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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813172/rabbit-neutering-in-primary-care-education-insights-from-a-surgical-clinic
#1
Livia Benato, Jennifer Hammond
Involvement in canine and feline surgical neutering clinics is generally considered to be a key element of primary-care veterinary education, yet opportunities for veterinary students to develop their surgical skills with rabbit patients are uncommon. This is despite the fact that rabbits are currently estimated to be the third-most popular companion animal species and the fact that the British Small Animal Veterinary Association (BSAVA) recommends that all non-breeding rabbits be neutered soon after they attain sexual maturity...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810471/gay-men-s-experiences-with-prostate-cancer-implications-for-future-research
#2
Michael A Hoyt, David M Frost, Eric Cohn, Brett M Millar, Michael A Diefenbach, Tracey A Revenson
Gay men's experiences with prostate cancer and its impact on health-related quality of life are poorly understood. This qualitative study explored gay men's experience with prostate cancer with a focus on the emotional, physical, and sexual impact of cancer; support needs; and healthcare interactions. Three semi-structured focus groups of gay men with prostate cancer were conducted. A conventional content analytic approach was used to identify six primary content areas that described poignant aspects of the men's experience with prostate cancer: minority stress, intimacy and sexuality concerns, impact on life outlook, healthcare experiences, social support and the gay community, and intersectional identities...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810195/alcohol-use-and-receipt-of-alcohol-screening-and-brief-intervention-in-a-representative-sample-of-sexual-minority-and-heterosexual-adults-receiving-health-care
#3
Keren Lehavot, John R Blosnich, Joseph E Glass, Emily C Williams
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence of alcohol disparities between sexual minority and heterosexual individuals in the general population, research has not examined whether there are disparities in receipt of alcohol screening and brief intervention - together considered one of the highest prevention priorities for US adults. This study examined differences in alcohol use and receipt of alcohol screening and brief intervention across sexual minority status. METHODS: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2014 data from eight US states were used to estimate patterns of alcohol use and receipt of alcohol screening and brief intervention among persons reporting sexual orientation and a checkup in the last two years (N=47,800)...
August 2, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809923/generalized-structural-equations-improve-sexual-selection-analyses
#4
Sonia Lombardi, Giacomo Santini, Giovanni Maria Marchetti, Stefano Focardi
Sexual selection is an intense evolutionary force, which operates through competition for the access to breeding resources. There are many cases where male copulatory success is highly asymmetric, and few males are able to sire most females. Two main hypotheses were proposed to explain this asymmetry: "female choice" and "male dominance". The literature reports contrasting results. This variability may reflect actual differences among studied populations, but it may also be generated by methodological differences and statistical shortcomings in data analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809767/using-reported-rates-of-sexually-transmitted-diseases-to-illustrate-potential-methodological-issues-in-the-measurement-of-racial-and-ethnic-disparities
#5
Harrell W Chesson, Chirag G Patel, Thomas L Gift, Kyle T Bernstein, Sevgi O Aral
BACKGROUND: Racial disparities in the burden of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) have been documented and described for decades. Similarly, methodological issues and limitations in the use of disparity measures to quantify disparities in health have also been well documented. The purpose of this study was to use historic STD surveillance data to illustrate four of the most well-known methodological issues associated with the use of disparity measures. METHODS: We manually searched STD surveillance reports to find examples of racial/ethnic distributions of reported STDs that illustrate key methodological issues in the use of disparity measures...
