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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148860/the-role-of-distal-minority-stress-and-internalized-transnegativity-in-suicidal-ideation-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-among-transgender-adults
#1
Jennifer M Staples, Elizabeth C Neilson, Amanda E B Bryan, William H George
Transgender people are at elevated risk for nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidal ideation compared to the general population. Transgender (trans) refers to a diverse group of people who experience incongruence between their gender identity and sex assigned at birth. The present study is guided by the minority stress model and the psychological mediation framework, which postulate that sexual minority groups experience elevated stress as a result of anti-minority prejudice, contributing to negative mental health outcomes...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145745/recruitment-of-underrepresented-minority-researchers-into-hiv-prevention-research-the-hiv-prevention-trials-network-hptn-scholars-program
#2
Sten H Vermund, Erica L Hamilton, Sam Griffith, Larissa Jennings, Typhanye V Dyer, Kenneth H Mayer, Darrell P Wheeler
Most US investigators in the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) have been of majority race/ethnicity and sexual orientation. Research participants, in contrast, have been disproportionately from racial/ethnic minorities and men who have sex with men (MSM), reflecting the US epidemic. We initiated and subsequently evaluated the HPTN Scholars Program that mentors early career investigators from underrepresented minority groups. Scholars were affiliated with the HPTN for 12-18 months, mentored by a senior researcher to analyze HPTN study data...
November 16, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140905/gender-confirmation-surgery-using-the-pedicle-transverse-colon-flap-for-vaginal-reconstruction-a-clinical-outcome-and-sexual-function-evaluation-study
#3
Oscar J Manrique, M Diya Sabbagh, Pedro Ciudad, Jorys Martinez-Jorge, Kidakorn Kiranantawat, Ngamcherd Sitpahul, Todd B Nippoldt, Ali Charafeddine, Hung-Chi Chen
INTRODUCTION: Vaginal reconstruction and vaginoplasty are indicated in vaginal agenesis, following pelvic tumor resection, trauma and for gender confirmation surgery. Different surgical options have been described when using these techniques. Herein, we present the clinical outcomes and sexual function evaluation using the pedicle transverse colon flap (TCF) for gender confirmation surgery in transgender women. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of all transgender women who underwent gender confirmation surgery using the pedicle TCF...
November 11, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139126/understanding-the-association-between-discrimination-and-depression-among-sexual-minority-people-of-color-evidence-for-diminishing-returns-of-socioeconomic-advantage
#4
Megan Sutter, Paul B Perrin, Michael A Trujillo
OBJECTIVE: To examine the differential association of heterosexism and racism on depression as moderated by socioeconomic status (SES) among sexual minority people of color. METHOD: A cross-sectional sample of sexual minority people of color (n = 170) was surveyed on their experiences of heterosexism, racism, depression, and SES in a national online study based in the United States. RESULTS: Bivariately, SES was inversely associated with depression, racism, and heterosexism...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138982/characterizing-the-hiv-prevention-and-care-continua-in-a-sample-of-transgender-youth-in-the-u-s
#5
Sari L Reisner, Laura Jadwin-Cakmak, Jaclyn M White Hughto, Miguel Martinez, Liz Salomon, Gary W Harper
In the U.S., transgender and other gender minority (TG) youth are an at-risk group understudied in HIV prevention and treatment. This study sought to characterize the HIV prevention and care continua in a diverse sample of 181 sexually-active TG ages 16-24 years (mean age = 20.7 years; 76.8% trans feminine; 69.1% youth of color) recruited July-December 2015 in 14 U.S. cities. Overall, 30.9% reported living with HIV, of which 71.4% were on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and 55.0% were medication adherent; 65...
November 14, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130791/the-sexual-health-of-women-in-lebanon-are-there-differences-by-sexual-orientation
#6
Jessica D Gereige, Li Zhang, Ulrike Boehmer
PURPOSE: From studies conducted in Western countries (United States, United Kingdom, and Australia), we know that the sexual health of sexual minority women (SMW) differs in key ways from that of heterosexual women (HSW). To date, the sexual health of SMW living in the Middle East and North Africa region has not been studied. The purpose of this study was to compare the sexual health of SMW and HSW living in Lebanon. METHODS: SMW and HSW living in Lebanon (N = 95) completed an anonymous, self-administered survey...
