keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Omega 3 fish oil

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927057/role-of-diet-and-food-intake-in-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Naoko A Chapman, Robert J Jacobs, Andrea J Braakhuis
A systematic literature review was conducted to evaluate the role of diet and food intake in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Eighteen high-quality studies were identified. Adherence to a Mediterranean diet had decreased risk of AMD progression. An Oriental diet pattern had decreased association with AMD prevalence, whereas a Western diet pattern had increased association with AMD prevalence. High consumption of vegetables rich in carotenoids, and fatty fish containing omega-3 fatty acids was beneficial for those at risk of AMD...
June 21, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908038/the-effect-of-dietary-corn-oil-and-fish-oil-supplementation-in-dogs-with-naturally-occurring-gingivitis
#2
Ana L Lourenço, Henriette E Booij-Vrieling, Carmen B Vossebeld, António Neves, Carlos Viegas, Ronald J Corbee
The aim of this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study was to evaluate if downregulation of the inflammatory response due to ingestion of high levels of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) can slow down gingivitis development, and thus delay the progression of periodontal disease (PD) in dogs. To this aim, 44 client-owned adult dogs (>1 and <8 years old) with naturally occurring PD (stages 1 and 2) were submitted to a plaque, gingivitis and calculus scoring followed by a dental cleaning procedure and collection of blood samples...
June 16, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880270/enriched-brain-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-confer-neuroprotection-against-microinfarction
#3
Chuanming Luo, Huixia Ren, Xiaoli Yao, Zhe Shi, Fengyin Liang, Jing X Kang, Jian-Bo Wan, Zhong Pei, Kuan-Pin Su, Huanxing Su
Cerebral microinfarcts have significant effects on the development of geriatric neurological disorders, including vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease. However, little is known about the pathophysiological mechanisms involved in the evolution of microinfarcts and potential treatment and prevention against these microvascular ischemic lesions. In the present study, the "single cortical microinfarct model" generated via occluding a penetrating arteriole by femtosecond laser ablation and the "multiple diffuse microinfarcts model" induced by unilateral injection of cholesterol crystals through the internal carotid artery were established to investigate the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the evolution of microinfarcts and the effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs) on alleviating microinfarct burdens and functional deficits...
June 4, 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870875/fish-oil-ameliorates-sickness-behavior-induced-by-lipopolysaccharide-in-aged-mice-through-the-modulation-of-kynurenine-pathway
#4
Marcelo Gomes de Gomes, Leandro Cattelan Souza, André Rossito Goes, Lucian Del Fabbro, Carlos Borges Filho, Franciele Donato, Marina Prigol, Cristiane Luchese, Silvane Souza Roman, Robson Luiz Puntel, Silvana Peterini Boeira, Cristiano Ricardo Jesse
Sickness behavior is an expression of a central motivational state triggered by activation of the immune system, being considered a strategy of the organism to fight infection. Sickness behavior is induced by peripheral administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). LPS can increase the levels of proinflammatory cytokines, which induce the activation of the kynurenine pathway (KP) and behavioral alterations. Previous studies have shown that omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) has anti-inflammatory properties...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859385/the-influences-of-vitamin-d-and-omega-3-co-supplementation-on-clinical-metabolic-and-genetic-parameters-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#5
Mehri Jamilian, Mansooreh Samimi, Naghmeh Mirhosseini, Faraneh Afshar Ebrahimi, Esmat Aghadavod, Rezavan Talaee, Sadegh Jafarnejad, Shahrzad Hashemi Dizaji, Zatollah Asemi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the co-administration of vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acid on clinical, metabolic and genetic parameters in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: This randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted on 60 subjects, aged 18-40 years old with PCOS. Subjects were randomly allocated to take either 50,000 IU vitamin D every 2 weeks plus 2000 mg/day omega-3 fatty acid from fish oil (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) for 12 weeks...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792954/increased-brain-docosahexaenoic-acid-has-no-effect-on-the-resolution-of-neuroinflammation-following-intracerebroventricular-lipopolysaccharide-injection
#6
Marc-Olivier Trépanier, Kathryn E Hopperton, Vanessa Giuliano, Mojgan Masoodi, Richard P Bazinet
Resolution of inflammation in the periphery was once thought to be a passive process, but new research now suggests it is an active process mediated by specialized pro-resolving lipid mediators (SPM) derived from omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA). However, this has yet to be illustrated in neuroinflammation. The purpose of this study was to measure resolution of neuroinflammation and to test whether increasing brain docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) affects the resolution of neuroinflammation. C57Bl/6 mice, fat-1 mice and their wildtype littermates, fed either fish oil or safflower oil, received lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the left lateral ventricle...
