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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678435/prediction-of-patient-length-of-stay-on-the-intensive-care-unit-following-cardiac-surgery-a-logistic-regression-analysis-based-on-the-cardiac-operative-mortality-risk-calculator-euroscore
#1
Katherine Meadows, Richard Gibbens, Caroline Gerrard, Alain Vuylsteke
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a statistical model based on patient parameters to predict the length of stay (LOS) in the intensive care unit (ICU) following cardiac surgery in a single center. DESIGN: Data were collected from patients admitted to the ICU following cardiac surgery over a 10-year period (2006-2016). Both the additive and logistic EuroSCORE were calculated, and logistic regression analysis was carried out to formulate a model relating the predicted LOS to the EuroSCORE...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676943/impact-of-preoperative-thrombocytopenia-on-the-outcome-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#2
Wail Nammas, Magnus Dalén, Stefano Rosato, Riccardo Gherli, Daniel Reichart, Giuseppe Gatti, Francesco Onorati, Giuseppe Faggian, Marisa De Feo, Ciro Bancone, Sidney Chocron, Sorosh Khodabandeh, Giuseppe Santarpino, Antonino S Rubino, Daniele Maselli, Saverio Nardella, Antonio Salsano, Tiziano Gherli, Francesco Nicolini, Marco Zanobini, Matteo Saccocci, Karl Bounader, Paola D'Errigo, Tuomas Kiviniemi, Eeva-Maija Kinnunen, Andrea Perrotti, Juhani Airaksinen, Giovanni Mariscalco, Vito G Ruggieri, Fausto Biancari
The impact of thrombocytopenia on postoperative bleeding and other major adverse events after cardiac surgery is unclear. This issue was investigated in a series of patients who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) from the prospective, multicenter E-CABG registry. Preoperative thrombocytopenia was defined as preoperative platelet count <150 × 109 /L and it was considered moderate-severe when preoperative platelet count was <100 × 109 /L. Multilevel mixed-effects regression analysis was performed to adjust the effect of thrombocytopenia on outcomes for baseline and operative covariates as well as for interinstitutional differences in patient-blood management...
April 20, 2018: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670472/seasonal-incidence-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-and-its-features
#3
Enisa Hodzic, Semir Perla, Amer Iglica, Marina Vucijak
Introduction: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is one of the most common health problems in the world and the leading cause of death. Goal: The goals of this study are to determine: ACS type, risk factors, incidence and the seasonal distribution of occurrence Spring/Summer, Autumn/Winter, ACS incidence by age and gender, and complications (post-infarction angina and heart failure) and fatal outcomes of ACS per season. Material and methodology: This study is designed as retrospective-prospective and analytical, which included 250 patients hospitalized in the Intensive Cardiac care unit of the Clinic for heart disease, blood vessels and rheumatism in the period from June 2013 to July 2014...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663994/-predictive-value-of-early-phrase-echocardiography-and-cardiac-biological-markers-in-patients-with-severe-sepsis-a-five-year-single-center-retrospective-study
#4
Xuefeng Zang, Wei Chen, Bo Sheng, Lei Zhao, Xuyun Gu, Jie Zhen, Ping Liu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of early phrase echocardiography and cardiac biomarkers in patients with severe sepsis. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of severe septic patients (patients with acute coronary syndrome and end stage renal disease were excluded) in department of intensive care unit of Capital Medical University Affiliated Beijing Shijitan Hospital from January 2013 to December 2017 was conducted. The acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score, N-terminal prohormone of brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), cardiac troponin I (cTnI), myoglobin (MYO), creatine kinase (CK), MB isoenzyme of creatine kinase (CK-MB) within 6 hours after admission, and bedside echocardiography indexes [left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), the ratio of the peak blood flow velocity in the early stage of the mitral valve and the peak blood flow rate of the mitral valve (E/A ratio)] within 6 hours after diagnosis were recorded...