September 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806370/will-veterans-answer-sexual-orientation-and-gender-identity-questions
#6
Mollie A Ruben, John R Blosnich, Melissa E Dichter, Lorry Luscri, Jillian C Shipherd
BACKGROUND: The Veterans Health Administration does not routinely collect and document sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) data, despite existing health disparities among sexual and gender minority Veterans. Because of the legacy of previous Department of Defense (DoD) policies that prohibited disclosure of sexual or gender minority identities among active duty personnel, Veterans may be reluctant to respond to SOGI questions. OBJECTIVES: This population-based study assesses item nonresponse to SOGI questions by Veteran status...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801945/bullying-victimization-trajectories-for-sexual-minority-adolescents-stable-victims-desisters-and-late-onset-victims
#7
Paul R Sterzing, Jeremy J Gibbs, Rachel E Gartner, Jeremy T Goldbach
Sexual minority adolescents are bullied more frequently than heterosexual peers. Research is lacking on their rates of general and sexual orientation bullying victimization. The present study identified (1) the rate, onset, and desistance of general and sexual orientation bullying victimization, (2) the rate of bullying victimization trajectories, and (3) risk and protective factors across trajectories. A life history calendar method and thematic analysis were employed with a sexual minority adolescent sample (N = 52, 14-20 y/o)...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800283/predator-pet-lesbian-or-just-the-nanny-lgbtq-parents-of-children-with-disabilities-describe-categorization
#8
Margaret F Gibson
How are lesbian/gay/bisexual/trans/queer (LGBTQ) parents of children with disabilities categorized by service providers, and how do parents anticipate, interpret, and respond to such categorizations? This intersectional study investigated the experiences of LGBTQ parents of children with disabilities with service providers in Toronto, Canada. Parents described pressures to "fit" into providers' limited understanding of family. Some parents described facing overt discrimination, including one parent who was seen as a possible sexual predator...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800279/more-than-a-feeling-an-empirical-analysis-of-the-dual-continua-model-on-a-national-sample-of-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-identified-canadians
#9
Tracey Peter
The goal of the study is to investigate whether positive mental health complements mental illness within a theoretically informed (the dual-continua model) and psychometrically tested (the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form) framework. National-level, population-based data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey on Mental Health (CCHS-MH) was used, with comparisons between sexual minority and heterosexual adults. Results show that gay, lesbian, and bisexual Canadians have substantially lower rates of positive mental health and are more likely to have been diagnosed with a mental illness, with the disparities between health and illness being the most pronounced among lesbians and bisexual females...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799477/partner-abuse-among-hiv-positive-sexual-minority-men-that-was-all-i-deserved
#10
David W Pantalone, Sarah E Valentine, Michelle A Jackson, Michele P Andrasik, Jane M Simoni
Living with HIV can be both a precipitant and a consequence of partner abuse (PA) across populations, including male-male partnerships. However, overlapping experiences of living with HIV and experiencing PA are not well characterized. We conducted 24 qualitative interviews with urban HIV-positive sexual minority men (SMM) recruited from a public hospital HIV clinic in Seattle, Washington, who reported lifetime PA histories, and analyzed them using content analysis. Participants reported psychological, physical, and sexual victimization from partners, varying in severity...
September 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798997/high-stakes-for-the-health-of-sexual-and-gender-minority-patients-of-color
#11
Judy Y Tan, Arshiya A Baig, Marshall H Chin
As clinicians, educators, and researchers, our ability to provide the best possible care to our patients who are sexual and gender minority (SGM) people of color is increasingly challenged. Relative to the general population, SGM patients often have worse health outcomes, and among SGM patients, racial and ethnic minorities are particularly vulnerable. Healthcare policies proposed by the current administration, along with an increasingly hostile and dangerous social climate, have the potential to seriously harm SGM patients of color...
August 10, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796578/sharing-sex-secrets-on-facebook-a-content-analysis-of-youth-peer-communication-and-advice-exchange-on-social-media-about-sexual-health-and-intimate-relations
#12
Tien Ee Dominic Yeo, Tsz Hang Chu
Social media present opportunities and challenges for sexual health communication among young people. This study is one of the first to examine the actual use of Facebook for peer communication of sexual health and intimate relations. Content analysis of 2186 anonymous posts in a "sex secrets" Facebook page unofficially affiliated with a Hong Kong University shows gender balance among posters, inclusiveness of sexual minorities, and frequent sharing of personal experiences in storytelling or advice seeking...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794047/no-substantial-evidence-for-sexual-transmission-of-minority-hiv-drug-resistance-mutations-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#13
Antoine Chaillon, Masato Nakazawa, Joel O Wertheim, Susan J Little, Davey M Smith, Sanjay R Mehta, Sara Gianella
During primary HIV-infection, the presence of minority drug resistant mutations (DRM) may be a consequence of sexual transmission, de novo mutations or technical errors. Baseline blood samples were collected from 24 HIV-infected antiretroviral-naive, genetically- and epidemiologically- linked source and recipient partners, shortly after the recipient's estimated date of infection. An additional 32 longitudinal samples were available from 11 recipients. Deep-sequencing of HIV reverse transcriptase (RT) was performed (Roche/454) and screened for nucleoside and non-nucleoside RT inhibitor DRM...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793306/different-but-overlapping-populations-of-strongyloides-stercoralis-in-dogs-and-humans-dogs-as-a-possible-source-for-zoonotic-strongyloidiasis
#14
Tegegn G Jaleta, Siyu Zhou, Felix M Bemm, Fabian Schär, Virak Khieu, Sinuon Muth, Peter Odermatt, James B Lok, Adrian Streit
Strongyloidiasis is a much-neglected soil born helminthiasis caused by the nematode Strongyloides stercoralis. Human derived S. stercoralis can be maintained in dogs in the laboratory and this parasite has been reported to also occur in dogs in the wild. Some authors have considered strongyloidiasis a zoonotic disease while others have argued that the two hosts carry host specialized populations of S. stercoralis and that dogs play a minor role, if any, as a reservoir for zoonotic S. stercoralis infections of humans...
