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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918232/childhood-maltreatment-and-adolescent-sexual-risk-behaviors-unique-cumulative-and-interactive-effects
#1
Marie-Eve Thibodeau, Francine Lavoie, Martine Hébert, Martin Blais
Child maltreatment has been associated with sexual risk behaviors. Previous investigators have typically studied only one form of maltreatment, preventing them from exploring interrelations between forms of maltreatment and their impact on sexual risk behaviors. Thus, this study aims to examine the unique, cumulative, and interactive effects of four maltreatment forms (sexual abuse, physical abuse, neglect, and witnessing interparental violence) on sexual risk behaviors. The sample comprised 1940 sexually active adolescents (Mage=15...
September 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917188/assessing-the-factor-structure-of-the-childhood-trauma-questionnaire-and-cumulative-effect-of-abuse-and-neglect-on-mental-health-among-adolescents-in-conflict-affected-burundi
#2
Ruby Charak, J T V M de Jong, Lidewyde H Berckmoes, Herman Ndayisaba, Ria Reis
The present study aimed to examine the factor structure of the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ; Bernstein & Fink, 1998), highlight rates of abuse and neglect among Burundian adolescents, compare these rates with those found in high-income nations, and examine the cumulative effect of multiple types of abuse and neglect on depression and PTSD symptoms. Participants were 231 adolescents and youth (M=14.9, SD=1.99, 58.4% female) from five provinces of Burundi, a country in Central Africa affected by war and political violence...
September 13, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915992/-boys-should-have-the-courage-to-ask-a-girl-out-gender-norms-in-early-adolescent-romantic-relationships
#3
Sara De Meyer, Anna Kågesten, Kristin Mmari, Juliet McEachran, Elisa Chilet-Rosell, Caroline W Kabiru, Beatrice Maina, Elena M Jerves, Candace Currie, Kristien Michielsen
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study is to explore how gender norms emerge in romantic relationships among early adolescents (EAs) living in five poor urban areas. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Global Early Adolescent Study. The current research analyzed data from interviews with 30 EAs (aged 11-13 years) living in five poor urban sites: Baltimore, Cuenca, Edinburgh, Ghent, and Nairobi. All interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed in English using Atlas...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911791/three-tier-five-level-preventive-strategy-for-domestic-violence-and-sexual-violence-prevention-in-taiwan
#4
Hsiu-Yuan Chang, Chun-Yen Lin, Song-Yan Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903741/is-economic-dependence-on-the-husband-a-risk-factor-for-intimate-partner-violence-against-female-factory-workers-in-nepal
#5
Sunita Dhungel, Pabita Dhungel, Shalik Ram Dhital, Christiane Stock
BACKGROUND: Violence related injury is a serious public health issue all over the world. This study aims to assess the association between several socio-economic factors and intimate partner violence (IPV) in Nepal. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 236 women working in carpet and garment factories in Kathmandu, Nepal. Interviews were conducted to collect quantitative data on three forms of IPV, namely physical violence, psychological violence and sexual violence, as well as on a number of potentially associated factors...
September 13, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903576/mitigating-intimate-partner-violence-among-south-african-women-testing-hiv-positive-during-mobile-counseling-and-testing
#6
L Lauren Brown, Michiel A Riaan Van Zyl
South African women continue to suffer disproportionately from the interlinked epidemics of HIV and intimate partner violence (IPV). Effective strategies are needed to mitigate HIV-related IPV, which often creates barriers to successful engagement along the HIV continuum of care. More information is needed on how IPV impacts women's safety following mobile HCT diagnosis, and the HIV IPV Risk Assessment & Safety-planning (HIRS) protocol was developed to address several related gaps in knowledge. The sample included 255 black South African women experiencing IPV and testing HIV+ during mobile HCT in Gauteng province...
