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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332552/practitioner-views-on-the-impacts-challenges-and-barriers-in-supporting-older-survivors-of-sexual-violence
#1
Hannah Bows
Despite half a century of research on both sexual violence and elder abuse, the intersection between the two remains largely unexplored. Using theoretical lenses of feminist criminology and critical feminist gerontology, this article explores the intersection between age and sexual violence drawing on interviews with 23 practitioners supporting older survivors (aged 60 and over). They reported physical and emotional effects of sexual violence leading to limited lifestyles, disengagement from social networks, and reliance on pathogenic coping strategies...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332551/how-narratives-of-fear-shape-girls-participation-in-community-life-in-two-conflict-affected-populations
#2
Marni Sommer, Miguel Munoz-Laboy, Emily Wilkinson Salamea, Johanna Arp, Kathryn L Falb, Nadine Rudahindwa, Lindsay Stark
Numerous social factors shape girls' lives in conflict-affected settings, affecting their vulnerability to gender-based violence (GBV). Qualitative research methods were used to examine spaces of perceived safety and risk for girls living in two conflict-affected populations: camps in Ethiopia hosting primarily South Sudanese and Sudanese refugees and communities in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Three major themes emerged: (a) challenges around caregiver-child communication regarding development, sex, and sexual violence; (b) a typology of safe/risky spaces; and (c) the influence of male-dominated spaces on experiences and fear of GBV...
June 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332550/how-ending-impunity-for-conflict-related-sexual-violence-overwhelmed-the-un-women-peace-and-security-agenda-a-discursive-genealogy
#3
Niamh Reilly
The recent unprecedented focus on ending impunity for conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) is positive in many respects. However, it has narrowed the scope of Security Council Resolution 1325 and the women, peace, and security (WPS) agenda it established in 2000. Through a critical discursive genealogy of the interrelation of two UN agendas-protection of civilians in armed conflict and women, peace, and security-the author traces how CRSV emerged as the defining issue of the latter while the transformative imperative of making women's participation central to every UN endeavor for peace and security has failed to gain traction...
June 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332546/drinking-motives-as-a-moderator-of-the-relationship-between-dating-violence-victimization-and-alcohol-problems
#4
Ellen E Haynes, Catherine V Strauss, Gregory L Stuart, Ryan C Shorey
The present study sought to examine whether drinking motives (i.e., coping, social, conformity, and enhancement) moderated the relationship between physical, sexual, and psychological dating violence victimization and alcohol-related problems in a sample of drinking college women ( N = 177). Results demonstrated that coping and social drinking motives moderated the relationship between sexual victimization and alcohol problems; conformity, social, and enhancement drinking motives moderated the relationship between alcohol-related problems and physical victimization; no significant findings were evident for psychological aggression victimization...
April 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332531/supporting-rape-survivors-through-the-criminal-injuries-compensation-scheme-an-exploration-of-english-and-welsh-independent-sexual-violence-advisors-experiences
#5
Olivia Smith, Jessica Galey
English and Welsh responses to rape have long been critically examined, leading to attempted improvements in the criminal justice system. Despite this, little attention has been paid to the Criminal Injuries Compensation Scheme (CICS) and the difficulties applying it to rape. To begin addressing this gap, researchers interviewed three, and qualitatively surveyed 22, Independent Sexual Violence Advisors. The findings suggest that CICS may not only reinforce rape myths and disadvantage vulnerable survivors, but is also a source of validation and contributes to survivor justice...
October 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332525/bar-training-for-active-bystanders-evaluation-of-a-community-based-bystander-intervention-program
#6
Ráchael A Powers, Jennifer Leili
Bystander intervention programs are proliferating on college campuses and are slowly gaining momentum as sexual violence prevention programs suitable for the larger community. In particular, bystander intervention programs aimed at bar staff have been developed in a number of locations. This study entails the exploratory evaluation of a community-based bystander program for bar staff. Using a pre-posttest design, this study suggests that evidence surrounding the effectiveness of this program is promising as it decreases rape myths, decreases barriers to intervention, and increases bartenders willingness to intervene...
December 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332523/challenging-narratives-of-the-anti-rape-movement-s-decline
#7
Carrie N Baker, Maria Bevacqua
A recent trend in scholarship characterizes the anti-rape movement as founded with radical goals and achieving success at reforming rape laws, but then declining because of co-optation by the state. This article challenges narratives of decline in light of the history of the anti-rape movement and current anti-rape activism. By focusing their critique on criminal justice and therapeutic approaches to sexual violence, and failing to account for the diversity of the anti-rape movement, advocates for narratives of decline ignore parts of the movement that challenge the state and other parts that use broader cultural and community-based strategies to end rape...
