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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634680/stability-of-upper-face-sexual-dimorphism-in-central-european-populations-czech-republic-during-the-modern-age
#1
Šárka Bejdová, Ján Dupej, Václav Krajíček, Jana Velemínská, Petr Velemínský
One of the most fundamental issues in forensic anthropology is the determination of sex and population affinity based on various skeletal elements. Therefore, we compared the sexual dimorphism of the upper facial skeleton from a recent Czech population (twenty-first century) with that of a population from Early Modern Age Bohemia (sixteenth to eighteenth centuries). Methods of geometric morphometrics were applied. According to the results, sexual dimorphism in terms of size, shape, and form was statistically significant in both populations...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632006/psychosocial-obstacles-to-smoking-cessation-attempts-among-young-adult-sexual-minority-women-who-smoke
#2
José A Bauermeister, Emily J Youatt, Emily S Pingel, Jorge H Soler, Michelle M Johns
Sexual minority women (SMW; i.e., women who identify their sexuality as lesbian, bisexual, or something other than heterosexual) report greater smoking behaviors than their heterosexual counterparts across all ages. We conducted a multivariable regression to examine the correlates of prior smoking cessation attempts and smoking cessation intentions in a sample of young SMW who smoke (N = 338; aged 18-24 years). Covariates included sociodemographic characteristics (i.e., race/ethnicity, sexual identity, age, urbanity), general (i...
February 21, 2017: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630877/male-partnered-sexual-minority-women-sexual-identity-disclosure-to-health-care-providers-during-the-perinatal-period
#3
Abbie E Goldberg, Lori E Ross, Melissa H Manley, Jonathan J Mohr
Male-partnered sexual minority women (SMW) have received little research attention, despite the fact that they represent a large proportion of SMW - particularly child-bearing SMW. Male-partnered SMW are less "out" than female-partnered SMW and will likely be "read" as heterosexual by perinatal providers. Given this, and evidence that pregnant women have unique mental health care needs, the current study focuses on male-partnered SMW (n = 28) during the perinatal period, recruited from Toronto, Canada and Massachusetts, USA, in an effort to understand disclosure and concealment processes in general and to perinatal heath care providers specifically...
March 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630036/understanding-health-information-seeking-on-the-internet-among-sexual-minority-people-cross-sectional-analysis-from-the-health-information-national-trends-survey
#4
Jennifer M Jabson, Joanne G Patterson, Charles Kamen
BACKGROUND: Individuals who face barriers to health care are more likely to access the Internet to seek health information. Pervasive stigma and heterosexism in the health care setting are barriers to health care for sexual minority people (SMP, ie, lesbian, gay, and bisexual people); therefore, SMP may be more likely to use the Internet as a source of health information compared to heterosexual people. OBJECTIVE: Currently, there is a dearth of published empirical evidence concerning health information seeking on the Internet among SMP; the current project addresses this gap...
June 19, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618391/daily-level-associations-between-ptsd-and-cannabis-use-among-young-sexual-minority-women
#5
Emily R Dworkin, Debra Kaysen, Michele Bedard-Gilligan, Isaac C Rhew, Christine M Lee
INTRODUCTION: Sexual minority women have elevated trauma exposure and prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared to heterosexual women and they are also more likely to use cannabis, although no research has examined relationships between PTSD and cannabis use in this population. Daily-level methodologies are necessary to examine proximal associations between PTSD and use. METHODS: This study included 90 trauma-exposed young adult women who identified as sexual minorities (34...
June 8, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608788/increases-in-the-rate-of-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-among-gay-bisexual-and-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-findings-from-the-sexually-transmitted-disease-surveillance-network-2010-2015
#6
Mark R Stenger, Preeti Pathela, Greta Anschuetz, Heidi Bauer, Julieann Simon, Robert Kohn, Christina Schumacher, Elizabeth Torrone
BACKGROUND: Inequalities in Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonorrhea) burden by sexual minority status in the United States are difficult to quantify. Sex of sex partner is not routinely collected for reported cases. Population estimates of men who have sex with men (MSM) necessary to calculate case rates have not been available until recently. For these reasons, trends in reported gonorrhea rates among MSM have not been described across multiple jurisdictions. METHODS: We estimated of the number of MSM cases reported in 6 jurisdictions continuously participating in the STD Surveillance Network 2010-2015 based on interviews with a random sample of cases...
July 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608294/internalized-homophobia-and-drug-use-in-a-national-cohort-of-gay-and-bisexual-men-examining-depression-sexual-anxiety-and-gay-community-attachment-as-mediating-factors
#7
Raymond L Moody, Tyrel J Starks, Christian Grov, Jeffrey T Parsons
The minority stress process of internalized homophobia (IH) has been associated with a range of adverse health outcomes among gay and bisexual men (GBM). However, evidence is mixed regarding the effect of IH on drug use, suggesting the potential role of multiple mediated pathways. Researchers have linked depression, sexual anxiety, and gay community attachment with IH. Depression, sexual anxiety, and gay community attachment have also been linked with drug use and drug-related problems suggesting potential mediating roles...