May 21, 2018: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783628/is-3-carboxy-4-methyl-5-propyl-2-furanpropionate-cmpf-a-clinically-relevant-uremic-toxin-in-haemodialysis-patients
#7
Mathilde Luce, Anais Bouchara, Myriam Pastural, Samuel Granjon, Jean Christophe Szelag, Maurice Laville, Walid Arkouche, Denis Fouque, Christophe O Soulage, Laetitia Koppe
3-Carboxy-4-methyl-5-propyl-2-furanpropionate (CMPF) is a metabolite of furan fatty acid and a marker of fish oil intake. CMPF is described as a protein-bound uremic toxin and interacts with free oxygen radicals, which can induce cell damages. However, the clinical consequences of CMPF accumulation in haemodialysis patients remain poorly documented. The aims of this study are to investigate potential association between CMPF levels and (i) biochemical and nutritional parameters; (ii) cardiovascular events and (iii) mortality...
May 18, 2018: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773586/seafood-long-chain-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-science-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association
#8
REVIEW
Eric B Rimm, Lawrence J Appel, Stephanie E Chiuve, Luc Djoussé, Mary B Engler, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Dariush Mozaffarian, David S Siscovick, Alice H Lichtenstein
Since the 2002 American Heart Association scientific statement "Fish Consumption, Fish Oil, Omega-3 Fatty Acids, and Cardiovascular Disease," evidence from observational and experimental studies and from randomized controlled trials continues to emerge to further substantiate the beneficial effects of seafood long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and cardiovascular disease. A recent American Heart Association science advisory addressed the specific effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation on clinical cardiovascular events...
May 17, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766417/the-fto-gene-is-associated-with-growth-and-omega-3-6-ratio-in-asian-seabass
#9
Fei Sun, Rongjian Tu, Jun Hong Xia, Xiao Jun Liu, Gen Hua Yue
Polymorphisms in the FTO gene are associated with obesity and body mass index in humans and livestock. Little information of whether FTO plays an important role in aquaculture fish species is available. We cloned and characterized the FTO gene in an economically important food fish species: Asian seabass (Lates calcarifer). The full-length cDNA of the gene is 3679 bp, containing an ORF of 1935 bp encoding 644 amino acids, a 216 bp 5' UTR and a 1538 bp 3' UTR. The gene consisted of nine exons and eight introns and was 117,679 bp in length...
May 16, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752697/biofortification-of-safflower-an-oil-seed-crop-engineered-for-ala-targeting-better-sustainability-and-plant-based-omega-3-fatty-acids
#10
Arti Rani, Asha Panwar, Manjary Sathe, Karunakara Alageri Chandrashekhara, Anil Kush
Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) deficiency and a skewed n6:n3 fatty acid ratio in the diet is a major explanation for the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and inflammatory/autoimmune diseases. There is mounting evidence of the health benefits associated with omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC PUFA's). Although present in abundance in fish, a number of factors limit our consumption of fish based omega-3 PUFA's. To name a few, overexploitation of wild fish stocks has reduced their sustainability due to increased demand of aquaculture for fish oil and meal; the pollution of marine food webs has raised concerns over the ingestion of toxic substances such as heavy metals and dioxins; vegetarians do not consider fish-based sources for supplemental nutrition...
