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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906673/multiplex-ligation-dependent-probe-amplification-assay-identifies-additional-copy-number-changes-compared-with-r-band-karyotype-and-provide-more-accuracy-prognostic-information-in-myelodysplastic-syndromes
#1
Jingya Wang, Xiaofei Ai, Tiejun Qin, Zefeng Xu, Yue Zhang, Jinqin Liu, Bing Li, Liwei Fang, Hongli Zhang, Lijuan Pan, Naibo Hu, Shiqiang Qu, Wenyu Cai, Kun Ru, Yujiao Jia, Gang Huang, Zhijian Xiao
Cytogenetic analysis provides important diagnostic and prognostic information for patients with Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and plays an essential role in the International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) and the revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-R). Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) assay is a recently developed technique to identify targeted cytogenetic aberrations in MDS patients. In the present study, we evaluated the results obtained using an MLPA assay in 437 patients with MDS to determine the efficacy of MLPA analysis...
November 29, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896542/immunomodulatory-effects-of-adjuvants-cpg-mpla-and-bcg-on-the-derp2-induced-acute-asthma-at-early-life-in-an-animal-model-of-balb-c-mice
#2
V Mohammadi-Shahrokhi, A Rezaei, A Andalib, A Rahnama, A Jafarzadeh, N Eskandari
The Th1- and Treg cell-related immune responses play key roles in the modulation of Th2 cell-related allergic disorders. The aim was to evaluate the effects of CPG, MPLA, and BCG on the number of Th1-, Th2-, and Treg cell-related parameters in an animal model of asthma. BALB/c mice were divided into five groups and immunized subcutaneously (SC) on days 1, 15, and 22 with allergen Derp2. Three groups of mice were pretreated SC on days 0, 14, and 21 with CPG, CPG + MPLA, or CPG + BCG. All mice were then challenged intranasally with Derp2 on days 28-37...
November 28, 2016: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835636/in-vitro-evaluation-of-the-biological-responses-of-canine-macrophages-challenged-with-plga-nanoparticles-containing-monophosphoryl-lipid-a
#3
Delphine Guldner, Julianne K Hwang, Maria Clara D Cardieri, Meaghan Eren, Parissa Ziaei, M Grant Norton, Cleverson D Souza
Poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles (PLGA NPs) have been considerably studied as a promising biodegradable delivery system to induce effective immune responses and to improve stability, safety, and cost effectiveness of vaccines. The study aimed at evaluating early inflammatory effects and cellular safety of PLGA NPs, co-encapsulating ovalbumin (PLGA/OVA NPs), as a model antigen and the adjuvant monophosphoryl lipid A (PLGA/MPLA NPs) as an adjuvant, on primary canine macrophages. The PLGA NPs constructs were prepared following the emulsion-solvent evaporation technique and further physic-chemically characterized...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826300/treatment-with-dexamethasone-and-monophosphoryl-lipid-a-removes-disease-associated-transcriptional-signatures-in-monocyte-derived-dendritic-cells-from-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-and-confers-tolerogenic-features
#4
Paulina A García-González, Katina Schinnerling, Alejandro Sepúlveda-Gutiérrez, Jaxaira Maggi, Lorena Hoyos, Rodrigo A Morales, Ahmed M Mehdi, Hendrik J Nel, Lilian Soto, Bárbara Pesce, María Carmen Molina, Miguel Cuchacovich, Milton L Larrondo, Óscar Neira, Diego Francisco Catalán, Catharien M Hilkens, Ranjeny Thomas, Ricardo A Verdugo, Juan C Aguillón
Tolerogenic dendritic cells (TolDCs) are promising tools for therapy of autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Here, we characterize monocyte-derived TolDCs from RA patients modulated with dexamethasone and activated with monophosphoryl lipid A (MPLA), referred to as MPLA-tDCs, in terms of gene expression, phenotype, cytokine profile, migratory properties, and T cell-stimulatory capacity in order to explore their suitability for cellular therapy. MPLA-tDCs derived from RA patients displayed an anti-inflammatory profile with reduced expression of co-stimulatory molecules and high IL-10/IL-12 ratio, but were capable of migrating toward the lymphoid chemokines CXCL12 and CCL19...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793335/role-of-heterogeneous-cell-population-on-modulation-of-dendritic-cell-phenotype-and-activation-of-cd8-t-cells-for-use-in-cell-based-immunotherapies
#5
Hannah Frizzell, Jaehyung Park, Natacha Comandante Lou, Kim A Woodrow
Dendritic cell (DC)-based immunotherapies have much utility in their ability to prime antigen-specific adaptive immune responses. However, there does not yet exist a consensus standard to how DCs should be primed. In this study, we aimed to determine the role of heterogeneous co-cultures, composed of both CD11c+ (DCs) and CD11c- cells, in combination with monophosphoryl lipid A (MPLA) stimulation on DC phenotype and function. Upon DC priming in different co-culture ratios, we observed reduced expression of MHCII and CD86 and increased antigen uptake among CD11c+ cells in a CD11c- dependent manner...