June 12, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607602/cervical-cancers-manifest-a-high-rate-of-infection-by-a-high-risk-human-papilloma-virus-subtype-but-a-very-low-rate-of-infection-by-a-low-risk-subtype-in-the-guiyang-district-of-china
#8
Juan Peng, Yan Yuan, Feng Shen, Yan Wang, Lichan Chen, D Joshua Liao, Yujie Tan
The prevalence of infection by different genotypes of human papillomavirus (HPV) varies among different geographic areas. We studied the prevalence of infection by 21 HPV genotypes in cervical tissue specimens from 4213 women in the Guiyang district, that is located in the southwest of China and is dominated by minor ethnicities of Chinese, and 2074 cases in our cohort had pathological diagnosis available. The overall infection rate was 36.98%. Most (72.08%) infectors were positive for only one HPV subtype, with the remaining being cases infected by two or more subtypes...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602558/public-health-information-in-crisis-affected-populations-a-review-of-methods-and-their-use-for-advocacy-and-action
#9
REVIEW
Francesco Checchi, Abdihamid Warsame, Victoria Treacy-Wong, Jonathan Polonsky, Mark van Ommeren, Claudine Prudhon
Valid and timely information about various domains of public health underpins the effectiveness of humanitarian public health interventions in crises. However, obstacles including insecurity, insufficient resources and skills for data collection and analysis, and absence of validated methods combine to hamper the quantity and quality of public health information available to humanitarian responders. This paper, the second in a Series of four papers, reviews available methods to collect public health data pertaining to different domains of health and health services in crisis settings, including population size and composition, exposure to armed attacks, sexual and gender-based violence, food security and feeding practices, nutritional status, physical and mental health outcomes, public health service availability, coverage and effectiveness, and mortality...
June 7, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601749/waterpipe-tobacco-smoking-among-sexual-minorities-in-the-united-states-evidence-from-the-national-adult-tobacco-survey-2012-2014
#10
Kasim Ortiz, Jamal Mamkherzi, Ramzi Salloum, Alicia K Matthews, Wasim Maziak
OBJECTIVE: The current study examined differences in waterpipe smoking (both lifetime and current) comparing sexual minority populations - those identifying with lesbian, gay, or bisexual identity - to their heterosexual counterparts using a nationally representative dataset. METHODS: The current study used pooled data from the 2012-2013 & 2013-2014 National Adult Tobacco Survey (NATS). Log-Poisson multivariable regression models were deployed to determine the prevalence of waterpipe smoking behavior among sexual minority individuals controlling for sociodemographic characteristics and stratified by current gender status...
June 8, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601620/sexual-orientation-health-inequality-evidence-from-understanding-society-the-uk-longitudinal-household-study
#11
Cara L Booker, Gerulf Rieger, Jennifer B Unger
Few studies from the United Kingdom have fully investigated inequalities between members of different sexual minority groups and heterosexuals over range of health outcomes. Using data from over 40,000 individuals, this study explores the health inequalities of sexual minority UK adults. We include respondents who identify as other and those who prefer not to say (PNS). Data come from wave three (2011-2012) of the nationally-representative Understanding Society, the UK Household Longitudinal Study. Sexual orientation was asked in the self-completion portion of the study...
June 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598550/sexual-orientation-disparities-in-mistimed-and-unwanted-pregnancy-among-adult-women
#12
Bethany G Everett, Katharine F McCabe, Tonda L Hughes
CONTEXT: Many sexual minority women, regardless of sexual identity, engage in heterosexual behavior across the life course, which provides them opportunities to experience an unintended pregnancy. In addition, sexual minority women are more likely than others to report characteristics that may make them vulnerable to unintended pregnancy. Little research, however, has examined whether the risk of unintended pregnancy is elevated among these women. METHODS: Using data from the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth, logistic regression models were fitted to examine sexual orientation disparities in mistimed and unwanted pregnancies among 9,807 women aged 20-45; mixed-effects hazard models assessed disparities in the intention status of 5,238 pregnancies among these women by maternal sexual orientation...
June 9, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593529/bisexual-specific-minority-stressors-psychological-distress-and-suicidality-in-bisexual-individuals-the-mediating-role-of-loneliness
#13
Ethan H Mereish, Sabra L Katz-Wise, Julie Woulfe
Bisexual individuals are at higher risk for poor mental health outcomes compared to heterosexual as well as lesbian and gay individuals and experience minority stressors, such as discrimination, from both heterosexual and sexual minority communities. However, there is little research examining the negative effects of bisexual-specific minority stressors on bisexual individuals' mental health as well as psychological factors that might help explain minority stressors' deleterious effects. This research examined the effects of distal minority stressors (i...