May 11, 2018: Transgenic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750884/nutritional-intervention-as-an-essential-part-of-multiple-sclerosis-treatment
#11
A Penesová, Z Dean, B Kollár, A Havranová, R Imrich, M Vlček, Ž Rádiková
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory and demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. In addition to the genetic, epigenetic and immunological components, various other factors e.g. unhealthy dietary habits play a role in the MS pathogenesis. Dietary intervention is a highly appealing approach, as it presents a simple and relatively low risk method to potentially improve outcomes in patients with brain disorders in order to achieve remission and improvement of clinical status, well-being and life expectancy of patients with MS...
May 10, 2018: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728888/omega-3-fatty-acids-attenuate-brain-alterations-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-model
#12
Aline Haas de Mello, Rosiane de Bona Schraiber, Mariana Pereira de Souza Goldim, Michelle Lima Garcez, Maria Luiza Gomes, Gustavo de Bem Silveira, Rubya Pereira Zaccaron, Patrícia Fernanda Schuck, Josiane Budni, Paulo Cesar Lock Silveira, Fabricia Petronilho, Gislaine Tezza Rezin
This study evaluated the effects of omega-3 on inflammation, oxidative stress, and energy metabolism parameters in the brain of mice subjected to high-fat diet-induced obesity model. Body weight and visceral fat weight were evaluated as well. Male Swiss mice were divided into control (purified low-fat diet) and obese (purified high-fat diet). After 6 weeks, the groups were divided into control + saline, control + omega-3, obese + saline, and obese + OMEGA-3. Fish oil (400 mg/kg/day) or saline solution was administrated orally, during 4 weeks...
May 4, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725824/a-low-fat-spread-with-added-plant-sterols-and-fish-omega-3-fatty-acids-lowers-serum-triglyceride-and-ldl-cholesterol-concentrations-in-individuals-with-modest-hypercholesterolaemia-and-hypertriglyceridaemia
#13
Wendy A M Blom, Wieneke P Koppenol, Harry Hiemstra, Tatjana Stojakovic, Hubert Scharnagl, Elke A Trautwein
PURPOSE: The primary and secondary objectives were to investigate the triglyceride (TG) and LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) lowering effects of a spread with added plant sterols (PS) and fish oil as compared to a placebo spread. METHODS: This study had a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel group design with two intervention arms. Following a 2-week placebo run-in period, 260 healthy individuals with modestly elevated blood TG (≥ 1.4 mmol/L) and LDL-C (≥ 3...
May 3, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720078/genetic-effects-of-fatty-acid-composition-in-muscle-of-atlantic-salmon
#14
Siri S Horn, Bente Ruyter, Theo H E Meuwissen, Borghild Hillestad, Anna K Sonesson
BACKGROUND: The replacement of fish oil (FO) and fishmeal with plant ingredients in the diet of farmed Atlantic salmon has resulted in reduced levels of the health-promoting long-chain polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFA) eicosapentaenoic (EPA; 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n-3) in their filets. Previous studies showed the potential of selective breeding to increase n-3 LC-PUFA levels in salmon tissues, but knowledge on the genetic parameters for individual muscle fatty acids (FA) and their relationships with other traits is still lacking...
May 2, 2018: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710835/eicosahexanoic-acid-epa-and-docosahexanoic-acid-dha-in-muscle-damage-and-function
#15
REVIEW
Eisuke Ochi, Yosuke Tsuchiya
Nutritional supplementation not only helps in improving and maintaining performance in sports and exercise, but also contributes in reducing exercise fatigue and in recovery from exhaustion. Fish oil contains large amounts of omega-3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5 n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6 n-3). It is widely known that omega-3 fatty acids are effective for improving cardiac function, depression, cognitive function, and blood as well as lowering blood pressure. In the relationship between omega-3 fatty acids and exercise performance, previous studies have been predicted improved endurance performance, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory responses, and effectivity against delayed-onset muscle soreness...
