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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724163/-how-active-is-the-catholic-church-in-the-prevention-of-sexual-abuse-preliminary-results-of-the-mhg-study
#1
Harald Dreßing, Dieter Dölling, Dieter Hermann, Barbara Horten, Alexandra Collong, Andreas Kruse, Eric Schmitt, Jörg Hinner, Britta Bannenberg, Andreas Hoell, Elke Voss, Hans Joachim Salize
Objective A subproject of the study "Sexual abuse of minors by Catholic priests and deacons in the authority of the German Bishops' conference" deals with aspects of prevention. Method Structured questions were used to record objective data on preventive work. The questionnaire was completed in all 27 dioceses of Germany. Results The average hourly rate available for the work of the prevention officers is about 30 hours per week. At the end of 2014, 59 % of clerics were involved in preventive training. The temporal extent of prevention training differs greatly between individual dioceses...
July 19, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723467/human-papillomavirus-infection-and-vaccination-in-males
#2
REVIEW
Eugenio Ventimiglia, Simon Horenblas, Asif Muneer, Andrea Salonia
CONTEXT: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the commonest sexually transmitted pathogen in humans and is linked to the aetiopathogenesis for both benign and malignant disease in men. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and summarise the evidence for HPV infection and vaccination in men. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A search of Medline, PubMed, and Scopus was performed to identify articles published in English within the last 10 yr addressing HPV epidemiology, the natural history of HPV infection and its long-term consequences, and vaccination in men...
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720015/sexual-violence-by-juveniles-in-institutions-a-descriptive-study-on-prevalence-and-circumstances
#3
Marc Allroggen, Jeannine Ohlert, Thea Rau, Jörg M Fegert
Adolescents in institutionalized care are at a particularly high risk of exhibiting sexually aggressive behavior including sexual harassment. So far, however, studies about the prevalence of sexually aggressive behavior in institutions are lacking. In this survey, 322 adolescents (43% female, average age 16.7 years) from 32 residential care facilities and boarding schools across Germany were asked about sexually aggressive behavior via a standardized questionnaire. Overall, 23.5% of the participants engaged in some form of sexually aggressive behavior in their lives, and 4...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719246/disparities-in-exposure-to-intimate-partner-violence-among-transgender-gender-nonconforming-and-sexual-minority-primary-care-patients
#4
Sarah E Valentine, Sarah M Peitzmeier, Dana S King, Conall O'Cleirigh, Samantha M Marquez, Cara Presley, Jennifer Potter
PURPOSE: We investigated the odds of intimate partner violence (IPV) among primary care patients across subgroups of transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) individuals relative to cisgender women, and cisgender sexual minority men and women relative to cisgender heterosexual men and women. METHODS: Participants completed an IPV screener as part of routine primary care visits at an urban community health center (N = 7572). Electronic medical record data were pooled for all patients who received the IPV screener January 1 to December 31, 2014...
July 18, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719237/ask-and-tell-the-importance-of-the-collection-of-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity-data-to-improve-the-quality-of-cancer-care-for-sexual-and-gender-minorities
#5
Matthew B Schabath, Meghan Bowman Curci, Peter A Kanetsky, Susan T Vadaparampil, Vani N Simmons, Julian A Sanchez, Steven K Sutton, Christopher Wheldon, Gwendolyn P Quinn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717883/first-postpubertal-male-same-sex-sexual-experience-in-the-national-health-and-social-life-survey-current-functioning-in-relation-to-age-at-time-of-experience-and-partner-age
#6
Bruce Rind
This study used an important data set to examine long-term adjustment and functioning in men, who as adolescents had sexual experiences with men. The data came from the National Health and Social Life Survey, which used a national probability sample (Laumann, Gagnon, Michael, & Michaels, 1994). Three perspectives were considered, which offered different predictions. From the "child sexual abuse" (CSA) paradigm, which dominates clinical, legal, and lay views, expected was robust evidence for poorer adjustment, given that intense harm is assumed to be intrinsic...
