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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918540/a-mixed-method-assessment-of-a-pilot-peer-advocate-intervention-for-rural-gender-and-sexual-minorities
#1
Cathleen E Willging, Audrey Harkness, Tania Israel, David Ley, Patricia S Hokanson, Catherine DeMaria, Aaron Joplin, Verida Smiley
Mental health disparities affect lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) people in rural America. There are few empirically-based mental health interventions for this population. This exploratory study uses a mixed-method approach to assess implementation issues related to the feasibility, acceptability, appropriateness, and preliminary impacts of a novel peer-based intervention designed to enhance support and treatment engagement among rural LGBTQ people with mental distress and/or addiction issues...
September 16, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916559/omics-analyses-of-trichoderma-reesei-cbs999-97-and-qm6a-indicate-a-relevance-of-female-fertility-for-cazyme-and-transporter-levels
#2
Doris Tisch, Kyle R Pomraning, James R Collett, Michael Freitag, Scott E Baker, Chia-Ling Chen, Paul Wei-Che Hsu, Yu Chien Chuang, Andre Schuster, Christoph Dattenböck, Eva Stappler, Michael Sulyok, Stefan Böhmdorfer, Josua Oberlerchner, Ting-Fang Wang, Monika Schmoll
The filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei is predominantly found in the tropics, but also in more temperate regions, such as Europe and is widely known as producer of high amounts of plant cell wall degrading enzymes. We sequenced the genome of the sexually competent isolate CBS999.97, which is phenotypically different from female sterile QM6a, but can cross sexually with QM6a. Transcriptome data for growth on cellulose showed that entire CAZyme families are consistently differentially regulated between these strains...
September 15, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910253/characterizing-non-monosexual-women-at-risk-for-poor-mental-health-outcomes-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Lori E Ross, Melissa H Manley, Abbie E Goldberg, Alia Januwalla, Keisha Williams, Corey E Flanders
OBJECTIVES: Non-monosexual women - those who report attraction to or sexual relationships with individuals of more than one gender - have elevated risk for poor mental health outcomes. We aimed to examine which elements of non-monosexual experience are associated with this elevated risk. METHODS: We conducted a sequential exploratory mixed methods analysis of qualitative interview and survey data from 39 non-monosexual women recruited consecutively through prenatal care providers...
September 14, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903675/interactive-effects-of-obvious-and-ambiguous-social-categories-on-perceptions-of-leadership-when-double-minority-status-may-be-beneficial
#4
John Paul Wilson, Jessica D Remedios, Nicholas O Rule
Easily perceived identities (e.g., race) may interact with perceptually ambiguous identities (e.g., sexual orientation) in meaningful but elusive ways. Here, we investigated how intersecting identities impact impressions of leadership. People perceived gay Black men as better leaders than members of either single-minority group (i.e., gay or Black). Yet, different traits supported judgments of the leadership abilities of Black and White targets; for instance, warmth positively predicted leadership judgments for Black men but dominance positively predicted leadership judgments for White men...
June 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903670/daily-autonomy-support-and-sexual-identity-disclosure-predicts-daily-mental-and-physical-health-outcomes
#5
Nicole Legate, Richard M Ryan, Ronald D Rogge
Using a daily diary methodology, we examined how social environments support or fail to support sexual identity disclosure, and associated mental and physical health outcomes. Results showed that variability in disclosure across the diary period related to greater psychological well-being and fewer physical symptoms, suggesting potential adaptive benefits to selectively disclosing. A multilevel path model indicated that perceiving autonomy support in conversations predicted more disclosure, which in turn predicted more need satisfaction, greater well-being, and fewer physical symptoms that day...
June 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903647/intergroup-contact-and-social-change-implications-of-negative-and-positive-contact-for-collective-action-in-advantaged-and-disadvantaged-groups
#6
Nils Karl Reimer, Julia C Becker, Angelika Benz, Oliver Christ, Kristof Dhont, Ulrich Klocke, Sybille Neji, Magdalena Rychlowska, Katharina Schmid, Miles Hewstone
Previous research has shown that (a) positive intergroup contact with an advantaged group can discourage collective action among disadvantaged-group members and (b) positive intergroup contact can encourage advantaged-group members to take action on behalf of disadvantaged outgroups. Two studies investigated the effects of negative as well as positive intergroup contact. Study 1 ( n = 482) found that negative but not positive contact with heterosexual people was associated with sexual-minority students' engagement in collective action (via group identification and perceived discrimination)...
