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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909590/location-of-needle-tips-on-plexus-brachialis-in-different-supraclavicular-block-techniques-a-cadaver-study
#1
Senem Akpınar, Halil İbrahim Açar, Ayhan Cömert, Bülent Şam, Alaittin Elhan
OBJECTIVE: The present study was performed on cadavers to evaluate the efficacy of the different supraclavicular block techniques (Vongvises, Dalens, plumb-bob and inter-SCM) by investigating the location of the needle tip on the brachial plexus and to determine the most suitable block techniques according to the site of the surgery. METHODS: The study was performed on one embalmed and nine fresh cadavers. After the dissection, the skin of the cadavers was restored in its original position...
August 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865679/percutaneous-closure-of-isolated-ostium-secundum-type-atrial-septal-defect-in-a-patient-with-mayer-rokitansky-k%C3%A3-ster-hauser-syndrome
#2
Murat Akcay, Okan Gulel, Korhan Soylu, Murat Meric, Muzaffer Elmali
Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by complete or partial aplasia of the uterus and the upper part of the vagina. It is reported to be associated with cardiovascular disorders including atrial septal defect, anomalous pulmonary venous return, aortopulmonary window, pulmonary valve stenosis, mitral valve prolapse, tetralogy of Fallot, truncus arteriosus, and patent ductus arteriosus. Herein, for the first time in the medical literature, we present percutaneous closure of an isolated ostium secundum atrial septal defect in this syndrome...
November 16, 2016: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829477/truncus-arteriosus-versus-tetralogy-of-fallot-with-pulmonary-atresia
#3
David G Greenhouse, Roger E Breitbart, Christopher W Baird
Truncus arteriosus and tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia may be difficult to differentiate prenatally. We present a case that, on newborn echocardiography, angiography, and intraoperative inspection, shared features of both diagnoses.
November 10, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816222/congenital-heart-disease-in-premature-infants-25-32-weeks-gestational-age
#4
Patricia Y Chu, Jennifer S Li, Andrzej S Kosinski, Christoph P Hornik, Kevin D Hill
OBJECTIVE: To determine the birth prevalence of congenital heart defects (CHDs) across the spectrum of common defects in very/extremely premature infants and to compare mortality rates between premature infants with and without CHDs. STUDY DESIGN: The Kids' Inpatient Databases (2003-2012) were used to estimate the birth prevalence of CHDs (excluding patent ductus arteriosus) in very/extremely premature infants born between 25 and 32 weeks' gestational age. Birth prevalence was compared with term infants for a subset of "severe" defects expected to be near universally diagnosed in the neonatal period...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714605/effect-of-left-atrial-volume-and-pulmonary-vein-anatomy-on-outcome-of-nmarq%C3%A2-catheter-ablation-of-paroxysmal-atrial-fibrillation
#5
Giuseppe Stabile, Matteo Anselmino, Ezio Soldati, Ermengildo De Ruvo, Francesco Solimene, Assunta Iuliano, Luigi Sciarra, Maria Grazia Bongiorni, Leonardo Calò, Fiorenzo Gaita
PURPOSE: Left atrial volume (LA) and pulmonary vein (PV) anatomy may potentially relate to technical challenges in achieving stable and effective catheter position in case of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation by means of "one-shot" catheters. The aim of this study was to investigate whether LA volume and PV anatomy, evaluated by computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) prior to ablation, predict acute and midterm outcome of AF ablation by nMARQ™. METHODS: We included 75 patients (mean age 58 ± 11 years, 67 % male) with symptomatic paroxysmal AF...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652148/dysfunctional-pulmonary-artery-conduit-and-co-existing-large-pseudoaneurysm-well-suited-for-a-percutaneous-approach-with-the-melody-valve
#6
Rouven Kubicki, Brigitte Stiller, Jochen Grohmann
Pseudoaneurysm formation is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication after surgical repair of congenital heart disease. We present a boy with truncus arteriosus communis 14 years after homograft placement in pulmonary position. On follow-up, he presented progressive chronic homograft degeneration. Moreover, a large pseudoaneurysm in the right ventricular outflow tract was surprisingly depicted. We opted for a two-stage interventional approach.
