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Abdel-Rahman N Zekri, Enas Reda El-Sisi, Amira Salah El-Din Youssef, Mahmoud M Kamel, Auhood Nassar, Ola Sayed Ahmed, Mohamed El Kassas, Ahmed Barakat Barakat, Alaa Ismail Abd El-Motaleb, Abeer A Bahnassy
AIM: Molecular characterization of the CD133+ stem cells associated with hepatocarinogensis through identifying the expression patterns of specific microRNAs (miRNAs). METHODS: We investigated the expression pattern of 13 miRNAs in purified CD133+ cells separated from the peripheral blood of healthy volunteers, chronic hepatitis C (CHC), liver cirrhosis (LC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients a long with bone marrow samples from the healthy volunteers and the LC patients using custom miScript miRNA PCR array...
2018: PloS One
Yun-Fei Yan, Han-Han Zhang, Qing Lv, Yue-Mei Liu, You-Jie Li, Bao-Sheng Li, Ping-Yu Wang, Wen-Jing Shang, Zhen Yue, Shu-Yang Xie
Cumulative evidence has indicated that celastrol may suppress cancer growth; however, the underlying mechanism requires further investigation. In the present study, A549 cells were treated with various concentrations of celastrol. Lung cancer cell proliferation was evaluated using an MTT assay and observed under a microscope. Cell apoptosis was detected by Annexin V fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide double-labeled flow cytometry. The results demonstrated that celastrol suppressed proliferation and induced apoptosis in a dose-independent manner...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
Liang Zhong, Jacques Huot, Martin J Simard
Extravasation of circulating cancer cells determines their metastatic potential. This process is initiated by the adhesion of cancer cells to vascular endothelial cells through specific interactions between endothelial adhesion receptors such as E-selectin and their ligands on cancer cells. In the present study, we show that miR-146a and miR-181b impede the expression of E-selectin by repressing the activity of its transcription factor NF-κB, thereby impairing the metastatic potentials of colon cancer cells by decreasing their adhesion to, and migration through, the endothelium...
February 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
Ming-Wei Liu, Rui Wei, Mei-Xian Su, Hui Li, Tian-Wen Fang, Wei Zhang
BACKGROUND: In China, Panax notoginseng has been used to treat oxidative stress-related diseases for a long time. Panax notoginseng saponins is an extract from Panax notoginseng Ledeb. Its therapeutic potential is related to antioxidant activity, but related mechanisms are still unclear. The study aims to assess the protection effects of Panax notoginseng saponins in the taurocholate-induced rat model of acute pancreatitis (AP) and explore underlying mechanisms. METHODS: A rat model of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) was established in rats induced with taurocholate...
February 5, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Stephanie Glaesener, Christine Jaenke, Anika Habener, Robert Geffers, Petra Hagendorff, Katrin Witzlau, Esther Imelmann, Andreas Krueger, Almut Meyer-Bahlburg
The increased susceptibility to infections of neonates is caused by an immaturity of the immune system as a result of both qualitative and quantitative differences between neonatal and adult immune cells. With respect to B cells, neonatal antibody responses are known to be decreased. Accountable for this is an altered composition of the neonatal B cell compartment towards more immature B cells. However, it remains unclear whether the functionality of individual neonatal B cell subsets is altered as well. In the current study we therefore compared phenotypical and functional characteristics of corresponding neonatal and adult B cell subpopulations...
2018: PloS One
Leilei Zhang, Xiaoyu He, Fang Li, Hui Pan, Xiaolin Huang, Xuyang Wen, He Zhang, Bin Li, Shengfang Ge, Xiaofang Xu, Renbing Jia, Xianqun Fan
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to function in many different cellular processes, including proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation and development. miR-181a, -181b, -181c and -181d are miR-181 members of the family, which has been rarely studied, especially uveal melanoma. METHODS: The expression level of miR-181 family in human uveal melanoma cell lines was measured via real-time PCR (RT-PCR). The function of miR-181 on cell cycle was detected through Flow Cytometry assay...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
Jian Yu, Qing-Guo Xu, Zhen-Guang Wang, Yuan Yang, Ling Zhang, Jin-Zhao Ma, Shu-Han Sun, Fu Yang, Wei-Ping Zhou
BACKGROUND & AIMS: In recent years, circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been shown to have critical regulatory roles in cancer biology. However, the contributions of circRNAs to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain largely unknown. METHODS: cSMARCA5 (a circRNA derived from exons 15 and 16 of the SMARCA5 gene, hsa_circ_0001445) was identified by RNA-sequencing and validated by qRT-PCR (quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction). The role of cSMARCA5 in HCC progression was assessed both in vitro and in vivo...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
Ida V Lundberg, Maria L Wikberg, Ingrid Ljuslinder, Xingru Li, Robin Myte, Carl Zingmark, Anna Löfgren-Burström, Sofia Edin, Richard Palmqvist
BACKGROUND/AIM: KRAS and BRAF are two genes commonly mutated in colorectal cancer (CRC). Even though BRAF is a downstream target of KRAS in the MAPK signalling pathway, KRAS- and BRAF-mutated CRCs are found to display several different clinical and histopathological features. We investigated whether a differential expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) could explain the clinicopathological differences seen between KRAS- and BRAF-mutated CRCs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a PCR array, we analyzed the expression of 84 different miRNAs in CRC cell lines wild-type in KRAS and BRAF, or mutated in KRAS or BRAF...