January 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901829/resilience-to-discrimination-and-rejection-among-young-sexual-minority-males-and-transgender-females-a-qualitative-study-on-coping-with-minority-stress
#7
Laura Jane Bry, Brian Mustanski, Robert Garofalo, Michelle Nicole Burns
Sexual minority and transgender status is associated with mental health disparities, which have been empirically and theoretically linked to stressors related to social stigma. Despite exposure to these unique stressors, many sexual minority and transgender individuals will not experience mental health disorders in their lifetime. Little is known about the specific processes that sexual minority and transgender youth use to maintain their wellbeing in the presence of discrimination and rejection. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 sexual minority males and transgender females aged 18-22 years, who currently met criteria for an operationalized definition of resilience to depression and anxiety...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900753/fertility-treatment-for-the-transgender-community-a-public-opinion-study
#8
Randi H Goldman, Daniel J Kaser, Stacey A Missmer, Leslie V Farland, Scout, Rachel K Ashby, Elizabeth S Ginsburg
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to evaluate public opinion regarding fertility treatment and gamete cryopreservation for transgender individuals and identify how support varies by demographic characteristics. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional web-based survey study completed by a representative sample of 1111 US residents aged 18-75 years. Logistic regression was used to calculate odd ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of support for/opposition to fertility treatments for transgender people by demographic characteristics, adjusting a priori for age, gender, race, and having a biological child...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895801/prevalence-of-sexual-assault-victimization-among-college-men-aged-18-24-a-review
#9
R Lane Forsman
PURPOSE: The current review provides summary and evaluation of prevalence data for the sexual victimization of college men ages 18 - 24. METHODS: Potential studies were selected by searching electronic bibliographic databases. Studies were initially selected for inclusion if they (1) assessed prevalence rates of sexual victimization on college campuses and (2) were published in a scholarly journal (3) in the English language. Utilizing this strategy, 3,973 studies were initially identified, of which 5 underwent complete review...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891676/pornography-use-in-sexual-minority-males-associations-with-body-dissatisfaction-eating-disorder-symptoms-thoughts-about-using-anabolic-steroids-and-quality-of-life
#10
Scott Griffiths, Deborah Mitchison, Stuart B Murray, Jonathan M Mond
OBJECTIVE: We examined two hypotheses regarding the potential association of pornography use with body image-related and eating disorder-related psychopathology among sexual minority males (i.e. non-heterosexual males). Our primary hypothesis was that pornography use would be associated with males' body dissatisfaction, eating disorder symptoms, thoughts about using anabolic steroids and quality of life impairment; our secondary hypothesis was that the type of pornography, namely, professional versus amateur pornography, which contains idealised and non-idealised (i...
September 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888127/environmental-injustice-and-sexual-minority-health-disparities-a%C3%A2-national-study-of-inequitable-health-risks-from-air-pollution-among-same-sex-partners
#11
Timothy W Collins, Sara E Grineski, Danielle X Morales
Air pollution is deleterious to human health, and numerous studies have documented racial and socioeconomic inequities in air pollution exposures. Despite the marginalized status of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) populations, no national studies have examined if they experience inequitable exposures to air pollution. This cross-sectional study investigated inequities in the exposure of same-sex partner households to hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) in the US. We examined cancer and respiratory risks from HAPs across 71,207 census tracts using National Air Toxics Assessment and US Census data...
September 6, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885894/comparison-of-self-identified-minor-attracted-persons-who-have-and-have-not-successfully-refrained-from-sexual-activity-with-children
#12
Lisa Cohen, Nwayieze Ndukwe, Zimri Yaseen, Igor Galynker
The present study compares community-based minor attracted persons (MAPs) with and without histories of sexual activity with children. MAP-Actors (N = 342) were significantly older than Non-Actors (N = 223), with longer duration of pedophilic attraction, more antisocial traits, greater attraction to boys, greater difficulty controlling their attraction and more positive attitudes towards adult-child sexual activity. Additionally, more MAP-Actors reported prior mental health treatment, nonsexual offenses, and childhood sexual and nonsexual abuse...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876167/sexual-orientation-based-discrimination-excessive-alcohol-use-and-substance-use-disorders-among-sexual-minority-adults
#13
Megan E Slater, Dionne Godette, Boji Huang, W June Ruan, Bradley T Kerridge
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between sexual orientation-based discrimination and excessive alcohol use and substance use disorders and to identify how these relationships differ by sexual identity, sex, race, Hispanic origin, and education among sexual minorities. METHODS: We used logistic regression to analyze associations between discrimination and substance use measures among 1351 gay/lesbian, bisexual, or unsure adults from a nationally representative survey...
