keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Social support

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103522/perceived-emotional-social-support-in-bereaved-spouses-mediates-the-relationship-between-anxiety-and-depression
#1
Nicholas C Jacobson, Kayla A Lord, Michelle G Newman
BACKGROUND: Prior research has shown that anxiety symptoms predict later depression symptoms following bereavement. Nevertheless, no research has investigated mechanisms of the temporal relationship between anxiety and later depressive symptoms or examined the impact of depressive symptoms on later anxiety symptoms following bereavement. METHODS: The current study examined perceived emotional social support as a possible mediator between anxiety and depressive symptoms in a bereaved sample of older adults (N =250)...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103495/emotion-socialization-and-internalizing-behavior-problems-in-diverse-youth-a-bidirectional-relationship-across-childhood
#2
Naomi V Rodas, Denise A Chavira, Bruce L Baker
Mothers' and fathers' emotion socialization (ES) practices have been widely associated with child socioemotional outcomes. To extend this research, we examined the bidirectional relationship between parent ES practices (supportive and non-supportive parenting) and internalizing behavior problems in children of Anglo and Latino parents. Participants were 182 mothers and 162 fathers and their children with or without intellectual disability (ID). We compared the stability of mother and father ES practices across child ages 4-8...
January 16, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103459/-cultural-competence-in-intervention-with-immigrants-a-comparative-analysis-between-health-professionals-social-workers-and-police-officers
#3
Mariana Gonçalves, Marlene Matos
INTRODUCTION: Cultural diversity places increased demands on services to multicultural populations, so the development of cultural competence by help professionals is currently a concern in institutional practices. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study evaluated the perception of cultural competence of help professional of three distinct areas: health services, social services and criminal police. Through an online questionnaire, we questioned the perception of cultural competence, at four dimensions: cultural awareness, cultural knowledge, technical skills, and organizational support...
October 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103412/what-determines-posttraumatic-stress-and-growth-following-various-traumatic-events-a-study-in-a-turkish-community-sample
#4
Ervin Gul, A Nuray Karanci
This study aimed to examine the roles of personality traits, traumatic event types, coping, rumination, and social support in explaining posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) in a representative community sample of 498 Turkish adults. The results of 2 multiple regression analyses showed that PTS was associated with neuroticism, experiencing events involving intentional/assaultive violence, intrusive and deliberate rumination, and fatalistic coping. In contrast, PTG was related to conscientiousness, openness to experience, injury/shocking and sudden-death type of events, deliberate rumination, problem-solving coping, and perceived social support...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103402/do-same-sex-mounts-function-as-dominance-assertion-in-male-golden-snub-nosed-monkeys-rhinopithecus-roxellana
#5
Pengzhen Huang, Xin He, Endi Zhang, Min Chen
It has been hypothesized that same-sex mounts can reflect the hierarchical relationship in a mounting dyad and it is widely deemed that mounting and being mounted are demonstrations of dominant and subordinate status, respectively. In this research, we aimed to test whether same-sex mounts function as dominance assertion in male golden snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana). We investigated this behavior in eight-individuals, captive all-male unit (AMU) in Shanghai wild animal park, China. Behavioral observations were conducted with a total of 1,855 mounts recorded from November, 2014 to June, 2015, during which the alpha male was replaced in the beginning of April...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103399/for-whom-does-time-heal-wounds-individual-differences-in-stability-and-change-in-posttraumatic-stress-after-the-2011-oslo-bombing
#6
Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland, Marianne Bang Hansen, Ines Blix, Øivind Solberg, Trond Heir
Prospective studies describing and predicting individual differences in the course of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) after disasters are scarce. The present study aimed to describe and predict individual differences in both the level and the rate of change in PTSS after the 2011 Oslo bombing, a terrorist attack directed at the Norwegian government. Survey data from ministerial employees (N = 256) were collected 10, 22, and 34 months after the bombing. We used latent growth modeling to examine the development of PTSS, and to identify the strength of predictor variables...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103266/adherence-to-prophylaxis-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-severe-haemophilia-a-quantitative-study-with-patients
#7
Sandra B van Os, Nick A Troop, Keith R Sullivan, Daniel P Hart
