keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Omega 3 fish oil

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816722/omega-3-fatty-acids-in-rheumatic-diseases-a-critical-review
#1
Umair Akbar, Melissa Yang, Divya Kurian, Chandra Mohan
Many clinical trials of omega-3 fatty acids, supplied as fish oil supplements, have been carried out in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), lupus nephritis, and osteoarthritis (OA) over the past 3 decades. This review attempts to summarize the highlights of these studies to evaluate the clinical efficacy for omega-3 fatty acids to be added alongside existing treatment regimens. A total of 20 clinical trials have been carried out in RA, of which 16 exhibited significant improvements in multiple disease clinical outcomes...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810616/single-blinded-randomized-and-controlled-clinical-trial-evaluating-the-effects-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-among-septic-patients-with-intestinal-dysfunction-a-pilot-study
#2
Huaisheng Chen, Wei Wang, Yingcai Hong, Huadong Zhang, Chengying Hong, Xueyan Liu
Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory reaction, which is aggravated by aspects of the immune response that are thought to be inhibited by Omega-3 fatty acids. The aim of the present study was to determine if Omega-3 fatty acid could modulate immunological function and improve survival rate among septic patients with intestinal dysfunction. A total of 48 mechanically ventilated patients with intestinal dysfunction were included in this prospective, randomized and single-blind clinical study. Patients were randomly divided into control (group A) and treatment groups (group B)...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805896/the-composition-of-dietary-fat-alters-the-transcriptional-profile-of-pathways-associated-with-lipid-metabolism-in-the-liver-and-adipose-tissue-in-the-pig
#3
T A Kellner, N K Gabler, J F Patience
The objective was to investigate the of effect chemical composition of dietary fat on transcription of genes involved in lipid metabolism in adipose tissue and the liver via transcriptional profiling in growing pigs. A total of 48 Genetiporc 6.0 × Genetiporc F25 (PIC, Inc., Hendersonville, TN) barrows (initial BW of 44.1 ± 1.2 kg) were randomly allotted to 1 of 6 dietary treatments. Each experimental diet included 95% of a corn-soybean meal basal diet and 5% cornstarch (control; CNTR), animal-vegetable blend (AV), coconut oil (COCO), corn oil (COIL), fish oil (FO), or tallow (TAL)...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800114/fatty-acid-profile-is-modulated-by-dietary-resveratrol-in-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#4
Claudia Torno, Stefanie Staats, Sonia de Pascual-Teresa, Gerald Rimbach, Carsten Schulz
To produce fish of a high quality that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 FA) and simultaneously generate more sustainable aquaculture, the combined use of phytochemicals and vegetable oils in fish feed seems to be a promising approach. Resveratrol (RV) potentially induces endogenous fatty acid synthesis, resulting in elevated n-3 FA levels in fish. RV putatively influences ∆6-desaturase, the key enzyme in FA metabolism, and serves as a ligand for PPARα, a transcription factor regulating β-oxidation. Rainbow trout (36...
August 11, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791297/vitamin-d-uptake-in-patients-treated-with-a-high-dosed-purified-omega-3-compound-in-a-randomized-clinical-trial-following-an-acute-myocardial-infarction
#5
Patrycja A Naesgaard, Heidi Grundt, Arne F Nordøy, Harry Staines, Dennis W T Nilsen
BACKGROUND: Fish is the natural dietary source of vitamin D. Reports on the influence of purified omega-3 fatty acids on its uptake are scarce. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the impact of a purified high-dose omega-3 compound compared to corn oil on 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels following an acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: 228 patients were randomized 1:1 to receive a daily dose of either 4 g omega-3 (OMACOR(®)) or an equal dose of corn oil, administered double-blindly for 12 months...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783061/impact-of-biological-feedback-and-incentives-on-blood-fatty-acid-concentrations-including-omega-3-index-in-an-employer-based-wellness-program
#6
Michael I McBurney, Julia K Bird
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n-3) are important fatty acids for the retina and brain. More than 95% of Americans have suboptimal EPA + DHA blood concentrations. This cross-sectional employer-based study assessed whole blood fatty acid levels of volunteers participating in an onsite wellness biometric screening program and was designed to determine if an incentive, a $5 coupon for a 90-day supply of fish oil supplement typically costing $18-30, stimulated incremental dietary behavior change relative to nutritional status assessment alone to increase EPA + DHA concentrations...
August 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770178/chemopreventive-and-chemotherapeutic-effects-of-fish-oil-derived-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-on-colon-carcinogenesis
#7
REVIEW
Ja Young Lee, Tae-Bu Sim, Jeong-Eun Lee, Hye-Kyung Na
Colorectal cancer is the third most common cause of cancer related death in the world. Multiple lines of evidence suggest that there is an association between consumption of dietary fat and colon cancer risk. Not only the amount but also the type and the ratio of fatty acids comprising dietary fats consumed have been implicated in the etiology and pathogenesis of colon cancer. Omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), have been known to inhibit development of colon cancer by downregulating the expression of genes involved in colon carcinogenesis and also by altering the membrane lipid composition...