November 13, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129619/transcriptional-profiling-validates-involvement-of-extracellular-matrix-and-proteinases-genes-in-mouse-gonad-development
#7
Rafal P Piprek, Michal Kolasa, Dagmara Podkowa, Malgorzata Kloc, Jacek Z Kubiak
Extracellular matrix (ECM) plays an important scaffolding role in the establishment of organs structure during development. A great number of ECM components and enzymes (proteinases) regulating formation/degradation of ECM during organ remodeling have been identified. In order to study the role of ECM in the mouse gonad development, especially during sexual differentiation of the gonads when the structure of the testis and ovary becomes established, we performed a global analysis of transcriptome in three main cell types of developing gonad (supporting, interstitial/stromal and germ cells) using transgenic mice, cell sorting and microarray...
November 9, 2017: Mechanisms of Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129587/thighplasty-improving-aesthetics-through-revival-of-the-medial-horizontal-procedure-a-safe-and-scar-saving-option
#8
Karl Schwaiger, Elisabeth Russe, Klemens Heinrich, Florian Ensat, Gernot Steiner, Gottfried Wechselberger, Michaela Hladik
INTRODUCTION: Thighplasty is a common bodycontouring procedure, but also associated with a high complication rate. The purpose of this study was to access the outcome of the medial horizontal thigh lift as it is a common surgical technique regarding thigh deformity correction performed at the authors' department. Surgical keysteps, clinical applications, advantages and disadvantages of the procedure are shown. Postoperative evaluation took place with special focus on individual patient satisfaction...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128984/taxonomic-resolution-and-functional-traits-in-the-analysis-of-tropical-oribatid-mite-assemblages
#9
Maria A Minor, Sergey G Ermilov, Alexei V Tiunov
We analysed species-level datasets representing Oribatida assemblages along a gradient of old-growth primary tropical forests, secondary forests, and plantation forests in Dong Nai Biosphere Reserve, Vietnam. We identified patterns in abundance, species richness and species assemblages of Oribatida, then applied taxonomic sufficiency approach to the datasets. Using three levels of higher-taxon aggregation, we evaluated whether aggregated datasets are useful in identifying ecological patterns, in comparison to species-level data...
November 11, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121905/the-trafficking-of-women-and-girls-in-taiwan-characteristics-of-victims-perpetrators-and-forms-of-exploitation
#10
Lanying Huang
BACKGROUND: Prior to the passing of 2009 Human Trafficking Prevention Act (HTPA), human trafficking was underestimated in Taiwan. In the past, domestic trafficking in women and girls often targeted vulnerable groups such as young girls from poor families or minority groups. Since the 1990s, an increasing flow of immigrant women, mainly from Vietnam and Indonesia and some from China, into Taiwan has created a new group of Human Trafficking victims. The current study intends to identify, describe, and categorize reported and prosecuted human trafficking cases involving women and girls according to the HTPA in Taiwan...
November 9, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120379/trait-rumination-predicts-elevated-evening-cortisol-in-sexual-and-gender-minority-young-adults
#11
Peggy M Zoccola, Andrew W Manigault, Wilson S Figueroa, Cari Hollenbeck, Anna Mendlein, Alex Woody, Katrina Hamilton, Matt Scanlin, Ryan C Johnson
Stress may contribute to illness through the impaired recovery or sustained activity of stress-responsive biological systems. Rumination, or mental rehearsal of past stressors, may alter the body's stress-responsive systems by amplifying and prolonging exposure to physiological mediators, such as cortisol. The primary aim of the current investigation was to test the extent to which the tendency to ruminate on stress predicts diminished diurnal cortisol recovery (i.e., elevated evening cortisol) in a sample of sexual and gender minority young adults...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119472/msm-at-highest-risk-for-hiv-acquisition-express-greatest-interest-and-preference-for-injectable-antiretroviral-prep-compared-to-daily-oral-medication
#12
Katie B Biello, Matthew J Mimiaga, Christopher M Santostefano, David S Novak, Kenneth H Mayer
Men who have sex with men (MSM) account for nearly 70% of new HIV diagnoses, with young black MSM at the highest risk for infection in the United States. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) can decrease HIV acquisition in at-risk individuals by over 90%. However, therapeutic efficacy requires a daily pill, posing adherence challenges. Experimental modalities, including injectable PrEP given once every 2 months, may improve adherence among those most in need. To assess interest in and preference for injectable PrEP, an online survey was mounted on two popular MSM sexual networking apps...