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638097/what-determines-whether-the-great-arteries-are-normally-or-abnormally-related
#7
Richard Van Praagh
The situs, or pattern of anatomic organization, of the subarterial infundibulum and of the great arteries and the degree of development of the subarterial infundibulum largely determine whether the great arteries are normally or abnormally related. There are 2 types of situs: solitus (normal) and inversus (a mirror image of solitus). Situs ambiguus means that the pattern of anatomic organization is uncertain or unknown. Infundibular development varies from absent, to atretic, to severely stenotic, to mildly or moderately stenotic; great arteries are solitus normally related or inversus normally related, respectively...
August 12, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619329/intramural-left-coronary-artery-in-truncus-arteriosus
#8
Nabil Hussein, Simone Speggiorin, Frances Bu'Lock, Antonio F Corno
An intramural coronary artery in the setting of truncus arteriosus (common arterial trunk) is an uncommon association. Following an uneventful surgical repair, a neonate developed a low cardiac output state deteriorating into cardiac arrest shortly after arrival into the intensive care unit, requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support. Echocardiography and angiography showed occlusion of the left coronary artery, prompting emergency surgical reexploration. A "slit-like" orifice with an intramural left coronary artery was successfully unroofed, allowing full recovery...
September 12, 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611449/surgical-repair-of-a-truncus-arteriosus-with-unilateral-absence-of-the-right-proximal-pulmonary-artery
#9
Akihisa Furuta, Mitsugi Nagashima, Takeshi Hiramatsu, Goki Matsumura, Kenji Yamazaki
The unilateral absence of a proximal pulmonary artery (UAPPA) is rare and is most frequently accompanied by cardiovascular anomalies such as tetralogy of Fallot or septal defects. We report a patient with truncus arteriosus with UAPPA in which we performed a two-stage surgical repair. During the first palliative operation, a right modified Blalock-Taussig shunt was constructed to develop the hypoplastic right pulmonary artery. At 10 months, the patient underwent patch closure of a ventricular septal defect with integration of both pulmonary arteries, and reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract using a conduit...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587491/development-and-morphology-of-the-ventricular-outflow-tracts
#10
Robert H Anderson, Shumpei Mori, Diane E Spicer, Nigel A Brown, Timothy J Mohun
It is customary, at the current time, to consider many, if not most, of the lesions involving the ventricular outflow tract in terms of conotruncal malformations. This reflects the introduction, in the early 1940s, of the terms conus and truncus to describe the components of the developing outflow tract. The definitive outflow tracts in the postnatal heart, however, possess three, rather than two, components. These are the intrapericardial arterial trunks, the arterial roots, and the subvalvar ventricular outflow tracts...
September 2016: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542407/cardiac-neural-crest-ablation-results-in-early-endocardial-cushion-and-hemodynamic-flow-abnormalities
#11
Pei Ma, Shi Gu, Ganga H Karunamuni, Michael W Jenkins, Michiko Watanabe, Andrew M Rollins
Cardiac neural crest cell (CNCC) ablation creates congenital heart defects (CHDs) that resemble those observed in many syndromes with craniofacial and cardiac consequences. The loss of CNCCs causes a variety of great vessel defects, including persistent truncus arteriosus and double-outlet right ventricle. However, because of the lack of quantitative volumetric measurements, less severe defects, such as great vessel size changes and valve defects, have not been assessed. Also poorly understood is the role of abnormal cardiac function in the progression of CNCC-related CHDs...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490615/shunt-lesions-part-ii-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connections-and-truncus-arteriosus
#12
Billie-Jean Martin, Tara B Karamlou, Sarah Tabbutt
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this review are to describe the anatomy, pathophysiology, perioperative therapeutic strategies, and operative procedures for patients with anomalous pulmonary venous connections and truncus arteriosus. DATA SOURCE: MEDLINE and PubMed. CONCLUSIONS: An understanding of the anatomy and pathophysiology of anomalous pulmonary venous connections and truncus arteriosus is essential for the optimal perioperative management of these complex and challenging congenital lesions...
