Read by QxMD icon Read


Karina Di Gregoli, Nur Najmi Mohamad Anuar, Rosaria Bianco, Stephen J White, Andrew C Newby, Sarah J George, Jason L Johnson
RATIONALE: Atherosclerosis and aneurysms are leading causes of mortality worldwide. MicroRNAs (miRs) are key determinants of gene and protein expression, and atypical miR expression has been associated with a number of cardiovascular diseases; although their contributory role to atherosclerotic plaque and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) stability are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether miR-181b regulates TIMP-3 expression and affects atherosclerosis and aneurysms Methods and Results: Here, we demonstrate that miR-181b was over-expressed in symptomatic human atherosclerotic plaques and abdominal aortic aneurysms, and correlated with decreased expression of predicted miR-181b targets, TIMP-3 and elastin...
October 18, 2016: Circulation Research
Tian-Hui An, Quan-Wei He, Yuan-Peng Xia, Sheng-Cai Chen, Suraj Baral, Ling Mao, Hui-Juan Jin, Ya-Nan Li, Meng-Die Wang, Jian-Guo Chen, Ling-Qiang Zhu, Bo Hu
Atherosclerotic plaque vulnerability is the major cause for acute stroke and could be regulated by macrophage polarization. MicroRNA-181b (miR-181b) was involved in macrophage differential. Here, we explore whether miR-181b could regulate atherosclerotic plaque vulnerability by modulating macrophage polarization and the underline mechanisms. In acute stroke patients with atherosclerotic plaque, we found that the serum level of miR-181b was decreased. Eight-week apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE(-/-)) mice were randomly divided into three groups (N = 10): mice fed with normal saline (Ctrl), mice fed with high-fat diet, and tail vein injection with miRNA agomir negative control (AG-NC)/miR-181b agomir (181b-AG, a synthetic miR-181b agonist)...
October 8, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Yanqing Liu, Uzair-Ur-Rehman, Yu Guo, Hongwei Liang, Rongjie Cheng, Fei Yang, Yeting Hong, Chihao Zhao, Minghui Liu, Mengchao Yu, Xinyan Zhou, Kai Yin, Jiangning Chen, Junfeng Zhang, Chen-Yu Zhang, Feng Zhi, Xi Chen
Programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) is a RNA-binding protein that acts as a tumor suppressor in many cancer types, including colorectal cancer (CRC). During CRC carcinogenesis, PDCD4 protein levels remarkably decrease, but the underlying molecular mechanism for decreased PDCD4 expression is not fully understood. In this study, we performed bioinformatics analysis to identify miRNAs that potentially target PDCD4. We demonstrated miR-181b as a direct regulator of PDCD4. We further showed that activation of IL6/STAT3 signaling pathway increased miR-181b expression and consequently resulted in downregulation of PDCD4 in CRC cells...
October 2016: Protein & Cell
Xiaomin Liu, Lijing Hou, Weiwei Huang, Yuan Gao, Xin Lv, Jiyou Tang
OBJECTIVE: lncRNAs are recently thought to play a significant role in cellular homeostasis during pathological process of diseases by competing inhibiting miRNA function. The aim of present study was to assess the function of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) MEG3 and its functional interaction with microRNA-181b in cerebral ischemic infarct of mice and hypoxia-induced neurons apoptosis. METHODS: To address this question, we performed the experiments with in vivo middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) mice model and in vitro oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-cultured neuronal HT22 cell line...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Cheng Feng, Ming Bai, Nan-Ze Yu, Xiao-Jun Wang, Zeng Liu
Our study aims to explore the role of microRNA-181b (miR-181b) and TLR in the regulation of cell proliferation of human epidermal keratinocytes (HEKs) in psoriasis. Twenty-eight patients diagnosed with psoriasis vulgaris were selected as a case group with their lesional and non-lesional skin tissues collected. A control group consisted of 20 patients who underwent plastic surgery with their healthy skin tissues collected. Real-time quantitative fluorescence polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the expressions of miR-181b and TLR4 in HEKs of healthy skin, psoriatic lesional skin and non-lesional skin respectively...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Zhi Chen, HuaiPing Shi, Shuang Sun, HuiFen Xu, DuoYao Cao, Jun Luo
Milk fat metabolism is a complex procedure controlled by several factors. MiRNAs (microRNAs) regulate expression of genes and influence a series of biological procedures, such as fatty acid metabolism. Here we screened expression of goat mammary gland's miRNA during peak-lactation and late-lactation, and found that miR-181b expresses remarkably. Moreover, we illustrated that the over-expression of miR-181b impaired fat metabolism while the knockdown of miR-181b promoted fat metabolism in GMEC. These findings extend the discovery of miR-181b functioning in mediating adipocyte differentiation, by suggesting its role in impairing fat metabolism, which develops our cognition on the importance of miRNAs in milk fat metabolism and synthesis...