March 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332519/integrating-reproductive-health-services-into-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-victim-service-programs
#8
Theresa Gmelin, Claire A Raible, Rebecca Dick, Surabhi Kukke, Elizabeth Miller
This study assessed the feasibility of integrating reproductive health services into intimate partner violence/sexual violence (IPV/SV) programs. After a training for victim service agencies on integration of health services, we conducted semistructured interviews with IPV/SV program leadership. Leadership reported advocates were more likely to recognize the need to refer clients to health services, and revealed challenges operationalizing partnerships with health care centers. Training to integrate basic health assessment into victim services may be one way to address women's urgent health needs...
December 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332509/sexual-scripts-and-criminal-statutes-gender-restrictions-spousal-allowances-and-victim-accountability-after-rape-law-reform
#9
Ethan Czuy Levine
The author provides a mixed-methods assessment of U.S. rape statutes to assess progress in reform. Contemporary statutes offer restrictive frameworks for distinguishing criminal from noncriminal sexual violence, many of which are grounded in gendered and heterosexist assumptions. Fourteen states retain gender restrictions in rape statutes. Twenty maintain marital distinctions that limit accountability for spousal rape. Furthermore, whereas explicit resistance requirements have been eliminated nationwide, implicit resistance expectations manifest through emphasis on physical force and involuntary intoxication...
February 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332495/comparing-violent-victimization-experiences-of-male-and-female-college-attending-emerging-adults
#10
Callie Marie Rennison, Lynn A Addington
Despite increased attention to college student victimization, gaps remain. In particular, relatively little is known about violence against males and females outside sexual and intimate partner violence. This study uses data from the National Crime Victimization Survey to compare male and female students' violent victimization overall as well as relational and sexual violence. Findings reveal gendered differences and similarities. Results have implications for policies to prevent violence and support victims...
September 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331756/-you-re-repulsive-limits-to-acceptable-drunken-comportment-for-young-adults
#11
Sarah MacLean, Amy Pennay, Robin Room
BACKGROUND: Researchers have described a 'culture of intoxication' among young people. Yet drunkenness remains a socially risky practice with potential to evoke emotions of irritation and even disgust. We consider intoxicated practices that young adults in Melbourne, Australia, described as distasteful, to identify contemporary cultural forces that constrain intoxication and limit how it is enacted. METHOD: Interviews were conducted with 60 participants in Melbourne, Australia, each with recent drinking experience...
January 11, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329436/development-of-the-place-based-adelante-social-marketing-campaign-for-prevention-of-substance-use-sexual-risk-and-violence-among-latino-immigrant-youth
#12
E L Andrade, W D Evans, N D Barrett, S D Cleary, M C Edberg, R D Alvayero, E C Kierstead, A Beltran
Immigrant Latino youth represent a high-risk subgroup that should be targeted with health promotion efforts. However, there are considerable barriers to engagement in health-related programming. Little is known about the engagement possibilities of social marketing campaigns and digital strategies for traditionally 'hard-to-reach' immigrants, underscoring the importance of testing these techniques with immigrant Latino adolescents. We developed and piloted a place-based social marketing campaign in coordination with the branded, Positive Youth Development-based (PYD) Adelante intervention targeting risk factors for co-occurring youth substance abuse, sexual risk and violence...
January 9, 2018: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325549/does-exposure-to-interparental-violence-increase-women-s-risk-of-intimate-partner-violence-evidence-from-nigeria-demographic-and-health-survey
#13
Bola Lukman Solanke
BACKGROUND: Exposure to interparental violence (EIPV) has been identified as a risk factor for intimate partner violence (IPV). However, studies in Nigeria have rarely and specifically examined exposure to interparental violence as a predictor of IPV. The objective of the study was to examine the relationship between exposure to interparental violence and women's experience of intimate partner violence. METHODS: The 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) women recode dataset was analysed...
