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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523944/commercial-sexual-behaviors-among-male-rural-to-urban-migrants-in-western-china-implications-for-hiv-prevention
#1
Wenwei Li, Junjun Jiang, Jinming Su, Bingyu Liang, Wei Deng, Jiegang Huang, Bo Qin, Halmurat Upur, Chaohui Zhong, Qianqiu Wang, Qian Wang, Ning Zang, Yanyan Liao, Sirun Meng, Li Ye, Hao Liang
Rural-to-urban migrants are at high risk of HIV infection. The goal of this survey was to explore the commercial sexual behavior and condom use among male rural-to-urban migrants in western China. A cross-sectional survey on male rural-to-urban migrants in western China was conducted. Among all the subjects surveyed, 140 (7.4%) had commercial sexual behavior, which is associated with being aged older than 24 years, being of Han or other ethnic minorities, being divorced, separated, or widowed, having experienced drug abuse, having had heterosexual behavior, having had casual sexual partners, having had sex with a homosexual, and being from Xinjiang...
May 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520494/racial-ethnic-disparities-at-the-end-of-an-hiv-epidemic-persons-who-inject-drugs-in-new-york-city-2011-2015
#2
Don C Des Jarlais, Kamyar Arasteh, Courtney McKnight, Jonathan Feelemyer, Susan Tross, David Perlman, Samuel Friedman, Aimee Campbell
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether racial/ethnic disparities persist at the "end of the HIV epidemic" (prevalence of untreated HIV infection < 5%; HIV incidence < 0.5 per 100 person-years) among persons who inject drugs (PWID) in New York City. METHODS: We recruited 2404 PWID entering New York City substance use treatment in 2001 to 2005 and 2011 to 2015. We conducted a structured interview, and testing for HIV and herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2; a biomarker for high sexual risk)...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516853/a-gendered-analysis-of-the-shadow-of-sexual-harm-among-a-college-sample
#3
Aimee Petitt, Noelle Linville, Scott York, Carrie L Cook
This study uses survey methodology to examine correlates of fear of crime among men and women to discern the unique impact of risk perception, victimization, vicarious victimization, and fear of sexual harm on fear of crime. Recently, scholars have begun to examine fear separately by gender, which is vital given the unique experiences men and women have with fear and victimization. We examine two different types of fear of crime to determine whether the effects of these correlates differ by crime type across gender...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516176/examining-menstrual-tracking-to-inform-the-design-of-personal-informatics-tools
#4
Daniel A Epstein, Nicole B Lee, Jennifer H Kang, Elena Agapie, Jessica Schroeder, Laura R Pina, James Fogarty, Julie A Kientz, Sean A Munson
We consider why and how women track their menstrual cycles, examining their experiences to uncover design opportunities and extend the field's understanding of personal informatics tools. To understand menstrual cycle tracking practices, we collected and analyzed data from three sources: 2,000 reviews of popular menstrual tracking apps, a survey of 687 people, and follow-up interviews with 12 survey respondents. We find that women track their menstrual cycle for varied reasons that include remembering and predicting their period as well as informing conversations with healthcare providers...
May 2, 2017: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508701/beyond-invisibility-queer-intelligibility-and-symbolic-annihilation-in-healthcare
#5
Alex Müller
Sexual minority health is increasingly receiving attention by health sciences education and healthcare, with the core argument being that health can be improved by challenging sexual minority invisibility. Invisibility as a concept, however, does not allow for a deeper theoretical engagement with the reasons and consequences of the lack of representation of queerness in healthcare. Drawing on empirical research with queer healthcare users in South Africa, I argue that 'invisibility' actually encompasses two distinct, though related, concepts: queer symbolic annihilation as the reason for the exclusion of queer identities in health professions education and, by consequence, in healthcare; and queer (un)intelligibility as the consequence of this systemic erasure...
May 16, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508675/serious-mental-illness-among-young-adult-women-who-use-drugs-in-the-club-scene-co-occurring-biopsychosocial-factors
#6
Maayan Lawental, Hilary L Surratt, Mance E Buttram, Steven P Kurtz
Young women who regularly attend nightclubs are at risk for numerous health and social consequences, including mental distress, sexual and physical victimization and substance dependence. This paper uses a biopsychosocial framework to examine co-occurring mental health problems, victimization, substance dependence, sexual risk and physical pain among a sample of young women who use drugs (N = 222) in Miami's club scene. The majority of women were under 24 years old, Hispanic, and identified as heterosexual...
