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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343240/attempted-suicide-of-ethnic-minority-girls-with-a-caribbean-and-cape-verdean-background-rates-and-risk-factors
#1
Diana D van Bergen, Merijn Eikelenboom, Petra P van de Looij-Jansen
BACKGROUND: WHO data shows that female immigrants in Europe attempt suicide at higher rates than 'native' women and 'native' and immigrant men. Empirical studies addressing attempted suicide of female immigrants of Caribbean (Antillean-Dutch and Creole-Surinamese-Dutch) as well as Cape Verdean descent in Europe are however scarce. We aim to increase knowledge about rates and risk factors of girls of Caribbean and Cape Verdean descent living in the Netherlands. METHODS: We conducted logistic regression on a dataset that consisted of self-reported health and well-being surveys filled out by 5611 female students, age 14-16, in Rotterdam, the Netherlands (Antillean Dutch N = 357, Creole-Surinamese-Dutch N = 130, and Cape Verdean-Dutch N = 402, and Dutch 'natives' N = 4691)...
January 17, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340914/structural-effects-on-hiv-risk-among-youth-a-multi-level-analysis
#2
Robin Lin Miller, Trevor Strzyzykowski, Kyung-Sook Lee, Danielle Chiaramonte, Ignacio Acevedo-Polakovich, Hannah Spring, Olga Santiago-Rivera, Cherrie B Boyer, Jonathan M Ellen
We proposed a multilevel model of structural influences on HIV-risky sexual partnerships in a diverse sample of 1793 youth residing in 23 states and the District of Columbia. We examined the influence of concentrated disadvantage, HIV stigma, and sexual and gender minority stigma on engagement in HIV risky sexual partnerships and whether youth's participation in opportunity structures, anticipation of HIV stigma, and perceptions of their community as youth-supportive settings mediated structural effects. After controlling for age, HIV status, and race, we found structural HIV stigma had deleterious indirect effects on youth's participation in HIV-risky sexual partnerships...
January 16, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335809/healthcare-and-social-services-providers-who-serve-sexual-and-gender-minorities-in-a-u-s-mexico-border-city
#3
Oralia Loza, Carlos R Alvarez, David Peralta-Torres
Sexual and gender minorities, including lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) individuals, experience barriers to healthcare as a result of stigma, discrimination, and poor cultural competence by healthcare and social services providers (HCSSP). The purpose of the study is to increase access to care and services for the LGBTQ community in a U.S.-Mexico border city by identifying LGBTQ-friendly HCSSP. A survey, developed based on concerns voiced in a predominantly Hispanic LGBTQ community, was administered to HCSSP and used to create a referral list, "The Purple Pages of El Paso" (PPoEP)...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334226/ethnic-youth-and-sexual-identity-the-role-of-clinical-and-social-support-for-double-minorities
#4
Nicole Wong, David B Menkes
OBJECTIVES: Sexual-minority youth exhibit increased rates of psychiatric morbidity, subject to various social factors. We examine the impact of ethnicity and culture on these phenomena, with particular reference to Asian youth living in Western societies. CONCLUSIONS: Youth from minority ethnic groups who do not identify with their native gender and/or who are not exclusively heterosexual are known as 'double minorities'. Available evidence suggests that such individuals are at particularly increased risk of depression and suicide, but that this may be mitigated by social support...
January 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333889/risking-it-anyway-an-adolescent-case-study-of-trauma-sexual-and-gender-identities-and-relationality
#5
Elizabeth A McConnell
This article presents the case of a Chinese-American adolescent with a significant trauma history who was questioning her sexual and gender identities. The implications of the client's intersecting identities for case conceptualization and treatment are considered within the framework of affirmative practices for sexual and gender minority (SGM) clients. The impacts of stress and trauma on this client's experiences-and SGM clients more broadly-are also considered, particularly with respect to how this client understood and negotiated her experiences of relational trauma...
January 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332681/sleep-duration-sleep-quality-and-sexual-orientation-findings-from-the-2013-2015-national-health-interview-survey
#6
Adena M Galinsky, Brian W Ward, Sarah S Joestl, James M Dahlhamer
INTRODUCTION: This study identifies associations between sleep outcomes and sexual orientation net of sociodemographic and health-related characteristics, and produces estimates generalizable to the US adult population. PARTICIPANTS/METHODS: We used 2013-2015 National Health Interview Survey data (46,909 men; 56,080 women) to examine sleep duration and quality among straight, gay/lesbian, and bisexual US adults. Sleep duration was measured as meeting National Sleep Foundation age-specific recommendations for hours of sleep per day...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330031/mental-health-disorders-mediate-association-of-sexual-minority-identity-with-cardiovascular-disease
#7
Lezhou Wu, Randy L Sell, Alexis M Roth, Seth L Welles
BACKGROUND: Little is known about cardiovascular health disparities for lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) persons and whether these disparities are mediated by mental health disorders due to sexual minority stress. We hypothesize LGB identity is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and that major depressive disorder (MDD) and generalized anxiety disorders (GAD) may mediate this association. METHODS: The National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions is a longitudinal, nationally-representative study of non-institutionalized U...
