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Sexual violence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529159/boys-are-victims-too-sexual-dating-violence-and-injury-among-high-risk-youth
#1
Dennis E Reidy, Megan S Early, Kristin M Holland
OBJECTIVE: Prior research with youth exposed to violence suggests that, in this high-risk population, boys may be victims of sexual teen dating violence (TDV) and injury as frequently as girls. We sought to replicate these findings with a demographically similar sample and to determine whether the findings could be attributed the high-risk nature of the sample by assessing the impact of violence exposure on sex differences. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of 2577 youth (ages 11-18, M=15...
May 18, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525565/social-network-clustering-of-sexual-violence-experienced-by-adolescent-girls
#2
Holly B Shakya, Christopher J Fariss, Christopher Ojeda, Anita Raj, Elizabeth Reed
We used data on 3139 girl social network friendship dyads from 3 waves (Waves I 1994-1995, II 1996, and IV 2007-2008), of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health to assess whether friends' reports of Sexual Violence (SV) and friends' substance use risk scores predict adolescent and young adult SV. Longitudinal analyses also tested the association of Wave I/II risk factors with Wave IV reports of SV, and Wave I/II SV with network connectivity at Wave II. Adjusting for her own substance use, each one-point increase in a friend's substance use score increased a respondent's odds of SV by 1...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522978/change-during-psychotherapy-through-sand-play-tray-in-children-that-have-been-sexually-abused
#3
María D L Angeles Tornero, Claudia Capella
This paper presents the results of a qualitative study on the use of sandplay, or sand tray therapy, in the psychotherapeutic process of children who have been sexually abused. A longitudinal study was carried out with seven participants between the ages of 7 and 10 years old. Data was produced during observation of the therapeutic activity over the course of three different phases of treatment, using a rubric created especially for this observation. Three sandplay sessions were recorded: one at the start of therapy, one at the 3-month mark, and the third and final session after 6 months of treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521252/trauma-type-as-a-conditional-risk-factor-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-referred-clinic-sample-of-adolescents
#4
Jani Nöthling, Candice Simmons, Sharain Suliman, Soraya Seedat
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic experiences that are varied in type and severity may lead to the development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Some trauma types present a higher conditional risk for PTSD owing to their nature and impact on growth and functioning. Few studies have investigated the conditional risk of PTSD in clinic referred adolescents in low- and middle-income countries. The aim of the study was to determine the conditional risk for PTSD based on various trauma types (car accidents, other serious accidents, fires, witnessing a natural disaster, witnessing a violent crime, being confronted with traumatic news, witnessing domestic violence, physical abuse and sexual abuse) and to stratify risk by gender...
May 5, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516853/a-gendered-analysis-of-the-shadow-of-sexual-harm-among-a-college-sample
#5
Aimee Petitt, Noelle Linville, Scott York, Carrie L Cook
This study uses survey methodology to examine correlates of fear of crime among men and women to discern the unique impact of risk perception, victimization, vicarious victimization, and fear of sexual harm on fear of crime. Recently, scholars have begun to examine fear separately by gender, which is vital given the unique experiences men and women have with fear and victimization. We examine two different types of fear of crime to determine whether the effects of these correlates differ by crime type across gender...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516837/help-seeking-behavior-among-moroccan-romanian-and-ecuadorian-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence-in-spain
#6
Carmen Vives-Cases, Daniel La Parra
This study aims to identify different types of response to intimate partner violence (IPV) and help-related seeking behavior among Spain's most numerous immigrant groups- Moroccans, Romanians, and Ecuadorians. Women reporting physical, sexual and/or psychological violence by a current or former intimate partner (n = 194) were selected from a cross-sectional study based on 1,607 surveys (2011). There are 84% of surveyed battered women who reported seeking help through informal and/or formal channels. The most frequently reported informal help-seeking behavior was talking with the abusive partner (from 63% to 83%)...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516830/childhood-victimization-attachment-coping-and-substance-use-among-victimized-women-on-probation-and-parole
#7
Amanda Dishon-Brown, Seana Golder, Tanya Renn, Katherine Winham, George E Higgins, T K Logan