October 13, 2016: Cellular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761933/immunogenicity-and-protective-efficacy-of-recombinant-iron-superoxide-dismutase-protein-from-bordetella-pertussis-in-mice-models
#6
Çiğdem Yılmaz, Aycan Apak, Erkan Özcengiz, Gülay Özcengiz
Whooping cough (pertussis) is a highly contagious respiratory infection caused by Bordetella pertussis. Although availability of effective pertussis vaccines seems to decrease the incidence of the disease, B. pertussis circulation in population has not been eliminated. Thus, finding new protein candidates with high immune protective capacities is necessary to enhance the efficacy of current acellular pertussis (Pa) vaccines. In this study, iron superoxide dismutase (FeSOD) gene (sodB) was cloned, expressed in Escherichia coli and recombinant FeSOD protein was purified...
October 20, 2016: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737611/cysteine-mutagenesis-improves-the-production-without-abrogating-antigenicity-of-a-recombinant-protein-vaccine-candidate-for-human-chagas-disease
#7
Christopher A Seid, Kathryn M Jones, Jeroen Pollet, Brian Keegan, Elissa Hudspeth, Molly Hammond, Junfei Wei, C Patrick McAtee, Leroy Versteeg, Amanda Gutierrez, Zhuyun Liu, Bin Zhan, Jonathan L Respress, Ulrich Strych, Maria Elena Bottazzi, Peter J Hotez
A therapeutic vaccine for human Chagas disease is under development by the Sabin Vaccine Institute Product Development Partnership. The aim of the vaccine is to significantly reduce the parasite burden of Trypanosoma cruzi in humans, either as a standalone product or in combination with conventional chemotherapy. Vaccination of mice with Tc24 formulated with monophosphoryl-lipid A (MPLA) adjuvant results in a Th1 skewed immune response with elevated IgG2a and IFNγ levels and a statistically significant decrease in parasitemia following T...
October 13, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698654/dexamethasone-and-monophosphoryl-lipid-a-modulated-dendritic-cells-promote-antigen-specific-tolerogenic-properties-on-naive-and-memory-cd4-t-cells
#8
Jaxaira Maggi, Katina Schinnerling, Bárbara Pesce, Catharien M Hilkens, Diego Catalán, Juan C Aguillón
Tolerogenic dendritic cells (DCs) are a promising tool to control T cell-mediated autoimmunity. Here, we evaluate the ability of dexamethasone-modulated and monophosphoryl lipid A (MPLA)-activated DCs [MPLA-tolerogenic DCs (tDCs)] to exert immunomodulatory effects on naive and memory CD4(+) T cells in an antigen-specific manner. For this purpose, MPLA-tDCs were loaded with purified protein derivative (PPD) as antigen and co-cultured with autologous naive or memory CD4(+) T cells. Lymphocytes were re-challenged with autologous PPD-pulsed mature DCs (mDCs), evaluating proliferation and cytokine production by flow cytometry...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671946/injectable-and-pathogen-mimicking-hydrogels-for-enhanced-protective-immunity-against-emerging-and-highly-pathogenic-influenza-virus
#9
Hyun Jong Noh, Young-Woock Noh, Min Beom Heo, Eun-Ha Kim, Su-Jin Park, Young-Il Kim, Young Ki Choi, Yong Taik Lim
Seasonal emerging infectious diseases such as influenza A impose substantial risk and need new translational strategies to achieve active immunomodulation. Here, a novel injectable pathogen-mimicking hydrogel (iPMH) that can enhance both cellular and humoral immune responses is suggested. By the help of poly(γ-glutamic acid) that has abundant carboxylate groups and dispersion helper function, hydrophobic immunostimulatory 3-O-desacyl-4'-monophosphoryl lipid A (MPLA) molecules and viral antigens (PR8, W150) can be successfully combined as pathogen-mimicking adjuvants...
December 2016: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650574/norharmane-matrix-enhances-detection-of-endotoxin-by-maldi-ms-for-simultaneous-profiling-of-pathogen-host-and-vector-systems
#10
Alison J Scott, Bryn Flinders, Joanna Cappell, Tao Liang, Rebecca S Pelc, Bao Tran, David P A Kilgour, Ron M A Heeren, David R Goodlett, Robert K Ernst
The discovery of novel pathogenic mechanisms engaged during bacterial infections requires the evolution of advanced techniques. Here, we evaluate the dual polarity matrix norharmane (NRM) to improve detection of bacterial lipid A (endotoxin), from host and vector tissues infected with Francisella novicida (Fn). We evaluated NRM for improved detection and characterization of a wide range of lipids in both positive and negative polarities, including lipid A and phospholipids across a range of matrix assisted laser desorption-ionization (MALDI)-coupled applications...