September 6, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875956/seroepidemiology-of-syphilis-infection-among-2-million-reproductive-age-women-in-rural-china-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#14
Kai-Ju Liao, Shi-Kun Zhang, Min Liu, Qiao-Mei Wang, Jue Liu, Hai-Ping Shen, Yi-Ping Zhang
Background: Quantifying syphilis prevalence is important for planning interventions and advocating for resources on syphilis. However, data on large sample studies regarding the prevalence of syphilis among reproductive-age women in rural China were not available for analysis. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence, epidemiological characteristics, and related factors of syphilis infection among reproductive-age women in rural China. Methods: Data were obtained from a nationwide, population-based, cross-sectional study under the National Free Preconception Health Examination Project which covered all the 31 provinces in Mainland China...
September 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875351/parents-perspectives-about-adolescent-boys-involvement-in-biomedical-hiv-prevention-research
#15
Brian Mustanski, Kathryn Macapagal, Matthew Thomann, Brian A Feinstein, Michael E Newcomb, Darnell Motley, Celia B Fisher
Research on the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among adolescents at high risk for HIV is urgently needed, and parents' perspectives on these studies are essential for guiding the responsible conduct of adolescent PrEP research. We conducted interviews with 30 parents of adolescent boys (50% known/presumed heterosexual; 50% sexual minority) to understand their views of research risks and benefits and parental permission regarding their son's involvement in a hypothetical PrEP adherence trial. Parents identified several health and educational benefits of the study and expressed that waiving parental permission would overcome barriers to accessing PrEP, particularly for youth who may benefit most...
September 5, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874333/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-erectile-dysfunction-in-chinese-adult-males
#16
Xinyu Zhang, Bin Yang, Ni Li, Hongjun Li
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of nationwide epidemiologic survey data on the prevalence estimate of erectile dysfunction (ED) in Chinese men living on the mainland China. AIM: To attain the representative prevalence estimate of ED in the Chinese male population and to analyze potential risk factors associated with ED by demographics, socioeconomic status, and medical comorbidities. METHODS: The study was community based. The five-item Internation Index of Erectile Function questionnaire and in-person interview were used to obtain data...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873213/bioethics-children-and-the-environment
#17
Timothy F Murphy
Queer perspectives have typically emerged from sexual minorities as a way of repudiating flawed views of sexuality, mischaracterized relationships, and objectionable social treatment of people with atypical sexuality or gender expression. In this vein, one commentator offers a queer critique of the conceptualization of children in regard to their value for people's identities and relationships. According to this account, children are morally problematic given the values that make them desirable, their displacement of other beings and things entitled to moral protection, not to mention the damaging environmental effects that follow in the wake of population growth...
September 5, 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869204/safety-of-live-robotic-surgery-results-from-a-single-institution
#18
Gabriel Ogaya-Pinies, Haidar Abdul-Muhsin, Hariharan Palayapalayam-Ganapathi, Xavier Bonet, Travis Rogers, Bernardo Rocco, Rafael Coelho, Eduardo Hernandez-Cardona, Cathy Jenson, Vipul Patel
BACKGROUND: Live surgery events (LSEs) have become one of the most attended activities at surgical meetings and provide a unique opportunity for the audience to observe the decision-making process used by skilled and experienced surgeons in real time. However, there is an ongoing discussion on whether patients treated during LSE are at higher risk of complications. OBJECTIVE: To examine LSE outcomes for robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) and establish patient safety and efficacy...
August 28, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867823/studying-sex-a-content-analysis-of-sexuality-research-in-counseling-psychology
#19
Candice Crowell, Della V Mosley, Danelle Stevens-Watkins
Using a sex positive framework, the authors conducted a 61-year (1954-2015) content analysis of sexuality research in the flagship counseling psychology journals, the Journal of Counseling Psychology and The Counseling Psychologist. Given counseling psychology's core strengths- and multiculturalism-related values, this study aimed to uncover which human sexuality topics were published most, whether publications aligned with a sex positive, neutral, or negative discourse, what methodologies were used, and differences in how populations were investigated across race...
May 2017: Counseling Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866791/comparing-perceived-effectiveness-of-fda-proposed-cigarette-packaging-graphic-health-warnings-between-sexual-and-gender-minorities-and-heterosexual-adults
#20
Andy S L Tan, Cabral A Bigman, Rebekah H Nagler, Sara Minsky, Kasisomayajula Viswanath
BACKGROUND: In 2012, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration proposed nine graphic health warnings (GHWs) on cigarette packaging that were rated equally effective across racial/ethnic, education, or income groups of adult smokers. However, data on GHW effectiveness among sexual and gender minority (SGM) adults, who have higher smoking prevalence, are currently lacking. This study analyzed whether perceived effectiveness of GHWs differed by gender and sexual orientation. METHODS: Data came from a randomized experiment among 1,200 adults with an oversample from low socioeconomic status groups, conducted between 2013 and 2014 in three Massachusetts communities...
September 2, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
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