October 15, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
Fujun Yu, Zhongqiu Lu, Bicheng Chen, Peihong Dong, Jianjian Zheng
Previously, we found that long intergenic noncoding RNA-p21 (lincRNA-p21) inhibits hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation and liver fibrosis via p21. However, the underlying mechanism of the antifibrotic role of lincRNA-p21 in liver fibrosis remains largely unknown. Here, we found that lincRNA-p21 expression was significantly downregulated during liver fibrosis. In LX-2 cells, the reduction of lincRNA-p21 induced by TGF-β1 was in a dose- and time-dependent manner. lincRNA-p21 expression was reduced in liver tissues from patients with liver cirrhosis when compared with that of healthy controls...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
A P Wingo, L M Almli, J S Stevens, T Jovanovic, T S Wingo, G Tharp, Y Li, A Lori, M Briscione, P Jin, E B Binder, B Bradley, G Gibson, K J Ressler
Positive affect denotes a state of pleasurable engagement with the environment eliciting positive emotion such as contentment, enthusiasm or happiness. Positive affect is associated with favorable psychological, physical and economic outcomes in many longitudinal studies. With a heritability of ⩽64%, positive affect is substantially influenced by genetic factors; however, our understanding of genetic pathways underlying individual differences in positive affect is still limited. Here, through a genome-wide association study of positive affect in African-American participants, we identify a single-nucleotide polymorphism, rs322931, significantly associated with positive affect at P<5 × 10(-8), and replicate this association in another cohort...
September 6, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
Huseyin Alacam, Sakir Akgun, Hakan Akca, Onder Ozturk, Burge Basay Kabukcu, Hasan Herken
The aim of the study was to determine the differences between expression levels of certain miRNAs, as their association with schizophrenia has been well presented in the literature, and to investigate their relation to treatment resistance in schizophrenic patients. Three groups were formed: 1) treatment-resistant group, 2) treatment responsive group and 3) healthy control group. Expression levels of miRNAs from peripheric blood samples were determined by real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR)...
November 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Safieh Ebrahimi, Faezeh Ghasemi, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian, Soodabeh Shahidsales, Ramin Mardani, Hamed Akbarzade, Seyed Mohammad Reza Parizadeh, Sharareh Gholamin, Anvar Soleimani, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Amir Avan
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is an aggressive malignancy with a very poor prognosis, and excessive resistance to chemotherapy. MicroRNAs have been shown to play important roles in PDAC oncogenesis as they can act as both oncogenes and tumor suppressor molecules. Altered expression of specific microRNAs in PDAC has diagnostic and prognostic implications. There is growing body of evidence showing the important role of miR-486-5p and miR-938 for discrimination of PDAC patients from healthy subjects and those with chronic pancreatitis...
August 16, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
M N Zeng, W L Ma, W L Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To reveal the involvement of molecules in the pathogenesis of B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) by bioinformatics analyses. METHODS: The microarray data of B-ALL were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and Qlucore Omics Explorer software was used to screen differentially expressed miRNA. Based on the differentially expressed miRNAs, we predicted the target genes, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) and transcription factors (TFs)...
July 2016: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
Zhi-Yuan Deng, Yue-Hong Wang, Hong-Zhi Quan, Ou-Sheng Liu, Yi-Ping Li, Yuan Li, Wu Zhu, Krishna Munnee, Zhan-Gui Tang
Abnormal expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) is involved in the development of and anti‑apoptotic effects in various types of human cancer. However, miRNA‑mediated regulation of oral verrucous carcinoma (OVC) remains to be elucidated. The present study aimed to investigate the expression of miR‑181b in OVC and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The expression levels of miR‑181b were determined using reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The expression levels of B‑cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl‑2) and leucine rich repeats and immunoglobulin like domains 1 (LRIG1), were evaluated using immunohistochemical staining...
October 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
L M Saleh, W Wang, S E M Herman, N S Saba, V Anastas, E Barber, M Corrigan-Cummins, M Farooqui, C Sun, S M Sarasua, Z Zhao, N K Abousamra, O Elbaz, H A Abdelghaffar, A Wiestner, K R Calvo
The lymph node (LN) is the site of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cell activation and proliferation. Aberrant microRNA (miRNA) expression has been shown to have a role in CLL pathogenesis; however, a comparison of miRNA expression between CLL cells in the LN and the peripheral blood (PB) has previously not been reported. On the basis of the analysis of 17 paired LN and PB samples from CLL patients, we identify a panel of miRNAs that are increased in LN CLL cells correlating with an activation phenotype...