September 19, 2016: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639241/therapeutic-effect-of-monophosphoryl-lipid-a-administration-on-paracoccidioides-brasiliensis-infected-mice
#11
Taise Natali Landgraf, Fabrício Freitas Fernandes, Gabriela Peron, Ademilson Panunto-Castelo
The lack of antifungals with low toxicity and short-term therapy for patients with paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) led us to evaluate adjuvants in immunotherapeutic intervention. We have previously shown complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) to be therapeutic on experimental PCM. Owing to CFA toxicity, here we tested adjuvants approved for clinical use or in preclinical phase in experimental mouse PCM. Of all, only monophosporyl lipid A (MPLA) demonstrates a beneficial effect, by reducing the fungal burden and increasing the concentrations of IFN-γ and TNF-α, which are immunoprotective in PCM...
September 17, 2016: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614817/polymeric-hepatitis-c-virus-non-structural-protein-5a-nanocapsules-induce-intrahepatic-antigen-specific-immune-responses
#12
Michael Fichter, Keti Piradashvili, Anette Pietrzak-Nguyen, Leah Pretsch, Gabor Kuhn, Susanne Strand, Markus Knuf, Fred Zepp, Frederik R Wurm, Volker Mailänder, Katharina Landfester, Stephan Gehring
Targeting antigen combined with adjuvants to hepatic antigen-presenting cells (APCs) is essential for the induction of intrahepatic T cellular immunity controlling and resolving viral infections of the liver. Intravenous injection of antigen-loaded nanoparticles is a promising approach for the delivery of antigens to liver APCs. Accordingly, polymeric nanocapsules (NCs) synthesized exclusively of hepatitis C virus non-structural protein 5A (NS5A) and the adjuvant monophosphoryl lipid A (MPLA) adsorbed to the nanocapsule surface were developed...
November 2016: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526270/immunological-evaluation-of-colonic-delivered-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-loaded-tlr-4-agonist-modified-solid-fat-nanoparticles
#13
Kantrol Kumar Sahu, Ravi Shankar Pandey
Hepatitis B is one of the leading liver diseases and remains a major global health problem. Currently available vaccines provide protection but often results in weaker/minimal mucosal immunity. Thus the present study is devoted to the development and in-vivo exploration of the colonically delivered biomimetic nanoparticles which capably enhance humoral as well as cellular immune response. In present work, Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) entrapped nanoparticles containing Monophosphoryl lipid A (MPLA) (HB+L-NP) were prepared by solvent evaporation method and characterized for particle size (~210nm), shape, zeta potential (-24mV±0...
October 2016: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516081/mpla-coated-hepatitis-b-virus-surface-antigen-hbsag-nanocapsules-induce-vigorous-t-cell-responses-in-cord-blood-derived-human-t-cells
#14
Anette Pietrzak-Nguyen, Keti Piradashvili, Michael Fichter, Leah Pretsch, Fred Zepp, Frederik R Wurm, Katharina Landfester, Stephan Gehring
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the most prevalent serious liver infection in the world. A frequent route of infection represents mother-to-child transmission. Efficient control of HBV replication depends on antigen-specific cellular immune response mediated by dendritic cells (DCs). Aim of the present study was to evaluate optimized adjuvant combinations, efficiently maturing monocyte-derived neonatal and adult dendritic cells (moDCs). In addition, the potential of polymeric HBsAg-nanocapsules (HBsAg-NCs) was investigated regarding up-take by moDCs and the subsequent induction of specific T cell responses in a human co-culture model...
November 2016: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27505005/vaccine-potential-and-diversity-of-the-putative-cell-binding-factor-cbf-nmb0345-neis1825-protein-of-neisseria-meningitidis
#15
María Victoria Humbert, Miao-Chiu Hung, Renee Phillips, Charlene Akoto, Alison Hill, Wei-Ming Tan, John Edward Heckels, Myron Christodoulides
The cbf gene from Neisseria meningitidis strain MC58 encoding the putative Cell Binding Factor (CBF, NMB0345/NEIS1825) protein was cloned into the pRSETA system and a ~36-kDa recombinant (r)CBF protein expressed in Escherichia coli and purified by metal affinity chromatography. High titres of rCBF antibodies were induced in mice following immunization with rCBF-saline, rCBF-Al(OH)3, rCBF-Liposomes or rCBF-Zwittergent (Zw) 3-14 micelles, both with and without incorporated monophosphoryl lipid A (MPLA) adjuvant...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491556/wt1-msh6-gata5-and-pax5-as-epigenetic-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-biomarkers-a-short-report
#16
Ilda Patrícia Ribeiro, Francisco Caramelo, Francisco Marques, Ana Domingues, Margarida Mesquita, Leonor Barroso, Hugo Prazeres, Maria José Julião, Isabel Poiares Baptista, Artur Ferreira, Joana Barbosa Melo, Isabel Marques Carreira
PURPOSE: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a frequently occurring aggressive malignancy with a heterogeneous clinical behavior. Based on the paucity of specific early diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers, which hampers the appropriate treatment and, ultimately the development of novel targeted therapies, we aimed at identifying such biomarkers through a genetic and epigenetic analysis of these tumors. METHODS: 93 primary OSCCs were subjected to DNA copy number alteration (CNA) and methylation status analyses using methylation-specific multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MS-MPLA)...