April 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663283/eeg-artifact-versus-subclinical-status-epilepticus-in-a-patient-following-cardiac-arrest
#5
Jean E Cibula, Daniel S Demos, Brenda G Fahy
BACKGROUND: A challenge in ICU EEG interpretation is identifying subclinical status epilepticus versus patterns on the ictal-interictal continuum versus other repetitive patterns. In the electrically noisy intensive care unit, identifying and eliminating interference and artifact allow accurate diagnoses from the EEG, avoiding unnecessary treatment or sedation. METHODS: We present a case during Impella (Abiomed Inc, Danvers, MA) continuous flow left ventricular assist device use where the EEG artifact was initially misinterpreted as seizure by the resident and treated as status epilepticus because of the "focal" sharply contoured repetitive pattern...
April 16, 2018: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660351/association-of-low-hemoglobin-with-symptomatic-venous-thromboembolism-in-acutely-ill-hospitalized-medical-patients-an-apex-trial-substudy
#6
Gerald Chi, C Michael Gibson, Adrian F Hernandez, Russell D Hull, Syed Hassan A Kazmi, Ahmed Younes, Sargun S Walia, Anmol Pitliya, Amandeep Singh, Farima Kahe, Arzu Kalayci, Tarek Nafee, Mathieu Kerneis, Fahad AlKhalfan, Alexander T Cohen, Robert A Harrington, Samuel Z Goldhaber
BACKGROUND: Anemia is a common finding and independent predictor for adverse outcomes in hospitalized patients with medical illness. It remains unclear whether anemia is a risk factor for venous thromboembolism and whether the presence of anemia can refine risk assessment for prediction of venous thromboembolism, thereby adding incremental utility to a validated model. METHODS: In the APEX trial, 7,513 hospitalized medical patients were randomized to receive either betrixaban or standard-of-care enoxaparin for thromboprophylaxis...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652280/relationship-between-maximum-clot-firmness-in-rotem-%C3%A2-and-postoperative-bleeding-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-in-patients-using-clopidogrel
#7
Rasoul Azarfarin, Fereidoon Noohi, Majid Kiavar, Ziae Totonchi, Avaz Heidarpour, Amir Hendiani, Zahra Sadat Koleini, Saeid Rahimi
Background: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between maximum clot firmness (MCF) in rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM® ) and postoperative bleeding in patients on clopidogrel after emergency coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). Methods: This observational study recruited 60 patients posted for emergency CABG following unsuccessful primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) while on 600 mg of clopidogrel. The study population was divided into 2 groups on the basis of their MCF in the extrinsically activated thromboelastometric (EXTEM) component of the (preoperative) ROTEM® test: patients with MCF <50 mm (n = 16) and those with MCF ≥50 mm (n = 44)...
April 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652278/effects-of-glargine-insulin-on-glycemic-control-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-ii-undergoing-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-graft
#8
Hemang Gandhi, Alpesh Sarvaia, Amber Malhotra, Himanshu Acharya, Komal Shah, Jeevraj Rajavat
Background: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus in patients requiring coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is noticeably high (20%-30%). These patients have inferior perioperative outcome, reduced long-term survival, and high risk of recurrent episodes of angina. To improve perioperative outcome surgical unit defined satisfactory glycemic control is desired during this period. Hence, the aim of our study is to compare the efficacy of glargine insulin combination with continuous human insulin infusion for perioperative glycemic control in patients with diabetes undergoing CABG...
April 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652272/comparison-of-immediate-extubation-versus-ultrafast-tracking-strategy-in-the-management-of-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#9
Amarja Sachin Nagre, Nagesh P Jambures
Introduction: Ultrafast tracking of anesthesia (UFTA) is practiced routinely, whereas immediate on-table extubation after off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) grafting surgery has many concerns. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of immediate extubation (IE) versus UFTA. Methods: Sixty patients were enrolled who underwent OPCAB surgery. The two groups IE and UFTA had thirty patients each. Inclusion criteria were patients for OPCAB surgery including left main stenosis...