August 9, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792280/social-stressors-and-intoxicated-sex-among-an-online-sample-of-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-drawn-from-seven-countries
#15
Anna N Chard, Nicholas S Metheny, Patrick S Sullivan, Rob Stephenson
BACKGROUND: Rates of drug and alcohol use are higher among men who have sex with men (MSM) than the general adult male population, and are often associated with increased sexual risk-taking. OBJECTIVES: We aim to examine the prevalence of drunk or high sex and their associations with socio-demographic characteristics, gay social network size, and social stress among an online sample of MSM drawn from seven countries. METHODS: Sexually-active MSM aged over 18 residing in Australia, Brazil, Canada, South Africa, Thailand, the United Kingdom, or the United States were recruited through Facebook for a quantitative survey (n = 2,403) in 2012...
August 9, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777713/the-cultural-functions-and-social-potential-of-queer-monuments-a-preliminary-inventory-and-analysis
#16
Joe Joe Orangias, Jeannie Simms, Sloane French
Public monuments function as cultural agents, reifying dominant public narratives or fostering change. Either way, their representation of people and events intervene in public discourse and contribute to cultural, economic, political, and social environments. Queer monuments, defined here as heritage sites that honor gender and sexual minorities, represent communities that have often been excised in dominant public narratives. This article provides a preliminary global inventory of queer monuments and describes three of their major functions: (1) to provide visibility and reduce stigma; (2) to educate the public on the abuse and attempted extermination of gender and sexual minorities; and (3) to stimulate public debate and discourse about gender and sexual minority rights...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777685/sexual-minority-disparities-in-substance-use-willingness-among-youth
#17
Kristi E Gamarel, Ethan H Mereish, Suzanne M Colby, Nancy P Barnett, Kerri Hayes, Kristina M Jackson
BACKGROUND: Disparities in substance use have been observed in sexual minority youth, but less is known about willingness to use substances, an important precursor to actual use. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to examine willingness to use cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana among sexual minority youth compared to their non-sexual minority counterparts using both cross-sectional and longitudinal data. METHODS: The present study drew on two waves (Times 1 and 2; 6 months apart) of data collected during high school as part of a prospective study of substance use initiation and progression in Rhode Island...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774287/programme-reporting-standards-prs-for-improving-the-reporting-of-sexual-reproductive-maternal-newborn-child-and-adolescent-health-programmes
#18
Anna E Kågesten, Özge Tunçalp, Anayda Portela, Moazzam Ali, Nhan Tran, A Metin Gülmezoglu
BACKGROUND: Information about design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation is central to understand the impact of programmes within the field of sexual, reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health (SRMNCAH). Existing reporting guidelines do not orient on reporting of contextual and implementation issues in sufficient detail. We therefore developed Programme Reporting Standards (PRS) to be used by SRMNCAH programme implementers and researchers. METHODS: Building on the first step of the PRS development (a systematic review to identify reporting items), we conducted a three-round online Delphi consensus survey with experts...
August 3, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771095/educators-observations-of-children-s-display-of-problematic-sexual-behaviors-in-educational-settings
#19
Lesley-Anne Ey, Elspeth McInnes
It is widely recognized that children are sexual beings and their sexual development begins at an early age. Recently, there has been some concern about children's sexual behavior in educational settings (Knowles 2014). Obtaining a better understanding of what behaviors children are displaying in these settings provides valuable information to inform teacher education in this area as well as support systems for children. One hundred and seven Australian educators from care organizations, preschools, and government, independent, and Catholic primary schools participated in an extensive online questionnaire in relation to their understanding of and experiences with children's problematic sexual behaviors and their management strategies...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771094/coming-out-experiences-of-hispanic-sexual-minority-young-adults-in-south-florida
#20
Karina Gattamorta, Narciso Quidley-Rodriguez
Sexual minority youth and young adults (SMYYA) have higher prevalence of mental and behavioral health problems potentially linked to experiences of discrimination, stigma, and rejection. Among Hispanics, the intersection of stressors related to being an ethnic and sexual minority may result in compounding adverse outcomes. Coming out may play an important role in experiencing discrimination, stigma, and rejection. However, limited research examines coming out among Hispanic SMYYA (HSMYYA). This qualitative study seeks to understand the coming out experiences of HSMYYA living in South Florida...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
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