August 4, 2016: Cellular Oncology (Dordrecht)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27449155/vitamins-as-influenza-vaccine-adjuvant-components
#17
Wagner Quintilio, Fábio Alessandro de Freitas, Dunia Rodriguez, Flavia Saldanha Kubrusly, Dimitri Yourtov, Cosue Miyaki, Luciana Cezar de Cerqueira Leite, Isaias Raw
A number of adjuvant formulations were assayed in mice immunized with 3.75 µg of A/California/7/2009 (H1N1) pdm09 influenza vaccine with vitamins A, D and/or E in emulsions or B2 and/or B9 combined with Bordetella pertussis MPLA and/or alum as adjuvants. Squalene was used as positive control, as well as MPLA with alum. The immune response was evaluated by a panel of tests, including a hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) test, ELISA for IgG, IgG1, and IgG2a and IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-6 and IL-10 quantification in splenocyte culture supernatant after stimulus with influenza antigen...
October 2016: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428745/reproducing-siv%C3%AE-nef-vaccine-correlates-of-protection-trimeric-gp41-antibody-concentrated-at-mucosal-front-lines
#18
James E Voss, Matthew S Macauley, Kenneth A Rogers, Francois Villinger, Lijie Duan, Liang Shang, Elizabeth A Fink, Raiees Andrabi, Arnaud D Colantonio, James E Robinson, R Paul Johnson, Dennis R Burton, Ashley T Haase
Vaccination with SIVmac239Δnef provides robust protection against subsequent challenge with wild-type simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), but safety issues have precluded designing an HIV-1 vaccine based on a live-attenuated virus concept. Safe immunogens and adjuvants that could reproduce identified immune correlates of SIVmac239Δnef protection therefore offer an alternative path for development of an HIV vaccine. Here we describe SIV envelope trimeric gp41 (gp41t) immunogens based on a protective correlate of antibodies to gp41t concentrated on the path of virus entry by the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn) in cervical vaginal epithelium...
October 23, 2016: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382182/in-situ-characterization-of-the-mtorc1-during-adipogenesis-of-human-adult-stem-cells-on-chip
#19
Xuanye Wu, Nils Schneider, Alina Platen, Indranil Mitra, Matthias Blazek, Roland Zengerle, Roland Schüle, Matthias Meier
Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a central kinase integrating nutrient, energy, and metabolite signals. The kinase forms two distinct complexes: mTORC1 and mTORC2. mTORC1 plays an essential but undefined regulatory function for regeneration of adipose tissue. Analysis of mTOR in general is hampered by the complexity of regulatory mechanisms, including protein interactions and/or phosphorylation, in an ever-changing cellular microenvironment. Here, we developed a microfluidic large-scale integration chip platform for culturing and differentiating human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) in 128 separated microchambers under standardized nutrient conditions over 3 wk...
July 19, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27363809/alzheimer-s-disease-advax-cpg-adjuvanted-multitep-based-dual-and-single-vaccines-induce-high-titer-antibodies-against-various-forms-of-tau-and-a%C3%AE-pathological-molecules
#20
Hayk Davtyan, Karen Zagorski, Harinda Rajapaksha, Armine Hovakimyan, Arpine Davtyan, Irina Petrushina, Konstantin Kazarian, David H Cribbs, Nikolai Petrovsky, Michael G Agadjanyan, Anahit Ghochikyan
Although β-amyloid (Aβ) may be the primary driver of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology, accumulation of pathological tau correlates with dementia in AD patients. Thus, the prevention/inhibition of AD may require vaccine/s targeting Aβ and tau simultaneously or sequentially. Since high antibody titers are required for AD vaccine efficacy, we have decided to generate vaccines, targeting Aβ (AV-1959R), Tau (AV-1980R) or Aβ/tau (AV-1953R) B cell epitopes, based on immunogenic MultiTEP platform and evaluate the immunogenicity of these vaccines formulated with Advax(CpG), delta inulin, Alhydrogel(®), Montanide-ISA51, Montanide-ISA720, MPLA-SM pharmaceutical grade adjuvants...
2016: Scientific Reports
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