May 16, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507222/meeting-the-goal-of-concurrent-adolescent-and-adult-licensure-of-hiv-prevention-and-treatment-strategies
#7
Michelle Hume, Linda L Lewis, Robert M Nelson
The ability of adolescents to access safe and effective new products for HIV prevention and treatment is optimised by adolescent licensure at the same time these products are approved and marketed for adults. Many adolescent product development programmes for HIV prevention or treatment products may proceed simultaneously with adult phase III development programmes. Appropriately implemented, this strategy is not expected to delay licensure as information regarding product efficacy can often be extrapolated from adults to adolescents, and pharmacokinetic properties of drugs in adolescents are expected to be similar to those in adults...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506219/sexual-orientation-differences-in-treatment-expectation-alliance-and-outcome-among-patients-at-risk-for-suicide-in-a-public-psychiatric-hospital
#8
Martin Plöderl, Sabine Kunrath, Robert J Cramer, Jen Wang, Larissa Hauer, Clemens Fartacek
BACKGROUND: Sexual minority (SM) individuals (gay, lesbian, bisexual, or otherwise nonheterosexual) are at increased risk for mental disorders and suicide and adequate mental healthcare may be life-saving. However, SM patients experience barriers in mental healthcare that have been attributed to the lack of SM-specific competencies and heterosexist attitudes and behaviors on the part of mental health professionals. Such barriers could have a negative impact on common treatment factors such as treatment expectancy or therapeutic alliance, culminating in poorer treatment outcomes for SM versus heterosexual patients...
May 15, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506202/subtle-and-severe-microaggressions-among-racially-diverse-sexual-minorities
#9
Amanda Weber, Shelly-Ann Collins, Tracy Robinson-Wood, Elda Zeko-Underwood, Bianca Poindexter
In recent years, understanding prejudice and discrimination towards minorities has developed to include the investigation of microaggressions. Microaggressions are brief and commonplace verbal, behavioral or environmental indignities. They are intentional or unintentional and communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative slights towards racial and sexual minorities. The purpose of this phenomenological study is to chronicle the prevalence and type of microaggressions experienced among a sample of 18 highly educated and racially diverse sexual minorities, 24-65 years of age...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503986/minority-stress-model-components-and-affective-well-being-in-a-sample-of-sexual-orientation-minority-adults-living-with-hiv-aids
#10
Robert J Cramer, Alixandra C Burks, Martin Plöderl, Praveen Durgampudi
To date very little literature exists examining theoretically-based models applied to day-to-day positive and negative affective well-being among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Grounded in the perspective of Meyer, I. H. (2003). Prejudice, social stress, and mental health in lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations: Conceptual issues and research evidence. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 674-697. Minority Stress Model, the present study examined HIV- and sexual orientation-related factors influencing affective well-being (i...
May 13, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501223/health-care-barriers-racism-and-intersectionality-in-australia
#11
João L Bastos, Catherine E Harnois, Yin C Paradies
While racism has been shown to negatively affect health care quality, little is known about the extent to which racial discrimination works with and through gender, class, and sexuality to predict barriers to health care (e.g., perceived difficulty accessing health services). Additionally, most existing studies focus on racial disparities in the U.S. context, with few examining marginalized groups in other countries. To address these knowledge gaps, we analyze data from the 2014 Australian General Social Survey, a nationally representative survey of individuals aged 15 and older living in 12,932 private dwellings...
May 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500620/relationship-between-disordered-eating-and-self-identified-sexual-minority-youth-in-a-sample-of-public-high-school-adolescents
#12
Keith J Zullig, Molly R Matthews-Ewald, Robert F Valois
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between selected disordered eating behaviors and self-reported sexual minority status (gay/lesbian, bisexual, and unsure) among a representative sample of high school adolescents. METHODS: The 2013 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-sponsored Connecticut Youth Risk Behavior Survey was utilized (N = 2242). Unadjusted and adjusted logistic regression analyses, separated by gender, examined sexual minority adolescents (gay/lesbian, bisexual, and unsure) and selected eating behaviors...
May 12, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498531/developmental-latent-patterns-of-identification-as-mostly-heterosexual-versus-lesbian-gay-or-bisexual
#13
Jerel P Calzo, Katherine E Masyn, S Bryn Austin, Hee-Jin Jun, Heather L Corliss
Scant research exists on the development of mostly heterosexual identity, the largest sexual orientation minority subgroup. We used longitudinal latent class analysis to characterize the patterns of identification with lesbian, gay, bisexual (LGB), or mostly heterosexual identities from ages 12 to 23 in 13,859 youth (57% female) in a U.S. national cohort. Three classes emerged: completely heterosexual (88.2%), mostly heterosexual (9.5%), and LGB (2.4%). LGB class youth generally identified with sexual minority identities by ages 12-17...