Justice-involved women report high rates of victimization across their life span, and these experiences contribute to their involvement in the criminal justice (CJ) system. Within this population, research has identified an overlap among victimization and substance use, a high-risk coping mechanism. Furthermore, research indicates attachment style is related to coping and high-risk behaviors. Research is needed to understand the relationship among these mechanisms as they relate to intimate partner violence (IPV)...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508138/prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-forced-sex-among-south-african-high-school-students
#8
Saloshni Naidoo, Benn Sartorius, Hein de Vries, Myra Taylor
Sexual violence, a global concern, has far reaching consequences for individuals and communities. This survey of South African high school students, reported baseline prevalence and factors associated with forced sex. Data collected among 434 adolescents (54.4% boys; 45.6% girls) used a questionnaire developed using the I-Change Model conceptual framework. Forced sex prevalence was 14.2% (95% CI 9.1, 21.5) with a non-significant difference between females (15.0%) and males (13.6%) (p = 0.781). After multivariable adjustment, urban location (39%), low socio-economic status (15%) and discordant mother/father vital status (20%) remained significant risk factors for forced sex...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504561/sexual-violence-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-college-women-with-a-mental-health-and-or-behavior-disability
#9
Amy Bonomi, Emily Nichols, Rebecca Kammes, Troye Green
OBJECTIVES: We address questions about (1) how college women with a disability experience sexual violence (SV) and intimate partner violence (IPV) across partners, including disability-specific abuse and (2) how SV/IPV impacts psychological, behavioral, physical, and academic life domains. METHODS/DESIGN: Twenty-seven female college students (mean age, 21.2; 66.6% white; 66.6% heterosexual) were randomly sampled from university registrar records. To be eligible for the study, students had to have at least one experience of SV/IPV since age 18 and a disability (88...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504062/the-health-promoting-schools-framework-known-unknowns-and-an-agenda-for-future-research
#10
Rebecca Langford, Christopher Bonell, Kelli Komro, Simon Murphy, Daniel Magnus, Elizabeth Waters, Lisa Gibbs, Rona Campbell
The World Health Organization's Health Promoting Schools (HPS) framework is a whole-school approach to promoting health that recognizes the intrinsic relationship between health and education. Our recent Cochrane systematic review found HPS interventions produced improvements in a number of student health outcomes. Here we reflect on what this review was not able to tell us: in other words, what evidence is missing with regard to the HPS approach. Few HPS interventions engage with schools' "core business" by examining impacts on educational outcomes...
June 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503728/female-undergraduate-s-perceptions-of-intrusive-behavior-in-12-countries
#11
Lorraine Sheridan, Adrian J Scott, John Archer, Karl Roberts
The present study examines young women's (N = 1,734) perceptions of the unacceptability of 47 intrusive activities enacted by men. Female undergraduate psychology students from 12 countries (Armenia, Australia, England, Egypt, Finland, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Portugal, Scotland, Trinidad) indicated which of 47 intrusive activities they considered to be unacceptable. Responses were compared with parasite-stress values, a measure of global gender equality and Hofstede's dimensions of national cultures...
May 15, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502578/evaluation-of-the-expect-respect-support-group-program-a-violence-prevention-strategy-for-youth-exposed-to-violence
#12
Dennis E Reidy, Kristin M Holland, Kai Cortina, Barbara Ball, Barri Rosenbluth
In the present study, we assess the effects of the Expect Respect Support Groups (ERSG) on frequency of teen dating violence (TDV) and general youth violence. ERSG is a school-based violence prevention program for youth who have been exposed to violence in their home, school, or community. Boys and girls (N=1,678, Mage=14.3, S.D.=1.7, Range=11-17) from 36 schools in Texas participated in this accelerated longitudinal (7-year trajectory) study beginning in 2011. Latent growth curve analyses were conducted using three waves of data from three cross-sectional cohorts of adolescents...
May 11, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502218/recommendations-to-reduce-inequalities-for-lgbt-people-facing-advanced-illness-accesscare-national-qualitative-interview-study
#13
Katherine Bristowe, Matthew Hodson, Bee Wee, Kathryn Almack, Katherine Johnson, Barbara A Daveson, Jonathan Koffman, Linda McEnhill, Richard Harding
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, bisexual and/or trans (LGBT) people have higher risk of certain life-limiting illnesses and unmet needs in advanced illness and bereavement. ACCESSCare is the first national study to examine in depth the experiences of LGBT people facing advanced illness. AIM: To explore health-care experiences of LGBT people facing advanced illness to elicit views regarding sharing identity (sexual orientation/gender history), accessing services, discrimination/exclusion and best-practice examples...
