of autologous blood that can be processed during cardiac surgery with ECC. We also determined the number of salvaged red blood cells to be reinfused into the patient in order to minimize the risk of haemorrhage in the postoperative period...
February 13, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195313/neuronal-sodium-channels-emerging-components-of-the-nano-machinery-of-cardiac-calcium-cycling
#6
Rengasayee Veeraraghavan, Sándor Györke, Przemysław B Radwański
Excitation-contraction coupling (ECC) is the bridge between cardiac electrical activation and mechanical contraction. It is driven by the influx of Ca(2+) across the sarcolemma triggering Ca(2+) release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) - a process termed Ca(2+) -induced Ca(2+) release (CICR) - followed by re-sequestration of Ca(2+) into the SR. The sodium calcium exchanger (NCX) inextricably couples the cycling of Ca(2+) and Na(+) in cardiac myocytes. Thus, influx of Na(+) via voltage-gated Na(+) channels (NaV ) has emerged as an important regulator of CICR both in health and in disease...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168772/evaluation-of-endocervical-curettage-with-conization-in-diagnosis-of-endocervical-lesions
#7
Yukio Suzuki, Tamaki Cho, Tae Mogami, Naho Ruiz Yokota, Tatsuya Matsunaga, Mikiko Asai-Sato, Fumiki Hirahara, Masanori Nojima, Mitsuru Mori, Etsuko Miyagi
AIM: Endocervical curettage (ECC) at the time of conization has been reported to be effective for diagnosing cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and/or early stage cervical cancer. We aimed to verify the accuracy of ECC with conization. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the records of 540 patients with suspected neoplastic cervical lesions who underwent conization at the Yokohama City University Hospital from January 2008 to December 2015. To validate the effectiveness of ECC for evaluating endocervical lesions, histopathologic findings from ECC samples were compared with those from endocervical specimens obtained by conization...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166996/the-protective-role-of-tetramethylpyrazine-against-cisplatin-induced-ototoxicity
#8
Ali Bayram, Altan Kaya, Ebru Akay, İbrahim Hıra, İbrahim Özcan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) on cisplatin-induced ototoxicity in rats. METHODS: Forty healthy, female, 24-week-old, Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 40) were randomly assigned to four groups as follows: group one (n = 10) received intraperitoneal (i.p.) physiological saline at daily doses of 3 mg/kg for seven days; group two (n = 10) received a single dose of i.p. 15 mg/kg cisplatin; group three (n = 10) received i...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155889/platelets-protect-lung-from-injury-induced-by-systemic-inflammatory-response
#9
Shuhua Luo, Yabo Wang, Qi An, Hao Chen, Junfei Zhao, Jie Zhang, Wentong Meng, Lei Du
Systemic inflammatory responses can severely injure lungs, prompting efforts to explore how to attenuate such injury. Here we explored whether platelets can help attenuate lung injury in mice resulting from extracorporeal circulation (ECC)-induced systemic inflammatory responses. Mice were subjected to ECC for 30 min, then treated with phosphate-buffered saline, platelets, the GPIIb/IIIa inhibitor Tirofiban, or the combination of platelets and Tirofiban. Blood and lung tissues were harvested 60 min later, and lung injury and inflammatory status were assessed...
February 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144795/comparative-analysis-of-coaxial-phacoemulsification-with-2-2-and-2-8-mm-clear-corneal-incisions
#10
Harinder Singh Sethi, Komal Saluja, Mayuresh P Naik
PURPOSE: To compare the intraoperative efficiency and postoperative visual outcome of coaxial phacoemulsification using 2.2- and 2.8-mm clear corneal incision coaxial phacoemulsification. SETTING: The study was conducted at Vardhaman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi which is a tertiary health care centre. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective, randomized, comparative interventional study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 140 eyes of patients undergoing cataract surgery were enrolled according to the inclusion-exclusion criteria and randomly divided in two groups of 70 such that Group I-Patients underwent phacoemulsification through 2...