February 2018: Anticancer Research
Xiaochao Tan, Priyam Banerjee, Xin Liu, Jiang Yu, Don L Gibbons, Ping Wu, Kenneth L Scott, Lixia Diao, Xiaofeng Zheng, Jing Wang, Ali Jalali, Milind Suraokar, Junya Fujimoto, Carmen Behrens, Xiuping Liu, Chang-Gong Liu, Chad J Creighton, Ignacio I Wistuba, Jonathan M Kurie
Epithelial tumor cells undergo epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) to gain metastatic activity. Competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) have binding sites for a common set of microRNAs (miRs) and regulate each other's expression by sponging miRs. Here, we address whether ceRNAs govern EMT-driven metastasis. High miR-181b levels were correlated with an improved prognosis in human lung adenocarcinomas, and metastatic tumor cell lines derived from a murine lung adenocarcinoma model in which metastasis is EMT-driven were enriched in miR-181b targets...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Wang Yao, Zengxiang Pan, Xing Du, Jinbi Zhang, Qifa Li
SMAD7 disrupts the TGF-β signaling pathway by influencing TGFBR1 stability and by blocking the binding of TGFBR1 to SMAD2/3. In this study, we showed that SMAD7 attenuated the TGF-β signaling pathway in ovarian granulosa cells (GCs) by regulating TGFBR1 transcriptional activity. To function as a transcription factor, SMAD7 downregulated the mRNA levels of TGFBR1 via direct binding to the SMAD-binding elements (SBEs) within the promoter region of pig TGFBR1. We also showed that SMAD7 enhanced porcine GC apoptosis by interrupting TGFBR1 and the TGF-β signaling pathway...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Tung-Sheng Chen, Sarnai Battsengel, Chia-Hua Kuo, Lung-Fa Pan, Yueh-Min Lin, Chun-Hsu Yao, Yueh-Sheng Chen, Feng-Huei Lin, Wei-Wen Kuo, Chih-Yang Huang
Systemic inflammation induced by bacterial infection is one of several causative agents for cardiovascular disorders in patients with periodontal disease. Experimental results indicate that miRNAs play important roles in systemic inflammation induced by endotoxins. Further evidence states that stem cell based therapy shows potential in the treatment of inflammatory responses induced by sepsis. This study investigates if stem cells show protective effects on cardiomyocyte damage induced by porphyromonas gingivalis-LPS (Pg-LPS) through regulating miRNAs...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Jun Dai, Ajinkya Kumbhare, Dima Youssef, Charles E McCall, Mohamed El Gazzar
Myeloid precursor cell reprogramming into a myeloid-derived suppressor cell (MDSC) contributes to high mortality rates in mouse and human sepsis. S100A9 mRNA and intracellular protein levels increase during early sepsis and remain elevated in Gr1+ CD11b+ MDSCs after pro-inflammatory sepsis transitions to the later chronic anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive phenotype. The purpose of this study was to determine whether intracellular S100A9 protein might sustain Gr1+ CD11b+ MDSC repressor cell reprogramming during sepsis...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Jun Dai, Ajinkya Kumbhare, Danielle A Williams, Dima Youssef, Zhi Q Yao, Charles E McCall, Mohamed El Gazzar
Sepsis-induced immunosuppression increases the risk of chronic infection and reduces survival. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) expand in the bone marrow and spleen during murine polymicrobial sepsis, contributing to immunosuppression. A better understanding of molecular controls of MDSC production is needed to identify treatment targets. We previously reported that miR-21 and miR-181b couple with transcription factor NFI-A to induce MDSCs during murine sepsis. Here, we expand upon these observations by showing that conditional deletion of the Nfia gene in the myeloid lineage precludes MDSC development...