April 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501239/economic-insecurity-and-intimate-partner-and-sexual-violence-victimization
#14
Matthew J Breiding, Kathleen C Basile, Joanne Klevens, Sharon G Smith
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has consistently found that low SES is associated with higher levels of both intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexual violence (SV) victimization. Though associated with poverty, two indicators of economic insecurity, food and housing insecurity, have been identified as conceptually distinct social determinants of health. This study examined the relationship between food and housing insecurity experienced in the preceding 12 months and IPV and SV victimization experienced in the preceding 12 months, after controlling for SES and other demographic variables...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500924/caregiver-parenting-and-gender-attitudes-associations-with-violence-against-adolescent-girls-in-south-kivu-democratic-republic-of-congo
#15
Kathryn L Falb, Khudejha Asghar, Betsy Laird, Sophie Tanner, Elizabeth Graybill, Pamela Mallinga, Lindsay Stark
Violence against adolescent girls occurs at alarmingly high rates in conflict-affected settings, in part due to their increased vulnerability from their age and gender. However, humanitarian programming efforts have historically focused either on child abuse prevention or intimate partner violence prevention and have not fully addressed the specific needs of adolescent girls, including engagement of caregivers to reduce risk of violence against adolescent girls. Thus, the objectives of this analysis are to examine the whether gendered and parental attitudes of caregivers in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) were associated with their adolescent girls' experiences of violence and girls' attitudes towards IPV...
May 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499521/investigating-clinically-and-scientifically-useful-cut-points-on-the-compulsive-sexual-behavior-inventory
#16
Michael H Miner, Nancy Raymond, Eli Coleman, Rebecca Swinburne Romine
INTRODUCTION: One of the major obstacles to conducting epidemiologic research and determining the incidence and prevalence of compulsive sexual behavior (CSB) has been the lack of relevant empirically derived cut points on the various instruments that have been used to measure the concept. AIM: To further develop the Compulsive Sexual Behavior Inventory (CSBI) through exploring predictive validity and developing an empirically determined and clinically useful cut point for defining CSB...
May 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499409/in-your-face-the-biased-judgement-of-fear-anger-expressions-in-violent-offenders
#17
Martin Wegrzyn, Sina Westphal, Johanna Kissler
BACKGROUND: Why is it that certain violent criminals repeatedly find themselves engaged in brawls? Many inmates report having felt provoked or threatened by their victims, which might be due to a tendency to ascribe malicious intentions when faced with ambiguous social signals, termed hostile attribution bias. METHODS: The present study presented morphed fear-anger faces to prison inmates with a history of violent crimes, a history of child sexual abuse, and to matched controls form the general population...
May 12, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498592/wpa-international-competency-based-curriculum-for-mental-health-providers-on-intimate-partner-violence-and-sexual-violence-against-women
#18
Donna E Stewart, Prabha S Chandra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494414/relationship-violence-victimization-and-binge-drinking-trajectories-among-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-adolescents
#19
Kate Walsh, Angela M Moreland, Rochelle F Hanson, Heidi S Resnick, Benjamin E Saunders, Dean G Kilpatrick
The present study evaluated the impact of relationship violence (RV) victimization on the longitudinal trajectory of binge drinking (BD) among 3614 US adolescents (51.2% male) who participated in an initial telephone interview regarding physical and sexual RV victimization and binge drinking. Two follow-up phone interviews were completed over approximately three years. Multilevel modeling revealed small, but significant, increases in BD over time; older adolescents and those who had ever experienced RV victimization were more likely to report BD at Wave 1 compared to younger adolescents and non-victims...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493976/-passive-victim-strong-survivor-perceived-meaning-of-labels-applied-to-women-who-were-raped
#20
Michael Papendick, Gerd Bohner
Three experiments (total N = 464) were conducted in parallel with English- and German-speaking participants to examine the perceived meanings and effects of the labels "victim" versus "survivor" (and their German equivalents) when applied to a woman who was raped. In Study 1 (N = 179), participants read a rape vignette and then rated the meaning of the label it contained (either "victim" or "survivor") on a 15-item semantic differential. Independent of language and participant gender, "survivor" was perceived more positively overall (e...
2017: PloS One
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