INTRODUCTION: haemophilia is an inherited bleeding disorder caused by a deficiency in one of the blood coagulation factors. For people affected by severe haemophilia, the deficiency can cause spontaneous internal bleeding. Most young people with severe haemophilia in the UK follow a preventative treatment regimen (prophylaxis) consisting of several intravenous injections of factor concentrate each week. There is good evidence that prophylaxis reduces bleeds whilst also improving quality of life...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103179/theory-based-formative-research-on-an-anti-cyberbullying-victimization-intervention-message
#8
Matthew W Savage, Douglas M Deiss, Anthony J Roberto, Elias Aboujaoude
Cyberbullying is a common byproduct of the digital revolution with serious consequences to victims. Unfortunately, there is a dearth of empirically based methods to confront it. This study used social cognitive theory to design and test an intervention message aimed at persuading college students to abstain from retaliation, seek social support, save evidence, and notify authorities-important victim responses identified and recommended in previous research. Using a posttest-only control group design, this study tested the effectiveness of an intervention message in changing college students' perceived susceptibility to and perceived severity of cyberbullying as well as their self-efficacy, response efficacy, attitudes, and behavioral intentions toward each recommended response in future episodes of cyberbullying...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102992/environmental-factors-associated-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-scoping-review-for-the-years-2003-2013
#9
M Ng, J G de Montigny, M Ofner, M T Do
INTRODUCTION: The number of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been rapidly rising in the past decade. The etiology of this disorder, however, is largely unknown, although the environmental relative to the genetic contribution is substantial. We conducted a scoping review to comprehensively assess the current state of knowledge of the environmental factors present from preconception to early life associated with ASD, and to identify research gaps. METHODS: We searched electronic databases MEDLINE, PsycINFO and ERIC for articles on potential risk factors or protective factors from the physical and social environments associated with ASD and its subclassifications published between 1 January, 2003, and 12 July, 2013...
January 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102917/sexual-violence-in-the-college-population-a-systematic-review-of-disclosure-and-campus-resources-and-services
#10
REVIEW
Valerie Halstead, Jessica R Williams, Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To synthesize research examining college student sexual violence disclosure and campus sexual violence resources and services. BACKGROUND: Recently, the issue of sexual violence within the college population has garnered attention worldwide. The prevalence of sexual violence within college students is alarmingly high. Survivors often experience negative outcomes (e.g., health-related consequences, impact on education). Efforts have been made to address this significant public health concern...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102557/cardiovascular-disease-and-prediabetes-as-complex-illness-people-s-perspectives
#11
Kim van Wissen, Michelle Thunders, Karen Mcbride-Henry, Margaret Ward, Jeremy Krebs, Rachel Page
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and sustained high blood glucose as prediabetes are an established comorbidity. People's experience in reconciling these long-term conditions requires deeper appreciation if nurses are to more effectively support person-centred care for people who have them. Our analysis explores the initial experience of people admitted to hospital with CVD who then find they also have sustained high blood glucose. Our methodology is informed by the philosophy of Gadamer and applies interpretive description to develop an interpretation of participant experiences...
January 19, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102501/characteristics-of-social-support-among-teenage-optimal-age-and-advanced-age-women-in-canada-an-analysis-of-the-national-longitudinal-survey-of-children-and-youth
#12
Theresa H M Kim, Michael Rotondi, Jennifer Connolly, Hala Tamim
Background Social support is highly valued and beneficial for women, especially after childbirth. The objective was to examine the differences of social support reported among teen, optimal age, and advanced age women, and to identify the characteristics associated with social support separately for each age group. Methods This was a cross-sectional analysis of the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth. Primiparous women with infants were grouped into: teen (15-19 years), optimal age (20-34 years), and advanced age (35 years and older)...
January 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102012/visual-perception-of-faces-with-unilateral-and-bilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-an-eye-tracking-study
#13
Furkan Dindaroğlu, Servet Doğan, Sonia Amado, Ege Doğan
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypotheses that there are differences between orthodontists, individuals with cleft lip and palate (CLP) and laypersons in the visual perception of faces with unilateral (UCLP) and bilateral cleft lip and palate (BCLP), the faces with UCLP and BCLP are visually perceived differently and the hierarchy of visual attention changes when viewing individuals with CLP. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: Department of Orthodontics and Experimental Psychology at Ege University, İzmir...