January 31, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130841/dmbt1-expression-in-biliary-carcinogenesis-with-correlation-of-clinicopathological-data
#11
Benjamin Goeppert, Stephanie Roessler, Natalia Becker, Manuela Zucknick, Monika Nadja Vogel, Arne Warth, Anita Pathil-Warth, Arianeb Mehrabi, Peter Schirmacher, Jan Mollenhauer, Marcus Renner
AIMS: Deleted in Malignant Brain Tumors 1 (DMBT1) exerts functions in the regulation of epithelial differentiation and inflammation and has been proposed as tumor suppressor. Since chronic inflammation is a hallmark of cholangiocarcinogenesis, the aim of the study was to investigate the expression of DMBT1 in biliary tract cancer (BTC) and to correlate the expression with clinicopathological data. METHODS AND RESULTS: The expression of DMBT1 protein was examined immunohistochemically in 157 BTC patients (41 intrahepatic (ICC), 60 extrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (ECC), and 56 adenocarcinomas of the gallbladder (GBAC))...
January 28, 2017: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118645/a-polymorphism-in-the-mtrr-gene-is-associated-with-early-childhood-caries-and-underweight
#12
Lívia Azeredo Alves Antunes, Claudio Manoel Cabral Machado, Ana Carolina Kuntz Couto, Ludiana Barbosa Lopes, Fernanda Cunha Sena, Fernanda Volpe Abreu, Renato Silva Fraga, Erika Calvano Küchler, Leonardo Santos Antunes
Polymorphisms in genes encoding the enzymes involved in the metabolism of homocysteine, such as methionine synthase (MTR) and methionine synthase reductase (MTRR), play an important function in the metabolism of folic acid and vitamin B12. The present study aimed to evaluate the association of polymorphisms in genes MTR (rs1805087) and MTRR (rs1801394) with susceptibility of early childhood caries (ECC) and with body mass index alterations. A cross-sectional study was performed in 488 children aged from 2 to 6 years from 25 public day care centers in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
January 25, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105963/prevalence-and-heritability-of-early-childhood-caries-among-monozygotic-and-dizygotic-twins
#13
Anuradha Kuppan, Steven Rodrigues, Victor Samuel, Mahesh Ramakrishnan, Hassan S Halawany, Nimmi B Abraham, Vimal Jacob, Sukumaran Anil
Deciphering the relative importance of genetic and environmental factors, which play a major role in the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC), can help clinicians with planning a long-term preventive treatment. The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence and heritability of ECC among monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic (DZ) twins in Chennai, India, in the year 2013. A cross-sectional study was designed to estimate the prevalence of ECC among twins. Zygosity classification for the survey framework was adapted from a highly accurate parental report questionnaire pertaining to the physical similarity between twins...
February 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105372/association-between-central-blood-pressure-arterial-stiffness-and-mild-cognitive-impairment
#14
R Suleman, R Padwal, P Hamilton, A Senthilselvan, K Alagiakrishnan
BACKGROUND: To determine the relationship between central blood pressure (CBP) indices and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in adults over the age of 50. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted using a non-invasive SphygmoCor XCEL device. CBP indices and brachial blood pressure were measured in 50 inpatients and outpatients. MCI was assessed using the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) instrument and by the European Consortium Criteria (ECC). RESULTS: Seventy-six percent of subjects had hypertension, and 52% were diagnosed as having MCI using the ECC...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100482/mitomycin-c-augmented-trabeculectomy-subtenon-injection-versus-soaked-sponges-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#15
Mohammad Pakravan, Hamed Esfandiari, Shahin Yazdani, Azadeh Douzandeh, Nassim Amouhashemi, Mehdi Yaseri, Parto Pakravan
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To compare the efficacy and safety of subtenon injection of mitomycin C (MMC) with that of conventional application of MMC-soaked sponges in trabeculectomy. METHODS: In this multicentre randomised clinical trial, 80 consecutive open-angle glaucoma cases were randomised into two groups; group 1 received a subtenon injection of 0.1 mL of 0.01% MMC, while group 2 received 0.02% MMC-soaked sponges. Primary outcome measure was intraocular pressure (IOP), and secondary outcome measures were endothelial cell count (ECC) changes and bleb morphology according to the Indiana Bleb Appearance Grading Scale...