April 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652271/prophylactic-preoperative-levosimendan-for-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-dysfunction-single-centered-randomized-prospective-study
#10
Pushkar Mahendra Desai, Manjula S Sarkar, Sanjeeta R Umbarkar
Background: Off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB) is often complicated by hemodynamic instability, especially in patients with prior left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and appropriate choice of inotrope plays a vital role in perioperative management of these patients. Aim and Objective: To study hemodynamic effects and immediate outcome of prophylactic infusion of levosimendan in patients with the LV dysfunction undergoing OPCAB surgery and whether this strategy helps in successful conduct of OPCAB surgery...
April 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628837/factors-affecting-reintubations-after-cardiac-and-thoracic-surgeries-in-cardiac-intensive-care-unit-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#11
Khalid Maudood Siddiqui, Khalid Samad, Faisal Jonejo, Muhammad Faisal Khan, Khalid Ahsan
Background: Reintubation and readmission after cardiothoracic surgeries are not uncommon, and its reasons are multifactorial. The study goal was to identify the factors that contribute reintubation after cardiac and thoracic surgery in tertiary care hospital and to compare the outcome with international benchmark. Methodology: A prospective, observational study was planned in Cardiac Intensive Care Unit (CICU). The study included all those patients who required readmission in CICU due to endotracheal intubation following cardiac and thoracic surgeries...
April 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628595/anesthesia-in-a-child-with-newly-diagnosed-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-for-placement-of-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator
#12
Rajnish Kumar, Bibha Kumari
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a genetic myocardial disease usually characterized by asymmetric ventricular septal hypertrophy. HCM is an important cause of sudden cardiac death in adolescents and young adults. We are presenting a case report, ten years boy came in emergency with sudden loss of consciousness (witness cardiac arrest). Child was revived after cardiopulmonary resuscitation and send to coronary care unit. Echocardiography findings were suggestive of HCM. There was history of sudden death of her mother and maternal uncle...
January 2018: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627994/the-prevalence-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-levels-and-treatment-of-patients-at-very-high-risk-of-cardiovascular-events-in-the-united-kingdom-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Mark D Danese, Eduard Sidelnikov, Lucie Kutikova
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of patients at very high risk of cardiovascular (CV) events in the United Kingdom (UK) and evaluate low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) values and treatment patterns in these patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used primary care data from UK electronic medical records in the Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) in 2013. Very high-risk patients were defined per European Society of Cardiology guidelines as those with hyperlipidemia (assessed by co-medication) and documented cardiovascular disease (CVD) or hyperlipidemia and type 2 diabetes (DM2) without CVD (DM2w/oCVD)...
April 9, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625869/the-effect-of-provision-of-information-on-serum-cortisol-in-patients-transferred-from-the-coronary-care-unit-to-the-general-ward-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Maryam Jamsahar, Elham Navab, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Mojdeh Navidhamidi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Patients' transfer from coronary care units to general wards is a main source of anxiety for patients. Transfer anxiety is due to either lack of patients' knowledge or inadequacy of transfer-related information to patients. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of provision of information on the serum cortisol level, as an indicator of anxiety, in patients transferred from the coronary care unit to the general ward. METHODS: This pretest-posttest randomised clinical trial was conducted on fifty patients transferred from coronary care units to general wards...
April 3, 2018: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622963/role-of-2d-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-in-predicting-acute-coronary-occlusion-in-patients-with-non-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#15
Viola William Keddeas, Salwa Mohammed Swelim, Ghada Kamel Selim
Background: A substantial fraction of patients with non ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome have an occluded culprit vessel on coronary angiography. Acute coronary occlusion often results in myocardial infarction and loss of systolic function. Identification of these patients may have considerable impact on treatment and prognosis. Aim: The study aims at investigating role of 2D speckle tracking echocardiography as a non-invasive predictor of acute coronary artery occlusion in patients with non ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction...
