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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161783/cancer-treatment-and-management-for-elderly-patients-80-years-of-age-or-older-with-malignant-solid-tumors
#1
Mao Matsubayashi, Fumihiro Oshita, Natsuki Kawata, Takafumi Yanagibashi, Satoshi Tanaka, Yoshiteru Hao, Yuichi Kurakami, Keisuke Iwabuchi, Yohsuke Kunishi, Mitsuyasu Ohta, Yuki Nakamura, Kohichiro Yoshie
We retrospectively analyzed the backgrounds, treatment and nursing care for 96 patients aged 80 years or more with malignant tumors. Twenty of them were hospitalized on an emergency basis. Sixty patients were male and 36 were female, with a median age of 83 years (range: 80-94 years). Twenty-seven had a PS of 3 or 4, and 41 were rated as not independent based on analysis of autonomy at hospitalization. Forty-seven patients had clinical stage III or IV malignancies. The proportions of patients with disease complications were 33...
November 2017: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161628/stigma-accounts-for-depression-in-patients-with-epilepsy
#2
Zerrin Yıldırım, Devrimsel Harika Ertem, Ayten Ceyhan Dirican, Sevim Baybaş
OBJECTIVE: Epilepsy is a chronic disease with an increased risk of stigmatization due to psychosocial consequences of the seizures. Intuitively, one may well conclude that stigmatization would lead to depression in patients with epilepsy as well as in other patient groups with increased risk of stigmatization. Indeed, there are a few studies in support of this intuition. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between level of stigmatization and the severity of the depressive symptoms in our patients with epilepsy...
November 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161606/maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-adolescent-academic-attainment-testing-pathways-via-parenting-and-self-control
#3
Terry Ng-Knight, Katherine H Shelton, Norah Frederickson, I C McManus, Frances Rice
Maternal depression is associated with reduced academic attainment in children, however, it is not clear how this association comes about. Depressive symptoms are associated with impairment in social roles including parenting. Children's self-control is an important contributor to academic attainment and is influenced by parenting. We therefore hypothesised that impaired parenting and children's self-control may mediate links between maternal depression and children's academic attainment. Data were from a brief longitudinal study (3 waves) of UK children aged 11-12 years and their mothers...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161462/the-influence-of-coping-strategies-on-subsequent-well-being-in-older-patients-with-cancer-a-comparison-with-two-control-groups
#4
Abdelbari Baitar, Frank Buntinx, Tine De Burghgraeve, Laura Deckx, Dirk Schrijvers, Hans Wildiers, Marjan van den Akker
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate dispositional coping strategies as predictors for changes in well-being after one year in older patients with cancer (OCP) and two control groups. METHODS: OCP were compared with two control groups: middle-aged patients with cancer (MCP) (ageing effect) and older patients without cancer (ONC) (cancer effect). Patients were interviewed shortly after a cancer diagnosis and one year later. Dispositional coping was measured with the Short Utrecht Coping List...
November 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161455/responding-to-concerning-posts-on-social-media-insights-and-solutions-from-american-indian-and-alaska-native-youth
#5
Jesse Gritton, Stephanie Craig Rushing, David Stephens, Thomas Ghost Dog, Bradley Kerr, Megan A Moreno
PURPOSE: This study aimed to understand American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) adolescents' perspectives on concerning social media posts, including those expressing suicidal intent. METHODS: A purposive sample of AI/AN youth were recruited; trained facilitators conducted focus groups. Participants discussed experiences viewing concerning posts on social media. Qualitative analysis used the constant comparative method. RESULTS: A total of 32 AI/AN youth ages 14-22 participated...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161222/perspectives-of-mothers-of-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
Katherine A Kuvalanka, Derek J Mahan, Jenifer K McGuire, Tracey K Hoffman
This study represents findings from interviews at two time points with three mothers of transgender and gender-nonconforming (TGNC) children (ages eight to 12 years at T1) with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Of interest was the mothers' experiences of raising a TGNC child with ASD, and whether/how the children's autism played a role in their understandings of their children's gender identities and expressions. The mothers' fear of a transphobic/cisnormative society and wondering about whether their children's ASD influenced or caused their children's gender variance were barriers to fully embracing their children's gender nonconformity...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161221/from-freud-to-feminism-gendered-constructions-of-blame-across-theories-of-child-sexual-abuse
#7
Corry Azzopardi, Ramona Alaggia, Barbara Fallon