January 9, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326961/trends-in-suicidality-among-sexual-minority-and-heterosexual-students-in-a-canadian-population-based-cohort-study
#8
Tracey Peter, Tamara Edkins, Ryan Watson, Jones Adjei, Yuko Homma, Elizabeth Saewyc
Objectives: Despite evidence from numerous studies that document disparities in suicidality for sexual minorities, few have investigated whether or not these trends have improved over time, which is the objective of the current study. Methods: Using school-based population data over a 15-year period (1998 to 2013), multivariate logistic regressions were used to calculate age-adjusted odds ratios separately by gender. Interactions were included to test widening or narrowing disparities within orientation groups, which makes this one of the first studies to test whether gaps in disparities between heterosexual and sexual minorities have widened or narrowed over time...
March 2017: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324177/tobacco-use-among-adults-by-sexual-orientation-findings-from-the-population-assessment-of-tobacco-and-health-study
#9
Christopher W Wheldon, Annette R Kaufman, Karin A Kasza, Richard P Moser
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to characterize lifetime tobacco use across two measures of sexual orientation and six types of tobacco products. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (Wave 1, 2013-2014, USA) to estimate the prevalence of tobacco use (cigarettes, e-cigarettes, cigars, pipes, hookah, and smokeless) stratified by gender (men/women), age (< 25/≥ 25 years old), and sexual orientation...
January 2018: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319435/black-lgb-identities-and-perceptions-of-same-sex-marriage
#10
Jess Lee
The 2015 SCOTUS ruling legalizing same-sex marriage was hailed as a universal victory for the lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) community, but the pervasive support mobilized to achieve this goal may mask important dissension and inequality within the community. Specifically, how race may shape or perpetuate inequalities in the LGB community through same-sex marriage has largely been absent from the discussion. Focusing on the perceived impact of same-sex marriage in respondents' lives, I investigate the relationship between black LGBs' perception of same-sex marriage legalization and their intersectional identities and community membership...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311536/historical-origins-of-the-tuskegee-experiment-the-dilemma-of-public-health-in-the-united-states
#11
Jinbin Park
The Tuskegee Study of Untreated Syphilis in the Negro Male was an observational study on African-American males in Tuskegee, Alabama between 1932 and 1972. The U. S. Public Health Service ran this study on more than 300 people without notifying the participants about their disease nor treating them even after the introduction of penicillin. The study included recording the progress of disease and performing an autopsy on the deaths. This paper explores historical backgrounds enabled this infamous study, and discusses three driving forces behind the Tuskegee Study...
December 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308989/a-systematic-review-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-composite-lgbt-prejudice-and-discrimination-scales
#12
Melanie A Morrison, C J Bishop, Todd G Morrison
Prejudice and discrimination against LGBT individuals is widespread and has been shown to have negative consequences for sexual and gender minority persons' physical and psychological well-being. A recent and problematic trend in the literature is to compositely measure prejudice toward and discrimination against LGBT persons. As such, a review of the psychometric properties of scales assessing, in a combinatory fashion, negative attitudes and/or behaviours toward LGBT persons is warranted. In the current study, 32 scales were identified and their psychometric properties were evaluated...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307388/effect-of-hpv-vaccination-and-cervical-cancer-screening-in-england-by-ethnicity-a-modelling-study
#13
Helen C Johnson, Erin I Lafferty, Rosalind M Eggo, Karly Louie, Kate Soldan, Jo Waller, W John Edmunds
BACKGROUND: Health equality is increasingly being considered alongside overall health gain when assessing public health interventions. However, the trade-off between the direct effects of vaccination and herd immunity could lead to unintuitive consequences for the distribution of disease burden within a population. We used a transmission dynamic model of human papillomavirus (HPV) to investigate the effect of ethnic disparities in vaccine and cervical screening uptake on inequality in disease incidence in England...
