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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778516/facilitators-of-and-barriers-to-hpv-vaccination-among-sexual-and-gender-minority-patients-at-a-boston-community-health-center
#1
Kaan Z Apaydin, Holly B Fontenot, Derri Shtasel, Sannisha K Dale, Christina P C Borba, Christopher S Lathan, Lori Panther, Kenneth H Mayer, Alex S Keuroghlian
BACKGROUND: Young sexual minority individuals have lower human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine completion rates than the general population, and little is known about how gender minority people perceive HPV vaccination. The aim of this study was to qualitatively identify patient-, provider-, and systems-level barriers and facilitators for HPV vaccination among sexual and gender minority (SGM) people. METHODS: Fifteen SGM-identified individuals, ages 23-26, were recruited at an urban community health center in Boston, MA, that specializes in care for SGM...
May 16, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770367/engaging-religious-leaders-to-support-hiv-prevention-and-care-for-gays-bisexual-men-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-coastal-kenya
#2
Evans Gichuru, Bernadette Kombo, Noni Mumba, Salla Sariola, Eduard J Sanders, Elise M van der Elst
In Kenyan communities, religious leaders are important gatekeepers in matters of health and public morality. In a context that is generally homophobic, religious leaders may aggravate or reduce stigmatization of sexual minorities such as gay and bisexual men, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM). Literature indicates mixed results in efforts to encourage religious leaders to work effectively and sensitively with issues regarding HIV and sexuality. This paper describes the implementation of an engagement intervention with religious leaders from different denominations, which took place following a homophobic hate attack that was led by local religious leaders, at an HIV research clinic for GBMSM on the Kenyan coast...
2018: Critical Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770113/aggression-in-women-behavior-brain-and-hormones
#3
REVIEW
Thomas F Denson, Siobhan M O'Dean, Khandis R Blake, Joanne R Beames
We review the literature on aggression in women with an emphasis on laboratory experimentation and hormonal and brain mechanisms. Women tend to engage in more indirect forms of aggression (e.g., spreading rumors) than other types of aggression. In laboratory studies, women are less aggressive than men, but provocation attenuates this difference. In the real world, women are just as likely to aggress against their romantic partner as men are, but men cause more serious physical and psychological harm. A very small minority of women are also sexually violent...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766438/sexual-orientation-differences-in-outpatient-psychiatric-treatment-and-antidepressant-usage-evidence-from-a-population-based-study-of-siblings
#4
Richard Bränström, Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Petter Tinghög, John E Pachankis
In the past two decades, population-based health surveys have begun including measures of sexual orientation, permitting estimates of sexual orientation disparities in psychiatric morbidity and differences in treatment utilization. The present study takes advantage of the high-quality, comprehensive nationwide health registry data available in Sweden to examine whether psychiatric outpatient treatment for various diagnoses and antidepressant medication usage are greater in sexual minority individuals compared to their siblings...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763683/sexual-and-gender-minority-cigarette-smoking-disparities-an-analysis-of-2016-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-data
#5
Leah Hoffman, Janine Delahanty, Sarah E Johnson, Xiaoquan Zhao
We examined the association between lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) identity, cigarette and e-cigarette use, and potential risk factors in the United States. Using data from 198,057 adults in 26 states in the 2016 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), we estimated the prevalence of cigarette use, e-cigarette use, and potential risk factors by gender identity and sexual identity. Overall and sex-stratified bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions examined whether the relationship between sexual and gender identity and cigarette and e-cigarette use persisted after adjusting for demographics, socio-economic status, and other unhealthy behaviors...
May 12, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752620/mechanism-of-change-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-body-image-and-self-care-on-art-adherence-among-sexual-minority-men-living-with-hiv
#6
Kalina M Lamb, Kelsey A Nogg, Steven A Safren, Aaron J Blashill
Body image disturbance is a common problem reported among sexual minority men living with HIV, and is associated with poor antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence. Recently, a novel integrated intervention (cognitive behavioral therapy for body image and self-care; CBT-BISC) was developed and pilot tested to simultaneously improve body image and ART adherence in this population. Although CBT-BISC has demonstrated preliminary efficacy in improving ART adherence, the mechanisms of change are unknown. Utilizing data from a two-armed randomized controlled trial (N = 44 sexual minority men living with HIV), comparing CBT-BISC to an enhanced treatment as usual (ETAU) condition, sequential process mediation via latent difference scores was assessed, with changes in body image disturbance entered as the mechanism between treatment condition and changes in ART adherence...