April 29, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703528/replication-of-a-gene-diet-interaction-at-cd36-nos3-and-pparg-in-response-to-omega-3-fatty-acid-supplements-on-blood-lipids-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Ju-Sheng Zheng, Jiewen Chen, Ling Wang, Hong Yang, Ling Fang, Ying Yu, Liping Yuan, Jueping Feng, Kelei Li, Jun Tang, Mei Lin, Chao-Qiang Lai, Duo Li
BACKGROUND: Modulation of genetic variants on the effect of omega-3 fatty acid supplements on blood lipids is still unclear. METHODS: In a double-blind randomized controlled trial, 150 patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) were randomized into omega-3 fatty acid group (n = 56 for fish oil and 44 for flaxseed oil) and control group (n = 50) for 180 days. All patients were genotyped for genetic variants at CD36 (rs1527483), NOS3 (rs1799983) and PPARG (rs1801282)...
May 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684218/what-is-the-evidence-for-a-role-for-diet-and-nutrition-in-osteoarthritis
#17
REVIEW
Sally Thomas, Heather Browne, Ali Mobasheri, Margaret P Rayman
As current treatment options in OA are very limited, OA patients would benefit greatly from some ability to self-manage their condition. Since diet may potentially affect OA, we reviewed the literature on the relationship between nutrition and OA risk or progression, aiming to provide guidance for clinicians. For overweight/obese patients, weight reduction, ideally incorporating exercise, is paramount. The association between metabolic syndrome, type-2 diabetes and OA risk or progression may partly explain the apparent benefit of dietary-lipid modification resulting from increased consumption of long-chain omega-3 fatty-acids from oily fish/fish oil supplements...
May 1, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674850/effect-of-dietary-oils-on-peripheral-neuropathy-related-endpoints-in-dietary-obese-rats
#18
Lawrence Coppey, Eric Davidson, Hanna Shevalye, Michael E Torres, Mark A Yorek
Purpose: This study aimed to determine the effect of dietary oils (olive, safflower, evening primrose, flaxseed, or menhaden) enriched in different mono unsaturated fatty acids or polyunsaturated fatty acids on peripheral neuropathies in diet-induced obese Sprague-Dawley rats. Materials and methods: Rats at 12 weeks of age were fed a high-fat diet (45% kcal) for 16 weeks. Afterward, the rats were fed diets with 50% of the kilocalories of fat derived from lard replaced by the different dietary oils...
2018: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673917/influence-of-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-from-fish-oil-or-meal-on-the-structure-of-lipid-microdomains-in-bovine-luteal-cells
#19
M R Plewes, P D Burns, P E Graham, J E Bruemmer, T E Engle
Biological membranes are composed of a lipid bilayer and proteins that form lipid microdomains. This study examined the effects of fish byproducts on lipid-protein interactions within lipid microdomains of bovine luteal cells. In Exp. 1 and 2, luteal cells were prepared from corpora lutea (CL; n = 4 to 8) collected at an abattoir. Exp. 1 was conducted to optimize ultrasonication in a detergent-free protocol for isolation of lipid microdomains. A power setting of 10 to 20% was effective in isolating lipid microdomains from bulk lipid...
June 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673542/maternal-nutritional-supplementation-with-fish-oil-and-or-leucine-improves-hepatic-function-and-antioxidant-defenses-and-minimizes-cachexia-indexes-in-walker-256-tumor-bearing-rats-offspring
#20
Natália Angelo da Silva Miyaguti, Sarah Christine Pereira de Oliveira, Maria Cristina Cintra Gomes-Marcondes
In this study, we hypothesized that throughout the pregnancy/weaning period, nutritional supplementation with leucine (which improves protein synthesis) and/or fish oil (rich in omega-3, which modulates oxidative stress) can minimize/improve cachexia-induced damage in rat offspring. Thus, we investigated the maternal supplementation with these nutrients over the modulation of cachexia index and liver function in tumor-bearing rats offspring. Pregnant rats were fed control, leucine, omega-3, and leucine/omega-3 diets, which were given throughout the gestational and weaning periods...
March 2018: Nutrition Research
keyword
keyword
18130
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"