September 13, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903126/substance-use-and-hiv-risk-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-africa-a-systematic-review
#7
Theodorus G M Sandfort, Justin R Knox, Carolina Alcala, Nabila El-Bassel, Irene Kuo, Laramie R Smith
BACKGROUND: Substance use and its relation to HIV risk among men who have sex in Africa, a population at high risk for HIV, has received little attention. METHODS: This systematic review summarizes and discusses findings from 68 empirical studies, published between 1980 and 2016 that included data about substance use in men who have sex with men (MSM) in Africa. RESULTS: Substance use has rarely been the primary focus of studies in African MSM...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902264/intimate-partner-violence-as-a-predictor-of-antenatal-care-service-utilization-in-honduras
#8
Anne K Sebert Kuhlmann, Janine Foggia, Qiang Fu, Manuel Sierra
Objective: To describe the relationship between exposure to physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) and indicators of antenatal care (ANC) service utilization among Honduran women of reproductive age. Methods: Data from the 2011-2012 Honduras Demographic and Health Survey were analyzed to describe the relationship between self-reported exposure to IPV and two ANC outcomes: (1) sufficient ANC visits (defined by the Honduran Ministry of Health as five or more visits) and (2) early ANC initiation (within the first trimester)...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899214/assaulted-and-unheard-violence-against-health-care-staff
#9
James T Brophy, Margaret M Keith, Michael Hurley
Health-care workers regularly face the risk of violent physical, sexual, and verbal assault from their patients. To explore this phenomenon, a collaborative descriptive qualitative study was undertaken by university-affiliated researchers and a union council representing registered practical nurses, personal support workers, and other health-care staff in Ontario, Canada. A total of fifty-four health-care workers from diverse communities were consulted about their experiences and ideas. They described violence-related physical, psychological, interpersonal, and financial effects...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895801/prevalence-of-sexual-assault-victimization-among-college-men-aged-18-24-a-review
#10
R Lane Forsman
PURPOSE: The current review provides summary and evaluation of prevalence data for the sexual victimization of college men ages 18 - 24. METHODS: Potential studies were selected by searching electronic bibliographic databases. Studies were initially selected for inclusion if they (1) assessed prevalence rates of sexual victimization on college campuses and (2) were published in a scholarly journal (3) in the English language. Utilizing this strategy, 3,973 studies were initially identified, of which 5 underwent complete review...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894996/the-relationship-between-parents-intimate-partner-victimization-and-youths-adolescent-relationship-abuse
#11
Weiwei Liu, Elizabeth A Mumford, Bruce G Taylor
Witnessing inter-parental intimate partner violence has been found to be associated with adolescents' own relationship abuse. This study investigates the relationship between patterns of inter-parental intimate partner verbal and physical violence victimization reported by parents and their children's reports of dating abuse experiences and behavior. Latent class analysis was performed on a sample of 610 parents (42% male and 67% white) and their dating adolescent children (ages 12-21 years; 52% male). Parents reported five types of victimization by their partners in the past year, while youth concurrently reported their own victimization and perpetration within their dating relationships...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889861/forensic-science-and-the-right-to-access-to-justice-testing-the-efficacy-of-self-examination-intimate-dna-swabs-to-enhance-victim-centred-responses-to-sexual-violence-in-low-resource-environments
#12
Lisa L Smith, Jon H Wetton, Gurdeep K M Lall, Heather D Flowe, Mark A Jobling
In developed countries, DNA profiling routinely forms part of the forensic strategy in the investigation of sexual violence. Medical examinations provide opportunities for recovering DNA evidence from intimate swabs, which can be particularly probative in cases where the identity of the perpetrator is unknown and proof of intercourse between two people is required. In low-resource environments, such as developing countries, remote geographic locations, conflict (and post-conflict) affected regions and displaced communities where access to medical examinations is lacking, DNA evidence is not available to support prosecutions and perpetrators are rarely identified and held accountable for crimes of sexual violence...
September 2017: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888613/intimate-partner-violence-and-breastfeeding-practices-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#13
REVIEW
Raquel de Souza Mezzavilla, Marina de Figueiredo Ferreira, Cintia Chaves Curioni, Ana Cristina Lindsay, Maria Helena Hasselmann
OBJECTIVE: To review the association between intimate partner violence and breastfeeding practices in the literature. DATA SOURCES: The search was carried out in five databases, including MEDLINE, LILACS, SCOPUS, PsycoINFO, and Science Direct. The search strategy was carried out in February 2017. The authors included original studies with observational design, which investigated forms of intimate partner violence (including emotional, physical, and/or sexual) and breastfeeding practices...
September 6, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887751/hiv-prevention-among-women-who-use-substances-and-report-sex-work-risk-groups-identified-among-south-african-women
#14
Wendee M Wechsberg, Courtney Peasant, Tracy Kline, William A Zule, Jacqueline Ndirangu, Felicia A Browne, Colby Gabel, Charles van der Horst
This cross-sectional study presents baseline data from women (n = 641) in a community-based randomized trial in Pretoria, South Africa. Women were eligible if they reported recent alcohol or other drug (AOD) use and condomless sex. Latent class analyses were conducted separately for those who reported sex work and those who did not. Among those who reported sex work, a Risky Sex class (n = 72, 28%) and Low Sexual Risk class (n = 190, 73%) emerged. Those in the Risky Sex class were more likely to report that their last episode of sexual intercourse was with their boyfriend (vs...