July 19, 2016: Leukemia: Official Journal of the Leukemia Society of America, Leukemia Research Fund, U.K
Clara McClure, Melissa B McPeak, Dima Youssef, Zhi Q Yao, Charles E McCall, Mohamed El Gazzar
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) increase late sepsis immunosuppression and mortality in mice. We reported that microRNA (miR) 21 and miR-181b expression in Gr1(+)CD11b(+) myeloid progenitors increase septic MDSCs in mice by arresting macrophage and dendritic cell differentiation. Here, we report how sepsis regulates miR-21 and miR-181b transcription. In vivo and in vitro binding studies have shown that C/EBPα transcription factor, which promotes normal myeloid cell differentiation, binds both miRNA promoters in Gr1(+)CD11b(+) cells from sham mice...
July 19, 2016: Immunology and Cell Biology
Qi Zhou, Xiao Zheng, Lujun Chen, Bin Xu, Xin Yang, Jingting Jiang, Changping Wu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) plays a major role in tumorigenesis. MicroRNA-181b (miRNA-181b) is a multifaceted miRNA that has been implicated in many cellular processes such as cell fate determination and cellular invasion. This study aimed to confirm the relationship of miRNA-181b and the TGF-β-Smad2/3/4 pathway with the induction of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in gastric cancer. METHODS: This study investigated the ability of TGF-β to induce migration by wound healing and transwell invasion assays in human gastric cancer cell lines...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Liang-Qing Li, Yang Yang, Hui Chen, Lin Zhang, Dun Pan, Wen-Jun Xie
Cancer cells usually utilize glucose as a carbon source for aerobic glycolysis, which is named as ``Warburg effect''. Recent studies have shown that MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a class of short and non-coding RNAs, play a role in the regulation of metabolic reprograming in cancer cells. In the present study, we report that miR-181b negatively regulates glycolysis in gastric cancer cells. Over-expression of miR-181b mimics reduces the glucose uptake and lactate production, while increasing the cellular ATP levels in NCI-N87 and MGC80-3 cells...
June 7, 2016: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
Jibin Lin, Shaolin He, Xinghui Sun, Gregory Franck, Yihuan Deng, Dafeng Yang, Stefan Haemmig, A K M Wara, Basak Icli, Dazhu Li, Mark W Feinberg
Thrombogenic and inflammatory mediators, such as thrombin, induce NF-κB-mediated endothelial cell (EC) activation and dysfunction, which contribute to pathogenesis of arterial thrombosis. The role of anti-inflammatory microRNA-181b (miR-181b) on thrombosis remains unknown. Our previous study demonstrated that miR-181b inhibits downstream NF-κB signaling in response to TNF-α. Here, we demonstrate that miR-181b uniquely inhibits upstream NF-κB signaling in response to thrombin. Overexpression of miR-181b inhibited thrombin-induced activation of NF-κB signaling, demonstrated by reduction of phospho-IKK-β, -IκB-α, and p65 nuclear translocation in ECs...
September 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Fei Tian, Yanting Shen, Zhenzhu Chen, Rui Li, Jiafeng Lu, Qinyu Ge
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in China. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the major type of lung cancer. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to characterize the expression profiles of miRNAs in serum and tissue of NSCLC at the same time, and to find more accurate relationship of miRNAs between serum and tissue. Furthermore, we intended to find more biomarkers of miRNAs in NSCLC samples. METHODS: In this study, the miRNAs were sequenced in 18 paired serum and 18 paired tissue samples...
October 15, 2016: Gene
Hui Cai, Jiping Xu, Yifang Han, Zhengmao Lu, Ting Han, Yibo Ding, Liye Ma
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify molecular prognostic biomarkers for gastric cancer. METHODS: mRNA and miRNA expression profiles of eligible gastric cancer and control samples were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus to screen the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and differentially expressed miRNAs (DEmiRs), using MetaDE and limma packages, respectively. Target genes of the DEmiRs were also collected from both predictive and experimentally validated target databases of miRNAs...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Emily Hayes, Vitaly Kushnir, Xiaoting Ma, Anindita Biswas, Hen Prizant, Norbert Gleicher, Aritro Sen
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is a member of the transforming growth factor-β superfamily and plays a crucial role in testicular and ovarian functions. In clinical practice, AMH is used as a diagnostic and/or prognostic marker in women in association with ovulation induction and in various pathophysiological conditions. Despite widespread clinical use of AMH, our mechanistic understanding of AMH actions in regulating follicular development is limited. Using a mouse model, we in this study report that in vivo AMH treatment while stalls follicular development and inhibits ovulation, also prevents follicular atresia...
September 15, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"