July 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767202/effects-of-parenteral-fish-oil-on-plasma-nonesterified-fatty-acids-and-systemic-inflammatory-mediators-in-dogs-following-ovariohysterectomy
#8
Kaoru Tsuruta, Robert C Backus, Amy E DeClue, Kevin L Fritsche, Fred A Mann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of intravenous (IV) infusion of fish oil (FO) emulsion following ovariohysterectomy (OVH) on inflammatory mediators and plasma omega-3 nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) concentrations in dogs. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. ANIMALS: Twenty-nine privately owned dogs undergoing routine OVH. INTERVENTIONS: Postoperative 3-hour IV infusion of saline (n = 9), FO (Omegaven, n = 10), or soybean oil (SO, intralipid, n = 10) emulsion and blood collected before, 5 and 24 hours following OVH for plasma NEFA and RBC membrane fatty acids (FAs) concentrations, leukocyte cytokine production capacity, and C-reactive protein (CRP) measurement...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762000/production-of-%C3%AF-3-fatty-acids-in-marine-cyanobacterium-synechococcus-sp-strain-nkbg-15041c-via-genetic-engineering
#9
Tomoko Yoshino, Natsumi Kakunaka, Yue Liang, Yasuhito Ito, Yoshiaki Maeda, Tatsuhiro Nomaguchi, Tadashi Matsunaga, Tsuyoshi Tanaka
Omega-3 fatty acids (ω3 FAs) have attracted attention because they have various health benefits for humans. Fish oils are currently major sources of ω3 FAs, but a sustainable supply of ω3 FAs based on fish oils is problematic because of the increasing demand. In this study, the production potential of a genetically engineered marine cyanobacterium, Synechococcus sp. strain NKBG 15041c, was examined as an alternative source of ω3 FAs. A change in fatty acid composition of this cyanobacterium was successfully induced by the expression of a heterologous Δ6-desaturase, and the transformants synthesized stearidonic acid, which the wild type cannot produce...
August 1, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754005/can-early-omega-3-fatty-acid-exposure-reduce-risk-of-childhood-allergic-disease
#10
REVIEW
Elizabeth A Miles, Philip C Calder
A causal link between increased intake of omega-6 (n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and increased incidence of allergic disease has been suggested. This is supported by biologically plausible mechanisms, related to the roles of eicosanoid mediators produced from the n-6 PUFA arachidonic acid. Fish and fish oils are sources of long chain omega-3 (n-3) PUFAs. These fatty acids act to oppose the actions of n-6 PUFAs particularly with regard to eicosanoid synthesis. Thus, n-3 PUFAs may protect against allergic sensitisation and allergic manifestations...
July 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735828/investigation-of-dietary-supplements-prevalence-as-complementary-therapy-comparison-between-hospitalized-psoriasis-patients-and-non-psoriasis-patients-correlation-with-disease-severity-and-quality-of-life
#11
Hadis Yousefzadeh, Mahmoud Mahmoudi, Mahnaz Banihashemi, Maryam Rastin, Farahzad Jabbari Azad
OBJECTIVES: Psoriasis patients are often displeased with traditional medical treatments and they may self-prescribe dietary supplements as an alternative or complementary treatments. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of self-medication of dietary supplements among psoriasis and non-psoriasis cases and its impact on disease severity and quality of life. DESIGN AND SETTING: This case-control study evaluated 252 records of psoriasis patients and 245 non-psoriasis cases...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734043/enabling-reduction-of-low-grade-inflammation-in-seniors-pilot-study-concept-rationale-and-design
#12
Todd M Manini, Stephen D Anton, Daniel P Beavers, Jane A Cauley, Mark A Espeland, Roger A Fielding, Stephen B Kritchevsky, Christiaan Leeuwenburgh, Kristina H Lewis, Christine Liu, Mary M McDermott, Michael E Miller, Russell P Tracy, Jeremy D Walston, Barbara Radziszewska, Jane Lu, Cindy Stowe, Samuel Wu, Anne B Newman, Walter T Ambrosius, Marco Pahor
OBJECTIVES: To test two interventions to reduce interleukin (IL)-6 levels, an indicator of low-grade chronic inflammation and an independent risk factor for impaired mobility and slow walking speed in older adults. DESIGN: The ENabling Reduction of low-Grade Inflammation in SEniors (ENRGISE) Pilot Study was a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized pilot trial of two interventions to reduce IL-6 levels. SETTING: Five university-based research centers...
July 22, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721583/microbial-and-genetically-engineered-oils-as-replacements-for-fish-oil-in-aquaculture-feeds
#13
REVIEW
M Sprague, M B Betancor, D R Tocher
As the global population grows more of our fish and seafood are being farmed. Fish are the main dietary source of the omega-3 (n-3) long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA), eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acids, but these cannot be produced in sufficient quantities as are now required for human health. Farmed fish have traditionally been fed a diet consisting of fishmeal and fish oil, rich in n-3 LC-PUFA. However, the increase in global aquaculture production has resulted in these finite and limited marine ingredients being replaced with sustainable alternatives of terrestrial origin that are devoid of n-3 LC-PUFA...