August 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27404711/unprotected-left-main-intervention-for-surgery-ineligible-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-usefulness-of-micro-ct-images-for-stent
#13
Daisuke Sueta, Yuichiro Arima, Seiji Hokimoto, Toshifumi Mukunoki, Noriaki Tabata, Tomonori Akasaka, Takahiro Sato, Jun Otani, Hisao Ogawa
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for unprotected left main truncus (LMT) lesions is controversial. Inoperable status with advanced age, renal dysfunction, frailty, or patient request may require an unprotected left main PCI. PCI for LMT is not recommended in the typical clinical situation; however, when it is the only feasible option, the performance is not bad. We demonstrated the result of a cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stent (CoCr-EES) in the LMT stenting and serial changes via micro-computed tomography (μCT)...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27395599/sinostoma-yunnanicum-the-first-nemastomatine-harvestman-in-china-arachnida-opiliones-nemastomatidae
#14
Jochen Martens
The easternmost Nemastomatinae species, Sinostoma yunnanicum n. gen., n. sp., from northern Yunnan, China is described. It extends the geographic distribution of Nemastomatinae by roughly 3000 km southeastwards. Within Nemastomatinae Sinostoma displays plesiomorphic characters, including the long, basic bulb of the truncus shaft and the extremely short glans of penis, armed with short robust spines. Sinostoma may represent a relict line in the early evolution of nemastomatine harvestmen.
2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382214/outcome-of-diabetic-pregnancies-in-a-tertiary-referral-centre-varanasi
#15
Uma Pandey, Neeraj Kumar Agrawal, Shilpa Agrawal, Shuchita Batra
AIM: The study was done to determine the maternal and fetal outcome of pregnancies complicated by maternal diabetes either Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) or preexisting (type 1 or type 2) diabetes over a period from March 2011 to Feb 2013 in a tertiary care hospital, Varanasi. METHODS: This is a retrospective audit of the maternal and fetal outcome of women who presented to the Sir Sundar Lal Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India from March 2011 to Feb 2013, with GDM or pre-existing type 1 or type 2 Diabetes with pregnancy...
August 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27376074/molecular-and-genetic-insights-into-thoracic-aortic-dilation-in-conotruncal-heart-defects
#16
REVIEW
W Aaron Kay
Thoracic aortic dilation (AD) has commonly been described in conotruncal defects (CTDs), such as tetralogy of Fallot, double outlet right ventricle and transposition of the great arteries, and truncus arteriosus. Several theories for this have been devised, but fairly recent data indicate that there is likely an underlying histologic abnormality, similar to that seen in Marfan and other connective tissue disease. The majority of aortic dissection in the general population occurs after the age of 45 years, and there have been very few case reports of aortic dissection in CTD...
2016: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27319986/prevalence-of-noncardiac-and-genetic-abnormalities-in-neonates-undergoing-cardiac-operations-analysis-of-the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-congenital-heart-surgery-database
#17
Angira Patel, John M Costello, Carl L Backer, Sara K Pasquali, Kevin D Hill, Amelia S Wallace, Jeffrey P Jacobs, Marshall L Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Among patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), the coexistence of noncardiac congenital anatomic abnormalities (NC), genetic abnormalities (GA), and syndromes (S) may influence therapeutic strategies and outcomes. The appreciated prevalence of these abnormalities has risen because increased screening and improved diagnostic precision enable identification of these comorbidities in a larger fraction of neonates with CHD. We examined the contemporary prevalence and distribution of NC/GA/S across diagnostic groups among neonates undergoing cardiac operations using a large nationally representative clinical registry...
November 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313056/-unusual-origin-of-truncus-arteriosus-from-the-right-ventricle-report-of-a-case
#18
Daniel Hurtado-Sierra, Catalina Sánchez-Cornelio, Clara A Vázquez-Antona, Alfonso Buendía-Hernández
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27262857/persistent-truncus-arteriosus-on-dual-source-ct
#19
Arun Sharma, Sarv Priya, Priya Jagia
Persistent truncus arteriosus is a rare congenital cardiac disease with variable presentation. The exact preoperative diagnosis and delineation of anatomy are very important because the optimal timing and procedure for truncus arteriosus repair are decided on the basis of the morphological characteristics. Moreover, the presence of associated anomalies influences the surgical outcome and mortality in these patients. Dual-source computed tomographic evaluation with three-dimensional post-processing is highly valuable for delineating its precise morphology and to identify and characterize the associated anomalies...
July 2016: Japanese Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27211951/crossed-pulmonary-arteries-in-a-patient-with-persistent-truncus-arteriosus
#20
Sachin Talwar, Palleti Rajashekar, Saurabh Kumar Gupta, Gurpreet Singh Gulati, Balram Airan
We report a 14-month-old child with persistent truncus arteriosus and crossed pulmonary arteries. The potential advantage of crossed pulmonary artery arrangement in achieving surgical correction is discussed.
June 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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