June 7, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592273/research-on-subgroups-is-not-research-on-equity-attributes-evidence-from-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-on-vaccination
#14
REVIEW
Xavier Bosch-Capblanch, Meike-Kathrin Zuske, Christian Auer
BACKGROUND: Equity remains a priority in the international health development agenda. However, major inequities in vaccination coverage jeopardise the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. We aim at comprehensively describing how research has addressed equity issues related to vaccination. METHODS: We carried out an overview of systematic reviews (SRs) that explicitly explored the effects of interventions to improve vaccination in any context; for any vaccine and, in any language...
June 7, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581301/solidarity-through-shared-disadvantage-highlighting-shared-experiences-of-discrimination-improves-relations-between-stigmatized-groups
#15
Clarissa I Cortland, Maureen A Craig, Jenessa R Shapiro, Jennifer A Richeson, Rebecca Neel, Noah J Goldstein
Intergroup relations research has largely focused on relations between members of dominant groups and members of disadvantaged groups. The small body of work examining intraminority intergroup relations, or relations between members of different disadvantaged groups, reveals that salient experiences of ingroup discrimination promote positive relations between groups that share a dimension of identity (e.g., 2 different racial minority groups) and negative relations between groups that do not share a dimension of identity (e...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579618/a-preference-to-bond-male-prairie-voles-form-pair-bonds-even-in-the-presence-of-multiple-receptive-females
#16
Tomica D Blocker, Alexander G Ophir
Pair bonds are the cornerstone of a monogamous relationship. When individuals of the same species engage in monogamy and promiscuity (i.e. alternative reproductive tactics) it can be difficult to determine which tactic confers greater fitness, as measures of fitness can be difficult to ascertain. However, in these circumstances, whether animals preferentially establish pair bonds can reveal decisions that presumably reflect the animals' assessment of how to best maximize reproductive success. In nature, the majority of prairie voles, Microtus ochrogaster, establishes pair bonds and engages in social monogamy while a minority of individuals remains single and presumably mates promiscuously...
December 2016: Animal Behaviour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579496/prevalence-of-use-and-perceptions-of-risk-of-novel-and-other-alternative-tobacco-products-among-sexual-minority-adults-results-from-an-online-national-survey-2014-2015
#17
Pratibha Nayak, Laura F Salazar, Krishna K Kota, Terry F Pechacek
Sexual minority (lesbian, gay, and bisexual [LGB]) populations experience disparities in cigarette use, but sparse evidence exists about novel and other alternative tobacco product use. In this study, we compared rates of novel and other alternative tobacco product use, risk perceptions, and worldview between LGB and heterosexual (HET) adults. An online survey administered in 2014-2015, using a weighted probability sample of 11,525 U.S. adults, assessed awareness of tobacco products; ever and current use of e-cigarettes, cigars, little cigars and cigarillos, and hookahs; perceptions of e-cigarettes; and worldview (individualism vs...
June 1, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573467/branching-process-approach-for-epidemics-in-dynamic-partnership-network
#18
Abid Ali Lashari, Pieter Trapman
We study the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and other infectious diseases on a dynamic network by using a branching process approach. The nodes in the network represent the sexually active individuals, while connections represent sexual partnerships. This network is dynamic as partnerships are formed and broken over time and individuals enter and leave the sexually active population due to demography. We assume that individuals enter the sexually active network with a random number of partners, chosen according to a suitable distribution and that the maximal number of partners that an individual can have at a time is finite...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569044/anxiety-disorders-gender-nonconformity-bullying-and-self-esteem-in-sexual-minority-adolescents-prospective-birth-cohort-study
#19
Abbeygail Jones, Emily Robinson, Olakunle Oginni, Qazi Rahman, Katharine A Rimes
BACKGROUND: Sexual minority adolescents (i.e. youth not exclusively heterosexual) report more anxiety than heterosexual youth on symptom questionnaires but no research has used standardised diagnostic tools to investigate anxiety disorder risk. This study uses a UK birth cohort to investigate the risk of anxiety disorders in sexual minority and heterosexual youth using a computerised structured clinical interview and explores the influence of gender nonconformity, bullying and self-esteem...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565925/sexual-minority-youth-and-depressive-symptoms-or-depressive-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-population-based-studies
#20
Mathijs Fg Lucassen, Karolina Stasiak, Rajvinder Samra, Christopher Ma Frampton, Sally N Merry
OBJECTIVE: Research has suggested that sexual minority young people are more likely to have depressive symptoms or depressive disorder, but to date most studies in the field have relied on convenience-based samples. This study overcomes this limitation by systematically reviewing the literature from population-based studies and conducting a meta-analysis to identify whether depressive disorder and depressive symptoms are elevated in sexual minority youth. METHOD: A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted and informed by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement to determine if rates of depressive symptoms or depressive disorder differ for sexual minority youth, relative to heterosexual adolescents...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
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