January 11, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325449/analysis-of-dna-methylation-in-young-people-limited-evidence-for-an-association-between-victimization-stress-and-epigenetic-variation-in-blood
#14
Sarah J Marzi, Karen Sugden, Louise Arseneault, Daniel W Belsky, Joe Burrage, David L Corcoran, Andrea Danese, Helen L Fisher, Eilis Hannon, Terrie E Moffitt, Candice L Odgers, Carmine Pariante, Richie Poulton, Benjamin S Williams, Chloe C Y Wong, Jonathan Mill, Avshalom Caspi
OBJECTIVE: DNA methylation has been proposed as an epigenetic mechanism by which early-life experiences become "embedded" in the genome and alter transcriptional processes to compromise health. The authors sought to investigate whether early-life victimization stress is associated with genome-wide DNA methylation. METHOD: The authors tested the hypothesis that victimization is associated with DNA methylation in the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Study, a nationally representative 1994-1995 birth cohort of 2,232 twins born in England and Wales and assessed at ages 5, 7, 10, 12, and 18 years...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324942/mothers-perspective-on-violence-against-children-constructing-meanings
#15
Ana Cláudia de Souza Monteiro, Ana Tereza Rangel Silva Fernandes, Andréa Baia Machado de Oliveira, Ivonete Vieira Pereira Peixoto, Mônica Custódia do Couto Abreu Pamplona
OBJECTIVE: To explore the construct elaborated by the mother on the meaning of violence against the child and to identify, according to the mother's perspective, which measures are most used for the prevention of this phenomenon. METHOD: This is a qualitative research, with the participation of thirty mothers, in a health service in the city of Ananindeua, in the state of Pará, Brazil. The methodology consisted of the categorical content analysis, which identified three categories: Violence, Threats of violence and Protective measures...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317582/health-and-life-satisfaction-for-chinese-gay-men-%C3%A2-in-guangzhou-china
#16
Yong Yu, Shuiyuan Xiao
To understand Chinese gay men's health and life satisfaction in Guanzhou, and to analyze the main factors for life satisfaction.
 Methods: Male gay participants were recruited through respondent-driven sampling and face-to-face investigations with self-administered questionnaires, including a general demographic questionnaire, a suicide questionnaire, the Depression-Anxiety Stress Scale, the Self-Stigma Scale, the Perceived Social Support Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale...
December 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316511/young-africans-social-representations-of-rape-in-their-hiv-related-creative-narratives-2005-2014-rape-myths-and-alternative-narratives
#17
Robyn Singleton, Kate Winskell, Siphiwe Nkambule-Vilakati, Gaëlle Sabben
Sexual violence is both a major human rights issue and an important driver of HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa. While quantitative indicators of sexual violence have evolved to facilitate cross-national comparison and country-level decision making, qualitative findings typically remain constrained to single sites and populations. We analyzed social representations of sexual violence, specifically rape, in a sample of 1446 narratives about HIV written by young Africans between 2005 and 2014. The narratives were written at 5 discrete time points (2005, 2008, 2011, 2013 and 2014) by equal numbers of males and females aged 10-24 in urban and rural areas of Swaziland, Kenya, South-East Nigeria, Burkina Faso and Senegal...
December 26, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313763/sexual-violence-and-the-risk-of-hiv-transmission-in-sexual-partners-of-male-injecting-drug-users-in-tien-du-district-bac-ninh-province-of-vietnam
#18
Do Thi Vinh, Ho Thi Hien, Nguyen Manh Tri, Do Khac Huynh
We conducted a cross-sectional study among 148 women who were regular sexual partners of male injecting drug users in Tien Du, Bac Ninh province, Vietnam to identify the rate of HIV infection and factors associated with HIV transmission among them. HIV infection rate among sexual partners was high, 11.5%. Sexual violence was prevalent, 63.5% among sexual partners; 94.1% (16/17) among those with HIV. We discovered an association between sexual violence and HIV infection. Sexual partners suffering from sexual violence caused by their regular sexual partners faced 9...
January 9, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310741/childhood-interpersonal-violence-and-adult-alcohol-cannabis-and-tobacco-use-disorders-variation-by-race-ethnicity
#19
Jacquelyn L Meyers, Carolyn E Sartor, Kimberly B Werner, Karestan C Koenen, Bridget F Grant, Deborah Hasin
BACKGROUND: Exposure to child maltreatment has been shown to increase lifetime risk for substance use disorders (SUD). However, this has not been systematically examined among race/ethnic groups, for whom rates of exposure to assaultive violence and SUD differ. This study examined variation by race/ethnicity and gender in associations of alcohol (AUD), cannabis (CUD), and tobacco (TUD) use disorders with three types of childhood interpersonal violence (cIPV): physical abuse, sexual abuse, and witnessing parental violence...
January 9, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310065/adverse-childhood-experiences-and-intimate-partner-violence-during-pregnancy-and-their-association-to-postpartum-depression
#20
Bathsheba Mahenge, Heidi Stöckl, Mucho Mizinduko, Jacob Mazalale, Albrecht Jahn
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and intimate partner violence (IPV) are recognized global health problems. Both ACEs and IPV have been linked to adverse physical and mental health problems for both mothers and infants. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of physical and/or sexual ACEs and IPV and their association to symptoms of postpartum depression among postpartum women in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in three health centers in the three districts of Dar es Salaam, comprising Ilala, Kinondoni and Temeke...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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