Most theories of child sexual abuse are, to some degree, gendered, with nonoffending mothers bearing the burden of blame, ideologically and legally, for the transgressions of predominantly male offenders. This article explores the social construction of blame for child sexual abuse via critical analyses of evolving theoretical perspectives on maternal culpability for the inception and maintenance of abuse dynamics. Drawing on selected conceptual and research knowledge that supports and refutes anecdotal claims, this synthesis of the literature culminates in the proposal of an evidence-informed, feminist-grounded, multitheoretical child sexual abuse framework that disrupts dominant mother-blaming discourse and guides socially just and ethically responsive policy, practice, and research...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161219/a-case-study-perspective-the-experiences-of-young-persons-testifying-to-child-sexual-exploitation-in-british-criminal-court
#8
Elizabeth Ahern, Marlene Kowalski, Michael E Lamb
Three young persons who gave evidence about child sexual exploitation in criminal court using various testimonial supports were interviewed about their testimony experiences. The witnesses reported that they felt extreme pressure to remember events accurately and cared greatly about being believed. None reported their own coping strategies to alleviate stress and took comfort breaks only after they cried on the stand. Defense attorney questions were reportedly repetitive, rapid, confusing, and focused on secondary content rather than the central criminal acts...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161173/a-relational-ethics-framework-for-advancing-practice-with-children-with-complex-health-care-needs-and-their-parents
#9
Franco A Carnevale, Gail Teachman, Aline Bogossian
Children with complex health care needs are an emerging population that commonly requires long-term supportive services. A growing body of evidence has highlighted that these children and their families experience significant challenges. Many of these challenges involve ethical concerns that have been under-recognized. In this article, we (a) outline ethical concerns that arise in clinical practice with children with complex health care needs and their families (e.g.: exclusion of children's voices in discussions and decisions that affect them; difficulties in defining their best interests; clashes across the array of social roles that parents manage; limited recognition of the ethical significance of parents' and other family members' interests) and (b) propose a relational ethics framework for addressing these concerns...
November 21, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161171/at-the-expense-of-a-life-race-class-and-the-meaning-of-buprenorphine-in-pharmaceuticalized-care
#10
Alexandrea E Hatcher, Sonia Mendoza, Helena Hansen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Office-based buprenorphine maintenance has been legalized and promoted as a treatment approach that not only expands access to care, but also reduces the stigma of addiction treatment by placing it in a mainstream clinical setting. At the same time, there are differences in buprenorphine treatment utilization by race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. METHODS: This article draws on qualitative data from interviews with 77 diverse patients receiving buprenorphine in a primary care clinic and two outpatient substance dependence clinics to examine differences in patients' experiences of stigma in relation their need for psychosocial supports and services...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161155/the-use-of-virtual-communities-of-practice-to-improve-interprofessional-collaboration-and-education-findings-from-an-integrated-review
#11
Clodagh McLoughlin, Kunal D Patel, Tom O'Callaghan, Scott Reeves
The recent growth in online technology has led to a rapid increase in the sharing of health related information globally. Health and social care professionals are now using a wide range of virtual communities of practice (VCoPs) for learning, support, continuing professional education, knowledge management and information sharing. In this article, we report the findings from a review of the literature that explored the use of VCoPs by health and social care professionals to determine their potential for interprofessional education and collaboration...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160948/disability-social-functioning-and-school-inclusion-among-older-children-and-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-zimbabwe
#12
Ruramayi Rukuni, Grace McHugh, Edith Majonga, Katharina Kranzer, Hilda Mujuru, Shungu Munyati, Kusum Nathoo, Celia L Gregson, Hannah Kuper, Rashida A Ferrand
OBJECTIVE: Increasing numbers of children with HIV are surviving to adolescence and encountering multiple clinical and social consequences of longstanding HIV infection. We aimed to investigate the association between HIV and disability, social functioning and school inclusion among 6 to 16 year-olds in Zimbabwe. METHODS: HIV-infected children receiving antiretroviral therapy from a public sector HIV clinic, and HIV-uninfected children attending primary care clinics in the same catchment area were recruited...