September 8, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887703/examining-the-impact-of-intimate-partner-violence-type-and-timing-on-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-awareness-interest-and-coercion
#15
Tiara C Willie, Jamila K Stockman, Nicole M Overstreet, Trace S Kershaw
Previous research suggests that intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with acceptability of and adherence to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). However, very few studies have examined whether the type (i.e., physical, sexual, and psychological IPV) and timing (i.e., lifetime, past-year) of IPV experiences differentially relate to PrEP awareness, interest, and perceived PrEP coercion. Therefore, the objective of this study is to examine associations between lifetime and past-year physical, sexual, and psychological IPV experiences on PrEP awareness, interest, and perceived PrEP coercion...
September 8, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887140/envisioning-women-centered-hiv-care-perspectives-from-women-living-with-hiv-in-canada
#16
Nadia O'Brien, Saara Greene, Allison Carter, Johanna Lewis, Valerie Nicholson, Gladys Kwaramba, Brigitte Ménard, Elaina Kaufman, Nourane Ennabil, Neil Andersson, Mona Loutfy, Alexandra de Pokomandy, Angela Kaida
BACKGROUND: Women comprise nearly one-quarter of people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Canada. Compared with men, women living with HIV experience inequities in HIV care and health outcomes, prompting a need for gendered and tailored approaches to HIV care. METHOD: Peer and academic researchers from the Canadian HIV Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Cohort Study conducted focus groups to understand women's experience of seeking care, with the purpose of identifying key characteristics that define a women-centered approach to HIV care...
September 5, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883889/a-review-of-factors-affecting-the-transfer-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-training-into-practice-in-low-and-lower-middle-income-country-humanitarian-settings
#17
Kristen Beek, Angela Dawson, Anna Whelan
BACKGROUND: A lack of access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among displaced women and girls of reproductive age. Efforts to address this public health emergency in humanitarian settings have included the widespread delivery of training programmes to address gaps in health worker capacity for SRH. There remains a lack of data on the factors which may affect the ability of health workers to apply SRH knowledge and skills gained through training programmes in humanitarian contexts...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883744/sexual-autonomy-and-contraceptive-use-among-women-in-nigeria-findings-from-the-demographic-and-health-survey-data
#18
Saritha P Viswan, T K Sundari Ravindran, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Max G Petzold, Sharon Fonn
CONTEXT: The persistent low contraceptive use and high fertility in Nigeria despite improvements in educational achievements calls for an examination of the role of factors, which may moderate the use of modern contraception. This article explores the influence of sexual autonomy on the use of modern contraceptive methods among women and its relative importance compared with other, more traditional, indicators of women's autonomy such as education and occupation. DATA AND METHODS: Data from two Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), 2008 and 2013, were used in this study...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883027/addressing-the-knowledge-gap-sexual-violence-and-harassment-in-the-uk-armed-forces
#19
Lauren R Godier, M Fossey
Despite media interest in alleged sexual violence and harassment in the UK military, there remains a paucity of UK-based peer-reviewed research in this area. Ministry of Defence and service-specific reports support the suggestion that UK service personnel may be at risk of experiencing sexual harassment. These reports however highlight a reluctance by service personnel to report sexual harassment through official channels. In this article, we discuss the paucity of UK-based research pertaining to the prevalence and impact of sexual harassment in the military, explore potential reasons for this gap in knowledge and outline future directions and priorities for academic research...
September 6, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880853/health-related-behaviors-and-academic-achievement-among-high-school-students-united-states-2015
#20
Catherine N Rasberry, Georgianne F Tiu, Laura Kann, Tim McManus, Shannon L Michael, Caitlin L Merlo, Sarah M Lee, Michele K Bohm, Francis Annor, Kathleen A Ethier
Studies have shown links between educational outcomes such as letter grades, test scores, or other measures of academic achievement, and health-related behaviors (1-4). However, as reported in a 2013 systematic review, many of these studies have used samples that are not nationally representative, and quite a few studies are now at least 2 decades old (1). To update the relevant data, CDC analyzed results from the 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), a biennial, cross-sectional, school-based survey measuring health-related behaviors among U...
September 8, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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