May 11, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750769/updates-on-adolescent-dating-and-sexual-violence-prevention-and-intervention
#7
Elizabeth Miller, Kelley A Jones, Heather L McCauley
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Dating and sexual violence victimization are not uncommon in early adolescence and increase in prevalence throughout adolescence into young adulthood with profound health and social consequences. Greater attention to what works in prevention is needed to inform current policies and practices. RECENT FINDINGS: Adolescent dating violence (ADV) and sexual violence victimization, including cyber dating abuse, are highly prevalent among adolescents...
May 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743084/assessing-reported-cases-of-sexual-and-gender-based-violence-causes-and-preventive-strategies-in-european-asylum-reception-facilities
#8
Charlotte Oliveira, Ines Keygnaert, Maria do Rosário Oliveira Martins, Sónia Dias
BACKGROUND: Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) is a widespread public health problem and a violation of human rights rooted in gender and power inequities. Refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants living in European asylum reception facilities (EARF) are especially vulnerable to SGBV. To contribute to closing the gap on systematic and accurate evidence on SGBV, we aim to explore reported cases of SGBV, causes and preventable measures described by residents and professionals from EARF...
May 9, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741980/sexual-orientation-group-differences-in-perceived-stress-and-depressive-symptoms-among-young-adults-in-the-united-states
#9
Evan A Krueger, Ilan H Meyer, Dawn M Upchurch
PURPOSE: Overall, sexual minorities have poorer mental health than heterosexual individuals, and stress is thought to underlie such disparities. However, sexual minorities include both those identifying as lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) and many who do not (e.g., individuals identifying as mostly heterosexual, or as heterosexual but with discordant same-sex attractions or behaviors), and little is known about the mental health or stress experiences of non-LGB identified sexual minorities...
May 9, 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741472/qualitative-analysis-of-attitudes-towards-adult-child-sexual-activity-among-minor-attracted-persons
#10
Sharron A Spriggs, Lisa J Cohen, Ashley Valencia, Yaseen S Zimri, Igor I Galynker
This study uses qualitative methodology to explore narrative responses to a question regarding the harmful vs. beneficial effects of adult-child sex on children. Data was gathered from a survey of self-identified Minor Attracted Persons (MAPs). Two-hundred and sixty seven survey participants provided narrative responses. Results indicated a significant amount of variability in perceptions of harm and of mitigating or aggravating factors. Understanding the subjective perspectives of MAPs, the range of their attitudes, and the issues that they identify as pertinent is critically important for clinical efficacy in the treatment of pedophilia...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738426/pharmacological-treatment-of-sexual-offenders-in-german-outpatient-treatment-centers
#11
Daniel Turner, Priscilla Gregório Hertz, Julia Sauter, Peer Briken, Martin Rettenberger
In Germany, depending on a sexual offender's culpability and the severity of the offence, he/she can be placed either in the forensic-psychiatric or the correctional system. Numbers related to the pharmacological treatment of sexual offenders for the correctional system are missing so far. In sexual offenders, the pharmacological treatment of paraphilic disorders is of special importance. The present study aimed at assessing the prevalence of pharmacological sexual offender treatment in German outpatient treatment centers supervising mainly clients from the correctional sector...
May 4, 2018: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738190/recruiting-and-engaging-african-american-men-in-health-research
#12
Schenita Randolph, Tanya Coakley, Jeffrey Shears
BACKGROUND: Improving the health of black and minority ethnic (BME) men in the US continues to be a public health priority. Compared with men of other races and ethnicities, African-American men have higher rates of mortality and morbidity from chronic illness and diseases including cancer, heart disease, prostate cancer, diabetes and HIV/AIDS. One way to address these disparities is to include African-American men in health research, to elicit their perspectives on health risks and protective factors...
May 8, 2018: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737465/gaba-a-receptor-density-is-not-altered-by-a-novel-herbal-anxiolytic-treatment
#13
Ravid Doron, Avital Sever, Assaf Handelsman, Roni Toledano, Motty Franko, Yafit Hirshler, Alon Shamir, Or Burstein, Moshe Rehavi
Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent and considered a major public health concern worldwide. Current anxiolytics are of limited efficacy and associated with various side effects. Our novel herbal treatment (NHT), composed of four constituents, was shown to reduce anxiety-like behavior while precluding a common side effect caused by current anxiolytics, i.e., sexual dysfunction. Nevertheless, NHT's mechanism of action is yet to be determined. There is evidence that some medicinal herbs interact with the GABAergic system...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience: MN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730313/exploring-detection-of-contact-vs-fantasy-online-sexual-offenders-in-chats-with-minors-statistical-discourse-analysis-of-self-disclosure-and-emotion-words
#14
Ming Ming Chiu, Kathryn C Seigfried-Spellar, Tatiana R Ringenberg
This exploratory study is the first to identify content differences between youths' online chats with contact child sex offenders (CCSOs; seek to meet with youths) and those with fantasy child sex offenders (FCSOs; do not meet with youths) using statistical discourse analysis (SDA). Past studies suggest that CCSOs share their experiences and emotions with targeted youths (self-disclosure grooming tactic) and encourage them to reciprocate, to build trust and closer relationships through a cycle of self-disclosures...