July 18, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712532/influence-of-different-intravenous-lipid-emulsions-on-growth-development-and-laboratory-and-clinical-outcomes-in-hospitalised-paediatric-patients-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Roy-Rosshan Edward, Jacqueline K Innes, Luise V Marino, Philip C Calder
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Fats in the form of lipid emulsions (LEs) are an integral part of intravenous nutrition. The fatty acid composition of different LEs varies. The exact composition of a LE may influence cell and tissue function and clinical outcome. Currently, it is not clear which LE might be best for paediatric patients. We conducted a systematic review of the effects of different intravenous LEs in hospitalised paediatric patients. METHODS: Randomised controlled trials published in a peer reviewed journal, written in the English language, and comparing two or more different intravenous LEs in hospitalised paediatric patients were included...
July 8, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710179/omega-3-fatty-acids-fish-oil-supplementation-and-albuminuria-not-a-slam-dunk
#15
EDITORIAL
Sankar D Navaneethan, Salim S Virani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708503/effect-of-dietary-supplementation-of-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-pufa-rich-fish-oil-on-reproductive-performance-of-the-goat-capra-hircus
#16
Ajit Singh Mahla, Ravjibhai K Chaudhari, Atul Kumar Verma, Amit Kumar Singh, Sanjay Kumar Singh, Gyanendra Singh, Mihir Sarkar, Narayan Dutta, Harendra Kumar, Narayanan Krishnaswamy
Dietary supplementation of n-3 PUFA decreases the luteolytic PGF2α and improves the pregnancy rate in the dairy cow. However, its effect in the goat is not known. Accordingly, we studied the effect of supplementation of n-3 PUFA rich Fish oil (FO) on different reproductive events in the goat. Cycling goats (n = 30) were divided into two equal groups and fed an isocaloric and isonitrogenous diet supplemented with either FO (TRT; n = 15) or palm oil (PO) (CON; n = 15) @ 0.6 mL/kg body weight for 72 days during the breeding season...
May 26, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707491/the-effect-of-omega-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-on-premenstrual-syndrome-and-health-related-quality-of-life-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Samira Behboudi-Gandevani, Fatemeh-Zahra Hariri, Lida Moghaddam-Banaem
INTRODUCTION: Most reproductive aged women suffer from somatic and mental disorders prior to menstruation. This study investigated whether omega-3 supplement improved premenstrual symptoms and health-related quality of life among reproductive aged women. METHODS: A multi-center, balanced (1:1), placebo-controlled, parallel-group randomized clinical trial was conducted in an urban academic institution. A sample consisting of 95 Iranian women aged 20-35 years who were suffering from premenstrual symptoms were randomly allocated into two groups...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690672/emulsified-omega-3-fatty-acids-modulate-the-symptoms-of-depressive-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#18
Jana Trebatická, Zuzana Hradečná, František Böhmer, Magdaléna Vaváková, Iveta Waczulíková, Iveta Garaiova, Ján Luha, Igor Škodáček, Ján Šuba, Zdeňka Ďuračková
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of mood disorders in children is a growing global concern. Omega-3 fatty acids (FA) are emerging as a promising adjuvant therapy for depressive disorder (DD) in paediatric patients. The primary objective of this pilot, single-centre, randomized, double-blind controlled study was to compare the efficacy of an Omega-3 FA fish oil emulsion with a control oil emulsion alongside standard treatment for depressive symptoms in children and adolescents suffering from depressive disorder (DD) and mixed anxiety depressive disorder (MADD)...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673352/fish-oil-supplementation-and-insulin-sensitivity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Huanqing Gao, Tingting Geng, Tao Huang, Qinghua Zhao
BACKGROUND: Fish oil supplementation has been shown to be associated with a lower risk of metabolic syndrome and benefit a wide range of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and several types of cancers. However, the evidence of fish oil supplementation on glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity is still controversial. This meta-analysis summarized the exist evidence of the relationship between fish oil supplementation and insulin sensitivity and aimed to evaluate whether fish oil supplementation could improve insulin sensitivity...
July 3, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667579/the-impact-of-fish-oil-and-wheat-germ-oil-combination-on-mineral-bone-and-inflammatory-markers-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#20
Hadeer Zakaria, Tarek M Mostafa, Gamal A El-Azab, Ahmed M Abd El Wahab, Heba Elshahawy, Nagy Ah Sayed-Ahmed
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the impact of combined supplementation of fish oil (FO) with antioxidants like wheat germ oil (WGO) on mineral-bone and inflammatory markers in maintenance HD patients. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial involved 46 HD patients who were randomly assigned into two groups to receive daily 3000 mg of FO [1053 mg omega-3 fatty acids (ω-3 FAs)] plus 300 mg of WGO [0.765 mg vitamin E] or placebo for 4 months...
June 30, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
keyword
keyword
18130
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"