June 2017: The Egyptian heart journal: (EHJ): official bulletin of the Egyptian Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622145/burden-of-30-day-readmissions-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-833-344-patients-in-the-united-states-predictors-causes-and-cost-insights-from-the-nationwide-readmission-database
#16
Chun Shing Kwok, Sunil V Rao, Jessica E Potts, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Muhammad Rashid, Tim Kinnaird, Nick Curzen, James Nolan, Rodrigo Bagur, Mamas A Mamas
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the 30-day unplanned readmissions rate, predictors of readmission, causes of readmissions, and clinical impact of readmissions after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: Unplanned rehospitalizations following PCI carry significant burden to both patients and the local health care economy and are increasingly considered as an indicator of quality of care. METHODS: Patients undergoing PCI between 2013 and 2014 in the U...
April 9, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617497/opcabg-for-moderate-cimr-in-elderly-patients-a-superior-option
#17
Amber Malhotra, Chandrasekaran Ananthanarayanan, Vivek Wadhawa, Sumbul Siddiqui, Pranav Sharma, Kartik Patel, Komal Shah, Pratik Shah
OBJECTIVE: To compare the early and late outcomes of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting and coronary artery bypass graft + mitral valve repair in elderly patients with moderate chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation. METHODS: One hundred and fifty elderly (age > 70 years) patients with moderate chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation who underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (n=95) or coronary artery bypass graft + mitral valve repair (n=55) between January 2007 and December 2014 were studied...
January 2018: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617495/early-clinical-results-of-perceval-sutureless-aortic-valve-in-139-patients-freeman-experience
#18
Syed Saleem Mujtaba, Simon Ledingham, Asif Raza Shah, Stephen Clark, Thasee Pillay, Stephan Schueler
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the safety and performance of the Perceval sutureless valve in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement. We report the 30-day clinical outcomes of 139 patients. METHODS: From January 2014 to December 2016, 139 patients underwent sutureless aortic valve replacement. Their operation notes, National Adult Cardiac Surgery Database and perioperative transoesophageal echocardiography findings were studied retrospectively...
January 2018: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600543/speckle-tracking-analysis-in-intensive-care-unit-a-toy-or-a-tool
#19
REVIEW
Antonello D'Andrea, Juri Radmilovic, Donato Mele, Flavio D'Ascenzi, Eustachio Agricola, Andreina Carbone, Francesco Lo Iudice, Giuseppina Novo, Francesco Ancona, Francesca Maria Righini, Sergio Mondillo, Eduardo Bossone, Maurizio Galderisi
The use of conventional echocardiography in the intensive care unit (ICU) is today established to assess left and right ventricular systolic function, for preload determination and procedural guidance. Next step in ICU echocardiography could be the use of novel ultrasound techniques such as strain echocardiography to assist in the management of patients with acute coronary syndrome, heart failure, or pulmonary embolism. This review has gathered the available evidence supporting the incremental value of strain in the diagnostic workup of cardiac diseases treated in ICU...
March 30, 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599092/cardiorenal-syndrome-as-predictor-of-in-hospital-mortality-in-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#20
Ailed Elena Rodríguez-Jiménez, Tessa Negrín-Valdés, Hugo Cruz-Inerarity, Pedro Javier Machural-de la Torre
INTRODUCTION: Cardiorenal syndrome includes numerous conditions affecting the heart and kidney, and is a strong predictor of cardiovascular mortality. METHOD: An analysis was performed on 157 consecutive patients admitted to the Coronary Care Unit of the Camilo Cienfuegos Hospital due to an ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and heart failure, from January 2013 to December 2016. An analysis was made of the presence of cardiorenal syndrome and its relationship with epidemiological, clinical, and analytical variables, as well as complementary explorations...
March 26, 2018: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
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