January 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304829/muslim-women-s-use-of-contraception-in-the-united-states
#14
Henna Budhwani, Jami Anderson, Kristine R Hearld
BACKGROUND: American Muslim women are an understudied population; thus, significant knowledge gaps exist related to their most basic health behaviors and indicators. Considering this, we examined American Muslim women's contraception utilization patterns. METHODS: Self-reported data collected in late 2015 were analyzed. Women who identified as Muslim, were at least 18 years old, sexually active, and current residents of the United States (n = 224) met the inclusion criteria...
January 5, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300994/sexual-orientation-discrimination-and-tobacco-use-disparities-in-the-united-states
#15
Sean Esteban McCabe, Tonda L Hughes, Alicia K Matthews, Joseph G L Lee, Brady T West, Carol J Boyd, Cynthia Arslanian-Engoren
Introduction: Differences in tobacco/nicotine use by sexual orientation are well documented. Development of interventions requires attention to the etiology of these differences. This study examined associations among sexual orientation discrimination, cigarette smoking, any tobacco/nicotine use, and DSM-5 tobacco use disorder (TUD) in the U.S. Methods: We used data from the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions based on in-person interviews with a nationally representative sample of non-institutionalized U...
December 30, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298611/prevalence-of-obesity-prediabetes-and-diabetes-in-sexual-minority-men-results-from-the-2014-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system
#16
Kelley Newlin Lew, Caroline Dorsen, Thomas Long
Purpose The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence and related odds ratios for obesity, prediabetes, and diabetes in sexual minority men (SMM) in relation to straight men. Methods A secondary analysis of 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data from 19 states (n = 53 542) was conducted. Weighted means and standard errors were computed to estimate prevalence rates of obesity, prediabetes, and diabetes across male sexual orientation groups, respectively. Unadjusted and adjusted (demographics, depression, and health care access factors) weighted logistic regression models were developed...
January 1, 2018: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297774/unraveling-health-disparities-among-sexual-and-gender-minorities-a-commentary-on-the-persistent-impact-of-stigma
#17
Ronald O Valdiserri, David R Holtgrave, Tonia C Poteat, Chris Beyrer
LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender) populations experience disparities in health outcomes, both physical and mental, compared to their heterosexual and cis-gender peers. This commentary confronts the view held by some researchers that the disparate rates of mental health problems reported among LGBT populations are the consequences of pursuing a particular life trajectory, rather than resulting from the corrosive and persistent impact of stigma. Suggesting that mental health disparities among LGBT populations arise internally, de novo, when individuals express non-heterosexual and non-conforming gender identities ignores the vast body of evidence documenting the destructive impact of socially-mediated stigma and systemic discrimination on health outcomes for a number of minorities, including sexual and gender minorities...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295032/for-whom-does-hate-crime-hurt-more-a-comparison-of-consequences-of-victimization-across-motives-and-crime-types
#18
Caroline Mellgren, Mika Andersson, Anna-Karin Ivert
Hate crimes have been found to have more severe consequences than other parallel crimes that were not motivated by the offenders' hostility toward someone because of their real or perceived difference. Many countries today have hate crime laws that make it possible to increase the penalties for such crimes. The main critique against hate crime laws is that they punish thoughts. Instead, proponents of hate crime laws argue that sentence enhancement is justified because hate crimes cause greater harm. This study compares consequences of victimization across groups of victims to test for whom hate crimes hurt more...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295025/does-gender-matter-an-exploratory-study-of-cultural-betrayal-trauma-and-hallucinations-in-latino-undergraduates-at-a-predominantly-white-university
#19
Jennifer M Gómez
Violence victimization, such as physical, sexual, and emotional abuse, has been linked with hallucinations. How abuse-related distress manifests is dependent on a host of factors, including gender, ethnicity, and societal inequality. Cultural betrayal trauma theory may provide insight into hallucinatory experiences for Latinos in the United States, as it is a contextualized framework that identifies societal trauma (e.g., discrimination) as a contributor to the harm of within-group interpersonal violence victimization in minority populations...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295024/moderating-effects-of-resilience-on-depression-psychological-distress-and-suicidal-ideation-associated-with-interpersonal-violence
#20
Lisa Fedina, Boyoung Nam, Hyun-Jin Jun, Roma Shah, Tara Von Mach, Charlotte L Bright, Jordan DeVylder
Resilience has been found to attenuate the effects of negative mental health symptomology associated with interpersonal victimization; however, existing research has largely focused on resilience traits, such as individual cognitive and environmental factors that promote resilience. In addition, empirical knowledge on the extent to which resilience mitigates suicidal symptomology associated with interpersonal violence victimization is particularly limited. This study assesses whether the relationship between interpersonal violence (i...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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