January 2018: Innate Immunity
Xiaoming Zhong, Xiang Ma, Lei Zhang, Yanming Li, Yunwei Li, Ruili He
BACKGROUND: Plenty of lncRNAs and microRNAs have been identified to be critical mediators in the progression of atherosclerosis (AS). Myocardial infarction-associated transcript (MIAT) were aberrantly high expressed and closely associated with the pathogenesis of AS. However, its molecular mechanism has not been well characterized. METHODS: The expression patterns of MIAT and microRNA-181b (miR-181b) in clinical samples and cells were measured by RT-qPCR assays...
November 9, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Sha Liu, Fuquan Zhang, Xijin Wang, Yin Yao Shugart, Yingying Zhao, Xinrong Li, Zhifen Liu, Ning Sun, Chunxia Yang, Kerang Zhang, Weihua Yue, Xin Yu, Yong Xu
There is an increasing interest in searching biomarkers for schizophrenia (SZ) diagnosis, which overcomes the drawbacks inherent with the subjective diagnostic methods. MicroRNA (miRNA) fingerprints have been explored for disease diagnosis. We performed a meta-analysis to examine miRNA diagnostic value for SZ and further validated the meta-analysis results. Using following terms: schizophrenia/SZ, microRNA/miRNA, diagnosis, sensitivity and specificity, we searched databases restricted to English language and reviewed all articles published from January 1990 to October 2016...
November 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
Chao Hu, Mengxia Yu, Yanling Ren, Kongfei Li, Dominic M Maggio, Chen Mei, Li Ye, Juying Wei, Jie Jin, Zhengping Zhuang, Hongyan Tong
A correction to this article has been published and is linked from the HTML version of this paper. The error has been fixed in the paper.
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
Motonobu Saito, Hirokazu Okayama, Katsuharu Saito, Jin Ando, Kensuke Kumamoto, Izumi Nakamura, Shinji Ohki, Yoshimasa Ishi, Seiichi Takenoshita
The development of gastric cancer is significantly associated with chronic inflammation, such as caused by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. Caudal-type homeobox 2 (CDX2) is a homeobox protein involved in intestinal differentiation in normal and in aberrant locations, and is associated with inflammation. The authors of the present study have previously reported that CDX2 may have a suppressive role in the progression and carcinogenesis of gastric carcinoma. In the present study, the authors initially confirmed that a decreased expression of CDX2, as detected by immunohistochemistry, is associated with poor cancer-specific survival in 210 gastric cancer cases, which is consistent with several previously published studies...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
Anna Maria Pierdomenico, Sara Patruno, Marilina Codagnone, Felice Simiele, Veronica Cecilia Mari, Roberto Plebani, Antonio Recchiuti, Mario Romano
The involvement of microRNA (miR) in cystic fibrosis (CF) pathobiology is rapidly emerging. We previously documented that miR-181b controls the expression of the ALX/FPR2 receptor, which is recognized by the endogenous proresolution ligand, lipoxin (LX)A4. Here, we examined whether the miR-181b-ALX/FPR2 circuit was altered in CF. We examined human airways epithelial cells, normal (16HBE14o-), carrying the ΔF508 mutation (CFBE41o-) or corrected for this mutation (CFBE41o-/CEP-CFTR wt 6.2 kb), as well as monocyte-derived macrophages (MΦs) from CF patients...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
Camila Uribe Copier, Luis León, Mauricio Fernández, David Contador, Sebastián D Calligaris
Diabetic cardiomyopathy is characterized by metabolic changes in the myocardium that promote a slow and silent dysfunction of muscle fibers, leading to myocardium remodelling and heart failure, independently of the presence of coronary artery diseases or hypertension. At present, no imaging methods allow an early diagnosis of this disease. Circulating miRNAs in plasma have been proposed as biomarkers in the prognosis of several cardiac diseases. This study aimed to determine whether circulating miRNAs could be potential biomarkers of diabetic cardiomyopathy...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
Petra Bašová, Michal Pešta, Marek Sochor, Tomáš Stopka
Oncogenic microRNAs (oncomiRs) accumulate in serum due to their increased stability and thus serve as biomarkers in breast cancer (BC) pathogenesis. Four oncogenic microRNAs (miR-155, miR-19a, miR-181b, and miR-24) and one tumor suppressor microRNA (let-7a) were shown to differentiate between high- and low-risk early breast cancer (EBC) and reflect the surgical tumor removal and adjuvant therapy. Here we applied the longitudinal multivariate data analyses to stochastically model the serum levels of each of the oncomiRs using the RT-PCR measurements in the EBC patients (N = 133) that were followed up 4 years after diagnosis...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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