May 3, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726972/disparities-in-sleep-duration-and-restedness-among-same-and-different-sex-couples-findings-from-the-american-time-use-survey
#15
Alexa Martin-Storey, Kate C Prickett, Robert Crosnoe
Study Objectives: The importance of sleep for health necessitates investigation of disparities in multiple aspects of sleep. Given the potential disruption to sleep posed by the well-documented discrimination experienced by sexual minorities, disparities related to sexual minority status warrant such attention. This study sought to (1) measure differences in same- and different-sex couples in sleep duration and perceived restedness, (2) examine how the link between sleep duration and restedness varied among same and different sex couples, and (3) assess variation in restedness across state-level sexual minority indicators...
May 3, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723686/minority-stress-perceived-burdensomeness-and-depressive-symptoms-among-sexual-minority-youth
#16
Laura Baams, Judith Semon Dubas, Stephen T Russell, Rosemarie L Buikema, Marcel A G van Aken
Although studies have shown links between minority stress and mental health (e.g., Meyer, 2003), there is little research explaining this association. Research has suggested that adequate coping skills might protect youth from the negative impact of stress (Compas et al., 2017). Thus, we aimed to examine: 1) whether associations between minority stress and depressive symptoms occurred through mechanisms of perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness, and 2) whether these associations were dependent on level of problem-solving coping (moderated mediation)...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717635/sexual-and-gender-minority-health-in-medical-curricula-in-new-england-a-pilot-study-of-medical-student-comfort-competence-and-perception-of-curricula
#17
Nicole Sitkin Zelin, Charlotte Hastings, Brendin R Beaulieu-Jones, Caroline Scott, Ana Rodriguez-Villa, Cassandra Duarte, Christopher Calahan, Alexander J Adami
BACKGROUND: Sexual and gender minority (SGM) individuals experience high rates of harassment and discrimination when seeking healthcare, which contributes to substantial healthcare disparities. Improving physician training about gender identity, sexual orientation, and the healthcare needs of SGM patients has been identified as a critical strategy for mitigating these disparities. In 2014, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) published medical education competencies to guide undergraduate medical education on SGM topics...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709663/predictors-of-maternal-support-following-children-s-sexual-abuse-disclosures
#18
Rachel Wamser-Nanney, Julia C Sager
Despite the importance of parental support following children's sexual abuse (CSA) disclosures, there is a dearth of research regarding the predictors of support. Much of the prior literature is limited by the use of small sample sizes, measures of support without adequately reported psychometric properties, and inadequate or inconsistent definitions of support, which hinders the ability to accurately identify key predictors. Further, some potentially important predictors of parental support remain unexplored, including child-reported abuse stressors (e...
April 27, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708623/eating-disorders-symptoms-in-sexual-minority-women-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Paolo Meneguzzo, Enrico Collantoni, Davide Gallicchio, Paolo Busetto, Marco Solmi, Paolo Santonastaso, Angela Favaro
BACKGROUND: Although the literature consistently shows increased levels of psychological distress in the gay population, less evidence-and with contrasting findings-is available with regard to lesbian women. The aim of the present study is to review the literature in the eating disorders (EDs) field in order to provide further data on the frequency of EDs symptoms in sexual minority women. METHOD: A systematic review of the studies identified by electronic database search (PubMed, Ovid, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar) up to August 2017...
April 30, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701600/the-credibility-of-testimony-from-minors-allegedly-victims-of-abuse-within-the-italian-legislative-framework
#20
REVIEW
G Montanari Vergallo, E Marinelli, V Mastronardi, N M di Luca, S Zaami
The authors aim to analyze the key aspects related to the testimony of children who might have been victims of sexual harassment and abuse. The issue of medico-legal psychiatric assessment of minors who claim to have been sexually abused is extremely contentious and widely-debated, not only due to the growing spread of such claims, but also on account of the technical challenges it raises. For these reasons, national as well as European lawmakers have intervened by enacting new legislation, and scientific communities have established new sets of guidelines aimed at improving the overall conditions under which a child is called to testify as well as the process through which depositions are collected and evaluated, so as to ensure that any assessment of the reliability of the testimony is scientifically grounded...
January 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
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