March 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495667/fifteen-minute-consultation-in-the-normal-child-challenges-relating-to-sexuality-and-gender-identity-in-children-and-young-people
#14
Thomas O'Neill, Justin Wakefield
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT+) young people face several challenges in their daily lives, including specific healthcare inequalities. Negative societal attitudes towards sexual and gender minorities, and the effects of regular experiences of bullying and homophobia/transphobia exacerbate the normal trials and tribulations of childhood and adolescence. Barriers to accessing healthy activities, such as sport, are created by perceived stigma and real-life experiences. Healthcare environments are by default heteronormative and contribute to the isolation and exclusion of LGBT+ young people...
May 11, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495220/other-tobacco-product-use-among-sexual-minority-young-adult-bar-patrons
#15
Amanda Fallin-Bennett, Nadra E Lisha, Pamela M Ling
INTRODUCTION: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals smoke at rates 1.5-2 times higher than the general population, but less is known about LGB consumption of other tobacco products (OTPs) and gender differences. OTP use among young adult LGB bar patrons and the relationship among past quit attempts, intention to quit, and binge drinking with OTP use was examined. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of young adults (aged 18-26) in bars/nightclubs in seven U...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494125/harassment-and-mental-distress-among-adolescent-female-students-by-sexual-identity-and-bmi-or-perceived-weight-status
#16
Michelle Marie Johns, Richard Lowry, Zewditu Demissie, Leah Robin
OBJECTIVE: Sexual minority girls (lesbian/bisexual) and girls with overweight/obesity experience high rates of discrimination and mental distress. This study explored whether BMI or perceived weight status might compound sexual minority girls' risk for harassment and mental distress. METHODS: Data on female students from the national 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (n = 7,006) were analyzed. Logistic regression was used to examine differences in bullying, harassment, and mental distress across sexual identity/BMI groups: heterosexual/normal-weight, heterosexual/overweight, sexual minority/normal-weight, and sexual minority/overweight...
May 11, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493737/autonomy-support-for-conflictual-and-stigmatized-identities-effects-on-ownership-and-psychological-health
#17
Netta Weinstein, Nicole Legate, William S Ryan, Constantine Sedikides, Philip J Cozzolino
Important others' perceptions influence self-perceptions. This presents a challenge for the critical developmental task of integrating all aspects of identity, as identities that are devalued or stigmatized by society are harder to own than valued ones. Across 3 studies, we tested the idea that conflictual or stigmatized identities are harder to own, or integrate into the self, than are nonconflictual ones, and we examine how receiving autonomy support for an identity-support for authentic identity exploration and expression-can facilitate ownership of that identity...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492165/-the-contribution-of-legal-medicine-in-child-protection-presentation-of-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#18
J Hiquet, E Christin, O Dubourg, J Fougas, C Baup, G Brunet, J Millington, N Grosleron, S Gromb-Monnoyeur
INTRODUCTION: Maltreatment is a complex issue and therefore, requires a multidisciplinary approach, which has been commonly used in North America since the 1980s but remains unsystematic in France. Since 1999, the Centre d'Accueil en Urgence des Victimes d'Agression (emergency unit for victims of assault) of the Bordeaux University Hospital has brought together various medical, paramedical, and social actors on this issue. A standardized psychosocial assessment procedure has been introduced and is detailed in this paper, and was consistently conducted in all cases of suspicion of abuse on a minor...
December 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486955/changes-in-affect-after-completing-a-mailed-survey-about-trauma-two-pre-and-post-test-studies-in-former-disability-applicants-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#19
Maureen Murdoch, Shannon Marie Kehle-Forbes, Melissa Ruth Partin
BACKGROUND: One potential concern with using mailed surveys containing trauma-related content is the possibility of re-traumatizing survivors without a trained mental health professional present. Prior research provides insufficient guidance regarding the prevalence and magnitude of this risk because the psychological harms of trauma-related surveys have typically been estimated using single post-test observations. Post-test observations cannot quantify magnitude of change in participants' emotional states and may over or under estimate associations between participants' characteristics (risk factors) and post-survey upset...
May 10, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486052/correlates-of-human-papillomavirus-infection-among-a-national-sample-of-sexual-minority-women
#20
Andrew J Branstetter, Annie-Laurie McRee, Paul L Reiter
BACKGROUND: Many sexual minority women are infected with human papillomavirus (HPV), yet little is known about correlates of HPV infection among this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from a national sample of sexual minority women (i.e., women who either reported a history of female sexual partners or identified as nonheterosexual) aged 20-59 from the 2003 to 2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (n = 830). Weighted logistic regression identified correlates of infection with any HPV type and infection with a high-risk HPV type...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
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