January 18, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098854/lsd1-sustains-estrogen-driven-endometrial-carcinoma-cell-proliferation-through-the-pi3k-akt-pathway-via-di-demethylating-h3k9-of-cyclin%C3%A2-d1
#16
Chunqin Chen, Yanan Wang, Shiyu Wang, Yuan Liu, Jiawen Zhang, Yuyao Xu, Zhenbo Zhang, Wei Bao, Sufang Wu
A recent study reported that histone lysine specific demethylase 1 (LSD1, KDM1A) is overexpressed in endometrioid endometrial carcinoma (EEC) and associated with tumor progression as well as poor prognosis. However, the physiological function and mechanism of LSD1 in endometrial cancer (EC) remains largely unknown. In this study, we demonstrate that β-estradiol (E2) treatment increased LSD1 expression via the GPR30/PI3K/AKT pathway in endometrial cancer cells. Both siGPR30 and the PI3K inhibitor LY294002 block this effect...
March 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093270/cardiac-magnetic-resonance-tissue-tracking-in-right-ventricle-feasibility-and-normal-values
#17
Vien T Truong, Komal S Safdar, Dinesh K Kalra, Xuexin Gao, Stephanie Ambach, Michael D Taylor, Ryan Moore, Robin J Taylor, Joshua Germann, Olga Toro-Salazar, John L Jefferies, Cheryl Bartone, Subha V Raman, Tam Ngo, Wojciech Mazur
PURPOSE: To investigate right ventricular (RV) strain in patients without identified cardiac pathology using cardiac magnetic resonance tissue tracking (CMR TT). METHODS: A total of 50 consecutive patients with no identified cardiac pathology were analyzed. RV longitudinal and circumferential strain was assessed by CMR TT. The age range was 4-81years with a median of 32years (interquartile range, 15 to 56years). RESULTS: Analysis time per patient was <5min...
January 16, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076495/antimicrobial-activity-of-ozone-and-naf-chlorhexidine-on-early-childhood-caries
#18
Marcos Ximenes, Mariane Cardoso, Fernando Astorga, Roland Arnold, Luiz André Pimenta, Ricardo de Sousa Viera
An early childhood carie (ECC) is an extremely destructive form of tooth decay. The aim of this study was to investigate the action of ozone (O3), and the association of sodium fluoride (NaF) with chlorhexidine (CHX) on bacteria related to ECC. Overnight culture of the bacteria was performed. On exponential phase the suspension was adjusted (101-108 CFU/mL). A drop (10μL) of each concentration of bacteria was applied on sheep blood agar plates and treated with O3 (2, 20, 200, and 2,000 ppm); after 18 hours, recovery analysis of CFU verified the reduction of bacterial activity...
January 5, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063798/evaluation-of-biological-properties-of-3-3-4-4-benzophenonetetracarboxylic-dianhydride-derivatives-and-their-ability-to-inhibit-hexokinase-activity
#19
Krzysztof Kochel, Mateusz D Tomczyk, Rui F Simões, Tomasz Frączek, Adrian Soboń, Paulo J Oliveira, Krzysztof Z Walczak, Aneta Koceva-Chyła
This investigation has explored the properties of 3,3',4,4'-benzophenonetetracarboxylic dianhydride (BDTA) derivatives with regard to their being prospective inhibitors of hexokinase II (HKII). A pluripotent embryonic carcinoma cell line P19 (ECC), was used as the biological target for newly generated potential inhibitors of HKII. The results obtained from Virtual High-Throughput Screening (VHTS), molecular modeling and biological activity studies showed BDTA to be a promising leading structure with a good binding score and simplest functionalization...
December 25, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036262/interactive-role-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-female-sex-in-the-risk-of-cholangiocarcinoma-a-population-based-nested-case-control-study
#20
Yan-Jiun Huang, Alexander Th Wu, Hung-Yi Chiou, Ming-Tsang Chuang, Tzu-Ching Meng, Li-Nien Chien, Yun Yen
Diabetes mellitus (DM) has been associated with an increased risk of extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ECC) and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). However, the role of DM in a population with a lower incidence of ECC remains unclear. We investigated the role of DM and other risk factors for ECC and ICC by conducting a population-based, nested, case-control study in Taiwan, a region with a lower incidence but a higher proportion of ICC. We identified patients who received a diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma (CC) from the Taiwan Cancer Registry between 2003 and 2009...
January 24, 2017: Oncotarget
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