July 17, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715612/it-s-complicated-navigating-multiple-identities-in-small-town-america
#7
Angela D Ferguson, Marie L Miville
During the past few years, research focused on individuals who identify as gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) have increased. However, much of this literature focuses on White LGBT individuals, and less on individuals who have intersected identities, such as being both gay/lesbian and a person of color. Consequently, this population becomes obscured in scholarly discourses, thus being made "invisible" with regard to theory, research, and clinical interventions, with the result that clinicians are provided little or no knowledge of theories or best practices when working with individuals who are both sexual minority and people of color...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715275/twice-silenced-the-underreporting-of-child-sexual-abuse-in-orthodox-jewish-communities
#8
David Katzenstein, Lisa Aronson Fontes
Child sexual abuse remains an underreported crime throughout the world, despite extensive research and resources dedicated both to improving investigative techniques and helping children disclose their experiences. The discovery of rampant cover-ups within the Catholic Church has exposed some of the ways religious and cultural issues can impede reporting to authorities. This article examines specific factors that contribute to the underreporting of child sexual abuse within Orthodox Jewish communities. It also explores ways in which these communities have handled child sexual abuse reporting in the past and describes recent progress...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702163/slow-stamen-movement-in-a-perennial-herb-decreases-male-male-and-male-female-interference
#9
Lingyan Wang, Yu Bao, Hanxi Wang, Chunguang He, Ping Wang, Lianxi Sheng, Zhanhui Tang
Approximately 80 % of angiosperm species produce hermaphroditic flowers, which face the problem of male-male sexual interference (one or more anthers gets in the way of disseminating pollen from other anthers) or male-female sexual interference (the pistil interferes with disseminating pollen from the anthers by preventing the anther from touching a pollinator, or the anther prevents pollinator from depositing outcross pollen on the stigma). Slow stamen movement in hermaphrodite flowers has been interpreted as an adaptation for reducing male-male sexual interference...
July 2017: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700963/application-of-dip-strs-to-sexual-physical-assault-investigations-eight-case-reports
#10
Fabio Oldoni, Vincent Castella, Diana Hall
DIP-STRs are compound markers formed by a deletion/insertion polymorphism linked to a microsatellite. They enable the deconvolution of unbalanced DNA mixtures from two individuals, up to 1000 fold excess of one contributor. In practice, this novel tool allows to test for the presence of a DNA of interest in traces appearing not useful because of the masking effect of the major DNA contributor. Thus far two sets of DIP-STRs have been published: the first set was described as proof-of-principle, while the second set was specifically developed for forensic applications...
July 1, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700299/chronic-health-conditions-and-key-health-indicators-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-older-us-adults-2013-2014
#11
Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen, Hyun-Jun Kim, Chengshi Shui, Amanda E B Bryan
OBJECTIVES: To examine disparities in chronic conditions and health indicators among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adults aged 50 years or older in the United States. METHODS: We used data from the 2013 and 2014 National Health Interview Survey to compare disparities in chronic conditions, health outcomes and behaviors, health care access, and preventive health care by sexual orientation and gender. RESULTS: LGB older adults were significantly more likely than heterosexual older adults to have a weakened immune system and low back or neck pain...
August 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700295/reasons-for-caution-when-emphasizing-health-disparities-for-sexual-and-gender-minority-adults-in-public-health-campaigns
#12
Joseph G L Lee, Hope Landrine, Ryan J Martin, Derrick D Matthews, Paige E Averett, Jeff Niederdeppe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698071/bilateral-plication-of-the-puborectal-muscles-a-new-surgical-concept-for-treating-vulvar-widening
#13
Maëva Serrand, Annick Lefebvre, Emmanuel Delorme
OBJECTIVES: This study describe a new myorraphy technique by bilateral plication of the puborectalis bundles (PRP) of the levator ani muscle to treat vulvovaginal widening. The aim of this work was to report our preliminary experience in terms of morbidity and results (anatomical and functional) in the short and medium term. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This single centre retrospective study concerned 69 women who underwent PRP between January 2011 and December 2014. The main criterion for judging success was the GH before and after surgery (Genital Hiatus in the POP-Q classification: Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification System)...
July 8, 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697624/evaluating-a-novel-intervention-to-reduce-trauma-symptoms-and-sexual-risk-taking-qualitative-exit-interviews-with-sexual-minority-men-with-childhood-sexual-abuse
#14
S Wade Taylor, Brett M Goshe, Samantha M Marquez, Steven A Safren, Conall O'Cleirigh
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) continues to affect sexual minority men (SMM) at disproportionate levels and contributes to multiple negative health outcomes, including sexual-risk taking and HIV acquisition. This paper presents qualitative evaluative feedback from SMM (N = 9) who participated in a 10-session Cognitive Behavioral Therapy-Trauma and Sexual Health (CBT-TSH) intervention to reduce CSA-related posttraumatic stress reaction and distress. The treatment was designed to increase accurate sexual risk appraisals and to improve self-care health behaviors related to HIV/STI acquisition...