November 8, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118731/the-indirect-effect-of-emotion-regulation-on-minority-stress-and-problematic-substance-use-in-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-individuals
#13
Andrew H Rogers, Ilana Seager, Nathaniel Haines, Hunter Hahn, Amelia Aldao, Woo-Young Ahn
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals report higher levels of problematic alcohol and substance use than their heterosexual peers. This disparity is linked to the experience of LGB-specific stressors, termed minority stress. Additionally, bisexual individuals show increased rates of psychopathology, including problematic alcohol and substance use, above and beyond lesbian and gay individuals. However, not everyone experiencing minority stress reports increased rates of alcohol and substance misuse. Emotion regulation (ER), which plays a critical role in psychopathology in general, is theorized to modulate the link between minority stress and psychopathology...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118229/sexual-and-gender-minority-issues-across-nccn-guidelines-results-from-a-national-survey
#14
Janella Hudson, Matthew B Schabath, Julian Sanchez, Steven Sutton, Vani N Simmons, Susan T Vadaparampil, Peter A Kanetsky, Gwendolyn P Quinn
Background: The lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer/questioning (LGBTQ) population is at higher risk for multiple types of cancers compared with the heterosexual population. Expert NCCN panels lead the nation in establishing clinical practice guidelines addressing cancer prevention, early detection, and treatment of cancer sites and populations. Given the emergence of new data identifying cancer disparities in the LGBTQ population, this study examined the inclusion of medical and/or psychosocial criteria unique to LGBTQ within NCCN Guidelines...
November 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118223/time-to-change-supporting-sexual-and-gender-minority-people-an-underserved-understudied-cancer-risk-population
#15
Juno Obedin-Maliver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114845/parental-sexual-orientation-and-children-s-psychological-well-being-2013-2015-national-health-interview-survey
#16
Jerel P Calzo, Vickie M Mays, Charlotte Björkenstam, Emma Björkenstam, Kyriaki Kosidou, Susan D Cochran
Debate persists about whether parental sexual orientation affects children's well-being. This study utilized information from the 2013 to 2015 U.S., population-based National Health Interview Survey to examine associations between parental sexual orientation and children's well-being. Parents reported their children's (aged 4-17 years old, N = 21,103) emotional and mental health difficulties using the short form Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Children of bisexual parents had higher SDQ scores than children of heterosexual parents...
November 8, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111903/suicide-acceptability-and-sexual-orientation-results-from-the-general-social-survey-2008-2014
#17
John R Blosnich, Megan C Lytle, Robert W S Coulter, Darren L Whitfield
OBJECTIVES: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals have higher prevalence of lifetime suicide ideation and attempt than their heterosexual peers, but less is known about differences in suicide acceptability (i.e., believing suicide is a viable answer to a problem). The purpose of this study was to examine if LGB adults had greater suicide acceptability than heterosexual adults. METHODS: Four items in the General Social Surveys from 2008-2014 assessed whether a nationally representative sample of US adult respondents (n = 5,037) thought it acceptable for individuals to kill themselves if one: goes bankrupt, dishonors their family, is tired of living, or has an incurable disease...
November 7, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110805/a-population-based-epidemiologic-study-of-female-sexual-dysfunction-risk-in-mainland-china-prevalence-and-predictors
#18
Chunni Zhang, Jiali Tong, Lan Zhu, Lei Zhang, Tao Xu, Jinghe Lang, Yu Xie
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic data on female sexual dysfunction in China are sparse. AIM: To assess the prevalence of risk of female sexual dysfunction in mainland China and its regional and sociodemographic variations and physiologic, pathologic, and behavioral risk factors. METHODS: A survey of the general female population was conducted in mainland China from February 2014 through January 2016. Women were randomly selected using multistage, stratified, cluster sampling...
November 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108521/minority-stressors-rumination-and-psychological-distress-in-monozygotic-twins-discordant-for-sexual-minority-status
#19
Liam Timmins, Katharine A Rimes, Qazi Rahman
BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals report higher levels of depression and anxiety than heterosexual people. Genetic factors may be a 'common cause' of sexual minority status and psychological distress. Alternatively, these may be correlated because of non-genetic environmental factors (e.g. minority stressors). This study investigated minority stressors and distress in monozygotic twins discordant for sexual minority status. This design provides a test of the role of non-shared environmental factors while minimizing differences due to genetics...
November 7, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105805/should-body-image-programs-be-inclusive-a-focus-group-study-of-college-students
#20
Anna C Ciao, Olivia C Ohls, Kevin D Pringle
OBJECTIVE: Most evidence-based body image programs for college students (e.g., the Body Project) are designed for female-only audiences, although body dissatisfaction is not limited to female-identified individuals. Furthermore, programs do not explicitly discuss diversity, although individuals with marginalized gender, racial, and sexual identities may be particularly vulnerable to body image disturbances. Making programs more inclusive may increase their disseminability. METHOD: This qualitative study examined the feasibility of adapting the Body Project for universal and inclusive use with college students...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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