November 21, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160809/evaluation-of-dietary-intakes-and-supplement-use-in-paralympic-athletes
#13
Robyn F Madden, Jane Shearer, Jill A Parnell
Dietary intakes and supplement use in Paralympic athletes remains largely unexplored, and specialized recommendations are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate nutrient intakes and supplement use in high-performance athletes with physical disabilities using three-day food records and a validated dietary supplement use questionnaire. A secondary aim examined gender differences in nutrient and supplement intakes. Male (n = 18) and female (n = 22) athletes were recruited from nine Paralympic sports through sporting organizations, coaches, and social media...
November 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160737/community-singing-groups-for-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-participant-perspectives
#14
Ann Skingley, Stephen Clift, Sadie Hurley, Sonia Price, Lizzi Stephens
AIM: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major public health issue which is irreversible and progressive, but previous research suggests that singing may have beneficial effects. The aim of this study was to establish the views of participants with COPD taking part in a singing for better breathing programme. METHODS: This was a descriptive qualitative study nested within a single-cohort feasibility study which included measures of lung function and wellbeing...
November 1, 2017: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160719/geographical-proximity-and-depressive-symptoms-among-adult-child-caregivers-social-support-as-a-moderator
#15
Mengting Li, Weiyu Mao, Iris Chi, Vivian W Q Lou
OBJECTIVES: This study examined whether geographical proximity is a predictor of depressive symptoms, and whether family and friend support can moderate the relationship between geographical proximity and depressive symptoms. METHOD: A survey of 557 adult child primary caregivers was conducted in Shanghai, China in 2013. Geographical proximity was measured as a categorical variable: coresidence, short distance (less than 30 minutes' travel time), and long distance (more than 30 minutes' travel time)...
November 21, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160655/quality-of-life-and-adherence-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#16
Patrizia Burra, Alberto Ferrarese, Giuseppe Feltrin
The assessment of Quality of Life (QoL) after transplantation represents an ancillary tool to evaluate the efficacy of solid organ transplantation, in addition to graft and patient survival rates and complication. The global assessment of QoL after transplantation usually confirms the improvement when compared to pre-transplant setting. However, whereas significant improvement in physical activity has been widely reported, several studies have demonstrated that social domain and cognitive function do not reach the level of general population after surgery...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160408/cognitive-performance-of-stunted-pre-school-children-undergoing-nutritional-recovery-treatment
#17
Thaíse Morais Silva, Nassib Bezerra Bueno, Maria de Lourdes da Silva Gomes de Azevedo, Ana Paula Grotti Clemente, Telma Maria de Menezes Toledo Florêncio
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the treatment of stunted children offered at a specialized center influences their cognitive performance. METHODS: Two groups of children from vulnerable families were selected, one consisting of stunted children being treated at the Nutrition Education and Recovery Center (CREN), and the other group of eutrophic children from a local, public day care center. At CREN, children are treated in a day-hospital system (9 hours/day, 5 days/week), receiving medical, nutritional and psycho-pedagogical support...
November 13, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160157/social-support-self-rated-health-and-low-mood-in-people-on-sick-leave-due-to-heart-failure-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Lena Nordgren, Anne Söderlund
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate social support in relation to self-rated health and the prevalence of low mood in people on sick leave due to heart failure. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used, and 590 individuals on sick leave due to heart failure in Sweden responded to the postal questionnaire. The questions therein concerned received and needed functional and structural support from managers, work colleagues, families and friends. Multivariate analyses were conducted...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160007/identification-of-factors-contributing-to-successful-self-directed-weight-loss-a-qualitative-study
#19
N Rafiei, T Gill
BACKGROUND: Despite the number of weight management programmes and their wide promotion, most overweight and obese individuals tend to lose weight on their own. The present study aimed to understand the characteristics and strategies of those who successfully engage in self-directed weight loss, which could empower other overweight and obese individuals with information and strategies to manage their weight on their own. METHODS: Men and women who had lost at least 5% of their body weight without direct interaction with professionals or weight management programmes were recruited...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159904/growing-into-teen-fatherhood-a-grounded-theory-study
#20
C Uengwongsapat, K Kantaruksa, A Klunklin, N Sansiriphun
BACKGROUND: Becoming an adolescent father is a significant and critical life event. Expectant fathers are faced with a concurrent dual developmental crisis: being an adolescent and becoming a father. This transition has a tremendous impact on these adolescents, their families and society. The impact on these individuals and society does not, at this point, seem to be clearly understood. PURPOSE: To explore the process of Thai adolescents becoming first-time fathers with an unplanned pregnancy during their girlfriend's pregnancy...
November 21, 2017: International Nursing Review
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