February 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101915/early-medieval-stone-lined-graves-in-southern-germany-analysis-of-an-emerging-noble-class
#14
Andreas Rott, Nils Turner, Ulrike Scholz, Kristin von Heyking, Franziska Immler, Joris Peters, Jochen Haberstroh, Michaela Harbeck
OBJECTIVES: Stone-lined graves, which first appear in Bavarian territory during the 7(th) century AD, are assumed to be tombs of emerging nobility. While previous research on stone-lined grave goods supports their status as elite burials, an important factor defining nobility-kinship-has not been examined so far. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Morphological analysis of the commingled skeletal remains of 21 individuals from three archaeological sites was carried out. Radiocarbon dating was conducted on these individuals to gain information on usage intervals of these graves...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101883/mytreehouse-self-concept-assessment-preliminary-psychometric-analysis-of-a-new-self-concept-assessment-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#15
Sau Kuan Cheong, Cathryne P Lang, Sheryl A Hemphill, Leanne M Johnston
AIM: To evaluate the preliminary validity and reliability of the myTREEHOUSE Self-Concept Assessment for children with cerebral palsy (CP) aged 8 to 12 years. METHOD: The myTREEHOUSE Self-Concept Assessment includes 26 items divided into eight domains, assessed across three Performance Perspectives (Personal, Social, and Perceived) and an additional Importance Rating. Face and content validity was assessed by semi-structured interviews with seven expert professionals regarding the assessment construct, content, and clinical utility...
January 19, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101728/implementation-of-an-evidence-based-biobehavioral-treatment-for-cancer-patients
#16
Marlena M Ryba, Brittany M Brothers, Barbara L Andersen
One aim of dissemination and implementation (DI) research is to study the translation of evidence-based treatments (EBTs) from the research environments of their development and testing to broader communities where they are needed. There are few behavioral medicine DI studies and none in cancer survivorship. A determinant model (Setting, Therapist, Education, imPlementation, and Sustainability (STEPS)) was used to conceptualize DI of mental health treatment and frame a longitudinal study of implementation of a behavioral medicine EBT-a biobehavioral intervention (BBI) for cancer patients...
January 18, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101561/wheelchair-donation-in-a-low-resources-setting-utilization-challenges-and-benefits-of-wheelchair-provided-through-a-specialized-seating-programme-in-haiti
#17
Emma Sumner, Colleen O'Connell, Brenda MacAlpine
OBJECTIVE: To describe a 6-month follow-up of a specialized paediatric wheelchair and seating programme in Haiti. DESIGN: Descriptive design using a structured survey and open-ended questions. METHODS: Concurrent with a seating and wheelchair programme conducted in northern Haiti, beneficiaries and their families were introduced to the study, and 86 of 91 consented to future contact. A survey was developed with input from international and local partners, and administered by face-to-face or telephone interviews...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101127/mental-health-and-trauma-in-asylum-seekers-landing-in-sicily-in-2015-a-descriptive-study-of-neglected-invisible-wounds
#18
Anna Crepet, Francesco Rita, Anthony Reid, Wilma Van den Boogaard, Pina Deiana, Gaia Quaranta, Aurelia Barbieri, Francesco Bongiorno, Stefano Di Carlo
BACKGROUND: In 2015, Italy was the second most common point of entry for asylum seekers into Europe after Greece. The vast majority embarked from war-torn Libya; 80,000 people claimed asylum that year. Their medical conditions were assessed on arrival but their mental health needs were not addressed in any way, despite the likelihood of serious trauma before and during migration. Médecins sans Frontières (MSF), in agreement with the Italian Ministry of Health, provided mental health (MH) assessment and care for recently-landed asylum seekers in Sicily...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100830/neural-bases-of-recommendations-differ-according-to-social-network-structure
#19
Matthew Brook O'Donnell, Joseph B Bayer, Christopher N Cascio, Emily B Falk
Ideas spread across social networks, but not everyone is equally positioned to be a successful recommender. Do individuals with more opportunities to connect otherwise unconnected others-high information brokers-use their brains differently than low information brokers when making recommendations? We test the hypothesis that those with more opportunities for information brokerage may use brain systems implicated in considering the thoughts, perspectives, and mental states of others (i.e. 'mentalizing') more when spreading ideas...
January 18, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100820/support-for-the-reproductive-ground-plan-hypothesis-in-a-solitary-bee-links-between-sucrose-response-and-reproductive-status
#20
Karen M Kapheim, Makenna M Johnson
In social bees, foraging behaviour is correlated with reproductive status and sucrose sensitivity via endocrine pathways. This association led to the hypothesis that division of labour in social insect societies is derived from an ancestral ground plan that functions to synchronize dietary preferences with reproductive needs in solitary insects. However, the relationship between these traits is unknown for solitary bees, which represent the ancestral state of social bees. We used the proboscis extension response assay to measure sucrose response among reproductive females of the solitary alkali bee (Nomia melanderi) as a function of acute juvenile hormone (JH) treatments and reproductive physiology...
January 25, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
keyword
keyword
18122
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"