July 12, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695154/the-role-of-minority-stressors-in-lesbian-relationship-commitment-and-persistence-over-time
#15
Renzo J Barrantes, Asia A Eaton, Cindy B Veldhuis, Tonda L Hughes
The Investment Model of relationship commitment uses interpersonal investment, relationship satisfaction, quality of alternatives, and commitment to predict relationship longevity (Rusbult, 1980, 1983). Although ample support for the Investment Model has been found in heterosexual couples, it appears to be less powerful in predicting stability in same-sex relationships (Beals, Impett, & Peplau, 2002), potentially because the model does not account for factors unique to same-sex relationships, such as anti-gay discrimination...
June 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694710/modeling-ecodevelopmental-context-of-sexually-transmitted-disease-hiv-risk-and-protective-behaviors-among-african-american-adolescents
#16
Ya-Huei Li, Osaro Mgbere, Susan Abughosh, Hua Chen, Paula Cuccaro, Ekere James Essien
Risk and protective processes are integrated developmental processes that directly or indirectly affect behavioral outcomes. A better understanding of these processes is needed, in order to gauge their contribution to sexual risk behaviors. This retrospective cross-sectional study modeled the ecodevelopmental chain of relationships to examine the social contexts of African-American (AA) adolescents associated with sexually transmitted disease (STD)- and HIV-risk behaviors. We used data from 1,619 AA adolescents with an average age of 16±1...
2017: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692946/victimization-as-a-mediator-of-alcohol-use-disparities-between-sexual-minority-subgroups-and-sexual-majority-youth-using-the-2015-national-youth-risk-behavior-survey
#17
Gregory Phillips, Blair Turner, Paul Salamanca, Michelle Birkett, Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Michael E Newcomb, Rachel Marro, Brian Mustanski
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use among underage youth is a significant public health concern. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, alcohol is the "drug of choice" among adolescents, meaning more youth use and abuse alcohol than any other substance. Prevalence of alcohol use is disproportionately higher among sexual minority youth (SMY) than among their heterosexual peers. We examined sexual identity and sexual behavior disparities in alcohol use, and the mediational role of bullying in a sample of high school students...
June 29, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692209/the-science-of-durban-aids-2016
#18
Chris Beyrer, Olive Shisana, Stefan D Baral, Koleka Milsana, Kenneth H Mayer, Anton Pozniak, Bruce D Walker, Souleman Mboup, Annette H Sohn, David Serwadda, Helen Rees, Sergii Dvoriak, Mitchell Warren, Safiatou Thiam, Wafaa M El-Sadr, Xavier Hospital, Owen Ryan, Nicolas Thomson, Linda-Gail Bekker
INTRODUCTION: The science presented at the 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa, in July 2016, addressed the state of the field across basic, clinical, prevention, law and policy and implementation science. METHODS AND RESULTS: The AIDS response has seen remarkable achievements in scientific advances, in translation of those advances into prevention, treatment and care for affected individuals and communities, and in large scale implementation - reaching 18 million people with antiviral therapy by mid-year 2016...
June 30, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688996/zika-virus-dynamics-when-does-sexual-transmission-matter
#19
Ondrej Maxian, Anna Neufeld, Emma J Talis, Lauren M Childs, Julie C Blackwood
The Zika virus (ZIKV) has captured worldwide attention with the ongoing epidemic in South America and its link to severe birth defects, most notably microcephaly. ZIKV is spread to humans through a combination of vector and sexual transmission, but the relative contribution of these transmission routes to the overall epidemic remains largely unknown. Furthermore, a disparity in the reported number of infections between males and females has been observed. We develop a mathematical model that describes the transmission dynamics of ZIKV to determine the processes driving the observed epidemic patterns...
June 29, 2017: Epidemics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685871/ensuring-community-participation-during-program-planning-lessons-learned-during-the-development-of-a-hiv-sti-program-for-young-sexual-and-gender-minorities
#20
José A Bauermeister, Emily S Pingel, Triana Kazaleh Sirdenis, Jack Andrzejewski, Gage Gillard, Gary W Harper
HIV/STI incidence has shifted to a younger demographic, comprised disproportionately of gay and bisexual men, transgender women, and people of color. Recognizing the importance of community organizing and participatory engagement during the intervention planning process, we describe the steps taken to engage diverse constituents (e.g., youth and practitioners) during the development of a structural-level HIV/STI prevention and care initiative for young sexual and gender minorities in Southeast Michigan. Our multi-sector coalition (MFierce; Michigan Forward in Enhancing Research and Community Equity) utilized a series of community dialogues to identify, refine, and select programmatic strategies with the greatest potential...
July 7, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
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